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Study sets matching "system anatomy endocrine chapter 16"

38 terms
Anatomy: Chapter 16-Endocrine System
Parathyroid Hormone (PTH)
Growth Hormone
Adrenocorticotropic (ACTH)
Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH)
found in the parathyroid gland//increases concentration of Ca…
found in the anterior pituitary gland//controls the rate of s…
found in the anterior pituitary gland//stimulates the adrenal…
found in the pituitary gland//help controls your body's metab…
Parathyroid Hormone (PTH)
found in the parathyroid gland//increases concentration of Ca…
Growth Hormone
found in the anterior pituitary gland//controls the rate of s…
57 terms
Anatomy - Chapter 16: Endocrine System
Endocrine glands
Neuroendocrine organs
Classes of hormones
Target tissue receptors and signalling…
ductless glands that have rich vascular supply ... - produces ch…
neurons that release neuropeptides that travel in the blood…
- Amino acid based (water soluble) ... - Steroids (lipid soluble…
- target tissue requires specific receptors for hormones in o…
Endocrine glands
ductless glands that have rich vascular supply ... - produces ch…
Neuroendocrine organs
neurons that release neuropeptides that travel in the blood…
57 terms
Anatomy - Chapter 16: Endocrine System
Endocrine glands
Neuroendocrine organs
Classes of hormones
Target tissue receptors and signalling…
ductless glands that have rich vascular supply ... - produces ch…
neurons that release neuropeptides that travel in the blood…
- Amino acid based (water soluble) ... - Steroids (lipid soluble…
- target tissue requires specific receptors for hormones in o…
Endocrine glands
ductless glands that have rich vascular supply ... - produces ch…
Neuroendocrine organs
neurons that release neuropeptides that travel in the blood…
57 terms
Anatomy - Chapter 16: Endocrine System
Endocrine glands
Neuroendocrine organs
Classes of hormones
Target tissue receptors and signalling…
ductless glands that have rich vascular supply ... - produces ch…
neurons that release neuropeptides that travel in the blood…
- Amino acid based (water soluble) ... - Steroids (lipid soluble…
- target tissue requires specific receptors for hormones in o…
Endocrine glands
ductless glands that have rich vascular supply ... - produces ch…
Neuroendocrine organs
neurons that release neuropeptides that travel in the blood…
9 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 16 Endocrine system- Overview
Endocrine system
Endocrine glands
The pancreas and gonads produce what t…
The hypothalamus has what type's of fu…
the body's second great controlling system which influences m…
pituitary, thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal, pineal, and thymus
produce both hormones and exocrine products
has both neural functions and releases hormones
Endocrine system
the body's second great controlling system which influences m…
Endocrine glands
pituitary, thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal, pineal, and thymus
42 terms
Anatomy Endocrine System Chapter 16
hormones
endocrinology
Endocrine functions
exocrine glands
long-distance chemical signals; travel in blood or lymph
study of hormones and endocrine organs
controls and integrates reproduction, growth, development, etc.
nonhormonal substances (sweat, saliva), carry secretion to me…
hormones
long-distance chemical signals; travel in blood or lymph
endocrinology
study of hormones and endocrine organs
69 terms
Anatomy Chapter 16: The Endocrine System
endocrine system
endocrine glands
Strictly endocrine glands and organs t…
Strictly endocrine glands
internal system of communication that interacts with the nerv…
ductless glands that produce hormones
Two types of endocrine glands
pituitary, thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal, pineal, and thymus
endocrine system
internal system of communication that interacts with the nerv…
endocrine glands
ductless glands that produce hormones
15 terms
Anatomy Chapter 16 The Endocrine System
Hormone
Neurotransmitter
Receptor
Endocrine Glands
A regulatory substance produced In an organism and transporte…
A chemical substance that is released at the end of a nerve f…
a region of tissue, or a molecule in a cell membrane, that re…
glands that secrete their products, hormones, directly into t…
Hormone
A regulatory substance produced In an organism and transporte…
Neurotransmitter
A chemical substance that is released at the end of a nerve f…
19 terms
Anatomy Chapter 16: The Endocrine System
GH
PRL
ACTH
FSH
Growth Hormone; stimulates most body cells to increase in siz…
Prolactin; stimulates milk production by the breasts; rises a…
Adrenocorticotropic; stimulates adrenal cortex to release cor…
Follicle Stimulating Hormone; gonadotropins that regulate the…
GH
Growth Hormone; stimulates most body cells to increase in siz…
PRL
Prolactin; stimulates milk production by the breasts; rises a…
Anatomy Chapter 16. Endocrine system.
Endocrine System
How does the Endocrine system differ f…
Glands are
Hormones are released by glands and tr…
control of body systems, metabolism, and homeostasis.
Differs in speed and mechanics. Hormones from the endocrine s…
epithelial tissue
target organs or target cells. Ex. Bone epiphyseal plate acts…
Endocrine System
control of body systems, metabolism, and homeostasis.
How does the Endocrine system differ f…
Differs in speed and mechanics. Hormones from the endocrine s…
10 terms
Chapter 16 Anatomy of the endocrine system
hypothalamus
pituitary gland
pineal gland
thyroid gland
links the nervous system to the endocrine system; stimulated…
analogous to the control tower of the endocrine system; compo…
responsible for the production and secretion of melatonin
responsible for producing and secreting thyroxine (t4), triio…
hypothalamus
links the nervous system to the endocrine system; stimulated…
pituitary gland
analogous to the control tower of the endocrine system; compo…
59 terms
The Endocrine System - Chapter 16
direct
paracrine
local hormones
hormone
______ communication occurs between two cells of the same typ…
The use of chemical messengers to transfer information from c…
The chemicals involved in paracrine communication are called…
A __________ is a chemical messenger that is secreted by one…
direct
______ communication occurs between two cells of the same typ…
paracrine
The use of chemical messengers to transfer information from c…
102 terms
CHAPTER 16 ANATOMY ENDOCRINE SYSTEM
THE ENDOCRINE SYSTEM
what does it use to influence metaboli…
responses are
endocrinology
works with the nervous system to coordinate and integrate act…
hormones transported in the blood.
slower longer lasting responses than the nervous system
study of hormones and endocrine organs
THE ENDOCRINE SYSTEM
works with the nervous system to coordinate and integrate act…
what does it use to influence metaboli…
hormones transported in the blood.
16 terms
Anatomy Chapter 16 Endocrine System and Diabetes
Lipid-Soluble Hormones
Water-Soluble Hormones
Anterior Pituitary Gland/Hormones
Growth Hormone (GH)
-Includes hormones from adrenal glands, sex glands (steroids)…
-Includes protein based hormones (PTH, insulin)... -Hydrophillic…
-No neural connection to hypothalamus, there is a vascular co…
-Muscle... -Liver... -Bone
Lipid-Soluble Hormones
-Includes hormones from adrenal glands, sex glands (steroids)…
Water-Soluble Hormones
-Includes protein based hormones (PTH, insulin)... -Hydrophillic…
31 terms
Chapter 16: Endocrine System
pituitary gland
endocrine gland
exocrine Gland
hormone
master gland; produces GH, PRL, ADH and OT
ductless gland; secretes directly into blood
gland with ducts
chemical that acts like a messenger
pituitary gland
master gland; produces GH, PRL, ADH and OT
endocrine gland
ductless gland; secretes directly into blood
31 terms
Anatomy 204: Chapter 16 Endocrine System
hypothalamus
pituitary gland
thyroid gland
adrenal gland
-secretes hormones involved in fluid balance, smooth muscle c…
-secretes hormone stimulating melanin production as well as m…
-secretes hormones affecting metabolic rate and calcium ion l…
-cells of the cortex secrete hormones involved with mineral b…
hypothalamus
-secretes hormones involved in fluid balance, smooth muscle c…
pituitary gland
-secretes hormone stimulating melanin production as well as m…
101 terms
Anatomy II-Chapter 16: The Endocrine System
Nervous system and endocrine system
Rapid onset; effects short-lived
Slower onset; effect's longer lasting
Endocrine communication
Which two body systems control the other systems?
Describe the effects of neural control
Describe the effects of endocrine control
The activity of hormones in coordinating cellular activities…
Nervous system and endocrine system
Which two body systems control the other systems?
Rapid onset; effects short-lived
Describe the effects of neural control
144 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 16 Endocrine System
The body`s second homeostatic control…
What system uses hormones as a control…
Chemical messengers released into the…
Where are hormones secreted from?
Endocrine System
Endocrine System
Hormones
Endocrine (ductless) glands and tissues
The body`s second homeostatic control…
Endocrine System
What system uses hormones as a control…
Endocrine System
57 terms
Chapter 16 Endocrine System
glycosylated hemoglobin
exopthalmos
parathyroidoma
Addison disease
blood test that indicates the average blood sugar level for s…
abnormal protrusion of the eyeball
tumor of the parathyroid gland
chronic syndrome resulting from a deficiency in the hormonal…
glycosylated hemoglobin
blood test that indicates the average blood sugar level for s…
exopthalmos
abnormal protrusion of the eyeball
563 terms
EXSC 224 Anatomy Chapter 16 The Endocrine System
- works remotely, glands secreting hor…
master of all glands in our body, has…
any chemical messenger secreted by cel…
• alters membrane permeability, regula…
endocrine system
hypothalamus
hormones
hormones
- works remotely, glands secreting hor…
endocrine system
master of all glands in our body, has…
hypothalamus
74 terms
Anatomy II Chapter 16 - The Endocrine System
What is the difference between neural…
Define Endocrine Communication
What are the two primary mechanisms of…
Describe Protein Hormones
Neural control has a rapid onset with effects that are short-…
The activity of hormones in coordinating cellular activities…
Protein and steroid hormones
amino acids... bind to cell membrane receptor ... activates intrace…
What is the difference between neural…
Neural control has a rapid onset with effects that are short-…
Define Endocrine Communication
The activity of hormones in coordinating cellular activities…
27 terms
Chapter 16 Endocrine System
Adrenals
Hypothalamus
Ovaries
Testes
gland on the superior surface of the kidney; the out region (…
Portion of the brain that controls the pituitary gland, produ…
Stimulates growth of primary sexual organs and development of…
Stimulates growth and development of sexual organs plus devel…
Adrenals
gland on the superior surface of the kidney; the out region (…
Hypothalamus
Portion of the brain that controls the pituitary gland, produ…
90 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 16 Endocrine system
What is the overall goal of the endocr…
Endocrine glands are
Endocrine system effector cells
Chemical messenger of the Endocrine sy…
maintain homeostasis
ductless glands
target cells throughout the body
hormones
What is the overall goal of the endocr…
maintain homeostasis
Endocrine glands are
ductless glands
144 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 16 Endocrine System
The body`s second homeostatic control…
What system uses hormones as a control…
Chemical messengers released into the…
Where are hormones secreted from?
Endocrine System
Endocrine System
Hormones
Endocrine (ductless) glands and tissues
The body`s second homeostatic control…
Endocrine System
What system uses hormones as a control…
Endocrine System
215 terms
Chapter 16; The Endocrine System
Adenohypophysis
Adrenal Glands
Adrenocorticotropic Hormone (ACTH)
Aldosterone
anterior pituitary; the glandular part of the pituitary gland
hormone-producing glands located superior to the kidneys; eac…
anterior pituitary hormone that influences the activity of th…
hormone produced by the adrenal cortex that regulates Na⁺; re…
Adenohypophysis
anterior pituitary; the glandular part of the pituitary gland
Adrenal Glands
hormone-producing glands located superior to the kidneys; eac…
24 terms
Human Anatomy: Endocrine System (chapter 16)
hormone
hypothalamus
pituitary gland (hypophysis)
adenohypophysis
...
...
...
...
hormone
...
hypothalamus
...
58 terms
Anatomy Chapter 16 Endocrine System PP 1
understanding the endocrine system ena…
endocrine acts with _____ to coordinat…
influences metabolic activities via __…
endocrine system responses are ____ bu…
diabetes mellitus
nervous system
hormones, blood
slower, longer lasting
understanding the endocrine system ena…
diabetes mellitus
endocrine acts with _____ to coordinat…
nervous system
Chapter 16: Anatomy & Physiology: The Endocrine System
Carbohydrates
Diabetes
Electrolyte
Endocrine System
Sugars and starches
A condition in which the body cannot break down and use carbo…
A fluid essential for chemical exchanges in the body.
System of glands which secrete hormones into the blood.
Carbohydrates
Sugars and starches
Diabetes
A condition in which the body cannot break down and use carbo…
139 terms
Chapter 16: The Endocrine System
differentiates reproductive system in…
nervous
endocrine
hormone
Describe the functions of the endocrine system
Which works faster: nervous or endocrine signals?
Which lasts longer: nervous or endocrine signals?
A long distance chemical signal (ligand) secreted by cells in…
differentiates reproductive system in…
Describe the functions of the endocrine system
nervous
Which works faster: nervous or endocrine signals?
97 terms
Chapter 16 Endocrine System
Adrenal gland
Autocrine
Endocrine
Hormone
A gland on the superior surface of the kidney. The outer regi…
Pertaining to secretions that the very cell that secretes
Pertaining to a ductless gland that secretes directly into th…
A secretion of an endocrine gland. A substance that travels i…
Adrenal gland
A gland on the superior surface of the kidney. The outer regi…
Autocrine
Pertaining to secretions that the very cell that secretes
97 terms
Chapter 16-Endocrine System
Hormone
Exocrine
Endocrine
Endocrine Glands
messenger molecule that binds to receptors elsewhere in the b…
secrete products into ducts that empty into body cavities or…
secrete hormones into the interstitial fluid around the cell
-Secretory cells derived from epithelium... -Connective tissue f…
Hormone
messenger molecule that binds to receptors elsewhere in the b…
Exocrine
secrete products into ducts that empty into body cavities or…
Chapter 16: The Endocrine System
Produces the hormones that promote the…
Storehouse for the hormones produced b…
Produces the hormones that direct the…
Produce steroid hormones and glucocort…
Ovaries
Pituitary Gland
Testies
Adrenal Glands
Produces the hormones that promote the…
Ovaries
Storehouse for the hormones produced b…
Pituitary Gland
165 terms
Anatomy 2: Chapter 16 (The Endocrine System)
What is the endocrine System?
Where do endocrine glands tend to rele…
What are the secretions released by th…
How is the endocrine system different…
-an interaction with the nervous system to coordinate and int…
in the bloodstream
Hormones
1. Speed of action: The nervous system sends out electrochemi…
What is the endocrine System?
-an interaction with the nervous system to coordinate and int…
Where do endocrine glands tend to rele…
in the bloodstream
52 terms
Anatomy II: Chapter 16 Endocrine System
N.S. performs ______ term crisis manag…
Endocrine system regulates ____ term o…
Endocrine cells releasing hormones to…
Chemical messengers are released betwe…
Short; shock mode, excited
Long; "laid back friends"
Endocrine communication
Paracrine communication
N.S. performs ______ term crisis manag…
Short; shock mode, excited
Endocrine system regulates ____ term o…
Long; "laid back friends"
38 terms
Anatomy Chapter 16 Endocrine
Language
Control System
Hormones control:
Produced by:
Humoral (L)=liquid... Hormone (G)=set in motion... Endocrine (G)="w…
Nervous:... Effector: muscles and glands... Message:Electrochemical…
1)Reproductive and growth... 2)salt and water balance... 3)energy b…
Scattered ductless glands... Scattered Cells:... -gut: secretin, C…
Language
Humoral (L)=liquid... Hormone (G)=set in motion... Endocrine (G)="w…
Control System
Nervous:... Effector: muscles and glands... Message:Electrochemical…
58 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 16: The Endocrine System
With what system does the endocrine sy…
How are the endocrine and nervous syst…
How are the endocrine and nervous syst…
What are released by endocrine glands?
the nervous system
they both preform activities in the body that maintain homeos…
the nervous system supplies communication between the body an…
hormones
With what system does the endocrine sy…
the nervous system
How are the endocrine and nervous syst…
they both preform activities in the body that maintain homeos…
103 terms
Chapter 16: The Endocrine System
How many major endocrine organs are th…
Major Endocrine Organs
Types of Hormones
* Which type of hormones are hydrophil…
9
1) Pancreas... 2) Parathryroids... 3) Pineal... 4) Pituitary... 5) Thymus…
Peptide Hormones and Steroid Hormones
Peptide Hormones
How many major endocrine organs are th…
9
Major Endocrine Organs
1) Pancreas... 2) Parathryroids... 3) Pineal... 4) Pituitary... 5) Thymus…
54 terms
Anatomy (2) Chapter 16 Endocrine System
Endocrine System acts with
What does the Endocrine and Nervous sy…
Endocrine or Nervous system responses…
What does the endocrine system influen…
Nervous System
coordinate and integrate activity of body cells
endocrines are slower but longer lasting
influences metabolic activities via hormones transported in b…
Endocrine System acts with
Nervous System
What does the Endocrine and Nervous sy…
coordinate and integrate activity of body cells
63 terms
Chapter 16 B Anatomy Physiology Endocrine System
Two lateral lobes connected by median…
Composed of follicles that produce gly…
Parafollicular cells produce
T4 (thyroxine); has _______ + ________…
isthmus
thyroglobulin
calcitonin
2 tyrosine molecules, 4 iodine
Two lateral lobes connected by median…
isthmus
Composed of follicles that produce gly…
thyroglobulin
144 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 16 Endocrine System
The body`s second homeostatic control…
What system uses hormones as a control…
Chemical messengers released into the…
Where are hormones secreted from?
Endocrine System
Endocrine System
Hormones
Endocrine (ductless) glands and tissues
The body`s second homeostatic control…
Endocrine System
What system uses hormones as a control…
Endocrine System
Endocrine System - Chapter 16
TSH is stored and secreted where?
Name the thyroid hormones
Where is insulin produced?
What hormone is secreted from the post…
anterior pituitary
T3 and T4
beta cells of pancreas
oxytocin
TSH is stored and secreted where?
anterior pituitary
Name the thyroid hormones
T3 and T4
152 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 16 Endocrine System
The body`s second homeostatic control…
What system uses hormones as a control…
Chemical messengers released into the…
What do hormones control?
Endocrine System
Endocrine System
Hormones
Reproduction, Growth and development, Maintenance of electrol…
The body`s second homeostatic control…
Endocrine System
What system uses hormones as a control…
Endocrine System
43 terms
Anatomy and Physiology 1 Chapter 16 The Endocrine System
Where do exocrine cells secrete
Paracrines
3 Groups that hormones can be divided…
Hormone-target cell specificity means…
Secretion of their product is into a duct
Chemically secreted by glands but are localizeed
Amino Acid Derivatives... Peptide Hormones... Lipid Derivatives
Hormone is only as good as the receptor
Where do exocrine cells secrete
Secretion of their product is into a duct
Paracrines
Chemically secreted by glands but are localizeed
124 terms
Chapter 16: Endocrine System
endocrine system
gonadotropins
hormones
exocrine glands
body system that includes internal organs that secrete hormones
FSH and LH; regulate the function of ovaries and testes (gona…
potent chemicals; "to excite"; chemical messengers secreted b…
produce nonhormonal substances; such as sweat and saliva, and…
endocrine system
body system that includes internal organs that secrete hormones
gonadotropins
FSH and LH; regulate the function of ovaries and testes (gona…
53 terms
Chapter 16: The Endocrine System
endocrine gland/ organ
target cells; target cell receptors
steroids
hormonal stimuli
any organ that can synthesize and secrete hormones
cells that are sensitive to a certain hormone are known as __…
hormones made from cholesterol
______________ control refers to hormones released in respons…
endocrine gland/ organ
any organ that can synthesize and secrete hormones
target cells; target cell receptors
cells that are sensitive to a certain hormone are known as __…
21 terms
The Endocrine System - Chapter 16.2 - Figure 16-1 Organs and Tissues of the Endocrine System
Organs and Tissues of the Endocrine Sy…
adipose tissue
digestive tract
gonads
Organs and Tissues of the Endocrine Sy…
adipose tissue
139 terms
Chapter 16: Endocrine System
Exocrine Glands
Endocrine Glands
List of Endocrine Glands
Difference between hormones and autocr…
Produce nonhormonal substances, such as sweat and saliva, and…
Also called ductless glands. Produce hormones and lack ducts.…
Endocrine glands include the pituitary, thyroid, adrenal and…
Hormones are long-distance chemical signals that travel in bl…
Exocrine Glands
Produce nonhormonal substances, such as sweat and saliva, and…
Endocrine Glands
Also called ductless glands. Produce hormones and lack ducts.…
98 terms
Chapter 16 Endocrine System
pituitary gland or hypophysis cerebri
anterior lobe or adenohypophysis
growth hromone (GH)
adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)
approximately the size of a pea and located at the base of th…
produces and secretes growth, adrenocorticotropic, throid-sti…
regulates the growth of the body; produced by the anterior lo…
stimulates the adrenal cortex; produced by the anterior lobe…
pituitary gland or hypophysis cerebri
approximately the size of a pea and located at the base of th…
anterior lobe or adenohypophysis
produces and secretes growth, adrenocorticotropic, throid-sti…
15 terms
Chapter 16 Endocrine System
aden/o
adren/o
adrenal/o
cortic/o
gland
adrenal glands
adrenal gland
cortex ( outer layer of a body organ)
aden/o
gland
adren/o
adrenal glands
15 terms
Chapter 16 Endocrine System
Aden/o
adren/o
adrenal/o
cortic/o
gland
adrenal glands
adrenal glands
cortex (outer layer of a body organ)
Aden/o
gland
adren/o
adrenal glands
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