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Study sets matching "system terminology chapter 5 musculoskeletal"

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Study sets matching "system terminology chapter 5 musculoskeletal"

141 terms
Medical Terminology - Chapter 5: The Musculoskeletal System
acetabulum
acromion
amphiarthrosis
ankle
Cup-shaped depression in the hip bone into which the top of t…
Part of the scapula that connects to the clavicle
cartilaginous joint having some movement at the union of two…
hinged area between the lower leg bones and the bones of the…
acetabulum
Cup-shaped depression in the hip bone into which the top of t…
acromion
Part of the scapula that connects to the clavicle
215 terms
Medical Terminology: Chapter 5- Musculoskeletal System
a-
amphi-
brady-
dia-
without
both sides
slow
across
a-
without
amphi-
both sides
263 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 5- Musculoskeletal System
a-
an-
brady-
dia-
without, absence of
without, absence of
slow
around, passing through
a-
without, absence of
an-
without, absence of
218 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 5: Musculoskeletal system
a-
amphi-
brady-
dia-
without
both sides
slow
across
a-
without
amphi-
both sides
116 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 5: The Musculoskeletal System
Osteocytes
Osteoblasts
Osteoclasts
Ossification
The cells of bones
bone-forming cells
Reabsorbs dead bone
The hardening process and development of the osteocytes
Osteocytes
The cells of bones
Osteoblasts
bone-forming cells
72 terms
Medical Terminology: Chapter 5 Musculoskeletal System
angi/o; vas/o
aort/o
arteri/o
ather/o
vessel
aorta
artery
fatty substance
angi/o; vas/o
vessel
aort/o
aorta
114 terms
Chapter 5: The Musculoskeletal System
osteoblast/osteocyte
compact bone
spongy bone
reticular connective tissue
fundamental cell type of bone connective tissue
bone tissue matrix is arranged as osteons
bone tissue matrix is arranged as a honeycomb of trabeculae
-network of reticular fibers that are secreted by reticular c…
osteoblast/osteocyte
fundamental cell type of bone connective tissue
compact bone
bone tissue matrix is arranged as osteons
119 terms
MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM: Chapter 5
The skeleton is composed of
What do bones do for the body (5 main…
Four types of CT
Bone CT
cartilage, bones, ligaments, and joints
Support softer tissues... Protect softer tissues ... Act as levers…
Bone Reticular Dense Irregular and Cartilage
•Bone tissue matrix are arranged into-Osteons (cylinder struc…
The skeleton is composed of
cartilage, bones, ligaments, and joints
What do bones do for the body (5 main…
Support softer tissues... Protect softer tissues ... Act as levers…
91 terms
Chpt 5 Musculoskeletal system
acetabulum
acromion
articular cartilage
articulation
cup-shaped depression in the hip bone into which the top of t…
part of the scapula that connects to the clavicle
cartilage at a joint
point at which 2 bones join together to allow movement
acetabulum
cup-shaped depression in the hip bone into which the top of t…
acromion
part of the scapula that connects to the clavicle
74 terms
Chapter 5: Musculoskeletal System
Bone marrow
Compact bone
Diaphysis
Endosteum
Soft tissue within bone
Harder, denser bone; noncancellous bone
The shaft of a long bone
Membrane lining the central medullary cavity
Bone marrow
Soft tissue within bone
Compact bone
Harder, denser bone; noncancellous bone
353 terms
Chapter 5 musculoskeletal system
Bone marrow
Compact bone
Diaphysis
Endosteum
Soft tissue within a bone
Harder, denser bone; noncancellous bone
The shaft of the long bone
Membrane lining the central medullary cavity
Bone marrow
Soft tissue within a bone
Compact bone
Harder, denser bone; noncancellous bone
148 terms
Chapter 5: Musculoskeletal System
a-
amphi-
brady-
dia-
without
both sides
slow
across
a-
without
amphi-
both sides
29 terms
Chapter 5: Musculoskeletal System
EMG
Costovertebral
Osteoclast
Ulna
Diagnostic test that produces a graphic record of the eletric…
Pertaining to the ribs and thoracic vertebrae
Surgical instrument used to fracture a bone to correct a defo…
The more inner of the two bones of the lower arm
EMG
Diagnostic test that produces a graphic record of the eletric…
Costovertebral
Pertaining to the ribs and thoracic vertebrae
50 terms
Chapter 5: Musculoskeletal System
Dia-
-asthenia
-clasis
-desis
Slow
Embryonic cell
To break
Pain
Dia-
Slow
-asthenia
Embryonic cell
201 terms
Chapter 5: Musculoskeletal System
Allo-
Amphi-
Auto-
Brady-
different/other
both sides
self/own
slow
Allo-
different/other
Amphi-
both sides
44 terms
Chapter 5 (Musculoskeletal System)
musculoskeletal system
bone
joint
muscle
system of the body including the muscles and skeleton
hard connective tissue that forms the skeleton of the body
place of joining between two or more bones
contractile tissue that plays a major role in body movement
musculoskeletal system
system of the body including the muscles and skeleton
bone
hard connective tissue that forms the skeleton of the body
239 terms
Chapter 5: Musculoskeletal System
Bones [oss/e, oss/i, oste/o, ost/o]
Bone Marrow [mye/o]
Cartilage [chondr/o]
Ligaments [ligament/o]
are a framework for the body and protect the internal organs…
forms some blood cells.
creates a smooth surface for motion within the joints and pro…
connect bone to bone.
Bones [oss/e, oss/i, oste/o, ost/o]
are a framework for the body and protect the internal organs…
Bone Marrow [mye/o]
forms some blood cells.
99 terms
Chapter 5: Musculoskeletal System
a-
amphi-
brady-
dia-
without
both sides
slow
across
a-
without
amphi-
both sides
87 terms
Musculoskeletal System (Chapter 5)
ankyl/o
arthr/o
articul/o
burs/o
stiff
joint
joint
bursa
ankyl/o
stiff
arthr/o
joint
76 terms
Chapter 5 Musculoskeletal System
-asthenia
-blast
-clasis... -clast
-cyte
weakness
embryonic cell
to break
cell
-asthenia
weakness
-blast
embryonic cell
163 terms
Chapter 5 - Musculoskeletal System
Osteoblasts
Osteocytes
Osteoclasts
Long Bones
immature osteocytes; literally bone cells
bony tissue that replaces cartilaginous tissues
cells that break up and reabsorb bony tissues
found in thigh, lower leg, and upper and lower arms... reservoir…
Osteoblasts
immature osteocytes; literally bone cells
Osteocytes
bony tissue that replaces cartilaginous tissues
338 terms
Chapter 5-Musculoskeletal System
Acetabulum
Acromion
Amphiarthrosis
Ankle
Cup-shaped depression in the hip bone into which the top of t…
Part of the scapula that connects to the clavicle
Cartilaginous joint having some movement at the union of two…
Hinged area between the lower leg bones and the bones of the…
Acetabulum
Cup-shaped depression in the hip bone into which the top of t…
Acromion
Part of the scapula that connects to the clavicle
26 terms
chapter 5 The Musculoskeletal System
myel
phalang (o)
pod
rachi (o)
spinal cord; bone marrow
finger or toe bone
foot
spine
myel
spinal cord; bone marrow
phalang (o)
finger or toe bone
113 terms
Chapter 5 - The Musculoskeletal System
Function
osteoblasts
osteoclasts
Why is bone broken down and rebuilt co…
Holds body together, movement, protects internal organs
bone forming cells
bone reabsorption cells
Balance of calcium, phosphorus, and vitamin D
Function
Holds body together, movement, protects internal organs
osteoblasts
bone forming cells
21 terms
Chapter 5 - The Musculoskeletal System
acetabulum
acromion
amphiarthrosis
ankle
...
...
...
...
acetabulum
...
acromion
...
39 terms
Chapter 5 Musculoskeletal system
What are bone-forming cells called?
How many bones are in the body?
The scapula and clavicle join at a poi…
Other name for kneecap
Osteoblasts
206
acromion
patella
What are bone-forming cells called?
Osteoblasts
How many bones are in the body?
206
21 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 5 Words Pertaining to the Musculoskeletal System
Allograft
aponeurosis
apophysitis
autograft
graft of tissue between two individuals (usually a person and…
broad, flat sheet of tissue that act as tendons and attach to…
inflammation where a tendon attaches to a bone
graft of tissue from the patient's own body
Allograft
graft of tissue between two individuals (usually a person and…
aponeurosis
broad, flat sheet of tissue that act as tendons and attach to…
9 terms
Chapter 5: The Musculoskeletal System
Structural characteristics of fibrous…
Structural characteristics of cartilag…
Structural characteristics of synovial…
What are the types of synovial joints?
dense connective tissue binds the bones; no joint cavity
cartilage connective tissue binds the bones; no joint cavity
an articular capsule, ligaments and muscles bind the bones; a…
plane, hinge, pivot, condylar, saddle, and ball-and-socket
Structural characteristics of fibrous…
dense connective tissue binds the bones; no joint cavity
Structural characteristics of cartilag…
cartilage connective tissue binds the bones; no joint cavity
10 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 5 Conditions of Musculoskeletal System with Unique Names
Fibromyalgia
Legg-Clave-Perthes disease
Muscular dystrophy (MD)
Myasthenia gravis
disorder with widespread, chronic musculoskeletal pain and fa…
osteochrondosis of the femoral head in children
genetic disorder causing progressive atrophy of the skeletal…
chronic autoimmune disorder where one lacks muscle strength;…
Fibromyalgia
disorder with widespread, chronic musculoskeletal pain and fa…
Legg-Clave-Perthes disease
osteochrondosis of the femoral head in children
223 terms
ATEP Chapter 5: Musculoskeletal System
Short Bones
Flat Bones
Sesamoid Bones
a-
Small, irregular bones such as those found in the wrist and a…
Bones found in the skull, ribs, pelvis, and shoulder blade (s…
Small, rounded bones found encapsulated within tendons. They…
without
Short Bones
Small, irregular bones such as those found in the wrist and a…
Flat Bones
Bones found in the skull, ribs, pelvis, and shoulder blade (s…
92 terms
Chapter 5: The Musculoskeletal System
Skeletal System
Bones
Four Types of Bone Connective Tissue
Osteoblast/Osteocyte
A framework composed of bones, cartilages, ligaments, and joi…
They support softer tissues and give the body form, protect s…
Bone, reticular, dense irregular, and cartilage.
The fundamental cell type of bone connective tissue that resi…
Skeletal System
A framework composed of bones, cartilages, ligaments, and joi…
Bones
They support softer tissues and give the body form, protect s…
19 terms
HCST Ch 5 Musculoskeletal System
arthrogram
cervicodynia
craniotomy
dyskinesia
X-ran of a joint
neck pain
incision, or surgical cutting, of the skull
difficulty or abnormality of movement
arthrogram
X-ran of a joint
cervicodynia
neck pain
116 terms
HBod Chapter 5: Musculoskeletal System
skeletal muscles & the secretion
bones, cartialage, ligaments & joints
bones
bone, reticular dense irregular & cart…
parts of musculoskeletal system
skeleton/skeletal system
-support softer tissues & give the body form... -protect softer…
4 types of connective tissue (vascular & nerve supply)
skeletal muscles & the secretion
parts of musculoskeletal system
bones, cartialage, ligaments & joints
skeleton/skeletal system
Chapter 5-6: Musculoskeletal System
phylang
arth
scholi
carp
phalanx (any bone of finger and toes)
joint
crooked, curved (spine)
carpus (wrist)
phylang
phalanx (any bone of finger and toes)
arth
joint
52 terms
Chapter 5 Musculoskeletal System Roots
acetabul(o)
acromi(o)
ankyl(o)
arthr(o)
acetabulum
end point of the scapula
bent, crooked
joint
acetabul(o)
acetabulum
acromi(o)
end point of the scapula
223 terms
ATEP Chapter 5: Musculoskeletal System
Short Bones
Flat Bones
Sesamoid Bones
a-
Small, irregular bones such as those found in the wrist and a…
Bones found in the skull, ribs, pelvis, and shoulder blade (s…
Small, rounded bones found encapsulated within tendons. They…
without
Short Bones
Small, irregular bones such as those found in the wrist and a…
Flat Bones
Bones found in the skull, ribs, pelvis, and shoulder blade (s…
118 terms
UMT Chapter 5: Musculoskeletal System
a-
an-
brady-
dia-
without; absence of
without; absence of
slow
around; passing through
a-
without; absence of
an-
without; absence of
21 terms
MT Chapter 5 Musculoskeletal System
allograft
aponeurosis
apophysitis
autograft
graft of tissue between two individuals (usually a person and…
broad, flat sheet of tissue that act as tendons and attach to…
inflammation where a tendon attaches to a bone
graft of tissue from the patients own body
allograft
graft of tissue between two individuals (usually a person and…
aponeurosis
broad, flat sheet of tissue that act as tendons and attach to…
17 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 5 Tests and Procedures Specific to the Musculoskeletal System
amputation
ankylosis
arthrocentesis
arthroplasty
surgical removal of a digit/limb
immobility of a joint; fixation
process used to remove fluid from a joint
surgical repair of a joint
amputation
surgical removal of a digit/limb
ankylosis
immobility of a joint; fixation
187 terms
ATEP Chapter 5: Musculoskeletal System
short bones
flat bones
sesamoid bones
amphi-
small, irregular bones such as those found in the wrist and a…
bones found in the skull, ribs, pelvis, and shoulder blade
small, rounded bones found encapsulated within tendons, they…
both sides
short bones
small, irregular bones such as those found in the wrist and a…
flat bones
bones found in the skull, ribs, pelvis, and shoulder blade
143 terms
Chapter 5 Musculoskeletal System (pgs. 115-120)
acetabulum
acromion
amphiarthrosis
ankle
cup-shaped depression in the hip bone into which the top of t…
part of the scapula that connects to the clavicle
cartilaginous joint having some movement at the union of two…
hinged area between the lower leg bones and the bones of the…
acetabulum
cup-shaped depression in the hip bone into which the top of t…
acromion
part of the scapula that connects to the clavicle
15 terms
Chpt 5 Musculoskeletal System Part 2
arthrography
arthroscopy
bone scan
chriropractor
radiography of a joint
examination with an instrument that explores the interior of…
radiographic or nuclear medicine image of a bone
health care professional who works to align the spinal column…
arthrography
radiography of a joint
arthroscopy
examination with an instrument that explores the interior of…
218 terms
Chp 5: Musculoskeletal System
Osteoblasts
Osteocytes
Osteoclasts
Long Bones
Bone-forming cells.
mature bone cells
Bone-destroying cells
Reservoir for producing red blood cells. E.X. thigh, lower le…
Osteoblasts
Bone-forming cells.
Osteocytes
mature bone cells
65 terms
chapter 5: musculoskeletal system (combining forms)
acetabul
Acromi
Ankyl
Arthr
Acetabulum
End point of the scapula
Bent, crooked
Joint
acetabul
Acetabulum
Acromi
End point of the scapula
Human Body Chapter 5: Musculoskeletal System
Osteoblasts/Osteocyte
Collagenous fibers
Diaphysis
Compact bone
Fundamental cell type of bone connective tissue... Reside in lac…
Give bone tissue tensile strength (resist breakage)
Long cylindrical portion
Composes most of the wall of diaphysis
Osteoblasts/Osteocyte
Fundamental cell type of bone connective tissue... Reside in lac…
Collagenous fibers
Give bone tissue tensile strength (resist breakage)
22 terms
Chapter 5 - Musculoskeletal System Combining Forms
acetabul(o)
acromi(o)
brachi(o)
calcane(o)
pertaining to an acetabulum, cup-shaped part of pelvis (hip j…
end of scapula
arm
heel
acetabul(o)
pertaining to an acetabulum, cup-shaped part of pelvis (hip j…
acromi(o)
end of scapula
60 terms
Chapter 5 - Musculoskeletal System Abbreviations and Terms
AK
AKA
BK
C1-C2
above the knee
above the knee amputation
below the knee
junction between 1st and 2nd cervical vertebrae
AK
above the knee
AKA
above the knee amputation
71 terms
Chapter 5 Musculoskeletal system-- Med Term
amphiarthroses
diarthrosis
fissure
fossa
cartilaginous joints having some movement at the union of two…
freely movable joints
deep furrow or slit
depression
amphiarthroses
cartilaginous joints having some movement at the union of two…
diarthrosis
freely movable joints
21 terms
Chpt 5 Musculoskeletal System
allograft
aponeurosis
apophysitis
autograph
graft of tissue between two individuals (usually a person and…
broad, flat sheet of tissue that acts as tendons and attach t…
inflammation where a tendon attaches to a bone
graft of tissue from patient's own body
allograft
graft of tissue between two individuals (usually a person and…
aponeurosis
broad, flat sheet of tissue that acts as tendons and attach t…
53 terms
Lab Chapter 5: The Musculoskeletal System
diaphysis
medullary cavity
epiphysis
spongy bone
long, cylindrical portion of a long bone
filled with bone marrow
ends of long bone composed mostly of spongy bone
at the ends of long bones, made of trabeculae
diaphysis
long, cylindrical portion of a long bone
medullary cavity
filled with bone marrow
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