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Study sets matching "system terminology chapter 5"

178 terms
Medical Terminology, Chapter 5 Terms, The Cardiovascular System
ACE inhibitor
anemia
aneurysm
aneurysmectomy
blocks the action of the enzyme that causes the blood vessels…
a lower than normal number of erythrocytes in the blood
a localized weak spot, or balloon-like enlargement, of the wa…
the surgical removal of an aneurysm
ACE inhibitor
blocks the action of the enzyme that causes the blood vessels…
anemia
a lower than normal number of erythrocytes in the blood
112 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 5-Digestive System
gastrointestinal tract
ingest
digest
digestive enzymes
Portion of the body that begins at the mouth and ends at the…
Food taken in the mouth
Food is mechanically or chemically broken down
They speed up the chemical reaction to aid in the breakdown o…
gastrointestinal tract
Portion of the body that begins at the mouth and ends at the…
ingest
Food taken in the mouth
32 terms
Chapter 5--Muscular System Terminology
Buccinator
Masseter
Sternomastoid
Temporalis
A thin muscle located between the maxilla (top of jaw) and th…
muscle located at the angle of the jaw--lets you chew
Muscle located in the anterior portion of each side of the ne…
Muscle that links the mandible (bottom jaw) to the temple on…
Buccinator
A thin muscle located between the maxilla (top of jaw) and th…
Masseter
muscle located at the angle of the jaw--lets you chew
74 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 5 The Cardiovascular System
angi/o
aort/o
arteri/o
ather/o
blood or lymph vessel
aorta
artery
plaque, fatty substance
angi/o
blood or lymph vessel
aort/o
aorta
113 terms
Chapter 5 -Integumentary System - Wingerd Medical Terminology
aden/o
aut/o
cutane/o
cyan/o
gland
self
skin
blue
aden/o
gland
aut/o
self
48 terms
Chapter 5--Muscular System Terminology
Buccinator
Masseter
Orbicularis oculi
Orbicularis Oris
A thin muscle located between the maxilla (top of jaw) and th…
muscle located at the angle of the jaw--lets you chew
Muscle located around the eyes
Muscle located around the mouth
Buccinator
A thin muscle located between the maxilla (top of jaw) and th…
Masseter
muscle located at the angle of the jaw--lets you chew
85 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 5 - Cardiovascular & Lymphatic System
Cardiovascular System
Layers of the Heart Wall
endocardium
myocardium
-heart is four-chambered muscular organ located in mediastinu…
-inner membranous layer... -lines interior of heart & heart valves
-middle muscular layer... -composed of special type of muscle ar…
Cardiovascular System
-heart is four-chambered muscular organ located in mediastinu…
Layers of the Heart Wall
98 terms
Medical Terminology Cardiovascular System Chapter 5
Surgical procedure that opens a blocke…
Large blood vessels that carry oxygena…
Microscopic blood vessels joining arte…
Pertaining to presence of a disorder a…
Angioplasty
Arteries
Capillaries
Congenital
Surgical procedure that opens a blocke…
Angioplasty
Large blood vessels that carry oxygena…
Arteries
389 terms
Chapter 5 - Cardiovascular System, Medical Terminology:
ACE inhibitor
anemia
aneurysm
aneurysmectomy
blocks the action of the enzyme that causes the blood vessels…
a lower than normal number of erythrocytes in the blood
a localized weak spot, or balloon-like enlargement, of the wa…
the surgical removal of an aneurysm
ACE inhibitor
blocks the action of the enzyme that causes the blood vessels…
anemia
a lower than normal number of erythrocytes in the blood
83 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 5: The Integumentary System
integumentary system
androgen
ductule
homeostasis
skin, hair, nails, and glands working together
generic term for an agent (usually a hormone, such as testost…
very small duct
state in which mechanisms of the body maintain an internal en…
integumentary system
skin, hair, nails, and glands working together
androgen
generic term for an agent (usually a hormone, such as testost…
796 terms
digestive system vocabulary & terminology chapter 5 & 6
absorption
animo acids
amylase
anus
passage of materials through the small intestine into the blo…
small building blocks of proteins (like links in a chain) rel…
enzymes secreted by the pancrease to digest starch
terminal end or opening of the digestive tract to the outside…
absorption
passage of materials through the small intestine into the blo…
animo acids
small building blocks of proteins (like links in a chain) rel…
796 terms
digestive system vocabulary & terminology chapter 5 & 6
absorption
animo acids
amylase
anus
passage of materials through the small intestine into the blo…
small building blocks of proteins (like links in a chain) rel…
enzymes secreted by the pancrease to digest starch
terminal end or opening of the digestive tract to the outside…
absorption
passage of materials through the small intestine into the blo…
animo acids
small building blocks of proteins (like links in a chain) rel…
78 terms
chapter 5 medical terminology cardiovascular system
Cardiomegaly
Angiitis
Congenital Heart Defects
Vascular Surgeon
is the abnormal enlargement of the heart
aka- vasculitis, is the inflammation of blood or lymph vessel
are structural abnormalities cause by the failure of the hear…
A physician who specializes in the diagnosis,medical manageme…
Cardiomegaly
is the abnormal enlargement of the heart
Angiitis
aka- vasculitis, is the inflammation of blood or lymph vessel
Chapter 5 Cardiovascular System
angio/o
aort/o
arteri/o
ather/o
blood or lymph vessel
aorta
Artery
fatty substance, plaque
angio/o
blood or lymph vessel
aort/o
aorta
90 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 5 Integumentary System
acne
acrochordon
actinic dermatitis
albinism
inflammatory condition of the sebaceous glands and the hair f…
small outgrowth of the epidermal and dermal tissue; Skin tags
inflammation of the skin caused by exposure to radiant light…
absence of pigment in skin, hair, and eyes
acne
inflammatory condition of the sebaceous glands and the hair f…
acrochordon
small outgrowth of the epidermal and dermal tissue; Skin tags
178 terms
Medical Terminology, Chapter 5 Terms, The Cardiovascular System
ACE inhibitor
anemia
aneurysm
aneurysmectomy
blocks the action of the enzyme that causes the blood vessels…
a lower than normal number of erythrocytes in the blood
a localized weak spot, or balloon-like enlargement, of the wa…
the surgical removal of an aneurysm
ACE inhibitor
blocks the action of the enzyme that causes the blood vessels…
anemia
a lower than normal number of erythrocytes in the blood
49 terms
Medical Terminology: Cardiovascular System Chapter 5
angi/o-
aort/o-
arteri/o-
ather/o-
vessel
aorta
artery
artery
angi/o-
vessel
aort/o-
aorta
211 terms
Chapter 5 - Cardiovascular System, Medical Terminology:
angioplasty
arteries
capillaries
congenital
surgical procedure that opens a blocked artery by inflating a…
large blood vessels that carry oxygenated blood away from the…
microscopic blood vessels joining arterioles and venules
pertaining to the presence of a disorder at the time of birth…
angioplasty
surgical procedure that opens a blocked artery by inflating a…
arteries
large blood vessels that carry oxygenated blood away from the…
334 terms
Medical Terminology: Cardiology Cardiovascular System; Chapter 5
cardiovascular system
cardi/o-
vascul/o-
-ar
Thecardiovascular system is a continuous, circular body syste…
heart
blood vessel
pertaining to
cardiovascular system
Thecardiovascular system is a continuous, circular body syste…
cardi/o-
heart
54 terms
Medical Terminology - Chapter 5 Cardiovascular System
Angi/o
Aort/
Arteri/o
Ather/o
vessel
aorta
artery
fatty substance
Angi/o
vessel
Aort/
aorta
54 terms
Chapter 5-6: Digestive System Terminology
an/o
append/o... appendic/o
bucc/o
cec/o
anus
appendix
cheek
cecum
an/o
anus
append/o... appendic/o
appendix
58 terms
Chapter 5: Digestive System (Vocabulary and Terminology)
Absorption
amino acids
amylase
Anus
passage of materials through the walls of the small intestine…
small building blocks of proteins released when proteins are…
Enzyme that secreted by the pancreas and salivary glands to d…
Terminal end or opening of the digestive tract to the outside…
Absorption
passage of materials through the walls of the small intestine…
amino acids
small building blocks of proteins released when proteins are…
70 terms
medical terminology chapter 5 the integumentary system
skin
integumentary system AKA integument
skin functions
melanin
one of the most important body's organs
consists of the skin, hair, nails, sweat glands, and oil glan…
Protection from injury, protection against infection, regulat…
-pigment and protection from ultraviolet radiation
skin
one of the most important body's organs
integumentary system AKA integument
consists of the skin, hair, nails, sweat glands, and oil glan…
55 terms
Medical Terminology - Chapter 5 Digestive System
an/o
append/o
bucc/o
cec/o
anus
appendix
cheek
cecum
an/o
anus
append/o
appendix
185 terms
Medical Terminology, Chapter 5 Terms, The Cardiovascular System
ACE inhibitor
cardiac enzymes
Primary structures that make up the Ca…
Funciton
blocks the action of the enzyme that causes the blood vessels…
(blood test) determines level of enzymes specific to heart mu…
Heart &... blood vessels... - arteries (red - Carry blood away fro…
Transports needed substances to the cells of the body &... remov…
ACE inhibitor
blocks the action of the enzyme that causes the blood vessels…
cardiac enzymes
(blood test) determines level of enzymes specific to heart mu…
15 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 5 Cardiovascular System Difficult
ather/o
embol/o
isch/o
sphygm/o
fatty substance
plug, breaking from thrombus; typically fatty substance
to hold back
pulse like sphygmomanometer
ather/o
fatty substance
embol/o
plug, breaking from thrombus; typically fatty substance
26 terms
Chapter 5: Muscular System
Strap muscles
Fusiform muscles
Rhomboidal muscle
Triangular muscle
Long and thin muscles running the entire length of muscle.
Wider and the middle with tapered ends.
four-sided and usually flat with broad attachments.
flat and fan shaped with fibers radiating from narrow attachm…
Strap muscles
Long and thin muscles running the entire length of muscle.
Fusiform muscles
Wider and the middle with tapered ends.
101 terms
Medical terminology Chapter 5 The Cardiovascular System
Which term means a heart attack?
An embolism is the blockage of a vesse…
Which condition is the inflammation of…
An infarct is a localized area of tiss…
myocardial infarction
True
arteritis
True
Which term means a heart attack?
myocardial infarction
An embolism is the blockage of a vesse…
True
126 terms
Chapter 5 Integumentary System
cutane/o
derm/o
dermat/o
seb/o
skin
skin
skin
sebum, sebaceous
cutane/o
skin
derm/o
skin
158 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 5 The cardiovascular system
Angi/o
aort/o
arteri/o
arther/o
blood or lymph vessel
aorta
artery
plaque, fatty substance
Angi/o
blood or lymph vessel
aort/o
aorta
97 terms
Medical terminology- Chapter 5 Digestive System
Alimentary Canal and Accessory Organs
alimentary
bariatric
digestion
Alimentary canal- Mouth, Esphagus, small intestine, large int…
S/... -ary pertaining to... Pertaining to the digestive tract... R/... al…
S/... -atric treatment... Treatment of obesity... R/... bari- weight
S/-ion- action... R/digest- to break down... Breakdown of food into…
Alimentary Canal and Accessory Organs
Alimentary canal- Mouth, Esphagus, small intestine, large int…
alimentary
S/... -ary pertaining to... Pertaining to the digestive tract... R/... al…
75 terms
Chapter 5 Cardiovascular System
angio/o
aort/o
arteri/o
ather/o
blood or lymph vessel
aorta
Artery
fatty substance, plaque
angio/o
blood or lymph vessel
aort/o
aorta
53 terms
Medical Terminology - Chapter 5 - Respiratory System
pulmon/o
sinus/o
tonsill/o
atel/o
lung
sinus
tonsil
imperfect, incomplete
pulmon/o
lung
sinus/o
sinus
68 terms
Medical Terminology, Chapter 5, Cardiovascular System
Atheroma
Veins
Pulse
Embolus
a deposit of fatty plaque on or within the arterial wall
blood vessels that carry blood toward the heart
the rhythmic pressure against the walls of an artery caused b…
a foreign object that is circulating in the blood (blood clot…
Atheroma
a deposit of fatty plaque on or within the arterial wall
Veins
blood vessels that carry blood toward the heart
66 terms
Medical Terminology: Chapter 5 The Cardiovascular System
angi/o, vas/o
capill/o
arteri/o
ather/o
blood or lymph vessel
capillaries
artery
plaque or fatty substance
angi/o, vas/o
blood or lymph vessel
capill/o
capillaries
10 terms
Chapter 5 The Respiratory System
cellular respiration
pharynx
trachea
cilia
the process when the body cells break down glucose using oxyg…
throat
wind pipe
tiny hairlike extensions that move together in sweeping motion
cellular respiration
the process when the body cells break down glucose using oxyg…
pharynx
throat
45 terms
Integumentary System - Chapter 5
* 5 Functions of Integumentary System
* 3 layers of the skin
skin
keratin
1. Protection... 2. Regulation... 3. Communication... 4. Excretion... 5.…
- The epidermis: the outermost layer of skin, provides a wate…
largest organ of the body
makes the skin dry and waterproof
* 5 Functions of Integumentary System
1. Protection... 2. Regulation... 3. Communication... 4. Excretion... 5.…
* 3 layers of the skin
- The epidermis: the outermost layer of skin, provides a wate…
61 terms
Chapter 5 - The Muscular System
Agonist
Antagonist
Aponeurosis
Concentric
role played by a skeletal muscle to cause a movement
role played by a skeletal muscle acting to slow or stop a mov…
a flat, sheetlike fibrous tissue that connects muscle or bone…
a type of contraction that causes shortening of a muscle
Agonist
role played by a skeletal muscle to cause a movement
Antagonist
role played by a skeletal muscle acting to slow or stop a mov…
44 terms
Chapter 5-Integumentary System
3 Layers of Integumentary System
Epidermis
Dermis
Hypodermis--(superficial fascia)—
Epidermis, Dermis, Hypodermis
superficial (outermost) region
underlying region making up the bulk of the skin
Function:-Mostly storing fat (shock absorber & insulator) and…
3 Layers of Integumentary System
Epidermis, Dermis, Hypodermis
Epidermis
superficial (outermost) region
56 terms
Chapter 5: Digestive System (Terminology)
an/o
append/o
appendic/o
bucc/o
anus
appendix
appendix
cheek
an/o
anus
append/o
appendix
38 terms
Chapter 5 digestive system terminology
an/o
Appendic/o
append/0
Bucc/o
Anus
Appendix
Appendix
Cheek
an/o
Anus
Appendic/o
Appendix
141 terms
Medical Terminology - Chapter 5: The Musculoskeletal System
acetabulum
acromion
amphiarthrosis
ankle
Cup-shaped depression in the hip bone into which the top of t…
Part of the scapula that connects to the clavicle
cartilaginous joint having some movement at the union of two…
hinged area between the lower leg bones and the bones of the…
acetabulum
Cup-shaped depression in the hip bone into which the top of t…
acromion
Part of the scapula that connects to the clavicle
Chapter 5 Digestive System Terminology
Absorption
Achlorydia
Amino Acids
Amalyse
Passage of materials through the walls of the small intestine…
Absence of hydrochloric acid in the gastric secretions.
Small building blocks of proteins (like links in a chain), re…
Enzyme (-ase) secreted by the pancreas and salivary glands to…
Absorption
Passage of materials through the walls of the small intestine…
Achlorydia
Absence of hydrochloric acid in the gastric secretions.
54 terms
chapter 5 terminology: digestive system
an/o
append/o, appendic/o
bucc/o
cec/o
anus
appendix
cheek
cecum
an/o
anus
append/o, appendic/o
appendix
39 terms
Chapter 5 Cardiovascular System Terminology
angi/o
aort/o
arteri/o
ather/o
vessel
aorta
artery
fatty substance
angi/o
vessel
aort/o
aorta
45 terms
"Skeletal System" - Chapter 5: The Skeletal System
Bone
Compact bone
Spongy Bone
Long Bone
One of the four parts of the skeletal system. Responsible for…
One of the two types of bone tissue. Hard material covering t…
Small needle-like pieces of bone. Contains many open spaces.
A type of bone shape classification. They are long in shape a…
Bone
One of the four parts of the skeletal system. Responsible for…
Compact bone
One of the two types of bone tissue. Hard material covering t…
54 terms
Chapter 5 The Skeletal System
There are 15 phalanges in a human hand…
Nearly one fourth of all human bones c…
Babies are born with 300 bones, but by…
The largest bone in the human body is…
False. The human hand has 14 phalanges.
True
True
A. Femur
There are 15 phalanges in a human hand…
False. The human hand has 14 phalanges.
Nearly one fourth of all human bones c…
True
75 terms
Chapter 5 Cardiovascular System
angio/o
aort/o
arteri/o
ather/o
blood or lymph vessel
aorta
Artery
fatty substance, plaque
angio/o
blood or lymph vessel
aort/o
aorta
70 terms
medical terminology chapter 5 the integumentary system
skin
integumentary system AKA integument
skin functions
melanin
one of the most important body's organs
consists of the skin, hair, nails, sweat glands, and oil glan…
Protection from injury, protection against infection, regulat…
-pigment and protection from ultraviolet radiation
skin
one of the most important body's organs
integumentary system AKA integument
consists of the skin, hair, nails, sweat glands, and oil glan…
72 terms
Terminology Chapter 5 - The Cardiovascular System
angi/o
aort/o
arteri/o
ather/o
blood or lymph vessel
aorta
artery
plaque, fatty substance
angi/o
blood or lymph vessel
aort/o
aorta
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