Study sets matching "systems chapter 3"

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Study sets matching "systems chapter 3"

Chapter 3 Linear Systems
Matrix
matrix element
Objective Function
Row Operation
a rectangular array of numbers
Each number in a matrix
In a linear programming model, the objective function is a mo…
A row operation on an augmented matrix is any of the followin…
Matrix
a rectangular array of numbers
matrix element
Each number in a matrix
Systems Analysis Chapter 3
Project manager
Project
Deliverable
Feasibility Study
A systems analyst with a diverse set of skills - management,…
Is a planned undertaking of a series of related activities to…
End product of an SDLC phase.
A study that determines if the proposed information system ma…
Project manager
A systems analyst with a diverse set of skills - management,…
Project
Is a planned undertaking of a series of related activities to…
Chapter 3 - Human Body Systems
artery
capillary
circulatory system
heart
a blood vessel that carries blood away from the heart
very tiny, thin blood vessels
a system of organs that carries oxygen and nutrients to all t…
the organ that pumps blood
artery
a blood vessel that carries blood away from the heart
capillary
very tiny, thin blood vessels
Political Systems Chapter 3
Popular Sovereignty
Limited Government
Separation of Powers
Preamble
rule by the people.
government that is restricted in what it can and cannot do.
each branch of government has its responsibilities, a system…
introduction to the Constitution. States its purpose.
Popular Sovereignty
rule by the people.
Limited Government
government that is restricted in what it can and cannot do.
51 terms
Systems Chapter 3
sequential circuits covered
banks of flip-flops contain
bistable element
simple bistable element
- simple bistable element... - SR Latch... - D Latch... -D Flip Flo…
state of the circuit
an element with two stable states - the fundamental building…
pair of cross-coupled inverters (stable!)
sequential circuits covered
- simple bistable element... - SR Latch... - D Latch... -D Flip Flo…
banks of flip-flops contain
state of the circuit
40 terms
Chapter 3 Belief Systems
migrations
Indo-Europeans
steppes (stehps)
Hittites
movements of a people from one region to another.
nomadic people who may have come from north of the Black Sea…
dry grasslands (grass covered plains) that stretched north of…
Empire that dominated Southwest Asia starting in 2000 B.C. Th…
migrations
movements of a people from one region to another.
Indo-Europeans
nomadic people who may have come from north of the Black Sea…
10 terms
Chapter 3: Linear Systems
System of equations
Linear system
Independent system
Dependent system
A set of two or more equations that use the same variables.... P…
A system of two variables whose graph is a line.
A system that has one unique solution.... Photo: y = x + 10 and…
A system that does not have a unique solution.... Photo: y = x +…
System of equations
A set of two or more equations that use the same variables.... P…
Linear system
A system of two variables whose graph is a line.
40 terms
Chapter 3: Skeletal System
joint
cartilage
bone
neck
arthr/o ; articul/o
chondr/o
oste/o
cervic/o
joint
arthr/o ; articul/o
cartilage
chondr/o
Economic Systems (Chapter 3)
Economic equity
Economic system
Traditional economy
Command economy
the fairness with which an economy distributes its resources…
a society's way of coordinating the production and consumptio…
an economic system in which decisions about production and co…
an economic system in which decisions about production and co…
Economic equity
the fairness with which an economy distributes its resources…
Economic system
a society's way of coordinating the production and consumptio…
43 terms
Chapter 3: Earth's Environmental Systems
Matter
Atom
Element
Nucleus
all material in the universe that has mass and occupies space
basic unit of matter
chemical substance with given set of properties that cannot b…
central core of an atom
Matter
all material in the universe that has mass and occupies space
Atom
basic unit of matter
37 terms
Science Chapter 3 - BODY SYSTEMS
Arteries
Capillary
Valves
Veins
Vessels that carry blood away from your heart to other parts…
Smallest kind of blood vessel.
Flaps that act like doors to keep blood flowing in one direct…
Blood vessels that take blood from cells back to the heart.
Arteries
Vessels that carry blood away from your heart to other parts…
Capillary
Smallest kind of blood vessel.
Chapter 3 - Living Systems
Anus
Bile
Bolus
Cells
a sphincter muscle at the end of the digestive tract
a greenish liquid responsible for mechanical digestion of fats
food rolled into a ball by the tongue
the building blocks of all living things
Anus
a sphincter muscle at the end of the digestive tract
Bile
a greenish liquid responsible for mechanical digestion of fats
19 terms
Chapter 3 - Court Systems
litigate
mediator
arbitrator
court
to allow a court to resolve a dispute
an independent third-party who tries to develop a solution ac…
an independent third-party who holds a hearing to determine w…
governmental forum that administers justice under the law
litigate
to allow a court to resolve a dispute
mediator
an independent third-party who tries to develop a solution ac…
Chapter 3: Ecological Systems
Biosphere
Producer
Photosynthesis
Cellular respiration
The region of our planet where life resides, the combination…
An organism that uses the energy of the Sun to produce usable…
The process by which producers use solar energy to convert ca…
The process by which cells unlock the energy of chemical comp…
Biosphere
The region of our planet where life resides, the combination…
Producer
An organism that uses the energy of the Sun to produce usable…
Chapter 3 Animal Systems
cell
tissue
organ
organ system
...
...
...
...
cell
...
tissue
...
25 terms
Earth Systems chapter 3
Matter
Element
Nucleus
Proton
Is anything that has volume or mass
Is a substance that cannot be broken down into a simpler subs…
The center of an atom
A tiny partical that has a positive electrical charge
Matter
Is anything that has volume or mass
Element
Is a substance that cannot be broken down into a simpler subs…
40 terms
Chapter 3 (Organ Systems)
Skin
Integumentary function (4)
Integumentary (1)
Organ systems (11)
Largest and heaviest organ
Protects against invasion... Protects against mechanical injury…
Skin (stretchy)
Integumentary... Skeletal... Muscular... Nervous... Endocrine... Circulatory…
Skin
Largest and heaviest organ
Integumentary function (4)
Protects against invasion... Protects against mechanical injury…
Chapter 3 Human Systems
population
population distribution
demography
population density
total number of people in an area
the way the population is spread out over an area
the science that studies population distribution and change
the average number of people per square mile or square kilome…
population
total number of people in an area
population distribution
the way the population is spread out over an area
13 terms
Chapter 3 - Court Systems
transcript
appellate court
court of records
arbitrator
verbatim record of what went on at trial
reviews decisions of lower courts to determine if a significa…
accurate, detailed report of what went on at trial
independent third party who develops a binding and enforceabl…
transcript
verbatim record of what went on at trial
appellate court
reviews decisions of lower courts to determine if a significa…
19 terms
Human Systems Chapter 3
circulation
closed circulatory system
hormone
atrium
movement of blood through the body
organ system in which blood moves through vessels
chemical substance that regulates body function
upper chamber of the heart
circulation
movement of blood through the body
closed circulatory system
organ system in which blood moves through vessels
20 terms
Chapter 3: Systems of Equations
A system of equations with no solutions.
A system of equations with an infinite…
A system of equations with exactly one…
Two or more equations with the same va…
Inconsistent
Consistent and Dependent
Consistent and Independent
System of Equations
A system of equations with no solutions.
Inconsistent
A system of equations with an infinite…
Consistent and Dependent
The body systems (Chapter 3)
valves
veins
capillary
Arteries
Flaps that keep blood flowing in one direction
Blood vessels that take blood from cells back to the heart
The smallest kind of blood vessel that has very thin walls
Blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart to other p…
valves
Flaps that keep blood flowing in one direction
veins
Blood vessels that take blood from cells back to the heart
6 terms
Systems of Equations - Chapter 3
Inconsistent System
Consistent System
Dependent
Independent
A system with no solution; Parallel Lines
A system with at least one solution
Consistent system; Many solutions; Identical/same lines
Consistent system; Only one solution - lines intersect at one…
Inconsistent System
A system with no solution; Parallel Lines
Consistent System
A system with at least one solution
Information Systems Chapter 3
An organization's assets can include t…
What is IT and network infrastructure?
What is Intellectual property?
Finances and financial data?
IT and network infrastructure, intellectual property, finance…
Hardware, software, and services.
Sensitive data like patens, source code, formulas, or enginee…
Bank accounts, credit card data, and financial transaction da…
An organization's assets can include t…
IT and network infrastructure, intellectual property, finance…
What is IT and network infrastructure?
Hardware, software, and services.
32 terms
Solar System - Chapter 3
sun
sun spots
solar flares
Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter,…
the star that is at the center of our solar system
dark grey spots on the sun that are a cooler temperature
giant storms on the sun's surface
the nine planets in order from the sun
sun
the star that is at the center of our solar system
sun spots
dark grey spots on the sun that are a cooler temperature
35 terms
Chapter 3 organ systems
Arteries
capillary
veins
valves
are blood vessels that carry blood away from your heart to ot…
the smallest kind of blood vessels
are blood vessels that take blood from cells back to the heart
are flaps that act like doors to keep blood flowing in one di…
Arteries
are blood vessels that carry blood away from your heart to ot…
capillary
the smallest kind of blood vessels
20 terms
Chapter 3 Metric System
Measurement
International System of Measurement (SI)
Temperature
Significant Figures
Quantity that has both a number and a unit.
Metric System
Average Kinetic Energy
All known measurements and one more decimal place
Measurement
Quantity that has both a number and a unit.
International System of Measurement (SI)
Metric System
63 terms
Chapter 3- Nutrition and energy systems
Macronutrients
Micronutrients
Carbohydrates
Function of Carbohydrates
Nutrients your body needs in larger amounts to maintain healt…
Vitamins and minerals vital to development (Micro-vitamins, m…
Sugars, starches, and fibers found in fruits, grains, vegetab…
Act as primary metabolic fuel and energy stores
Macronutrients
Nutrients your body needs in larger amounts to maintain healt…
Micronutrients
Vitamins and minerals vital to development (Micro-vitamins, m…
Chapter 3 The Skeletal System
Cartilage
Crooked, bent, stiff
Joint
Rib
Chondr-
scoli/o-
arthr/o-
Cost-
Cartilage
Chondr-
Crooked, bent, stiff
scoli/o-
Systems Chapter 3
sequential circuits covered
banks of flip-flops contain
bistable element
simple bistable element
- simple bistable element... - SR Latch... - D Latch... -D Flip Flo…
state of the circuit
an element with two stable states - the fundamental building…
pair of cross-coupled inverters (stable!)
sequential circuits covered
- simple bistable element... - SR Latch... - D Latch... -D Flip Flo…
banks of flip-flops contain
state of the circuit
37 terms
Chapter 3: Info Systems
Attribute
Best Practices
Bit
Byte
each characteristic or quality describing a particular entity
most effective and efficient ways to to things
binary digit; that is, a 0 or a 1
group of 8 bits that represents a single character
Attribute
each characteristic or quality describing a particular entity
Best Practices
most effective and efficient ways to to things
Information Systems Chapter 3
Database
Data Hierarchy
Database Management Systems
Sequential Access File Structure
is a collection of related data that is stored in a central l…
is the structured and organization of data, which involves fi…
is software for creating, storing, maintaining, and accessing…
records in files are organized and processed in numerical or…
Database
is a collection of related data that is stored in a central l…
Data Hierarchy
is the structured and organization of data, which involves fi…
30 terms
History and Systems: Chapter 3
Sketicism
Pyrrho of Elis
Epicurus
Stoicism
Advocated for suspension of judgement and rejection of dogma.
Skeptic... Reliance on senses and customs.
Believed in free will. ... -Influenced by democritus... -The key to…
...
Sketicism
Advocated for suspension of judgement and rejection of dogma.
Pyrrho of Elis
Skeptic... Reliance on senses and customs.
40 terms
Banking Systems 2nd Ed. Chapter 3
Adverse feedback loop
Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC)
Balance of payments
Bank for International Settlements (BIS)
occurs when financial disruptions cause investment and consum…
21 members of APEC are referred to as "member economies." APE…
record of all the exchanges of goods and services that occur…
bank for central banks that serves only countries with a focu…
Adverse feedback loop
occurs when financial disruptions cause investment and consum…
Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC)
21 members of APEC are referred to as "member economies." APE…
26 terms
Systems Analysis-Chapter 3
Requirements Determination
Requirement
Functional Requirement
Non Functional Requirement
Purpose: to convert high level business requirements (from th…
A statement of what the system must do or a characteristic it…
relates directly to a process a system has to perform or info…
behavior properties that the system must have, such as perfor…
Requirements Determination
Purpose: to convert high level business requirements (from th…
Requirement
A statement of what the system must do or a characteristic it…
14 terms
Operating Systems Chapter 3
Process Control Block
Process States
Use of queues in process states
Process: Creation
- Contains the process elements... - Created and managed by OS…
- New... - Ready... - Blocked... - Running ... - Exit
...
Process Spawning... - Parent... - Child
Process Control Block
- Contains the process elements... - Created and managed by OS…
Process States
- New... - Ready... - Blocked... - Running ... - Exit
5 terms
Banking Systems Chapter 3
Money
Income
Currency
Wealth
Anything generally accepted in payment for goods or services…
Flow of earnings per unit of time.... - wages - salary - rent -…
Cash, coins, deposits in account ... (Foreign currency can have…
Currency, deposits, stocks, bonds, real-estate = Net Worth
Money
Anything generally accepted in payment for goods or services…
Income
Flow of earnings per unit of time.... - wages - salary - rent -…
Chapter 3: Living Systems
digestion
mechanical digestion
chemical digestion
anus
the process of breaking down food into a useable form and mak…
food is physically broken up into smaller pieces e.g.: chewing
food is broken down into simpler chemicals. e.g.: saliva brea…
a sphincter at the end of the digestive tract
digestion
the process of breaking down food into a useable form and mak…
mechanical digestion
food is physically broken up into smaller pieces e.g.: chewing
22 terms
Information Systems - Chapter 3
Databases
Data Warehouses
Data Marts
Business Intelligence (BI)
Store data generated by business apps, sensors, operations, a…
Integrate data from multiple databases and data silos, and or…
Small-scale data warehouses that support a single function or…
Tools and techniques process data and do statistical analysis…
Databases
Store data generated by business apps, sensors, operations, a…
Data Warehouses
Integrate data from multiple databases and data silos, and or…
Accounting Systems Chapter 3
Graphical user interface
User-Friendly Interface
User Interface Tools
Types of Financial Reports
user interface containing images and icons that help with nav…
streamlined, uncluttered design... effortless navigation and gui…
Icons... Command Buttons... Radio Buttons... Check Boxes... Text Boxes... Li…
profit and loss... balance sheet... statement of cash flows
Graphical user interface
user interface containing images and icons that help with nav…
User-Friendly Interface
streamlined, uncluttered design... effortless navigation and gui…
102 terms
Chapter 3. Science, Systems, Matter, and Energy
acid solution
alpha particle
atomic Number
Beta particle
any water solution that has more hydrogen ions (H_) than hydr…
Positively charged matter, consisting of two neutrons and two…
Number of protons in the nucleus of an atom. Compare mass num…
Swiftly moving electron emitted by the nucleus of a radioacti…
acid solution
any water solution that has more hydrogen ions (H_) than hydr…
alpha particle
Positively charged matter, consisting of two neutrons and two…
Chapter 3 Systems
Systems Theory Components
System process
4 Properties of the systems approach
Network Properties
Hierarchical, Ordering, Interdependence, Permeability
Input, throughput, output
Holism, Equifinality, Negative Entropy, Requisite Variety
Network content, network mode, level of analysis
Systems Theory Components
Hierarchical, Ordering, Interdependence, Permeability
System process
Input, throughput, output
19 terms
Introduction to Information Systems, Chapter 3; Rainer and Prince
accountability
code of ethics
digital dossier
electronic surveillance
A tenet of ethics that refers to determining who is responsib…
A collection of principles intended to guide decision making…
An electronic description of an individual and his or her hab…
Tracking people's activities with the aid of computers.
accountability
A tenet of ethics that refers to determining who is responsib…
code of ethics
A collection of principles intended to guide decision making…
Systems Analysis Chapter 3
Project manager
Project
Deliverable
Feasibility Study
A systems analyst with a diverse set of skills - management,…
Is a planned undertaking of a series of related activities to…
End product of an SDLC phase.
A study that determines if the proposed information system ma…
Project manager
A systems analyst with a diverse set of skills - management,…
Project
Is a planned undertaking of a series of related activities to…
25 terms
Chapter 3 Information Systems
Routines (Standard Operating Procedures)
Disruptive Technology
First Movers
Fast followers
Precise rules, procedures, and practices that have been devel…
Technology that brings about sweeping change to businesses, i…
Inventors of disruptive technologies
Firms with the size and resources to capitalize on that techn…
Routines (Standard Operating Procedures)
Precise rules, procedures, and practices that have been devel…
Disruptive Technology
Technology that brings about sweeping change to businesses, i…
25 terms
Chapter 3 The Circulatory System
atrium
ventricle
coronary circulation
pulmonary circulation
upper chamber of the heart
lower chambers of the heart
blood vessels that serve the heart
Circulation of blood between the heart and the lungs
atrium
upper chamber of the heart
ventricle
lower chambers of the heart
34 terms
Science Chapter 3 Human Body Systems
Digestion
Stomach
Pancreas
Small Intestine
Breaks down food into smaller and simpler substances that you…
A hollow bag with muscular walls. The wall of the stomach has…
Produces several digestive juices that help digest carbohydra…
A coiled, tubular organ that connects the stomach and the lar…
Digestion
Breaks down food into smaller and simpler substances that you…
Stomach
A hollow bag with muscular walls. The wall of the stomach has…
13 terms
History & Systems Chapter 3
Absolute threshold
Broca's area
Clinical method
Cranioscopy
Found by Fechner, "the point of sensitivity below which no se…
An area of the brain that controls speech, found by Broca usi…
One of three techniques to find out what a particular brain p…
Developed by Franz Josef Gall and later known as phrenology,…
Absolute threshold
Found by Fechner, "the point of sensitivity below which no se…
Broca's area
An area of the brain that controls speech, found by Broca usi…
Chapter 3 The Skeletal System
There are 15 phalanges in a human hand…
Nearly one fourth of all human bones c…
Babies are born with 300 bones, but by…
The largest bone in the human body is…
False. The human hand has 14 phalanges.
True
True
A. Femur
There are 15 phalanges in a human hand…
False. The human hand has 14 phalanges.
Nearly one fourth of all human bones c…
True
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