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Study sets matching "tectonics"

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Study sets matching "tectonics"

19 terms
Tectonics
faulting
vertical faulting
horizontal faulting
midocean ridge
the movement of rock along a fault
movement of rock along a fault in an up and down direction
movement of rock along a fault in a side to side direction (a…
a long mountain range that forms along cracks on the ocean fl…
faulting
the movement of rock along a fault
vertical faulting
movement of rock along a fault in an up and down direction
10 terms
Tectonics
divergent boundary
convergent boundary
transform boundary
subduction
A line between tectonic plates that is spreading apart over t…
A line between tectonic plates that is pushing together over…
A line between tectonic plates that is sliding apart over time.
the sideways and downward movement of a tectonic plate into t…
divergent boundary
A line between tectonic plates that is spreading apart over t…
convergent boundary
A line between tectonic plates that is pushing together over…
24 terms
Tectonics
Block Mountain
bedrock
faulting
vertical faulting
A mountain built by vertical faulting EX: Sierra Nevadas
solid rock that covers a large area of land
the movement of rock along a fault
movement of rock along a fault in an up and down direction
Block Mountain
A mountain built by vertical faulting EX: Sierra Nevadas
bedrock
solid rock that covers a large area of land
14 terms
Tectonics
Seismic Waves
Mantle
Crust
Inner Core
vibrations that travel through Earth carrying the energy rele…
The layer of hot, solid material between Earth's crust and co…
Earth's outermost layer.
A dense sphere of solid iron and nickel at the center of Earth
Seismic Waves
vibrations that travel through Earth carrying the energy rele…
Mantle
The layer of hot, solid material between Earth's crust and co…
26 terms
Tectonics
earthquake
epicenter
crust
mantle
A sudden movement of the Earth's crust. Earthquakes are cause…
the point on the earth's surface vertically above the focus o…
The outermost layer of a planet. The crust of the Earth is co…
the part of the earth between the core and the the crust is t…
earthquake
A sudden movement of the Earth's crust. Earthquakes are cause…
epicenter
the point on the earth's surface vertically above the focus o…
28 terms
Tectonics
Hotspot
Divergent Boundary
Continental margin
Magnitude
a tectonic feature where a stationary & narrow stream of abno…
boundary between tectonic plates in which the two plates move…
a boundary between continental crust and oceanic crust
the strength of an earthquake
Hotspot
a tectonic feature where a stationary & narrow stream of abno…
Divergent Boundary
boundary between tectonic plates in which the two plates move…
28 terms
Tectonics
Hotspot
Divergent Boundary
Continental margin
Magnitude
a tectonic feature where a stationary & narrow stream of abno…
boundary between tectonic plates in which the two plates move…
a boundary between continental crust and oceanic crust
the strength of an earthquake
Hotspot
a tectonic feature where a stationary & narrow stream of abno…
Divergent Boundary
boundary between tectonic plates in which the two plates move…
30 terms
Tectonics
kontinentalverschiebung
Alfred Wegener
Continental Drift
Continent Shape
German for Continental Drift
The guy who came up with the original idea of Continental Drift
The belief that the continents have been moving across the pl…
The first observation that Wegener made his inference based on.
kontinentalverschiebung
German for Continental Drift
Alfred Wegener
The guy who came up with the original idea of Continental Drift
14 terms
Tectonics
inner core
outer core
mantle
continental crust
A dense sphere of solid iron and nickel at the center of Earth
A layer of molten iron and nickel that surrounds the inner co…
The layer of hot, solid material between Earth's crust and co…
The portion of the earth's crust that primarily contains gran…
inner core
A dense sphere of solid iron and nickel at the center of Earth
outer core
A layer of molten iron and nickel that surrounds the inner co…
10 terms
Tectonics
divergent boundary
convergent boundary
transform boundary
subduction
A line between tectonic plates that is spreading apart over t…
A line between tectonic plates that is pushing together over…
A line between tectonic plates that is sliding apart over time.
the sideways and downward movement of a tectonic plate into t…
divergent boundary
A line between tectonic plates that is spreading apart over t…
convergent boundary
A line between tectonic plates that is pushing together over…
9 terms
Tectonics
Oceanic Crust
Continental Crust
Destructive Plate Boundary
Constructive Plate Boundary
Newer, denser and can sink, be renewed and destroyed
Older, less dense and can't sink, be renewed or destroyed
Plates move towards eachother. The oceanic crust is pushed be…
The plates move apart.
Oceanic Crust
Newer, denser and can sink, be renewed and destroyed
Continental Crust
Older, less dense and can't sink, be renewed or destroyed
24 terms
Tectonics
Block Mountain
bedrock
faulting
vertical faulting
A mountain built by vertical faulting EX: Sierra Nevadas
solid rock that covers a large area of land
the movement of rock along a fault
movement of rock along a fault in an up and down direction
Block Mountain
A mountain built by vertical faulting EX: Sierra Nevadas
bedrock
solid rock that covers a large area of land
29 terms
Tectonics
ash cloud
Collision Margin
composite volcano
Conservative margin
a cloud of volcanic ash occurring during and after an eruptio…
Where two tectonic plates (continental plates) are colliding
a steep sided, cone-shaped volcano made from sticky acidic lava
where two tectonic plates are moving past each other
ash cloud
a cloud of volcanic ash occurring during and after an eruptio…
Collision Margin
Where two tectonic plates (continental plates) are colliding
29 terms
Tectonics
ash cloud
Collision Margin
composite volcano
Conservative margin
a cloud of volcanic ash occurring during and after an eruptio…
Where two tectonic plates (continental plates) are colliding
a steep sided, cone-shaped volcano made from sticky acidic lava
where two tectonic plates are moving past each other
ash cloud
a cloud of volcanic ash occurring during and after an eruptio…
Collision Margin
Where two tectonic plates (continental plates) are colliding
92 terms
Tectonics
rock
sediment
mineral
glass
a solid aggregate or mass of minerals, glass or fossils; mine…
unconsolidated materials deposited by wind, water, or ice; ma…
an inorganic, naturally occurring substance with regular crys…
lacks a crystalline structure
rock
a solid aggregate or mass of minerals, glass or fossils; mine…
sediment
unconsolidated materials deposited by wind, water, or ice; ma…
30 terms
Tectonics
Hotspot
Divergent Boundary
Continental margin
Magnitude
a tectonic feature where a stationary & narrow stream of abno…
boundary between tectonic plates in which the two plates move…
a boundary between continental crust and oceanic crust
the strength of an earthquake
Hotspot
a tectonic feature where a stationary & narrow stream of abno…
Divergent Boundary
boundary between tectonic plates in which the two plates move…
26 terms
Tectonics
Hotspot
Divergent Boundary
Continental margin
Magnitude
a tectonic feature where a stationary & narrow stream of abno…
boundary between tectonic plates in which the two plates move…
a boundary between continental crust and oceanic crust
the strength of an earthquake
Hotspot
a tectonic feature where a stationary & narrow stream of abno…
Divergent Boundary
boundary between tectonic plates in which the two plates move…
43 terms
Tectonics
DIRECT evidence from rock samples.... IND…
Drill deep down into the interior of t…
The samples help them make INFERENCES…
Earthquakes
What are the two main types of evidence geologists use to lea…
HOW do they get evidence from Rock Samples?
What do the rock samples help the Geologists do?
What produces seismic waves?
DIRECT evidence from rock samples.... IND…
What are the two main types of evidence geologists use to lea…
Drill deep down into the interior of t…
HOW do they get evidence from Rock Samples?
10 terms
Tectonics
divergent boundary
convergent boundary
transform boundary
subduction
A line between tectonic plates that is spreading apart over t…
A line between tectonic plates that is pushing together over…
A line between tectonic plates that is sliding apart over time.
the sideways and downward movement of a tectonic plate into t…
divergent boundary
A line between tectonic plates that is spreading apart over t…
convergent boundary
A line between tectonic plates that is pushing together over…
98 terms
Tectonics***
Tectonics - definition*
Thrust (contractional) tectonics
Strike-slip tectonics
Extensional tectonics
processes which control the structure and properties of the E…
Compressional stress
a common mode of deformation in both continental and oceanic…
associated with the stretching and thinning of the crust or l…
Tectonics - definition*
processes which control the structure and properties of the E…
Thrust (contractional) tectonics
Compressional stress
10 terms
Tectonics
constructive boundary
destructive boundary
conservative boundary
subduction
Two plates moving apart and magma filling the gaps.
Oceanic plate sub ducted under the continental.
Two plates sliding past each other causing earthquakes.
the sideways and downward movement of a tectonic plate into t…
constructive boundary
Two plates moving apart and magma filling the gaps.
destructive boundary
Oceanic plate sub ducted under the continental.
25 terms
Tectonics
Epicentre
Focus
Constructive margin.
Constructive margin.
Location on the earth's crust above the focus, where the shoc…
Location inside the crust where the earthquake begins.
When tectonic plates move apart and new crust is created.
The Mid-Atlantic Ridge.
Epicentre
Location on the earth's crust above the focus, where the shoc…
Focus
Location inside the crust where the earthquake begins.
76 terms
Tectonics
A'a
Acid/dome volcancoes
Aftershock
Andesitic/acid lavas
Lava flows with jagged, rough or 'clinkery' surfaces
Steep-sided convex codes, consisting of viscous lava, which i…
A minor earthquake or tremor following a larger and more powe…
Lava with high silica content. Has a high viscosity. This oft…
A'a
Lava flows with jagged, rough or 'clinkery' surfaces
Acid/dome volcancoes
Steep-sided convex codes, consisting of viscous lava, which i…
50 terms
Tectonics
movement of one plate under another
super continent
rock age range grand canyon
what type of animals live in volcanic…
subduction
Pangea
4 billion years
extremophiles
movement of one plate under another
subduction
super continent
Pangea
25 terms
Tectonics
Oceanic Crust
Continental Crust
Distribution of the Tectonic Plates
Destructive Margins
Newer - most less than 200 million years old.... Denser.... Can Sin…
Older - most over 1500 million years old.... Less Dense.... Can't s…
Where the tectonic plates meet are on coast lines and surroun…
Plates move together (converge).... Convection currents move dow…
Oceanic Crust
Newer - most less than 200 million years old.... Denser.... Can Sin…
Continental Crust
Older - most over 1500 million years old.... Less Dense.... Can't s…
15 terms
Tectonics
inner core
outer core
mantle
continental crust
A dense sphere of solid iron and nickel at the center of Earth
A layer of molten iron and nickel that surrounds the inner co…
The layer of hot, solid material between Earth's crust and co…
The portion of the earth's crust that primarily contains gran…
inner core
A dense sphere of solid iron and nickel at the center of Earth
outer core
A layer of molten iron and nickel that surrounds the inner co…
12 terms
Tectonics
faults
plates
tension
compression
Breaks in Earth's crust where rocks have slipped past each ot…
The Earth's crust is divided into large pieces
A force that pulls on the plates of the Earth's crust causing…
A force that pushes on the plates of Earth's crust causing th…
faults
Breaks in Earth's crust where rocks have slipped past each ot…
plates
The Earth's crust is divided into large pieces
40 terms
Tectonics
Difference between continental and oce…
Destructive boundry eg
Collision boundry eg
Conservative boundry eg
oceanic are denser, thinner and more easily destroyed
Philippines under Eurasion
Indian Plate and Eurasian Plate
Caribbean and North American
Difference between continental and oce…
oceanic are denser, thinner and more easily destroyed
Destructive boundry eg
Philippines under Eurasion
25 terms
tectonics
Lithosphere
Inner Core
Outer Core
Mantle
A rigid layer made up of the uppermost part of the mantle and…
the molten core of the Earth.
A layer of molten iron and nickel that surrounds the inner co…
The layer of hot, solid material between Earth's crust and co…
Lithosphere
A rigid layer made up of the uppermost part of the mantle and…
Inner Core
the molten core of the Earth.
13 terms
tectonics
lithosphere
asthenosphere
tectonic plate
deformation
The lithosphere is the solid outer section of Earth, which in…
The asthenosphere (from Greek ἀσθενής asthenḗs 'weak' + "sphe…
A tectonic plate (also called lithospheric plate) is a massiv…
the action or process of changing in shape or distorting, esp…
lithosphere
The lithosphere is the solid outer section of Earth, which in…
asthenosphere
The asthenosphere (from Greek ἀσθενής asthenḗs 'weak' + "sphe…
11 terms
Tectonics
Pangaea
seafloor spreading
divergent boundaries
convergent boundaries
supercontinent
continents move because new oceanic floor forms
plates separate constructive boundaries; Oceanic, Continental
plates collide destructive boundaries; continental rifting, o…
Pangaea
supercontinent
seafloor spreading
continents move because new oceanic floor forms
29 terms
Tectonics
ash cloud
Collision Margin
composite volcano
Conservative margin
a cloud of volcanic ash occurring during and after an eruptio…
Where two tectonic plates (continental plates) are colliding
a steep sided, cone-shaped volcano made from sticky acidic lava
where two tectonic plates are moving past each other
ash cloud
a cloud of volcanic ash occurring during and after an eruptio…
Collision Margin
Where two tectonic plates (continental plates) are colliding
10 terms
Tectonics
divergent boundary
convergent boundary
transform boundary
subduction
A line between tectonic plates that is spreading apart over t…
A line between tectonic plates that is pushing together over…
A line between tectonic plates that is sliding apart over tim…
the sideways and downward movement of a tectonic plate into t…
divergent boundary
A line between tectonic plates that is spreading apart over t…
convergent boundary
A line between tectonic plates that is pushing together over…
22 terms
Tectonics
Define tectonic plates
Destructive Margins
Constructive Margins
Conservative Margins
Huge pieces of crust and rigid upper mantle that fit together…
When plates move towards each other... When an oceanic plate me…
When plates move away from each other... Magma rises from the m…
When plates slide past each other, e.g. the west coast of the…
Define tectonic plates
Huge pieces of crust and rigid upper mantle that fit together…
Destructive Margins
When plates move towards each other... When an oceanic plate me…
29 terms
Tectonics
ash cloud
Collision Margin
composite volcano
Conservative margin
a cloud of volcanic ash occurring during and after an eruptio…
Where two tectonic plates (continental plates) are colliding
a steep sided, cone-shaped volcano made from sticky acidic lava
where two tectonic plates are moving past each other
ash cloud
a cloud of volcanic ash occurring during and after an eruptio…
Collision Margin
Where two tectonic plates (continental plates) are colliding
44 terms
Tectonics
Crust
Mantle
Compression
Iron
Outermost layer of Earth
Layer of Earth between the crust and the core
The stress that occurs when forces act to squeeze an object
What is the core mostly made of?
Crust
Outermost layer of Earth
Mantle
Layer of Earth between the crust and the core
11 terms
Tectonics
Pangaea
seafloor spreading
divergent boundaries
convergent boundaries
supercontinent
continents move because new oceanic floor forms
plates separate constructive boundaries; Oceanic, Continental
plates collide destructive boundaries; continental rifting, o…
Pangaea
supercontinent
seafloor spreading
continents move because new oceanic floor forms
25 terms
Tectonics
Epicentre
Focus
Constructive margin.
Constructive margin.
Location on the earth's crust above the focus, where the shoc…
Location inside the crust where the earthquake begins.
When tectonic plates move apart and new crust is created.
The Mid-Atlantic Ridge.
Epicentre
Location on the earth's crust above the focus, where the shoc…
Focus
Location inside the crust where the earthquake begins.
15 terms
TECTONICS
Geologists obtain indirect evidence ab…
What is the correct order (starting fr…
. Most geologists rejected Alfred Wege…
In sea-floor spreading, molten materia…
recording and studying seismic waves.
crust, mantle, outer core, inner core
Wegener could not identify a force that could move the contin…
along mid-ocean ridges
Geologists obtain indirect evidence ab…
recording and studying seismic waves.
What is the correct order (starting fr…
crust, mantle, outer core, inner core
14 terms
Tectonics
Continental Drift
Sea Floor Spreading
Pangaea
Plate Tectonics
The hypothesis that states that the continents once formed a…
The process by which molten material adds new oceanic crust t…
The name of the single landmass that broke apart 200 million…
The theory Stating that pieces of Earth's lithosphere are in…
Continental Drift
The hypothesis that states that the continents once formed a…
Sea Floor Spreading
The process by which molten material adds new oceanic crust t…
42 terms
Tectonics
Name the layers of the Earth from the…
Density of the Earth's layers increase…
Inner Core
Outer Core
Inner core, outer core, mantle, crust.
as you move towards the center.
Center, solid, iron and nickel, up to 10,000 ℉
After inner core, liquid, iron and nickel, Similar to inner c…
Name the layers of the Earth from the…
Inner core, outer core, mantle, crust.
Density of the Earth's layers increase…
as you move towards the center.
20 terms
Tectonics
Hotspots
Convergent
Divergent
Transform
Magma from the mantle erupts through the crust
Plates move towards each other
Plates move away from each other
This is where two plate boundaries slide against each other
Hotspots
Magma from the mantle erupts through the crust
Convergent
Plates move towards each other
47 terms
tectonics
About how old is Earth? What was it ma…
earth layers
crust
lithosphere-
4.6 billion years ago. Made from nebula.
crust... lithosphere-... Asthenosphere... mantle ... outer core ... inner core
oceanic - 5km... continental - 20-60km... earth's radius=6370km
Both the crust and the top of the mantle. Will be rigid
About how old is Earth? What was it ma…
4.6 billion years ago. Made from nebula.
earth layers
crust... lithosphere-... Asthenosphere... mantle ... outer core ... inner core
21 terms
Tectonics
Rock cycle
Physical weathering
Chemical weathering
Deposition
...
...
...
...
Rock cycle
...
Physical weathering
...
13 terms
Tectonics
seismic hazards
volcanic hazards
intra-plate earthquakes
volcano
generated when rocks within the Earth's surface come under st…
associated with eruption events.
occur in the middle of tectonic plates and are rarer than bou…
a landform that develops around a weakness in the crust from…
seismic hazards
generated when rocks within the Earth's surface come under st…
volcanic hazards
associated with eruption events.
Tectonics
Palaeomagnetism
MDR
Batholis
Hot spot volcanoes
Magnetism in rocks that was induced by the earths magnetic fi…
mid oceanic range
Sections of volcanic rock that has risen, but never enough to…
Occurs in a centre of a plate. They occur due to a mantle plu…
Palaeomagnetism
Magnetism in rocks that was induced by the earths magnetic fi…
MDR
mid oceanic range
7 terms
Tectonics
tectonics
plate
lithosphere
100m /3C°
Science of plates
Part of lithosphere
The crust and the uppermost solid part of mantle
The average number of geothermal gradient
tectonics
Science of plates
plate
Part of lithosphere
8 terms
TECTONICS
Causes of volcanic eruption
Effects of volcanic eruption
Causes of earthquake
Effects of earthquake
Montserrat:... 1. Souffriere Hills - 1997... 2. Destructive boundar…
Monserrat:... 1. 19 killed from pyroclastic flows ... 2. People lef…
Izmit: ... 1. 17 Aug 1999... 2. 7.4 Richter scale ... 3. Eurasian pala…
Izmit:... 1. 15,000 killed, 24,000 injured as people trapped in…
Causes of volcanic eruption
Montserrat:... 1. Souffriere Hills - 1997... 2. Destructive boundar…
Effects of volcanic eruption
Monserrat:... 1. 19 killed from pyroclastic flows ... 2. People lef…
11 terms
Tectonics
Conservative boundary
Divergent boundary
Convergent boundary
Earthquakes
A boundary where the movement of the plates is parallel to th…
A boundary where the plates are moving apart (Warn et al, 2008)
A boundary where the plates are moving together (Warn et al,…
A sudden release of energy in the earth's crust, leading to g…
Conservative boundary
A boundary where the movement of the plates is parallel to th…
Divergent boundary
A boundary where the plates are moving apart (Warn et al, 2008)
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