Study sets matching "term:46 = how many chromosomes are humans made up of?"

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Study sets matching "term:46 = how many chromosomes are humans made up of?"

Science~Lesson 2~Pg. 58~How are traits passed on?~
DNA
chromosomes
Genes
Inherited
Instructions for organisms traits can be found in its __.
(located in the nucleus) are made up of DNA, which are made u…
___ are a base of based pairs (rungs). These "rungs" make up…
Genes are ____ from parents and make an organism what it is,…
DNA
Instructions for organisms traits can be found in its __.
chromosomes
(located in the nucleus) are made up of DNA, which are made u…
Chromosomes
How many feet of DNA do our cells have
chromosomes are
karyotype
how do you make a chromosome in your c…
8 feet
safe bundles of DNA that allow you to move them safely throug…
proteins called histones wrap the DNA around the histone ... The…
How many feet of DNA do our cells have
8 feet
chromosomes are
safe bundles of DNA that allow you to move them safely throug…
18 terms
Science - Interactive Life Science Ch.4 - Lesson 4: Chromosomes and Inheritance
That chromosomes are the key to learni…
Sex cells have exactly half the number…
Alleles come in pair, one from each pa…
Chromosome Theory of Inheritance
What was geneticist's, Walter Sutton, hypothesis about sex ce…
How does the number of chromosomes in grasshopper sex cells c…
How is the inheritance of chromosomes similar to what you kno…
According to what theory do genes pass from parents to their…
That chromosomes are the key to learni…
What was geneticist's, Walter Sutton, hypothesis about sex ce…
Sex cells have exactly half the number…
How does the number of chromosomes in grasshopper sex cells c…
71 terms
Chromosomes, Cell Cycle and Mitosis
Chromatids
Chromatids
Chromosome
Chromosome
Identical arms of a chromosome
What are the arrows pointing to?
Threadlike structures inside the nucleus. They are composed o…
Identify the structure
Chromatids
Identical arms of a chromosome
Chromatids
What are the arrows pointing to?
36 terms
SWS after Mitosis
Prophase
Metaphase
Prophase
Chromosome
The first phase of mitosis
DNA is all coiled up tight
Prophase
The first phase of mitosis
Metaphase
Graves Midterm Review Mitosis/Meiosis
Meisosis
Mitosis
2
1
Is this mitosis or meiosis?
Is this mitosis or meiosis?
How many divisions are in meiosis?
How many divisions in mitosis
Meisosis
Is this mitosis or meiosis?
Mitosis
Is this mitosis or meiosis?
29 terms
Chromosomes: 2014
chromosome
homologous chromosomes
23
gamete
A large structure made of DNA and proteins
chromosomes that carry the same genes (maternal and paternal…
the number of homologous pairs in humans
reproductive cells (e.g. eggs and sperm)
chromosome
A large structure made of DNA and proteins
homologous chromosomes
chromosomes that carry the same genes (maternal and paternal…
13 terms
Chromosomes Quiz
Chromosome
Chromosome function
Where is the Chromosome located?
Chromosome structure
made up of DNA and proteins
to carry genetic information
located in the nucleus
centromere, sister chromatid
Chromosome
made up of DNA and proteins
Chromosome function
to carry genetic information
18 terms
Ch.4 - Lesson 4: Chromosomes and Inheritance
That chromosomes are the key to learni…
Sex cells have exactly half the number…
Alleles come in pair, one from each pa…
Chromosome Theory of Inheritance
What was geneticist's, Walter Sutton, hypothesis about sex ce…
How does the number of chromosomes in grasshopper sex cells c…
How is the inheritance of chromosomes similar to what you kno…
According to what theory do genes pass from parents to their…
That chromosomes are the key to learni…
What was geneticist's, Walter Sutton, hypothesis about sex ce…
Sex cells have exactly half the number…
How does the number of chromosomes in grasshopper sex cells c…
32 terms
Chromosomes
Chromosomes
A segment of DNA that codes for a prot…
How a person's body develops and funct…
A supercoil of DNA
Eukaryotes form this before cell division
Gene
Genes play a role in...
Chromosome
Chromosomes
Eukaryotes form this before cell division
A segment of DNA that codes for a prot…
Gene
11 terms
chromosomes
chromosomes
chromatid
centromere
somatic cell
coils of dan and proteins
two exact copies of dna that make up a chromosome
where the 2 chromatids attach
any cell other than the sperm or egg cell
chromosomes
coils of dan and proteins
chromatid
two exact copies of dna that make up a chromosome
14 terms
Human Genetics
karyotype
nondisjunction
autosomes
sex chromosome
The complete set of two chromosomes grouped together in pairs…
When chromosomes do not separate correctly during meiosis.
The 44 chromosomes that are not the sex chromosomes.
The last 2 chromosomes, male XY, and female XX.
karyotype
The complete set of two chromosomes grouped together in pairs…
nondisjunction
When chromosomes do not separate correctly during meiosis.
How genes and chromosomes are organised
Chromosome arrangement
How many pairs of chromosomes do Human…
Sex cells
How many chromosomes in total does eac…
pairs
23
Eggs (ova) and sperm
23
Chromosome arrangement
pairs
How many pairs of chromosomes do Human…
23
25 terms
Chromosomes, Mitosis, Meiosis
Prophase
Interphase
Metaphase
Anaphase
What phase is this?
What phase is seen here?
What phase is this?
What phase is this?
Prophase
What phase is this?
Interphase
What phase is seen here?
20 terms
chromosomes
DNA
tightly packed DNA
DNA wrapped around proteins called his…
46
_______ is replicated (copied) before a cell can divide
chromosomes
chromatin
How many chromosomes are in humans?
DNA
_______ is replicated (copied) before a cell can divide
tightly packed DNA
chromosomes
30 terms
Miller and Levine Biology Chapter 11.4
allele
diploid
haploid
Meiosis
different forms of a gene
containing two sets of chromosomes (2n), one set inherited fr…
containing only one set of chromosomes (n).
leads to gamete production
allele
different forms of a gene
diploid
containing two sets of chromosomes (2n), one set inherited fr…
17 terms
Biology - Chromosomes Review
Asexual Reproduction
Gene
Centromere
Chromatid
only one parent, no exchange of DNA, results in identical off…
Segment of DNA that codes for a specific protein
holds the two sister chromatids together
two exact copies of DNA that make up a chromosome, held toget…
Asexual Reproduction
only one parent, no exchange of DNA, results in identical off…
Gene
Segment of DNA that codes for a specific protein
30 terms
Miller and Levine Biology Chapter 11.4
allele
diploid
haploid
Meiosis
different forms of a gene
containing two sets of chromosomes (2n), one set inherited fr…
containing only one set of chromosomes (n).
leads to gamete production
allele
different forms of a gene
diploid
containing two sets of chromosomes (2n), one set inherited fr…
26 terms
mitosis
! metaphase
! anaphase
! prophase
! spindle fibers
! What phase is shown here?
! What phase is shown here?
! What phase is this now that the DNA has started to condense?
! what are the thin hair like fibers surrounding the sister c…
! metaphase
! What phase is shown here?
! anaphase
! What phase is shown here?
14 terms
Human Genetics
karyotype
nondisjunction
autosomes
sex chromosome
The complete set of two chromosomes grouped together in pairs…
When chromosomes do not separate correctly during meiosis.
The 44 chromosomes that are not the sex chromosomes.
The last 2 chromosomes, male XY, and female XX.
karyotype
The complete set of two chromosomes grouped together in pairs…
nondisjunction
When chromosomes do not separate correctly during meiosis.
Meiosis and Genetics Review
meiosis
gametes
zygote
homologous chromosomes
Cell division that produces unique daughter cells with half t…
Sperm and egg cells, have 23 chromosomes in humans
Newly fertilized egg, has 46 chromosomes (in human)
a pair of chromosomes with the same genes, same size, and sam…
meiosis
Cell division that produces unique daughter cells with half t…
gametes
Sperm and egg cells, have 23 chromosomes in humans
BIOLOGY cell reproduction, chromosomes, meiosis, meitosis
Growth
Development
Chromosome
Where are chromosomes located
Change in size
Change in form
Threadlike structures in a cell that contain genetic info tha…
Cell's nucleus
Growth
Change in size
Development
Change in form
44 terms
Cell cycle #1
Prophase
Metaphase
Anaphase
Telophase
Prophase
Metaphase
Identify the number of Chromosomes
How many chromosomes in a human somati…
How many chromosomes in a human gamete?
How many chromosomes in a human sperm?
How many chromosomes in a human egg?
46 Chromosomes are in a human somatic cell
23 Chromosomes are in a human gamete
23 Chromosomes are in a human sperm
23 Chromosomes in a human egg
How many chromosomes in a human somati…
46 Chromosomes are in a human somatic cell
How many chromosomes in a human gamete?
23 Chromosomes are in a human gamete
How genes and chromosomes are arranged
Human chromosomes
Sex cells
Fertilisation: egg + sperm cells =
Genes from same characteristic
23 pairs
23... one from each
zygote... 46 chromosomes
identical positions on each chromosome
Human chromosomes
23 pairs
Sex cells
23... one from each
14 terms
CPBio Ch14 Human Genetics
karyotype
nondisjunction
autosomes
sex chromosome
The complete set of two chromosomes grouped together in pairs…
When chromosomes do not separate correctly during meiosis.
The 44 chromosomes that are not the sex chromosomes.
The last 2 chromosomes, male XY, and female XX.
karyotype
The complete set of two chromosomes grouped together in pairs…
nondisjunction
When chromosomes do not separate correctly during meiosis.
6 terms
3.3 The Cell and Inheritance
chromosome; pairs
genes; parents; offspring
meiosis
separated
in chromosome pairs, one ________ comes from each parent to m…
According to the chromosome theory of inheritance, ________ a…
process in which the number of chromosomes is reduced by half…
In meiosis, sex cells form when chromosome pairs are ________…
chromosome; pairs
in chromosome pairs, one ________ comes from each parent to m…
genes; parents; offspring
According to the chromosome theory of inheritance, ________ a…
19 terms
chromosomes
chromosome
chromatin
chromatids
centromere
compact structure of coiled up DNA that occurs during cell di…
long thin strands of DNA
chromosomes consisting of 2 identical halves
the center point (attachment) of 2 chromatids
chromosome
compact structure of coiled up DNA that occurs during cell di…
chromatin
long thin strands of DNA
145 terms
Cell Division end of unit review
binary fission
asexual
mitosis
binary fission
Cell division in bacteria is called ___ .
Budding is a form of_____ reproduction.
What process is responsible for the creation of the daughter…
What process is this?
binary fission
Cell division in bacteria is called ___ .
asexual
Budding is a form of_____ reproduction.
34 terms
Mitosis
The human body has 23 PAIRS of Chromos…
Karyotype
Haploid Cells, Sex Cells, Gametes
G1, S and G2
How many Chromosomes does the human body have?
A photomicrograph that shows chromosomes.
Sperm and Egg cells are called ______ cells
What are the 3 main phases of interphase?
The human body has 23 PAIRS of Chromos…
How many Chromosomes does the human body have?
Karyotype
A photomicrograph that shows chromosomes.
10 terms
3.4 chromosomes and heredity
meiosis
how do sex cells end up with half the…
Walter Sutton american geneticist
24 chromosomes
the process by which the number of chromosomes is reduced by…
through meiosis
studied the cells of a grass hopper to understand how sex cel…
existed as 12 pairs. 1 chromosome in each pair came from the…
meiosis
the process by which the number of chromosomes is reduced by…
how do sex cells end up with half the…
through meiosis
38 terms
Meiosis Review
46 or 23 pair
gametes
sperm
egg
Number of chromosomes in a human cell
Sex cells are called __________.
Male gamete
Female gamete
46 or 23 pair
Number of chromosomes in a human cell
gametes
Sex cells are called __________.
10 terms
Mitosis
Chromosomes
How many chromosomes are in human cells?
Nucleus
Interphase
Consist of DNA folded up with proteins
23 pairs of chromosomes, or 46 total.
Contains the chromosomes
The cell grows, duplicates its chromosomes (DNA), and makes m…
Chromosomes
Consist of DNA folded up with proteins
How many chromosomes are in human cells?
23 pairs of chromosomes, or 46 total.
38 terms
Pearson 10 Chapter 1 - DNA and Genetics
deoxyribonucleic acid
DNA
Nucleotides
Phosphate and deoxyribose sugar
What is DNA short for?
This is a nucleic acid with deoxyribose sugar and phosphate a…
What are the building blocks of DNA and the molecule that con…
What are the alternating uprights of a double helix ladder ma…
deoxyribonucleic acid
What is DNA short for?
DNA
This is a nucleic acid with deoxyribose sugar and phosphate a…
Ch. 10-11 Cell Reproduction
The human body has 23 PAIRS of Chromos…
Karyotype
Haploid Cells, Sex Cells, Gametes
G1, S and G2
How many Chromosomes does the human body have?
A photomicrograph that shows chromosomes.
Sperm and Egg cells are called ______ cells
What are the 3 main phases of interphase?
The human body has 23 PAIRS of Chromos…
How many Chromosomes does the human body have?
Karyotype
A photomicrograph that shows chromosomes.
72 terms
Cell Bio L10: Chromosomes and Cell Division
Human body has how many cells
Most cells contain a
Within each nucleus there are a set of
Chromatin consists of an extremely lon…
50 trillion cells
nucleus
46 chromosomes made up of chromatin
histones
Human body has how many cells
50 trillion cells
Most cells contain a
nucleus
Ch. 12: Chromosomes
where are eukaryotic chromosomes found?
do the # of chromosomes remain constan…
autosomes
sex chromosomes
nucleus... Condensed and visible during cell division ... At the…
yes, constant for all members of a species. ... exception: sex…
chromosomes that are the same in males and females.... all cell…
basis of sex - human males have XY, females have XX
where are eukaryotic chromosomes found?
nucleus... Condensed and visible during cell division ... At the…
do the # of chromosomes remain constan…
yes, constant for all members of a species. ... exception: sex…
140 terms
Biology LAP 6
chromosomes are found in
chromosomes are made up of
genetic information
two types of proteins
the nucleus
DNA and proteins
DNA
histones and nonhistones
chromosomes are found in
the nucleus
chromosomes are made up of
DNA and proteins
23 terms
Cell Division: page 1 (22 cards)
2
centromere
karyotype
replicated
This is a single chromosome made up of ____ (identical) DNA…
A _____ is the region on the chromosome that joins 2 sister c…
A _____ is a picture that shows all the chromosomes (arranged…
When a chromosome is in the "X" shape, it indicates that the…
2
This is a single chromosome made up of ____ (identical) DNA…
centromere
A _____ is the region on the chromosome that joins 2 sister c…
14 terms
Mitosis
Interphase
Prophase
Metaphase
Anaphase
Interphase
Prophase
63 terms
Mitosis
Prophase
Metaphase
Prophase
Chromosome
The first phase of mitosis
DNA is all coiled up tight
Prophase
The first phase of mitosis
Metaphase
Chapter 8- Cell Reproduction
Molecules of DNA that are long, thin t…
Double helix
Bacteria
Continuous loop, or a circle
What are chromosomes made out of?
What is the shape of DNA?
Prokaryotic cells
In prokaryotic cells, the double helix is fashioned into a...
Molecules of DNA that are long, thin t…
What are chromosomes made out of?
Double helix
What is the shape of DNA?
Science|Human Chromosomes
sex chromosomes
karyotype
autosomes
How many chromosomes do humans have?
the two chromosomes that determine sex
a frozen picture of ones chromosomes
the 44 chromosomes that don't determine sex (aka homologous c…
46
sex chromosomes
the two chromosomes that determine sex
karyotype
a frozen picture of ones chromosomes
21 terms
Chromosomes
Chromosome
During cell division
Histones
Histones
Rod-shaped structures made of DNA and proteins
When are chromosomes visible
Chromosomes Composed of DNA tightly wrapped around proteins c…
Help maintain the shape of the chromosomes and aid in the rig…
Chromosome
Rod-shaped structures made of DNA and proteins
During cell division
When are chromosomes visible
19 terms
Creating a New Life Notes
all human body cells contain how many…
chromosomes are wound up
each chromosome contains many
genes are segments of
46
DNA
genes
DNA
all human body cells contain how many…
46
chromosomes are wound up
DNA
Aim#15 How Are Sex Cells Made?
1) Sperm cells (male)... 2) Egg cells (fe…
1) Body cells... 2) Sex cells
46
23
What are the two types of sex cells?
What are the two types of cells?
How many chromosomes are there in body cells?
How many chromosomes in sex cells?
1) Sperm cells (male)... 2) Egg cells (fe…
What are the two types of sex cells?
1) Body cells... 2) Sex cells
What are the two types of cells?
Chromosomes
Chromosomes
Importance of genes
Body cells
Organism's number of chromosomes
Tiny bodies within any cell's nucleus. Most are rod-shaped an…
They determine the traits of an individual
Cells that are not sperm or egg cells. Chromosomes of this ty…
Each kind of organism has a certain number of chromosomes. Ex…
Chromosomes
Tiny bodies within any cell's nucleus. Most are rod-shaped an…
Importance of genes
They determine the traits of an individual
22 terms
Chromosomes
What are the FOUR parts of a chromosome
Chromatid
Centromere
Long Arm
1. chromatid... 2. centromere... 3. long arm... 4. short arm
one of two identical parts of a chromosome
where two chromatids attach
What are the FOUR parts of a chromosome
1. chromatid... 2. centromere... 3. long arm... 4. short arm
Chromatid
one of two identical parts of a chromosome
24 terms
Chromosomes
Chromosome
Chromatin
Chromatid
Sister chromatids
A structure composed of a DNA molecule and associated proteins
The material that makes up eukaryotic chromosomes; consists o…
One strand of a replicated chromosome, with its associated pr…
The two strands of a replicated chromosome. When chromosomes…
Chromosome
A structure composed of a DNA molecule and associated proteins
Chromatin
The material that makes up eukaryotic chromosomes; consists o…
DNA and Genetics
Adenine & Thymine & Guanine & Cytosine
Chromosomes
23
46
The base pairs are?
Made up of DNA strands
How many PAIRS of chromosomes does a human have?
How many CHROMOSOMES does a human have?
Adenine & Thymine & Guanine & Cytosine
The base pairs are?
Chromosomes
Made up of DNA strands
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