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Study sets matching "tectonics volcanoes earthquakes"

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Study sets matching "tectonics volcanoes earthquakes"

50 terms
Plate tectonics, Earthquakes, and Volcanoes
crust
lithosphere
asthenosphere
mantle
the thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
the solid part of the earth consisting of the crust and outer…
The plastic region of the mantle just below the lithosphere,…
the layer of the earth between the crust and the core, Is loc…
crust
the thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
lithosphere
the solid part of the earth consisting of the crust and outer…
38 terms
Plate tectonics, volcanoes, earthquakes
mantle
asthenosphere
lithosphere
magnetic field
thickest layer of the earth, located between the crust and ou…
partially melted layer of the mantle that is under the lithos…
outer part of the earth, consisting of the crust and upper ma…
area of charged particles that create a magnetic force, produ…
mantle
thickest layer of the earth, located between the crust and ou…
asthenosphere
partially melted layer of the mantle that is under the lithos…
71 terms
Plate Tectonics, Earthquakes, Volcanoes
shearing
footwall
compression
anticline
Stress that pushes a mass of rock in two opposite directions
The block of rock that forms the lower half of a fault.
Type of stress that produces a reverse fault
A fold in rock that bends upward into an arch
shearing
Stress that pushes a mass of rock in two opposite directions
footwall
The block of rock that forms the lower half of a fault.
17 terms
Earthquakes, Plate Tectonics, and Volcanoes
earthquakes
fault
seismic waves
epicenter
caused by friction in a fault line, and can cause destruction
a break in rock
wave of energy that travels through the earth
where the earthquake started and the earthquake is the strong…
earthquakes
caused by friction in a fault line, and can cause destruction
fault
a break in rock
35 terms
Plate tectonics, Earthquakes, and Volcanoes
crust
lithosphere
asthenosphere
mantle
the thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
the solid part of the earth consisting of the crust and outer…
The plastic region of the mantle just below the lithosphere,…
the layer of the earth between the crust and the core, Is loc…
crust
the thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
lithosphere
the solid part of the earth consisting of the crust and outer…
67 terms
Plate tectonics, Earthquakes, and Volcanoes
crust
lithosphere
asthenosphere
mantle
the thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
the solid part of the earth consisting of the crust and outer…
The plastic region of the mantle just below the lithosphere,…
the layer of the earth between the crust and the core, Is loc…
crust
the thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
lithosphere
the solid part of the earth consisting of the crust and outer…
56 terms
Plate Tectonics, Earthquakes, Volcanoes
Continental Drift
Pangaea
Fossil
Mid-Ocean Ridge
A hypothesis that the continents were once joined together an…
The super-continent that once contained all of the landmasses…
The preserved remains or traces of organisms that lived in th…
Long, underwater mountain chains-divergent boundary
Continental Drift
A hypothesis that the continents were once joined together an…
Pangaea
The super-continent that once contained all of the landmasses…
50 terms
Plate tectonics, Earthquakes, and Volcanoes
crust
lithosphere
asthenosphere
mantle
the thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
the solid part of the earth consisting of the crust and outer…
The plastic region of the mantle just below the lithosphere,…
the layer of the earth between the crust and the core, Is loc…
crust
the thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
lithosphere
the solid part of the earth consisting of the crust and outer…
67 terms
Plate tectonics, Earthquakes, and Volcanoes
crust
lithosphere
asthenosphere
mantle
the thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
the solid part of the earth consisting of the crust and outer…
The plastic region of the mantle just below the lithosphere,…
the layer of the earth between the crust and the core, Is loc…
crust
the thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
lithosphere
the solid part of the earth consisting of the crust and outer…
20 terms
Plate Tectonics, Earthquakes and Volcanoes
Pangaea
seafloor spreading
convection current
asthenosphere
all continents might once have been connected in a large land…
hot magma forced upward at mid-ocean ridges produces this
the cycle of heating, rising, cooling, and sinking air
plastic-like layer of Earth's surface
Pangaea
all continents might once have been connected in a large land…
seafloor spreading
hot magma forced upward at mid-ocean ridges produces this
40 terms
PLATE TECTONICS / EARTHQUAKES / VOLCANOES
inner core
outer core
mantle
crust
ball of hot, solid metals.
layer of liquid metals that surrounds the inner core.
Earth's thickest layer made of hot rock that is less dense th…
thin layer of cool rock that surrounds Earth somewhat like a…
inner core
ball of hot, solid metals.
outer core
layer of liquid metals that surrounds the inner core.
Plate Tectonics, Earthquakes, and Volcanoes
P waves
S waves
surface waves
seismologist
They are the primary waves, they travel the fastest and they…
secondary body waves that shake like a jump rope and are slow…
A type of seismic wave that forms when P waves and S waves re…
A scientist who studies earthquakes
P waves
They are the primary waves, they travel the fastest and they…
S waves
secondary body waves that shake like a jump rope and are slow…
22 terms
Plate Tectonics, Volcanoes and Earthquakes
geologic activity
Continental crust
Oceanic crust
Moho
Most of this occurs along the edges of the Earth's plates.
Thicker and less dense than oceanic crust. Made mostly of gra…
Thinner and more dense than continental crust. Made mostly of…
Region of the Earth that has drastic changes in properties.
geologic activity
Most of this occurs along the edges of the Earth's plates.
Continental crust
Thicker and less dense than oceanic crust. Made mostly of gra…
46 terms
Plate tectonics, Earthquakes, and Volcanoes
crust
lithosphere
asthenosphere
mantle
the thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
the solid part of the earth consisting of the crust and outer…
The plastic region of the mantle just below the lithosphere,…
the layer of the earth between the crust and the core, Is loc…
crust
the thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
lithosphere
the solid part of the earth consisting of the crust and outer…
56 terms
Plate tectonics, Earthquakes, and Volcanoes
crust
lithosphere
asthenosphere
mantle
the thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
the solid part of the earth consisting of the crust and outer…
The plastic region of the mantle just below the lithosphere,…
the layer of the earth between the crust and the core, Is loc…
crust
the thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
lithosphere
the solid part of the earth consisting of the crust and outer…
42 terms
Tectonics, Earthquakes, Volcanoes
Crust
Mantle
asthenosphere
core
The outer most layer of Earth
Middle layer and thickest layer of Earth
top portion of the mantle, currents in it cause plates to move
Inner layer of Earth
Crust
The outer most layer of Earth
Mantle
Middle layer and thickest layer of Earth
33 terms
Plate Tectonics, Volcanoes, Earthquakes
crater
earthquake
island arc
convergent boundary
a bowl-shaped area that forms around a volcano's central open…
the shaking that results from the movement of rock beneath Ea…
a string of islands formed by the volcanoes along a deep-ocea…
a plate boundary where two plates move toward each other
crater
a bowl-shaped area that forms around a volcano's central open…
earthquake
the shaking that results from the movement of rock beneath Ea…
Plate Tectonics, Earthquakes, Volcanoes
surface waves
composite
compression
shear
most destructive seismic wave
type of volcano; occur at convergent boundaries; may have mul…
occurs at convergent boundaries; reverse faults
forces along strike-slip faults
surface waves
most destructive seismic wave
composite
type of volcano; occur at convergent boundaries; may have mul…
33 terms
Earthquakes, Volcanoes & Plate Tectonics
Extinct
Dormant
Active
Shield
Volcano which will never erupt again
Volcano which has not erupted in over 200 years
Volcano that is constantly shaking, rumbling, and erupting
Volcano formed by hot, thin, runny magma; quiet eruptions; wa…
Extinct
Volcano which will never erupt again
Dormant
Volcano which has not erupted in over 200 years
36 terms
Plate Tectonics, Earthquakes, Volcanoes
Proof Wegner didn't have for plate tec…
Proof Wegner had for plate tectonics
Divergent plate boundaries
Ocean-ocean convergent plate boundaries
didn't know what moved plates... didn't know where edges of plat…
Shapes of continents... Identical fossils separated by oceans... Gl…
move apart... rifts, ridges, mostly underwater... fissure volcanoes…
move together... trenches, island arcs... composite volcanoes
Proof Wegner didn't have for plate tec…
didn't know what moved plates... didn't know where edges of plat…
Proof Wegner had for plate tectonics
Shapes of continents... Identical fossils separated by oceans... Gl…
19 terms
Earthquakes, plate tectonics, volcanoes
Today, most people know that natural e…
Approximately 70,000 people were kille…
Aftershocks
Technology
Earthquakes
Aftershocks
Earthquakes that happen after the main earthquake
provides the scientific stories that help us earthquakes today
Today, most people know that natural e…
Earthquakes
Approximately 70,000 people were kille…
Aftershocks
42 terms
Tectonics, Earthquakes, Volcanoes
Crust
Mantle
asthenosphere
core
The outer most layer of Earth
Middle layer and thickest layer of Earth
top portion of the mantle, currents in it cause plates to move
Inner layer of Earth
Crust
The outer most layer of Earth
Mantle
Middle layer and thickest layer of Earth
42 terms
Tectonics, Earthquakes, Volcanoes
Crust
Mantle
asthenosphere
core
The outer most layer of Earth
Middle layer and thickest layer of Earth
top portion of the mantle, currents in it cause plates to move
Inner layer of Earth
Crust
The outer most layer of Earth
Mantle
Middle layer and thickest layer of Earth
42 terms
Tectonics, Earthquakes, Volcanoes
Crust
Mantle
asthenosphere
core
The outer most layer of Earth
Middle layer and thickest layer of Earth
top portion of the mantle, currents in it cause plates to move
Inner layer of Earth
Crust
The outer most layer of Earth
Mantle
Middle layer and thickest layer of Earth
34 terms
Plate Tectonics/Earthquakes/Volcanoes
lithosphere
asthenosphere
mesosphere
outer core
Contains the crust and upper part of mantle.... "rock sphere"…
Soft layer of mantle where pieces of the lithosphere moved.…
Strong, lower part of mantle. ... Extends to core.... -"middle sp…
Liquid layer that extends from the edge of the mantle to the…
lithosphere
Contains the crust and upper part of mantle.... "rock sphere"…
asthenosphere
Soft layer of mantle where pieces of the lithosphere moved.…
29 terms
Plate tectonics earthquakes and volcanoes
Crust
Basalt
Granite
Mantle
The outer layer of the earth
A dark, fine-grained volcanic rock that sometimes displays a…
A very hard, granular, crystalline, igneous rocks consisting…
The part of the earth between the core and the crust. The man…
Crust
The outer layer of the earth
Basalt
A dark, fine-grained volcanic rock that sometimes displays a…
47 terms
Earthquakes, Volcanoes, Plate Tectonics
Location of the most earthquake risk i…
Asthenosphere
Lithosphere
seismometer or seismograph
Alaska is first, then California.
1. Layer of the Earth below the lithosphere (in the mantle) 2…
Composed of the crust and upper mantle; divided into plates
the instrument that measures the magnitude (amout of shaking)…
Location of the most earthquake risk i…
Alaska is first, then California.
Asthenosphere
1. Layer of the Earth below the lithosphere (in the mantle) 2…
24 terms
Plate Tectonics, Volcanoes, and Earthquakes
Plate Tectonics
Divergent Boundary
Convergent Boundary
Transform Boundary
Modern theory explaining the structure of the Earth's crust.
A boundary where two plates are moving away from each other.
A boundary where two plates are moving towards each other.
A boundary where two plates are sliding past each other.
Plate Tectonics
Modern theory explaining the structure of the Earth's crust.
Divergent Boundary
A boundary where two plates are moving away from each other.
16 terms
Plate Tectonics - Earthquakes - Volcanoes
Continental Drift
Pangaea
Sea-Floor Spreading
Subduction
The hypothesis that the continents slowly move across Earth's…
The name of the single landmass that broke apart 200 million…
The process by which molten material adds new oceanic crust t…
The process by which oceanic crust sinks beneath a deep-ocean…
Continental Drift
The hypothesis that the continents slowly move across Earth's…
Pangaea
The name of the single landmass that broke apart 200 million…
17 terms
Plate Tectonics/Earthquakes/Volcanoes
core
mantle
crust
hydrosphere
the central part of Earth
the thick layer of solid and molten rock that surrounds the c…
the thin layer of solid rock that makes up the outermost laye…
all of Earth's liquid and solid water
core
the central part of Earth
mantle
the thick layer of solid and molten rock that surrounds the c…
33 terms
Plate Tectonics, Earthquakes, & Volcanoes
continental drift
Alfred Wegener
Pangea
seafloor spreading
the theory that a continents moved slowly to their current lo…
the scientist that proposed the idea of continental drift in…
one large landmass that broke apart 200 million years ago
the process where molten material rises to the surface at mid…
continental drift
the theory that a continents moved slowly to their current lo…
Alfred Wegener
the scientist that proposed the idea of continental drift in…
33 terms
Plate Tectonics, Volcanoes, Earthquakes
crater
earthquake
island arc
convergent boundary
a bowl-shaped area that forms around a volcano's central open…
the shaking that results from the movement of rock beneath Ea…
a string of islands formed by the volcanoes along a deep-ocea…
a plate boundary where two plates move toward each other
crater
a bowl-shaped area that forms around a volcano's central open…
earthquake
the shaking that results from the movement of rock beneath Ea…
47 terms
Plate tectonics, Earthquakes, and Volcanoes
crust
lithosphere
asthenosphere
mantle
the thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
the solid part of the earth consisting of the crust and outer…
The plastic region of the mantle just below the lithosphere,…
the layer of the earth between the crust and the core, Is loc…
crust
the thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
lithosphere
the solid part of the earth consisting of the crust and outer…
17 terms
volcanoes,plate tectonics,and earthquakes
Tectonic Plates
Continental Drift
Subduction
Mid-ocean ridge
the broken pieces of the lithosphere that move around the ast…
the slow movement of the continental and oceanic plates.
the "recycling" of the ocean floor.
the longest mountain range on earth,of whichmost is underwater.
Tectonic Plates
the broken pieces of the lithosphere that move around the ast…
Continental Drift
the slow movement of the continental and oceanic plates.
42 terms
Tectonics, Earthquakes, Volcanoes
Crust
Mantle
asthenosphere
core
The outer most layer of Earth
Middle layer and thickest layer of Earth
top portion of the mantle, currents in it cause plates to move
Inner layer of Earth
Crust
The outer most layer of Earth
Mantle
Middle layer and thickest layer of Earth
36 terms
Plate tectonics, Earthquakes, Volcanoes
theory of continental drift
convergent boundry
divergent boundry
transform boundry
the theory that the tectonic plates move around the earth
boundry where two plates collide
boundry where two plates move apart
boundry where two plates slide past each other
theory of continental drift
the theory that the tectonic plates move around the earth
convergent boundry
boundry where two plates collide
Plate Tectonics, Earthquakes, Volcanoes
plate tectonics
earthquake
volcano
Pangaea
the Earth's crust and upper mantle broken into sections calle…
A sudden and violent shaking of the ground, sometimes causing…
A mountain or a hill that is typically conica, having a crate…
The name given to the single landmass that was present 200 mi…
plate tectonics
the Earth's crust and upper mantle broken into sections calle…
earthquake
A sudden and violent shaking of the ground, sometimes causing…
earthquakes, volcanoes, and plate tectonics
EARTHQUAKE
FOCUS
EPICENTER
SEISMIC WAVES
Shaking and trembling that results from the movement of rock…
Point beneath EArth's surface where the earthquake originates…
Point on Earth's surface directly above the focus.
Vibrations of energy that are released by an earthquake
EARTHQUAKE
Shaking and trembling that results from the movement of rock…
FOCUS
Point beneath EArth's surface where the earthquake originates…
40 terms
Plate Tectonics, Earthquakes, and Volcanoes
A type of fault that may form when roc…
The measurement that describes how muc…
The fastest type of seismic wave is th…
On the Modified Mercalli scale, a meas…
reverse fault
magnitude
primary
intensity
A type of fault that may form when roc…
reverse fault
The measurement that describes how muc…
magnitude
12 terms
Plate Tectonics, Volcanoes and Earthquakes
Collisional boundary
Convergent boundary
Crust
Divergent boundary
a type of convergent boundary where two plates bearing contin…
a boundary between plates that are moving toward each other.
the rocky outer layer of Earth.
a boundary between plates that are moving away from each other.
Collisional boundary
a type of convergent boundary where two plates bearing contin…
Convergent boundary
a boundary between plates that are moving toward each other.
67 terms
Plate Tectonics, Earthquakes, and Volcanoes
Continental Drift
Wegener's Evidence for Continental Drift
Plate Tectonics
Plate Movement
hypothesis proposed by Alfred Wegener in 1912 in which he sug…
Fit of the Continents... Similarity of Rock Type... Fossil Evidence…
theory which proposes that Earth's outer shell consists of in…
Movement of the plates is driven by large convection currents…
Continental Drift
hypothesis proposed by Alfred Wegener in 1912 in which he sug…
Wegener's Evidence for Continental Drift
Fit of the Continents... Similarity of Rock Type... Fossil Evidence…
56 terms
Plate tectonics, Earthquakes, and Volcanoes
crust
lithosphere
asthenosphere
mantle
the thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
the solid part of the earth consisting of the crust and outer…
The plastic region of the mantle just below the lithosphere,…
the layer of the earth between the crust and the core, Is loc…
crust
the thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
lithosphere
the solid part of the earth consisting of the crust and outer…
56 terms
Plate tectonics, Earthquakes, and Volcanoes
crust
lithosphere
asthenosphere
mantle
the thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
the solid part of the earth consisting of the crust and outer…
The plastic region of the mantle just below the lithosphere,…
the layer of the earth between the crust and the core, Is loc…
crust
the thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the man…
lithosphere
the solid part of the earth consisting of the crust and outer…
56 terms
Plate Tectonics, Volcanoes, & Earthquakes
What did early mapmakers notice that m…
What 3 pieces of evidence did Wegner u…
Why was Wegner's idea of Continental D…
What evidence did Harry Hess find that…
The shape of the coastlines looked like puzzle pieces
Rock formations (matching coastlines), fossil evidence, clima…
Could not explain why or how
Mid-ocean ridges which provided geologic evidence
What did early mapmakers notice that m…
The shape of the coastlines looked like puzzle pieces
What 3 pieces of evidence did Wegner u…
Rock formations (matching coastlines), fossil evidence, clima…
35 terms
Plate Tectonics, Earthquakes, and Volcanoes
Core (inner and outer), Mantle, and Cr…
Core
Mantle
Crust
The Earth is made up of three main layers
The innermost layer which is often characterized by being hard
The middle layer which is often associated with having liquid…
The outermost layer which is also known as the lithosphere an…
Core (inner and outer), Mantle, and Cr…
The Earth is made up of three main layers
Core
The innermost layer which is often characterized by being hard
10 terms
Plate Tectonics, Volcanoes, and Earthquakes
Theory of plate tectonics
Magma
Continental drift
folded mountains
the earth's surface is located on top of solid blocks of rock…
The heat under the earth causes currents
plates under the ocean that are moving apart
when plates colllide with each other they form these
Theory of plate tectonics
the earth's surface is located on top of solid blocks of rock…
Magma
The heat under the earth causes currents
63 terms
plate tectonics and earthquakes/volcanoes
surface waves
volcano
tsunami
rarefaction
________ waves cause Earth's surface to roll like the ocean a…
An opening in the surface of the earth through which lava, ga…
A giant wave usually caused by an earthquake beneath the ocea…
when a seismic wave BENDS as the wave crosses the boundary in…
surface waves
________ waves cause Earth's surface to roll like the ocean a…
volcano
An opening in the surface of the earth through which lava, ga…
35 terms
Plate Tectonics, Volcanoes, and Earthquakes
Continental Drift
Pangaea
Sonar
Sea-Floor Spreading
Wagner's hypothesis that continents were once joined together…
Name of supercontinent that existed millions of years ago
Technology used to map ocean floor by bouncing sound waves of…
Theory where molten material rises to the surface along a mid…
Continental Drift
Wagner's hypothesis that continents were once joined together…
Pangaea
Name of supercontinent that existed millions of years ago
43 terms
Plate Tectonics/Earthquakes/Volcanoes
How are volcanoes and earthquakes rela…
How did Harry Hess and Alfred Wegener…
What evidence do we have to prove that…
Know the layers of the Earth
They both found and happen on plate boundaries and fault line…
HH: Cane up with evidence ... AW: Had the idea
Rock Samples and seismic waves
Crust - thinnest and solid... Mantle- biggest and convection cur…
How are volcanoes and earthquakes rela…
They both found and happen on plate boundaries and fault line…
How did Harry Hess and Alfred Wegener…
HH: Cane up with evidence ... AW: Had the idea
52 terms
Plate Tectonics, Earthquakes and Volcanoes
Asthenosphere
Convection Current
Plate Tectonics
Subduction Zone
Plastic like layer of Earth's surface below the lithosphere.
The cycling of heating, cooling, rising and sinking.
The theory that states that Earth's crust is broken into sect…
An area where an oceanic plate goes down into the mantle.
Asthenosphere
Plastic like layer of Earth's surface below the lithosphere.
Convection Current
The cycling of heating, cooling, rising and sinking.
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