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Study sets matching "technology biology chapter 13 gene"

60 terms
Biology Chapter 13: Gene Technology
length polymorphisms
variable number tandem repeats (VNTR)
polymerase chain reaction (PCR)
Primers
variations in length of the DNA molecule between known genes
sequences can repeat a few or many times one behind another
technique that quickly produces many copies of a DNA fragment
artificially made pieces of single-stranded DNA that are 20-3…
length polymorphisms
variations in length of the DNA molecule between known genes
variable number tandem repeats (VNTR)
sequences can repeat a few or many times one behind another
60 terms
Biology Chapter 13: Gene Technology
length polymorphisms
variable number tandem repeats (VNTR)
polymerase chain reaction (PCR)
Primers
variations in length of the DNA molecule between known genes
sequences can repeat a few or many times one behind another
technique that quickly produces many copies of a DNA fragment
artificially made pieces of single-stranded DNA that are 20-3…
length polymorphisms
variations in length of the DNA molecule between known genes
variable number tandem repeats (VNTR)
sequences can repeat a few or many times one behind another
22 terms
Biology Chapter 13: Gene Technology
VNTR
Length polymorphisms
Restriction enzymes
Sticky ends
sequences of repeating nucleotides that can repeat a few or m…
Variations in the length of the DNA molecule between known ge…
Bacterial proteins that cut DNA at a specific sequence of nuc…
The end of a DNA molecule
VNTR
sequences of repeating nucleotides that can repeat a few or m…
Length polymorphisms
Variations in the length of the DNA molecule between known ge…
23 terms
Biology Chapter 13: Gene Technology - Vocab
length polymorphism
variable number tandem repeats (VNTR)
primer
restriction enzyme
-
-
a short, single-stranded fragment of DNA or RNA that is requi…
an enzyme that cuts double-stranded DNA into fragments by rec…
length polymorphism
-
variable number tandem repeats (VNTR)
-
24 terms
Chapter 13 - Gene Technology
Length polymorphism
variable number tandem repeats (VNTR)
Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)
primer
variations in length of the DNA molecule between known genes.
a repeating nucleotide sequence that can repeat a few or many…
a technique that quickly produces many copies of a DNA fragme…
a short- single stranded fragment of DNA or RNA that is requi…
Length polymorphism
variations in length of the DNA molecule between known genes.
variable number tandem repeats (VNTR)
a repeating nucleotide sequence that can repeat a few or many…
15 terms
Gene technology Chapter 13
restriction enzymes
gel electrophoresis
DNA fingerprint
genetic engineering
Enzyme that cuts DNA at a specific sequence of nucleotides
Procedure used to separate and analyze DNA fragments by placi…
Unique sequence of DNA base pairs that can be used to identif…
A technology that includes the process of manipulating or alt…
restriction enzymes
Enzyme that cuts DNA at a specific sequence of nucleotides
gel electrophoresis
Procedure used to separate and analyze DNA fragments by placi…
21 terms
Honors Biology I Chapter 13: Gene Technology
Inbreeding
Hybridization
Length Polymorphisms
Variable Number Tandem Repeats (VNTR)
Continued breeding of organisms with similar traits
Continued breeding of organisms with different traits
Variations in the length of the DNA molecule between genes
A repeating nucleotide sequence
Inbreeding
Continued breeding of organisms with similar traits
Hybridization
Continued breeding of organisms with different traits
Honors Biology Chapter 13: Gene Technology
Inbreeding
Hybridization
Length Polymorphisms
Variable Number Tandem Repeats (VNTR)
Continued breeding of organisms with similar traits
Continued breeding of organisms with different traits
Variations in the length of the DNA molecule between genes
A repeating nucleotide sequence
Inbreeding
Continued breeding of organisms with similar traits
Hybridization
Continued breeding of organisms with different traits
23 terms
Chapter 13 Gene Technology
Genetic engineering
DNA technology
Restriction enzyme
sticky end
Manipulation of DNA within the cells of plants and animals, t…
methods used to study and/or manipulate DNA, including recomb…
Enzyme that cuts DNA at a specific sequence of nucleotides
Single stranded ends of DNA left after cutting with enzymes
Genetic engineering
Manipulation of DNA within the cells of plants and animals, t…
DNA technology
methods used to study and/or manipulate DNA, including recomb…
24 terms
Chapter 13- Gene Technology
Length polymorphisms
Variable number tandem repeats (VNTR)
Polymerase chain reaction
Primers
Variations in the length of the DNA molecule between known ge…
Sequences that can repeat a few or many times in tandem
Is a technique that quickly produces many copies of a DNA fra…
Are artificially made pieces of single-stranded DNA that are…
Length polymorphisms
Variations in the length of the DNA molecule between known ge…
Variable number tandem repeats (VNTR)
Sequences that can repeat a few or many times in tandem
24 terms
Modern Biology Chapter 13: Gene Technology
cloning vector
DNA fingerprint a
DNA technology
donor gene
a carrier used to clone a gene and transfer it from one organ…
pattern of bands made up of specific fragments from an indivi…
technology involved in genetic engineering (239)
a specific gene that is isolated from another organism and sp…
cloning vector
a carrier used to clone a gene and transfer it from one organ…
DNA fingerprint a
pattern of bands made up of specific fragments from an indivi…
24 terms
Chapter 13 - Gene Technology
Length polymorphism
variable number tandem repeats (VNTR)
Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)
primer
variations in length of the DNA molecule between known genes.
a repeating nucleotide sequence that can repeat a few or many…
a technique that quickly produces many copies of a DNA fragme…
a short- single stranded fragment of DNA or RNA that is requi…
Length polymorphism
variations in length of the DNA molecule between known genes.
variable number tandem repeats (VNTR)
a repeating nucleotide sequence that can repeat a few or many…
12 terms
Chapter 13 Gene Technology
length polymorphisms
VNTR's
gene therapy
vectors
varying DNA lengths between genes usually made up of VNTR's
repeating nucleotide sequences
inserting a normal gene into a cell to correct the disorder.…
bacterial or yeast DNA that carry foreign DNA into a cell and…
length polymorphisms
varying DNA lengths between genes usually made up of VNTR's
VNTR's
repeating nucleotide sequences
29 terms
Chapter 13: Gene Technology
2 things that DNA technology can be us…
genome
non coding DNA
4 steps in DNA Identification
PRovide evidence in a criminal case and improve the quality o…
the complete collection of genes of a organism
regions of DNA that do not code for protein
1:copying DNA... 2:cutting DNA... 3:sorting DNA by size... 4:comparing…
2 things that DNA technology can be us…
PRovide evidence in a criminal case and improve the quality o…
genome
the complete collection of genes of a organism
21 terms
chapter 13: Gene Technology
polymorphisms
VNTR
PCR
primers
variations in the length of the Dna molecule
Sequences can repeat a few or many times in tandem
technique that quicly produces many copies of a DNA fragment
artifically made single-stranded peices of DNA and iniate rep…
polymorphisms
variations in the length of the Dna molecule
VNTR
Sequences can repeat a few or many times in tandem
32 terms
Chapter 13 - Gene Technology
Blunt Ends
Cloning
Clone
Gene Therpey
No recombinant DNA attached
Somatic Cell Nuclear Transfer - Goal is to alter the organism…
An organism that is an exact copy of the original organism
Isolate healthy functioning gene and insert it into a cloning…
Blunt Ends
No recombinant DNA attached
Cloning
Somatic Cell Nuclear Transfer - Goal is to alter the organism…
12 terms
Chapter 13 gene technology
Length polymorphism
Variable number tandem
Repeats (VNTR)
Human Genome Project
variation in the length of a DNA fragment produced by a speci…
location in a genome where a short nucleotide sequence is org…
a laboratory technique used to make multiple copies of a segm…
a global, long-term research effort to identify the estimated…
Length polymorphism
variation in the length of a DNA fragment produced by a speci…
Variable number tandem
location in a genome where a short nucleotide sequence is org…
24 terms
Chapter 13; Gene Technology
Length polymorphism
Variable number tandem repeats
Polymerase chain reaction
Primer
variations in the lengths of the DNA molecule between known g…
repeating nucleotide sequence that can be repeated a few or m…
technique that quickly produces many copies of a DNA fragment
are artificially made pieces of single-stranded DNA that are…
Length polymorphism
variations in the lengths of the DNA molecule between known g…
Variable number tandem repeats
repeating nucleotide sequence that can be repeated a few or m…
39 terms
chapter 13 - gene technology
biotechnology
genetic engineering
selective breeding
inbreeding
technology used to manipulate dna
techniques used to manipulate dna
makes plants or animals have more desirable traits (ex/ bigge…
breeding btwn closely related people
biotechnology
technology used to manipulate dna
genetic engineering
techniques used to manipulate dna
28 terms
Chapter 13-Gene Technology
ecology
interdependence
ecological model
biosphere
the study of the interactions between organisms and the other…
the dependence of every organism on its connections with othe…
a model that represents or describes the relationships betwee…
the part of Earth where life exists; includes all of the livi…
ecology
the study of the interactions between organisms and the other…
interdependence
the dependence of every organism on its connections with othe…
24 terms
Chapter 13: GENE TECHNOLOGY
length polymorphism
variable number tandem repeats (VNTR)
polymerase chain reaction (PCR)
primer
variations in the length of the DNA molecule between known ge…
The number of tandem repeats at specific places (loci) in DNA…
A technique that quickly produces many copies of DNA fragment
Artificially made pieces of single-stranded DNA that are 20 t…
length polymorphism
variations in the length of the DNA molecule between known ge…
variable number tandem repeats (VNTR)
The number of tandem repeats at specific places (loci) in DNA…
24 terms
Chapter 13 Gene Technology
length polymorphisms
variable number tandem repeats (VNTR)
polymerase chain reaction (PCR)
primer
variations in the length of the DNA molecule between known ge…
short, repeating sequences of DNA that repeat a few or many t…
technique that quickly produces many copies of a DNA fragment
artificially made pieces of single-stranded DNA that are 20 t…
length polymorphisms
variations in the length of the DNA molecule between known ge…
variable number tandem repeats (VNTR)
short, repeating sequences of DNA that repeat a few or many t…
21 terms
Chapter 13 Gene Technology
length polymorphism
variable number tandem repeats
polymerase chain reaction
primers
variations in the length of the DNA molecule between known ge…
sequences that repeat in tandem.
technique that quickly produces many copies of DN fragment
artificially made peices of single stranded DNA that are 20-3…
length polymorphism
variations in the length of the DNA molecule between known ge…
variable number tandem repeats
sequences that repeat in tandem.
24 terms
Chapter 13: Gene Technology
length polymorphism
variable number tandem repeats (VNTR)
polymerase chain reaction (PCR)
primer
variations in the length of the DNA molecule between known ge…
short, repeating sequences of DNA... Ex: CACACACA
a technique that quickly produces many copies of a DNA fragment
a short, single-stranded fragment of DNA or RNA that is requi…
length polymorphism
variations in the length of the DNA molecule between known ge…
variable number tandem repeats (VNTR)
short, repeating sequences of DNA... Ex: CACACACA
29 terms
Chapter 13: Gene Technology
Variable Number Tandem Repeats (VNTR)
Four Steps of DNA Identification
Polymerase Chain Reaction
Restriction Enzymes
short repeating sequences of DNA that repeat in tandem
1. Isolate and Copy DNA... 2. Cut DNA into smaller fragments... 3.…
To identify a DNA sample, scientists isolate the DNA and copy…
Recognize and cut specific nucleotide sequences
Variable Number Tandem Repeats (VNTR)
short repeating sequences of DNA that repeat in tandem
Four Steps of DNA Identification
1. Isolate and Copy DNA... 2. Cut DNA into smaller fragments... 3.…
25 terms
Chapter 13: Gene Technology
Polymorphisms
VNTR
polymerase chain reaction
restriction enzyme
variations in the length of the DNA molecule between genes (o…
variable number tandem repeats
lab technique that copies DNA fragments
bacterial proteins that recognize a specific sequence of DNA…
Polymorphisms
variations in the length of the DNA molecule between genes (o…
VNTR
variable number tandem repeats
Chapter 13 Gene Technology
Clone
Gel Electrophoresis
Genetic Engineering
Plasmid
an organism that is produced by asexual reproduction and that…
a technique used to separate and nucleic acids or proteins ac…
a technology in which the genome of a living cell is modified…
a circular DNA molecule that is usually found in bacteria and…
Clone
an organism that is produced by asexual reproduction and that…
Gel Electrophoresis
a technique used to separate and nucleic acids or proteins ac…
15 terms
Chapter 13 Gene Technology
Bioethics
Bioinformatics
Clone
DNA Fingerprint
The study of ethical issues related to DNA technology.
A technology that combines biological science, computer scien…
An organism that is produced by asexual reproduction and that…
The pattern of bands that results when an individual's DNA sa…
Bioethics
The study of ethical issues related to DNA technology.
Bioinformatics
A technology that combines biological science, computer scien…
30 terms
Chapter 13 gene technology
Selective breeding
Hybridization
Between hybridization, selective breed…
What is the main function of gel elect…
Process by which desired traits of certain plants and animals…
Production of hybrids
Inbreeding -increases the chance harmful recessive traits bei…
Gel electrophoresis uses uses an electric current to separate…
Selective breeding
Process by which desired traits of certain plants and animals…
Hybridization
Production of hybrids
26 terms
Chapter 13: Gene Technology
What is the percent variation of DNA b…
How much of our genetic makeup codes f…
What are the regions of DNA that do no…
What are length polymorphisms ?
0.10 %
2%
noncoding DNA
variations in the length of the DNA molecule between known ge…
What is the percent variation of DNA b…
0.10 %
How much of our genetic makeup codes f…
2%
37 terms
Chapter 13-Gene Technology
selective breeding
Inbreeding
Hybridization
What percent of the human genome varies?
breeding to make a certain way
continued breeding with similar traits to have offspring with…
Continued breeding of organisms with different traits to brin…
.1%
selective breeding
breeding to make a certain way
Inbreeding
continued breeding with similar traits to have offspring with…
28 terms
bio chapter 13: gene technology
length polymorphisms
variable number tandem repeats
polymerase chain reaction
template
Variations in the length of the DNA molecule between known ge…
sequences of repeating nucleotides that can repeat a few or m…
a technique that quickly produces many copies of DNA fragment
dna fragment contaning the sequence the scientist wants to co…
length polymorphisms
Variations in the length of the DNA molecule between known ge…
variable number tandem repeats
sequences of repeating nucleotides that can repeat a few or m…
30 terms
Bio chapter 13: gene technology
Inbreeding
Hybridization
Length polymorphism
VNTR
Same pool gene (brother and sister mate)... Advantage: good trai…
Different gene pool... Advantage: more diversity -bad traits les…
Variations in length of DNA molecule between known genes
"Variable number tandem repeats" can repeat few or many times…
Inbreeding
Same pool gene (brother and sister mate)... Advantage: good trai…
Hybridization
Different gene pool... Advantage: more diversity -bad traits les…
19 terms
Chapter 13: Gene Technology Vocabulary
length polymorphism
variable number tandem repeats
polymerase chain reaction
primer
variations in the length of the DNA molecule between known ge…
a nucleotide sequence that can that can repeat a few or many…
technique that produces many copies of DNA fragments
artificially made pieces of single-stranded DNA that are 20-3…
length polymorphism
variations in the length of the DNA molecule between known ge…
variable number tandem repeats
a nucleotide sequence that can that can repeat a few or many…
24 terms
Chapter 13 Gene Technology Vocabulary
Length polymorphism
variable number tandem repeats (VNTR)
Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)
primer
variations in length of the DNA molecule between known genes.
a repeating nucleotide sequence that can repeat a few or many…
a technique that quickly produces many copies of a DNA fragme…
a short- single stranded fragment of DNA or RNA that is requi…
Length polymorphism
variations in length of the DNA molecule between known genes.
variable number tandem repeats (VNTR)
a repeating nucleotide sequence that can repeat a few or many…
24 terms
Chapter 13 Gene technology vocab
Length polymorphism
Variable number tandem repeats (VNTR)
Polymerase chain reaction (PCR)
Primer
Variations in the length of the DNA molecule between known ge…
A repeating nucleotide sequence
A technique that quickly produces many copies of a DNA fragment
Artificially made pieces of single-stranded DNA that are 20 t…
Length polymorphism
Variations in the length of the DNA molecule between known ge…
Variable number tandem repeats (VNTR)
A repeating nucleotide sequence
Biology, Chapter 13.2, DNA Technology
genetic engineering
genome
restriction enzyme
gel electrophoresis
technology that involves manipulating the DNA of one organism…
the total DNA present in the nucleus of each cell
proteins that recognize and bind to specific DNA sequences an…
an electric current used to separate DNA fragments according…
genetic engineering
technology that involves manipulating the DNA of one organism…
genome
the total DNA present in the nucleus of each cell
108 terms
Chapter 13 Test- gene technology
everyone is ____% the same
how much of the human genome varies fr…
what percent of DNA is coding
coding DNA is known as
99.9
.1%
less than 2%
exons
everyone is ____% the same
99.9
how much of the human genome varies fr…
.1%
19 terms
Chapter 13 Gene Technology Study Guide
Define selective breeding
Define hybridization
Between hybridization, selective breed…
What is the main function of gel elect…
process by which desired traits of certain plants and animals…
The production of hybrids.
Inbreeding-increases the chance of harmful recessive traits b…
Gel Electrophoresis uses an electric current to separate DNA…
Define selective breeding
process by which desired traits of certain plants and animals…
Define hybridization
The production of hybrids.
13 terms
Ch 13 Gene Technology
Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)
Primer
Restriction Enzymes
Gel Electrophoresis
A technique used to quickly make many copies of a DNA fragment
Artificially made pieces of a single stranded DNA (20-30 nucl…
Bacterial enzymes that cut DNA at specific sequences ("Chemic…
Process used to make a DNA fingerprints; seperates nucleic ac…
Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)
A technique used to quickly make many copies of a DNA fragment
Primer
Artificially made pieces of a single stranded DNA (20-30 nucl…
58 terms
chapter 13 - gene technology + Click and Clone packet
biotechnology
genetic engineering
selective breeding
inbreeding
technology used to manipulate dna
techniques used to manipulate dna
makes plants or animals have more desirable traits (ex/ bigge…
breeding btwn closely related people
biotechnology
technology used to manipulate dna
genetic engineering
techniques used to manipulate dna
25 terms
Chapter 13 Quiz: Gene Technology and Genetic Engineering
We are all __% genetically identical.
How many nucleotides do we have?
What percent of our nucleotides don't…
What is that 98% of DNA called?
99
3.3 billion
98%
noncoding DNA
We are all __% genetically identical.
99
How many nucleotides do we have?
3.3 billion
24 terms
SSFC Biology Gene Technology
Restriction endonuclease
Palindromic recognition site
DNA ligase
Sticky ends
Enzyme that cuts DNA molecules at a specific sequence of bases.
The specific sequence of bases where a restriction enzyme wil…
Enzyme which joins sections of DNA together, catalysing conde…
When a restriction endonuclease cuts DNA and leaves unpaired…
Restriction endonuclease
Enzyme that cuts DNA molecules at a specific sequence of bases.
Palindromic recognition site
The specific sequence of bases where a restriction enzyme wil…
27 terms
Biology Chapter 13 - Gene Regulation
Gene regulation
Gene regulation most commonly occurs a…
What do we mean by a gene is turned on?
What do we mean by a gene is turned off?
the ability of cells to control the expression of their genes
transcription
high rate of transcription
low rate of transcription
Gene regulation
the ability of cells to control the expression of their genes
Gene regulation most commonly occurs a…
transcription
20 terms
Chapter 12 Gene/Chromosomal and Chapter 13 gene technology
What is the goal of the Human Genome P…
How many chromosomes do human have ?
What are the uses of DNA Fingerprinting?
How do small fragments of DNA travel d…
To determine the sequence of the approximately three billion…
46
Identifies gene that causes generic disorder ... Identifies susp…
Farther and faster
What is the goal of the Human Genome P…
To determine the sequence of the approximately three billion…
How many chromosomes do human have ?
46
78 terms
Cell Biology Chapter 13 Gene Structure and Expression
What did Garrod do?
What did beadle and Tatum do?
What was Beadle and Tatum's hypothesis…
What happened overall in beadle and ta…
studied alkaptonuria disease... - metabolic disorder... - produc…
studied orange bread mould. ... -mould grows on minimal media... -u…
Each mutant had defective gene for enzyme needed to synthesiz…
they found out that each step is controlled by a gene that en…
What did Garrod do?
studied alkaptonuria disease... - metabolic disorder... - produc…
What did beadle and Tatum do?
studied orange bread mould. ... -mould grows on minimal media... -u…
10 terms
biology chapter 13: dna technology
Genetic engineering
dna technology
restriction enzymes
cloning vector
the application of molecular genetics for practical purposes
the technology involved in genetic engineering
bacterial enzymes that cut dna molecules into more manageable…
carrier that is used to clone a gene and transfer it from one…
Genetic engineering
the application of molecular genetics for practical purposes
dna technology
the technology involved in genetic engineering
26 terms
Biology-Chapter 13 & 14 Structure of DNA AND Genes in Action
Mutation
nondisjunction
polyploidy
transcription factors
a change of structure or amount of genetic material of an org…
a failure of homologous chromosomes to separate during meiosi…
an abnormal condition of having more than 2 sets of chromosomes
an enzyme that is needed to begin and/or continue genetic tra…
Mutation
a change of structure or amount of genetic material of an org…
nondisjunction
a failure of homologous chromosomes to separate during meiosi…
12 terms
Chapter 11 Biology (Gene Technology)
genetic engineering
recombinant DNA
restriction enzyme
vector
A technology in which the genome of a living cell is modified…
DNA molecules that are artificially created by combining DNA…
An enzyme that destroys foreign DNA molecules by cutting them…
In Biology, any agent, such as plasmid or a virus that can in…
genetic engineering
A technology in which the genome of a living cell is modified…
recombinant DNA
DNA molecules that are artificially created by combining DNA…
32 terms
Bio Ch 13 : Gene Technology
bioethics
bioinformatics
clone
cloning by nuclear transfer
The study of the ethical issues related to DNA technology.
A technology that combines biological science, computer scien…
An organism that is produced by asexual reproduction and that…
The introduction of the nucleus of a somatic cell into an egg…
bioethics
The study of the ethical issues related to DNA technology.
bioinformatics
A technology that combines biological science, computer scien…
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