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Study sets matching "system diseases"

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Study sets matching "system diseases"

238 terms
Systemic Disease
Type of Herpes most commonly associate…
Most common cause of *herpetic keratit…
What type of hypersensitivity reaction…
Sign associated w/ Herpes Zoster Virus
I
Type II HSV
Type IV delayed hypersensitivity reaction
Hutchinson's Sign
Type of Herpes most commonly associate…
I
Most common cause of *herpetic keratit…
Type II HSV
47 terms
Diseases of the Peripheral Nervous System
Components of a Motor Unit (Lower Moto…
CNS Components of Muscle Control
Pyramidal Tracts
Cerebellum
Anterior Horn Cell → Root → Spinal Nerve → Plexus → Periphera…
Pyramidal Tract - Upper Motor Neurons... Cerebellum - Coordinati…
Arises from the Motor Cortex- parts of body with finest movem…
Attached to Brainstem by 3 Cerebellar Peduncles. Projects neu…
Components of a Motor Unit (Lower Moto…
Anterior Horn Cell → Root → Spinal Nerve → Plexus → Periphera…
CNS Components of Muscle Control
Pyramidal Tract - Upper Motor Neurons... Cerebellum - Coordinati…
12 terms
Diseases of the Nervous System
bacterial meningitis s&s
bacterial meningitis pathogens and vir…
Meningococcal meningitis
Pneumococcal pneumonia
Sudden high fever and severe meningeal inflammation... Encephal…
Five species cause 90% of bacterial meningitis cases
Neisseria meningitidis ... (gram-negative diplococci)... 13 strai…
Streptococcus pneumoniae... (gram-positive cocci, short chains…
bacterial meningitis s&s
Sudden high fever and severe meningeal inflammation... Encephal…
bacterial meningitis pathogens and vir…
Five species cause 90% of bacterial meningitis cases
Diseases of the Nervous system
GT
Disorders
Meningitis
Encephalitis
Neuralgia: nerve pain... Neuritis: inflammation of a nerve... Neu…
Hydrocephalus- increased cerebrospinal fluid(CSF) surrounding…
inflammation of the meninges (coverings of the brain and spin…
inflammation of the brain: leads to nerve cell degeneration a…
GT
Neuralgia: nerve pain... Neuritis: inflammation of a nerve... Neu…
Disorders
Hydrocephalus- increased cerebrospinal fluid(CSF) surrounding…
25 terms
Skeletal System Diseases & Disorders
Osteochondroma
Osteosarcoma
Chondrosarcoma
Osteoporosis
Develops early in bone growth causes projections at the ends…
Most common primary malignant tumor of skeletal tissue
Malignant tumor of hyaline cartilage arising from chondroblasts
Excessive loss of calcified matrix, bone mineral, and collage…
Osteochondroma
Develops early in bone growth causes projections at the ends…
Osteosarcoma
Most common primary malignant tumor of skeletal tissue
32 terms
Systemic disease
Ocular complications of stroke
Stroke warning Signs
Ocular complications of Diabetes
T or F CN3 palsy caused by diabetes is…
Visual field loss... EOM palsies
Weakness... Trouble speaking... vision problems... headache... dizziness
Diabetic Retinopathy... Lens: cataract or refractive change... Iris…
True
Ocular complications of stroke
Visual field loss... EOM palsies
Stroke warning Signs
Weakness... Trouble speaking... vision problems... headache... dizziness
15 terms
Digestive System Diseases and disorders ( DHO text)
Appendicitis
Cholecystitis
Cirrhosis
Constipation
inflammation of the appendix due to obstruction or infection
inflammation of the gallbladder usually due to gallstones
chronic destruction of liver cells accompanied by the formati…
when fecal material (waste products) remain in the colon for…
Appendicitis
inflammation of the appendix due to obstruction or infection
Cholecystitis
inflammation of the gallbladder usually due to gallstones
10 terms
Muscular System Diseases and Disorders
muscle atrophy
disuse atrophy
cramp
hypertonia
wasting of muscle tissue, muscle becomes smaller
muscle atrophy due to lack of use, i.e. body part in cast for…
painful, involuntary skeletal muscle contraction
increased muscle tone causing spasticity or rigidity
muscle atrophy
wasting of muscle tissue, muscle becomes smaller
disuse atrophy
muscle atrophy due to lack of use, i.e. body part in cast for…
29 terms
Human Diseases Diseases of Gastrointestinal System
bile
duodenum
peristalsis
Pyloric sphincter
substance secreted by the liver and necessary for fat digesti…
first section of the small intestine; receives digested mater…
muscle contractions that propel food during the digestive pro…
the sphincter muscle through which food passes from the stoma…
bile
substance secreted by the liver and necessary for fat digesti…
duodenum
first section of the small intestine; receives digested mater…
12 terms
Diseases of the nervous system
Intravertebral disc
IVDD
IVDD Type I
IVDD Type II
Intravertebral disc disease
Extrusion of nucleus pulposus through ruptured annulus
Extrusion of nucleus pulposus causes annulus to press on spin…
Intravertebral disc
IVDD
Intravertebral disc disease
72 terms
Degenerative diseases of the nervous system
Degenerative Diseases: Locations
Cortex Diseases
Caudate Diseases
Midbrain Diseases
-Cortex... -Caudate ... -Midbrain... -Spinocerebellar Degeneration…
-Alzheimer's Disease... -*Pick's Disease and other Frontotemp…
Huntington's Disease
-Parkinson's Disease (Idiopathic)... >Idiopathic ... >Post-infect…
Degenerative Diseases: Locations
-Cortex... -Caudate ... -Midbrain... -Spinocerebellar Degeneration…
Cortex Diseases
-Alzheimer's Disease... -*Pick's Disease and other Frontotemp…
71 terms
Systemic Disease
What are the 3 major components (syste…
What 4 general clinical signs occur wi…
What 3 systemic changes occur with chr…
Name the 4 types of necrosis and what…
1. Vascular changes (dilation)... 2. Increased microvasculature…
1. Rubor (redness)... 2. Calor (heat)... 3. Dolor (pain)... 4. Tumor (…
1. Infiltration of mononuclear cells (macro, lympho, & plasma…
1. Coagulative - Myocardial infarction... 2. Liquefactive - In t…
What are the 3 major components (syste…
1. Vascular changes (dilation)... 2. Increased microvasculature…
What 4 general clinical signs occur wi…
1. Rubor (redness)... 2. Calor (heat)... 3. Dolor (pain)... 4. Tumor (…
13 terms
Diseases of the nervous system and eyes
Bacterial Meningitis
Meningococcal Meningitis
Haemophilus influenzae meningitis
Pneumococcal meningitis
High CSF leukocyte count... High fever... Inflammation of meninges…
infection caused by the bacterium Neisseria meningitidis. ... Gr…
children under 5 years of age. ... most frequently in 1 month up…
Streptococcus pneumoniae most common cause of meningitis in a…
Bacterial Meningitis
High CSF leukocyte count... High fever... Inflammation of meninges…
Meningococcal Meningitis
infection caused by the bacterium Neisseria meningitidis. ... Gr…
9 terms
Diseases and Conditions of the Digestive System
Dental Caries
Gingivitis
Periodontitis
Malocclusion
infection resulting in erosion of the tooth surface
inflammation and swelling of the gums
destructive gum and bone disease around one or more of the te…
specific angles of malposition and contact of the maxillary a…
Dental Caries
infection resulting in erosion of the tooth surface
Gingivitis
inflammation and swelling of the gums
44 terms
Diseases of the Peripheral Nervous System
Components of a Motor Unit (Lower Moto…
CNS Components of Muscle Control
Pyramidal Tracts
Cerebellum
Anterior Horn Cell → Root → Spinal Nerve → Plexus → Periphera…
Pyramidal Tract - Upper Motor Neurons... Cerebellum - Coordinati…
Arises from the Motor Cortex- parts of body with finest movem…
Attached to Brainstem by 3 Cerebellar Peduncles. Projects neu…
Components of a Motor Unit (Lower Moto…
Anterior Horn Cell → Root → Spinal Nerve → Plexus → Periphera…
CNS Components of Muscle Control
Pyramidal Tract - Upper Motor Neurons... Cerebellum - Coordinati…
119 terms
Systemic Disease
Acute inflammation occurs the SAME eve…
Chronic inflammation does NOT act the…
I say Granulomatous, you think what 2…
Reversible cell injury results in a de…
Vascular dilation, increased permeability, infiltration of ne…
Infiltration of mononuclear cells (macrophages, lymphocytes a…
Chronic and macrophages
Dec Na/K/ATPase and Dec Na = edema
Acute inflammation occurs the SAME eve…
Vascular dilation, increased permeability, infiltration of ne…
Chronic inflammation does NOT act the…
Infiltration of mononuclear cells (macrophages, lymphocytes a…
12 terms
Cardiovascular system - Diseases and conditions
Angina
Arrythmia
Fibrillation
Arteriosclerosis
Chest pain, mild to severe
Irregularity in the rate or rhythm of the heart
Arrhythmia in which there is an abnormally rapid, uncoordinat…
Hardening and narrowing of the arteries, loss of elasticity
Angina
Chest pain, mild to severe
Arrythmia
Irregularity in the rate or rhythm of the heart
163 terms
Diseases of the Cardiovascular System
Cardiac muscle
Lining of the chambers of the heart
Double membrane sac
Do we premed for problems outside of t…
Myocardium
Endocardium
Periocardium
No
Cardiac muscle
Myocardium
Lining of the chambers of the heart
Endocardium
16 terms
Reproductive system diseases
1) amenorrhea
2) breast cancer
3) cervical cancer
4) endometriosis
An abnormal absence of menstruation
Cancer that forms in the cells of the breast
A malignant tumor of the cervix, the lowermost part of the ut…
A disorder in which tissue that normally lines the uterus gro…
1) amenorrhea
An abnormal absence of menstruation
2) breast cancer
Cancer that forms in the cells of the breast
28 terms
The Integumentary System (Diseases and Disorders)
Actinic keratosis
Albinism
Alopecia
Burn
Precancerous condition cause by exposure to sunlight
The reduction of the pigment melanin in the skin (albinos)
Baldness
Classified as:... Partial-thickness burn (epidermis)... Full-thickn…
Actinic keratosis
Precancerous condition cause by exposure to sunlight
Albinism
The reduction of the pigment melanin in the skin (albinos)
Endocrine System Diseases
Hypothyroidsim
Hypothyroidism Clinical Signs
Hypothyroidism Dx
Hypothyroidism Tx
Low thyroid hormone levels... Common in dogs, rare in cats and l…
Wt gain (inability to lose wt), leth (slowed activity), cold…
Thyroid profile: T4, T3, TSH, autoantibodies (decreased t4 &…
Thyroid supplement for life... Monitor blood work
Hypothyroidsim
Low thyroid hormone levels... Common in dogs, rare in cats and l…
Hypothyroidism Clinical Signs
Wt gain (inability to lose wt), leth (slowed activity), cold…
139 terms
Diseases and Disorders of the Neurological System
CNS
PNS
Somatic Division
Autonomic Division
Central Nervous System, the part of the nervous system consis…
Peripheral Nervous System, the part of the nervous system tha…
The part of the peripheral nervous system associated with ske…
The division of the peripheral nervous system that influences…
CNS
Central Nervous System, the part of the nervous system consis…
PNS
Peripheral Nervous System, the part of the nervous system tha…
11 terms
Skeletal System Diseases and Disorders
arthritis
osteoarthritis
rheumatoid arthritis (RA)
bursitis
inflammation of joint
degenerative, most commonly seen in older adults, affects wei…
autoimmune disorder, joint inflammation and systemic symptoms…
inflammation of one or more bursae
arthritis
inflammation of joint
osteoarthritis
degenerative, most commonly seen in older adults, affects wei…
5 terms
Urinary System Diseases
Nephrosis
Nephrolith
Urethritis
Nocturia
noninflammatory disease of the kidneys
a kidney stone
inflammation of the urethra
frequently getting up and urinating during the night
Nephrosis
noninflammatory disease of the kidneys
Nephrolith
a kidney stone
96 terms
Pathology - Diseases of the Gastrointestinal System
What are the walls of the Digestive Tu…
Mucosa
Submucosa
Musculosa
Mucosa... Submucosa... Musculosa... Adventitia
EPITHELIUM: simple columnar non-ciliated (except esophagus &…
blood vessels... nerves... lymphatics... except esophagus and 1st part…
INNER CIRCULAR smooth muscle layer... OUTER LONGITUDINAL smooth…
What are the walls of the Digestive Tu…
Mucosa... Submucosa... Musculosa... Adventitia
Mucosa
EPITHELIUM: simple columnar non-ciliated (except esophagus &…
33 terms
Diseases and disorders of the integumentary system
tinea
acne
burn
herpes
fungal infection of the skin, ringworm
results from bacterial infection of sebaceous glands and ducts
caused by exposure to fire, electricity, chemicals, or sunlight
viral skin eruption that produces clusters of deep blisters
tinea
fungal infection of the skin, ringworm
acne
results from bacterial infection of sebaceous glands and ducts
11 terms
Muscular System Diseases
Charley horse
Fibromyalgia
Fibromyositis
Hernia
A sudden, involuntary contraction of one or more muscles (cra…
Widespread muscle pain and tenderness and is often accompanie…
Is a condition that is characterized by generalized muscular…
A bulging of an organ or tissue through an abnormal opening.…
Charley horse
A sudden, involuntary contraction of one or more muscles (cra…
Fibromyalgia
Widespread muscle pain and tenderness and is often accompanie…
130 terms
Diseases-Romich-Endocrine System
endocrine system
endo-
-crine
target organs
ductless glands that secrete hormones into the bloodstream
within
secrete or separate
tissues and organs on which the hormones act
endocrine system
ductless glands that secrete hormones into the bloodstream
endo-
within
16 terms
Respiratory System Diseases- Treatment
Laryngitis
Allergic Rhinitis
Sinusitis
Pharyngitis
Resting the voice, diagnose and treat underlying disease or d…
Management consists of:... 1. Environmental control measures and…
Analgesics for pain relief, decongestants, antibiotics for co…
Warm saline gargles, analgesics, drugs to relieve fever or an…
Laryngitis
Resting the voice, diagnose and treat underlying disease or d…
Allergic Rhinitis
Management consists of:... 1. Environmental control measures and…
42 terms
Diseases and Disorders of Circulatory System
anemia
Iron deficiency anemia
Aplastic anemia
Acute blood loss anemia
Condition of certain things lacking in blood
Most common; inadequate amount of iron
Results from injury or destruction of blood cell formation or…
low red cell count occurring over an extended period of time…
anemia
Condition of certain things lacking in blood
Iron deficiency anemia
Most common; inadequate amount of iron
34 terms
Diseases of the Digestive System
What are predisposing factors?
What are the different ways of disease…
What are some Diseases of the Mouth?
Dental carries are?
Inhibition of natural defenses (anatacids, tonsillectomy), an…
Four F'S, Fecal oral route. 1. Food or water borne. 2.Direct…
Dental Caries and Periodontal Disease
Streptococcus mutans, bacteria that grows from sucrose, (TRAM…
What are predisposing factors?
Inhibition of natural defenses (anatacids, tonsillectomy), an…
What are the different ways of disease…
Four F'S, Fecal oral route. 1. Food or water borne. 2.Direct…
19 terms
Pathophysiology of respiratory system diseases
primary functions of the respiratory s…
secondary functions of the respiratory…
upper respiratory tract consist of
nose
provides O2 for metabolism in the tissues... removes carbon diox…
facilitates sense of smell... produces speech ... maintains acid/ba…
nasal cavity... sinuses... pharyngeal tonsils... nasopharynx... pharynx... l…
humidifies, warms and filters inspired air
primary functions of the respiratory s…
provides O2 for metabolism in the tissues... removes carbon diox…
secondary functions of the respiratory…
facilitates sense of smell... produces speech ... maintains acid/ba…
112 terms
Cardiovascular and lymphatic system diseases
cardiovascular system consists of
blood vessels consists of
layers of the heart
pericardium
the heart and blood vessels
arteries... veins... capillaries
pericardium... endocardium
outer covering
cardiovascular system consists of
the heart and blood vessels
blood vessels consists of
arteries... veins... capillaries
23 terms
Infectious Disease of the Nervous System
General principles of nervous system i…
Principles of viral infections
Herpes simplex encephalitis
Bell's Palsy and vestibular neuritis;…
damage can be due to... 1) direct effect of organism... 2) host imm…
lots of phenotypic hetergeneity... seven syndromes... 1) acute ase…
Evolves over several days... viral encephalitis pattern: fever,…
HSV remains dormant in ganglia and reactivates, causing dysfu…
General principles of nervous system i…
damage can be due to... 1) direct effect of organism... 2) host imm…
Principles of viral infections
lots of phenotypic hetergeneity... seven syndromes... 1) acute ase…
9 terms
Circulatory System: diseases
Infectious Mononucleosis [etiology]
Infectious Mononucleosis [symptoms]
Infectious Mononucleosis [treatment]
Infectious Mononucleosis [diagnosis]
acute infectious disease... mostly affects ages 15-30... female:mal…
fever, headache, malaise, sore throat
no specific treatment; sore throat --> cortisone
routine blood smear... wright stain showing high leukocyte count…
Infectious Mononucleosis [etiology]
acute infectious disease... mostly affects ages 15-30... female:mal…
Infectious Mononucleosis [symptoms]
fever, headache, malaise, sore throat
48 terms
Systemic Disease
if scleroderma is accompanied by inter…
skin involvement is restricted to hand…
skin involvement may also include ches…
is systemic sclerosis more common in m…
systemic sclerosis
limited cutaneous systemic sclerosis
diffuse cutaneous systemic sclerosis
female:male= 4:1 (80%)... 30-50
if scleroderma is accompanied by inter…
systemic sclerosis
skin involvement is restricted to hand…
limited cutaneous systemic sclerosis
39 terms
Diseases of Cardiovascular System
Electrocardiographic Recording - EKG,…
ECG - electrodes
EKG - analysis
P-Wave
1912... Very useful tool... Clinical situation... Animal position:... Non…
Attached to skin... RA LA - behind olecranon... RL LL - over patell…
Heart rate... Heart rhythm... Measure intervals - P wave, P-R inter…
Depolarization of the atria... Impulse from Sinoatrial node to A…
Electrocardiographic Recording - EKG,…
1912... Very useful tool... Clinical situation... Animal position:... Non…
ECG - electrodes
Attached to skin... RA LA - behind olecranon... RL LL - over patell…
103 terms
Diseases-Romich-Urinary System
urinary system
urea
homeostasis
urin/o and ur/o
removes wastes from the body by constantly filtering blood
major waste product of protein metabolism
stable internal environment; involves continually adjusting t…
urine or pertaining to the urinary organs
urinary system
removes wastes from the body by constantly filtering blood
urea
major waste product of protein metabolism
38 terms
Respiratory System diseases
physical defenses
chemical barriers
other defenses
normal flora (upper only)
cillia, mucous
antimicrobial peptides
phagocytes and IgA
-moraxella... -nonhemolytic & alpha hemolytic strep... -corynebac…
physical defenses
cillia, mucous
chemical barriers
antimicrobial peptides
84 terms
Integumentary System Diseases and Disorders
Abrasion
Alopecia
Avulsion
Blunt trauma
scraping away of the skin surface
partial or complete hair loss
a portion of skin is pulled or torn away
a wound or injury caused by an object with a flat, dull, or n…
Abrasion
scraping away of the skin surface
Alopecia
partial or complete hair loss
23 terms
Systemic Disease
Name three vitamin/mineral deficiencie…
What is the inheritance pattern of hem…
What is the organism responsible for C…
Intracavitary cystic lesions and hydat…
- Thiamine: high output, wet beri beri ... - Carnitine: TPN, liv…
- Autosomal recessive (HLA-linked HFA gene)
- Protozoan parasite Trypanosoma cruzi ... - Biventricular enlar…
- Echinococus granulosus
Name three vitamin/mineral deficiencie…
- Thiamine: high output, wet beri beri ... - Carnitine: TPN, liv…
What is the inheritance pattern of hem…
- Autosomal recessive (HLA-linked HFA gene)
Nervous System Diseases
Epilepsy
Epilepsy Etiology
Epilepsy Dx
Epilepsy Signalment
Repeated episodes of seizures
Idiopathic, genetic
Exclusion of all other possibilities
92% purebred dogs... 1st seizure: 1-5yr... Less than/equal to 4wks…
Epilepsy
Repeated episodes of seizures
Epilepsy Etiology
Idiopathic, genetic
76 terms
Infectious disease and the immune system
immune system primary defenses
immune system secondary defenses
specific immune response
Blood clots
which prevent entry of pathogens into the body - skin and muc…
cell mediated or humoral (antibody) mediated immune system re…
means that the response deals only with one pathogen that pos…
platelets help reduce the loss of blood and make a temporary…
immune system primary defenses
which prevent entry of pathogens into the body - skin and muc…
immune system secondary defenses
cell mediated or humoral (antibody) mediated immune system re…
Diseases- Respiratory System
Radiographs/Ultrasound
Thoracocentesis
Transtracheal Wash
Bronchoscope
-Ventral Dorsal and lateral... -May have to avoid VD if animal i…
Looking for fluid in the chest cavity = "chest tap"
-Catheter is placed thru the tracheal rings, below the larynx…
Endoscope is advanced through the nostrils down to the level…
Radiographs/Ultrasound
-Ventral Dorsal and lateral... -May have to avoid VD if animal i…
Thoracocentesis
Looking for fluid in the chest cavity = "chest tap"
73 terms
Respiratory System Diseases and Disorders
What is Respiration
What do Respiration do for the body?
What is External Respiration?
What is Internal Respiration?
The primary function of the lungs!
It maintains life by supplying oxygen to cells and allows rem…
In the lungs, O2 inhaled from the air is exchanged with CO2 f…
The exchange of gases between the blood and tissue cells.
What is Respiration
The primary function of the lungs!
What do Respiration do for the body?
It maintains life by supplying oxygen to cells and allows rem…
48 terms
INFECTIOUS DISEASES OF THE MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM
1) INFECTIONS OF PROSTHESIS AND IMPLANTS
Incidence:
Pathogenesis:
what is the most common bacteria to ca…
...
less than 1.5%, but as prothesis/implants become more common,…
Bacteria adhere tightly to the implant surface and form biofi…
STAPHYLOCOCCI
1) INFECTIONS OF PROSTHESIS AND IMPLANTS
...
Incidence:
less than 1.5%, but as prothesis/implants become more common,…
53 terms
Cardiovascular system diseases
Doxazosin (Alpha 1 adrenergic blocke…
Prazosin (Alpha 1 adrenergic blocker…
Terazosin (Alpha 1 adrenergic blocke…
Benazepril (Angiotensin Converting E…
Cardura
Minipress
Hytrin
Lotensin
Doxazosin (Alpha 1 adrenergic blocke…
Cardura
Prazosin (Alpha 1 adrenergic blocker…
Minipress
12 terms
Bacterial diseases of the urinary system
Cystitis pathogen -bladder infection
Cystitis symptoms
Cystitis diagnosis
Cystitis treatment
escherichia coli, staphylococcus saprophyticus
difficulty or pain urinating
under 100 CFU/ml potential pathogens and an LE test
trimethoprimsulfamethoxazole
Cystitis pathogen -bladder infection
escherichia coli, staphylococcus saprophyticus
Cystitis symptoms
difficulty or pain urinating
25 terms
equine respiratory system diseases
streptococcal
environment,housing
equine viral rhinopneumonitis
equine influenza
-_________ bacteria are very common opportunists that contrib…
-________ and _________ play a significant role in contributi…
-herpes virus affecting the respiratory system... -can cause…
-clinical signs: similar to those in people, *but not the sam…
streptococcal
-_________ bacteria are very common opportunists that contrib…
environment,housing
-________ and _________ play a significant role in contributi…
17 terms
Nervous System Common Diseases
MS multiple sclerosis
cerebrovascular accident
transcient ischemic heart attack
epilepsy
immune system attacks protective sheath (myelin)that cover ne…
sudden death of brain cells due to lack of O2
stroke warning,mini strokes, caused by clot
neurological disorder ,nerve cell activities in the brain Bec…
MS multiple sclerosis
immune system attacks protective sheath (myelin)that cover ne…
cerebrovascular accident
sudden death of brain cells due to lack of O2
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