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Study sets matching "system diseases"

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Study sets matching "system diseases"

21 terms
Respiratory System & Diseases
respiratory system
oxygen
breathing
lungs
a system that carries air to the lungs
an invisible gas that we breath to give us energy
the main function of the respiratory system
two organs that are used to breathe; they are covered by the…
respiratory system
a system that carries air to the lungs
oxygen
an invisible gas that we breath to give us energy
21 terms
INFECTIOUS DISEASES OF THE NERVOUS SYSTEM
PURULENT (BACTERIAL) MENINGITIS
GRANULOMATOUS MENINGITIS
GRANULOMATOUS INFECTION
CRYPTOCOCCOMA
Neutrophils (PMNs) = bacterial... CSF: Low glucose; high protein…
Meningitis primarily basilar
PURULENT (BACTERIAL) MENINGITIS
Neutrophils (PMNs) = bacterial... CSF: Low glucose; high protein…
GRANULOMATOUS MENINGITIS
Meningitis primarily basilar
15 terms
Circulatory System & Diseases
circulatory system (cardiovascular sys…
heart
coronary circulation
pulmonary circulation
made up of heart, blood & blood vessels. It moves from the he…
a muscle that pumps blood through your body
flow of blood within the heart itself
flow of blood through the heart to the lungs
circulatory system (cardiovascular sys…
made up of heart, blood & blood vessels. It moves from the he…
heart
a muscle that pumps blood through your body
12 terms
Respiratory System Diseases and Disorders
atelectasis
asthma
chronic bronchitis
lung cancer
alveoli are either partially or totally collapsed
causes bronchial tube walls to spasm, which narrows the passa…
inflammation of the bronchi and bronchial tubes... emphysema cau…
growth of tissues in the lung that destroys or blocks the flo…
atelectasis
alveoli are either partially or totally collapsed
asthma
causes bronchial tube walls to spasm, which narrows the passa…
10 terms
Skeletal System Diseases
rheumatoid arthritis
gout
osteoarthritis
carpal tunnel syndrome
synovial membranes thicken
uric acid crystals build up in joints
softening of cartilage in joints
pressure on a nerve in the wrist as a result of repetitive mo…
rheumatoid arthritis
synovial membranes thicken
gout
uric acid crystals build up in joints
14 terms
Muscular System & Diseases
involuntary muscle
voluntary muscle (skeletal muscle)
nerve signal
reflex
a muscle that moves on its own (ex. heart)
a muscle that lets you move the different parts of your body
Electrical signals, Chemical signals
action that happens without your brain's help
involuntary muscle
a muscle that moves on its own (ex. heart)
voluntary muscle (skeletal muscle)
a muscle that lets you move the different parts of your body
16 terms
Cardiovascular System Diseases and Disorders
anemia
aneurysm
angina pectoris
myocardial infarction
blood has an inadequate hemoglobin, red blood cells or both
ballooning out of the arterial wall that weakens the wall and…
heart pain caused by an inadequate supply of oxygen to the he…
heart attack... Death of heart tissue
anemia
blood has an inadequate hemoglobin, red blood cells or both
aneurysm
ballooning out of the arterial wall that weakens the wall and…
17 terms
Digestive System Diseases and Disorders
appendicitis
ascites
cirrhosis
cholelithiasis
inflammation of the appendix, cause unknown
general term used to describe the abnormal accumulation of fl…
group of chronic diseases that involve scarring of liver tissue
presence of stones in the gallbladder
appendicitis
inflammation of the appendix, cause unknown
ascites
general term used to describe the abnormal accumulation of fl…
19 terms
Skeletal System - Diseases
Osteoarthritis
rheumatoid arthritis
bursitits
greenstick
most common form of arthritis that occurs as a result of agin…
chronic inflammatory disease that affects that connective tis…
inflammation of the bursae, which are small fluid filled sacs…
fracture in which bone is bent and splits causing incomplete…
Osteoarthritis
most common form of arthritis that occurs as a result of agin…
rheumatoid arthritis
chronic inflammatory disease that affects that connective tis…
29 terms
Systemic diseases
Benign lesions in bone
Periapical cemento-osseous dysplasia
Periapical cemento-osseous dysplasia
Focal cemento-osseous dysplasia
Cemento-osseous dysplasia and Paget's disease
Called Cementoma... -bone lesion and a reactive /dysplasia inste…
-asymptomatic ... -in white women over 30... -more in the posterior…
Benign lesions in bone
Cemento-osseous dysplasia and Paget's disease
Periapical cemento-osseous dysplasia
Called Cementoma... -bone lesion and a reactive /dysplasia inste…
14 terms
Skeletal System & Diseases
skeleton
skull
periosteum
marrow
a framework of bones that supports and protects all of your s…
a skeleton of the head that protects the brain
outside layer of the bone
jelly-like substance inside the hallow part of bones; it prod…
skeleton
a framework of bones that supports and protects all of your s…
skull
a skeleton of the head that protects the brain
18 terms
Digestive System & Diseases
digestion
mechanical digestion
chemical digestion
salivary amylase
breaking apart the food that we eat, so that our bodies can u…
the physical breaking apart of food
chemicals called enzymes break food into molecules that the b…
an enzyme in your spit that breaks down carbohydrates
digestion
breaking apart the food that we eat, so that our bodies can u…
mechanical digestion
the physical breaking apart of food
27 terms
Respiratory System & Diseases
respiratory system
oxygen
breathing
lungs
a system that carries oxygen to the lungs and eliminates carb…
an invisible gas that we breath to give us energy
air goes in and out of the lungs
two organs that are used to breathe; they are covered by the…
respiratory system
a system that carries oxygen to the lungs and eliminates carb…
oxygen
an invisible gas that we breath to give us energy
117 terms
Systemic Diseases
Eye Examination
Direct pupillary response
Consensual pupillary response
Marcus Gunn pupil
1. Vision... 2. External... 3. Pupils - Relative Afferent Pupillary…
while looking at the pupil, shine a light into the pupil, the…
reflex where a light is shone into one eye, and the opposite…
estimate of optic nerve function, aka... pupillary escape mechan…
Eye Examination
1. Vision... 2. External... 3. Pupils - Relative Afferent Pupillary…
Direct pupillary response
while looking at the pupil, shine a light into the pupil, the…
23 terms
Respiratory System & Diseases
respiratory system
oxygen
breathing
lungs
a system that carries air to the lungs
an invisible gas that we breath to give us energy
the main function of the respiratory system
two organs that are used to breathe; they are the location of…
respiratory system
a system that carries air to the lungs
oxygen
an invisible gas that we breath to give us energy
41 terms
Muscular System-Muscles and Diseases
Masseter
Orbicularis Oris
Orbicularis Oculi
Depressor anguli oris
Masseter
Orbicularis Oris
66 terms
Digestive System and Diseases
Digestive System
Digestive Tract (alimentary canal)
4 layers of digestive tract
Serosa
the group of organs that change food so that it can be used i…
the digestive tube, running from the mouth to the anus; the w…
mucosa, submucosa, muscular layer, serosa
the outermost layer of the digestive tract; composed of conne…
Digestive System
the group of organs that change food so that it can be used i…
Digestive Tract (alimentary canal)
the digestive tube, running from the mouth to the anus; the w…
10 terms
Nervous System & Diseases
nervous system
brain
spinal cord
neurons
control center for the entire body, made up of the brain, spi…
control center of the nervous system
nerves that run up and down the length of the back and transm…
nerve cells that carry messages back & forth
nervous system
control center for the entire body, made up of the brain, spi…
brain
control center of the nervous system
21 terms
Respiratory System & Diseases
respiratory system
oxygen
breathing
lungs
a system that carries air to the lungs
an invisible gas that we breath to give us energy
the main function of the respiratory system
two organs that are used to breathe; they are covered by the…
respiratory system
a system that carries air to the lungs
oxygen
an invisible gas that we breath to give us energy
18 terms
Digestive System & Diseases
digestion
mechanical digestion
chemical digestion
salivary amylase
breaking apart the food that we eat, so that our bodies can u…
the physical breaking apart of food
chemicals called enzymes break food into molecules that the b…
an enzyme in your spit that breaks down carbohydrates
digestion
breaking apart the food that we eat, so that our bodies can u…
mechanical digestion
the physical breaking apart of food
14 terms
Skeletal System & Diseases
skeleton
skull
periosteum
marrow
a framework of bones that supports and protects all of your s…
a skeleton of the head that protects the brain
outside layer of the bone
jelly-like substance inside the hallow part of bones; it prod…
skeleton
a framework of bones that supports and protects all of your s…
skull
a skeleton of the head that protects the brain
8 terms
System Diseases
Integumentary System
Skeletal System
Muscles
Nervous System
1. Skin Burn... 2. Melanoma... 3. Warts (Human papiloma virus)... 4. A…
1. Osteoporosis... 2. Osteosarcoma... 3. Fracture... 4. Herniated Disc…
1. Muscle atrophy. Myoathrpy... 2. Tetanus. Bcterial infection c…
1. MS... 2. Parkinsons (Basal neuclei, dopamine loss)... 3. Alzheim…
Integumentary System
1. Skin Burn... 2. Melanoma... 3. Warts (Human papiloma virus)... 4. A…
Skeletal System
1. Osteoporosis... 2. Osteosarcoma... 3. Fracture... 4. Herniated Disc…
11 terms
System Diseases
Digestive
Circulatory
Reproductive
Integumentary
Diarrhea and IBS
Heart disease and varicose veins
Aids and Hepatitis B
Acne and eczema
Digestive
Diarrhea and IBS
Circulatory
Heart disease and varicose veins
134 terms
Disease system
vascular
vascular
vascular
vascular
atherosclerosis
systemic HTN
ischemic heart disease
AMI
vascular
atherosclerosis
vascular
systemic HTN
166 terms
Systemic Disease
How quickly does acute inflammation oc…
3 major components to acute inflammation
What infiltrates are involved with chr…
Three conditions that cause granulomat…
1-2 minutes
1. vascular dilation to facilitate increased blood flow... 2. in…
Mononuclear cells (macrophages, lymphocytes, and plasma cells…
Sarcoid, syphillis, TB... 3 S's...
How quickly does acute inflammation oc…
1-2 minutes
3 major components to acute inflammation
1. vascular dilation to facilitate increased blood flow... 2. in…
47 terms
Integumentary System diseases and disorders
Abrasion
Cicatrix
Comedo
Contusion
Scraping away top layer skin by friction.
Scar
Collection of hard sebum in skin.... *also known as a blackhead*
Injury, blow to body. ... *SKIN IS NOT BROKEN*
Abrasion
Scraping away top layer skin by friction.
Cicatrix
Scar
47 terms
Musculoskeletal system diseases tina
Open fracture
Closed fracture
Simple or comminuted facture
Methods of fixation for broken bones
bone exposed through skin
bone not exposed through skin
splintered or fragmented fracture
Splints, IM pins, Bone plates
Open fracture
bone exposed through skin
Closed fracture
bone not exposed through skin
8 terms
urinary system diseases (DHO)
cystitis
glomerulonephritis
pyelonephritis
renal calculus
inflammation of the bladder more common in females because of…
"nephritis" an inflammation of the glomerulus.
inflammation of the kidney tissue and renal pelvis
"urinary calculus" a kidney stone, formed when salts in the u…
cystitis
inflammation of the bladder more common in females because of…
glomerulonephritis
"nephritis" an inflammation of the glomerulus.
21 terms
SKELETAL SYSTEM DISEASES AND DISORDERS
BURSITIS
OSTEOPOROSIS
SCOLIOSIS
Rhuematoid Arthritis
INFLAMMATION OF THE BURSAE
INCREASED POROSITY OR SOFETNING OF THE BONES CAUSED BY LACK O…
SIDE-TO-SIDE CURVATURE OF THE SPINE
autoimmune arthritis that affects the joints; membrane surrou…
BURSITIS
INFLAMMATION OF THE BURSAE
OSTEOPOROSIS
INCREASED POROSITY OR SOFETNING OF THE BONES CAUSED BY LACK O…
189 terms
Systemic Diseases
What is the anatomy and function of th…
What hormones are produced by thyroid?…
*** What are the effects of TSH and TR…
What are diseases of thyroid?
- Thyroid is located at the anterior neck, bilateral and 2 lo…
- Thyroxine; T4;... - Triiodothyronine; T3; more potent than T4;…
- Hypothalamus releases TRH which stimulates anterior pituita…
- Hypothyroidism - primary, autoimmune, iatrogenic, surgical,…
What is the anatomy and function of th…
- Thyroid is located at the anterior neck, bilateral and 2 lo…
What hormones are produced by thyroid?…
- Thyroxine; T4;... - Triiodothyronine; T3; more potent than T4;…
26 terms
Diseases of the Nervous System
Anatomy of meninges
Lumbar Puncture Technique
Macroscopic Exam
Elevated CSF protein is seen in
1. Pia mater= adheres to the brain and spinal cord.... 2. Arachn…
needle between 4th and 5th vertebrae because the spinal cord…
Protein concentration is falsely elevated by the presence of…
infections, intracranial hemorrhages, multiple sclerosis, Gui…
Anatomy of meninges
1. Pia mater= adheres to the brain and spinal cord.... 2. Arachn…
Lumbar Puncture Technique
needle between 4th and 5th vertebrae because the spinal cord…
30 terms
System and diseases
Integumentary System
Integumentary System
Integumentary System
Integumentary System
Acne
Wart
Shingles
Athlete's Foot
Integumentary System
Acne
Integumentary System
Wart
106 terms
Systemic Diseases
Jaundice
What happens to the skin and mucosa in…
Does jaundice have a specific diagnost…
What does bilirubin come from?
excess bilirubin in the bloodstream... (also accumulates in the…
yellowish discoloration of the skin and mucosa (including the…
Not a specific sign--requires physical examination and lab st…
Derived from the breakdown of hemoglobin
Jaundice
excess bilirubin in the bloodstream... (also accumulates in the…
What happens to the skin and mucosa in…
yellowish discoloration of the skin and mucosa (including the…
15 terms
Endocrine System & Diseases
endocrine system
pituitary gland
thyroid gland
adrenal glands
a system made up of glands that is in charge of making sure y…
attached to the hypothalamus and rules the actions of other g…
releases hormones that control how fast your body's cells bur…
regulate your response to stress, also regulates salt and sex…
endocrine system
a system made up of glands that is in charge of making sure y…
pituitary gland
attached to the hypothalamus and rules the actions of other g…
10 terms
Nervous System & Diseases
nervous system
brain
spinal cord
neurons
control center for the entire body, made up of the brain, spi…
control center of the nervous system
nerves that run up and down the length of the back and transm…
nerve cells that carry messages back & forth
nervous system
control center for the entire body, made up of the brain, spi…
brain
control center of the nervous system
15 terms
Circulatory System - Diseases
Anemia
Aneurysm
Arteriosclerosis
Atherosclerosis
-Low number of RBC or hemoglobin... -Symptoms: Paleness, tired... -…
Ballooning out of an artery wall. If ruptures, hemorrhage occ…
Hardening or thickening of arterial walls. Aging change. Caus…
Fatty plaques (usually cholesterol) are deposited on the wall…
Anemia
-Low number of RBC or hemoglobin... -Symptoms: Paleness, tired... -…
Aneurysm
Ballooning out of an artery wall. If ruptures, hemorrhage occ…
32 terms
Respiratory System & Diseases
respiratory system
oxygen
breathing
lungs
a system that carries air to the lungs. your cells would die…
an invisible gas that we breath to give us energy
the main function of the respiratory system
two organs that are used to breathe; they are covered by the…
respiratory system
a system that carries air to the lungs. your cells would die…
oxygen
an invisible gas that we breath to give us energy
39 terms
Digestive System Diseases
dysphagia
eructation
flatulence
halitosis
difficulty with swallowing that may be due to an obstruction…
release of air from the stomach through the mouth
gas expelled through the anus
bad smelling breath
dysphagia
difficulty with swallowing that may be due to an obstruction…
eructation
release of air from the stomach through the mouth
10 terms
SKELETAL SYSTEM DISEASES AND DISORDERS
ARTHRITIS
BURSITIS
FRACTURE
DISLOCATION
INFLAMMATION OF THE JOINTS
INFLAMMATION OF THE BURSAE
CRACK OR BREAK IN A BONE
WHEN A BONE IS FORCIBLY DISPLACED FROM A JOINT
ARTHRITIS
INFLAMMATION OF THE JOINTS
BURSITIS
INFLAMMATION OF THE BURSAE
44 terms
Skeletal System - Joints and Diseases
Bone to bone
Muscle to bone
Fibrous joints
Sutures
What do ligaments connect?
What do tendons connect?
Type of joint that consists of two bones united by fibrous ti…
The name for the fibrous joints between skull bones.
Bone to bone
What do ligaments connect?
Muscle to bone
What do tendons connect?
17 terms
Diseases and Disorders of the Nervous System
Epilepsy
Stroke/ Cerebrovascular Accident
Seizure
Alzheimer's Disease
A disorder of the central nervous system characterized by los…
A sudden attack of weakness or paralysis that occurs when blo…
Paroxysmal, uncontrolled electrical discharge of neurons in t…
A progressive and irreversible brain disorder characterized b…
Epilepsy
A disorder of the central nervous system characterized by los…
Stroke/ Cerebrovascular Accident
A sudden attack of weakness or paralysis that occurs when blo…
31 terms
Integumentary System and Diseases
the skin and its derivatives
Functions of the skin
medical term for skin
Three layers of skin
Integumentary System
protection, the regulation of body temperature, sensory recep…
Cutaneous Membrane
epidermis, dermis, subcutaneous tissue
the skin and its derivatives
Integumentary System
Functions of the skin
protection, the regulation of body temperature, sensory recep…
17 terms
Immune System and Diseases
microorganisms
pathogens
infectious disease
toxin
living things too small to see without a microscope
organisms that cause disease
Any disease caused by the growth of pathogens in the body; di…
A poisonous substance
microorganisms
living things too small to see without a microscope
pathogens
organisms that cause disease
12 terms
Urinary System Diseases and Pathology
Glomerulonephritis
Interstitial Nephritis
Nephrolithiasis
Nephritic Syndrome
Inflammation of the glomeruli within the kidney
Inflammation of the connective tissue that lies between the r…
Kidney stones; renal calculi
Nephrosis; group of clinical signs and symptoms caused by exc…
Glomerulonephritis
Inflammation of the glomeruli within the kidney
Interstitial Nephritis
Inflammation of the connective tissue that lies between the r…
18 terms
Diseases of the Female Reproductive System
ectopic pregnancy
eclampsia
endometritis
endometriosis
implantation of the fertilized egg outside the uterine cavity…
a toxic condition characterized by convulsions and possibly c…
inflammation of the lining of the uterus
the presence of endometrium elsewhere than in the lining of t…
ectopic pregnancy
implantation of the fertilized egg outside the uterine cavity…
eclampsia
a toxic condition characterized by convulsions and possibly c…
15 terms
Respiratory System Diseases & Disorders
Alveoli
Bronchiectasis
Bronchoscopy
Cilia
The many tiny air sacs in the lungs where the exchange of oxy…
A chronic or long-term dilation of a bronchus or bronchi alon…
A diagnostic or surgical procedure in which a scope is passed…
Tiny, hairlike structures that work to seep dust laden mucous…
Alveoli
The many tiny air sacs in the lungs where the exchange of oxy…
Bronchiectasis
A chronic or long-term dilation of a bronchus or bronchi alon…
32 terms
Digestive System diseases & disorders
Achlorhydria
Adhesions
Asymptomatic
Colorectal
absence of hydrochloric acid
parts of tissue that cling to the surface of adjoining organs…
not displaying symptoms
pertaining to both the colon and rectum
Achlorhydria
absence of hydrochloric acid
Adhesions
parts of tissue that cling to the surface of adjoining organs…
12 terms
Integumentary System Diseases
acne
vitiligo
athlete's feet
cold sore
inflamed oil glands characterized by red pimples on the skin
causes the loss of skin color in patches
caused by a fungus; symptoms include itching, burning, cracke…
fluid-filled blisters around the lip; caused by the Herpes vi…
acne
inflamed oil glands characterized by red pimples on the skin
vitiligo
causes the loss of skin color in patches
52 terms
Diseases of the Musculoskeletal System
ligament
tendon
osteoblast
osteoclast
what connects bone to bone?
what connects muscle to bone?
what cells make new bone?
what cells remove bone?
ligament
what connects bone to bone?
tendon
what connects muscle to bone?
30 terms
Diseases and Disorders of the Skeletal System
Scoliosis
Kyphosis
Lordosis
Arthralgia
abnormal lateral curvature in the spin
humpback; abnormal outward curvature in the spine
swayback; abnormal inward curvature of the spine
pain in a joint or joints
Scoliosis
abnormal lateral curvature in the spin
Kyphosis
humpback; abnormal outward curvature in the spine
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