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Study sets matching "surgical disorders"

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Study sets matching "surgical disorders"

71 terms
Surgical Disorders
Neonatal Red Flags
TE Fistula development
TE Fistula... -Presentation
Comorbidities of TE Fistula
Maternal polyhydramnios--> backs up in baby... Delayed meconium…
Tracheal and pulm tissue develop at weeks 4-6.... --> due to Dys…
Excessive salivation... Cough, choking... Resp. distress, cyanosis…
Vertebral anomalies... Anal atresia... Cardiac anomalies... *Tra…
Neonatal Red Flags
Maternal polyhydramnios--> backs up in baby... Delayed meconium…
TE Fistula development
Tracheal and pulm tissue develop at weeks 4-6.... --> due to Dys…
61 terms
surgical disorders of foals
What is the essential problem in guttu…
What are the features of GP anatomy?
What are the typical clinical signs of…
is it GP tympany more common in fillie…
The guttural pouch becomes a one way valve allowing air in bu…
-Diverticula of the eustachian tube... -Divided by the stylohyoi…
Air swelling of the parotid region... Respiratory noise... Nasal di…
fillies
What is the essential problem in guttu…
The guttural pouch becomes a one way valve allowing air in bu…
What are the features of GP anatomy?
-Diverticula of the eustachian tube... -Divided by the stylohyoi…
53 terms
Medical and Surgical disorders in pregnancy
Diabetes Mellitus
Macrosomia
Post-partum uterine atony
@ 24-28wks, a 1hr glucose tolerance te…
Diabetes Mellitus... Can occur during (gestational) or antece…
This is the term for a large fetus weighing 4-4,500grams?
This may be seen after delivery of fetus where uterus is not…
This is the # 1 screening test done if suspicion of DM during…
Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes Mellitus... Can occur during (gestational) or antece…
Macrosomia
This is the term for a large fetus weighing 4-4,500grams?
24 terms
Medical-Surgical: Thyroid Disorders
Which disease is the most common type…
Which factor in Ms. Pool's history pla…
Which term should the nurse use when d…
Which additional clinical manifestatio…
Graves disease.
Her age and gender.
Exophthalamos.
Tachycardia and palpitations.... Diarrhea and weight loss.... Anxie…
Which disease is the most common type…
Graves disease.
Which factor in Ms. Pool's history pla…
Her age and gender.
48 terms
medical surgical disorders
mitral valve prolapse
don't get pregnant because more MI wil…
marfan syndrome
peripartum cardiomyopathy
common, late systolic murmur, SOB
risk of pregnancy after myocardial infarction
increase death d/t rupture of aorta
left ventricle, heart transplant
mitral valve prolapse
common, late systolic murmur, SOB
don't get pregnant because more MI wil…
risk of pregnancy after myocardial infarction
Surgical management of voice disorders
five types of "phonosurgery"
Is surgery needed for nodules?
When is polyp surgery necessary? What…
What happens in surgery for Rienke's e…
1. removal of pathological tissue... 2.surgical correction of po…
1. remove nodules only in extreme cases... 2. only nodule remove…
Remove if voice therapy is not successful or if polyp is larg…
1. Surgery is almost always indicated... 2. incision made on sup…
five types of "phonosurgery"
1. removal of pathological tissue... 2.surgical correction of po…
Is surgery needed for nodules?
1. remove nodules only in extreme cases... 2. only nodule remove…
18 terms
Non-Surgical Hip Disorders
Transient Synovitis
Slipped Femoral Capital Epiphysis
Legg-Calve Perthes Disease
Congenital Hip Dislocation
Idiopathic, nonbacterial inflammation of the synovial membran…
Displacement of the femoral head on the femoral neck. It is i…
Osteochondritis of the femoral capital epiphysis with eventua…
Spontaneous dislocation before, during or shortly after birth…
Transient Synovitis
Idiopathic, nonbacterial inflammation of the synovial membran…
Slipped Femoral Capital Epiphysis
Displacement of the femoral head on the femoral neck. It is i…
87 terms
medical surgical disorders
ASD
VSD
PDA
coarctation of aorta
asymptomatic ... uncomplicated prego... may experience right sided…
dx and tx early ... larger = more complications (arrhythmias, HF…
- dx and tx in infancy... - complications: arrhythmias, HF, PHTN…
- typically doesn't complicate prego ... - complications: HTN, C…
ASD
asymptomatic ... uncomplicated prego... may experience right sided…
VSD
dx and tx early ... larger = more complications (arrhythmias, HF…
25 terms
Non-surgical hip disorders
Slipped Femoral Capital Epiphysis
Congenital Hip dislocation
Legg-Calve Parthes Disease
Transient synovitis
displacement of the femoral head on the femoral neck... males>fe…
spontaneous dislocation before, during, or shortly after birt…
osterochondritis of the femoral capital epiphysis with eventu…
idiopathic, nonbacterial inflammation of the synovial membran…
Slipped Femoral Capital Epiphysis
displacement of the femoral head on the femoral neck... males>fe…
Congenital Hip dislocation
spontaneous dislocation before, during, or shortly after birt…
21 terms
Surgical Bowel Disorders
Ischemic Bowel Disease: Definition
Ischemic Bowel Disease: Causes
Ischemic Bowel Disease: Signs and Symp…
Ischemic Bowel Disease: Diagnosis
Ischemic Bowel Disease (also known as Mesenteric Ischemia) oc…
-Embolism... -Thrombosis... -Low Blood Flow
Presents similarly to Angina... -Abdominal pain out of proportio…
-Angiography: precise anatomic vascular compromise.... -CT: reve…
Ischemic Bowel Disease: Definition
Ischemic Bowel Disease (also known as Mesenteric Ischemia) oc…
Ischemic Bowel Disease: Causes
-Embolism... -Thrombosis... -Low Blood Flow
99 terms
Non-Surgical Hip Disorders
Slipped femoral capital epiphysis etio…
Slipped femoral capital epiphysis epid…
Slipped femoral capital epiphysis path…
Slipped femoral capital epiphysis Clin…
Idiopathic- because of hormonal abnormality causing increased…
Males > females - usually early puberty (age 11-13)... 30% cases…
Sudden or gradual anterior displacement of the femoral head o…
Pain & Abnormal biomechanics... Hip IR, ABD, and Flex are most a…
Slipped femoral capital epiphysis etio…
Idiopathic- because of hormonal abnormality causing increased…
Slipped femoral capital epiphysis epid…
Males > females - usually early puberty (age 11-13)... 30% cases…
25 terms
Non-Surgical Bowel Disorders
Celiac Disease: Definition
Celiac Disease: Epidemiology
Celiac Disease: Pathophysiology
Celiac Disease: Presentation (S&S)
A chronic digestive disorder characterized by the inability t…
Most prevalent in Western Europe and the United States.... -Fema…
Epithelial invasion by Lymphocytes, which results in destruct…
-Gastrointestinal symptoms: Diarrhea (45-85%)- Considered "mo…
Celiac Disease: Definition
A chronic digestive disorder characterized by the inability t…
Celiac Disease: Epidemiology
Most prevalent in Western Europe and the United States.... -Fema…
109 terms
Surgical Disorders of the Stomach
what is the most common foreign body?
True or false: gastric foreign bodies…
what is the most dangerous bone?
Gastric fb are most common in young or…
bone
true!!- always examine the MOUTH- bones can wrap around mandi…
pork- makes very thorny pieces
young dogs... but cats are prone to LINEAR foreign bodies
what is the most common foreign body?
bone
True or false: gastric foreign bodies…
true!!- always examine the MOUTH- bones can wrap around mandi…
99 terms
Surgical Disorders of the Stomach
What are the 5 main surgical disorders…
What is the most common foreign body?
What is the most dangerous bone foreig…
Why do chicken bones rarely cause prob…
1. Foreign bodies... 2. Pyloric stenosis/ hypertrophy... 3. Neoplas…
Bones
Pork is the most dangerous because they can splinter and pier…
They are pneumatic so they can be broken down easily by the b…
What are the 5 main surgical disorders…
1. Foreign bodies... 2. Pyloric stenosis/ hypertrophy... 3. Neoplas…
What is the most common foreign body?
Bones
34 terms
fluid disorders in the surgical patient
now talking
significant third space loses occur with
which are the scenarios in which there…
what do these hypotonic losses create
volume depletion
burns, crush injuries, long bone fractures, peritonitis, seve…
diabetes insipidus, increased evaporative losses from the ski…
hyper-natremic, hyper-osmolor state in which the extracellula…
now talking
volume depletion
significant third space loses occur with
burns, crush injuries, long bone fractures, peritonitis, seve…
72 terms
Surgical Management of Musculoskeletal Disorders in Cattle
Septic arthritis is an infectious join…
List some causes of non-infectious joi…
What is the pathogenesis of septic art…
What is a primary pathogenesis of sept…
trauma... hematogenous... extension from surrounding tissues
degenerative joint disease, OCD, trauma (soft tissue/ligament…
synovial inflammation --> villus hypertrophy --> increased sy…
Sepsis caused by direct trauma into a joint
Septic arthritis is an infectious join…
trauma... hematogenous... extension from surrounding tissues
List some causes of non-infectious joi…
degenerative joint disease, OCD, trauma (soft tissue/ligament…
97 terms
Peds Exam 1: Surgical Disorders
Neonatal red flags
Inability of the fetus to swallow/dige…
What to consider in evaluating *perina…
2 types of tissue that develop from th…
Maternal polyhydramnios... Delayed meconium passage... Abdominal di…
Maternal polyhydramnios
Is it bilious or non-bilious (to locate pathology)
Tracheal and pulmonary
Neonatal red flags
Maternal polyhydramnios... Delayed meconium passage... Abdominal di…
Inability of the fetus to swallow/dige…
Maternal polyhydramnios
53 terms
Exam 10 PM Surgical Disorders
Equinus
how much DF with the knee extended do…
What is the compensation that happens…
How do you check if a patient has suff…
-muscular gastrocnemius or gastro-soleal equinus is limitatio…
100 degrees is needed for normal gait
Pronation ... This will add up to 10 degrees of DF
Make sure the foot is in subtalar neutral or supinated
Equinus
-muscular gastrocnemius or gastro-soleal equinus is limitatio…
how much DF with the knee extended do…
100 degrees is needed for normal gait
15 terms
disorder, surgical, diagnostic terms
epispadias
hypospadias
polycystic kidney disease
renal caluclus
congenital defect in which the urinary meatus is located on t…
congenital defect in which the urinary meatus is located on t…
condition in which the kidney contains many cysts and is enla…
stone in kidney
epispadias
congenital defect in which the urinary meatus is located on t…
hypospadias
congenital defect in which the urinary meatus is located on t…
8 terms
Surgical Disorders End of Chapter Questions
insert no. 8 French suction catheter t…
esophageal atresia with distal tracheo…
esophageal atresia with tracheoesophag…
causes pulmonary hypoplasia of both lu…
The best first action in suspected choanal atresia
The most common tracheosophageal fistula and esophageal atres…
Patient: drooling newborn, polyhydramnios in utero, suspected…
3 facts about congenital diaphragmatic hernia
insert no. 8 French suction catheter t…
The best first action in suspected choanal atresia
esophageal atresia with distal tracheo…
The most common tracheosophageal fistula and esophageal atres…
Surgical Management of Musculoskeletal Disorders in Cattle
Septic arthritis is an infectious join…
List some causes of non-infectious joi…
What is the pathogenesis of septic art…
What is a primary pathogenesis of sept…
trauma... hematogenous... extension from surrounding tissues
degenerative joint disease, OCD, trauma (soft tissue/ligament…
synovial inflammation --> villus hypertrophy --> increased sy…
Sepsis caused by direct trauma into a joint
Septic arthritis is an infectious join…
trauma... hematogenous... extension from surrounding tissues
List some causes of non-infectious joi…
degenerative joint disease, OCD, trauma (soft tissue/ligament…
83 terms
Medical Surgical Nursing - Integumentary Disorders
Functions of skin
Epidermis
Dermis
Hypodermis
Protect underlying tissues, act as a surface barrier, adipose…
Top layer, layers of epithelial cells
Inner layer, functions to provide tensile strength, mechanica…
Subcutaneous fatty tissue
Functions of skin
Protect underlying tissues, act as a surface barrier, adipose…
Epidermis
Top layer, layers of epithelial cells
300 terms
ATI - Medical Surgical - Cardiovascular Disorders
Cardiovascular Disorders - Diagnostic…
Cardiovascular Disorders - Diagnostic…
Cardiovascular Disorders - Diagnostic…
Cardiovascular Disorders - Diagnostic…
Cardiovascular diagnostic procedures evaluate the functioning…
o Cardiac enzymes (cardiac markers) and lipid profile... o Echoc…
• Cardiac enzymes are released into the bloodstream when the…
A lipid profile provides information regarding cholesterol le…
Cardiovascular Disorders - Diagnostic…
Cardiovascular diagnostic procedures evaluate the functioning…
Cardiovascular Disorders - Diagnostic…
o Cardiac enzymes (cardiac markers) and lipid profile... o Echoc…
72 terms
Surgical Management of Musculoskeletal Disorders in Cattle
Septic arthritis is an infectious join…
List some causes of non-infectious joi…
What is the pathogenesis of septic art…
What is a primary pathogenesis of sept…
trauma... hematogenous... extension from surrounding tissues
degenerative joint disease, OCD, trauma (soft tissue/ligament…
synovial inflammation --> villus hypertrophy --> increased sy…
Sepsis caused by direct trauma into a joint
Septic arthritis is an infectious join…
trauma... hematogenous... extension from surrounding tissues
List some causes of non-infectious joi…
degenerative joint disease, OCD, trauma (soft tissue/ligament…
35 terms
Surgical and Medical Management of Laryngeal Disorders
Phonosurgery
Laryngeal Framework Surgery
Phonosurgery used for...
Laryngeal Framework Surgery used for...
- surgery performed directly on vocal folds to remove or repa…
- open-neck surgery that restructures cartilaginous famework…
- repeat nodules... - polyps... - granuloma... - papilloma... - dysplasia…
treatment of vocal fold/paralysis/paresis ... - does not have to…
Phonosurgery
- surgery performed directly on vocal folds to remove or repa…
Laryngeal Framework Surgery
- open-neck surgery that restructures cartilaginous famework…
35 terms
Surgical Disease 608_Thigh, Pelvis, and Hip Disorders
Quadriceps Contusion
Myositis Ossificans
Quadriceps Muscle Strain/Rupture
Hamstrings Strains/Rupture
1. Results from severe impact to relaxed thigh that compresse…
1. follows traumatic hematomas to anterior thigh disruption o…
1. Occurs from sudden stretch or contracture - fall on bent k…
1. 2nd most prevalent injury in sports - exact cause unknown…
Quadriceps Contusion
1. Results from severe impact to relaxed thigh that compresse…
Myositis Ossificans
1. follows traumatic hematomas to anterior thigh disruption o…
13 terms
Chapter 30: Medical-Surgical Disorders
Cardiac decompensation
Atrial Septal Defect (ASD)
Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD)
Patent Ductus Arteriousus (PDA)
Inability of the heart to maintain a sufficient cardiac output
Abnormal opening between the atria.
Abnormal opening between the right and left ventricles
Condition in which the ductus arteriosus does not close. The…
Cardiac decompensation
Inability of the heart to maintain a sufficient cardiac output
Atrial Septal Defect (ASD)
Abnormal opening between the atria.
9 terms
chapter 13 diseases, disorders, surgical
labyrinthitis
myringitis
otalgia
otomycosis
inflammation of the labyrinth (inner ear)
inflammation of the tympanic membrane
pain in the ear
abnormal condition of fungus in the ear
labyrinthitis
inflammation of the labyrinth (inner ear)
myringitis
inflammation of the tympanic membrane
14 terms
chapter 12 diseases and disorders/ surgical
Aphakia
Blepharoptosis
diplopia
keratomalacia
condition of without lens
drooping of the eyelid
double vision
softening of the cornea
Aphakia
condition of without lens
Blepharoptosis
drooping of the eyelid
16 terms
Ch. 7 diseases & disorders/surgical
Variocele
Phimosis
Testicular cancer
Erectile dysfunction
Enlarged veins of the spermatic cord
Tightness of the prepuce
Cancer of the testicle
Inability to attain or maintain an erection
Variocele
Enlarged veins of the spermatic cord
Phimosis
Tightness of the prepuce
23 terms
common bleeding disorders in the surgical patient
now talking
what is DIC
causes of DIC include
release of tissue debris into the bloo…
DIC
intravascular coagulopathy with thrombosis
release of tissue debris into the blood stream, or introducti…
trauma, or obstetric catastrophes
now talking
DIC
what is DIC
intravascular coagulopathy with thrombosis
173 terms
Chapter 30: Medical-Surgical Disorders
What are the major cardiovascular (CV)…
What may cause cardiac decompensation…
True or False... Incidence of congenital…
True or False:... The degree of disabilit…
Increased intravascular volume... Decreased systemic vascular re…
If myocardial disease develops... If valvular disease exists... If…
TRUE
TRUE
What are the major cardiovascular (CV)…
Increased intravascular volume... Decreased systemic vascular re…
What may cause cardiac decompensation…
If myocardial disease develops... If valvular disease exists... If…
83 terms
Medical Surgical Nursing - Integumentary Disorders
Functions of skin
Epidermis
Dermis
Hypodermis
Protect underlying tissues, act as a surface barrier, adipose…
Top layer, layers of epithelial cells
Inner layer, functions to provide tensile strength, mechanica…
Subcutaneous fatty tissue
Functions of skin
Protect underlying tissues, act as a surface barrier, adipose…
Epidermis
Top layer, layers of epithelial cells
83 terms
Medical Surgical Nursing - Integumentary Disorders
Functions of skin
Epidermis
Dermis
Hypodermis
Protect underlying tissues, act as a surface barrier, adipose…
Top layer, layers of epithelial cells
Inner layer, functions to provide tensile strength, mechanica…
Subcutaneous fatty tissue
Functions of skin
Protect underlying tissues, act as a surface barrier, adipose…
Epidermis
Top layer, layers of epithelial cells
13 terms
Chapter 30: Medical-Surgical Disorders
Cardiac decompensation
Atrial Septal Defect (ASD)
Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD)
Patent Ductus Arteriousus (PDA)
Inability of the heart to maintain a sufficient cardiac output
Abnormal opening between the atria.
Abnormal opening between the right and left ventricles
Condition in which the ductus arteriosus does not close. The…
Cardiac decompensation
Inability of the heart to maintain a sufficient cardiac output
Atrial Septal Defect (ASD)
Abnormal opening between the atria.
10 terms
Ch 30 medical-surgical disorders
changes that affect women with cardiac…
anemia during pregnancy
iron deficiency anemia
sickle sell trait
-increased intravascular volume... -decreased systemic vascular…
-results in reduction of oxygen-carrying capacity of the bloo…
-generally preventable or treated with iron supplements
-sickling of RBC but with normal life span
changes that affect women with cardiac…
-increased intravascular volume... -decreased systemic vascular…
anemia during pregnancy
-results in reduction of oxygen-carrying capacity of the bloo…
35 terms
Exam 4 Surgical Bowel Disorders
What occurs when blood supply to the i…
There are three main etiologies that c…
Chronic ischemia presents similarly to…
Acute ischemia presents how?
Ischemic Bowel Disease (also known as Mesenteric Ischemia). R…
■ Embolism- Arterial blood clot becomes lodged.... ■ Thrombosis-…
"Angina," where significant pain starts 10-30 minutes after e…
Ischemia comes on suddenly.
What occurs when blood supply to the i…
Ischemic Bowel Disease (also known as Mesenteric Ischemia). R…
There are three main etiologies that c…
■ Embolism- Arterial blood clot becomes lodged.... ■ Thrombosis-…
15 terms
Voice Disorders - Medical and Surgical Management
KTP Laser
Patient Acoustical Quality
Patient Aerodynamic Efficiency
head register pathology
-green light laser... -coagulates blood vessels like photoshop
-Breathy... -strained... -raspy... -harsh... -voice breaks/cracks... -loss o…
-loss of loudness... -loss of control... -limited range... -register t…
-tonsil/adenoid disease... -allergy... -post-nasal drip/URI... -vocal…
KTP Laser
-green light laser... -coagulates blood vessels like photoshop
Patient Acoustical Quality
-Breathy... -strained... -raspy... -harsh... -voice breaks/cracks... -loss o…
Voice Disorders - Medical and Surgical Management
KTP Laser
Patient Acoustical Quality
Patient Aerodynamic Efficiency
head register pathology
-green light laser... -coagulates blood vessels like photoshop
-Breathy... -strained... -raspy... -harsh... -voice breaks/cracks... -loss o…
-loss of loudness... -loss of control... -limited range... -register t…
-tonsil/adenoid disease... -allergy... -post-nasal drip/URI... -vocal…
KTP Laser
-green light laser... -coagulates blood vessels like photoshop
Patient Acoustical Quality
-Breathy... -strained... -raspy... -harsh... -voice breaks/cracks... -loss o…
43 terms
PM_Non-Surgical Hip Disorders
Muscles that attach to the iliac crest
Muscles that attach to the ASIS
Muscles that attach to the AIIS
Muscles that attach to the greater tro…
abdominals
satorius
rectus femoris
glute med & min
Muscles that attach to the iliac crest
abdominals
Muscles that attach to the ASIS
satorius
18 terms
electrolyte disorders in the surgical patient - Hypercalemia
what is hypercalcemia
some causes of hyerp-calcemia are
90% of patients with hypercalcemia, th…
malignancies can cause hyper-parathyro…
total serum calcium greater than 11
hyper-parathyroidism...or metastatic breast cancer
primary hyper-parathyroidism
bony involvement, or PTH production
what is hypercalcemia
total serum calcium greater than 11
some causes of hyerp-calcemia are
hyper-parathyroidism...or metastatic breast cancer
36 terms
Neonatal Surgical Disorders (Exam 3)
____ is an absence of a normal body op…
____ is an abnormal passage from an in…
General Considerations of Congenital M…
Blockage of the nasal airway by membra…
Atresia
Fistula
-Rare disorders... -Emergency conditions... -Affects preterm and te…
Choanal Atresia
____ is an absence of a normal body op…
Atresia
____ is an abnormal passage from an in…
Fistula
23 terms
Chapter 30: Medical-Surgical Disorders
When caring for a pregnant woman with…
Which condition would require prophyla…
Which information should the nurse tak…
A woman has experienced iron deficienc…
ANS: D... Signs of cardiac decompensation include dyspnea; crac…
ANS: A... Prophylaxis for intrapartum endocarditis and pulmonar…
ANS: B... Bed rest may be ordered, with or without bathroom pri…
ANS: C... The nurse should recognize that dark stools are a com…
When caring for a pregnant woman with…
ANS: D... Signs of cardiac decompensation include dyspnea; crac…
Which condition would require prophyla…
ANS: A... Prophylaxis for intrapartum endocarditis and pulmonar…
Medical/ Surgical Nursing Nursing Management of Vascular Disorders
Aneurysms
Aortic dissection
Etiology and Pathophysiology of Aortic…
Thoracic aorta aneurysm
Outpouchings or dilations of the arterial wall, at least on v…
Often misnamed "dissecting aneurysm" ... Not a type of aneurysm…
Can be in more than one location: risk of rupture or clot in…
often asymptomatic... Most common manifestation... -deep diffuse c…
Aneurysms
Outpouchings or dilations of the arterial wall, at least on v…
Aortic dissection
Often misnamed "dissecting aneurysm" ... Not a type of aneurysm…
14 terms
electrolyte disorders in the surgical patient - Hypomagnesemia
magnesium is important because it is
in which surgical patients do you see…
when magnesium is deficient, what also…
when magnesium deficiency is severe, w…
a cofactor for many metabolic enzymes
in starvation state, or with G.I. losses, or with absorption…
potassium and phosphorus
calcium...because the PTH release is inhibited
magnesium is important because it is
a cofactor for many metabolic enzymes
in which surgical patients do you see…
in starvation state, or with G.I. losses, or with absorption…
41 terms
medical and surgical management of voice disorders
Phonosurgeries - 5 Major Groups
Phonosurgeries
Endolaryngeal Microsurgery
granulomas
1.For removal of pathological tissue... 2.Surgical correction of…
Removal of Benign lesions - chronic/hard nodules; large polyp…
Used for removal of benign and cancerous lesions... Done w/ use…
pretty simple, slice off the granuloma
Phonosurgeries - 5 Major Groups
1.For removal of pathological tissue... 2.Surgical correction of…
Phonosurgeries
Removal of Benign lesions - chronic/hard nodules; large polyp…
28 terms
Surgical and Medical Management of Laryngeal Disorders
Surgery: 2 basic types
Phonosurgery Used for:
Types of Phonosurgery
Phonomicrosurgery
-Phonosurgery... •Surgery performed directly on vocal folds to r…
•Treatment of various lesions:... -Repeat nodules... -Polyps... -Granu…
•1) Phonomicrosurgery... -microsurgery of the vocal folds done t…
•Surgery performed via suspension microlaryngoscopy... •Endoscop…
Surgery: 2 basic types
-Phonosurgery... •Surgery performed directly on vocal folds to r…
Phonosurgery Used for:
•Treatment of various lesions:... -Repeat nodules... -Polyps... -Granu…
12 terms
electrolyte disorders in the surgical patient - Hypophosphatemia
what is the amount of phosphorus excre…
hypophosphatemia is common
when phosphorus is low, there is also…
three causes of hypo-phosphatemia are
PTH levels
in surgical patients
potassium and magnesium
inadequate uptake, or increased excretion, or compartmental s…
what is the amount of phosphorus excre…
PTH levels
hypophosphatemia is common
in surgical patients
57 terms
Hypercalcemia, Hypercalcemia, electrolyte disorders in the surgical patient - Hypercalemia
What effect does PTH have on phosphorus?
What are the levels defining hypercalc…
PTH causes (1)________ calcium and pho…
_________ reduces calcium levels by in…
A common source of confusion is that PTH causes high Ca but g…
Serum total calcium >12mg/dl... Serum ionised calicum >1.4 mmol/L
1. increased... 2. phosphorus... 3. calcium... 4. calcium... 5. phosphorus
Calcitonin
What effect does PTH have on phosphorus?
A common source of confusion is that PTH causes high Ca but g…
What are the levels defining hypercalc…
Serum total calcium >12mg/dl... Serum ionised calicum >1.4 mmol/L
51 terms
Surgical and Medical Management of Laryngeal Disorders
What are the two basic types of surgery?
What is phonosurgery?
what is laryngeal framework surgery?
What is phonosurgery used for?
-phonosurgery ... -Laryngeal Framework Surgery
surgery performed directly on vocal folds to remove or repair…
open-neck surgery that restructures the cartilaginous framewo…
repeat nodules... polyps... granuloma... papilloma... dysplasia... reinkes e…
What are the two basic types of surgery?
-phonosurgery ... -Laryngeal Framework Surgery
What is phonosurgery?
surgery performed directly on vocal folds to remove or repair…
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