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Study sets matching "supreme court unit 4"

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Study sets matching "supreme court unit 4"

18 terms
Unit 4 Supreme Court
Judicial activism
Judicial restraint
Original jurisdiction
Appellate jurisdiction
Court should play an active role in determining national poli…
Holds that the court should avoid taking the initiative on so…
Court here is inside the case for the first time. Term used t…
Apology is diction is the power of the Supreme Court to hear…
Judicial activism
Court should play an active role in determining national poli…
Judicial restraint
Holds that the court should avoid taking the initiative on so…
10 terms
unit 4 supreme court
Gideon v. Wainwright
Miranda v. AZ
New Jersey v. T.L.O
Terry v. Ohio
Facts of the Case ... Clarence Earl Gideon was charged in Florid…
Facts of the Case ... The Court was called upon to consider the…
Facts of the Case ... T.L.O. was a high school student. School o…
Facts of the Case ... Terry and two other men were observed by a…
Gideon v. Wainwright
Facts of the Case ... Clarence Earl Gideon was charged in Florid…
Miranda v. AZ
Facts of the Case ... The Court was called upon to consider the…
19 terms
Unit 4: Supreme Court Cases
Marbury v. Madison, 1803
McCulloch v. Maryland, 1819
Gibbons v. Ogden, 1824
Schenck v United States, 1919
Established a precedent of judicial review giving the Supreme…
Maryland tried to tax the Bank of the US. SC declared that be…
Conflict regarding steamboat and interstate commerce. SC side…
1st amendment issue regarding free speech in wartime. SC set…
Marbury v. Madison, 1803
Established a precedent of judicial review giving the Supreme…
McCulloch v. Maryland, 1819
Maryland tried to tax the Bank of the US. SC declared that be…
33 terms
Unit 4: Supreme Court
Judicial Review established through Ma…
Judicial Review extended to state gove…
Death of Scalia
Thomas given only a 'qualified' rankin…
1803
1810
2016
1991
Judicial Review established through Ma…
1803
Judicial Review extended to state gove…
1810
11 terms
Unit 4 - Supreme Court
aggravating circumstances
compensatory damages
concurring opinion
dissenting opinion
factors that increases the severity or culpability of a crimi…
monetary compensation awarded to a harmed party in a civil ca…
written opinion by one or more judges of a court which agrees…
opinion in a legal case written by one or more judges express…
aggravating circumstances
factors that increases the severity or culpability of a crimi…
compensatory damages
monetary compensation awarded to a harmed party in a civil ca…
34 terms
Unit 4: Supreme Court
Supreme Court created by?
When was Judiciary Act made?
Where in the Constitution?
Current Chief Justice?
Judiciary Act
September 24, 1789
Article 3
John G. Roberts Jr.
Supreme Court created by?
Judiciary Act
When was Judiciary Act made?
September 24, 1789
13 terms
Unit 4: The Supreme Court
The power of the supreme court to decl…
A justice who interprets the constitut…
State government
1803- Marbury vs. Madison
What is judicial review?
What is a strict constructionist?
Which type of government do strict constructionists support?
When was judicial review precedent set?
The power of the supreme court to decl…
What is judicial review?
A justice who interprets the constitut…
What is a strict constructionist?
7 terms
Unit 4 Supreme Court Test
Gideon v. Wainwright
Miranda v. Arizona
Terry v. Ohio
US. v. Ross
Facts: Gideon was charged with breaking into a poolroom and w…
Facts: Miranda was arrested, brought to the station, and ques…
Facts: A plain clothes policeman saw the potential of "a stic…
Facts: The policemen got a tip that Ross was selling drugs fr…
Gideon v. Wainwright
Facts: Gideon was charged with breaking into a poolroom and w…
Miranda v. Arizona
Facts: Miranda was arrested, brought to the station, and ques…
12 terms
Unit 4 Judical Branch - Supreme Court
jurisdiction
orginal jurisdiction
concurrent jurisdiction
judicial review
the authority of a court to hear a case
the requirement or authority of a court to be the first to he…
power shared by federal and state courts to hear certain cases
the power of the courts to declare laws unconstitutional
jurisdiction
the authority of a court to hear a case
orginal jurisdiction
the requirement or authority of a court to be the first to he…
19 terms
Unit 4: Supreme Court Cases
Marbury v. Madison, 1803
McCulloch v. Maryland, 1819
Gibbons v. Ogden, 1824
Schenck v United States, 1919
Established a precedent of judicial review giving the Supreme…
Maryland tried to tax the Bank of the US. SC declared that be…
Conflict regarding steamboat and interstate commerce. SC side…
1st amendment issue regarding free speech in wartime. SC set…
Marbury v. Madison, 1803
Established a precedent of judicial review giving the Supreme…
McCulloch v. Maryland, 1819
Maryland tried to tax the Bank of the US. SC declared that be…
53 terms
Unit 4 - The Supreme Court
Structure of the federal courts
How many appeals circuits are there (i…
How many district courts are there?
Last 4 chief justices and their years…
1) Supreme Court... 2) Courts of Appeal/State Supreme Courts... 3)…
13
94
-Earl Warren (1953-1969)... -Warren Burger (1969-1986)... -William…
Structure of the federal courts
1) Supreme Court... 2) Courts of Appeal/State Supreme Courts... 3)…
How many appeals circuits are there (i…
13
The Supreme Court unit 4
Which case gave the SC the power of ju…
Which article sets out the power of th…
Who decides the number of justices?
What do chief justices do?
Marbury vs Madison 1803
3
Congress
Set the tone of the court
Which case gave the SC the power of ju…
Marbury vs Madison 1803
Which article sets out the power of th…
3
15 terms
Unit 4 Supreme Court Cases
Brown v. Board of Education
Gideon v. Wainwright
Miranda v. Arizona
New Jersey v. TLO
Overruled Plessy v. Ferguson and abandoned the separate-but-e…
Government must provide counsel (an attorney) to all people i…
Anyone accused of a crime must be informed of their due proce…
School officials are not held to the same search and seizure…
Brown v. Board of Education
Overruled Plessy v. Ferguson and abandoned the separate-but-e…
Gideon v. Wainwright
Government must provide counsel (an attorney) to all people i…
10 terms
unit 4: supreme court cases
mcculloch v. maryland facts
mcculloch v. maryland issue and opinion
gibbons v. ogden facts
gibbons v. ogden issue and opinion
In 1816, Congress chartered The Second Bank of the United Sta…
MAIN QUESTIONS: 1)Did Congress have the authority to establis…
In this case Thomas Gibbons -- a steamboat owner who did busi…
MAIN QUESTION: Did the State of New York exercise authority i…
mcculloch v. maryland facts
In 1816, Congress chartered The Second Bank of the United Sta…
mcculloch v. maryland issue and opinion
MAIN QUESTIONS: 1)Did Congress have the authority to establis…
36 terms
Unit 4: Supreme Court Cases
Barron v Baltimore
Engel v Vitale
Lemon v Kurtzman
Wisconsin v Yoder
The bill of rights is an exclusive check on the federal gover…
The reading of a prayer at the start of school day violates t…
Statutes that provide state funding for non-public, non-secul…
Individuals interests in the free exercise of religion outwei…
Barron v Baltimore
The bill of rights is an exclusive check on the federal gover…
Engel v Vitale
The reading of a prayer at the start of school day violates t…
17 terms
Unit 4: Supreme Court Cases
Gitlow v. New York (1925)
Near v. Minnesota (1931)
New York Times Co. v. U.S. (1971)
Miller v. California (1973)
Kayla... Gitlow v. New York was a supreme court decision in whic…
Kayla... Near v. Minnesota (1931) was a landmark decision of the…
Ronald... Known as the "Pentagon Papers Case," the Nixon Adminis…
Anthony. ... Marvin Miller, an owner/operator of a California ma…
Gitlow v. New York (1925)
Kayla... Gitlow v. New York was a supreme court decision in whic…
Near v. Minnesota (1931)
Kayla... Near v. Minnesota (1931) was a landmark decision of the…
19 terms
Unit 4: Supreme Court Cases
Marbury v. Madison
McCulloch v. Maryland
Gibbons v. Ogden
Schenck v United States
Established a precedent of judicial review giving the Supreme…
Maryland tried to tax the Bank of the US. SC declared that be…
Conflict regarding steamboat and interstate commerce. SC side…
1st amendment issue regarding free speech in wartime. SC set…
Marbury v. Madison
Established a precedent of judicial review giving the Supreme…
McCulloch v. Maryland
Maryland tried to tax the Bank of the US. SC declared that be…
12 terms
Unit 4 Supreme Court Cases
Marbury v Madison 1803
Gibbons v Ogden 1824
Scott v Sanford 1857
Plessy v Ferguson 1898
Established Judicial Review
Monopoly invalid because it involved more than one state (Com…
Missouri Compromise violates 5th Amendment because took away…
Separate but equal agree with the 14th Amendment
Marbury v Madison 1803
Established Judicial Review
Gibbons v Ogden 1824
Monopoly invalid because it involved more than one state (Com…
6 terms
Unit 4 Supreme Court Cases
Near v. Minnesota
New York Times v. Sullivan
United States v. Harris
Buckley v. Valeo
Set a precedent that the government does not censor the press…
Established the actual malice standard, which has to be met b…
The Legislative Reorganization Act of 1946 covers only attemp…
SCOTUS upheld limits on contributions to candidates; it also…
Near v. Minnesota
Set a precedent that the government does not censor the press…
New York Times v. Sullivan
Established the actual malice standard, which has to be met b…
12 terms
Supreme Court Cases unit 4
Marbury v. Madison (1803, Marshall)
Fletcher v. Peck (1810, Marshall)
McCulloch v. Maryland (1819, Marshall)
Dartmouth College v. Woodward (1819, M…
The court established its role as the arbiter of the constitu…
The decision stems from the Yazoo land cases, 1803, and uphol…
The Court ruled that states cannot tax the federal government…
New Hampshire had attempted to take over Dartmouth College by…
Marbury v. Madison (1803, Marshall)
The court established its role as the arbiter of the constitu…
Fletcher v. Peck (1810, Marshall)
The decision stems from the Yazoo land cases, 1803, and uphol…
19 terms
Unit 4: Supreme Court Cases
Marbury v. Madison, 1803
McCulloch v. Maryland, 1819
Gibbons v. Ogden, 1824
Schenck v United States, 1919
Established a precedent of judicial review giving the Supreme…
Maryland tried to tax the Bank of the US. SC declared that be…
Conflict regarding steamboat and interstate commerce. SC side…
1st amendment issue regarding free speech in wartime. SC set…
Marbury v. Madison, 1803
Established a precedent of judicial review giving the Supreme…
McCulloch v. Maryland, 1819
Maryland tried to tax the Bank of the US. SC declared that be…
11 terms
Unit 4: Supreme Court Cases
Fletcher v. Peck
McCullock v. Maryland
Dartmouth College v. Woodward
Gibbons v. Ogden
The state couldnt invalidate a land grant or charter.... Increa…
Maryland cannot tax national Bank.... Decreasing states rights.
When Darthmouth was strived to be a public institution, court…
Court ruled NY was not able to grant monopoly to steamboat co…
Fletcher v. Peck
The state couldnt invalidate a land grant or charter.... Increa…
McCullock v. Maryland
Maryland cannot tax national Bank.... Decreasing states rights.
Supreme Court cases: unit 4
Engel v. Vitale
Gitlow v. New York
Near v. Minnesota
Texas v. Johnson
No school prayer because of establishment clause
Apply freedom of speech to states
Freedom of press was incorporated to states and said there co…
Symbolic speech is protected by freedom of speech
Engel v. Vitale
No school prayer because of establishment clause
Gitlow v. New York
Apply freedom of speech to states
25 terms
unit 4- supreme court cases
Marbury v. Madison (1803)
McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)
Dred Scott v. Sanford (1857)
Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)
-Separation of power... -Marbury was entitled to judge but denie…
-Federalism (state v. federal government) ... -Bank of the Unite…
-5th amendment, slavery, Missouri Compromise of 1820... -Dred Sc…
-14th amendment (equal protection)... -Louisiana law that mandat…
Marbury v. Madison (1803)
-Separation of power... -Marbury was entitled to judge but denie…
McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)
-Federalism (state v. federal government) ... -Bank of the Unite…
34 terms
Unit 4 supreme court cases
Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)
Schenck v. US (1919)
Gitlow v. New York (1925)
Brown v. Board, 1st (1954)
Issue: Louisiana had law for separate black and white railway…
Issue: This guy sent pamphlets to draftees in World War 1 say…
Issue: this guy was distributing social manifestos that calle…
Issue: black children were denied admission to public schools…
Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)
Issue: Louisiana had law for separate black and white railway…
Schenck v. US (1919)
Issue: This guy sent pamphlets to draftees in World War 1 say…
38 terms
Supreme Court Cases (Unit 4)
Marbury v Madison
Hazelwood v Kuhlmeier
New Jersey v T.L.O
Bethel School District v Fraser
Establishes judicial review
Limit school press
Schools allowed to search with "reasonable suspicion"
Limit school speech
Marbury v Madison
Establishes judicial review
Hazelwood v Kuhlmeier
Limit school press
104 terms
Gov - Supreme Court Unit 4
for what does being registered to vote…
cases involving what comprise most of…
generally what kind of justice will a…
what is the term for "a friend of the…
draft
major issues, questions constitutional rights
republican = conservative, democrat = liberal
amicus luriae
for what does being registered to vote…
draft
cases involving what comprise most of…
major issues, questions constitutional rights
16 terms
Unit 4 -- Supreme Court and Law
District Courts
Appellate Courts
Jurisdiction
Magistrate Judges
Lowest level of fed. courts, where fed. cases begin &trials a…
Courts hearing cases appealed from a lower court.
An area of authority or control; the right to administer just…
judges who support federal district judges by hearing and dec…
District Courts
Lowest level of fed. courts, where fed. cases begin &trials a…
Appellate Courts
Courts hearing cases appealed from a lower court.
15 terms
Unit 4: Supreme Court Cases
marbury v Madison
mcCulloch v Maryland
gibbons v Ogden
schenck v usa
Established a precedent of judicial review giving the Supreme…
Maryland tried to tax the Bank of the US. SC declared that be…
Conflict regarding steamboat and interstate commerce. SC side…
1st amendment issue regarding free speech in wartime. SC set…
marbury v Madison
Established a precedent of judicial review giving the Supreme…
mcCulloch v Maryland
Maryland tried to tax the Bank of the US. SC declared that be…
24 terms
Unit 4 Lecture 26 The Supreme Court
Background
Key Powers of SC
Power of Judicial Review (established…
Original Jurisdiction of SC
A. Only court mentioned in Constitution. Article III.... B. Cons…
Power of Judicial Review (established by Marbury v. Madison,…
a. More than 1000 state laws have been declared unconstitutio…
1. Two or more states.... 2. Ambassador/diplomats... 3. U.S. and a…
Background
A. Only court mentioned in Constitution. Article III.... B. Cons…
Key Powers of SC
Power of Judicial Review (established by Marbury v. Madison,…
12 terms
Unit 4 Judical Branch - Supreme Court
jurisdiction
orginal jurisdiction
concurrent jurisdiction
judicial review
the authority of a court to hear a case
the requirement or authority of a court to be the first to he…
power shared by federal and state courts to hear certain cases
the power of the courts to declare laws unconstitutional
jurisdiction
the authority of a court to hear a case
orginal jurisdiction
the requirement or authority of a court to be the first to he…
AP Gov Unit 4 - Supreme Court Cases
Marbury v. Madison (1803)
McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)
Worcester v. Georgia (1832)
Dred Scott v. Sanford (1857)
Established judicial review
Established national supremacy
Treaties between US Gov. and Native Americans were the suprem…
Declared slaves were property and could be taken anywhere
Marbury v. Madison (1803)
Established judicial review
McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)
Established national supremacy
12 terms
Unit 4 Judical Branch - Supreme Court
jurisdiction
original jurisdiction
concurrent jurisdiction
judicial review
the authority of a court to hear a case
the authority of a trial court to be first to hear a case
power shared by federal and state courts to hear certain cases
the powerr of the courts to declare las unconstituional
jurisdiction
the authority of a court to hear a case
original jurisdiction
the authority of a trial court to be first to hear a case
12 terms
Unit 4 (Supreme Court & The Judicial Branch)
Activist Approach
Amicus Curiae
Briefs
Class action suits
The view that judges should discern the general principles un…
a brief submitted by a "friend of the court"
a written by an attorney that summarizes a case and the laws…
a case brought by someone to help him or her and all others s…
Activist Approach
The view that judges should discern the general principles un…
Amicus Curiae
a brief submitted by a "friend of the court"
36 terms
key supreme court cases and vocab for unit 4
Atkins V. Virginia
Baker V. Carr
Barron v. Baltimore
Brown v. Board of Education
Mental retardation can be used as a criminal defense.Forbade…
"One man, one vote." Ordered state legislative districts to b…
Supreme Court decision holding that the Bill of Rights restra…
The Supreme Court decision holding that the school segregatio…
Atkins V. Virginia
Mental retardation can be used as a criminal defense.Forbade…
Baker V. Carr
"One man, one vote." Ordered state legislative districts to b…
AP GOV Unit 4 Supreme Court Cases
U.S. Term Limits v. Thornton, 1995
27th Amendment
commerce clause
Elastic Clause/Necessary and Proper Cl…
-CA 1990s: limits-House serve 3 terms in total of 6 yrs; Sena…
prevents salary raises for taking effect until the following…
the clause of the Constitution (Article I, Section 8, Clause…
clause of the Constitution (Article I, Section 8, Clause 18)…
U.S. Term Limits v. Thornton, 1995
-CA 1990s: limits-House serve 3 terms in total of 6 yrs; Sena…
27th Amendment
prevents salary raises for taking effect until the following…
23 terms
Ap-Government Unit 4 Supreme Court Cases
Civil Liberties Gitlow V Newyork
Civil Liberties Engel V Vitale 1962
Civil Liberties Near V Minnesota 1931:
Civil Liberties Schenck v USA 1919
First case incorporating bill of rights ( free speach and fre…
Public school sponsored prayer violation of establishment cla…
Newspapers protected against prior restraint
Speech can be limited if it presents a "clear and present dan…
Civil Liberties Gitlow V Newyork
First case incorporating bill of rights ( free speach and fre…
Civil Liberties Engel V Vitale 1962
Public school sponsored prayer violation of establishment cla…
6 terms
APUSH Unit 4: Supreme Court Cases
Fletcher v. Peck
Dartmouth College v. Woodward
Martin v. Hunter's Lessee
McCulloch v. Maryland
- 1810... - Protected property rights against popular pressures,…
- 1819... - Marshall ruled that the original charter must stand…
- 1816... - Supreme Court and Justice Marshall overruled the VA…
- 1819... - Dealt w/ the division of land between the federal go…
Fletcher v. Peck
- 1810... - Protected property rights against popular pressures,…
Dartmouth College v. Woodward
- 1819... - Marshall ruled that the original charter must stand…
9 terms
APUSH Unit 4: Supreme Court Cases
Charles River Bridge v Warren Bridge
Fletcher v Peck
Dartmouth v Woodward
McCulloch v Maryland
1803; debate over whether a federal law was unconstitutional…
1810; constitutionality of a state law and sanctity of a cont…
1819; sanctity of a contract (contracts are inviolable and st…
1819; can a state tax a federal entity and constitutionality…
Charles River Bridge v Warren Bridge
1803; debate over whether a federal law was unconstitutional…
Fletcher v Peck
1810; constitutionality of a state law and sanctity of a cont…
31 terms
112-136 Unit 4 The Supreme Court and Amendments
how many in Supreme Court... nominated by…
Steps of a supreme court case (6)
judicial activism
Constitution in article 3 says what ab…
9 justices life term (5 conservatives, 4 liberals)... president…
1. rule of 4 (at least 4 agree on a case)... 2. briefs are submi…
when supreme court makes law (judicial overreach)... --> Judicia…
1. subject matter: federal issue should be resolved in federa…
how many in Supreme Court... nominated by…
9 justices life term (5 conservatives, 4 liberals)... president…
Steps of a supreme court case (6)
1. rule of 4 (at least 4 agree on a case)... 2. briefs are submi…
24 terms
Unit 4 Lecture 26 The Supreme Court
Background
Key Powers of SC
Power of Judicial Review (established…
Original Jurisdiction of SC
A. Only court mentioned in Constitution. Article III.... B. Cons…
Power of Judicial Review (established by Marbury v. Madison,…
a. More than 1000 state laws have been declared unconstitutio…
1. Two or more states.... 2. Ambassador/diplomats... 3. U.S. and a…
Background
A. Only court mentioned in Constitution. Article III.... B. Cons…
Key Powers of SC
Power of Judicial Review (established by Marbury v. Madison,…
16 terms
Supreme Court Cases: Unit 4C
Marbury v. Madison
McCulloch v. Maryland
Gibbons v. Ogden
USA v. Nixon
Supremacy Clause. Created judicial review.
Supremacy Clause. Federal over STATE. Necessary and Proper Cl…
Supremacy Clause. Federal over STATE. GO= going back and four…
Checks and Balances. No one is above the law. Nixon didn't wa…
Marbury v. Madison
Supremacy Clause. Created judicial review.
McCulloch v. Maryland
Supremacy Clause. Federal over STATE. Necessary and Proper Cl…
20 terms
Unit 4C Vocabulary (Supreme Court)
Judicial Review
Constitutional Law
Jurisdiction
exclusive jurisdiction
Courts (the judicial branch) can declare acts of the legislat…
The rights stated in the federal and state constitution.
The official power to make legal decisions and judgements.
Power of the federal courts to ALONE hear a certain case.
Judicial Review
Courts (the judicial branch) can declare acts of the legislat…
Constitutional Law
The rights stated in the federal and state constitution.
Unit 4 & 5 Branches of Government/Supreme Court decision
Bicameral Legislature
House of Representatives
Senate
Impeachment
A law making body composed of an upper and lower house
Lower house of congress whose size is determined by population
Upper house of congress where representation is equal
Process by which any government official if charged with a cr…
Bicameral Legislature
A law making body composed of an upper and lower house
House of Representatives
Lower house of congress whose size is determined by population
26 terms
Supreme Unit 4
あめ
ゆき
くもり
ふぶき
rainy
snowy
cloudy
blizzard
あめ
rainy
ゆき
snowy
8 terms
Unit 4 Essay Question 6 "Supreme court decision making"
US supreme court has how many justices?
4 steps
US supreme court is a consurent
4 Areas of Original Jurisdiction in Su…
US supreme court has 9 justices
1.)what court cases come to hear ... 2.)how we will hear those c…
-Us Supreme court must hear all original jurisdiction court c…
1.)USA and a state are at odds... -goes immediately to US Suprem…
US supreme court has how many justices?
US supreme court has 9 justices
4 steps
1.)what court cases come to hear ... 2.)how we will hear those c…
40 terms
Supreme Court of the United States
Original jurisdiction:
Appellate jurisdiction:
Original intent:
Federal district courts:
a court has original jurisdiction if it is the first court to…
the power of a court to hear cases that are on appeal from lo…
when justices look at what the authors of the Constitution or…
lowest level of the federal court system. There are 94 distri…
Original jurisdiction:
a court has original jurisdiction if it is the first court to…
Appellate jurisdiction:
the power of a court to hear cases that are on appeal from lo…
15 terms
Unit 6: The Supreme Court
Anthony Kennedy
Antonin Scalia
Clarence Thomas
Elena Kagan
Anthony Kennedy
Antonin Scalia
8 terms
Supreme Court Unit
Cruel & Unusual
Lemon Law 3 Prong Test
Due Process
Establishment Clause
#8-Prohibits cruel and unusual punishment.
1-Secular... 2-Neither advances or inhibits... 3-No excessive gover…
#14-Students must be afforded an informal hearing with school…
#1-Prohibits government from creating a state-sponsored relig…
Cruel & Unusual
#8-Prohibits cruel and unusual punishment.
Lemon Law 3 Prong Test
1-Secular... 2-Neither advances or inhibits... 3-No excessive gover…
30 terms
Unit IV Supreme Court Cases
Gitlow v. New York (1925)
McDonald v. Chicago (2010)
Lemon v. Kurtzman (1971)
Engel v. Vitale (1962)
Court uses 14th Amendment to apply some 1st Amendment protect…
incorporated 2nd Amendment that allows the people to keep and…
laws must... 1. Have a secular purpose... 2. Neither advance nor in…
organized prayer in public schools can't be held
Gitlow v. New York (1925)
Court uses 14th Amendment to apply some 1st Amendment protect…
McDonald v. Chicago (2010)
incorporated 2nd Amendment that allows the people to keep and…
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