Study sets matching "term:acids = compounds that release hydrogens in a watery solution"

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Study sets matching "term:acids = compounds that release hydrogens in a watery solution"

5 terms
Acids and Bases in Solution 8.4
Hydrogen ion (H+)
Hydroxide ion (OH-)
pH scale
Neutralization
A positively charged ion (H+) formed of a hydrogen atom that…
A negatively charged ion made of oxygen and hydrogen (OH-)
A range of values used to indicate how acidic or basic a subs…
A reaction of an acid with a base yielding a solution that is…
Hydrogen ion (H+)
A positively charged ion (H+) formed of a hydrogen atom that…
Hydroxide ion (OH-)
A negatively charged ion made of oxygen and hydrogen (OH-)
5 terms
11.4 Acids and bases in solution
hydrogen ion
hydroxide ion
pH scale
neutralization ph
an atom of hydrogen that has lost its electron
is a negative ion made of oxygen and hydrogen
a range of values used to indicate how acidic or basic a subs…
a reaction of an acid with a base that results in a solution…
hydrogen ion
an atom of hydrogen that has lost its electron
hydroxide ion
is a negative ion made of oxygen and hydrogen
ACIDS AND BASES IN SOLUTION
Hydrogen Ion (H+)
Hydroxide Ion (OH-)
pH Scale
Neutralization
an atom of hydrogen that has lost an electron - found in acids
a negative ion, made of oxygen and hydrogen - found in bases
a range of values from 0-14 that expresses the concentration…
a reaction between an acid and a base
Hydrogen Ion (H+)
an atom of hydrogen that has lost an electron - found in acids
Hydroxide Ion (OH-)
a negative ion, made of oxygen and hydrogen - found in bases
Acids, Bases, and Solutions
solution
solvent
solute
suspension
A well-mixed mixture containing a solvent and at least one so…
The part of a solution that is present in the largest amount…
The part of a solution present in a lesser amount and dissolv…
A mixture in which particles can be seen and easily separated…
solution
A well-mixed mixture containing a solvent and at least one so…
solvent
The part of a solution that is present in the largest amount…
Chemical Interactions: Chapter 3 Acids and Bases in Solution
solution
solvent
solute
colloid
A well-mixed mixture containing a solvent and at least one so…
The part of the solution that is present in the largest amoun…
The part of a solution present in a lesser amount and dissolv…
A mixture containing small, undissolved particles that do not…
solution
A well-mixed mixture containing a solvent and at least one so…
solvent
The part of the solution that is present in the largest amoun…
18 terms
Acids, Bases, and Solutions (Chapter 8 Combined)
Hydrogen ion (H+)
Hydroxide ion (OH-)
pH scale
Neutralization
A positively charged ion (H+) formed of a hydrogen atom that…
A negatively charged ion made of oxygen and hydrogen (OH-)
A range of values used to indicate how acidic or basic a subs…
A reaction of an acid with a base yielding a solution that is…
Hydrogen ion (H+)
A positively charged ion (H+) formed of a hydrogen atom that…
Hydroxide ion (OH-)
A negatively charged ion made of oxygen and hydrogen (OH-)
5 terms
Acids & Bases in a Solution
Hydrogen Ion (H+)
Hydroxide Ion (OH-)
pH Scale
Neutralization
An atom of hydrogen that has lost its electron
A negative ion made of oxygen and hydrogen
a measure of how acidic or basic a substance is
A reaction between an acid and a base
Hydrogen Ion (H+)
An atom of hydrogen that has lost its electron
Hydroxide Ion (OH-)
A negative ion made of oxygen and hydrogen
23 terms
Chemical Interactions: Chapter 3 Acids and Bases in Solution
solution
solvent
solute
colloid
A well-mixed mixture containing a solvent and at least one so…
The part of the solution that is present in the largest amoun…
The part of a solution present in a lesser amount and dissolv…
A mixture containing small, undissolved particles that do not…
solution
A well-mixed mixture containing a solvent and at least one so…
solvent
The part of the solution that is present in the largest amoun…
Chapter 14: Section 1: Properties of Acids and Bases
Binary Acid
Oxyacid
Arrhenius acid
Arrhenius base
Acid that contains only two different elements: hydrogen and…
Acid that is a compound of hydrogen, oxygen, and a third elem…
Chemical compound that increases the concentration of hydroge…
Substance that increases the concentration of hydroxide ions,…
Binary Acid
Acid that contains only two different elements: hydrogen and…
Oxyacid
Acid that is a compound of hydrogen, oxygen, and a third elem…
Acids and Bases exist in a solution (properties)
acids
acids and bases
acids and bases
acids definition
sour taste
strong or weak electrolytes
change the color of indicators
hydrogen containing compounds that ionize to yield oxygen ion…
acids
sour taste
acids and bases
strong or weak electrolytes
20 terms
Acids, Bases, pH
Acid
Hydronium (H3O+)
Characteristics of Acids
Characteristics of Bases
substance that release hydrogen (H+) ions in water
Ion formed by acids in solution
taste sour, conduct electricity, turn litmus paper red, pH 6.…
taste bitter, conduct electricity, feel slippery, turn litmus…
Acid
substance that release hydrogen (H+) ions in water
Hydronium (H3O+)
Ion formed by acids in solution
5 terms
Ch. 11.4 Acids and Bases in Solution
hydrogen ion (H+)
hydroxide ion (OH-)
pH scale
neutralization
a positively charged ion formed of a hydrogen atom that has l…
negatively charged ion made of oxygen and hydrogen
measurement system used to indicate the concentration of hydr…
A reaction between an acid and a base
hydrogen ion (H+)
a positively charged ion formed of a hydrogen atom that has l…
hydroxide ion (OH-)
negatively charged ion made of oxygen and hydrogen
5 terms
21.3 Acidic and Basic Solutions
acids
bases
pH
indicators
substances that release positively charged hydrogen ions, H+,…
substances that can accept hydrogen ions; have a pH higher th…
a measure of how acidic or basic solution is
compounds that react with acidic and basic solutions and prod…
acids
substances that release positively charged hydrogen ions, H+,…
bases
substances that can accept hydrogen ions; have a pH higher th…
Acids & Bases
Acid
Bases
pH scale
Buffers
molecules dissociate in water, releasing hydrogen (H+) ions-…
molecules that take up hydrogen ions or release hydroxide ion…
indicates acidity and basicity (alkalinity) of a solution
keep pH steady and within normal limits in living organisms
Acid
molecules dissociate in water, releasing hydrogen (H+) ions-…
Bases
molecules that take up hydrogen ions or release hydroxide ion…
Chapter 7: Acids, Bases, and Solutions
solution
solvent
solute
colloid
a well-mixed mixture containing a solvent and at least one so…
the part of a solution that is present in the largest amount…
the part of a solution present in a lesser amount and dissolv…
a mixture containing small, undissolved particles that do not…
solution
a well-mixed mixture containing a solvent and at least one so…
solvent
the part of a solution that is present in the largest amount…
25 terms
Solutions, Acids & Bases
solute
solution
dissociation
dispersion
In a solution, the substances dissolved.
A homogenous mixture of two or more substances evenly distrib…
the process of creating a solution in which an ionic compound…
the process of creating a solution in which the solute breaks…
solute
In a solution, the substances dissolved.
solution
A homogenous mixture of two or more substances evenly distrib…
21 terms
CH.7 Acids, Bases, And Solutions
solution
solvent
solute
colloid
is a uniform mixture that contains a solvent and at least one…
is the part of a solution present in the largestvamount
is the substance that is present in a solution in a smaller a…
is a mixture that contains small, undissolved particles that…
solution
is a uniform mixture that contains a solvent and at least one…
solvent
is the part of a solution present in the largestvamount
7-4; Acids and Bases in Solution
Hydrogen Ion
Hydroxide Ion
Ph Scale
Neutralization
A positively charged ion formed of a hydrogen atom that has l…
A negatively charged ion made of oxygen and hydrogen.
A range of values used to express the concentration of hydrog…
A reaction of an acid with a base, yielding a solution that i…
Hydrogen Ion
A positively charged ion formed of a hydrogen atom that has l…
Hydroxide Ion
A negatively charged ion made of oxygen and hydrogen.
7 terms
Chp 2.2 Properties of Water
adhesion
solution
suspension
acid
the force of attraction between different kinds of molecules
the type of mixture in which all of the components are evenly…
a mixture of water and nondissolved material
a compound that releases hydrogen ions (H+) in solution; a so…
adhesion
the force of attraction between different kinds of molecules
solution
the type of mixture in which all of the components are evenly…
7 terms
Chp 2.2 Properties of Water
adhesion
solution
suspension
acid
the force of attraction between different kinds of molecules
the type of mixture in which all of the components are evenly…
a mixture of water and nondissolved material
a compound that releases hydrogen ions (H+) in solution; a so…
adhesion
the force of attraction between different kinds of molecules
solution
the type of mixture in which all of the components are evenly…
23 terms
Chemical Interactions: Chapter 3 Acids and Bases in Solution
3 characteristics of an acid
Give examples of common acids
3 characteristics of a base
Give examples of common bases
A substance that tastes sour, ... reacts with metals and carbona…
lemons, tomatoes, oranges... sulfuric acid in car batteries... nitr…
A substance that tastes bitter, feels slippery, and turns red…
Drain cleaners ... Ammonia... Baking soda
3 characteristics of an acid
A substance that tastes sour, ... reacts with metals and carbona…
Give examples of common acids
lemons, tomatoes, oranges... sulfuric acid in car batteries... nitr…
14 terms
Acids Bases
chemical reaction
precipitate
chemical bond
diatomic
the process by which one or more substances change to produce…
A solid that forms and settles out of a liquid mixture
the force that holds two atoms together
a molecule consisting of two atoms
chemical reaction
the process by which one or more substances change to produce…
precipitate
A solid that forms and settles out of a liquid mixture
16 terms
Families of chemical compounds ch. 9
acid
base
electrolyte
pH
A substance that increases the hydrogen ion concentration of…
A substance that decreases the hydrogen ion concentration in…
A solution that conducts electricity
measures the acidity of a solution
acid
A substance that increases the hydrogen ion concentration of…
base
A substance that decreases the hydrogen ion concentration in…
10 terms
Acids & Bases
acid
amphoteric
base
binary acid
any compound that increases the number of hydronium ions when…
describes a substance, such as water, that has the properties…
any compound that increases the number of hydroxide ions when…
an acid that does not contain oxygen
acid
any compound that increases the number of hydronium ions when…
amphoteric
describes a substance, such as water, that has the properties…
7 terms
Ch 2.2 Properties of Water
adhesion
solution
suspension
acid
the force of attraction between different kinds of molecules
the type of mixture in which all of the components are evenly…
a mixture of water and nondissolved material
a compound that releases hydrogen ions (H+) in solution; a so…
adhesion
the force of attraction between different kinds of molecules
solution
the type of mixture in which all of the components are evenly…
18 terms
ChemC Chapter 14 (Acids & Bases)
Binary Acid
Oxyacid
Arrhenius Acid
Arrhenius Base
Acid that does not contain oxygen (e.g. HF)
Acid that is a compound of hydrogen, oxygen, and a third elem…
Substance that increases the concentration of hydronium ions…
Substance that increases the concentration of hydroxide ions…
Binary Acid
Acid that does not contain oxygen (e.g. HF)
Oxyacid
Acid that is a compound of hydrogen, oxygen, and a third elem…
10 terms
Acids and Bases
acid
hydronium ions
properties of acids
base
a compound that increases the concentration of H+ (hydrogen)…
H+ and H3O+ mean the same thing. They both refer to positivel…
•Sour taste (Never taste or smell a substance unless your par…
compound that increases the concentration of hydroxide ions (…
acid
a compound that increases the concentration of H+ (hydrogen)…
hydronium ions
H+ and H3O+ mean the same thing. They both refer to positivel…
10 terms
Crash Course Chemistry 8 - Acid-Base Reactions in a Solution
What happens if you mix an acid and a…
acid
base
HCl
they neutralize each other
Donates a proton
accepts a proton
hydrochloric acid
What happens if you mix an acid and a…
they neutralize each other
acid
Donates a proton
26 terms
Acids, Bases, & Solutions REVIEW
acid
base
concentrated solution
corrosive
a substance that: tastes sour, reacts with metals, is corrosi…
a substance that: tastes bitter, feels slippery, is corrosive…
a mixture that has a LOT of solute dissolved in a certain amo…
"eats away" at other materials
acid
a substance that: tastes sour, reacts with metals, is corrosi…
base
a substance that: tastes bitter, feels slippery, is corrosive…
13 terms
1.3 Properties of Water
hydrogen bond
cohesion
adhesion
mixture
the attraction between a hydrogen atom with a partial positiv…
the attraction between molecules of the same substance
the force of attraction between different kinds of molecules
A combination of two or more substances that are not chemical…
hydrogen bond
the attraction between a hydrogen atom with a partial positiv…
cohesion
the attraction between molecules of the same substance
7 terms
pH Foldable
define acid
define base
define indicator
example of an indicator
a substance that releases hydrogen ions in a solution
a substance that releases hydroxide ions in a solution
a chemical compound that identifies if a solution is acidic o…
Litmus paper
define acid
a substance that releases hydrogen ions in a solution
define base
a substance that releases hydroxide ions in a solution
11.4- Acids & Bases in Solution
hydrogen ion
hydroxide ion
pH scale
neutralization
an atom of hydrogen that has lost its electron
a negative ion make of oxygen and hydrogen
determines strength of an acid or base; scale ranges from 0-14
a reaction between an acid and a base
hydrogen ion
an atom of hydrogen that has lost its electron
hydroxide ion
a negative ion make of oxygen and hydrogen
25 terms
UNIT 9 Acids and Bases
Solvent
Solute
Solution
Polar Molecule
A substance that exists in the greatest quantity in a solution.
The substance of which there is less in a solution.
A well mixed mixture of substances.
Molecule with an unequal distribution of charge, resulting in…
Solvent
A substance that exists in the greatest quantity in a solution.
Solute
The substance of which there is less in a solution.
5 terms
intro chemistry- inorganic compounds/ acids and bases
An acid
a base
Inorganic Ions
a buffer
a solute that dissociates to release hydrogen ions and causes…
a solute that removes hydrogen ions from a solution
are important in the functions of the heart, muscle contracti…
compounds that stabilize pH by either removing or replacing h…
An acid
a solute that dissociates to release hydrogen ions and causes…
a base
a solute that removes hydrogen ions from a solution
5 terms
6.4 Acids and Bases in Solution
Hydrogen Ion (H+)
Hydroxide Ion (OH-)
pH Scale
Neutralization
an atom of hydrogen that has lost its electron
a negative ion made of oxygen and hydrogen
ranges from 0 to 14. it shows the concentration of hydrogen i…
a reaction between an acid and a base
Hydrogen Ion (H+)
an atom of hydrogen that has lost its electron
Hydroxide Ion (OH-)
a negative ion made of oxygen and hydrogen
13 terms
Unit 3 Solution Chemistry
solubility
dissociation
saturated
unsaturated
A measure of how much solute can dissolve in a given solvent…
the separation of ions that occurs when an ionic compound dis…
a solution that is unable to dissolve any more solute at a gi…
a solution that can dissolve more solute at a given temperature
solubility
A measure of how much solute can dissolve in a given solvent…
dissociation
the separation of ions that occurs when an ionic compound dis…
23 terms
Chapter 7: Acids, Bases, & Solutions
Solution
Solvent
Water
Colloid
a well-mixed mixture that contains a solvent and at least one…
the part of a solution present in the largest amount.
"universal solvent".
is a mixture containing small, undissolved particles that do…
Solution
a well-mixed mixture that contains a solvent and at least one…
Solvent
the part of a solution present in the largest amount.
Chapter 6 Lesson 4 Acids and bases in Solution
Hydrogen ion
Hydroxide ion
pH scale
Neutralization
atom of hydrogen that has lost its electron
negative ion made of oxygen and hydrogen
the concentration of hydrogen ions in a solution (0 to 14)
a reaction between an acid and a base
Hydrogen ion
atom of hydrogen that has lost its electron
Hydroxide ion
negative ion made of oxygen and hydrogen
Chapter 7: acids, bases and solutions
solution
solvent
solute
dilute solution
mixture of two or more substances in which the molecules of t…
the substance that does the dissolving
substance that is dissolved
A mixture that has only a little solute dissolved in a certai…
solution
mixture of two or more substances in which the molecules of t…
solvent
the substance that does the dissolving
Solution, Acids, and Bases
Solution
Solute
Solvent
Stirring
Mixture that has the same composition color, density and tast…
Substance being dissolved.
Substance doing dissolving.
Brings more solvent in contact with solute.
Solution
Mixture that has the same composition color, density and tast…
Solute
Substance being dissolved.
7 terms
A&P Chapter 2- Inorganic Acids and Bases, Salts, Buffers and pH Control, and Organic Compounds
Acid
Base
Strong acids and strong bases ionize c…
Salt
any solute that dissociates in solution and releases hydrogen…
a solute that removes hydrogen ions from a solution, raises p…
weak acids and weak bases do not.
an electrolyte whose cation is not hydrogen (H+) and whose an…
Acid
any solute that dissociates in solution and releases hydrogen…
Base
a solute that removes hydrogen ions from a solution, raises p…
5 terms
Acids and Bases in Solutions
Hydrogen Ion (H+)
Hydroxide Ion (OH-)
pH Scale
Neutralization
An atom of hydrogen that has lost its electron
A negative ion made of oxygen and hydrogen
A range of values (from 0 to 14) used to express the concentr…
A reaction between an acid and a base
Hydrogen Ion (H+)
An atom of hydrogen that has lost its electron
Hydroxide Ion (OH-)
A negative ion made of oxygen and hydrogen
11 terms
elements,compounds,mixtures
element
compounds
mixtures
homogeneous mixture
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom... A substance th…
2 or more elements chemically combined... Alkaline earth metals…
a physical combination of substances that can still be sepera…
A mixture that is so evenly mixed that you can't see all of t…
element
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom... A substance th…
compounds
2 or more elements chemically combined... Alkaline earth metals…
18 terms
Biology, Glencoe, Chapter 6, Sections 3 & 4 Vocabulary
polar molecules
hydrogen bond
mixture
solution
molecule with oppositely charged regions
weak electrostatic bond formed by the attraction of opposite…
a combination of two or more substance in which each componen…
a homogeneous mixture formed when a substance is dissolved in…
polar molecules
molecule with oppositely charged regions
hydrogen bond
weak electrostatic bond formed by the attraction of opposite…
Acid and basic solution
Acids
Bases
pH
Litmus paper
Are substances that release poetic charge hydrogen ions H+, i…
Substances that can accept hydrogen ions
Measure of how acidic or basic a solution is
...
Acids
Are substances that release poetic charge hydrogen ions H+, i…
Bases
Substances that can accept hydrogen ions
21 terms
Acid/Base Chemistry
acidic solution
basic soution
Arrhenious model
Brønsted model
contains more hydrogen ions than hydroxide ions
contains more hydroxide ions than hydrogen ions
states an acid produces hydrogen ions in solution; a base pro…
states acids are hydrogen donors, bases are hydrogen acceptors
acidic solution
contains more hydrogen ions than hydroxide ions
basic soution
contains more hydroxide ions than hydrogen ions
12 terms
Organic Compounds
monomer
polymer
carbohydrate
lipid
subunit that are linked to form a polymer
macromolecule, made of many monomers bonded together
made of C,H, and O in a 1:2:1 ratio, energy source,
nonpolar molecules include fats, oils, and cholesterol, store…
monomer
subunit that are linked to form a polymer
polymer
macromolecule, made of many monomers bonded together
Acids, Bases, and Solution Chapter 3 Vocab
solution
solvent
solute
mixture
A homogeneous mixture of two or more substances
A liquid substance capable of dissolving other substances
Substance being dissolved
A combination of two or more substances that are not chemical…
solution
A homogeneous mixture of two or more substances
solvent
A liquid substance capable of dissolving other substances
15 terms
Acids and bases in solution
hydroxide ion
pH scale
hydrogen ion
neutralization
OH-
series of numbers that indicates concentration of hydrogen io…
H+
reaction between and acid and a base
hydroxide ion
OH-
pH scale
series of numbers that indicates concentration of hydrogen io…
6 terms
Properties of Acids and Bases - 14.1
Binary Acid
Oxyacid
Arrhenius acid
Arrhenius base
an acid that contains only two different elements: hydrogen a…
an acid that is a compound of hydrogen, oxygen, and a third e…
a chemical compound that increases the concentration of hydro…
a substance that increases the concentration of hydroxide ion…
Binary Acid
an acid that contains only two different elements: hydrogen a…
Oxyacid
an acid that is a compound of hydrogen, oxygen, and a third e…
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