Study sets matching "technology biology"

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Study sets matching "technology biology"

Biology: Genetic Technology
some important notes
copying and sequencing DNA: *polymeras…
DNA fingerprinting
gel electrophoresis
1. in prokaryotes, transcription and translation occur simult…
- method of amplifying (that is, rapidly copying) DNA in a la…
- used to prove or disprove identity based on an individual's…
- used to determine the exact nucleotide sequence of a strand…
some important notes
1. in prokaryotes, transcription and translation occur simult…
copying and sequencing DNA: *polymeras…
- method of amplifying (that is, rapidly copying) DNA in a la…
8 terms
DNA Technology Practice for Biology
genetic engineering
applications of genetic engineering
DNA Fingerprinting
Applicatons of DNA Fingerprinting
The process of taking a piece of... DNA from one organism and... in…
increasing crop... production, facilitating waste... management, an…
The process of identifying... individuals based upon the... unique…
analysis of biological... evidence left behind at a crime... scene…
genetic engineering
The process of taking a piece of... DNA from one organism and... in…
applications of genetic engineering
increasing crop... production, facilitating waste... management, an…
Biology- Technology
Electrophoresis gels are DNA
What are the uses of electrophoresis gel
DNA sample is extracted from the what…
PCR (polymerase chain reaction) is use…
fingerprints
A. identifying a murderer or a rapist ... B. determining who the…
Nucleus
Duplicate
Electrophoresis gels are DNA
fingerprints
What are the uses of electrophoresis gel
A. identifying a murderer or a rapist ... B. determining who the…
Biology - Technologies
Human Genome Project
Autoradiography ( The Cairns Technique)
Recombinant DNA... (Genetic Modification)
Restriction Enzyme ... (Endonuclease)
An international initiative that resulted in the identificati…
A method of radioactively 'tagging' so that it can be traced…
A technology that allows for the insertion/splicing of foreig…
An enzyme that allows you to cut open a molecule of DNA
Human Genome Project
An international initiative that resulted in the identificati…
Autoradiography ( The Cairns Technique)
A method of radioactively 'tagging' so that it can be traced…
24 terms
SSFC Biology Gene Technology
Restriction endonuclease
Palindromic recognition site
DNA ligase
Sticky ends
Enzyme that cuts DNA molecules at a specific sequence of bases.
The specific sequence of bases where a restriction enzyme wil…
Enzyme which joins sections of DNA together, catalysing conde…
When a restriction endonuclease cuts DNA and leaves unpaired…
Restriction endonuclease
Enzyme that cuts DNA molecules at a specific sequence of bases.
Palindromic recognition site
The specific sequence of bases where a restriction enzyme wil…
11 terms
Biology: DNA Technology
Restriction Enzymes
Gel Electrophoresis
Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)
DNA Fingerprinting
-Cuts out damaged DNA at specific places... -Each recognizes a d…
-A way to see and analyze fragments of DNA... -DNA is negatively…
-Most common way to test the presence of a gene in a tissue/c…
-Uses PCR and Gel Electrophoresis to examine DNA... -Use PCR to…
Restriction Enzymes
-Cuts out damaged DNA at specific places... -Each recognizes a d…
Gel Electrophoresis
-A way to see and analyze fragments of DNA... -DNA is negatively…
Biology- DNA Technology
genetic engineering
biotechnology
recombinant DNA
gene cloning
the process of manipulating genes and genomes
the process of manipulating organisms and their components fo…
DNA that has been artificially made using DNA from different…
scienctist produce significant sampels of specific segement o…
genetic engineering
the process of manipulating genes and genomes
biotechnology
the process of manipulating organisms and their components fo…
30 terms
DNA biology and technology
DNA
Nucleotide
base pairing rules
replication
polymer of nucleotides
pentose sugar (deoxyribose)... phosphate group... nitrogenous base
A=T... C=G
double helix unwinds, new bases pair up, stitched together... oc…
DNA
polymer of nucleotides
Nucleotide
pentose sugar (deoxyribose)... phosphate group... nitrogenous base
16 terms
AP Biology DNA Technology and Genomics
recombinant DNA
biotechnology
gene cloning
restriction enzyme
A DNA molecule made in vitro with segments from different sou…
The manipulation of living organisms or their components to p…
The production of multiple copies of a gene.
A degradative enzyme that recognizes and cuts up DNA (includi…
recombinant DNA
A DNA molecule made in vitro with segments from different sou…
biotechnology
The manipulation of living organisms or their components to p…
19 terms
Biology- DNA Technology
genetic engineering
biotechnology
recombinant DNA
gene cloning
the process of manipulating genes and genomes
the process of manipulating organisms and their components fo…
DNA that has been artificially made using DNA from different…
scienctist produce significant sampels of specific segement o…
genetic engineering
the process of manipulating genes and genomes
biotechnology
the process of manipulating organisms and their components fo…
7 terms
biology: genetic technology
biotechnology
genetic engineering
human genome mapping project
transgenic
A form of technology that uses living organisms, usually gene…
manipulation of genes which effect changes in the DNA molecul…
identify all the genes, sequence of 3 billion base pairs
transfer of genes from one species to another
biotechnology
A form of technology that uses living organisms, usually gene…
genetic engineering
manipulation of genes which effect changes in the DNA molecul…
Advanced Biology DNA Technology
Genetic Engineering
restriction enzymes
EcoR
CTTAAG
the alteration of the DNA of an organism to produce individua…
enzymes first discovered in bacteria that cut the DNA at spec…
the restriction enzyme that cuts the DNA into fragments
the DNA sequence in which it is cut
Genetic Engineering
the alteration of the DNA of an organism to produce individua…
restriction enzymes
enzymes first discovered in bacteria that cut the DNA at spec…
21 terms
Biology 2 - DNA technology
DNA technology
Tools
Chop - Restriction Enzymes
Amplify - PCR
any technology that allows us to analyze and/or manipulate DN…
chop, amplify, insert, identify
cut DNA at specific sequences (ex. defense mechanism by bacte…
polymerase chain reaction: a powerful tool that allows resear…
DNA technology
any technology that allows us to analyze and/or manipulate DN…
Tools
chop, amplify, insert, identify
Biology: DNA Technology Terms
transformation
transduction
conjugation
recombinant DNA
the taking up of DNA from fluid surrounding a cell. Griffith'…
the transfer of bacterial genes by a phage.
the transfer of DNA through a mating bridge from a male femal…
a strand of DNA formed by the splicing of DNA from two differ…
transformation
the taking up of DNA from fluid surrounding a cell. Griffith'…
transduction
the transfer of bacterial genes by a phage.
15 terms
Biology DNA technology
Artifical Breeding
Restriction Enzymes
Genetically Modified Organism
Plasmids
new breeds of animals & new crop plants to improve our food
used by bacteria to cup up DNA of attacking viruses which lea…
protects crops from insects
ways to get genes into bacteria easily
Artifical Breeding
new breeds of animals & new crop plants to improve our food
Restriction Enzymes
used by bacteria to cup up DNA of attacking viruses which lea…
7 terms
Biology - DNA Technology
Selective breeding
Genetic engineering
Transgenic engineering
Gel electrophoresis
When man chooses specific organisms to beeed to get desired o…
Man chooses how to alter an organism's DNA
Any organism that has a gene from another organism within it
Seperates pieces of nucleic acids by size, Dna fingerprint, p…
Selective breeding
When man chooses specific organisms to beeed to get desired o…
Genetic engineering
Man chooses how to alter an organism's DNA
29 terms
marine biology technology
side scan sonar
bathysphere
secchi disk
clamshelldredge
towed behind a ship and gives a wide profile used to find thi…
thick walled metal sphere lowered on a cable
measure visibility dependent on clarity
collects bottom samples
side scan sonar
towed behind a ship and gives a wide profile used to find thi…
bathysphere
thick walled metal sphere lowered on a cable
15 terms
Biology: DNA and Technology
clone
codon
DNA fingerprint
gene therapy
genetically identical copy of a single gene or an entire orga…
sequence of three nucleotides that codes for one anime acid
unique sequence of DNA base pairs that can be used to identif…
procedure to treat a disease in which a defective or missing…
clone
genetically identical copy of a single gene or an entire orga…
codon
sequence of three nucleotides that codes for one anime acid
35 terms
Biology modern DNA technology
Types of controlled breeding
Mass selection
Inbreeding
Hybridization
Mass selection, inbreeding, hybridization
Choosing a few indv. To act as parents for a bigger pool of i…
Maintaining or intensifying desirable traits
Two diff. but related species are breeded- makes hybrids
Types of controlled breeding
Mass selection, inbreeding, hybridization
Mass selection
Choosing a few indv. To act as parents for a bigger pool of i…
Molecular Biology & Genetic Technology
gel electrophoresis
Antiparallel
DNA Replication
mRNA
technique used to separate DNA according to size. DNA moves f…
Having two strands that run parallel to each other, but one i…
Occurs in nucleus during interphase. Each of the 2 strands of…
Messenger RNA. Serves as messenger from DNA to ribosome.
gel electrophoresis
technique used to separate DNA according to size. DNA moves f…
Antiparallel
Having two strands that run parallel to each other, but one i…
Biology 2003 - Genetic Technology
Recombinant DNA strategy
Restriction Endonucleases
DNA ligase
Essence of recombinant DNA technology
Cloning the human gene, introducing the gene into bacteria, h…
bacterial enzymes that cut DNA at specific base sequences cal…
Seals the recombinant pieces of DNA together and forms the ph…
The ability to create novel combinations of DNA by cutting sp…
Recombinant DNA strategy
Cloning the human gene, introducing the gene into bacteria, h…
Restriction Endonucleases
bacterial enzymes that cut DNA at specific base sequences cal…
DNA biology and technology
Mendel (1850'2)
Miescher (1870's)
fred griffith (1928)
who discovered the transforming princi…
pea plants hereditary expirement
dna made of nucleotides, saw from pus covered bandages
experiments with mice and two different strains of bacterium:…
fred griffith
Mendel (1850'2)
pea plants hereditary expirement
Miescher (1870's)
dna made of nucleotides, saw from pus covered bandages
29 terms
DNA Biology and Technology
Nucleotide
nitrogenous bases
coding DNA
non-coding DNA
-human genome is made of 3 billion... - made of a sugar (deoxyri…
adenine... thymine... cytosine... guanine
DNA that encodes for proteins (less than 2% of the genome)
rest of genome made of repetitive sequences of nucleotides at…
Nucleotide
-human genome is made of 3 billion... - made of a sugar (deoxyri…
nitrogenous bases
adenine... thymine... cytosine... guanine
Biology Tools And Technology
Light Microscope
Scanning electron Microscope
Transmission Electron Microscope (TEM)
X-Ray
Uses light to magnify specimens, specimens can be alive
Uses beams of electrons instead of light to magnify objects
Makes a two dimensional image similar to that of a light micr…
Formed by x-rays which pass through soft tissues such as skin
Light Microscope
Uses light to magnify specimens, specimens can be alive
Scanning electron Microscope
Uses beams of electrons instead of light to magnify objects
22 terms
22 - DNA Biology and Technology
central dogma of biology
DNA structure and nucleotides
replication
RNA structure
DNA -> transcription -> RNA -> translated -> proteins
polymer of nucleotides - pentose sugar is deoxyribose, phosph…
semiconservative - double helix unwinds, new bases pair up an…
pentose sugar is ribose, nucleotides (U replaces T), single s…
central dogma of biology
DNA -> transcription -> RNA -> translated -> proteins
DNA structure and nucleotides
polymer of nucleotides - pentose sugar is deoxyribose, phosph…
12 terms
Biology - Ch 13: Genetic Technology
inbreeding
test cross
clone
genetic engineering
mating between closely related individuals; ensures that offs…
mating of an individual of unknown genotypes with an individu…
genetically identical copies of an organism or gene.
method of cutting DNA from one organism and inserting the DNA…
inbreeding
mating between closely related individuals; ensures that offs…
test cross
mating of an individual of unknown genotypes with an individu…
marine biology technology test
scuba diving
trawling
aquarius underwater laboratory
acoustic doppler current profiler
allows breathing underwater and exploration
drags along the ocean floor and catches fish
allows scientists to be in a marine environment for extended…
measures ocean currents
scuba diving
allows breathing underwater and exploration
trawling
drags along the ocean floor and catches fish
Biology-DNA technology(Bacteria)
What are two reasons why bacteria are…
What can some bacteria due to withstan…
Why do new mutations increase genetic…
What are three ways in which bacteria…
1. short generation time... 2. simple genome(one chromosome)
endospores which surrounds the chromosomes with a tough multi…
because they have short generation time and large population
1.transformation... 2.Transduction... 3.conjugation
What are two reasons why bacteria are…
1. short generation time... 2. simple genome(one chromosome)
What can some bacteria due to withstan…
endospores which surrounds the chromosomes with a tough multi…
Biology- Genetic Technology
Cloning
Differentiated
DNA ligase
Sticky ends
Creation of genetically identical organism through artificial…
Cells that are specialized and have specific job/function; on…
Seals gaps in the DNA; often used in recombinant DNA
Unpaired sections of DNA that will match other sections cut w…
Cloning
Creation of genetically identical organism through artificial…
Differentiated
Cells that are specialized and have specific job/function; on…
DNA Biology and Technology
Functions of DNA
Watson and Crick
Deoxyribose sugar-phosphate molecules
Hydrogen bonds
Stores genetic information; undergoes mutation which produces…
Built a model of DNA as a double helix
On the outside of DNA that form the supporting backbone of ea…
connects bases and are ladder like structures within each str…
Functions of DNA
Stores genetic information; undergoes mutation which produces…
Watson and Crick
Built a model of DNA as a double helix
DNA Technology- biology 101
define dna technology
nucleic acid hybridization
genetic engrineering
DNA sequencing
techniques to sequence and manipulate DNA... -involve nucleic ac…
base pairing one strand of DNA to complementary strand
direct manipulation of genes for practical purposes
1. uses complementary base pairing- if you know template pair…
define dna technology
techniques to sequence and manipulate DNA... -involve nucleic ac…
nucleic acid hybridization
base pairing one strand of DNA to complementary strand
DNA biology and technology
central dogma of molecular biology
DNA structure
DNA replication
enzymes for replication
exceptions:... 1)retroviruses: RNA-> DNA e.g. HIV... 2) nRNA and tR…
double helix made up of nucleotide subunits... -nucleotides made…
copying of DNA strands... template: original DNA strand to be co…
helicase: unwinds parental DNA helix... DNA polymerase: adds nuc…
central dogma of molecular biology
exceptions:... 1)retroviruses: RNA-> DNA e.g. HIV... 2) nRNA and tR…
DNA structure
double helix made up of nucleotide subunits... -nucleotides made…
Biology Unit 7: DNA Technology
Karyotype
Chorionic Villus Sampling
Amniocentesis
Deoxyribonucleic acid, DNA
A showing of all the chromosomes an organism has. They are or…
Taking cells from the chorionic villi (the little thing that…
Taking cells from the amniotic fluid surrounding the baby in…
A nucleic acid that contains the genetic information necessar…
Karyotype
A showing of all the chromosomes an organism has. They are or…
Chorionic Villus Sampling
Taking cells from the chorionic villi (the little thing that…
35 terms
Biology DNA technology and Society
Plasmids
Recombinant DNA
Bacteria
Restriction enzyme
Used to customize bacteria. Are extra rings of DNA oustide ba…
Plasmids that have desired genes in them
Used as copy machines(clone genes), as factories(make protein…
Cut DNA at specific sequences into fragments. 4-6 Bp's long.…
Plasmids
Used to customize bacteria. Are extra rings of DNA oustide ba…
Recombinant DNA
Plasmids that have desired genes in them
Biology, Chapter 13.2, DNA Technology
genetic engineering
genome
restriction enzyme
gel electrophoresis
technology that involves manipulating the DNA of one organism…
the total DNA present in the nucleus of each cell
proteins that recognize and bind to specific DNA sequences an…
an electric current used to separate DNA fragments according…
genetic engineering
technology that involves manipulating the DNA of one organism…
genome
the total DNA present in the nucleus of each cell
17 terms
DNA Biology and Technology
Describe central dogma
What are exceptions to central dogma?
DNA Structure
Nucleotides are made up of 3 parts. Wh…
Retroviruses (HIV) and rRNA/tRNA
DNA is a double helix made up of nucleotide subunits
1) phosphate group (P)... 2) deoxyribose sugar (S)... 3) N base (A,…
Describe central dogma
What are exceptions to central dogma?
Retroviruses (HIV) and rRNA/tRNA
H Biology DNA technology
What is DNA technology/genetic enginee…
What is rDNA?
What is a vector?
Inbreeding
process of changing one's genetic makeup
recombinant DNA
deliverer of needed gene (plasmid)
breeding of those with similar characteristics
What is DNA technology/genetic enginee…
process of changing one's genetic makeup
What is rDNA?
recombinant DNA
19 terms
Biology DNA technology
Recombinant DNA and how do we use it i…
What is a restriction enzyme and why i…
Describe the steps used to make recomb…
What is the process of gel electrophor…
This happens when DNA pieces from 2 different organisms join…
They are used by genetic engineers to cut segments of DNA. It…
1. Genes or pieces of DNA are taken from one organism and tra…
DNA is cut into fragments and placed into a gel... The electric…
Recombinant DNA and how do we use it i…
This happens when DNA pieces from 2 different organisms join…
What is a restriction enzyme and why i…
They are used by genetic engineers to cut segments of DNA. It…
11 terms
Biology: DNA technology
What is Recombinant DNA technology?
What is it called when an organism tha…
Biotechnology:
What are the workhorses of modern biot…
a set of techniques for combining genes from different source…
genetically modified (GM) organism
uses various organisms to perform practical tasks
bacteria
What is Recombinant DNA technology?
a set of techniques for combining genes from different source…
What is it called when an organism tha…
genetically modified (GM) organism
Biology - DNA Technology
What is a restriction enzyme?
What is a transgenic?
What is cloning?
What is recombinant DNA?
enzyme that cuts DNA molecules at specific nucleotide sequences
an organism whose genome has been altered to contain one or m…
genetic engineering creating identical copies or by nature
genetically engineered DNA that contains gene from more than…
What is a restriction enzyme?
enzyme that cuts DNA molecules at specific nucleotide sequences
What is a transgenic?
an organism whose genome has been altered to contain one or m…
20 terms
Biology DNA Technology
genomic library
reverse transcriptase
plasmid
restriction enzymes
A genomic library is a collection of the total genomic DNA fr…
an enzyme used to generate complementary DNA from an RNA temp…
a genetic structure in a cell that can replicate independentl…
cut a DNA molecule at a particular place. They are essential…
genomic library
A genomic library is a collection of the total genomic DNA fr…
reverse transcriptase
an enzyme used to generate complementary DNA from an RNA temp…
18 terms
DNA Biology and Technology
What is DNA made up of?
What is in each nucleotide?
What are the 4 nitrogenous bases in DNA?
What are the DNA base pairings?
It's a polymer of nucleotides
Pentose sugar (deoxyribose), phosphate group, and nitrogenous…
Adenine, Cytosine, Guanine, Thymine
A-T, C-G
What is DNA made up of?
It's a polymer of nucleotides
What is in each nucleotide?
Pentose sugar (deoxyribose), phosphate group, and nitrogenous…
44 terms
DNA Biology and Technology
Anticodon
biotechnology
cloning
codon
Three-base sequence in a transfer RNA molecule that pairs wit…
Term that encompasses genetic engineering and other technique…
Production of identical copies. In organisms, the production…
Three-base pair of messenger RNA that causes the insertion of…
Anticodon
Three-base sequence in a transfer RNA molecule that pairs wit…
biotechnology
Term that encompasses genetic engineering and other technique…
Biology: DNA Technology Terms
biotechnology
DNA technology
recombinant DNA
genetic engineering
the manipulation of organisms or their components to make pro…
modern laboratory techniques for studying and manipulating ge…
a combination of DNA from two different sources to form a sin…
the direct manipulation of genes for practical purposes.
biotechnology
the manipulation of organisms or their components to make pro…
DNA technology
modern laboratory techniques for studying and manipulating ge…
47 terms
Biology - Genetic Technology Terms
genetic technology
restriction enzyme
restriction site
restriction fragment
the process of combining two individual's DNA
the enzyme that "cuts" the specific genes from each chromosom…
the DNA palindrome where the DNA gets cut by restriction enzyme
the piece that was cut by the restriction enzyme -- "leftovers"
genetic technology
the process of combining two individual's DNA
restriction enzyme
the enzyme that "cuts" the specific genes from each chromosom…
10 terms
Biology Genetic Technology
Retroviruses
Tropisim
Pseudotyping
Replication Incompetent Virus
The human mRNA, Retro mRNA, reverse transcriptase are package…
Is tissue in cell or tissue the promotes the particular growt…
Is the process of producing viruses or virus vectors with a v…
method to deliver the gene-of-interest into a host cell. Alwa…
Retroviruses
The human mRNA, Retro mRNA, reverse transcriptase are package…
Tropisim
Is tissue in cell or tissue the promotes the particular growt…
Biology - rDNA technology
Transformation
Cloning Vector
Plasmid
Restriction enzymes
genetic alteration of a cell through the uptake and incorpora…
a plasmid with the gene of interest
small circular DNA found in bacterial cells
Cuts the plasmid and DNA so the gene of interest can be inser…
Transformation
genetic alteration of a cell through the uptake and incorpora…
Cloning Vector
a plasmid with the gene of interest
11 terms
Biology gene technology
Uses
Dna analysis
Restriction enZyme
Eco R1
1.paternity... 2.solves crimes... 3.GMO... 4.genes inserted... 5.makes pe…
Cells are lysed(broken open), centrifuges then isolated,
Dna cut into smaller pieces by_______
Recognizes sequences to cut for gel electrophoresis
Uses
1.paternity... 2.solves crimes... 3.GMO... 4.genes inserted... 5.makes pe…
Dna analysis
Cells are lysed(broken open), centrifuges then isolated,
Biology Genetics Technology Vocab
gel electrophoresis
DNA fingerprint
Restriction Enzyme
Plasmid
separates DNA and RNA according to their size and structure
form of identification that contains a person's sequence of DNA
a group of enzymes that catalyze the cleavage of DNA
double-stranded unit of DNA that replicates within a cell ind…
gel electrophoresis
separates DNA and RNA according to their size and structure
DNA fingerprint
form of identification that contains a person's sequence of DNA
24 terms
Genetic Technology | Biology
alteration of the structure of dna in…
medical agriculture
genetic engineering... gene manipulation
an organism that contains recombinant…
genetic technology
uses of genetic technology
what are the other names for genetic technology?
what is a transgenic organism?
alteration of the structure of dna in…
genetic technology
medical agriculture
uses of genetic technology
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