How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Study sets matching "term:46 = how many chromosomes are humans made up of?"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "term:46 = how many chromosomes are humans made up of?"

13 terms
Chromosomes Quiz
Chromosome
Chromosome function
Where is the Chromosome located?
Chromosome structure
made up of DNA and proteins
to carry genetic information
located in the nucleus
centromere, sister chromatid
Chromosome
made up of DNA and proteins
Chromosome function
to carry genetic information
36 terms
SWS after Mitosis
Prophase
Metaphase
Prophase
Chromosome
The first phase of mitosis
DNA is all coiled up tight
Prophase
The first phase of mitosis
Metaphase
11 terms
chromosomes
chromosomes
chromatid
centromere
somatic cell
coils of dan and proteins
two exact copies of dna that make up a chromosome
where the 2 chromatids attach
any cell other than the sperm or egg cell
chromosomes
coils of dan and proteins
chromatid
two exact copies of dna that make up a chromosome
8 terms
Science~Lesson 2~Pg. 58~How are traits passed on?~
DNA
chromosomes
Genes
Inherited
Instructions for organisms traits can be found in its __.
(located in the nucleus) are made up of DNA, which are made u…
___ are a base of based pairs (rungs). These "rungs" make up…
Genes are ____ from parents and make an organism what it is,…
DNA
Instructions for organisms traits can be found in its __.
chromosomes
(located in the nucleus) are made up of DNA, which are made u…
18 terms
Science - Interactive Life Science Ch.4 - Lesson 4: Chromosomes and Inheritance
That chromosomes are the key to learni…
Sex cells have exactly half the number…
Alleles come in pair, one from each pa…
Chromosome Theory of Inheritance
What was geneticist's, Walter Sutton, hypothesis about sex ce…
How does the number of chromosomes in grasshopper sex cells c…
How is the inheritance of chromosomes similar to what you kno…
According to what theory do genes pass from parents to their…
That chromosomes are the key to learni…
What was geneticist's, Walter Sutton, hypothesis about sex ce…
Sex cells have exactly half the number…
How does the number of chromosomes in grasshopper sex cells c…
26 terms
Chromosomes
How many feet of DNA do our cells have
chromosomes are
karyotype
how do you make a chromosome in your c…
8 feet
safe bundles of DNA that allow you to move them safely throug…
proteins called histones wrap the DNA around the histone ... The…
How many feet of DNA do our cells have
8 feet
chromosomes are
safe bundles of DNA that allow you to move them safely throug…
61 terms
Cell Reproduction
chromosomes
DNA & Histones
deoxyribonucleic acid
macromolecule... monomers (nucleotides)
found in nucleus of eukaryotic cells, and found in all ... proka…
Chromosomes are made of 2 things, what are they
What does DNA stand for?
DNA is a ___________ made of ___________ (______)
chromosomes
found in nucleus of eukaryotic cells, and found in all ... proka…
DNA & Histones
Chromosomes are made of 2 things, what are they
18 terms
Ch.4 - Lesson 4: Chromosomes and Inheritance
That chromosomes are the key to learni…
Sex cells have exactly half the number…
Alleles come in pair, one from each pa…
Chromosome Theory of Inheritance
What was geneticist's, Walter Sutton, hypothesis about sex ce…
How does the number of chromosomes in grasshopper sex cells c…
How is the inheritance of chromosomes similar to what you kno…
According to what theory do genes pass from parents to their…
That chromosomes are the key to learni…
What was geneticist's, Walter Sutton, hypothesis about sex ce…
Sex cells have exactly half the number…
How does the number of chromosomes in grasshopper sex cells c…
8 terms
Identify the number of Chromosomes
How many chromosomes in a human somati…
How many chromosomes in a human gamete?
How many chromosomes in a human sperm?
How many chromosomes in a human egg?
46 Chromosomes are in a human somatic cell
23 Chromosomes are in a human gamete
23 Chromosomes are in a human sperm
23 Chromosomes in a human egg
How many chromosomes in a human somati…
46 Chromosomes are in a human somatic cell
How many chromosomes in a human gamete?
23 Chromosomes are in a human gamete
14 terms
Human Genetics
karyotype
nondisjunction
autosomes
sex chromosome
The complete set of two chromosomes grouped together in pairs…
When chromosomes do not separate correctly during meiosis.
The 44 chromosomes that are not the sex chromosomes.
The last 2 chromosomes, male XY, and female XX.
karyotype
The complete set of two chromosomes grouped together in pairs…
nondisjunction
When chromosomes do not separate correctly during meiosis.
17 terms
Biology - Chromosomes Review
Asexual Reproduction
Gene
Centromere
Chromatid
only one parent, no exchange of DNA, results in identical off…
Segment of DNA that codes for a specific protein
holds the two sister chromatids together
two exact copies of DNA that make up a chromosome, held toget…
Asexual Reproduction
only one parent, no exchange of DNA, results in identical off…
Gene
Segment of DNA that codes for a specific protein
25 terms
Chromosomes, Mitosis, Meiosis
Prophase
Interphase
Metaphase
Anaphase
What phase is this?
What phase is seen here?
What phase is this?
What phase is this?
Prophase
What phase is this?
Interphase
What phase is seen here?
12 terms
Meiosis and Genetics Review
meiosis
gametes
zygote
homologous chromosomes
Cell division that produces unique daughter cells with half t…
Sperm and egg cells, have 23 chromosomes in humans
Newly fertilized egg, has 46 chromosomes (in human)
a pair of chromosomes with the same genes, same size, and sam…
meiosis
Cell division that produces unique daughter cells with half t…
gametes
Sperm and egg cells, have 23 chromosomes in humans
11 terms
DNA and Genetics
Adenine & Thymine & Guanine & Cytosine
Chromosomes
23
46
The base pairs are?
Made up of DNA strands
How many PAIRS of chromosomes does a human have?
How many CHROMOSOMES does a human have?
Adenine & Thymine & Guanine & Cytosine
The base pairs are?
Chromosomes
Made up of DNA strands
32 terms
Chromosomes
Chromosomes
A segment of DNA that codes for a prot…
How a person's body develops and funct…
A supercoil of DNA
Eukaryotes form this before cell division
Gene
Genes play a role in...
Chromosome
Chromosomes
Eukaryotes form this before cell division
A segment of DNA that codes for a prot…
Gene
19 terms
Creating a New Life Notes
all human body cells contain how many…
chromosomes are wound up
each chromosome contains many
genes are segments of
46
DNA
genes
DNA
all human body cells contain how many…
46
chromosomes are wound up
DNA
20 terms
Mitosis/Meiosis
Mitosis
meiosis
interphase
prophase
The process in which one cell duplicates and divides to from…
process of one sex cell dividing into four new sex cells
Period of growth and development. Chromosomes duplicate.
chromatids pair up into chromosomes. spindle fibers and centr…
Mitosis
The process in which one cell duplicates and divides to from…
meiosis
process of one sex cell dividing into four new sex cells
71 terms
Chromosomes, Cell Cycle and Mitosis
Chromatids
Chromatids
Chromosome
Chromosome
Identical arms of a chromosome
What are the arrows pointing to?
Threadlike structures inside the nucleus. They are composed o…
Identify the structure
Chromatids
Identical arms of a chromosome
Chromatids
What are the arrows pointing to?
11 terms
Benchmark review
46 or 23 pairs
DNA
2
1
How many chromosomes do humans have?
Chromosomes are made up of this genetic material?
Sexual Reproduction requires how many parents?
Asexual reproduction involves how many parents?
46 or 23 pairs
How many chromosomes do humans have?
DNA
Chromosomes are made up of this genetic material?
72 terms
Cell Bio L10: Chromosomes and Cell Division
Human body has how many cells
Most cells contain a
Within each nucleus there are a set of
Chromatin consists of an extremely lon…
50 trillion cells
nucleus
46 chromosomes made up of chromatin
histones
Human body has how many cells
50 trillion cells
Most cells contain a
nucleus
Unit 5
where are genes located
DNA stands for
Human cells have how many chromosomes
sex cell has how many chromosomes
chromosomes
Deoxyribonucleic acid
46
23
where are genes located
chromosomes
DNA stands for
Deoxyribonucleic acid
20 terms
chromosomes
DNA
tightly packed DNA
DNA wrapped around proteins called his…
46
_______ is replicated (copied) before a cell can divide
chromosomes
chromatin
How many chromosomes are in humans?
DNA
_______ is replicated (copied) before a cell can divide
tightly packed DNA
chromosomes
29 terms
Chromosomes: 2014
chromosome
homologous chromosomes
23
gamete
A large structure made of DNA and proteins
chromosomes that carry the same genes (maternal and paternal…
the number of homologous pairs in humans
reproductive cells (e.g. eggs and sperm)
chromosome
A large structure made of DNA and proteins
homologous chromosomes
chromosomes that carry the same genes (maternal and paternal…
12 terms
Cell Cycle (Pictures)
Interphase
Interphase 2
Prophase
Metaphase
Interphase
Interphase 2
145 terms
Cell Division end of unit review
binary fission
asexual
mitosis
binary fission
Cell division in bacteria is called ___ .
Budding is a form of_____ reproduction.
What process is responsible for the creation of the daughter…
What process is this?
binary fission
Cell division in bacteria is called ___ .
asexual
Budding is a form of_____ reproduction.
10 terms
Mitosis
Chromosomes
How many chromosomes are in human cells?
Nucleus
Interphase
Consist of DNA folded up with proteins
23 pairs of chromosomes, or 46 total.
Contains the chromosomes
The cell grows, duplicates its chromosomes (DNA), and makes m…
Chromosomes
Consist of DNA folded up with proteins
How many chromosomes are in human cells?
23 pairs of chromosomes, or 46 total.
63 terms
Mitosis
Prophase
Metaphase
Prophase
Chromosome
The first phase of mitosis
DNA is all coiled up tight
Prophase
The first phase of mitosis
Metaphase
67 terms
Chapter 8- Cell Reproduction
Molecules of DNA that are long, thin t…
Double helix
Bacteria
Continuous loop, or a circle
What are chromosomes made out of?
What is the shape of DNA?
Prokaryotic cells
In prokaryotic cells, the double helix is fashioned into a...
Molecules of DNA that are long, thin t…
What are chromosomes made out of?
Double helix
What is the shape of DNA?
75 terms
BIOLOGY cell reproduction, chromosomes, meiosis, meitosis
Growth
Development
Chromosome
Where are chromosomes located
Change in size
Change in form
Threadlike structures in a cell that contain genetic info tha…
Cell's nucleus
Growth
Change in size
Development
Change in form
46 terms
7th grade science mitosis and meiosis
23
46
Mitosis
Centromere
As a result of Meiosis in the human body, the nucleus of each…
The number of chromosomes found in human body cell is
Anaphase, metaphase, and prophase are all stages of___
The center or attachment point for the sister chromatids is c…
23
As a result of Meiosis in the human body, the nucleus of each…
46
The number of chromosomes found in human body cell is
38 terms
Pearson 10 Chapter 1 - DNA and Genetics
deoxyribonucleic acid
DNA
Nucleotides
Phosphate and deoxyribose sugar
What is DNA short for?
This is a nucleic acid with deoxyribose sugar and phosphate a…
What are the building blocks of DNA and the molecule that con…
What are the alternating uprights of a double helix ladder ma…
deoxyribonucleic acid
What is DNA short for?
DNA
This is a nucleic acid with deoxyribose sugar and phosphate a…
11 terms
Ch. 4-3 The Cell & Inheritance
Walter Sutton
Chromosome theory of inheritance
meiosis
cells divide how many times
He studied chromosomes.
genes are carried from parent to their offspring on the chrom…
process by which the number of chromosomes is 1/2 to form sex…
twice
Walter Sutton
He studied chromosomes.
Chromosome theory of inheritance
genes are carried from parent to their offspring on the chrom…
46 terms
7th grade science mitosis and meiosis
23
46
Mitosis
Centromere
As a result of Meiosis in the human body, the nucleus of each…
The number of chromosomes found in human body cell is
Anaphase, metaphase, and prophase are all stages of___
The center or attachment point for the sister chromatids is c…
23
As a result of Meiosis in the human body, the nucleus of each…
46
The number of chromosomes found in human body cell is
65 terms
ch 13 meiosis and sexual life cycles
heredity
variation
genetics
what is it that children inherit
transmission from one generation to the next
demonstrated by differences in appearance that offspring show…
study of heredity and variation
genes
heredity
transmission from one generation to the next
variation
demonstrated by differences in appearance that offspring show…
13 terms
Mitosis and Meiosis
Mitosis
How many cells are are created at the…
Prophase
Metaphase
The process of making two identical cells for growth and deve…
Two identical are produced from mitosis
First step in mitosis. Chromosomes condense
Second step in mitosis. Chromosomes line up in the middle.
Mitosis
The process of making two identical cells for growth and deve…
How many cells are are created at the…
Two identical are produced from mitosis
27 terms
Mitosis and Meiosis-8D
In nucleus of each cell
Condensed DNA molecule
A gene
DNA
Where is genetic material stored?
A chromosome is made up of
A single unit of heredity information that codes for a trait…
Heredity material responsible for passing traits to offspring
In nucleus of each cell
Where is genetic material stored?
Condensed DNA molecule
A chromosome is made up of
19 terms
chromosomes
chromosome
chromatin
chromatids
centromere
compact structure of coiled up DNA that occurs during cell di…
long thin strands of DNA
chromosomes consisting of 2 identical halves
the center point (attachment) of 2 chromatids
chromosome
compact structure of coiled up DNA that occurs during cell di…
chromatin
long thin strands of DNA
14 terms
DNA Review
Chromosomes are made of
All living things have at least _____…
Your body has ________ of cells
Chromosomes are found in the _________…
DNA
1
trillions
nucleus
Chromosomes are made of
DNA
All living things have at least _____…
1
90 terms
Bio_Ch8_REAL
cell theory
2 types of cell division
mitosis general
why does mitosis occur?
cells are the basic building blocks of living things... all livi…
mitosis... meiosis
produces two genetically identical daughter cells
to replace dead/nonfunctional cells... for growth of an organism…
cell theory
cells are the basic building blocks of living things... all livi…
2 types of cell division
mitosis... meiosis
54 terms
Cell Division Review (From Mrs S)
cell cycle
Four phases of cell division
What is mitosis?
First part of cell cycle....
the sequence of events from the birth of a eukaryotic cell to…
Interphase... 1) G1 (first gap phase)... 2) S phase... 3) G2 (secon…
Division of cell's nucleus ... *Only in somatic cells (body cells)
Interphase (longest phase)
cell cycle
the sequence of events from the birth of a eukaryotic cell to…
Four phases of cell division
Interphase... 1) G1 (first gap phase)... 2) S phase... 3) G2 (secon…
23 terms
Meiosis and Genetics for MA
chromosomes
chromatids
meiosis
gametes
Long DNA molecules that can be wound very tightly, many genes…
One half of a duplicated chromosome
Cell division that produces unique daughter cells with half t…
Sperm and egg cells, have 23 chromosomes in human
chromosomes
Long DNA molecules that can be wound very tightly, many genes…
chromatids
One half of a duplicated chromosome
15 terms
Cells, Chromosomes, Genes, DNA
Gene
Chromosome
Body Cell
DNA
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
Rod shaped structures found in the nucleus of the cell.
What makes up living things. It holds 46 chromosomes in its n…
A long molecule that holds all of the genetic information in…
Gene
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
Chromosome
Rod shaped structures found in the nucleus of the cell.
22 terms
Cell Division: page 1 (22 cards)
2
centromere
karyotype
replicated
This is a single chromosome made up of ____ (identical) DNA…
A _____ is the region on the chromosome that joins 2 sister c…
A _____ is a picture that shows all the chromosomes (arranged…
When a chromosome is in the "X" shape, it indicates that the…
2
This is a single chromosome made up of ____ (identical) DNA…
centromere
A _____ is the region on the chromosome that joins 2 sister c…
44 terms
Human Genetics, Meiosis
karyotype
nondisjunction
autosomes
sex chromosome
The complete set of two chromosomes grouped together in pairs…
When chromosomes do not separate correctly during meiosis.
The 44 chromosomes that are not the sex chromosomes.
The last 2 chromosomes, male XY, and female XX.
karyotype
The complete set of two chromosomes grouped together in pairs…
nondisjunction
When chromosomes do not separate correctly during meiosis.
14 terms
Yr 9 Genes Chromosomes and DNA
Variation
Inherited characteristics
Environmental characteristics
Continuous variation
Differences between organisms of the same species.
These are features that you get from your parents in your DNA…
These are achieved during your lifetime e.g. an accent, scars
This is when you have a range of data (numbers) e.g. height h…
Variation
Differences between organisms of the same species.
Inherited characteristics
These are features that you get from your parents in your DNA…
20 terms
bio 10.2
mitosis
cytokinesis
chromatid
centromere
part of eukaryotic cell division during which the cell nucleu…
division of the cytoplasm during cell division
one of two identical "sister" parts of a duplicated chromosome
area where the chromatids of a chromosome are attached
mitosis
part of eukaryotic cell division during which the cell nucleu…
cytokinesis
division of the cytoplasm during cell division
8 terms
Chromosomes
Where are chromosomes found?
What is contained in the nucleus?
How many chromosomes are there in a hu…
What molecules are chromosomes made of?
The nucleus
Chromosomes
46
DNA
Where are chromosomes found?
The nucleus
What is contained in the nucleus?
Chromosomes
12 terms
Cell Cycle Chapter 9
Chromatin
Chromosomes
# of chromosomes in the human body
Karyotype
Long strands (pieces) of DNA wrapped around proteins
These structures are in the nucleus and carry genetic informa…
46 Chromosomes (23 pairs) Somatic Cells... 23 Chromosomes in sex…
Chart of human chromosome pairs... Helps scientists find a chrom…
Chromatin
Long strands (pieces) of DNA wrapped around proteins
Chromosomes
These structures are in the nucleus and carry genetic informa…
19 terms
traits
acquired trait
What are two examples of acquired traits
Manipulated traits
chromosomes
a characteristic that a living thing develops after it is bor…
!. The pink color of a flamingo... 2. Learning how to skateboard
People change traits on purpose... Example : changing your hair…
short , thick coils of DNA
acquired trait
a characteristic that a living thing develops after it is bor…
What are two examples of acquired traits
!. The pink color of a flamingo... 2. Learning how to skateboard
18 terms
Science - Interactive Life Science Ch.4 - Lesson 4: Chromosomes and Inheritance
That chromosomes are the key to learni…
Sex cells have exactly half the number…
Alleles come in pair, one from each pa…
Chromosome Theory of Inheritance
What was geneticist's, Walter Sutton, hypothesis about sex ce…
How does the number of chromosomes in grasshopper sex cells c…
How is the inheritance of chromosomes similar to what you kno…
According to what theory do genes pass from parents to their…
That chromosomes are the key to learni…
What was geneticist's, Walter Sutton, hypothesis about sex ce…
Sex cells have exactly half the number…
How does the number of chromosomes in grasshopper sex cells c…
1 of 10