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Study sets matching "supreme court american government"

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Study sets matching "supreme court american government"

35 terms
American government- Supreme Court
Jurisdiction
Original jurisdiction
Appellate jurisdiction
Exclusive jurisdiction
Authority of a court to hear a case
Power of the court to hear a case first, before any other court
Authority of a court to review decisions of inferior courts
Power of federal courts alone to hear federal cases
Jurisdiction
Authority of a court to hear a case
Original jurisdiction
Power of the court to hear a case first, before any other court
12 terms
American Government Supreme Court
Certiorari OR Cert
Writ
Opinion Decision
Concurring Opinion
A writ or order by which a higher court reviews a decision of…
A formal written order issued by a government entity (equalit…
A conclusion reached after an evaluation of facts and law whi…
A written opinion by one or more judges of a court who agrees…
Certiorari OR Cert
A writ or order by which a higher court reviews a decision of…
Writ
A formal written order issued by a government entity (equalit…
14 terms
AMERICAN GOVERNMENT SUPREME COURT CASES
Schenck v. US (civil liberty)
Texas v. Johnson (civil liberty)
Tinker v. Des Moines
Citizens United v. Fed Elect Commissions
During World War I, Schenck mailed circulars to draftees. The…
State of Texas made a law against flag burning. Protestor pro…
Kids wore black arm bands in protest of the Vietnam War and t…
Enabled bigger corps to put money into political campaigns be…
Schenck v. US (civil liberty)
During World War I, Schenck mailed circulars to draftees. The…
Texas v. Johnson (civil liberty)
State of Texas made a law against flag burning. Protestor pro…
30 terms
Supreme Court Cases (American Government)
Griswold v. Connecticut
Grutter v. Bollinger
Planned Parenthood of S.E. Pennsylvani…
Engel v. Vitale
Right to privacy - contraception... The right to privacy is inv…
race - law school - affirmative action... This affirmative acti…
Minors - parental consent... Equal protection and the right to…
prayer in schools... Teacher-led prayer in a school district wa…
Griswold v. Connecticut
Right to privacy - contraception... The right to privacy is inv…
Grutter v. Bollinger
race - law school - affirmative action... This affirmative acti…
27 terms
American Government: Supreme Court Cases
Marbury v. Madison
Barron v. Baltimore
Gitlow v. New York
Mapp v. Ohio
-Judicial Review... -Power to overturn unconstitutional laws is…
-Private Property... -Eminent domain... -Ratified 14th Amend, which…
-Does the NY state Criminal Anarchy statute contravene the du…
-Unlawful search and seizure... -Exclusionary rule: legal princi…
Marbury v. Madison
-Judicial Review... -Power to overturn unconstitutional laws is…
Barron v. Baltimore
-Private Property... -Eminent domain... -Ratified 14th Amend, which…
12 terms
American Government {Supreme Court Cases}
Lawrence v. Texas (2003)
Roe v. Wade (1973)
Griswold v. Connecticut (1965)
Roper v. SImmons (2005)
First case to prevent states from criminalizing private sexua…
The majority decided that a woman's right to privacy of her b…
Ruled that outlawing the sale of contraceptives (and outlawin…
Landmark decision - unconstitutional to impose death penalty…
Lawrence v. Texas (2003)
First case to prevent states from criminalizing private sexua…
Roe v. Wade (1973)
The majority decided that a woman's right to privacy of her b…
18 terms
American Government - Supreme Court Unit
Inferior Courts
Jurisdiction
Criminal Case
Civil Case
The lower federal courts, beneath the supreme court
The authority of a court to hear a case
A case in which a defendant is tried for committing a crime a…
A case involving a noncriminal matter such as a contract disp…
Inferior Courts
The lower federal courts, beneath the supreme court
Jurisdiction
The authority of a court to hear a case
15 terms
American Government: Supreme Court Cases
Baker v. Carr
Brandenburg v. Ohio
Brown v. Board of Education
Gibbons v. Ogden
(1962) Guaranty Clause does not prevent courts from having th…
(1969) Speech that does not call for illegal action is protec…
(1954, 1955) Overturned Plessy case. Racially segregated publ…
(1824) Steamboats on the Hudson River. The Constitution gives…
Baker v. Carr
(1962) Guaranty Clause does not prevent courts from having th…
Brandenburg v. Ohio
(1969) Speech that does not call for illegal action is protec…
45 terms
American government and politics Supreme Court
Who decided Marbury v Madison
What slave tried to buy his freedom?
A slave tried to buy his freedom
Only president to also serve as a chie…
John Marshall
Dread Scott
Dread Scott v Sanford
Taft
Who decided Marbury v Madison
John Marshall
What slave tried to buy his freedom?
Dread Scott
21 terms
American Government-Supreme Court Cases
Marbury v. Madison (1803)
McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)
Gibbons v. Ogden (1824)
Dred Scott v. Sanford (1857)
In this case, which set the precedent for judicial review, th…
in this case, it was found that state laws which blocked vali…
In this case, between two shipping companies, the Supreme Cou…
The Dred Scott Decision in the Supreme Court decided that Afr…
Marbury v. Madison (1803)
In this case, which set the precedent for judicial review, th…
McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)
in this case, it was found that state laws which blocked vali…
13 terms
Supreme Court Cases-American Government
Brown v Board of Education
Dred Scott v Sandford
Escobedo v Illinois
Gibbons v Ogden
court declared state laws establishing segregated schools wer…
Supreme Court ruled that Africans could not sue in a federal…
criminal suspects have a right to counsel during police inter…
supreme court has the power to regulate interstate commerce
Brown v Board of Education
court declared state laws establishing segregated schools wer…
Dred Scott v Sandford
Supreme Court ruled that Africans could not sue in a federal…
15 terms
American Government - Courts/Judicial Branch/Supreme Court
Justice (Supreme Court)
Elastic Clause
Marbury vs. Madison (1803)
Term
...
...
...
...
Justice (Supreme Court)
...
Elastic Clause
...
9 terms
MTCHS American Government Supreme Court Justices
Chief Justice John Roberts Jr
Justice Antonin Scalia
Justice Anthony Kennedy
Justice Clarence Thomas
Merrell's Picture looks younger than this
Chief Justice John Roberts Jr
Justice Antonin Scalia
21 terms
American Government Landmark Supreme Court Cases
Marbury vs. Madison (1803)
McCulloch vs. Maryland (1819)
Gibbons vs. Ogden (1824)
Dred Scott vs. Sanford (1857)
Judicial review
States laws cannot block federal powers
waterways cannot be owned by and Congress has the right to re…
slaves could not become citizens, this decision was moot afte…
Marbury vs. Madison (1803)
Judicial review
McCulloch vs. Maryland (1819)
States laws cannot block federal powers
21 terms
American Government Test 3 Supreme Court Justices
How many Men are on the Supreme Court?
How many Women are on the Supreme Court?
Which Justice is a swing vote?
All Justices went to Harvard or Yale b…
5
3
Anthony Kennedy
Ruth Bader Ginsberg (Colombia)
How many Men are on the Supreme Court?
5
How many Women are on the Supreme Court?
3
28 terms
American Government Exam 3: The Supreme Court
doctrine of stare decisis
judicial review
Marbury vs Madison
senatorial courtesy
also called precedent - the practice of of basing judicial de…
the power of the US supreme court to declare federal and stat…
landmark case that made Judicial Review constitutional
a custom that allows a senator of the president's political p…
doctrine of stare decisis
also called precedent - the practice of of basing judicial de…
judicial review
the power of the US supreme court to declare federal and stat…
American Government supreme court cases for test 2
plessy v. ferguson (1896)
Brown decision (1954)
Shelby county v. Holder (2013)
University of California Regents v. Ba…
legalized segregation
seperate was not equal
supreme court took down provision in the 9 states
use of racial quotas was unconstitutional
plessy v. ferguson (1896)
legalized segregation
Brown decision (1954)
seperate was not equal
5 terms
American Government Leading Supreme Court Cases
Marbury v. Madison
Martin V. Hunter's Lessee
McCulloch v. Maryland
Scott v. Sandford
This case establishes the Supreme Court's power of Judicial R…
Justice Story affirmed the Court's power to override state co…
Questioned whether or not Congress had the power to establish…
The 1857 Supreme Court decision ruling that a slave who had e…
Marbury v. Madison
This case establishes the Supreme Court's power of Judicial R…
Martin V. Hunter's Lessee
Justice Story affirmed the Court's power to override state co…
12 terms
American Government: Chapter 12 (The Supreme Court)
Original jurisdiction
Appellate jurisdiction
Supreme Court
Legislative intenet
The Supreme Court's original jurisdiction includes four kinds…
defined by congress, this is the authority the court has to r…
the highest judicial court in country or state, consisting of…
a legislature's understanding of the meaning of a law and wha…
Original jurisdiction
The Supreme Court's original jurisdiction includes four kinds…
Appellate jurisdiction
defined by congress, this is the authority the court has to r…
20 terms
American Government MT2 Supreme Court Cases
Marbury v. Madison
McCulloch v. Maryland
Gibbons v. Odgen
Dred Scott v. Sanford
Declared part of the Judiciary Act unconstitutional, establis…
Justified "implied powers" of the government under Constituti…
Established supremacy of the federal government over the sate…
People of African origin brought to the US as part of the sla…
Marbury v. Madison
Declared part of the Judiciary Act unconstitutional, establis…
McCulloch v. Maryland
Justified "implied powers" of the government under Constituti…
35 terms
Landmark Supreme Court Cases American Government CLEP
Marbury v. Madison ... (1803)
McCulloch v. Maryland... (1819)
Gibbons v. Ogden... (1824)
Plessy v. Ferguson... (1896)
Established Judicial Review; "midnight judges"; John Marshall…
Established national supremacy; established implied powers; u…
Established a broad interpretation of the Commerce Clause; de…
Established "separate but equal." Gave Supreme Court approval…
Marbury v. Madison ... (1803)
Established Judicial Review; "midnight judges"; John Marshall…
McCulloch v. Maryland... (1819)
Established national supremacy; established implied powers; u…
20 terms
Supreme Court Cases - American Government - Amato
Plessy V. Ferguson
Brown V. Board of Education
Heart of Atlanta Hotel V. US
Barron V. Baltimore
*Attempted to sit in an all-white railroad car. After refusin…
*This case is a consolidation of several different cases from…
*Prior to passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (the Act),…
* The Plaintiff, Baron (Plaintiff), a wharf owner sued the De…
Plessy V. Ferguson
*Attempted to sit in an all-white railroad car. After refusin…
Brown V. Board of Education
*This case is a consolidation of several different cases from…
82 terms
Honors American Government - Notable Supreme Court Cases
Abrahams v United States 1919
Agostini v Felton 1997
Alden v Maine 1999
American Insurance Association v Garam…
Decision: Congress could make it illegal to criticize the US…
Decision: it was appropriate for the court to reconsider Agui…
Decision: Congress does not have the power to force States to…
Decision: California's Holocaust Victim Insurance Relief Act…
Abrahams v United States 1919
Decision: Congress could make it illegal to criticize the US…
Agostini v Felton 1997
Decision: it was appropriate for the court to reconsider Agui…
12 terms
American Government Exam 1 - Supreme Court Cases
Romer v. Evans
McCulloch v. MD
US v. Lopez
Barron v. Baltimore
1996
1819
1995
1833
Romer v. Evans
1996
McCulloch v. MD
1819
12 terms
American Government Current Justices of the Supreme Court
John G. Roberts, Jr.
Antonin Scalia
Anthony M. Kennedy
Clarence Thomas
John G. Roberts, Jr.
Antonin Scalia
Anthony M. Kennedy
Clarence Thomas
John G. Roberts, Jr.
John G. Roberts, Jr.
Antonin Scalia
Antonin Scalia
10 terms
American Government Final: Landmark Supreme Court Cases
Marbury v. Madison
McCulloch v. Maryland
Gibbons v. Ogden
Plessy V. Ferguson
Established the concept of judicial review
Reinforced the Supremacy Clause and the use of implied powers.
Expanded the meaning of the commerce clause giving Congress m…
Established the principle of "separate but qual".
Marbury v. Madison
Established the concept of judicial review
McCulloch v. Maryland
Reinforced the Supremacy Clause and the use of implied powers.
29 terms
Texas and American Government Exam 3 (Supreme Court)
Advisory Opinion
Amicus Curiae
Appeal
Appellant
An opinion rendered in a hypothetical case.
Friend of the court. A third party who presents a brief to a…
A request from the losing party in a case that the decision b…
The party who appeals a decision from a lower to a higher cou…
Advisory Opinion
An opinion rendered in a hypothetical case.
Amicus Curiae
Friend of the court. A third party who presents a brief to a…
22 terms
Government- Supreme Court
Article III
Article II
Article I
Judiciary Act of 1789
Which article established the judicial branch?
Which article established the executive branch?
Which article established the legislative branch?
helped create the Supreme Court. It organized the Supreme Cou…
Article III
Which article established the judicial branch?
Article II
Which article established the executive branch?
54 terms
Supreme Court Cases (American Government CLEP pt. 3)
Stare Decisis
Writ of Certoriari
Lemon Test
Solicitor General
Also known as precedent, this is the idea that prior judgment…
Usually issued when a higher court wants to review the judgem…
The ruling that all decisions made by the government must hav…
Represents the US in Supreme Court cases.
Stare Decisis
Also known as precedent, this is the idea that prior judgment…
Writ of Certoriari
Usually issued when a higher court wants to review the judgem…
Longwell - American Government - EOC Review - (9) Supreme Court Cases
Marbury v. Madison (1803)
McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)
Gibbons v. Ogden (1824)
Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)
The decision established the Court's power of judicial review…
Maryland imposes taxes on Second Bank of the United States. C…
Supreme Court decision that ruled that the Constitution gave…
Supreme Court case (1896) Legalized segregation under the Con…
Marbury v. Madison (1803)
The decision established the Court's power of judicial review…
McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)
Maryland imposes taxes on Second Bank of the United States. C…
30 terms
Government Supreme Court Decisions
Marbury v Madison
McCulloch v Maryland
Gibbons v Ogden
Plessy v Ferguson
established judicial review as a power of the Supreme Court
States can't tax the federal government and national governme…
defined and expanded interstate commerce
Created the separate but equal doctrine
Marbury v Madison
established judicial review as a power of the Supreme Court
McCulloch v Maryland
States can't tax the federal government and national governme…
26 terms
Government--Unit 7 Supreme Court
Article III
Article II
Article I
Judiciary Act of 1789
Which article established the judicial branch?
Which article established the executive branch?
Which article established the legislative branch?
helped create the Supreme Court. It organized the Supreme Cou…
Article III
Which article established the judicial branch?
Article II
Which article established the executive branch?
25 terms
American Government - Supreme Court Cases - Case Names to Case Ruling
Marbury v. Madison
McCulloch v. Maryland
Plessy v. Ferguson
Weeks v. United States
Gave the Supreme Court the power of judicial review
Gave the federal government power over state government
This decision upheld racial segregation
This decision states that law enforcement must have probable…
Marbury v. Madison
Gave the Supreme Court the power of judicial review
McCulloch v. Maryland
Gave the federal government power over state government
37 terms
AP Government Supreme Court Cases
Marbury vs. Madison (1803)
McCulloch vs. Maryland (1819)
Gibbons vs. Ogden (1824)
Dred Scott vs. Sandford (1857)
Case in which the supreme court first asserted th power of Ju…
Court ruled that congress did have authority to charter bank,…
Established a broad view of the commerce clause when a federa…
Justice Taney's opinion in this case stated that slave owners…
Marbury vs. Madison (1803)
Case in which the supreme court first asserted th power of Ju…
McCulloch vs. Maryland (1819)
Court ruled that congress did have authority to charter bank,…
31 terms
American Supreme Court Final
First Amendment
Incorporation of First Amendment
Prayer in School
Engel v. Vitale
Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of rel…
1925 for free speech: Gitlaw v. New York... 1940 for religious…
Congress and many state legislatures start each session with…
United States Supreme Court case that ruled it is unconstitut…
First Amendment
Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of rel…
Incorporation of First Amendment
1925 for free speech: Gitlaw v. New York... 1940 for religious…
25 terms
American Government - Supreme Court Cases - Articles and Years to Cases
Marbury v. Madison
McCulloch v. Maryland
Plessy v. Ferguson
Weeks v. United States
Article 3 - 1803
Article 6 - 1819
Amendments 13 & 14 - 1896
Amendment 4 - 1914
Marbury v. Madison
Article 3 - 1803
McCulloch v. Maryland
Article 6 - 1819
17 terms
African American Civil Rights 1865-1992 - Federal government - Supreme Court
Slaughterhouse Case 1873
US v Cruikshank 1876
Plessy v Ferguson 1896
Mississippi v Williams 1898
Rights of citizens should stay under State control rather tha…
Enforcement Act which empowered Federal officers to take acti…
It was decided that the racial segregation of railway carriag…
The poll tax voting qualification was constitutional. It was…
Slaughterhouse Case 1873
Rights of citizens should stay under State control rather tha…
US v Cruikshank 1876
Enforcement Act which empowered Federal officers to take acti…
24 terms
PSCI 2000: American National Government Supreme Court Cases
*McCulloch Vs. Maryland 1819
*Marbury vs. Madison 1803
Schenck v. United States 1919
Texas v. Johnson 1989
Helped establish how powers are distributed between the feder…
The most important case in Supreme Court history, was the fir…
the Supreme Court invented the famous "clear and present dang…
man burned American flag as protest against Reagan admin.; pr…
*McCulloch Vs. Maryland 1819
Helped establish how powers are distributed between the feder…
*Marbury vs. Madison 1803
The most important case in Supreme Court history, was the fir…
32 terms
AP Government Supreme Court Cases
Marbury v. Madison (1803)
Gibbons v. Ogden (1824)
McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)
Engel v. Vitale (1962)
Established judicial review (the right to judge the constitut…
Ruled that the state of New York could not grant a steamship…
The Court ruled that states did not have the power to tax the…
Prohibited state-sponsored recitation of prayer in public sch…
Marbury v. Madison (1803)
Established judicial review (the right to judge the constitut…
Gibbons v. Ogden (1824)
Ruled that the state of New York could not grant a steamship…
8 terms
Government Supreme Court Cases
McCulloch v Maryland
United States v Richard Nixion
Marbury v Madison
Gideon v Wainwright
interpreted the necessary and proper clause to allow for impl…
limiting the power of us president
established the doctrine of judicial review
everyone has the right to a lawyer
McCulloch v Maryland
interpreted the necessary and proper clause to allow for impl…
United States v Richard Nixion
limiting the power of us president
16 terms
Government, Supreme Court
Article 3, Section 1
Judiciary Act 1789
Federal District Courts
Jurisdiction
Judicial Power
Created Federal District Courts
94, Most trials begin and end. More than 600 Judges hear 300,…
Authority of court to hear and decide case
Article 3, Section 1
Judicial Power
Judiciary Act 1789
Created Federal District Courts
9 terms
2015 02 18 AP American Government and Politics Supreme Court Cases
Baker v Carr
Barron v Baltimore
Bethel School District v Fraser
Boy Scouts of America v Dale
Baker v. Carr, 369 U.S. 186 (1962), was a landmark United Sta…
Barron v. Baltimore, 32 U.S. (7 Pet.) 243 (1833), is a United…
Bethel School District v. Fraser, 478 U.S. 675 (1986), was a…
Boy Scouts of America et al. v. Dale, 530 U.S. 640 (2000), wa…
Baker v Carr
Baker v. Carr, 369 U.S. 186 (1962), was a landmark United Sta…
Barron v Baltimore
Barron v. Baltimore, 32 U.S. (7 Pet.) 243 (1833), is a United…
50 terms
Government Supreme Court Cases
Miranda v. Arizona... Situation/Context
Plaintiffs argument (Miranda)
Defendants argument (Arizona)
Courts decision
1966... Ernesto miranda was arrested for kidnaping and rape... Volu…
Stated his confession should be thrown out because he didn't…
Confession wasn't forced... He had the right to remain silent... No…
Miranda won for individual rights
Miranda v. Arizona... Situation/Context
1966... Ernesto miranda was arrested for kidnaping and rape... Volu…
Plaintiffs argument (Miranda)
Stated his confession should be thrown out because he didn't…
AP Government- The Supreme Court
Appellate juridiction
Senatorial courtesy
Writ of CERTIORARI
Rule of four
The authority of a court to hear an appeal from a lower court.
An unwritten tradition whereby the Senate will not confirm no…
An order by the Supreme Court direction a lower court to send…
The Supreme Court will hear a case if four justices agree to…
Appellate juridiction
The authority of a court to hear an appeal from a lower court.
Senatorial courtesy
An unwritten tradition whereby the Senate will not confirm no…
12 terms
Government Supreme Court cases
Marbury versus Madison
Plessy versus Ferguson
Brown versus the Topeka Board of Educa…
The university of California medical b…
Does the Supreme Court have the right to exercise judicial re…
Is the separate but equal doctrine lawful and consultation?
Is a separate but equal doctrine constitutional?
Affirmative action programs are constitutional
Marbury versus Madison
Does the Supreme Court have the right to exercise judicial re…
Plessy versus Ferguson
Is the separate but equal doctrine lawful and consultation?
28 terms
Government - Supreme Court Cases (General)
Brandenberg v. Ohio (1969)
Brown v. Board of Education (1954)
Chaplinsky v. New Hampshire (1942)*
Dred Scott v. Sanford (1857)
Speech can be prohibited if directed at inciting or producing…
Ends segregation in public schools/places. Overturned "separa…
"fighting words" are not protected speech under 1st Amendment…
Slaves are property; nullifies notion of popular sovereignty.
Brandenberg v. Ohio (1969)
Speech can be prohibited if directed at inciting or producing…
Brown v. Board of Education (1954)
Ends segregation in public schools/places. Overturned "separa…
23 terms
American Gov. Supreme Court
Criminal Law
Plaintiff
Defendant
Civil Law
dispute where government is the plaintiff
person complaining (aka petitioner)
person being challenged (aka respondent)
dispute between two citizens; no criminal charge is involved
Criminal Law
dispute where government is the plaintiff
Plaintiff
person complaining (aka petitioner)
34 terms
American Gov. Supreme court
Citizens United v. FEC
Courts of Appeal
Amicus Curiae Brief
Standing
2010 case regarding campaign spending. Says First Amendment p…
Decides appeals from the district courts and sometimes other…
Brief written by someone who is not a party in a case but sub…
the requirement establishing that for a plaintiff to bring a…
Citizens United v. FEC
2010 case regarding campaign spending. Says First Amendment p…
Courts of Appeal
Decides appeals from the district courts and sometimes other…
18 terms
Government: Supreme Court Cases
Schenck vs USA
Gitlow vs New York
Chaplinsky vs New Hampshire
Brandenburg vs Ohio
Clear and Present Danger was established.
Threshold issue: does the First Amendment apply to the states…
Fighting words are NOT allowed.
Speech that is abstract advocacy of force or violence cannot…
Schenck vs USA
Clear and Present Danger was established.
Gitlow vs New York
Threshold issue: does the First Amendment apply to the states…
90 terms
Supreme Court Cases - AP Government
*Fletcher v. Peck (1810)
*McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)
*Gibbons v. Ogden (1824)
*Wickard v. Filburn (1942)
State may not act to void valid contracts.
Implied powers of Congress and supremacy of Congressional acts
Power of Congress to legislate over matters that affect intra…
Most expansive commerce Clause interpretation: aggregation of…
*Fletcher v. Peck (1810)
State may not act to void valid contracts.
*McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)
Implied powers of Congress and supremacy of Congressional acts
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