How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Study sets matching "technology biology"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "technology biology"

24 terms
SSFC Biology Gene Technology
Restriction endonuclease
Palindromic recognition site
DNA ligase
Sticky ends
Enzyme that cuts DNA molecules at a specific sequence of bases.
The specific sequence of bases where a restriction enzyme wil…
Enzyme which joins sections of DNA together, catalysing conde…
When a restriction endonuclease cuts DNA and leaves unpaired…
Restriction endonuclease
Enzyme that cuts DNA molecules at a specific sequence of bases.
Palindromic recognition site
The specific sequence of bases where a restriction enzyme wil…
11 terms
Biology: Genetic Technology
some important notes
copying and sequencing DNA: *polymeras…
DNA fingerprinting
gel electrophoresis
1. in prokaryotes, transcription and translation occur simult…
- method of amplifying (that is, rapidly copying) DNA in a la…
- used to prove or disprove identity based on an individual's…
- used to determine the exact nucleotide sequence of a strand…
some important notes
1. in prokaryotes, transcription and translation occur simult…
copying and sequencing DNA: *polymeras…
- method of amplifying (that is, rapidly copying) DNA in a la…
8 terms
DNA Technology Practice for Biology
genetic engineering
applications of genetic engineering
DNA Fingerprinting
Applicatons of DNA Fingerprinting
The process of taking a piece of... DNA from one organism and... in…
increasing crop... production, facilitating waste... management, an…
The process of identifying... individuals based upon the... unique…
analysis of biological... evidence left behind at a crime... scene…
genetic engineering
The process of taking a piece of... DNA from one organism and... in…
applications of genetic engineering
increasing crop... production, facilitating waste... management, an…
9 terms
Biology- Technology
Electrophoresis gels are DNA
What are the uses of electrophoresis gel
DNA sample is extracted from the what…
PCR (polymerase chain reaction) is use…
fingerprints
A. identifying a murderer or a rapist ... B. determining who the…
Nucleus
Duplicate
Electrophoresis gels are DNA
fingerprints
What are the uses of electrophoresis gel
A. identifying a murderer or a rapist ... B. determining who the…
11 terms
Biology: DNA Technology
Restriction Enzymes
Gel Electrophoresis
Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)
DNA Fingerprinting
-Cuts out damaged DNA at specific places... -Each recognizes a d…
-A way to see and analyze fragments of DNA... -DNA is negatively…
-Most common way to test the presence of a gene in a tissue/c…
-Uses PCR and Gel Electrophoresis to examine DNA... -Use PCR to…
Restriction Enzymes
-Cuts out damaged DNA at specific places... -Each recognizes a d…
Gel Electrophoresis
-A way to see and analyze fragments of DNA... -DNA is negatively…
81 terms
DNA biology and technology
Mendel (1850'2)
Miescher (1870's)
fred griffith (1928)
who discovered the transforming princi…
pea plants hereditary expirement
dna made of nucleotides, saw from pus covered bandages
experiments with mice and two different strains of bacterium:…
fred griffith
Mendel (1850'2)
pea plants hereditary expirement
Miescher (1870's)
dna made of nucleotides, saw from pus covered bandages
16 terms
AP Biology DNA Technology and Genomics
recombinant DNA
biotechnology
gene cloning
restriction enzyme
A DNA molecule made in vitro with segments from different sou…
The manipulation of living organisms or their components to p…
The production of multiple copies of a gene.
A degradative enzyme that recognizes and cuts up DNA (includi…
recombinant DNA
A DNA molecule made in vitro with segments from different sou…
biotechnology
The manipulation of living organisms or their components to p…
DNA Biology and Technology
Functions of DNA
Watson and Crick
Deoxyribose sugar-phosphate molecules
Hydrogen bonds
Stores genetic information; undergoes mutation which produces…
Built a model of DNA as a double helix
On the outside of DNA that form the supporting backbone of ea…
connects bases and are ladder like structures within each str…
Functions of DNA
Stores genetic information; undergoes mutation which produces…
Watson and Crick
Built a model of DNA as a double helix
9 terms
Advanced Biology DNA Technology
Genetic Engineering
restriction enzymes
EcoR
CTTAAG
the alteration of the DNA of an organism to produce individua…
enzymes first discovered in bacteria that cut the DNA at spec…
the restriction enzyme that cuts the DNA into fragments
the DNA sequence in which it is cut
Genetic Engineering
the alteration of the DNA of an organism to produce individua…
restriction enzymes
enzymes first discovered in bacteria that cut the DNA at spec…
19 terms
Biology- DNA Technology
genetic engineering
biotechnology
recombinant DNA
gene cloning
the process of manipulating genes and genomes
the process of manipulating organisms and their components fo…
DNA that has been artificially made using DNA from different…
scienctist produce significant sampels of specific segement o…
genetic engineering
the process of manipulating genes and genomes
biotechnology
the process of manipulating organisms and their components fo…
19 terms
Biology- DNA Technology
genetic engineering
biotechnology
recombinant DNA
gene cloning
the process of manipulating genes and genomes
the process of manipulating organisms and their components fo…
DNA that has been artificially made using DNA from different…
scienctist produce significant sampels of specific segement o…
genetic engineering
the process of manipulating genes and genomes
biotechnology
the process of manipulating organisms and their components fo…
30 terms
DNA biology and technology
DNA
Nucleotide
base pairing rules
replication
polymer of nucleotides
pentose sugar (deoxyribose)... phosphate group... nitrogenous base
A=T... C=G
double helix unwinds, new bases pair up, stitched together... oc…
DNA
polymer of nucleotides
Nucleotide
pentose sugar (deoxyribose)... phosphate group... nitrogenous base
Biology, Chapter 13.2, DNA Technology
genetic engineering
genome
restriction enzyme
gel electrophoresis
technology that involves manipulating the DNA of one organism…
the total DNA present in the nucleus of each cell
proteins that recognize and bind to specific DNA sequences an…
an electric current used to separate DNA fragments according…
genetic engineering
technology that involves manipulating the DNA of one organism…
genome
the total DNA present in the nucleus of each cell
37 terms
Biology bio technology
Recombinant Dna
DNA (gene) Cloning
Plasmid
Genetic engineering
Transfer of genetic material between organisms
Use bacterial transformation to make copies of genes
Tiny circular piece of DNA that is separate from the DNA in t…
The deliberate modification of the characteristics of an orga…
Recombinant Dna
Transfer of genetic material between organisms
DNA (gene) Cloning
Use bacterial transformation to make copies of genes
29 terms
marine biology technology
side scan sonar
bathysphere
secchi disk
clamshelldredge
towed behind a ship and gives a wide profile used to find thi…
thick walled metal sphere lowered on a cable
measure visibility dependent on clarity
collects bottom samples
side scan sonar
towed behind a ship and gives a wide profile used to find thi…
bathysphere
thick walled metal sphere lowered on a cable
22 terms
Biology 2003 - Genetic Technology
Recombinant DNA strategy
Restriction Endonucleases
DNA ligase
Essence of recombinant DNA technology
Cloning the human gene, introducing the gene into bacteria, h…
bacterial enzymes that cut DNA at specific base sequences cal…
Seals the recombinant pieces of DNA together and forms the ph…
The ability to create novel combinations of DNA by cutting sp…
Recombinant DNA strategy
Cloning the human gene, introducing the gene into bacteria, h…
Restriction Endonucleases
bacterial enzymes that cut DNA at specific base sequences cal…
35 terms
Biology modern DNA technology
Types of controlled breeding
Mass selection
Inbreeding
Hybridization
Mass selection, inbreeding, hybridization
Choosing a few indv. To act as parents for a bigger pool of i…
Maintaining or intensifying desirable traits
Two diff. but related species are breeded- makes hybrids
Types of controlled breeding
Mass selection, inbreeding, hybridization
Mass selection
Choosing a few indv. To act as parents for a bigger pool of i…
12 terms
Biology - Ch 13: Genetic Technology
inbreeding
test cross
clone
genetic engineering
mating between closely related individuals; ensures that offs…
mating of an individual of unknown genotypes with an individu…
genetically identical copies of an organism or gene.
method of cutting DNA from one organism and inserting the DNA…
inbreeding
mating between closely related individuals; ensures that offs…
test cross
mating of an individual of unknown genotypes with an individu…
21 terms
Biology 2 - DNA technology
DNA technology
Tools
Chop - Restriction Enzymes
Amplify - PCR
any technology that allows us to analyze and/or manipulate DN…
chop, amplify, insert, identify
cut DNA at specific sequences (ex. defense mechanism by bacte…
polymerase chain reaction: a powerful tool that allows resear…
DNA technology
any technology that allows us to analyze and/or manipulate DN…
Tools
chop, amplify, insert, identify
Biology unit five, DNA technology.
Recombinant DNA.
Genetically modified organism.
The process of making a protein:
Retroviruses.
The DNA of two organisms that has been combined.
The resulting organism that is formed from recombinant DNA.
1) Isolation of the DNA fragments that have the gene for the…
A group of viruses best known for HIV. The genetic informatio…
Recombinant DNA.
The DNA of two organisms that has been combined.
Genetically modified organism.
The resulting organism that is formed from recombinant DNA.
47 terms
DNA Technology- biology 101
define dna technology
nucleic acid hybridization
genetic engrineering
DNA sequencing
techniques to sequence and manipulate DNA... -involve nucleic ac…
base pairing one strand of DNA to complementary strand
direct manipulation of genes for practical purposes
1. uses complementary base pairing- if you know template pair…
define dna technology
techniques to sequence and manipulate DNA... -involve nucleic ac…
nucleic acid hybridization
base pairing one strand of DNA to complementary strand
Biology Tools And Technology
Light Microscope
Scanning electron Microscope
Transmission Electron Microscope (TEM)
X-Ray
Uses light to magnify specimens, specimens can be alive
Uses beams of electrons instead of light to magnify objects
Makes a two dimensional image similar to that of a light micr…
Formed by x-rays which pass through soft tissues such as skin
Light Microscope
Uses light to magnify specimens, specimens can be alive
Scanning electron Microscope
Uses beams of electrons instead of light to magnify objects
15 terms
Biology DNA technology
Artifical Breeding
Restriction Enzymes
Genetically Modified Organism
Plasmids
new breeds of animals & new crop plants to improve our food
used by bacteria to cup up DNA of attacking viruses which lea…
protects crops from insects
ways to get genes into bacteria easily
Artifical Breeding
new breeds of animals & new crop plants to improve our food
Restriction Enzymes
used by bacteria to cup up DNA of attacking viruses which lea…
15 terms
Biology: DNA and Technology
clone
codon
DNA fingerprint
gene therapy
genetically identical copy of a single gene or an entire orga…
sequence of three nucleotides that codes for one anime acid
unique sequence of DNA base pairs that can be used to identif…
procedure to treat a disease in which a defective or missing…
clone
genetically identical copy of a single gene or an entire orga…
codon
sequence of three nucleotides that codes for one anime acid
43 terms
Molecular Biology & Genetic Technology
gel electrophoresis
Antiparallel
DNA Replication
mRNA
technique used to separate DNA according to size. DNA moves f…
Having two strands that run parallel to each other, but one i…
Occurs in nucleus during interphase. Each of the 2 strands of…
Messenger RNA. Serves as messenger from DNA to ribosome.
gel electrophoresis
technique used to separate DNA according to size. DNA moves f…
Antiparallel
Having two strands that run parallel to each other, but one i…
18 terms
Biology-DNA Technology
Polymerase chain reaction (PCR)
PCR requires
Steps of PCR
Primers
Produces/amplifies large numbers of identical copies of a sam…
-DNA... -free DNA nucleotides... -DNA polymerase to mark the sequen…
Heats to 95degrees to separate hydrogen bonds in DNA strands…
Stop DNA from rejoining... 'Bracket' section of DNA to be copied…
Polymerase chain reaction (PCR)
Produces/amplifies large numbers of identical copies of a sam…
PCR requires
-DNA... -free DNA nucleotides... -DNA polymerase to mark the sequen…
22 terms
22 - DNA Biology and Technology
central dogma of biology
DNA structure and nucleotides
replication
RNA structure
DNA -> transcription -> RNA -> translated -> proteins
polymer of nucleotides - pentose sugar is deoxyribose, phosph…
semiconservative - double helix unwinds, new bases pair up an…
pentose sugar is ribose, nucleotides (U replaces T), single s…
central dogma of biology
DNA -> transcription -> RNA -> translated -> proteins
DNA structure and nucleotides
polymer of nucleotides - pentose sugar is deoxyribose, phosph…
15 terms
DNA Biology and Technology
RNA
Transfer RNA (tRNA)
Messenger RNA (mRNA)
Ribosomal RNA (rRNA)
- Ribonucleic Acid... - 3 types: Transfer RNA, Messenger RNA, an…
- matches mRNA codon to add correct amino acids during protei…
- carries code from DNA to the ribosomes
- combines with proteins to form ribosomes
RNA
- Ribonucleic Acid... - 3 types: Transfer RNA, Messenger RNA, an…
Transfer RNA (tRNA)
- matches mRNA codon to add correct amino acids during protei…
35 terms
Biology-DNA technology(Virus)
Are viruses living or non-living?
What was the first virus discovered?
Viruses consist of what 2 or 3 compone…
What are the 2 main classes of viruses?
They are in between living and non-living. So they are consid…
The tobacco mosaic virus
They consist of nucleic acid enclosed in a protein coat(in so…
A DNA virus or an RNA virus
Are viruses living or non-living?
They are in between living and non-living. So they are consid…
What was the first virus discovered?
The tobacco mosaic virus
39 terms
marine biology technology test
scuba diving
trawling
aquarius underwater laboratory
acoustic doppler current profiler
allows breathing underwater and exploration
drags along the ocean floor and catches fish
allows scientists to be in a marine environment for extended…
measures ocean currents
scuba diving
allows breathing underwater and exploration
trawling
drags along the ocean floor and catches fish
25 terms
Biology-DNA technology(Bacteria)
What are two reasons why bacteria are…
What can some bacteria due to withstan…
Why do new mutations increase genetic…
What are three ways in which bacteria…
1. short generation time... 2. simple genome(one chromosome)
endospores which surrounds the chromosomes with a tough multi…
because they have short generation time and large population
1.transformation... 2.Transduction... 3.conjugation
What are two reasons why bacteria are…
1. short generation time... 2. simple genome(one chromosome)
What can some bacteria due to withstan…
endospores which surrounds the chromosomes with a tough multi…
12 terms
Biology Final: DNA Technology
What can we do with DNA?
Transgenic Organisms
If you are shown a DNA fingerprint, be…
What are some ethical issues involving…
With DNA, we can clone animals and look at evidence to determ…
organisms that contain functional recombinant DNA
DNA is cut into fragments by using restriction enzymes. These…
-Cloning an animal is unnatural and the animal wouldn't be th…
What can we do with DNA?
With DNA, we can clone animals and look at evidence to determ…
Transgenic Organisms
organisms that contain functional recombinant DNA
44 terms
Biology - DNA Technology
What is a restriction enzyme?
What is a transgenic?
What is cloning?
What is recombinant DNA?
enzyme that cuts DNA molecules at specific nucleotide sequences
an organism whose genome has been altered to contain one or m…
genetic engineering creating identical copies or by nature
genetically engineered DNA that contains gene from more than…
What is a restriction enzyme?
enzyme that cuts DNA molecules at specific nucleotide sequences
What is a transgenic?
an organism whose genome has been altered to contain one or m…
47 terms
Biology - Genetic Technology Terms
genetic technology
restriction enzyme
restriction site
restriction fragment
the process of combining two individual's DNA
the enzyme that "cuts" the specific genes from each chromosom…
the DNA palindrome where the DNA gets cut by restriction enzyme
the piece that was cut by the restriction enzyme -- "leftovers"
genetic technology
the process of combining two individual's DNA
restriction enzyme
the enzyme that "cuts" the specific genes from each chromosom…
35 terms
Biology DNA technology and Society
Plasmids
Recombinant DNA
Bacteria
Restriction enzyme
Used to customize bacteria. Are extra rings of DNA oustide ba…
Plasmids that have desired genes in them
Used as copy machines(clone genes), as factories(make protein…
Cut DNA at specific sequences into fragments. 4-6 Bp's long.…
Plasmids
Used to customize bacteria. Are extra rings of DNA oustide ba…
Recombinant DNA
Plasmids that have desired genes in them
11 terms
Biology - rDNA technology
Transformation
Cloning Vector
Plasmid
Restriction enzymes
genetic alteration of a cell through the uptake and incorpora…
a plasmid with the gene of interest
small circular DNA found in bacterial cells
Cuts the plasmid and DNA so the gene of interest can be inser…
Transformation
genetic alteration of a cell through the uptake and incorpora…
Cloning Vector
a plasmid with the gene of interest
17 terms
Biology- DNA Technology
genetic engineering
recombinant DNA
gene cloning
restriction enzyme
the process of manipulating genes and genomes
DNA that has been artificially made using DNA from different…
scienctist produce significant sampels of specific segement o…
any of the enzymes that cut nucleic acid at specific restrict…
genetic engineering
the process of manipulating genes and genomes
recombinant DNA
DNA that has been artificially made using DNA from different…
17 terms
Biology: Gene Technology (O'Dowd)
genetic engineering
to make functional recombinant DNA
Recombinant DNA Technology... Gene Modifi…
recombinant DNA
taking DNA from different organism, mixing it with other DNA,…
What is the goal of genetic engineering?
What are some other names for genetic engineering?
DNA strand made from a combination of DNA from different orga…
genetic engineering
taking DNA from different organism, mixing it with other DNA,…
to make functional recombinant DNA
What is the goal of genetic engineering?
12 terms
Biology Genetic Technology Vocab
genetic engineering
recombinant DNA
restriction enzymes
vector
the process of manipulating genes for practical purposes
DNA made from two or more different organisms
bacterial enzymes that recognize and bind to specific short s…
an agent that is used to carry the gene of interest into anot…
genetic engineering
the process of manipulating genes for practical purposes
recombinant DNA
DNA made from two or more different organisms
13 terms
Biology DNA Technology
Karyotype
Trisomy
Monosomy
Jacob's Syndrome
A small chart of chromosomes pairs that identifies the gender…
The allele will have an extra allele. This occurs because of…
The allele will have a missing allele. This occurs because of…
Characterized by having one x chromosome but two y chromosomes
Karyotype
A small chart of chromosomes pairs that identifies the gender…
Trisomy
The allele will have an extra allele. This occurs because of…
31 terms
Biology - Bio Technology
Hybrid
Inbreeding
Test Cross
Genetic Engineering
The offspring of two plants of animals of different species
Breed from closely related people or animals
A way to find the genotype of an organism ... by crossing an ind…
Process of making changes in the DNA code of living organisms2
Hybrid
The offspring of two plants of animals of different species
Inbreeding
Breed from closely related people or animals
40 terms
DNA Biology and Technology
Molecular Genetics
DNA Requirements
DNA
Nucleotides
Genes ->?->?->?->?->Traits
1. Replicate itself to be passed on to the next generation... 2.…
Double helix of 2 single stranded polymers wound around each…
Adenosine ... Guanosine... Cytidine... Thymidine... AT: CG... Made up of one…
Molecular Genetics
Genes ->?->?->?->?->Traits
DNA Requirements
1. Replicate itself to be passed on to the next generation... 2.…
15 terms
Biology-Genetic Technology Vocab
e. coli
genetic engineering
reverse transcriptase
recombinant DNA technology
an organism used to clone genes
direct manipulation of genes for practical purposes
an enzyme used to make DNA from an RNA master
a set of techniques for combining genes from different sources
e. coli
an organism used to clone genes
genetic engineering
direct manipulation of genes for practical purposes
14 terms
DNA Technology (Honors Biology)
Karyotype
XYY
XXY
XO
a chart of chromosome pairs. ... (it identifies the gender of an…
Jacob's syndrome
Klinefelter syndrome
Turner syndrome
Karyotype
a chart of chromosome pairs. ... (it identifies the gender of an…
XYY
Jacob's syndrome
11 terms
Biology: DNA technology
What is Recombinant DNA technology?
What is it called when an organism tha…
Biotechnology:
What are the workhorses of modern biot…
a set of techniques for combining genes from different source…
genetically modified (GM) organism
uses various organisms to perform practical tasks
bacteria
What is Recombinant DNA technology?
a set of techniques for combining genes from different source…
What is it called when an organism tha…
genetically modified (GM) organism
14 terms
Biology- DNA Technology
genetic engineering
biotechnology
recombinant DNA
gene cloning
the process of manipulating genes and genomes
the process of manipulating organisms and their components fo…
DNA that has been artificially made using DNA from different…
scienctist produce significant sampels of specific segement o…
genetic engineering
the process of manipulating genes and genomes
biotechnology
the process of manipulating organisms and their components fo…
19 terms
Biology DNA technology
Recombinant DNA and how do we use it i…
What is a restriction enzyme and why i…
Describe the steps used to make recomb…
What is the process of gel electrophor…
This happens when DNA pieces from 2 different organisms join…
They are used by genetic engineers to cut segments of DNA. It…
1. Genes or pieces of DNA are taken from one organism and tra…
DNA is cut into fragments and placed into a gel... The electric…
Recombinant DNA and how do we use it i…
This happens when DNA pieces from 2 different organisms join…
What is a restriction enzyme and why i…
They are used by genetic engineers to cut segments of DNA. It…
35 terms
H Biology DNA technology
What is DNA technology/genetic enginee…
What is rDNA?
What is a vector?
Inbreeding
process of changing one's genetic makeup
recombinant DNA
deliverer of needed gene (plasmid)
breeding of those with similar characteristics
What is DNA technology/genetic enginee…
process of changing one's genetic makeup
What is rDNA?
recombinant DNA
18 terms
Biology Genetic Technology
Genetic Engineering
Recombinant DNA
Restriction enzyme
Human genome project
the use of recombinant DNA and cloning techniques to manipula…
the new SNA that results from combining two or more types of…
an enzyme capable to sequence and locate the entire collectio…
a research effort to sequence and locate the entire collectio…
Genetic Engineering
the use of recombinant DNA and cloning techniques to manipula…
Recombinant DNA
the new SNA that results from combining two or more types of…
44 terms
DNA Biology and Technology
Anticodon
biotechnology
cloning
codon
Three-base sequence in a transfer RNA molecule that pairs wit…
Term that encompasses genetic engineering and other technique…
Production of identical copies. In organisms, the production…
Three-base pair of messenger RNA that causes the insertion of…
Anticodon
Three-base sequence in a transfer RNA molecule that pairs wit…
biotechnology
Term that encompasses genetic engineering and other technique…
1 of 10