How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Study sets matching "system hormones endocrine"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "system hormones endocrine"

18 terms
Endocrine System: hormones
Endocrine gland
Exocrine gland
Hormone
Pituitary gland
Ductless... Produces hormones and releases them directly into th…
Has a duct eg sweat gland
Chemical messengers... Produced by endocrine glands... Released dir…
In brain... Makes GH (growth hormone) &... FSH (follicle stimulatin…
Endocrine gland
Ductless... Produces hormones and releases them directly into th…
Exocrine gland
Has a duct eg sweat gland
63 terms
Endocrine System Hormones
GLAND... Anterior Pituitary Hormones:... Adr…
Growth Hormone or Somatotropic Hormone…
Growth Hormone or Somatotropic Hormone…
Growth Hormone or Somatotropic Hormone…
1. Growth Hormone (GH) or Somatotropic Hormone (STH)... 2. Thyro…
Cell Division... Epiphyseal cart
*GRH ... GIH
Dwarfism... Giantism... Acromegaly
GLAND... Anterior Pituitary Hormones:... Adr…
1. Growth Hormone (GH) or Somatotropic Hormone (STH)... 2. Thyro…
Growth Hormone or Somatotropic Hormone…
Cell Division... Epiphyseal cart
30 terms
Endocrine System Hormones
Antidiuretic hormone (ADH)
Oxytocin
Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)
Thyroid hormones (T3 and T4)
Produced in hypothalamus; released from posterior pituitary.…
Produced in hypothalamus; released from posterior pituitary.…
Released by anterior pituitary in response to thyrotropin rel…
Released from thyroid gland in response to TSH from the anter…
Antidiuretic hormone (ADH)
Produced in hypothalamus; released from posterior pituitary.…
Oxytocin
Produced in hypothalamus; released from posterior pituitary.…
70 terms
Hormones & the Endocrine System
Endocrine System
Hormones
Nervous System
Endocrine Signaling (Endo - Within)
Secretes Hormones: Slower but longer-acting responses.... - Rep…
Chemical signals secreted into circulatory system, specific r…
conveys high-speed electrical signals along neurons which reg…
- Secreted into extracellular fluid, travels via bloodstream.…
Endocrine System
Secretes Hormones: Slower but longer-acting responses.... - Rep…
Hormones
Chemical signals secreted into circulatory system, specific r…
26 terms
Endocrine System - Hormones & Functions
adrenal corticosteroids (cortisol)
adrenalin (epinephrine)
adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)
androgens
helps body use lipids and proteins
gets body ready for "fight or flight"
helps kidneys
male hormones
adrenal corticosteroids (cortisol)
helps body use lipids and proteins
adrenalin (epinephrine)
gets body ready for "fight or flight"
38 terms
Endocrine System:Hormones
Hypothalamus
Hypothalamus
Pituitary (Hypophysis)
Anterior Pituitary (Adenohypophysis)
Produces: Regulatory Hormones, ADH, and oxytocin
Gonadotropins:Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) (Tropic)
Hypothalamus
Produces: Regulatory Hormones, ADH, and oxytocin
Hypothalamus
24 terms
Endocrine System (Hormones)
Insulin
Progesterone
Oestrogen
Growth Hormone
Pancreas
Corpus luteum
Ovarian follicle
(Anterior) pituitary gland
Insulin
Pancreas
Progesterone
Corpus luteum
25 terms
Hormones of the Endocrine System
Releasing and Inhibiting factors
growth hormone (GH)
prolactin
thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH)
Gland: hypothalamus... class: peptide... target: anterior pituitary…
gland: anterior pituitary... class: peptide... target/effect: ↑ bon…
gland: anterior pituitary... class: peptide... target: mammary glan…
gland: anterior pituitary ... class: peptide (tropic)... target: th…
Releasing and Inhibiting factors
Gland: hypothalamus... class: peptide... target: anterior pituitary…
growth hormone (GH)
gland: anterior pituitary... class: peptide... target/effect: ↑ bon…
42 terms
Endocrine System Glands and Hormones
Pituitary
Pituitary
Pituitary
Pituitary
Growth hormone (GH)
Prolactin (PRL)
Adrenocorticotropic hormone
Thyroid-stimulation hormone
Pituitary
Growth hormone (GH)
Pituitary
Prolactin (PRL)
19 terms
ITEC: Endocrine System Hormones
pituitary
human growth hormones(HGH)
Melanocytes-stimulating hormone (MSH)
hyrotrophin (THS)
situated at the base of the brain closely connected to the hy…
regulate height and growth
stimulates production of melanin in the basal layer of the sk…
controls the thyroid glands, produced by anterior lobe
pituitary
situated at the base of the brain closely connected to the hy…
human growth hormones(HGH)
regulate height and growth
9 terms
Endocrine System Glands and Hormones
Hypothalamus
Pituitary Gland (Hypophysis)
Anterior lobe (Pituitary gland)
Posterior Lobe (Pituitary gland)
-situated above the pituitary gland... -controls the autonomous…
-Master Gland because its the main chemical co-ordinater ... -it…
1)Growth Hormone(STH-somatotrophic hormone)= promotes skeleta…
1) osmoreceptors in the hypothalamus detect an increase in th…
Hypothalamus
-situated above the pituitary gland... -controls the autonomous…
Pituitary Gland (Hypophysis)
-Master Gland because its the main chemical co-ordinater ... -it…
Endocrine System Glands & Hormones
Anterior Pituitary
Posterior Pituitary
Thyroid
Parathyroid
hGH, prolactin, gonadotropic hormones
Vasopresin, Oxytocin
TH (thyroid hormone), Calcitonin
PTH (parathyroid hormone)
Anterior Pituitary
hGH, prolactin, gonadotropic hormones
Posterior Pituitary
Vasopresin, Oxytocin
21 terms
Hormones of the Endocrine System
growth hormone (GH)
prolactin (PL)
thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH)
adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)
pituitary; stimulates growth in body cells
pituitary; sustains milk production
pituitary; controls the secretion of thyroid hormones
pituitary; controls secretion of adrenal cortex hormones
growth hormone (GH)
pituitary; stimulates growth in body cells
prolactin (PL)
pituitary; sustains milk production
7 terms
Hormones and endocrine system
Function of Gastrin
Function of Progesterone
Function of Secretin
Function of Cholecystokinin (CCK)
Increased gastric juice secretion
Helps maintain proper conditions for pregnancy
Increase alkaline secretions, and slows emptying of stomach
Triggers the release of bile from gallbladder and enzymes fro…
Function of Gastrin
Increased gastric juice secretion
Function of Progesterone
Helps maintain proper conditions for pregnancy
9 terms
The Endocrine System and Hormones
endocrine system
hormones
pituitary gland
thyroid gland
glands that secrete hormones into the bloodstream
chemicals produced by the endocrine glands that regulate spec…
lies below the hypothalamus in the middle of the brain, respo…
produces thyroxin hormone which affects the body's metabolism
endocrine system
glands that secrete hormones into the bloodstream
hormones
chemicals produced by the endocrine glands that regulate spec…
13 terms
endocrine system hormones lab
thyroid hormone
calcitonin
parathyroid hormone
insulin
~ T3 & T4... ~ thyroid... ~ increase metabolic rate, protein synthe…
~ thyroid... ~ decreases Ca+ in blood
(PTH)... ~parathyroid... ~ regulates blood Ca+ by release of Ca+ fr…
~ pancreas... ~ produced by beta cells to decrease glucose
thyroid hormone
~ T3 & T4... ~ thyroid... ~ increase metabolic rate, protein synthe…
calcitonin
~ thyroid... ~ decreases Ca+ in blood
10 terms
Hormones and the Endocrine System
What regulates most activities through…
What regulates long term changes such…
What produces chemicals that control m…
What is made of glands?
the nervous system
the endocrine sysyem
the endocrine system
the endocrine system
What regulates most activities through…
the nervous system
What regulates long term changes such…
the endocrine sysyem
13 terms
Chapter 45 Hormones and the Endocrine System
hormone
endocrine system
edocrine glands
neurosecretory cells
The secretion of an endocrine gland that is transmitted by th…
The system of glands that produce endocrine secretions that h…
Glands that secrete chemicals called hormones directly into t…
Neurons that secrete neurohormone rather than neurotransmitter
hormone
The secretion of an endocrine gland that is transmitted by th…
endocrine system
The system of glands that produce endocrine secretions that h…
57 terms
Hormones of the Endocrine system
Where does Thyroxine originate?
What does thyroxine target?
What are the effects of Thyroxine?
Where does Parathormone originate?
The thyroid
Most cells
Increases metabolism
Parathyroid hormone
Where does Thyroxine originate?
The thyroid
What does thyroxine target?
Most cells
21 terms
Endocrine System Hormones
ACTH
TSH
FSH
LH
Stimulates the adrenal cortex to release aldosterone and cort…
Stimulates the thyroid gland to release thyroxin and calciton…
Stimulates the development of a follicle (female) or sperm (m…
Stimulates ovulation and the production of the corpus luteum…
ACTH
Stimulates the adrenal cortex to release aldosterone and cort…
TSH
Stimulates the thyroid gland to release thyroxin and calciton…
15 terms
Endocrine System hormones
Pituitary Gland
Oxytocin
Growth Hormone
Pineal Gland
Pea-sized gland controlled by and located just below the hypo…
hormone released by pituitary gland that stimulates contracti…
hormone released by pituitary gland that promotes growth from…
Near the base of the cerebrum; back of the brain... Helps to reg…
Pituitary Gland
Pea-sized gland controlled by and located just below the hypo…
Oxytocin
hormone released by pituitary gland that stimulates contracti…
Endocrine System:Hormones
Hypothalamus
Hypothalamus
Pituitary (Hypophysis)
Anterior Pituitary (Adenohypophysis)
Produces: Regulatory Hormones, ADH, and oxytocin
Gonadotropins:Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) (Tropic)
Hypothalamus
Produces: Regulatory Hormones, ADH, and oxytocin
Hypothalamus
Endocrine System: hormones
Adrenocorticotropic Hormone (ACTH)
Prolactin
Luteinizing Hormone (LH)
Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH)
Source: anterior pituitary... Target: adrenal cortex... Effect: rel…
Source: anterior pituitary... Target: mammary glands... Effect: pro…
Source: anterior pituitary ... Target: ovaries and testes... Effect…
Source: anterior pituitary... Target: ovaries and testes... Effect:…
Adrenocorticotropic Hormone (ACTH)
Source: anterior pituitary... Target: adrenal cortex... Effect: rel…
Prolactin
Source: anterior pituitary... Target: mammary glands... Effect: pro…
26 terms
Endocrine System Hormones - Location
antidiuretic hormone
oxytocin
human growth hormone (HGH)
thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH)
brain
brain
brain
brain
antidiuretic hormone
brain
oxytocin
brain
21 terms
ENDOCRINE SYSTEM AND HORMONES
PROLACTIN
Melanocyte stimulating hormone
OXYTOCIN
THYROXINE
controls milk production and secretion in females.
INCREASES SKIN PIGMENTATION WHEN PRESENT IN EXCESS
causes contractions during childbirth of females
Hormone secreted from the thyroid gland that promotes growth…
PROLACTIN
controls milk production and secretion in females.
Melanocyte stimulating hormone
INCREASES SKIN PIGMENTATION WHEN PRESENT IN EXCESS
21 terms
Endocrine System- Hormones
Source: Growth hormone (GH)
Source: Thyroid stimulating hormone (T…
Source: Adrenocorticotropic hormone (A…
Source: Follicle stimulating hormone (…
Anterior pituitary
Anterior pituitary
Anterior pituitary
Anterior pituitary
Source: Growth hormone (GH)
Anterior pituitary
Source: Thyroid stimulating hormone (T…
Anterior pituitary
26 terms
Endocrine System - Hormones
Growth Hormone Releasing Hormone (GHRH)
Growth Hormone Inhibiting Hormone (GHIH)
Gonadotropin Releasing Hormone (GnRH)
Prolactin Releasing Hormone (PRH)
Origin: hypothalamus... Effect: stimulate release of hGH
aka: somatostatin... Origin: hypothalamus... Effect: inhibit rele…
Origin: hypothalamus... Effect: stimulate release of LH, FSH
Origin: hypothalamus... Effect: stimulate release of PRL
Growth Hormone Releasing Hormone (GHRH)
Origin: hypothalamus... Effect: stimulate release of hGH
Growth Hormone Inhibiting Hormone (GHIH)
aka: somatostatin... Origin: hypothalamus... Effect: inhibit rele…
22 terms
Endocrine System: Hormones
Antidiuretic Hormone (ADH)
Oxytocin
Growth Hormone
Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone (TSH)
Gland Source: Neurohypophysis... Target: Kidney... Action: Promot…
Gland Source: Neurohypophysis... Target: Uterus and Mammary gla…
Gland: Adenohypophysis (somatotrophs)... Target: General... Actio…
Gland Source: Adenohypophysis (Thyrotrophs) ... Target: Thyroid…
Antidiuretic Hormone (ADH)
Gland Source: Neurohypophysis... Target: Kidney... Action: Promot…
Oxytocin
Gland Source: Neurohypophysis... Target: Uterus and Mammary gla…
10 terms
Endocrine System (hormones&glands)
Gland
Pineal gland
Nervous System vs. Endocrine System
Thyroid gland
- a cell; or group of cells that produce secretion
- middle of brain... - controls day/night... - eternal clock... ex. m…
- connection can lead to adrenaline... - hypothalamus (NS) & pit…
- controls metabolism... - produces pyroxin hormone
Gland
- a cell; or group of cells that produce secretion
Pineal gland
- middle of brain... - controls day/night... - eternal clock... ex. m…
45 terms
Hormones, Endocrine System
Adrenal gland
tissue in kidneys
ovaries
pancreas islets
Adrenal gland
tissue in kidneys
26 terms
Endocrine System - Hormones & Functions
adrenal corticosteroids (cortisol)
adrenalin (epinephrine)
adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)
androgens
helps body use lipids and proteins
gets body ready for "fight or flight"
helps kidneys
male hormones
adrenal corticosteroids (cortisol)
helps body use lipids and proteins
adrenalin (epinephrine)
gets body ready for "fight or flight"
20 terms
Endocrine System - Hormones: Acronyms
GHRH
GHRIH
TRH
CRH
growth hormone releasing hormone
growth hormone release inhibiting hormone (somatostatin)
thyrotrophin releasing hormone
corticotrophin releasing hormone
GHRH
growth hormone releasing hormone
GHRIH
growth hormone release inhibiting hormone (somatostatin)
42 terms
Endocrine System Hormones
Adrenal Medulla
Epinephrine Target
Epinephrine Cause
Epinephrine Effect
Epiniephrine
most cells
Stimulated during sympathetic activation by sympathetic prega…
increases cardiac activity and blood pressure
Adrenal Medulla
Epiniephrine
Epinephrine Target
most cells
15 terms
Endocrine system hormones
Thyroid gland hormones Thyroxine (T4)…
Thyroid gland; calcitonin hormone
Parathyroid gland; parathyroid hormone
Adrenal glands; adrenal cortex zona gl…
secreted by follicle cells; targets essentially ever cell in…
Secreted by parafollicular cells; targets kidneys;reduces blo…
Secreted by chief cells; targets bone and kidneys; raises blo…
Secretes mineralocorticoids such as aldosterone; targets the…
Thyroid gland hormones Thyroxine (T4)…
secreted by follicle cells; targets essentially ever cell in…
Thyroid gland; calcitonin hormone
Secreted by parafollicular cells; targets kidneys;reduces blo…
15 terms
Endocrine System and Hormones
endocrine system
neurosecretory cells
negative feedback
signal transduction pathway
System involving communication of hormones (help maintain hom…
Nerve cell that releases a hormone to blood streams for respo…
Effector response reduces the initial stimulus.
System that converts a signal into a response.
endocrine system
System involving communication of hormones (help maintain hom…
neurosecretory cells
Nerve cell that releases a hormone to blood streams for respo…
21 terms
Endocrine System Hormones
Growth Hormone (GH)
Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH)
Prolactin (PRL)
Adrenocorticotropic Hormone (ACTH)
gland - anterior pituitary... target - bone, muscle, fat... effect…
gland - anterior pituitary... target - thyroid... effect - secrete…
gland - anterior pituitary... target - mammary gland... effect - mi…
gland - anterior pituitary... target - adrenal cortex... effect - s…
Growth Hormone (GH)
gland - anterior pituitary... target - bone, muscle, fat... effect…
Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH)
gland - anterior pituitary... target - thyroid... effect - secrete…
Endocrine System Hormones
TSH (Thyroid Stimulating Hormone)
ACTH
Growth Hormone (hGH)
ADH
Produced in the anterior pituitary. Is stimulated by low leve…
Produced in the anterior pituitary. Is stimulated by negative…
Produced in the anterior pituitary. The stimulus for its rele…
It is produced in the hypothalamus where it is then stored an…
TSH (Thyroid Stimulating Hormone)
Produced in the anterior pituitary. Is stimulated by low leve…
ACTH
Produced in the anterior pituitary. Is stimulated by negative…
91 terms
Hormones and Endocrine System
Antidiuretic Hormone
peptide
posterior pituitary
Oxytocin
-causes kidneys to reabsorb water, concentrate urine and incr…
What type of hormone is ADH?
ADH is secreted by
-increases uterine contractions during pregnancy, causes lact…
Antidiuretic Hormone
-causes kidneys to reabsorb water, concentrate urine and incr…
peptide
What type of hormone is ADH?
25 terms
Summary of the hormones of the Endocrine System
Growth Hormone (GH) (protein) secreted…
Prolactin (protein) secreted by anteri…
Releasing and inhibiting factors (pept…
Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) (Pro…
What is hormone that increases bone and muscle growth, increa…
What is hormone that affects the Mammary gland and milk produ…
What are hormones that target the anterior pituitary and modi…
What is the hormone that targets the thyroid by increasing th…
Growth Hormone (GH) (protein) secreted…
What is hormone that increases bone and muscle growth, increa…
Prolactin (protein) secreted by anteri…
What is hormone that affects the Mammary gland and milk produ…
37 terms
Endocrine system and Hormones
Endocrine glands
Anterior pituitary
Posterior pituitary
Median eminence
Thyroid... Parathyroid... Adrenal gland... Pancreas... Pineal gland... Hypot…
True endocrine gland... Human Growth Hormone = hGH... Thyroid Stim…
Axon terminals of hypothalamus (paraventricular and supraopti…
Hypothalamus... Where regulatory hormones are produced
Endocrine glands
Thyroid... Parathyroid... Adrenal gland... Pancreas... Pineal gland... Hypot…
Anterior pituitary
True endocrine gland... Human Growth Hormone = hGH... Thyroid Stim…
15 terms
Endocrine System Hormones
growth hormone
LH
thyroxine
FSH
Growth and development
Stimulates ovulation
Metabolism rate
Stimulates estrogen production
growth hormone
Growth and development
LH
Stimulates ovulation
20 terms
Endocrine System (Hormones)
Oxytocin
ADH
GH
Prolactin
Contraction of uterus and mammary glands
Retention of water by kidneys
Growth
Milk production and release
Oxytocin
Contraction of uterus and mammary glands
ADH
Retention of water by kidneys
21 terms
Endocrine System Hormones
FSH* (follicle stimulating molecule)
LH* (Luteinizing Hormone)
Prolactin
Oxytocin
Targets the ovary. Matures egg inside of follicle (sac) in th…
Targets the ovary. It induces ovulation, which is the prime t…
Targets the Mammary Glands. It controls milk production.
Targets the Uterus and Mammary glands, which release milk fro…
FSH* (follicle stimulating molecule)
Targets the ovary. Matures egg inside of follicle (sac) in th…
LH* (Luteinizing Hormone)
Targets the ovary. It induces ovulation, which is the prime t…
The Endocrine System Hormones
ADH
oxytocin
FSH/LH
TSH
in the kidney tubules; triggered by high blood osmolarity; pr…
uterine muscles and mammary glands; promotes contractions in…
gonads: testes & ovaries; triggered by GnRH; promotes the pro…
Triggered by TRH; promotes the production of T3 and T4 in ord…
ADH
in the kidney tubules; triggered by high blood osmolarity; pr…
oxytocin
uterine muscles and mammary glands; promotes contractions in…
9 terms
Endocrine System and Hormones
Endocrine System
Hormones
Pituitary
Thyroid
Consists of glands throughout the body that regulate body fun…
are chemical substance produced in that help to regulate the…
is located at the base of the brain and produces that control…
responsible for regulating the body's growth and rate of meta…
Endocrine System
Consists of glands throughout the body that regulate body fun…
Hormones
are chemical substance produced in that help to regulate the…
18 terms
Endocrine System - Hormones and Functions
Oxytocin
Anti-Diuretic Hormone (ADH)
Prolactin
Human Growth Hormone (HGH)
stimulates uterine contractions during childbirth and milk ej…
Released when water content in the body decreases; causes mor…
Stimulates milk production
stimulates cell reproduction and growth.
Oxytocin
stimulates uterine contractions during childbirth and milk ej…
Anti-Diuretic Hormone (ADH)
Released when water content in the body decreases; causes mor…
19 terms
Endocrine System Hormones
ADH (antidiuretic hormone)
OCT (oxytocin)
ACTH (adrenocorticotropin)
TSH (thyrotropin)
Produced by Posterior lobe of Pituitary Gland. Targets kidney…
Produced by Posterior lobe of Pituitary Gland. Targets mammar…
Produced by Anterior lobe of Pituitary Gland. Targets the adr…
Produced by Anterior lobe of Pituitary Gland. Targets thyroid…
ADH (antidiuretic hormone)
Produced by Posterior lobe of Pituitary Gland. Targets kidney…
OCT (oxytocin)
Produced by Posterior lobe of Pituitary Gland. Targets mammar…
27 terms
Endocrine system glands &hormones
GHRH (growth hormone releasing hormone)
CRH (Corticotropin releasing hormone)
PIH (prolactin inhibiting hormone )
GnRH (Gonadotropin relating hormone )
Hypothalamus
Hypothalamus
Hypothalamus
Hypothalamus
GHRH (growth hormone releasing hormone)
Hypothalamus
CRH (Corticotropin releasing hormone)
Hypothalamus
11 terms
endocrine system hormones secreted
anterior pituitary gland
posterior pituitary gland
thyroid gland
parathyroid gland
growth hormone, thyroid stimulating hormone, adrenocorticotro…
oxytocin and antidiuretic hormone
thyroxine and calcitonin
parathormone
anterior pituitary gland
growth hormone, thyroid stimulating hormone, adrenocorticotro…
posterior pituitary gland
oxytocin and antidiuretic hormone
11 terms
Endocrine System Hormones
Pituitary
anterior pituitary gland
posterior pituitary gland
hypothalamus
"Master" endocrine organ in the brain and controls the other…
growth hormone: stimulates cells to grow; responsible for cel…
Oxytocin: Uterus contraction and milk production after childb…
True "master" of endocrine glands. Produces the hormones for…
Pituitary
"Master" endocrine organ in the brain and controls the other…
anterior pituitary gland
growth hormone: stimulates cells to grow; responsible for cel…
1 of 10