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Study sets matching "term:acids = compounds that release hydrogens in a watery solution"

23 terms
Chemical Interactions: Chapter 3 Acids and Bases in Solution
solution
solvent
solute
colloid
A well-mixed mixture containing a solvent and at least one so…
The part of the solution that is present in the largest amoun…
The part of a solution present in a lesser amount and dissolv…
A mixture containing small, undissolved particles that do not…
solution
A well-mixed mixture containing a solvent and at least one so…
solvent
The part of the solution that is present in the largest amoun…
23 terms
Chemical Interactions: Chapter 3 Acids and Bases in Solution
solution
solvent
solute
colloid
A well-mixed mixture containing a solvent and at least one so…
The part of the solution that is present in the largest amoun…
The part of a solution present in a lesser amount and dissolv…
A mixture containing small, undissolved particles that do not…
solution
A well-mixed mixture containing a solvent and at least one so…
solvent
The part of the solution that is present in the largest amoun…
5 terms
11.4- Acids & Bases in Solution
hydrogen ion
hydroxide ion
pH scale
neutralization
an atom of hydrogen that has lost its electron
a negative ion make of oxygen and hydrogen
determines strength of an acid or base; scale ranges from 0-14
a reaction between an acid and a base
hydrogen ion
an atom of hydrogen that has lost its electron
hydroxide ion
a negative ion make of oxygen and hydrogen
7 terms
Ch 2.2 Properties of Water
adhesion
solution
suspension
acid
the force of attraction between different kinds of molecules
the type of mixture in which all of the components are evenly…
a mixture of water and nondissolved material
a compound that releases hydrogen ions (H+) in solution; a so…
adhesion
the force of attraction between different kinds of molecules
solution
the type of mixture in which all of the components are evenly…
5 terms
Acids & Bases
Acid
Bases
pH scale
Buffers
molecules dissociate in water, releasing hydrogen (H+) ions-…
molecules that take up hydrogen ions or release hydroxide ion…
indicates acidity and basicity (alkalinity) of a solution
keep pH steady and within normal limits in living organisms
Acid
molecules dissociate in water, releasing hydrogen (H+) ions-…
Bases
molecules that take up hydrogen ions or release hydroxide ion…
14 terms
Acids Bases
chemical reaction
precipitate
chemical bond
diatomic
the process by which one or more substances change to produce…
A solid that forms and settles out of a liquid mixture
the force that holds two atoms together
a molecule consisting of two atoms
chemical reaction
the process by which one or more substances change to produce…
precipitate
A solid that forms and settles out of a liquid mixture
13 terms
01/03/2015
Hormones
Antibodies
Immunity
Fluid balance
Chemical messengers. Hormones are secreted by a variety of gl…
Large proteins of the blood and body fluids that are produced…
Specific disease resistance derived from the immune system's…
A distribution of fluid among compartments.
Hormones
Chemical messengers. Hormones are secreted by a variety of gl…
Antibodies
Large proteins of the blood and body fluids that are produced…
10 terms
Acids & Bases
acid
amphoteric
base
binary acid
any compound that increases the number of hydronium ions when…
describes a substance, such as water, that has the properties…
any compound that increases the number of hydroxide ions when…
an acid that does not contain oxygen
acid
any compound that increases the number of hydronium ions when…
amphoteric
describes a substance, such as water, that has the properties…
13 terms
1.3 Properties of Water
hydrogen bond
cohesion
adhesion
mixture
the attraction between a hydrogen atom with a partial positiv…
the attraction between molecules of the same substance
the force of attraction between different kinds of molecules
A combination of two or more substances that are not chemical…
hydrogen bond
the attraction between a hydrogen atom with a partial positiv…
cohesion
the attraction between molecules of the same substance
16 terms
Families of chemical compounds ch. 9
acid
base
electrolyte
pH
A substance that increases the hydrogen ion concentration of…
A substance that decreases the hydrogen ion concentration in…
A solution that conducts electricity
measures the acidity of a solution
acid
A substance that increases the hydrogen ion concentration of…
base
A substance that decreases the hydrogen ion concentration in…
15 terms
Atoms, Elements & Compounds Vocabulary
pH
covalent bond
ionic bond
solvent
measure of concentration of hydrogen ions in a solution
chemical bond that forms when electrons are shared
electrical attraction between two oppositely charged atoms
substance in which another substance is dissolved
pH
measure of concentration of hydrogen ions in a solution
covalent bond
chemical bond that forms when electrons are shared
21 terms
CH.7 Acids, Bases, And Solutions
solution
solvent
solute
colloid
is a uniform mixture that contains a solvent and at least one…
is the part of a solution present in the largestvamount
is the substance that is present in a solution in a smaller a…
is a mixture that contains small, undissolved particles that…
solution
is a uniform mixture that contains a solvent and at least one…
solvent
is the part of a solution present in the largestvamount
22 terms
Acids, Bases, and Solutions Ch. 12
suspension
solution
solvent
solute
A mixture in which particles of a material are more or less e…
A homogeneous mixture of two or more substances
A liquid substance capable of dissolving other substances
A substance that is dissolved in a solution.
suspension
A mixture in which particles of a material are more or less e…
solution
A homogeneous mixture of two or more substances
10 terms
Acids and Bases
acid
hydronium ions
properties of acids
base
a compound that increases the concentration of H+ (hydrogen)…
H+ and H3O+ mean the same thing. They both refer to positivel…
•Sour taste (Never taste or smell a substance unless your par…
compound that increases the concentration of hydroxide ions (…
acid
a compound that increases the concentration of H+ (hydrogen)…
hydronium ions
H+ and H3O+ mean the same thing. They both refer to positivel…
9 terms
Chapter 4: Section 4 Acids and Bases in Solution
Acid
Corrosive
Indicator
Base
a substance that tastes sour, reacts with metals and carbonat…
they "eat away" at other materials.
a compound that changes color when in contact with an acid or…
a substance that tastes bitter, feels slippery, and turns red…
Acid
a substance that tastes sour, reacts with metals and carbonat…
Corrosive
they "eat away" at other materials.
9 terms
Acids and Bases exist in a solution (properties)
acids
acids and bases
acids and bases
acids definition
sour taste
strong or weak electrolytes
change the color of indicators
hydrogen containing compounds that ionize to yield oxygen ion…
acids
sour taste
acids and bases
strong or weak electrolytes
6 terms
Properties of Acids and Bases - 14.1
Binary Acid
Oxyacid
Arrhenius acid
Arrhenius base
an acid that contains only two different elements: hydrogen a…
an acid that is a compound of hydrogen, oxygen, and a third e…
a chemical compound that increases the concentration of hydro…
a substance that increases the concentration of hydroxide ion…
Binary Acid
an acid that contains only two different elements: hydrogen a…
Oxyacid
an acid that is a compound of hydrogen, oxygen, and a third e…
Acids, Bases, and Solutions
solution
solvent
solute
suspension
A well-mixed mixture containing a solvent and at least one so…
The part of a solution that is present in the largest amount…
The part of a solution present in a lesser amount and dissolv…
A mixture in which particles can be seen and easily separated…
solution
A well-mixed mixture containing a solvent and at least one so…
solvent
The part of a solution that is present in the largest amount…
14 terms
Acid Base Chapter 21
acid
base
salt
neutralization
a chemical substance that neutralizes a base, dissolves some…
turns litmus paper blue and have a pH greater than 7. Solutio…
any ionic compound formed from the reaction between an acid a…
the reaction between an acid and a base, getting to a 7 on th…
acid
a chemical substance that neutralizes a base, dissolves some…
base
turns litmus paper blue and have a pH greater than 7. Solutio…
18 terms
Biology, Glencoe, Chapter 6, Sections 3 & 4 Vocabulary
polar molecules
hydrogen bond
mixture
solution
molecule with oppositely charged regions
weak electrostatic bond formed by the attraction of opposite…
a combination of two or more substance in which each componen…
a homogeneous mixture formed when a substance is dissolved in…
polar molecules
molecule with oppositely charged regions
hydrogen bond
weak electrostatic bond formed by the attraction of opposite…
26 terms
Acids, Bases, & Solutions REVIEW
acid
base
concentrated solution
corrosive
a substance that: tastes sour, reacts with metals, is corrosi…
a substance that: tastes bitter, feels slippery, is corrosive…
a mixture that has a LOT of solute dissolved in a certain amo…
"eats away" at other materials
acid
a substance that: tastes sour, reacts with metals, is corrosi…
base
a substance that: tastes bitter, feels slippery, is corrosive…
22 terms
L1 Acids and Bases
acid
base
pH
neutralisation
Any compound that contains H⁺ ions
Any compound that contains OH⁻ or O²⁻ or CO₃²⁻ions.
The value that is used to indicate the acidity (or alkalinity…
The reaction of an acid and base to form a neutral solution o…
acid
Any compound that contains H⁺ ions
base
Any compound that contains OH⁻ or O²⁻ or CO₃²⁻ions.
25 terms
UNIT 9 Acids and Bases
Solvent
Solute
Solution
Polar Molecule
A substance that exists in the greatest quantity in a solution.
The substance of which there is less in a solution.
A well mixed mixture of substances.
Molecule with an unequal distribution of charge, resulting in…
Solvent
A substance that exists in the greatest quantity in a solution.
Solute
The substance of which there is less in a solution.
22 terms
A22 Phy Sci Ch 22 Acids, Bases, and salts
Acid
Hydronium Ions (H⁺)
Acetic Acid (CH₃COOH)
Ascorbic Acid (H₂C₆H₆O₆)
a substance that produces hydronium ions (H₃O⁺) in a water so…
Most acids contain H⁺
Vinegar
Vitamin C
Acid
a substance that produces hydronium ions (H₃O⁺) in a water so…
Hydronium Ions (H⁺)
Most acids contain H⁺
15 terms
science vocab
Suspension
Solution
Solvent
Solute
A mixture in which particles can be seen and easily separated…
A substance dissolved in another substance
In a solution, the substance in which the solute dissolves.
Substance being dissolved
Suspension
A mixture in which particles can be seen and easily separated…
Solution
A substance dissolved in another substance
19 terms
Chapter 7: acids, bases and solutions
solution
solvent
solute
dilute solution
mixture of two or more substances in which the molecules of t…
the substance that does the dissolving
substance that is dissolved
A mixture that has only a little solute dissolved in a certai…
solution
mixture of two or more substances in which the molecules of t…
solvent
the substance that does the dissolving
27 terms
Chapters 15-16 Vocabulary (Acids, Bases, pH, and Titrations)
binary acid
oxyacid
Arrhenius acid
Arrhenius base
an acid that does not contain oxygen
an acid that is a compound of hydrogen, oxygen, and a third e…
a substance that increases the concentration of hydronium ion…
a substance that increases the concentration of hydroxide ion…
binary acid
an acid that does not contain oxygen
oxyacid
an acid that is a compound of hydrogen, oxygen, and a third e…
23 terms
Chapter 7: Acids, Bases, & Solutions
Solution
Solvent
Water
Colloid
a well-mixed mixture that contains a solvent and at least one…
the part of a solution present in the largest amount.
"universal solvent".
is a mixture containing small, undissolved particles that do…
Solution
a well-mixed mixture that contains a solvent and at least one…
Solvent
the part of a solution present in the largest amount.
13 terms
2.2 Vocab - Properties of Water
hydrogen bond
cohesion
adhesion
solution
attraction between a slightly positive hydrogen atom and a sl…
the attraction among molecules of the same substance
the attraction among molecules of different substances
a mixture of substances that is equally mixed throughout
hydrogen bond
attraction between a slightly positive hydrogen atom and a sl…
cohesion
the attraction among molecules of the same substance
18 terms
Biology Chapter 6.3 and 6.4 Vocabulary Chemistry in Biology Part II
polar molecule
hydrogen bond
mixture
solution
Molecule with oppositely charged regions.
Weak electrostatic bond formed by the attraction of opposite…
Combination of two or more different substances in which each…
Homogeneous mixture formed when a substance (the solute) is d…
polar molecule
Molecule with oppositely charged regions.
hydrogen bond
Weak electrostatic bond formed by the attraction of opposite…
10 terms
Unit 9: Solutions, Acids and Bases ACADEMIC VOCABULARY
Acid
Acid Rain
Base
Buffer
A compound that releases hydrogen ions (H¹⁺) when dissolved i…
Any form of precipitation that possesses elevated levels of h…
A compound that releases hydroxide ions (OH¹⁻) when dissolved…
A mixture of compounds that resist change in pH.
Acid
A compound that releases hydrogen ions (H¹⁺) when dissolved i…
Acid Rain
Any form of precipitation that possesses elevated levels of h…
18 terms
Chem 08.03 Acids and Bases
Arrhenius acid
Arrhenius base
Brønsted-Lowry acid
Brønsted-Lowry base
a compound that releases H+ ions when dissolved in water
a compound that generates hydroxide ions (OH-) when dissolved…
a compound that can donate a proton (an H+ ion) to an appropr…
a compound that can remove a proton from a relatively strong…
Arrhenius acid
a compound that releases H+ ions when dissolved in water
Arrhenius base
a compound that generates hydroxide ions (OH-) when dissolved…
13 terms
Unit 3 Solution Chemistry
solubility
dissociation
saturated
unsaturated
A measure of how much solute can dissolve in a given solvent…
the separation of ions that occurs when an ionic compound dis…
a solution that is unable to dissolve any more solute at a gi…
a solution that can dissolve more solute at a given temperature
solubility
A measure of how much solute can dissolve in a given solvent…
dissociation
the separation of ions that occurs when an ionic compound dis…
11 terms
elements,compounds,mixtures
element
compounds
mixtures
homogeneous mixture
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom... A substance th…
2 or more elements chemically combined... Alkaline earth metals…
a physical combination of substances that can still be sepera…
A mixture that is so evenly mixed that you can't see all of t…
element
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom... A substance th…
compounds
2 or more elements chemically combined... Alkaline earth metals…
8 terms
Acidic
Acids
Bases
pH
Indicators
Substances that release positively charged hydrogen ions
Substances that can accept hydrogen ions
Measure of how acidic or basic a solution is
Compounds that react with acidic and basic solutions and prod…
Acids
Substances that release positively charged hydrogen ions
Bases
Substances that can accept hydrogen ions
25 terms
Solutions, Acids & Bases
solute
solution
dissociation
dispersion
In a solution, the substances dissolved.
A homogenous mixture of two or more substances evenly distrib…
the process of creating a solution in which an ionic compound…
the process of creating a solution in which the solute breaks…
solute
In a solution, the substances dissolved.
solution
A homogenous mixture of two or more substances evenly distrib…
Acid and basic solution
Acids
Bases
pH
Litmus paper
Are substances that release poetic charge hydrogen ions H+, i…
Substances that can accept hydrogen ions
Measure of how acidic or basic a solution is
...
Acids
Are substances that release poetic charge hydrogen ions H+, i…
Bases
Substances that can accept hydrogen ions
32 terms
ACIDS, BASES AND SOLUTIONS
solution
solvent
solute
What does dissolving CO₂ in a mixture…
a well-mixed mixture that contains a solvent and at least one…
the part of a solution present in the largest amount; it diss…
the substance that is present in an solution in the smaller a…
fizz or bubbles
solution
a well-mixed mixture that contains a solvent and at least one…
solvent
the part of a solution present in the largest amount; it diss…
23 terms
Chemical Interactions: Chapter 3 Acids and Bases in Solution
3 characteristics of an acid
Give examples of common acids
3 characteristics of a base
Give examples of common bases
A substance that tastes sour, ... reacts with metals and carbona…
lemons, tomatoes, oranges... sulfuric acid in car batteries... nitr…
A substance that tastes bitter, feels slippery, and turns red…
Drain cleaners ... Ammonia... Baking soda
3 characteristics of an acid
A substance that tastes sour, ... reacts with metals and carbona…
Give examples of common acids
lemons, tomatoes, oranges... sulfuric acid in car batteries... nitr…
24 terms
Ch 14 and Ch 15 Acids and Bases
binary acid
oxyacid
Arrhenius acid
Arrhenius base
Acid that contains only two different elements : hydrogen and…
Acid that is a compound of hydrogen, oxygen, and a third elem…
Chemical compound that increases the concentration of hydroge…
is a substance that increases the concentration of hydroxide,…
binary acid
Acid that contains only two different elements : hydrogen and…
oxyacid
Acid that is a compound of hydrogen, oxygen, and a third elem…
9 terms
Acid/Base
Acid
Base
bronsted-lowry acid
pH
A compound that donates hydrogen ions to solutions
A substance that decreases the hydrogen ion concentration in…
Proton donor
Acid
A compound that donates hydrogen ions to solutions
Base
A substance that decreases the hydrogen ion concentration in…
14 terms
Acids and bases
Indicators
Litmus
Universal indicator
pH Scale
compounds that react with acidic and basic solutions and prod…
in chemistry, a kind of paper used to tell whether a solution…
An indicator with a different colour for each pH value.
a range of numbers used to describe how acidic or basic a sol…
Indicators
compounds that react with acidic and basic solutions and prod…
Litmus
in chemistry, a kind of paper used to tell whether a solution…
14 terms
2-4 Inorganic Compounds Essential to Human Functioning
inorganic compound
organic compound
solution
colloid
a substance that does not contain both carbon and hydrogen
a substance that contains both carbon and hydrogen
homogenous mixture in which a solute is dissolved into a solv…
liquid mixture in which the solute particles consist of clump…
inorganic compound
a substance that does not contain both carbon and hydrogen
organic compound
a substance that contains both carbon and hydrogen
10 terms
Ch8: Acids and Bases Vocabulary
Acid
Acid Rain
Base
Buffer
A compound that releases hydrogen ions (H¹⁺) when dissolved i…
Any form of precipitation that possesses elevated levels of h…
A compound that releases hydroxide ions (OH¹⁻) when dissolved…
A mixture of compounds that resists changes in pH.
Acid
A compound that releases hydrogen ions (H¹⁺) when dissolved i…
Acid Rain
Any form of precipitation that possesses elevated levels of h…
13 terms
Acids & Bases
Acid
Aqueous
Strong acid
Weak acid
A substance that releases H+ ions in an aqueous solution
Another word for water
Breaks down completely in water and gives off many H+ ions
Only partially breaks down. It gives off much less H+ than a…
Acid
A substance that releases H+ ions in an aqueous solution
Aqueous
Another word for water
12 terms
CMA #3 VOCABULARY Mixtures, Acids, Bases, & the pH Scale
Element
Compound
Chemical Formula
Mixture
A pure substance made of only one type of atom.
A fixed substance made of 2 or more atoms bonded together.
Shows the elements (and how many) that make up a compound.
Made when two or more substances come together but do not com…
Element
A pure substance made of only one type of atom.
Compound
A fixed substance made of 2 or more atoms bonded together.
10 terms
Ch8: Acids and Bases Vocabulary
Acid
Acid Rain
Base
Buffer
A compound that releases hydrogen ions (H¹⁺) when dissolved i…
Any form of precipitation that possesses elevated levels of h…
A compound that releases hydroxide ions (OH¹⁻) when dissolved…
A mixture of compounds that resists changes in pH.
Acid
A compound that releases hydrogen ions (H¹⁺) when dissolved i…
Acid Rain
Any form of precipitation that possesses elevated levels of h…
23 terms
Chapter 7: Acids, Bases, & Solutions
Solution
Solvent
Water
Colloid
a well-mixed mixture that contains a solvent and at least one…
the part of a solution present in the largest amount.
"universal solvent".
is a mixture containing small, undissolved particles that do…
Solution
a well-mixed mixture that contains a solvent and at least one…
Solvent
the part of a solution present in the largest amount.
20 terms
CH.9 Acids, Bases, And Solutions
solution
solvent
solute
dilute solution
is a uniform mixture that contains a solvent and at least one…
is the part of a solution present in the largest amount
is the substance that is present in a solution in a smaller a…
has only a little solute dissolved in a certain amount of sol…
solution
is a uniform mixture that contains a solvent and at least one…
solvent
is the part of a solution present in the largest amount
15 terms
Grade 9: Acid, Base and Salts
Neutralisation
pH
salt
Hydrochloric Acid (HCl)... Nitric Acid (H…
reaction between an acid and a base to form a salt
the measure of how acidic or alkaline a solution is
a product produced during the neutralisation of an acid by a…
acid
Neutralisation
reaction between an acid and a base to form a salt
pH
the measure of how acidic or alkaline a solution is
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