Study sets matching "study of law society 2"

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Study sets matching "study of law society 2"

Law and Society 2: **** Society
Terry v. Ohio
Brown v. Texas
Seibert v. Florida
Jardines v. Florida
Officer MacFadden, a seasoned Cleveland detective, noticed su…
Two officers stopped a man and asked him to identify himself…
Michael Seibert killed Karolay Adrianza. Roommate William "Ac…
Jadines appealed, calling the drug sniffing dog an unconstitu…
Terry v. Ohio
Officer MacFadden, a seasoned Cleveland detective, noticed su…
Brown v. Texas
Two officers stopped a man and asked him to identify himself…
Law and Society Unit #2 Study Guide
Where was the Constitution written?
When was the Constitution written?
Why was the Constitution written?
Understand the ways in which the Const…
The Constitution was written in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
The Constitution was written in 1787
The Constitution was written because the United States needed…
...
Where was the Constitution written?
The Constitution was written in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
When was the Constitution written?
The Constitution was written in 1787
41 terms
Law & Society Unit 2 Study Guide
where was the constitution written
when was the constitution written
why was the constitution written
limited powers
Philadelphia, PA
1787
sets the basic framework of the American government... lists the…
constitution created a government with limited power with aut…
where was the constitution written
Philadelphia, PA
when was the constitution written
1787
1. Law in society-Legal studies 1 & 2
Non-legal rules
Legal rules
Anarchy
Characteristics of an effective law
-Made by private individuals or groups e.g. parents, schools.…
-Made by law-making bodies with the force of law e.g. parliam…
State with laws
-Known to the public... -Acceptable to the community... -Able to be…
Non-legal rules
-Made by private individuals or groups e.g. parents, schools.…
Legal rules
-Made by law-making bodies with the force of law e.g. parliam…
25 terms
law & society - midterm study guide
Sociological Jurisprudence
Lochner v. New York (1905)
Legal formalism/Analytical Jurisprudence
Counter-majoritarian possibility of law
- blend of social science and the law... - "the law must be stab…
- Joseph Lochner, owner of Lochner's Home Bakery in Utica, NY…
- Legal formalism: appertains to the Judge, formalism suggest…
- Alexander Bickell "The Least Dangerous Branch" - The Counte…
Sociological Jurisprudence
- blend of social science and the law... - "the law must be stab…
Lochner v. New York (1905)
- Joseph Lochner, owner of Lochner's Home Bakery in Utica, NY…
Law in Society - Unit 2 Study Guide
An oral contract is not enforceable at…
Advertisements in newspapers, price ta…
An acceptance of an offer to sell good…
A valid contract must contain at least…
False
True
False
False
An oral contract is not enforceable at…
False
Advertisements in newspapers, price ta…
True
23 terms
Law & Society CH2
Categorial imperative
Classical sociological theory
Critical legal studies
Émile Durkheim
Identified with 18th century theorist Immanuel Kant, stating…
the early theorists, the most prominent of which are Emile Du…
contemporary legal theory that views law as political.
French classical sociologist who theorized that law reflects…
Categorial imperative
Identified with 18th century theorist Immanuel Kant, stating…
Classical sociological theory
the early theorists, the most prominent of which are Emile Du…
17 terms
Law in Society Midterm Study Guide Chapter 2
Which are the personal and natural rig…
Which amendment guarantees US citizens…
Which amendment prevents the imposing…
Which amendment states the US citizens…
Civil Rights
1
8
2
Which are the personal and natural rig…
Civil Rights
Which amendment guarantees US citizens…
1
ch 2 law in society midterm study guide
which are the personal and natural rig…
which amendment gurantees us citizens…
which amendment prevents the imposing…
which amendment states the us citizens…
civil rights
the first amendment
the 8th amendment
the 2nd amendment
which are the personal and natural rig…
civil rights
which amendment gurantees us citizens…
the first amendment
44 terms
Law and Society-Test 2
How a law is made
dredd scott case
marbury v. madison
Congress's powers
1. Bill starts as an idea... 2.goes to the committee... 3. goes to…
1857 case where Dredd Scott, a slave, wanted to sue for his f…
a landmark United States Supreme Court case in which the Cour…
"the principle of implied powers" congress as many implied po…
How a law is made
1. Bill starts as an idea... 2.goes to the committee... 3. goes to…
dredd scott case
1857 case where Dredd Scott, a slave, wanted to sue for his f…
6 terms
law in society midterm study guide chapter 2
what are the personal and natural righ…
which amendment guarantees u.s citizen…
which amendment prevents the imposing…
which amendment states that u.s citize…
...
...
...
...
what are the personal and natural righ…
...
which amendment guarantees u.s citizen…
...
LEGAL STUDIES.......................law and society
legal rules
non legal rules
Why do we need laws?
Functions of the law
legal rules are LAWS. All members of our society must follow…
Apply to a group of individuals. The members agree to be boun…
Maintain social cohesion. ie a community where people are abl…
1. provide framework in which the community can exist in free…
legal rules
legal rules are LAWS. All members of our society must follow…
non legal rules
Apply to a group of individuals. The members agree to be boun…
12 terms
Chapter 2 Law in Society
civil rights
amendment 1
amendment 8
amendment 2
personal and natural rights guaranteed to U.S civilians
guarantees freedom of speech
prevents imposing of excessive bail or fines
right to bear arms
civil rights
personal and natural rights guaranteed to U.S civilians
amendment 1
guarantees freedom of speech
46 terms
law in society study guide
common law
citation
in criminal cases the procedures must…
no right to a trial and no right to be…
a set of laws made by the courts based on the customs and tra…
decisions made by the highest court of any state follow the l…
one difference between criminal and civil procedure is
young people who appear before a juvenile court have
common law
a set of laws made by the courts based on the customs and tra…
citation
decisions made by the highest court of any state follow the l…
LAW IN SOCIETY STUDY GUIDE
Jurisdiction
Ordinance
Common law
Federal case law
Decide case
Legis. created by town or country board or city council
Flexibility
Appealic court endorses a rule
Jurisdiction
Decide case
Ordinance
Legis. created by town or country board or city council
22 terms
Midterm #2: Law and Society
Clarence Darrow
The Violence of Legal Acts-Robert M. C…
Address to the Prisoners in the Cook C…
The Rule of Law Versus the Order of th…
-the economic underpinnings of law enforcement... -both the "rig…
-Legal interpretation takes place in a field of pain and deat…
-DOES NOT BELIEVE IN CRIME... -No distinction between the real m…
-Relationship between custom and law is contradictory... -If cus…
Clarence Darrow
-the economic underpinnings of law enforcement... -both the "rig…
The Violence of Legal Acts-Robert M. C…
-Legal interpretation takes place in a field of pain and deat…
Law in Society Chapter 2
Jurisdiction
Original jurisdiction
Appellate Court
Limited jurisdiction
the power and authority given to a court to hear a case and m…
over most federal court cases, meaning they try a case the fi…
U.S. courts of appeals
handle minor matters, such as misdemeanors and civil actions…
Jurisdiction
the power and authority given to a court to hear a case and m…
Original jurisdiction
over most federal court cases, meaning they try a case the fi…
23 terms
law and society study guide
integrity
ordinance
statutes
constitution
is the capacity to do what is right even in the face of tempt…
is legislation enacted at the local level
are laws enacted by legislatures
is a document that sets forth the framework of a government a…
integrity
is the capacity to do what is right even in the face of tempt…
ordinance
is legislation enacted at the local level
26 terms
Law and Society Study
We need laws because: 1.
2.
3.
4.
To establish boundaries of acceptable behaviour and determine…
Protection from the actions of others as well as our own beha…
Freedom to do many things by telling society what people can…
Resolving disputes in order to stop people taking the law int…
We need laws because: 1.
To establish boundaries of acceptable behaviour and determine…
2.
Protection from the actions of others as well as our own beha…
28 terms
Crime society and law 2
Arrest
Deadly Force
Interrogation
Miranda Warning
seize (someone) by legal authority and take into custody
Force that is likely to cause, or that a person knows or shou…
the action of interrogating or the process of being interroga…
a right to silence warning given by police in the United Stat…
Arrest
seize (someone) by legal authority and take into custody
Deadly Force
Force that is likely to cause, or that a person knows or shou…
17 terms
law and society 2
Comparative Negligence
Contriubatory Negligence
Preponderance of the evidence
Beyond a reasonable doubt
A legal doctrine that attempts to deal out the responsibility…
if any injury was at fault, neither of them could sue. This w…
standard of proof in civil cases. The lower standard of proof…
leaves you firmly convinced of the defendant's guilt.
Comparative Negligence
A legal doctrine that attempts to deal out the responsibility…
Contriubatory Negligence
if any injury was at fault, neither of them could sue. This w…
32 terms
Law & Society pt. 2
Percentage of poor employed at time of…
Percentage of poor that have completed…
Ways to keep poor people poor
Women get more/less favorable outcomes…
55%
33%
-Ineligible for some welfare benefits... -No financial aid for e…
-Depends on ethnicity... -Women treated less strictly in same ki…
Percentage of poor employed at time of…
55%
Percentage of poor that have completed…
33%
Law & Society Unit 2
1st Degree Murder
Felony Murder
2nd Degree Murder
Voluntary Manslaughter
Premeditated, Deliberate, with malice
occurred during a felony committed by the "killer"
With malice
killer did something that could reasonably make the killer lo…
1st Degree Murder
Premeditated, Deliberate, with malice
Felony Murder
occurred during a felony committed by the "killer"
5 terms
Area Of Study 1 - Law in Society
Non-Legal Rules
Legal Rules
The Constitution
Constitutional Monarchy
Made by private individuals and cannot be enforced by the cou…
Made by law-making bodies with the force of law and can be en…
The constitution is a legal document; it outlines the basic r…
Australia's system of government is a constitutional monarchy…
Non-Legal Rules
Made by private individuals and cannot be enforced by the cou…
Legal Rules
Made by law-making bodies with the force of law and can be en…
37 terms
Law and society chapter 2
Primitive legal system
Transitional legal system
modern legal system
Baron de Montisquieu
small agrarian societies, laws not written, laws are ancient…
industrial society, greater differentiation between law and c…
more distinguished transitional elements, proliferation of ad…
separation of powers (legislation, executive, judicial), infl…
Primitive legal system
small agrarian societies, laws not written, laws are ancient…
Transitional legal system
industrial society, greater differentiation between law and c…
45 terms
study guide for law in society
true
false
false
false
motive plays no part in proving criminal liability
embezzlement is what criminals do when they need to hide larg…
the purpose of international criminal court is to provide fre…
the primary duty that arises from a marriage contract is the…
true
motive plays no part in proving criminal liability
false
embezzlement is what criminals do when they need to hide larg…
legal studies - Law in Society
Bicameral
Bill
Concurrent powers
Delegated legislation
Two houses of parliament- at a federal level, the House of Re…
A proposed law.
Law-making powers shared by the Commonwealth Parliament and t…
Laws made by subordinate bodies.
Bicameral
Two houses of parliament- at a federal level, the House of Re…
Bill
A proposed law.
Law and Society Exam 2
When we grant power to government, we…
power
authority
symbolic or substantial
Rights
Getting a person doing something they usually would not do
Idea came from Weber. It is legitimate power through traditio…
How a symbolic right becomes substantial right:... 1. Court inte…
When we grant power to government, we…
Rights
power
Getting a person doing something they usually would not do
Legal studies- Law in Society
Characteristics of an effective law
3 main roles of law
Main aim for criminal law
Main aim for civil law
1) known to public ... 2) accepted in the community ... 3)able to b…
1) protection ... 2) freedom ... 3) resolve disputes
The main aim for criminal law is to apprehend, prosecute and…
The main aim of civil law is to return the persons whose righ…
Characteristics of an effective law
1) known to public ... 2) accepted in the community ... 3)able to b…
3 main roles of law
1) protection ... 2) freedom ... 3) resolve disputes
Law and Society Midterm Study Guide CHP 2 Vocab
Statues
Supremacy Clause
Legislative intent
Precedent
Written laws enacted by legislatures
The provision in Article IV of the Constitution stating that…
What the lawmakers who passed a law wanted the law to mean. I…
Court decision on a legal question that guides future cases w…
Statues
Written laws enacted by legislatures
Supremacy Clause
The provision in Article IV of the Constitution stating that…
Law and Society Test 2
The tools of discovery
Deposition
Subpoena
Production of documents
subpoena, deposition, production of documents, subpoena duces…
a sworn testimony of a witness taken out of court
if people don't appear for a deposition the court can issue t…
a legite is entitled to all relevant documents
The tools of discovery
subpoena, deposition, production of documents, subpoena duces…
Deposition
a sworn testimony of a witness taken out of court
Law and Society Chapter 2
3 phases of evolution for legal systems
natural law
John Austin
Donald J. Black
1. pre-modern ... 2. transitional ... 3. modern
set of universal principles applicable to all societies in al…
said law is a set by sovereign without concern for goodness o…
expanded on Austin; governmental social control; where to fin…
3 phases of evolution for legal systems
1. pre-modern ... 2. transitional ... 3. modern
natural law
set of universal principles applicable to all societies in al…
60 terms
1/2 Legal Studies: Area of Study 1 - Law in Society
What are the three primary law-making…
Parliament
Subordinate authorities
What are the four types of subordinate…
• Parliament... • Subordinate authorities... • Courts
The ultimate law-maker made up of elected representatives
Bodies which Parliament delegate to make legislation
• Government departments... • Executive councils... • Local council…
What are the three primary law-making…
• Parliament... • Subordinate authorities... • Courts
Parliament
The ultimate law-maker made up of elected representatives
23 terms
Law and Society-Test 2-Terms
first degree murder
second degree murder
voluntary manslaughter
involuntary manslaughter
premeditated, done with malice and intent
lack of premeditation, done with malice and intent
malice and intent, but act of passion
accident, no intent
first degree murder
premeditated, done with malice and intent
second degree murder
lack of premeditation, done with malice and intent
Law and Society Exam 2
What important functions do the courts…
How are the courts organized?
How can the jurisdiction be determined?
What is jurisdiction?
1.) Dispute resolution (criminal matters and civil matters) t…
1.) Jurisdiction... 2.) Federal Courts... 3.) State courts
1.) the type of case... 2.) territorial authority... 3.) if the cou…
The legal authority of a court to hear and decide cases; assi…
What important functions do the courts…
1.) Dispute resolution (criminal matters and civil matters) t…
How are the courts organized?
1.) Jurisdiction... 2.) Federal Courts... 3.) State courts
Legal Studies - Law In Society
Legal Rules
Non-Legal Rules
Need for Laws
Characteristics of an Effective Law
Made by parliament and are enforceable by the courts.
Made by private groups in society and are not enforceable by…
Protect our society and keep it functioning, provide guidelin…
Known to the public, acceptable to the community, able to be…
Legal Rules
Made by parliament and are enforceable by the courts.
Non-Legal Rules
Made by private groups in society and are not enforceable by…
Law + Society 2
Fundamental Law
Congress
President
Articles of Confederation
All laws are to be judged by the Constitution
Diplomatic conference of independent states
The chairperson who resides at a meeting
1st Constitution of the U.S. 1776-1779 (weaknesses-no executi…
Fundamental Law
All laws are to be judged by the Constitution
Congress
Diplomatic conference of independent states
17 terms
Chapter 2| Law in Society
Which are the personal & natural right…
Which amendment guarantees U.S. citize…
Which amendment prevents the imposing…
Which amendment states that U.S. citiz…
Civil Rights
1st
8th
2nd
Which are the personal & natural right…
Civil Rights
Which amendment guarantees U.S. citize…
1st
26 terms
Law and Society Exam 2
Which president was instrumental in ci…
Requirements put into the Act over vot…
1965 Voting Rights Act (LBJ)
Brown v. Board (1954)
Lyndon B Johnson... "B" stands for "Baines"
1) Right to vote not contingent... 2) Strict standard of liabil…
1) LBJ wants to carve his name into society... 2) prohibited an…
1) court eliminated dual school systems with "all deliberate…
Which president was instrumental in ci…
Lyndon B Johnson... "B" stands for "Baines"
Requirements put into the Act over vot…
1) Right to vote not contingent... 2) Strict standard of liabil…
42 terms
Law & Society Chapter 2
Administrative Agencies
Administrative Law
Articles of Confederation
Beyond a Reasonable Doubt
Created to handle serious social problems and crises that are…
The body of law that regulates the operation and procedures o…
The original constitution of the US, ratified in 1781, which…
The standard that must be met by the prosecution's evidence i…
Administrative Agencies
Created to handle serious social problems and crises that are…
Administrative Law
The body of law that regulates the operation and procedures o…
Legal Studies: Law and Society
Why do we need laws?
Criminal law can be crimes against
Civil law can be actions against
Legal rules
Laws enable us to live together by recognising our rights and…
- the person... - property... - the community (public)... - morality... -…
- contract law... - torts, such as negligence, trespass, nuisanc…
All members of society must abide by these rules.... Parliament…
Why do we need laws?
Laws enable us to live together by recognising our rights and…
Criminal law can be crimes against
- the person... - property... - the community (public)... - morality... -…
law and society 2
business ethics
civil disobedience
civil rights
consequence based reasoning
ethical principles used in making business decisions
open, peaceful violation of a law to protest its alleged inju…
personal, human rights recognized and guaranteed by the U.S.…
form of ethical reasoning that evaluates the results of an ac…
business ethics
ethical principles used in making business decisions
civil disobedience
open, peaceful violation of a law to protest its alleged inju…
Law and Society2
Ethics
Impartiality
Business Ethics
Consequence-based reasoning
...
...
...
...
Ethics
...
Impartiality
...
18 terms
Law & Society 2
Interview
Interrogation
5 major components of the NCIC and wha…
radial cracks
conversation between two or more people for the purpose of ob…
conversation between two or more people for the purpose of ob…
National Crime Information Center 5 components are missing pe…
fractures move away from the point of impact
Interview
conversation between two or more people for the purpose of ob…
Interrogation
conversation between two or more people for the purpose of ob…
9 terms
Area of Study 1 - Law in Society
Rule
Legal Rule
Non-Legal Rule
The Need for Laws
An expected behaviour.
Made by parliament and enforceable by the courts.
Made by private individuals or groups in society, such as par…
- To protect our society and keep it functioning... - Guidelines…
Rule
An expected behaviour.
Legal Rule
Made by parliament and enforceable by the courts.
32 terms
Law in Society - Unit 2
6 Required Elements of a Contract
offer
acceptance
genuine agreement
offer, acceptance, genuine agreement, consideration, capacity…
proposal made by one party to another
agreement of the offeree to be bound by terms
a "meeting of the minds"
6 Required Elements of a Contract
offer, acceptance, genuine agreement, consideration, capacity…
offer
proposal made by one party to another
Law and Society 2
mores
folkways
legislation
rule
societal norms associated with intense feelings of right and…
established norms of common practice such as modes of dress,…
the deliberate creation of legal precepts by a body of govern…
a law made by an administrative agency
mores
societal norms associated with intense feelings of right and…
folkways
established norms of common practice such as modes of dress,…
121 terms
LAW AND SOCIETY 2
Religion in America
first attempt to redefine religion cam…
reynolds v US issue
Reynolds v us decision
one of the reasons for revolution was the freedom to practice…
reynolds v US 1879
is mormonism a religion for first amendment purposes?
USSC was vague: didn't say it wasn't a religion but did say i…
Religion in America
one of the reasons for revolution was the freedom to practice…
first attempt to redefine religion cam…
reynolds v US 1879
Law & Society Chapter 2
Theories of Jurisprudence
Normative theories of jurisprudence
Empirical theories of jurisprudence
Natural law
Theories that define what law is and how it functions.
Focus on how laws should function
Examines how law actually functions
Normative legal theory that laws should be based on religious…
Theories of Jurisprudence
Theories that define what law is and how it functions.
Normative theories of jurisprudence
Focus on how laws should function
49 terms
Law and Society 2
Slave codes
Blackstone's Commentaries on the Laws…
Victimless Crime
Plea Bargaining
Sets of laws during the colonial period which defined the sta…
The first attempt to state the entire corpus of the common law.
A legal offense to which all parties consent and no party is…
an arrangement between a prosecutor and a defendant whereby t…
Slave codes
Sets of laws during the colonial period which defined the sta…
Blackstone's Commentaries on the Laws…
The first attempt to state the entire corpus of the common law.
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