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Study sets matching "synthesis decomposition"

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Study sets matching "synthesis decomposition"

9 terms
Synthesis & Decomposition
If two compounds combine in a synthesi…
A decomposition reaction is when a com…
If an ionic compound starts with a met…
What are the differences between Synth…
SYNTHESIS = PUT TOGETHER OR ASSEMBLE.
DECOMPOSITION=TO TAKE APART OR BREAK DOWN INTO SMALLER PIECES
Roman numeral... Charge... I+1... II+2... III+3... IV+4... V+5... VI+6
• Decomposition is the opposite of synthesis.... • Synthesis is…
If two compounds combine in a synthesi…
SYNTHESIS = PUT TOGETHER OR ASSEMBLE.
A decomposition reaction is when a com…
DECOMPOSITION=TO TAKE APART OR BREAK DOWN INTO SMALLER PIECES
16 terms
Synthesis and Decomposition
nonmetal oxide + water
SO2 + H2O
N2O3 + H2O
CO2 + H2O
acid
H2SO3
2 HNO2
H2CO3
nonmetal oxide + water
acid
SO2 + H2O
H2SO3
10 terms
Synthesis & Decomposition
A + X → AX
NmO + H₂O → HNmOx
MO + H₂O → MOH
NmO + MO → MNmOx
synthesis... element/compound + element/compound → compound
synthesis... nonmetallic oxide + water → acid
synthesis... metallic oxide + water → base/metallic hydroxide
synthesis... nonmetallic oxide + metallic oxide → salt
A + X → AX
synthesis... element/compound + element/compound → compound
NmO + H₂O → HNmOx
synthesis... nonmetallic oxide + water → acid
12 terms
Synthesis & Decomposition
metal + nonmetal
nonmetal + nonmetal
metal + oxygen
nonmetal + oxygen
salt
binary molecule (no charges, given)
metal oxide
nonmetal oxide (covalent)
metal + nonmetal
salt
nonmetal + nonmetal
binary molecule (no charges, given)
9 terms
Synthesis & Decomposition
Combination of elements.... Fe + S →
Combination of a nonmetallic oxide wit…
Combination of a metallic oxide with w…
Combination of a nonmetallic oxide and…
FeS
to give an acid.... H₂SO₃(aq)
to form a base (metallic hydroxide).... 2NaOH
to form a salt.... Na₂CO₃(s)
Combination of elements.... Fe + S →
FeS
Combination of a nonmetallic oxide wit…
to give an acid.... H₂SO₃(aq)
5 terms
decomposition & synthesis
metal oxide
Metal carbonate
Metal hydroxide
Metal chlorate
Metal + O₂
Metal oxide + CO₂
Metal oxide + H₂O
Metal chloride + O₂
metal oxide
Metal + O₂
Metal carbonate
Metal oxide + CO₂
13 terms
Synthesis + Decomposition
S: Formation of Binary Compounds
S: MetalOxide + Water -> Base (OH)
S: NonmetalOxide+water -> acid
D: Binary Compounds
A+B=AB... Ex. 2Na+Cl2>2NaCl
MO+H2O>MOH... Ex. BaO+H2O>Ba(OH)2
(NM)O+H2O>acid... Ex. So2+H2O>H2SO3
AB>A+B... Ex. 2H2O>2H2+O2
S: Formation of Binary Compounds
A+B=AB... Ex. 2Na+Cl2>2NaCl
S: MetalOxide + Water -> Base (OH)
MO+H2O>MOH... Ex. BaO+H2O>Ba(OH)2
Synthesis & Decomposition
Simple Synthesis
Nonmetal Oxide and water
metal oxide and water
Simple binary
w/ oxygen, sulfur, and halogens
oxyacid
metal hydroxide
w/ O, S, and Halogens
Simple Synthesis
w/ oxygen, sulfur, and halogens
Nonmetal Oxide and water
oxyacid
13 terms
Synthesis & Decomposition
metal+oxygen
non-metal+oxygen
metal oxide+water
non-metallic oxide+water
metal oxide
nonmetallic oxide
metallic hydroxide
ACID
metal+oxygen
metal oxide
non-metal+oxygen
nonmetallic oxide
13 terms
Synthesis/ Decomposition
in a ???? reaction two or more simple…
element or compound +element or compou…
Combination of Elements
Combination of a nonmetallic oxide wit…
Synthesis
synthesis
A+X =AX... Fe + S = FeS
SO2 + H2O = H2SO3... CO2 + H2O = H2CO3... SO3 +H2O = H2SO4
in a ???? reaction two or more simple…
Synthesis
element or compound +element or compou…
synthesis
9 terms
Synthesis & Decomposition
Combination of elements.... Fe + S →
Combination of a nonmetallic oxide wit…
Combination of a metallic oxide with w…
Combination of a nonmetallic oxide and…
FeS
to give an acid.... H₂SO₃(aq)
to form a base (metallic hydroxide).... 2NaOH
to form a salt.... Na₂CO₃(s)
Combination of elements.... Fe + S →
FeS
Combination of a nonmetallic oxide wit…
to give an acid.... H₂SO₃(aq)
10 terms
Synthesis and Decomposition
element + element
metallic oxide + water
binary compound
metal bicarbonates
compound
metallic hydroxide
break down
metal carbonate + CO2 + H2O
element + element
compound
metallic oxide + water
metallic hydroxide
13 terms
Synthesis and Decomposition
Group IA or IIA + nonmetal
2 nonmetals
2 compounds or molecules
Metallic oxide + CO2
Salt
Molecular compound
Single product
Metallic carbonate
Group IA or IIA + nonmetal
Salt
2 nonmetals
Molecular compound
13 terms
Decomposition and Synthesis
metal carbonate
metal sulfite
metal hydroxide
oxyacid
metal oxide + carbon dioxide
metal oxide + SO2
metal oxide + water
water + nonmetallic oxide
metal carbonate
metal oxide + carbon dioxide
metal sulfite
metal oxide + SO2
10 terms
synthesis and decomposition
metal + oxygen
nonmetal + oxygen
metal oxide + water
nonmetallic oxide + water
metal oxide
nonmetallic oxide
metallic hydroxide
acid
metal + oxygen
metal oxide
nonmetal + oxygen
nonmetallic oxide
11 terms
Decomposition and Synthesis
Synthesis Reactions
Binary Compound (Synthesis)
Metal hydroxide (Synthesis)
Oxyacid (Synthesis)
Two or more substances combine to form a new compound
element + element = binary compound
Metal oxide + water = Metal hydroxide
Nonmetal oxide + water = oxyacid
Synthesis Reactions
Two or more substances combine to form a new compound
Binary Compound (Synthesis)
element + element = binary compound
10 terms
Synthesis and decomposition
Two or more elements combine
Nonmetal oxide combines with water
Metal oxide combines with water
Metal chloride combines with oxygen
Compound
Acid
Metal hydroxide
Metal chlorate
Two or more elements combine
Compound
Nonmetal oxide combines with water
Acid
Synthesis and Decomposition
HOBrFINCl
Bianary Compound synth
Synthesis of Metallic Carbonates
Synthesis of Metallic Chlorates
diatomics
A + B --> AB... ex. H2 + Cl2 --> 2HCl... Mg + O2 --> 2MgO
Metallic oxide + carbon dioxide --> metallic carbonate... ex. Na…
Metallic chloride + oxygen --> metallic chlorate... ex. MCl + O2…
HOBrFINCl
diatomics
Bianary Compound synth
A + B --> AB... ex. H2 + Cl2 --> 2HCl... Mg + O2 --> 2MgO
18 terms
Decomposition and Synthesis
metal carbonate
metal suflite
metal hydroxide
does not work with
metal oxide + CO₂ (g)
metal oxide + SO₂ (g)
metal oxide + H₂O (g)
KOH or NaOH
metal carbonate
metal oxide + CO₂ (g)
metal suflite
metal oxide + SO₂ (g)
10 terms
Decomposition and Synthesis
metal carbonate
metal sulfite
metal hydroxide
H2O2
metal oxide+CO2(g)
metal oxide+SO2(g)
metal oxide + H2O(g)
2H2O(L)+O2(g)
metal carbonate
metal oxide+CO2(g)
metal sulfite
metal oxide+SO2(g)
10 terms
Decomposition and Synthesis
Start with AB
Start with A+B
Compound
Base
A+B
AB
Compound+compound
metallic oxide+water
Start with AB
A+B
Start with A+B
AB
35 terms
Synthesis and Decomposition
Synthesis #1 Group Name
Synthesis #2 Group Name
Synthesis #3 Group Name
Synthesis #4 Group Name
combination of elemets
combination of a nonmetallic oxide with water to give an acid
combination of metallic oxide with water to form a base (meta…
combination of a nonmetallic oxide and a metallic oxide to fo…
Synthesis #1 Group Name
combination of elemets
Synthesis #2 Group Name
combination of a nonmetallic oxide with water to give an acid
Synthesis and Decomposition
Metal Oxide + Nonmetal Oxide -> Metal…
Metal Oxide + Water -> Metal Hydroxide
Nonmetal Oxide + Water -> Acid
Metal + Nonmetal -> Binary Salt
Na2O + CO2 -> Na2CO3
Na2O + H2O -> NaOH
CO2 + H2O -> H2CO3
Al + F2 -> AlF3
Metal Oxide + Nonmetal Oxide -> Metal…
Na2O + CO2 -> Na2CO3
Metal Oxide + Water -> Metal Hydroxide
Na2O + H2O -> NaOH
12 terms
Synthesis and decomposition
MetalSO3-->metalO+SO2
MetalCO3-->metalO+CO2
H2CO3-->H2O+CO2
H2SO3-->H2O+SO2
Metalic sulfites break down to yield metalic oxides and sulfu…
Metallic carbonate breaks down to yield metallic oxides and c…
Carbonic acid decomposes into water and carbon dioxide
Sulfurous acid decomposes into water and sulfur dioxide
MetalSO3-->metalO+SO2
Metalic sulfites break down to yield metalic oxides and sulfu…
MetalCO3-->metalO+CO2
Metallic carbonate breaks down to yield metallic oxides and c…
5 terms
synthesis and decomposition
metal chlorates
metal hydroxides
oxyacids
metal carbonates
decompose to produce metal chloride and oxygen
decompose to produce metal oxide and water
decompose into water and nonmetal oxide
decompose to produce metal oxide and carbon dioxide
metal chlorates
decompose to produce metal chloride and oxygen
metal hydroxides
decompose to produce metal oxide and water
13 terms
Decomposition and Synthesis
Carbonate Decomposition
Acid Decomposition
Base Decomposition
Chlorate Decomposition
XCO3
H-Polyatomic
XOH X=Metal
XClO3
Carbonate Decomposition
XCO3
Acid Decomposition
H-Polyatomic
10 terms
Synthesis and Decomposition
Fe(s) + S (L) --> FeS (s)
CO₂(g) + H₂O(L) --> H₂CO₃
CaO(s) +H₂O(L) --> Ca(OH)₂
SO₂ (g) + MgO (s) --> MgSO₃ (s)
synthesis, element + element --> compound
synthesis, nonmetallic oxide + water --> acid
synthesis, metallic oxide + water --> base
synthesis, nonmetallic oxide + metallic oxide --> salt
Fe(s) + S (L) --> FeS (s)
synthesis, element + element --> compound
CO₂(g) + H₂O(L) --> H₂CO₃
synthesis, nonmetallic oxide + water --> acid
9 terms
Synthesis and Decomposition
Fe + S
SO₂(g) + H₂O
Na₂O(s) + H₂O
CO₂ + Na₂O
FeS
H₂SO₃(aq)
2NaOH
Na₂CO₃(s)
Fe + S
FeS
SO₂(g) + H₂O
H₂SO₃(aq)
10 terms
Synthesis and Decomposition
Combine and form a compound
Metallic Oxide
Nonmetallic Oxide
Base
Two elements (synthesis)
Metal + Oxygen (synthesis)
Non-metal + Oxygen (Synthesis)
Metallic Oxide + H2o (Synthesis)
Combine and form a compound
Two elements (synthesis)
Metallic Oxide
Metal + Oxygen (synthesis)
10 terms
synthesis and decomposition
combination of ____________
Nonmetallic oxide + water --->
Metallic oxide + water --->
Nonmetallic oxide + metallic oxide --->
elements
acid
base (metallic hydroxide)
salt
combination of ____________
elements
Nonmetallic oxide + water --->
acid
13 terms
Synthesis and decomposition
Synth Metal + nonmetal
Synth metal +water
Synth Nonmetal + metal oxide
metal carbonates decompose to
Synth Salt
Synth Metal hydroxide
Synth Salt (ionic compound)
Dec Metal oxides and CO2
Synth Metal + nonmetal
Synth Salt
Synth metal +water
Synth Metal hydroxide
8 terms
Synthesis and decomposition
Metal + h2o
Non metal+ water
Non+ metal
Metal carbonate
OH
Acid
-Ate -ite
Metal oxide + CO2
Metal + h2o
OH
Non metal+ water
Acid
10 terms
Synthesis and Decomposition
Element+Element
Metal Oxide + H2O
Nonmetal Oxide + H2O
Metal Oxide + CO2
Compound
Metal Hydroxide
Acid
Metal Carbonate
Element+Element
Compound
Metal Oxide + H2O
Metal Hydroxide
10 terms
Synthesis and Decomposition
metal oxide + water
nonmetal oxide + water
nonmetal + metal
nonmetal oxide + metal oxide
metal hydroxide
acid
ionic compound
salt
metal oxide + water
metal hydroxide
nonmetal oxide + water
acid
Synthesis and decomposition
Metal + nonmetal
Nonmetal + nonmetal
Metal + oxygen
Nonmetal + oxygen
Salt
Binary molecule
Metal oxide
Nonmetal oxide
Metal + nonmetal
Salt
Nonmetal + nonmetal
Binary molecule
10 terms
Synthesis and Decomposition
Two elements added together is called...
Combination of a nonmetallic oxide wit…
Combination of a metallic oxide with w…
Combination of a nonmetallic oxide and…
Combination of elements
Acid
Base (metallic hydroxide)
Salt
Two elements added together is called...
Combination of elements
Combination of a nonmetallic oxide wit…
Acid
9 terms
Synthesis and Decomposition
formation of binary compounds (S)
metal oxide and water(S)
nonmetal oxide and water(S)
binary compound(D)
A+B --> AB
MO + H2O --> MOH
(NM)O + H2O --> acid
AB --> A + B
formation of binary compounds (S)
A+B --> AB
metal oxide and water(S)
MO + H2O --> MOH
16 terms
Decomposition and Synthesis
Metal carbonate is heated and decompos…
Metal sulfite is heated and decomposes…
Metal hydroxide is heated and decompos…
Ionic compounds when heated decompose…
Metal oxide + CO2(g)
Metal oxide + SO2(g)
Metal oxide + H2O(g)
Metal oxide + CO2/SO2/H2O... KOH or NaOH
Metal carbonate is heated and decompos…
Metal oxide + CO2(g)
Metal sulfite is heated and decomposes…
Metal oxide + SO2(g)
9 terms
Synthesis and decomposition
6Li + N2 = 2Li3N
MgO + 2HOH = MgOH2
Co2 + H2O = H2CO3
Na2O + CO2 = Na2CO3
Metal combines with non metals to form binary salts
A metallic oxide and water form bases
Nonmetallic oxides and water form acids
Metallic oxides and nonmetallic oxides form salts
6Li + N2 = 2Li3N
Metal combines with non metals to form binary salts
MgO + 2HOH = MgOH2
A metallic oxide and water form bases
20 terms
Synthesis and Decomposition
Type 1
Type 2
Type 3
Type 4
Element + Element --> Compound
Metal Oxide + CO2 --> Metal Carbonate
Metal Oxide + H2O --> Metal Hydroxide
Non-mental Oxide + H2O --> Oxyacid
Type 1
Element + Element --> Compound
Type 2
Metal Oxide + CO2 --> Metal Carbonate
17 terms
Synthesis and Decomposition
Synthesis
Decomposition
What are the 8 types of synthesis
Example of elements combining to form…
the combination of two things to make one thing (marriage)
dividing one thing into two things (divorce)
Any elements combining to form one thing, metal and oxygen, n…
H2 + O2 --> H20... HO : charge rules : H+O2-... crossover method... H2O
Synthesis
the combination of two things to make one thing (marriage)
Decomposition
dividing one thing into two things (divorce)
10 terms
Synthesis and Decomposition
SO₂+H₂O
N₂O₃+H₂O
CO₂+H₂O
P₂O₅+3H₂O
H₂SO₃
2HNO₂
H₂CO₃
2H₃PO₄
SO₂+H₂O
H₂SO₃
N₂O₃+H₂O
2HNO₂
11 terms
Synthesis and Decomposition
Combination of Elements
Combination of a nonmetallic oxide wit…
Combination of a metallic oxide with w…
combination of a nonmetallic oxide
Fe + S to FeS
acid
base
salt
Combination of Elements
Fe + S to FeS
Combination of a nonmetallic oxide wit…
acid
10 terms
Synthesis and Decomposition
Combination of_______.
Combination of a _______with water to…
Combination of a_______with water to f…
Combination of a _______and a _______…
Elements
Nonmetallic oxide
Metallic oxide
Nonmetallic oxide, metallic oxide
Combination of_______.
Elements
Combination of a _______with water to…
Nonmetallic oxide
13 terms
Synthesis&Decomposition
Metal + Nonmetal
Nonmetal + Nonmetal
Metal Oxide + Water
Nonmetal Oxide + Water
Binary Ionic
Binary Covalent
Metal Hydroxide
Acid
Metal + Nonmetal
Binary Ionic
Nonmetal + Nonmetal
Binary Covalent
Synthesis and decomposition reactions
Synthesis reaction
When one of the reactants is a group a…
What kind of compound is made when bot…
if one of the compounds is a nonmetal…
Two substances combine to form a single substance
ionic compound
A molecular compound
Acid
Synthesis reaction
Two substances combine to form a single substance
When one of the reactants is a group a…
ionic compound
5 terms
Synthesis/Decomposition
2 elements
Metal oxide + water
Metal chloride + oxygen
Metal oxide + carbon dioxide
Compound
Metal hydroxide
Metal chlorate
Metal carbonate
2 elements
Compound
Metal oxide + water
Metal hydroxide
8 terms
Synthesis/Decomposition
Element + Element -->
Element + Element -->
Metal Oxide + Water -->
Metal Oxide + Carbon Dioxide -->
Electrolysis of a fused salt -->
Binary compound -->
Metal Hydroxide -->
Metal Carbonate -->
Element + Element -->
Electrolysis of a fused salt -->
Element + Element -->
Binary compound -->
9 terms
Synthesis & Decomposition Reactions
Synthesis of Salt
Synthesis of Weak Acid
Synthesis of Metallic Hydroxide
Decomposition of a salt
metal + nonmetal = salt (ionic compound)
nometallic oxide + water = weak acid
metallic oxide + water = metallic hydroxide
salt = metal + nonmetal
Synthesis of Salt
metal + nonmetal = salt (ionic compound)
Synthesis of Weak Acid
nometallic oxide + water = weak acid
9 terms
Synthesis and Decomposition Reactions
metal combines with a nonmetal
metallic oxides and water
nonmetallic oxides and water
Nonmetal and nonmetal
forms a binary salt... A piece of lithium metal is dropped into…
form bases (metallic hydroxides)... Solid sodium oxide is added…
form acids-the nonmetal retains its oxidation number... Carbon d…
combine to make covalent bond. Name will have to be given.... N…
metal combines with a nonmetal
forms a binary salt... A piece of lithium metal is dropped into…
metallic oxides and water
form bases (metallic hydroxides)... Solid sodium oxide is added…
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