Study sets matching "system diseases"

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Study sets matching "system diseases"

Sensory System Diseases
Hyperopia
Myopia
Presbyopia
Astigmatism
Farsighted
Nearsighted
Lens loses elasticity after age 40
Irregular curvature of the lens
Hyperopia
Farsighted
Myopia
Nearsighted
15 terms
Diseases of the Reproductive System
Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (A…
Cervical Cancer
Chlamydia
Endometriosis
Viral infection that attacks the body's immune system
type of cancer that occurs in the cells of the cervix — the l…
STD caused by a specialized bacterium that lives as an intrac…
Growth of endometrial tissue outside the uterus
Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (A…
Viral infection that attacks the body's immune system
Cervical Cancer
type of cancer that occurs in the cells of the cervix — the l…
124 terms
Diseases of Immune System Infectious Diseases
Lymphatic System protects us from?
Lymphocytes... (specific defense)
Non-specific defenses... innate immunity
Types of Lymphocytes
protects us against disease!... (ie. environmental pathogens, to…
identify, attack and develop immunity to specific pathogen
block or attack any potential infectious organism... (ie. fever,…
T cells - Thymus-dependent... B cells - bone marrow-derived... NK c…
Lymphatic System protects us from?
protects us against disease!... (ie. environmental pathogens, to…
Lymphocytes... (specific defense)
identify, attack and develop immunity to specific pathogen
Diseases of cardiovascular System JLN
Aneurysm
Aplastic Anemia
Arterosclerosis
Atherosclerosis
Aneurysms are weak areas on the wall of a blood vessel, usual…
Blood contains red cells, white cells, and platelets. The red…
Arteriosclerosis is hardening of the arteries.
Definition: Atherosclerosis is a disease of the arterial bloo…
Aneurysm
Aneurysms are weak areas on the wall of a blood vessel, usual…
Aplastic Anemia
Blood contains red cells, white cells, and platelets. The red…
Infectious Diseases of the Nervous System
Meningitis (Neiserria meningitidis)
Neiserria meningitidis signs/symptoms
Neiserria meningitidis transmission
Neiserria meningitidis culture/diagnosis
most serious form of acute meningitis
sudden fever; chills; delirium; petechiae; death within a few…
secretions/droplets (close contact)
spinal tap
Meningitis (Neiserria meningitidis)
most serious form of acute meningitis
Neiserria meningitidis signs/symptoms
sudden fever; chills; delirium; petechiae; death within a few…
Diseases and Disorders of the Circulatory System
Congestive Heart Failure
Peripheral Artery Disease
Stroke
Arrhythmia
when the heart can't pump enough blood to meet the body's needs
a condition in which narrowed blood vessels reduce blood flow…
when the flow of oxygen-rich blood to a portion of the brain…
an improper beating of the heart, whether irregular, too fast…
Congestive Heart Failure
when the heart can't pump enough blood to meet the body's needs
Peripheral Artery Disease
a condition in which narrowed blood vessels reduce blood flow…
Microbial Diseases of the Digestive System
Describe the cause of dental caries.
Describe the treatment and prevention…
Describe the effect of Helicobacter py…
Describe the S&S of ulcers.
Begins when bacteria, Streptococcus mutans produce an insolub…
Tx of cavities-fill small cavities, remove overlay the tooth…
Form peptic ulcers, abdominal pain
Abodominal pain, shock in cardiovascular, nausea, vomiting, w…
Describe the cause of dental caries.
Begins when bacteria, Streptococcus mutans produce an insolub…
Describe the treatment and prevention…
Tx of cavities-fill small cavities, remove overlay the tooth…
Systemic Disease
Jaundice
Addisons Disease
Autoimmune polyendocrinopathy candidia…
Cushings Syndrome
Not a disease- just a sign... BILIRUBINEMIA- unconjugated biliru…
Hypocorticolism... Primary: destruction of adrenal cortex(autoim…
Hypoparathyroidism with candidiasis
Hypercorticolism... Increased ACTH from anterior pituitary... Affec…
Jaundice
Not a disease- just a sign... BILIRUBINEMIA- unconjugated biliru…
Addisons Disease
Hypocorticolism... Primary: destruction of adrenal cortex(autoim…
Endocrine System Diseases and Disorders
Dwarfism
Gigantism
Acromegaly
Hypothyroidism
Anterior Pituitary... It is the hyposecretion of growth hormone…
Anterior Pituitary... It is the hypersecretion of growth hormone…
Anterior Pituitary... It is the hypersecretion of growth hormone…
Thyroid... It is the under activity of glandular cells... Symptoms:…
Dwarfism
Anterior Pituitary... It is the hyposecretion of growth hormone…
Gigantism
Anterior Pituitary... It is the hypersecretion of growth hormone…
7 terms
Diseases of the Nervous System and Eyes
Meningoccal Meningitis
Haemophilus Influenzae Meningitis
Pneumococcal Meningitis
Leprosy
1) Causative agent: NEISSERIA MENINGITIDIS... 2) Bacterial, Gram…
1) Causative agent: HAEMOPHILUS INFLUENZAE ... 2) Bacterial, Gra…
1) Causative agent: STREPTOCOCCUS PNEUMINIAE ... 2) Bacterial, G…
1) Causative agent: MYCOBACTERIUM LEPRAE ... 2) Bacterial, Relat…
Meningoccal Meningitis
1) Causative agent: NEISSERIA MENINGITIDIS... 2) Bacterial, Gram…
Haemophilus Influenzae Meningitis
1) Causative agent: HAEMOPHILUS INFLUENZAE ... 2) Bacterial, Gra…
13 terms
Dysfunctions and diseases of the nervous system
multiple sclerosis
polio
cerebral palsy
epilepsy
the immune system eats away at the protective covering of the…
viral disease that may cause paralysis; preventable by polio…
congenital disorder of movement, posture & muscle tone; incur…
disorder in which nerve cell activity in the brain is disturb…
multiple sclerosis
the immune system eats away at the protective covering of the…
polio
viral disease that may cause paralysis; preventable by polio…
40 terms
Infectious disease and the Immune system
Pathogen
Infectious disease
Toxin
Inflammatory response
An organism that causes disease.
A disease caused by the presence of a living thing in the body.
A poison introduced by bacterial pathods that damages cells.
Part of the body's defense against pathogens in which fluid a…
Pathogen
An organism that causes disease.
Infectious disease
A disease caused by the presence of a living thing in the body.
43 terms
Diseases of Musculoskeletal System
Functions of Skeleton
Composition of Skeleton
Osteoblasts
Osteoclasts
Body Framework:... -Mechanical Support for Movement... -Protection…
65% Mineral, 35% Organic... Hold 99% of body's calcium, 85% of p…
<FORM BONE... Primary bone forming cells... -synthesize/secrete ost…
BREAK DOWN BONE... Giant cells, from macrophages ... Dissolve and r…
Functions of Skeleton
Body Framework:... -Mechanical Support for Movement... -Protection…
Composition of Skeleton
65% Mineral, 35% Organic... Hold 99% of body's calcium, 85% of p…
8 terms
Cardiovascular System Diseases
Aortic Aneurism
Angina
Arrhythmia
Atherosclerosis
Bulging in the wall of the aorta; caused by aortic dissection…
Characterized by pain and discomfort in the chest due to bloc…
Characterized by irregularity in heartbeat. Results in very s…
Hardening of medium ore large arterial wallsdue to plaque for…
Aortic Aneurism
Bulging in the wall of the aorta; caused by aortic dissection…
Angina
Characterized by pain and discomfort in the chest due to bloc…
GI system- diseases
abscess
anorexia
bulimia
caries
swelling of soft tissues and release of pus as result of infe…
loss of appetite
eating disorder- binge eating and purging with laxatives and…
dental cavity, gradual decay of teeth
abscess
swelling of soft tissues and release of pus as result of infe…
anorexia
loss of appetite
48 terms
Diseases of the Digestive System
Main organisms that cause dental caries.
Another term for the biofilm formation…
What happens when bacteria ferment sug…
Second most common infection in humans.
Streptococcus mutans and Lactobacillus species
Dental plaque
Acid is produced, breaks down the enamel.
Dental caries (cavities)
Main organisms that cause dental caries.
Streptococcus mutans and Lactobacillus species
Another term for the biofilm formation…
Dental plaque
39 terms
Diseases of the Skeletal System
osteoarthritis
common sites of osteoarthritis
signs and symptoms of osteoarthritis
treatment for osteoarthritis
inflammation of the joints; chronic, results of aging
hips & knees
joint pain, stiffness, aching, and limited range of motion
no cure but rest, injections of steroids and anesthetics into…
osteoarthritis
inflammation of the joints; chronic, results of aging
common sites of osteoarthritis
hips & knees
Infectious Diseases of the GI System
8 sections of GI tract
4 accessory organs of GI tract
Defenses in the GI tract
Mumps
mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large in…
salivary glands, liver, gallbladder, pancreas
mucus, immune antibodies ... peristalsis ... saliva, bile, stomach…
Initial symptoms: fever, nasal discharge, muscle pain, malais…
8 sections of GI tract
mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large in…
4 accessory organs of GI tract
salivary glands, liver, gallbladder, pancreas
29 terms
neoplastic diseases of the skeletal system
Osteochondroma/exostosis
Osteochondroma/exostosis most common s…
Osteoma
endochondroma, destructive
most common benign tumour, excessive bone growth
knee joint, distal femur, proximal tibia
slow growing tumours of the skull, project into orbits or sin…
slow growing, composed of cartilage, found in bone marrow
Osteochondroma/exostosis
most common benign tumour, excessive bone growth
Osteochondroma/exostosis most common s…
knee joint, distal femur, proximal tibia
Respiratory System diseases
Asthma
Treating asthma
Bronchitis
Acute bronchitis
Inflammation and smooth muscle contraction of the bronchi
anticholinergic, inhaled corticosteroids, leukotriene inhibit…
Inflammation of the bronchi caused by irritation
last less than 6 weeks
Asthma
Inflammation and smooth muscle contraction of the bronchi
Treating asthma
anticholinergic, inhaled corticosteroids, leukotriene inhibit…
Diseases and Disorders of the Respiratory System
Allergic Rhinitis ... [Airway situation]
Management of Allergic Rhinitis:
Acute Viral Rhinitis:
Management of Acute Viral Rhinitis:
-Reaction of nasal mucosa to allergens... -Manifestations: sneez…
-Remove source of allergens... -Antihistamines... -Intranasal corti…
-"common cold"... -Spread by airborne droplet: sneezing, coughin…
-Rest, fluids, proper diet... -Antipyretic, analgesics ... -Watch f…
Allergic Rhinitis ... [Airway situation]
-Reaction of nasal mucosa to allergens... -Manifestations: sneez…
Management of Allergic Rhinitis:
-Remove source of allergens... -Antihistamines... -Intranasal corti…
29 terms
Human Diseases Diseases of Gastrointestinal System
bile
duodenum
peristalsis
Pyloric sphincter
substance secreted by the liver and necessary for fat digesti…
first section of the small intestine; receives digested mater…
muscle contractions that propel food during the digestive pro…
the sphincter muscle through which food passes from the stoma…
bile
substance secreted by the liver and necessary for fat digesti…
duodenum
first section of the small intestine; receives digested mater…
System Path: GI Diseases - Esophagus
Define Dysphagia.
Define Odynophagia.
What is the difference between orophar…
Descrive Retrosternal pain.
Difficulty in swallowing
Painful swallowing
Oropharygeal - Difficulty swallowing (Voluntary)... Esophageal…
heartburn, especially. gastric juice reflex
Define Dysphagia.
Difficulty in swallowing
Define Odynophagia.
Painful swallowing
32 terms
Diseases and Disorders of the Circulatory System
Blood pressure
Systolic
Diastolic
High blood pressure (Hypertension)
The force that is made by the heart which helps pump blood th…
measure of the maximum force made in the arteries when the he…
measure of the lowest pressure made in the arteries when the…
when heart and blood vessels are being overworked. Leads to a…
Blood pressure
The force that is made by the heart which helps pump blood th…
Systolic
measure of the maximum force made in the arteries when the he…
Respiratory System Diseases
Pneumoconiosis
Epistaxis
Cystic fibrosis
Emphysema (COPD)
an abnormal condition of dust in the lungs. Causes "black lun…
nosebleed
disease that affects the lungs along with other systems produ…
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. Progressive destructio…
Pneumoconiosis
an abnormal condition of dust in the lungs. Causes "black lun…
Epistaxis
nosebleed
54 terms
Infectious Diseases of the GI System
Tooth and Gum Infections
Gingivitis
Necrotizing Ulcerative Gingivitis (NUG)
Mumps
Mixed species of normal flora.... CC: Streptococcus mutans... VF: b…
Swelling, loss of normal contour, patches of redness, and inc…
Severe pain, bleeding, and necrosis (Trench mouth)
Symptoms: fever, nasal discharge, muscle pain, malaise.... Infla…
Tooth and Gum Infections
Mixed species of normal flora.... CC: Streptococcus mutans... VF: b…
Gingivitis
Swelling, loss of normal contour, patches of redness, and inc…
30 terms
Systemic Disease
Staphylococcal Infections
Scarlet Fever - Staphylococcal
Toxic Shock Syndrome (TSS)
Pharyngitis (Strep Throat)
Abscess (walled up pocket of pus) is key... Scalded Skin Syndrom…
Form of Staph!... Fever, irritability, malaise, rash follows... TE…
Fever, malaise, myalgias (muscle pain), vomit, low BP, sun bu…
Streptococcal infection!... Peak in winter/spring... Incubation 1-…
Staphylococcal Infections
Abscess (walled up pocket of pus) is key... Scalded Skin Syndrom…
Scarlet Fever - Staphylococcal
Form of Staph!... Fever, irritability, malaise, rash follows... TE…
Male Reproductive System Diseases
Hypospadias
Hydrocele
Varicocele
Cryptorchidism
condition were the external urinary meatus open somewhere bel…
fluid filled sac partially surrounding the testis
dilated and twisted veins of the testis
"hidden testicle". one or both testes lack descent into the s…
Hypospadias
condition were the external urinary meatus open somewhere bel…
Hydrocele
fluid filled sac partially surrounding the testis
8 terms
Nervous System Diseases
meningitis
meningitis symptoms
meningitis diagnosis
meningitis treatment
infection of meninges triggering inflammation, caused by bact…
stiff neck, fever, headache, nausea, photophobia- but also so…
usually requires lumbar puncture for CSF sample for pathogen…
usually begun before pathogen identification due to rapid pro…
meningitis
infection of meninges triggering inflammation, caused by bact…
meningitis symptoms
stiff neck, fever, headache, nausea, photophobia- but also so…
patho Diseases of the nervous system
6 regions of the brain
voluntary motor movement, perception o…
adjusts output of somatic motor center…
located under cerebrum and cerebellum;…
cerebrum... cerebellum... diencephalon... mesencephalon... pons... medulla o…
cerbrum
cerebellum
diencephalon
6 regions of the brain
cerebrum... cerebellum... diencephalon... mesencephalon... pons... medulla o…
voluntary motor movement, perception o…
cerbrum
30 terms
Human Diseases (Diseases of the Cardiovascular System)
sclerotherapy
palpitations
ischemia
aorta
strong saline injections, treatment for varicose veins
sensation of a rapid pounding heart beat
distal clots to vital organs
large artery of the system arterial system
sclerotherapy
strong saline injections, treatment for varicose veins
palpitations
sensation of a rapid pounding heart beat
238 terms
Systemic Disease
Type of Herpes most commonly associate…
Most common cause of *herpetic keratit…
What type of hypersensitivity reaction…
Sign associated w/ Herpes Zoster Virus
I
Type II HSV
Type IV delayed hypersensitivity reaction
Hutchinson's Sign
Type of Herpes most commonly associate…
I
Most common cause of *herpetic keratit…
Type II HSV
29 terms
Human Diseases Diseases of Gastrointestinal System
bile
duodenum
peristalsis
Pyloric sphincter
substance secreted by the liver and necessary for fat digesti…
first section of the small intestine; receives digested mater…
muscle contractions that propel food during the digestive pro…
the sphincter muscle through which food passes from the stoma…
bile
substance secreted by the liver and necessary for fat digesti…
duodenum
first section of the small intestine; receives digested mater…
Microbes & Disease- Respiratory System Diseases
Rhinitis (common cold)
Sinusitis
Acute Otitis Media
Pharyngitis
Symptoms: runny nose, stuffy nose, sneezing, watery eyes, sor…
Symptoms: acute or chronic, headache, facial pain, nasal disc…
Symptoms: ear pain, fever, irritability, often cough and nasa…
Symptoms: sore throat, sometimes cough and fever, pustules in…
Rhinitis (common cold)
Symptoms: runny nose, stuffy nose, sneezing, watery eyes, sor…
Sinusitis
Symptoms: acute or chronic, headache, facial pain, nasal disc…
Human Diseases Diseases of Gastrointestinal System
bile
duodenum
peristalsis
Pyloric sphincter
substance secreted by the liver and necessary for fat digesti…
first section of the small intestine; receives digested mater…
muscle contractions that propel food during the digestive pro…
the sphincter muscle through which food passes from the stoma…
bile
substance secreted by the liver and necessary for fat digesti…
duodenum
first section of the small intestine; receives digested mater…
5 terms
Nervous System Diseases
meningitis
Multiple Sclerosis
Polio
Stroke
-inflammation and infection of meninges (3 membranes connecti…
-disabling disease of central nervous system (brain and spina…
-linked to meningitis... -contagious viral illness, paralysis, d…
-blood supply to brain interrupted or reduced-deprive brain o…
meningitis
-inflammation and infection of meninges (3 membranes connecti…
Multiple Sclerosis
-disabling disease of central nervous system (brain and spina…
21 terms
Diseases, Pathogens and Immune System
DISEASE
PATHOGEN
GERM
EX. OF PATHOGENS
condition that impairs bodily functions, associated with spec…
agents that cause disease
aka: pathogen
bacteria, viruses, fungi, or protists (or parasites)
DISEASE
condition that impairs bodily functions, associated with spec…
PATHOGEN
agents that cause disease
Diseases of the Digestive System (Basic)
Halitosis
Pharyngitis
Cancer
Hemrrhoid
Bad Breath... -persistent odor exhaled from the mouth
inflammation of the pharynx
wild, disorganized multiplication of rogue cells leading to a…
veins around the anus or lower rectum are swollen and inflamed
Halitosis
Bad Breath... -persistent odor exhaled from the mouth
Pharyngitis
inflammation of the pharynx
nervous system diseases
defenses
blood brain barrier
astrocytes and microglia cells
normal flora
blood brain barrier, astrocytes, microglia
tight junction that is sewed together so nothing can get thro…
does the job of macrophages and neutrophils
shouldn't be anything growing in cerebral spinal fluid
defenses
blood brain barrier, astrocytes, microglia
blood brain barrier
tight junction that is sewed together so nothing can get thro…
diseases and disorders of the respiratory system
bronchitis
asthma
lung cancer
tuberculosis
is an inflammation of the bronchi
causes bronchial tube walls to spasm, which narrows the passa…
growth of tissues in the lung that destroys or blocks the flo…
a disease that damages the lungs and is caused by the tubercl…
bronchitis
is an inflammation of the bronchi
asthma
causes bronchial tube walls to spasm, which narrows the passa…
13 terms
diseases and disorders of the skeletal system
herniated disk
herniated disks
herniated disks
osteoarthritis
- a rupture in the intervertebral disks nucleus of the spine…
what disease is most commonly located in the lumbosacral area?
characterized by numbness, weakness, and/or pain down the aff…
- a type of arthritis caused by the destruction of cartilage…
herniated disk
- a rupture in the intervertebral disks nucleus of the spine…
herniated disks
what disease is most commonly located in the lumbosacral area?
34 terms
Diseases and Disorders of the Integumentary System
acne
actinic keratosis
albinism
alopecia areata
bacterial infection of sebaceous glands and ducts. Skin disea…
Precancerous condition of the skin, caused by exposure to sun…
a genetic condition by the reduction of the pigment melanin
a loss or lack of (typically) scalp hair. Could be a sign of…
acne
bacterial infection of sebaceous glands and ducts. Skin disea…
actinic keratosis
Precancerous condition of the skin, caused by exposure to sun…
47 terms
Diseases of the Peripheral Nervous System
Components of a Motor Unit (Lower Moto…
CNS Components of Muscle Control
Pyramidal Tracts
Cerebellum
Anterior Horn Cell → Root → Spinal Nerve → Plexus → Periphera…
Pyramidal Tract - Upper Motor Neurons... Cerebellum - Coordinati…
Arises from the Motor Cortex- parts of body with finest movem…
Attached to Brainstem by 3 Cerebellar Peduncles. Projects neu…
Components of a Motor Unit (Lower Moto…
Anterior Horn Cell → Root → Spinal Nerve → Plexus → Periphera…
CNS Components of Muscle Control
Pyramidal Tract - Upper Motor Neurons... Cerebellum - Coordinati…
Diseases of the Integumentary system
Tumors
Malignant Tumors(cancer)
Bacterial Disorders
Viral disorders
Neoplasms-tumors; abnormal tissue that grows more rapidly tha…
Tumors that are able to metastasize... Mutation- a change or al…
Celluitis- noncontagious inflammation of the skin and deeper…
Fever Blister(herpes simplex)- open sores and vesicles around…
Tumors
Neoplasms-tumors; abnormal tissue that grows more rapidly tha…
Malignant Tumors(cancer)
Tumors that are able to metastasize... Mutation- a change or al…
Diseases of the Endocrine System
Acromegaly
Gigantism
Dwarfism
Diabetes insipidus
hypersecretion of growth hormone in adults; characterized by…
rare hypersecretion of growth hormone during childhood; leads…
deficiency of growth hormone during childhood; leads to decre…
characterized by a deficiency of antidiuretic hormone(ADH) fr…
Acromegaly
hypersecretion of growth hormone in adults; characterized by…
Gigantism
rare hypersecretion of growth hormone during childhood; leads…
13 terms
Endocrine System Diseases
acromegaly
addison disease
Cushing's Syndrome
Grave's Disease
Oversecretion of GH during adulthood. enlargement of the extr…
hypofunctioning of the adrenal cortex (mineral and glucortico…
Hypersecretion of glucorticoids: redistributes body fat, moon…
Hypersecretion of the thyroid hormone (inherited or possible…
acromegaly
Oversecretion of GH during adulthood. enlargement of the extr…
addison disease
hypofunctioning of the adrenal cortex (mineral and glucortico…
29 terms
Contraception and diseases of Reproductive system
Behavioral methods
Abstinence
Coitus interruptus
Rhythm Abstinence
Methods of contraception based on when/how intercourse takes…
Behavioral method of contraception with 0% failure rate
Retraction of penis from vagina before ejaculation (has varia…
Counting the days of the menstrual cycle and avoiding interco…
Behavioral methods
Methods of contraception based on when/how intercourse takes…
Abstinence
Behavioral method of contraception with 0% failure rate
Disorders and Diseases of the Skeletal System
Factors that affect the skeletal system:
Heterotopic (a.k.a. ectopic) bones
Myositis ossificans
Acromegaly
Age... Stress... Hormones ... Genetics ... Lifestyle
Bones that develop in unusual places... Causes: unusual amounts…
Deposition of bones around skeletal muscles... Cause: muscle inj…
Abnormal growth of the hands, feet, lower jaw, skull, clavicl…
Factors that affect the skeletal system:
Age... Stress... Hormones ... Genetics ... Lifestyle
Heterotopic (a.k.a. ectopic) bones
Bones that develop in unusual places... Causes: unusual amounts…
29 terms
Human Diseases Diseases of Gastrointestinal System
bile
duodenum
peristalsis
Pyloric sphincter
substance secreted by the liver and necessary for fat digesti…
first section of the small intestine; receives digested mater…
muscle contractions that propel food during the digestive pro…
the sphincter muscle through which food passes from the stoma…
bile
substance secreted by the liver and necessary for fat digesti…
duodenum
first section of the small intestine; receives digested mater…
Diseases of the Nervous system
GT
Disorders
Meningitis
Encephalitis
Neuralgia: nerve pain... Neuritis: inflammation of a nerve... Neu…
Hydrocephalus- increased cerebrospinal fluid(CSF) surrounding…
inflammation of the meninges (coverings of the brain and spin…
inflammation of the brain: leads to nerve cell degeneration a…
GT
Neuralgia: nerve pain... Neuritis: inflammation of a nerve... Neu…
Disorders
Hydrocephalus- increased cerebrospinal fluid(CSF) surrounding…
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