Study sets matching "system diseases"

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Study sets matching "system diseases"

21 terms
Respiratory System & Diseases
respiratory system
oxygen
breathing
lungs
a system that carries air to the lungs
an invisible gas that we breath to give us energy
the main function of the respiratory system
two organs that are used to breathe; they are covered by the…
respiratory system
a system that carries air to the lungs
oxygen
an invisible gas that we breath to give us energy
INFECTIOUS DISEASES OF THE NERVOUS SYSTEM
PURULENT (BACTERIAL) MENINGITIS
GRANULOMATOUS MENINGITIS
GRANULOMATOUS INFECTION
CRYPTOCOCCOMA
Neutrophils (PMNs) = bacterial... CSF: Low glucose; high protein…
Meningitis primarily basilar
PURULENT (BACTERIAL) MENINGITIS
Neutrophils (PMNs) = bacterial... CSF: Low glucose; high protein…
GRANULOMATOUS MENINGITIS
Meningitis primarily basilar
diseases in the system
digestive system
respiratory system
integumentary system
nervous system
painful swallowing, weight loss, fatigue, severe and persiste…
persistent cough, shortness of breath, respiratory infections
skin rashes, flaky skin, persistent cold sores
short-term memory loss, confusion, seizures, lack of coordina…
digestive system
painful swallowing, weight loss, fatigue, severe and persiste…
respiratory system
persistent cough, shortness of breath, respiratory infections
Diseases of the Nervous System
Cerebral palsy
Encephalitis
Epilepsy
Meningitis
Disease caused by injury to the developing brain that results…
Infection of the brain that can cause fever, headache, drowsi…
Disease that causes seizures, a period of lost consciousness…
Infection of the membranes that cover the brain and spinal co…
Cerebral palsy
Disease caused by injury to the developing brain that results…
Encephalitis
Infection of the brain that can cause fever, headache, drowsi…
15 terms
Circulatory System & Diseases
circulatory system (cardiovascular sys…
heart
coronary circulation
pulmonary circulation
made up of heart, blood & blood vessels. It moves from the he…
a muscle that pumps blood through your body
flow of blood within the heart itself
flow of blood through the heart to the lungs
circulatory system (cardiovascular sys…
made up of heart, blood & blood vessels. It moves from the he…
heart
a muscle that pumps blood through your body
12 terms
Respiratory System Diseases and Disorders
atelectasis
asthma
chronic bronchitis
lung cancer
alveoli are either partially or totally collapsed
causes bronchial tube walls to spasm, which narrows the passa…
inflammation of the bronchi and bronchial tubes... emphysema cau…
growth of tissues in the lung that destroys or blocks the flo…
atelectasis
alveoli are either partially or totally collapsed
asthma
causes bronchial tube walls to spasm, which narrows the passa…
5 terms
Muscular System Diseases and Disorders
gangrene
sprain
strain
muscular dystrophy
caused by clostridium bacteria, which kills muscle tissue
result of torn ligament fibers
result of a sudden tearing of muscle fibers during exertion,…
inherited disease that causes progressive deterioration of th…
gangrene
caused by clostridium bacteria, which kills muscle tissue
sprain
result of torn ligament fibers
14 terms
Muscular System & Diseases
involuntary muscle
voluntary muscle (skeletal muscle)
nerve signal
reflex
a muscle that moves on its own (ex. heart)
a muscle that lets you move the different parts of your body
Electrical signals, Chemical signals
action that happens without your brain's help
involuntary muscle
a muscle that moves on its own (ex. heart)
voluntary muscle (skeletal muscle)
a muscle that lets you move the different parts of your body
10 terms
Skeletal System Diseases
rheumatoid arthritis
gout
osteoarthritis
carpal tunnel syndrome
synovial membranes thicken
uric acid crystals build up in joints
softening of cartilage in joints
pressure on a nerve in the wrist as a result of repetitive mo…
rheumatoid arthritis
synovial membranes thicken
gout
uric acid crystals build up in joints
System Diseases
Integumentary System
Skeletal System
Muscles
Nervous System
1. Skin Burn... 2. Melanoma... 3. Warts (Human papiloma virus)... 4. A…
1. Osteoporosis... 2. Osteosarcoma... 3. Fracture... 4. Herniated Disc…
1. Muscle atrophy. Myoathrpy... 2. Tetanus. Bcterial infection c…
1. MS... 2. Parkinsons (Basal neuclei, dopamine loss)... 3. Alzheim…
Integumentary System
1. Skin Burn... 2. Melanoma... 3. Warts (Human papiloma virus)... 4. A…
Skeletal System
1. Osteoporosis... 2. Osteosarcoma... 3. Fracture... 4. Herniated Disc…
System Diseases
Digestive
Circulatory
Reproductive
Integumentary
Diarrhea and IBS
Heart disease and varicose veins
Aids and Hepatitis B
Acne and eczema
Digestive
Diarrhea and IBS
Circulatory
Heart disease and varicose veins
17 terms
Digestive System Diseases and Disorders
appendicitis
ascites
cirrhosis
cholelithiasis
inflammation of the appendix, cause unknown
general term used to describe the abnormal accumulation of fl…
group of chronic diseases that involve scarring of liver tissue
presence of stones in the gallbladder
appendicitis
inflammation of the appendix, cause unknown
ascites
general term used to describe the abnormal accumulation of fl…
16 terms
Cardiovascular System Diseases and Disorders
anemia
aneurysm
angina pectoris
myocardial infarction
blood has an inadequate hemoglobin, red blood cells or both
ballooning out of the arterial wall that weakens the wall and…
heart pain caused by an inadequate supply of oxygen to the he…
heart attack... Death of heart tissue
anemia
blood has an inadequate hemoglobin, red blood cells or both
aneurysm
ballooning out of the arterial wall that weakens the wall and…
systemic diseases
crohn's disease
ulcerative colitis
acromegaly
addison's disease
inflammatory condition in distal SI/ proximal colon... oral- rec…
chronic inflammatory disease in colon (mucosa/ submucosa)... dia…
excess growth hormone (pituitary adenoma)... after epiphyseal pl…
hypoadrenocorticism... primary- destruction of adrenal gland... sec…
crohn's disease
inflammatory condition in distal SI/ proximal colon... oral- rec…
ulcerative colitis
chronic inflammatory disease in colon (mucosa/ submucosa)... dia…
Systemic Diseases
Hyperparathyroidism
Hyperpituitarism
Metabolic Bone Dx
Renal Osteodystrophy
-increase PTH in blood... -maintains Ca2+ in blood by resorbing…
-children --> gigantism... -adults --> acromegaly (excess mandib…
Osteoporosis: (post-menopausal women) osteonecrosis of jaw, r…
-chronic renal failure... -interferes w/ hydroxylation of 25-hyd…
Hyperparathyroidism
-increase PTH in blood... -maintains Ca2+ in blood by resorbing…
Hyperpituitarism
-children --> gigantism... -adults --> acromegaly (excess mandib…
30 terms
System and diseases
Integumentary System
Integumentary System
Integumentary System
Integumentary System
Acne
Wart
Shingles
Athlete's Foot
Integumentary System
Acne
Integumentary System
Wart
66 terms
Digestive System and Diseases
Digestive System
Digestive Tract (alimentary canal)
4 layers of digestive tract
Serosa
the group of organs that change food so that it can be used i…
the digestive tube, running from the mouth to the anus; the w…
mucosa, submucosa, muscular layer, serosa
the outermost layer of the digestive tract; composed of conne…
Digestive System
the group of organs that change food so that it can be used i…
Digestive Tract (alimentary canal)
the digestive tube, running from the mouth to the anus; the w…
6 terms
Systemic Diseases
Hyperparathyroidism
Hyperpituitarism
Metabolic Bone Dx
Renal Osteodystrophy
-increase PTH in blood... -maintains Ca2+ in blood by resorbing…
-children --> gigantism... -adults --> acromegaly (excess mandib…
Osteoporosis: (post-menopausal women) osteonecrosis of jaw, r…
-chronic renal failure... -interferes w/ hydroxylation of 25-hyd…
Hyperparathyroidism
-increase PTH in blood... -maintains Ca2+ in blood by resorbing…
Hyperpituitarism
-children --> gigantism... -adults --> acromegaly (excess mandib…
117 terms
Systemic Diseases
Eye Examination
Direct pupillary response
Consensual pupillary response
Marcus Gunn pupil
1. Vision... 2. External... 3. Pupils - Relative Afferent Pupillary…
while looking at the pupil, shine a light into the pupil, the…
reflex where a light is shone into one eye, and the opposite…
estimate of optic nerve function, aka... pupillary escape mechan…
Eye Examination
1. Vision... 2. External... 3. Pupils - Relative Afferent Pupillary…
Direct pupillary response
while looking at the pupil, shine a light into the pupil, the…
29 terms
Systemic diseases
Benign lesions in bone
Periapical cemento-osseous dysplasia
Periapical cemento-osseous dysplasia
Focal cemento-osseous dysplasia
Cemento-osseous dysplasia and Paget's disease
Called Cementoma... -bone lesion and a reactive /dysplasia inste…
-asymptomatic ... -in white women over 30... -more in the posterior…
Benign lesions in bone
Cemento-osseous dysplasia and Paget's disease
Periapical cemento-osseous dysplasia
Called Cementoma... -bone lesion and a reactive /dysplasia inste…
47 terms
Musculoskeletal system diseases tina
Open fracture
Closed fracture
Simple or comminuted facture
Methods of fixation for broken bones
bone exposed through skin
bone not exposed through skin
splintered or fragmented fracture
Splints, IM pins, Bone plates
Open fracture
bone exposed through skin
Closed fracture
bone not exposed through skin
27 terms
Endocrine System and Diseases
Hypoglycemia
Hyperglycemia
Ketosis
Gigantism
low blood sugar
high blood sugar
the accumulation of ketone bodies in the blood and urine as a…
excessive size and stature of the body; usually caused by a t…
Hypoglycemia
low blood sugar
Hyperglycemia
high blood sugar
19 terms
Skeletal System - Diseases
Osteoarthritis
rheumatoid arthritis
bursitits
greenstick
most common form of arthritis that occurs as a result of agin…
chronic inflammatory disease that affects that connective tis…
inflammation of the bursae, which are small fluid filled sacs…
fracture in which bone is bent and splits causing incomplete…
Osteoarthritis
most common form of arthritis that occurs as a result of agin…
rheumatoid arthritis
chronic inflammatory disease that affects that connective tis…
14 terms
Skeletal System & Diseases
skeleton
skull
periosteum
marrow
a framework of bones that supports and protects all of your s…
a skeleton of the head that protects the brain
outside layer of the bone
jelly-like substance inside the hallow part of bones; it prod…
skeleton
a framework of bones that supports and protects all of your s…
skull
a skeleton of the head that protects the brain
Micro. Respiratory System Diseases
Whooping Cough
Otitis Media
Tuerculosis
Ditphtheria
Agent: Bordetella Pertussis... Diagnosis: Culturing Bacteria... Tra…
Agent: Pseudomonas Aeruginosa... Diagnosis: Bulging ear drum... Tra…
Agent: Mycobacterium Tuberculosis... Diagnosis: TB test; Fast ac…
Agent: Coryne bacterium diphtheria... Diagnosis: Culturing... Trans…
Whooping Cough
Agent: Bordetella Pertussis... Diagnosis: Culturing Bacteria... Tra…
Otitis Media
Agent: Pseudomonas Aeruginosa... Diagnosis: Bulging ear drum... Tra…
27 terms
Respiratory System & Diseases
respiratory system
oxygen
breathing
lungs
a system that carries oxygen to the lungs and eliminates carb…
an invisible gas that we breath to give us energy
air goes in and out of the lungs
two organs that are used to breathe; they are covered by the…
respiratory system
a system that carries oxygen to the lungs and eliminates carb…
oxygen
an invisible gas that we breath to give us energy
Digestive System Diseases
dysphagia
eructation
flatulence
halitosis
difficulty with swallowing that may be due to an obstruction…
release of air from the stomach through the mouth
gas expelled through the anus
bad smelling breath
dysphagia
difficulty with swallowing that may be due to an obstruction…
eructation
release of air from the stomach through the mouth
23 terms
Respiratory System & Diseases
respiratory system
oxygen
breathing
lungs
a system that carries air to the lungs
an invisible gas that we breath to give us energy
the main function of the respiratory system
two organs that are used to breathe; they are the location of…
respiratory system
a system that carries air to the lungs
oxygen
an invisible gas that we breath to give us energy
10 terms
Nervous System & Diseases
nervous system
brain
spinal cord
neurons
control center for the entire body, made up of the brain, spi…
control center of the nervous system
nerves that run up and down the length of the back and transm…
nerve cells that carry messages back & forth
nervous system
control center for the entire body, made up of the brain, spi…
brain
control center of the nervous system
21 terms
Respiratory System & Diseases
respiratory system
oxygen
breathing
lungs
a system that carries air to the lungs
an invisible gas that we breath to give us energy
the main function of the respiratory system
two organs that are used to breathe; they are covered by the…
respiratory system
a system that carries air to the lungs
oxygen
an invisible gas that we breath to give us energy
18 terms
Digestive System & Diseases
digestion
mechanical digestion
chemical digestion
salivary amylase
breaking apart the food that we eat, so that our bodies can u…
the physical breaking apart of food
chemicals called enzymes break food into molecules that the b…
an enzyme in your spit that breaks down carbohydrates
digestion
breaking apart the food that we eat, so that our bodies can u…
mechanical digestion
the physical breaking apart of food
14 terms
Skeletal System & Diseases
skeleton
skull
periosteum
marrow
a framework of bones that supports and protects all of your s…
a skeleton of the head that protects the brain
outside layer of the bone
jelly-like substance inside the hallow part of bones; it prod…
skeleton
a framework of bones that supports and protects all of your s…
skull
a skeleton of the head that protects the brain
18 terms
Digestive System & Diseases
digestion
mechanical digestion
chemical digestion
salivary amylase
breaking apart the food that we eat, so that our bodies can u…
the physical breaking apart of food
chemicals called enzymes break food into molecules that the b…
an enzyme in your spit that breaks down carbohydrates
digestion
breaking apart the food that we eat, so that our bodies can u…
mechanical digestion
the physical breaking apart of food
190 terms
Systemic Diseases
What is the anatomy and function of th…
What hormones are produced by thyroid?…
*** What are the effects of TSH and TR…
What are diseases of thyroid?
- Thyroid is located at the anterior neck, bilateral and 2 lo…
- Thyroxine; T4;... - Triiodothyronine; T3; more potent than T4;…
- Hypothalamus releases TRH which stimulates anterior pituita…
- Hypothyroidism - primary, autoimmune, iatrogenic, surgical,…
What is the anatomy and function of th…
- Thyroid is located at the anterior neck, bilateral and 2 lo…
What hormones are produced by thyroid?…
- Thyroxine; T4;... - Triiodothyronine; T3; more potent than T4;…
Diseases of Circulatory System
High Blood Pressure
Anemia
Heart Attack
Leukemia
- It is the sudden rise in blood pressure.
- Caused by the decrease in the number of hemoglobin in the R…
- May occur when a blood clot or fat gets stuck along the blo…
- Occurs when white blood cells become abnormally great in nu…
High Blood Pressure
- It is the sudden rise in blood pressure.
Anemia
- Caused by the decrease in the number of hemoglobin in the R…
166 terms
Systemic Disease
How quickly does acute inflammation oc…
3 major components to acute inflammation
What infiltrates are involved with chr…
Three conditions that cause granulomat…
1-2 minutes
1. vascular dilation to facilitate increased blood flow... 2. in…
Mononuclear cells (macrophages, lymphocytes, and plasma cells…
Sarcoid, syphillis, TB... 3 S's...
How quickly does acute inflammation oc…
1-2 minutes
3 major components to acute inflammation
1. vascular dilation to facilitate increased blood flow... 2. in…
31 terms
Integumentary System and Diseases
the skin and its derivatives
Functions of the skin
medical term for skin
Three layers of skin
Integumentary System
protection, the regulation of body temperature, sensory recep…
Cutaneous Membrane
epidermis, dermis, subcutaneous tissue
the skin and its derivatives
Integumentary System
Functions of the skin
protection, the regulation of body temperature, sensory recep…
System Diseases
septicemia
bacteremia
toxemia
lymphangitis
any microbial infection of the blood that produces illness
bacterial septicemia that is often harmless
release of bacterial toxins into blood
inflammation of lymphatic vessels
septicemia
any microbial infection of the blood that produces illness
bacteremia
bacterial septicemia that is often harmless
12 terms
Urinary System Diseases and Pathology
Glomerulonephritis
Interstitial Nephritis
Nephrolithiasis
Nephritic Syndrome
Inflammation of the glomeruli within the kidney
Inflammation of the connective tissue that lies between the r…
Kidney stones; renal calculi
Nephrosis; group of clinical signs and symptoms caused by exc…
Glomerulonephritis
Inflammation of the glomeruli within the kidney
Interstitial Nephritis
Inflammation of the connective tissue that lies between the r…
Integumentary System diseases and disorders
Abrasion
Cicatrix
Comedo
Contusion
Scraping away top layer skin by friction.
Scar
Collection of hard sebum in skin.... *also known as a blackhead*
Injury, blow to body. ... *SKIN IS NOT BROKEN*
Abrasion
Scraping away top layer skin by friction.
Cicatrix
Scar
15 terms
Respiratory System Diseases & Disorders
Alveoli
Bronchiectasis
Bronchoscopy
Cilia
The many tiny air sacs in the lungs where the exchange of oxy…
A chronic or long-term dilation of a bronchus or bronchi alon…
A diagnostic or surgical procedure in which a scope is passed…
Tiny, hairlike structures that work to seep dust laden mucous…
Alveoli
The many tiny air sacs in the lungs where the exchange of oxy…
Bronchiectasis
A chronic or long-term dilation of a bronchus or bronchi alon…
83 terms
Diseases and Disorders of the Integumentary System
Abrasion
Abscess
Acne vulgaris
Actinic keratosis
scrape
localized collection of pus within a circumscribed area; asso…
inflammation of a sebaceous gland; characterized by a papules…
premalignant lesion of the skin caused by excess exposure to…
Abrasion
scrape
Abscess
localized collection of pus within a circumscribed area; asso…
SKELETAL SYSTEM DISEASES AND DISORDERS
BURSITIS
OSTEOPOROSIS
SCOLIOSIS
Rhuematoid Arthritis
INFLAMMATION OF THE BURSAE
INCREASED POROSITY OR SOFETNING OF THE BONES CAUSED BY LACK O…
SIDE-TO-SIDE CURVATURE OF THE SPINE
autoimmune arthritis that affects the joints; membrane surrou…
BURSITIS
INFLAMMATION OF THE BURSAE
OSTEOPOROSIS
INCREASED POROSITY OR SOFETNING OF THE BONES CAUSED BY LACK O…
17 terms
Diseases and Disorders of the Nervous System
Epilepsy
Stroke/ Cerebrovascular Accident
Seizure
Alzheimer's Disease
A disorder of the central nervous system characterized by los…
A sudden attack of weakness or paralysis that occurs when blo…
Paroxysmal, uncontrolled electrical discharge of neurons in t…
A progressive and irreversible brain disorder characterized b…
Epilepsy
A disorder of the central nervous system characterized by los…
Stroke/ Cerebrovascular Accident
A sudden attack of weakness or paralysis that occurs when blo…
17 terms
Immune System and Diseases
microorganisms
pathogens
infectious disease
toxin
living things too small to see without a microscope
organisms that cause disease
Any disease caused by the growth of pathogens in the body; di…
A poisonous substance
microorganisms
living things too small to see without a microscope
pathogens
organisms that cause disease
12 terms
Diseases of the Muscular System
Atrophy
Hypertrophy
Myalgia
Strain
A decrease in muscle cell size from either disease or disuse.
An increase in muscle cell size
Another name for muscle pain
Occurs when a muscle or tendon is stretched beyond its elasti…
Atrophy
A decrease in muscle cell size from either disease or disuse.
Hypertrophy
An increase in muscle cell size
Digestive System diseases & disorders
Achlorhydria
Adhesions
Asymptomatic
Colorectal
absence of hydrochloric acid
parts of tissue that cling to the surface of adjoining organs…
not displaying symptoms
pertaining to both the colon and rectum
Achlorhydria
absence of hydrochloric acid
Adhesions
parts of tissue that cling to the surface of adjoining organs…
106 terms
Systemic Diseases
Jaundice
What happens to the skin and mucosa in…
Does jaundice have a specific diagnost…
What does bilirubin come from?
excess bilirubin in the bloodstream... (also accumulates in the…
yellowish discoloration of the skin and mucosa (including the…
Not a specific sign--requires physical examination and lab st…
Derived from the breakdown of hemoglobin
Jaundice
excess bilirubin in the bloodstream... (also accumulates in the…
What happens to the skin and mucosa in…
yellowish discoloration of the skin and mucosa (including the…
15 terms
Endocrine System & Diseases
endocrine system
pituitary gland
thyroid gland
adrenal glands
a system made up of glands that is in charge of making sure y…
attached to the hypothalamus and rules the actions of other g…
releases hormones that control how fast your body's cells bur…
regulate your response to stress, also regulates salt and sex…
endocrine system
a system made up of glands that is in charge of making sure y…
pituitary gland
attached to the hypothalamus and rules the actions of other g…
10 terms
Nervous System & Diseases
nervous system
brain
spinal cord
neurons
control center for the entire body, made up of the brain, spi…
control center of the nervous system
nerves that run up and down the length of the back and transm…
nerve cells that carry messages back & forth
nervous system
control center for the entire body, made up of the brain, spi…
brain
control center of the nervous system
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