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Study sets matching "system peripheral nervous anatomy physiology"

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Study sets matching "system peripheral nervous anatomy physiology"

24 terms
PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM / LAB / Human Anatomy & Physiology
radial nerve
ulnar nerve
ulnar nerve
ulnar nerve
radial nerve
ulnar nerve
18 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: The Peripheral Nervous System
What are the two structural groups of…
What are the two functional groups of…
What does the somatic nervous system d…
What does the autonomic nervous system…
Cranial nerves from the brain, and spinal nerves from the spi…
The somatic nervous system, and the autonomic nervous system.
Cranial and spinal nerves that oversee the control of conscio…
It controls unconscious activies, such as heart, stomach, and…
What are the two structural groups of…
Cranial nerves from the brain, and spinal nerves from the spi…
What are the two functional groups of…
The somatic nervous system, and the autonomic nervous system.
30 terms
Peripheral Nervous System Anatomy and Physiology
Consists of the Sympathetic and Parasy…
What neurotransmitter is responsible f…
Nervous System under the Unconscious C…
Composed of Peripheral Efferent Nerves…
Autonomic Nervous System
Acetylcholine (ACh)
Autonomic Nervous System
Autonomic Nervous System
Consists of the Sympathetic and Parasy…
Autonomic Nervous System
What neurotransmitter is responsible f…
Acetylcholine (ACh)
45 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Peripheral Nervous System
SPINAL NERVES
SPINAL NERVES
CAUDA EQUINA
STRUCTURE OF SPINAL NERVES
Nerves that extend from the spinal cord (emerge from the spin…
C1-C8 (Cervical Nerves)... C1-C7 exit above vertebra C1-C7... C8 ex…
Means "Horse's tail" and describes the appearance of the lowe…
The spinal nerves carry both sensory and motor messages and a…
SPINAL NERVES
Nerves that extend from the spinal cord (emerge from the spin…
SPINAL NERVES
C1-C8 (Cervical Nerves)... C1-C7 exit above vertebra C1-C7... C8 ex…
22 terms
Peripheral Nervous System Anatomy and Physiology
Peripheral Nervous System
Motor Nerves
Sensory-Somatic Nervous System (Anatomy)
Autonomic Nervous System
Consists of sensory organs, 12 pairs of cranial nerves, and 3…
Sensory-somatic nervous system and the autonomic nervous syst…
Composed of peripheral efferent nerves that travel away from…
Composed of peripheral efferent nerves, but these nerves stim…
Peripheral Nervous System
Consists of sensory organs, 12 pairs of cranial nerves, and 3…
Motor Nerves
Sensory-somatic nervous system and the autonomic nervous syst…
47 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Peripheral Nervous System
receptors that are based on a type of…
mechanoreceptors
thermoreceptors
photoreceptors
mechanoreceptors, thermoreceptors, photoreceptors, chemorecep…
receptors that sense touch
receptors that sense temperature
receptors that sense light
receptors that are based on a type of…
mechanoreceptors, thermoreceptors, photoreceptors, chemorecep…
mechanoreceptors
receptors that sense touch
18 terms
Peripheral Nervous System Anatomy and Physiology
How do autonomic system drugs work?
Most of the clinically useful ANS drug…
Where do parasympathetic nerves origin…
Where do sympathetic neurons originate?
either mimic or inhibit normal physiological functions and wi…
efferent
cranial nerve nuclei... sacral segments S2-S4 or spinal cord
T1-L5 (but dr carry said L2)
How do autonomic system drugs work?
either mimic or inhibit normal physiological functions and wi…
Most of the clinically useful ANS drug…
efferent
13 terms
Anatomy and Physiology II Peripheral nervous system
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS) 3
Spinal Nerves
They are named according to their poin…
Spinal Nerves pic
PNS - all neural structures outside the brain and spinal cord…
Thirty-one pairs of mixed nerves arise from the spinal cord a…
●8 cervical (C1-C8)... ●12 thoracic (T1-T12)... ●5 Lumbar (L1-L5)... ●…
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS) 3
PNS - all neural structures outside the brain and spinal cord…
Spinal Nerves
Thirty-one pairs of mixed nerves arise from the spinal cord a…
46 terms
Physiology of Peripheral Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System division
Autonomic System Division
Sympathetic division
parasympathetic division
1. Somatic... 2. Autonomic
1. Sympathetic... 2. Parasympathetic
increase of activity, such as heart beat
decrease activity, except digesiton.
Peripheral Nervous System division
1. Somatic... 2. Autonomic
Autonomic System Division
1. Sympathetic... 2. Parasympathetic
65 terms
PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM / TERMS / Human Anatomy & Physiology
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
Sensory Receptors
Classification of Receptors Based on :
Classification by Stimulus Type:
Formed by all neutral structures outside the brain... -Sensory r…
-Specialized to respond to changes in their environment (stim…
-Stimulus type... -Location... -Structural complexity
-Mechanoreceptors... -Thermoreceptors... -Photoreceptors... -Chemorece…
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
Formed by all neutral structures outside the brain... -Sensory r…
Sensory Receptors
-Specialized to respond to changes in their environment (stim…
134 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Chapter 13: Peripheral Nervous System
CNS consists of:
Within the CNS, various sorts of incom…
The CNS is connected to ______________…
PNS consists of:
Brain and Spinal cord.
Sensory.
sensory receptors, muscles, and glands
cranial nerves that arise from the brain and spinal nerves th…
CNS consists of:
Brain and Spinal cord.
Within the CNS, various sorts of incom…
Sensory.
103 terms
Peripheral Nervous System Anatomy
Olfactory bulb
Olfactory bulb
Olfactory bulb
optic nerve
1 (nerve)
function: smell
2 (nerve)
Olfactory bulb
1 (nerve)
Olfactory bulb
function: smell
32 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Chapter 13 - The Peripheral Nervous System
What does the Peripheral Nervous Syste…
Describe mechanoreceptors. Examples?
What do thermoreceptors respond to?
What do photoreceptors respond to and…
Anything outside of the brain and spinal cord. It has a lot o…
Mechanoreceptors respond to touch, pressure, vibrations, stre…
Temperature
They respond to light energy and are only found in the retina
What does the Peripheral Nervous Syste…
Anything outside of the brain and spinal cord. It has a lot o…
Describe mechanoreceptors. Examples?
Mechanoreceptors respond to touch, pressure, vibrations, stre…
13 terms
ANATOMY - Peripheral Nervous System
axillary nerve
common fibular nerve
dorsal ramus
dorsal root ganglion
axillary nerve
common fibular nerve
21 terms
PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM / LAB 2 / Human Anatomy & Physiology
Olfactory nerve (CN I)
Optic nerve (CN II)
Oculomotor nerve (CN III)
Trochlear nerve (CN IV)
Olfactory nerve (CN I)
Optic nerve (CN II)
7 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 14: The Peripheral Nervous System
nerve
cranial nerve
spinal nerve
endoneurium
a cordlike bundle of neuronal axons and/or dendrites and asso…
nerves emerging from the brain
nerves emerging from the spinal cord
wraps up individual axons
nerve
a cordlike bundle of neuronal axons and/or dendrites and asso…
cranial nerve
nerves emerging from the brain
10 terms
Advanced Anatomy & Physiology - Peripheral Nervous System
The nerve that controls the sense of s…
What nerve innervates the thoracic and…
What nerve supplies motor fibers to th…
The division of the nervous system tha…
Olfactory
Vagus
hypoglossal
autonomic nervous system
The nerve that controls the sense of s…
Olfactory
What nerve innervates the thoracic and…
Vagus
22 terms
Anatomy and Physiology C13 Peripheral Nervous System
Sensory receptors types of stimulus
Noci
sensation (somatosensory system)
perception (somatosensory system)
Mechano, chemo, noci, thermo
respond to pain
aware of stimulus
understand meaning
Sensory receptors types of stimulus
Mechano, chemo, noci, thermo
Noci
respond to pain
11 terms
Peripheral Nervous System Anatomy
Nerve
Spinal Nerve
Epineurium
Perineurium
Nerve
Spinal Nerve
13 terms
Physiology Peripheral Nervous System
Alpha 1 Receptor
Alpha 2 Receptor
Beta 1 Receptor
Beta 2 Receptor
Excitatory and Inhibitory... -excites smooth mucles of most bloo…
Mainly inhibitory... -inhibits the release of gastric acid
Mainly Excitatory... -excites the cardiac muscle and conduction…
mainly inhibitory... -inhibits the smooth muscle of blood vessel…
Alpha 1 Receptor
Excitatory and Inhibitory... -excites smooth mucles of most bloo…
Alpha 2 Receptor
Mainly inhibitory... -inhibits the release of gastric acid
15 terms
Peripheral Nervous System Physiology
Peripheral nervous system divisions
Somatic motor system
Autonomic nervous system
Autonomic nervous system divisions
Somatic motor system and autonomic nervous system
Controls movement of voluntary muscles
Three principal functions: (1) regulation of the heart;... (2) r…
Sympathetic and parasympathetic
Peripheral nervous system divisions
Somatic motor system and autonomic nervous system
Somatic motor system
Controls movement of voluntary muscles
109 terms
Ch.13 The Peripheral Nervous System and reflex activity Anatomy and Physiology
Why do we call spinal nerves mixed?
What are the names of the different co…
Are cranial nerves part of the CNS or…
What is the other major component of t…
They have axons of sensory neurons, and axons of motor neuron…
Epineurium, which is an outer nerve layering with a collagen…
PNS
spinal nerves
Why do we call spinal nerves mixed?
They have axons of sensory neurons, and axons of motor neuron…
What are the names of the different co…
Epineurium, which is an outer nerve layering with a collagen…
59 terms
Physiology: Peripheral Nervous System
Cranial, Spinal
Somatic, Autonomic
Sympathetic, parasympathetic, enteric
digestive system
The PNS is made up of __________ and ____________ nerves.
What are the two divisions of the PNS?
What are the 3 divisions of the Autonomic Nervous System?
The Enteric Nervous System is the nervous system of the _____…
Cranial, Spinal
The PNS is made up of __________ and ____________ nerves.
Somatic, Autonomic
What are the two divisions of the PNS?
92 terms
Physiology- Peripheral Nervous System
phasic receptors
tonic receptors
simple receptors
complex neural receptors
receptors that quickly adapt to continual stimuli and then st…
do not adapt or are slow adaptors ... ex/ muscle position helpin…
neurons with free nerve endings... may have mylenated or unmylen…
nerve endings enclosed in connective tissue capusles... ex/Pacin…
phasic receptors
receptors that quickly adapt to continual stimuli and then st…
tonic receptors
do not adapt or are slow adaptors ... ex/ muscle position helpin…
103 terms
Peripheral Nervous System Anatomy
Olfactory bulb
Olfactory bulb
Olfactory bulb
optic nerve
1 (nerve)
function: smell
2 (nerve)
Olfactory bulb
1 (nerve)
Olfactory bulb
function: smell
37 terms
Physiology of Peripheral Nervous System
Autonomic Nervous System
Rest and digest. Mediated by cholinerg…
Slows Heart Rate... Increases gastric sec…
Fight or flight... Mediated primarily by…
Conducts automatic body functions. Divided into parasympathet…
What is the parasympathetic responsible for?
Functions of Parasympathetic Nervous system?
What is the SNS responsible for? and what neurons and neurotr…
Autonomic Nervous System
Conducts automatic body functions. Divided into parasympathet…
Rest and digest. Mediated by cholinerg…
What is the parasympathetic responsible for?
46 terms
College Anatomy & Physiology: Chapter 13 - Peripheral Nervous System
What are the types of sensory receptors?
What are Exteroceptors?
What are Interoceptors/Visceroceptors?
What are Proprioceptors?
-Mechanical... -Chemical... -Thermal... -Photo... -Nocio
Stimuli arriving from outside the body
Stimuli arriving from organs or blood vessels
Stimuli arriving from skeletal muscle, joints, or connective…
What are the types of sensory receptors?
-Mechanical... -Chemical... -Thermal... -Photo... -Nocio
What are Exteroceptors?
Stimuli arriving from outside the body
38 terms
Peripheral Nervous System - Physiology
peripheral nervous system
peripheral nervous system
peripheral nervous system
enteric nervous system
consists of cranial & spinal nerves
consists of receptors that work together to send information…
consists of somatic & autonomic nervous system, sympathetic &…
nervous system of the digestive system
peripheral nervous system
consists of cranial & spinal nerves
peripheral nervous system
consists of receptors that work together to send information…
30 terms
Physiology - Peripheral Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
Peripheral Nervous System Receptors
Somatic Receptors
Exteroceptors
Consists of cranial and spinal nerves along with receptors th…
Gather stimuli in the PNS and send that information to the ce…
Located in the skin, muscles and joints
Sense changes at the body's surface ... Examples: Merkel's Disk,…
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
Consists of cranial and spinal nerves along with receptors th…
Peripheral Nervous System Receptors
Gather stimuli in the PNS and send that information to the ce…
26 terms
Physiology: peripheral nervous system
pns consists of
The definition of a nerve is...
Each neuron fiber is surrounded by..
Groups of neurons are called...
All nervous tissue outside of the cns
A bundle of nerve fibers found in the PNS
Endoneurium
Fascicles
pns consists of
All nervous tissue outside of the cns
The definition of a nerve is...
A bundle of nerve fibers found in the PNS
9 terms
ANATOMY - Peripheral Nervous System
axillary nerve
common fibular nerve
femoral nerve
median nerve
axillary nerve
common fibular nerve
10 terms
Marieb Anatomy + Physiology Chapter 13: The Peripheral Nervous System + Reflex Activity
Sensory Receptors + 3 Classifications
Stimuli
Sensory Receptors: 5 Classifications b…
Sensory Receptors: 3 Classifications b…
- Specalized to respond to changes in their environment, whic…
Changes in environment
1.) MECHANORECEPTORS: Respond to mechanical force, such as to…
1.) EXTEROCEPTORS: Sensitive to stimuli EXTERNAL to the body,…
Sensory Receptors + 3 Classifications
- Specalized to respond to changes in their environment, whic…
Stimuli
Changes in environment
39 terms
Physiology of the Peripheral Nervous System
Autonomic Nervous System
Parasympathetic Nervous System
Functions of the Parasympathetic Nervo…
Sympathetic Nervous System
A. Conducts "automatic" body functions ... B. Divided into paras…
A. "Rest and Digest"... B. Mediated by cholinergic neurons and t…
1. Slows heart rate... 2. Increases gastric secretions... 3. Urinat…
A. "Fight or Flight"... B. Mediated primarily by adrenergic neur…
Autonomic Nervous System
A. Conducts "automatic" body functions ... B. Divided into paras…
Parasympathetic Nervous System
A. "Rest and Digest"... B. Mediated by cholinergic neurons and t…
58 terms
Physiology of the Peripheral Nervous System
Adrenergic
Afferent neuron
a1 receptors
a2 receptors
mediate responses to epinephrine and norepinephrine
neurons that receive information from our sensory organs and…
blood vessels (vasoconstriction); prostatic capsule (contract…
located on presynaptic nerve terminals and in the CNS
Adrenergic
mediate responses to epinephrine and norepinephrine
Afferent neuron
neurons that receive information from our sensory organs and…
63 terms
Physiology of the Peripheral Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Autonomic Nervous System
Parasympathetic Nervous System
Sympathetic Nervous System
Divided into the somatic and autonomic
Divided into PSNS and SNS... Regulates heart, secretary glands,…
Housekeeping, slowing of HR, increased gastric secretion, emp…
Fight or flight, increased HR/BP
Peripheral Nervous System
Divided into the somatic and autonomic
Autonomic Nervous System
Divided into PSNS and SNS... Regulates heart, secretary glands,…
34 terms
Physiology of the Peripheral Nervous System
Describe the Anatomy of the Autonomic…
Determine the transmitters of the Peri…
What is the difference between choline…
Where are all nicotinic N receptors lo…
PSNS - SC connects to Ganglion w/ Preganglionic neuron, which…
PSNS - Ach as both preganglionic and postganglionic neuron sy…
Cholinergic - receptor that responds to Ach as a NT. Types in…
All ANS ganglia and adrenal medulla. (Not in Somatic)
Describe the Anatomy of the Autonomic…
PSNS - SC connects to Ganglion w/ Preganglionic neuron, which…
Determine the transmitters of the Peri…
PSNS - Ach as both preganglionic and postganglionic neuron sy…
96 terms
Anatomy Peripheral Nervous System
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
two divisions of the peripheral nervou…
gray matter
brain... spinal cord
nerves... ganglia
somatic- body wall and surfuace, conscious... autonomic (viscera…
cell bodies, nuclei
Central Nervous System
brain... spinal cord
Peripheral Nervous System
nerves... ganglia
28 terms
Anatomy - Peripheral Nervous System
Located
Peripheral nerve fiber
Neurolemma
A series of schwann cells are organize…
outside the CNS
the axon of the neuron and its neurolemma
formed by the membrane of schwann cells (myelinated) when sch…
the length of the axon
Located
outside the CNS
Peripheral nerve fiber
the axon of the neuron and its neurolemma
26 terms
Anatomy--Peripheral Nervous System
dorsal root ganglion
ventral root
spinal nerve
nerve
enlarged area that contains the cell bodies of sensory neuron…
projection(s) from the spinal cord that contains the axons of…
projection from the spinal cord that is formed by the fusion…
bundle of neuron fibers found outside the CNS
dorsal root ganglion
enlarged area that contains the cell bodies of sensory neuron…
ventral root
projection(s) from the spinal cord that contains the axons of…
22 terms
The peripheral nervous system- anatomy
sensory (afferent) division
somatic sensory division
visceral sensory division
motor (efferent) division
carries sensory signals by way of afferent nerve fibers from…
carries signals from receptors in the skin, muscles, bones an…
carries signals mainly from the viscera of the thoracic and a…
carries motor signals by way of efferent nerve fibers from th…
sensory (afferent) division
carries sensory signals by way of afferent nerve fibers from…
somatic sensory division
carries signals from receptors in the skin, muscles, bones an…
134 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Chapter 13: Peripheral Nervous System(Read Only)
CNS consists of:
Within the CNS, various sorts of incom…
The CNS is connected to ______________…
PNS consists of:
Brain and Spinal cord.
Sensory.
sensory receptors, muscles, and glands
cranial nerves that arise from the brain and spinal nerves th…
CNS consists of:
Brain and Spinal cord.
Within the CNS, various sorts of incom…
Sensory.
44 terms
Anatomy Peripheral Nervous System
nervous system in peripheral nervous s…
bundle of nerve fibers
laying down while 70 and you get up an…
fascicles have connective tissue aroun…
Somatic
Fascicle/Nerve
Orthostatic Hypotension
Perineurium
nervous system in peripheral nervous s…
Somatic
bundle of nerve fibers
Fascicle/Nerve
47 terms
Anatomy - Peripheral Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Sensory Receptors
Sensation
perception
all neural structures outside the brain, cranial, and spinal…
specialized to respond to changes in the environment
awareness of stimulus
interpretation of meaning of stimulus
Peripheral Nervous System
all neural structures outside the brain, cranial, and spinal…
Sensory Receptors
specialized to respond to changes in the environment
36 terms
Anatomy Peripheral Nervous System
endoneurium
perineurium
epineurium
gamma motor neurons
loose connective tissue surrounding individual axons
binds groups of fibers into fascicles
wraps the whole nerve
extrapyramidal tracts
endoneurium
loose connective tissue surrounding individual axons
perineurium
binds groups of fibers into fascicles
24 terms
Anatomy - Peripheral Nervous System
Afferent Nervous system
Efferent nervous System
Sympathetic nervous system
Parasympathetic nervous system
somatic and visceral (sensory)
somatic and autonomic (motor)
fight or flight response
rest and digest
Afferent Nervous system
somatic and visceral (sensory)
Efferent nervous System
somatic and autonomic (motor)
15 terms
Anatomy Peripheral Nervous System
neuroglia
neuron
neurolemma
impulse
A nonconductive cell that protects the nerve cell
another name for a nerve cell
outermost covering of a nerve cell that repairs damaged cells
the ability of a receptor to respond to a stimulus
neuroglia
A nonconductive cell that protects the nerve cell
neuron
another name for a nerve cell
25 terms
Anatomy peripheral nervous system
Gustatory cells a are stimulated by....
Sensory impulses transmitted over the…
Damage of the medical recti muscles wo…
Nearsightedness is more properly called
Substances in solution
Taste
Convergence
Myopia
Gustatory cells a are stimulated by....
Substances in solution
Sensory impulses transmitted over the…
Taste
17 terms
Anatomy - peripheral nervous system
Bulbous corpuscles
Chemoreceptors
Encapsulated nerve fibers
End bulb
receptors responsive to heavy touch and pressure located in t…
class of receptors that respond to body fluid composition, od…
structural class of general receptors in which denderites are…
receptors located in mucus membranes and are responsive to li…
Bulbous corpuscles
receptors responsive to heavy touch and pressure located in t…
Chemoreceptors
class of receptors that respond to body fluid composition, od…
22 terms
The peripheral nervous system- anatomy
sensory (afferent) division
somatic sensory division
visceral sensory division
motor (efferent) division
carries sensory signals by way of afferent nerve fibers from…
carries signals from receptors in the skin, muscles, bones an…
carries signals mainly from the viscera of the thoracic and a…
carries motor signals by way of efferent nerve fibers from th…
sensory (afferent) division
carries sensory signals by way of afferent nerve fibers from…
somatic sensory division
carries signals from receptors in the skin, muscles, bones an…
46 terms
College Anatomy & Physiology: Chapter 13 - Peripheral Nervous System
What are the types of sensory receptors?
What are Exteroceptors?
What are Interoceptors/Visceroceptors?
What are Proprioceptors?
-Mechanical... -Chemical... -Thermal... -Photo... -Nocio
Stimuli arriving from outside the body
Stimuli arriving from organs or blood vessels
Stimuli arriving from skeletal muscle, joints, or connective…
What are the types of sensory receptors?
-Mechanical... -Chemical... -Thermal... -Photo... -Nocio
What are Exteroceptors?
Stimuli arriving from outside the body
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