Study sets matching "term:acids = produce hydrogen ions in aqueous solution"

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Study sets matching "term:acids = produce hydrogen ions in aqueous solution"

8 terms
Acid and Base Properties of Some Ions in Aqueous Solution
Neutral anions
Neutral cations
Basic anions
Basic cations
Cl-, Br-, I-, NO3-, ClO4-
Li+, Na+, K+, Ca+2, Ba+2
CH3CO2-, HCO2-, CO3-2, S-2, F-, CN-, PO4-3, HCO3-, HS-, NO2-,…
[Al(H2O)5(OH)]+2 (for example)
Neutral anions
Cl-, Br-, I-, NO3-, ClO4-
Neutral cations
Li+, Na+, K+, Ca+2, Ba+2
Chapter 7 - Acids Bases and ions in aqueous solutions
The strength of hydrogen bond in water…
autoprotolysis
Self-ionizing
Bronsted acid
25 kJ/mol
A proton (hydron) transfer reaction between two identical mol…
a pure liquid that partially dissociates into its ions
Proton donor
The strength of hydrogen bond in water…
25 kJ/mol
autoprotolysis
A proton (hydron) transfer reaction between two identical mol…
Acid Base properties of some ions in Aqueous solutions
Cl-
Br-
I-
NO3-
neutral
Neutral
Neutral
Neutral
Cl-
neutral
Br-
Neutral
31 terms
Acid/Base Properties of Some Ions in Aqueous Solution
Cl-
Br-
I-
NO3-
neutral
neutral
neutral
neutral
Cl-
neutral
Br-
neutral
5 terms
Acids: dissociate in water to produce hydrogen ions. Acids are protons donors. Bases are protons acceptors.
Hci
HNO3
H2SO4
HC2H3O2
Hychloric Acid
Nitric Acid
Sulfuric Acid
Acetic Acid
Hci
Hychloric Acid
HNO3
Nitric Acid
L6, (Hydrogen Ions and Acidity) Chemistry B Unit 2: Solutions, Acids, and Bases
Water molecules
A water molecule that ? a hydrogen ion…
A water molecule that ? a hydrogen ion…
a term describing the reaction in whic…
Water molecules are highly polar and are in continuous motion…
loses
gains
self-ionization
Water molecules
Water molecules are highly polar and are in continuous motion…
A water molecule that ? a hydrogen ion…
loses
30 terms
Chem Table 17.4: Acid and Base Properties of Some Ions in Aqueous Solution
Cl-
NO3-
Br-
ClO4-
anion; neutral
anion; neutral
anion; neutral
anion; neutral
Cl-
anion; neutral
NO3-
anion; neutral
59 terms
Honors Chemistry - Ch. 13 and 14 - Ions in Aqueous Solutions AND Acids, Bases, and Salts
Aqueous Solution
electrolyte
nonelectrolyte
Acids, Bases, Salts
a solution in which WATER is the SOLVENT
a solute that when dissolved in water forms a solution that C…
a solute that when dissolved in water forms a solution that D…
Classes of Electrolytes.... 1.A____... 2.B_____... 3.S_____
Aqueous Solution
a solution in which WATER is the SOLVENT
electrolyte
a solute that when dissolved in water forms a solution that C…
59 terms
Honors Chemistry - Ch. 13 and 14 - Ions in Aqueous Solutions AND Acids, Bases, and Salts
Aqueous Solution
electrolyte
nonelectrolyte
Acids, Bases, Salts
a solution in which WATER is the SOLVENT
a solute that when dissolved in water forms a solution that C…
a solute that when dissolved in water forms a solution that D…
Classes of Electrolytes.... 1.A____... 2.B_____... 3.S_____
Aqueous Solution
a solution in which WATER is the SOLVENT
electrolyte
a solute that when dissolved in water forms a solution that C…
Honors Chemistry - Ch. 13 and 14 - Ions in Aqueous Solutions AND Acids, Bases, and Salts
Aqueous Solution
electrolyte
nonelectrolyte
Acids, Bases, Salts
a solution in which WATER is the SOLVENT
a solute that when dissolved in water forms a solution that C…
a solute that when dissolved in water forms a solution that D…
Classes of Electrolytes.... 1.A____... 2.B_____... 3.S_____
Aqueous Solution
a solution in which WATER is the SOLVENT
electrolyte
a solute that when dissolved in water forms a solution that C…
51 terms
Chapter 4: Ions in Aqueous solution
Aqueous Solution
Solute
Solvent
Electrolytes
Solute + solvent
Substance being dissolved, present in lower amount
Substance doing the dissolving , present in higher amount
substances that conduct electricity when dissolved in water
Aqueous Solution
Solute + solvent
Solute
Substance being dissolved, present in lower amount
5 terms
Acids and Bases in Solution 8.4
Hydrogen ion (H+)
Hydroxide ion (OH-)
pH scale
Neutralization
A positively charged ion (H+) formed of a hydrogen atom that…
A negatively charged ion made of oxygen and hydrogen (OH-)
A range of values used to indicate how acidic or basic a subs…
A reaction of an acid with a base yielding a solution that is…
Hydrogen ion (H+)
A positively charged ion (H+) formed of a hydrogen atom that…
Hydroxide ion (OH-)
A negatively charged ion made of oxygen and hydrogen (OH-)
46 terms
Ch4 Reactions in Aqueous Solution
aqueous solution
solvent
solutes
electrolyte
a solution in which water is the dissolving medium
the substance present in the greatest quantity
what gets dissolved in the water
a substance whose aqueous solutions contain ions
aqueous solution
a solution in which water is the dissolving medium
solvent
the substance present in the greatest quantity
33 terms
Reaction in Aqueous Solution
Solution
Solute
Solvent
Aqueous Solution
Homogeneous mixture of two or more substances.... Can be gaseous…
The substance present in a smaller amount in a solution.
The substance present in a larger amount in a solution.
The solute could be initially a liquid or a solid or gas and…
Solution
Homogeneous mixture of two or more substances.... Can be gaseous…
Solute
The substance present in a smaller amount in a solution.
41 terms
Reaction in Aqueous Solution
Solution
Solute
Solvent
Aqueous Solution
Homogeneous mixture of two or more substances.... Can be gaseous…
The substance present in a smaller amount in a solution.
The substance present in a larger amount in a solution.
The solution initially is a liquid or a solid and the *solven…
Solution
Homogeneous mixture of two or more substances.... Can be gaseous…
Solute
The substance present in a smaller amount in a solution.
21 terms
Chapter 7: Reactions in aqueous solutions (Definitions)
Acid
Alkali
Amphoteric
Aqueous solutions
A substance that produces hydrogen ions (H+) in aqueous solut…
A soluble base
A substance that can act as either an acid or a base dependin…
Solutions in which water is the solvent
Acid
A substance that produces hydrogen ions (H+) in aqueous solut…
Alkali
A soluble base
21 terms
Chapter 7: Reactions in aqueous solutions (Definitions)
Acid
Alkali
Amphoteric
Aqueous solutions
A substance that produces hydrogen ions (H+) in aqueous solut…
A soluble base
A substance that can act as either an acid or a base dependin…
Solutions in which water is the solvent
Acid
A substance that produces hydrogen ions (H+) in aqueous solut…
Alkali
A soluble base
19.2: hydrogen ions and acidity
self-ionization
neutral solution
ion-product constant for water (Kw)
acidic solution
a term describing the reaction in which two water molecules r…
any aqueous solution in which [H+] and [OH-] are equal
the product of the concentrations of the hydrogen ions and hy…
a solution in which the concentration of the hydrogen ion is…
self-ionization
a term describing the reaction in which two water molecules r…
neutral solution
any aqueous solution in which [H+] and [OH-] are equal
14 terms
Acids and Bases
acidic solution
amphoteric
Basic solution
conjugate acid
is one in which [H+] is greater than [OH-]
a substance that can act as both an acid and a base
any solution in which the hydroxide ion concentration is grea…
two substances that are related by the loss or gain of a sing…
acidic solution
is one in which [H+] is greater than [OH-]
amphoteric
a substance that can act as both an acid and a base
35 terms
Chapter 4: Reactions in Aqueous Solutions
Aqueous Solution
Solvent
Solute
Electrolyte
A solution in which water is the solvent
A liquid substance capable of dissolving other substances
A substance that is dissolved in a solution.
A substance that dissolves in water to give a solution that c…
Aqueous Solution
A solution in which water is the solvent
Solvent
A liquid substance capable of dissolving other substances
7.2 Hydrogen Ions and Acidity
self-ionization:
neutral solution
ion-product constant for water (Kw):
acidic solution:
a term describing the reaction in which two water molecules r…
an aqueous solution in which the concentrations of hydrogen a…
the product of the concentrations of hydrogen ions and hydrox…
any solution in which the hydrogen-ion concentration is great…
self-ionization:
a term describing the reaction in which two water molecules r…
neutral solution
an aqueous solution in which the concentrations of hydrogen a…
21 terms
Prep Chemistry, Chapter 7: Reactions in Aqueous Solutions
acid
acid-base reaction
base
combustion reaction
A substance that produces hydrogen ions in aqueous solution;…
A reaction involving an H+ ion from an acid and an OH− ion fr…
A substance that produces hydroxide ions in aqueous solution;…
The vigorous and exothermic oxidation-reduction reaction that…
acid
A substance that produces hydrogen ions in aqueous solution;…
acid-base reaction
A reaction involving an H+ ion from an acid and an OH− ion fr…
31 terms
Ch 5: Reactions in Aqueous Solution
aqueous
electrolytes
electrodes
strong electrolyte
Dissolved in water
A substance that is dissolved in solution and some of its mol…
the part of a cell through which charges enter or exit
soluble compounds that completely form ions in solution
aqueous
Dissolved in water
electrolytes
A substance that is dissolved in solution and some of its mol…
40 terms
Chapter 4: Aqueous Reactions & Solution Stoichiometry
aqueous solution
solvent
solute
electrolyte
A solution in which water is the solvent
A liquid substance capable of dissolving other substances
In a solution, the substance that dissolves in the solvent
A substance that dissolves in water to give a solution that c…
aqueous solution
A solution in which water is the solvent
solvent
A liquid substance capable of dissolving other substances
17 terms
Chemistry Prentice Hall Chapter 19 Acids and BAses Vocabulary List
Acidic Solution
Alkaline Solution
Amphoteric
Base Solution
Any solution in which the hydrogen ion concentration is great…
A basic solution
A substance that can act as both an acid and a base.
Any solution in which the hydroxide ion concentration is grea…
Acidic Solution
Any solution in which the hydrogen ion concentration is great…
Alkaline Solution
A basic solution
40 terms
Chemistry Chapter 4 Reactions in Aqueous Solution
aqueous solution
polar molecule
hydration
solubility
a solution in which water is the dissolving medium or solvent
a molecule that has a permanent dipole moment
the interaction between solute particles and water molecules
the amount of a substance that dissolves in a given volume of…
aqueous solution
a solution in which water is the dissolving medium or solvent
polar molecule
a molecule that has a permanent dipole moment
5 terms
11.4 Acids and bases in solution
hydrogen ion
hydroxide ion
pH scale
neutralization ph
an atom of hydrogen that has lost its electron
is a negative ion made of oxygen and hydrogen
a range of values used to indicate how acidic or basic a subs…
a reaction of an acid with a base that results in a solution…
hydrogen ion
an atom of hydrogen that has lost its electron
hydroxide ion
is a negative ion made of oxygen and hydrogen
38 terms
AP Ch 5: Reactions in Aqueous Solution
aqueous
electrolytes
electrodes
strong electrolyte
Dissolved in water
A substance that is dissolved in solution and some of its mol…
the part of a cell through which charges enter or exit
soluble compounds that completely form ions in solution
aqueous
Dissolved in water
electrolytes
A substance that is dissolved in solution and some of its mol…
44 terms
Acids & Bases In Aqueous Solutions
Hydronium ion (H3O+)
Hydrochloric acid (HCl)
Hydrobromic acid (HBr)
Hydroiodic acid (HI)
Strong Acid
Strong Acid
Strong Acid
Strong Acid
Hydronium ion (H3O+)
Strong Acid
Hydrochloric acid (HCl)
Strong Acid
35 terms
reactions in aqueous solutions (4)
aqueous solution
solvent
solutes
electrolyte
a solution in which water is the dissolving medium
the substance present in the greatest quantity in a solution
the substances other than the solvent that are present in a s…
a substance whose aqueous solutions contain ions
aqueous solution
a solution in which water is the dissolving medium
solvent
the substance present in the greatest quantity in a solution
19.2 - Hydrogen Ions and Acidity
self ionization
neutral solution
ion-product constant for water
acidic solution
when water molecules do this to form hydrogen ions H⁺ and hyd…
an aqueous solution in which H⁺ and OH⁻ are equal
a reaction in which two water molecules produce ions (Kw)
a solution in which H⁺ is greater than OH⁻
self ionization
when water molecules do this to form hydrogen ions H⁺ and hyd…
neutral solution
an aqueous solution in which H⁺ and OH⁻ are equal
32 terms
CH 4: Reactions in an Aqueous Solution
solvent
solute
electrolyte
non-electrolyte
substance present in the greatest quantity
dissolved in the solvent
substance whose aqueous solutions contain ions
substance that does not form ions in a solution
solvent
substance present in the greatest quantity
solute
dissolved in the solvent
20 terms
Acids and Bases in Solution
An acid or a base dissolved in water b…
Which would be least likely to complet…
Which product contains a strong base t…
Carla is using a fertilizer that conta…
negative
acetic acid
drain cleaner
strong acid
An acid or a base dissolved in water b…
negative
Which would be least likely to complet…
acetic acid
15 terms
Acid Base Vocab
amphoteric
acidic solution
basic solution
conjugate acid
a substance that can behave as an acid or a base
solution where a hydrogen ion is greater than a hydroxide ion
solution where a hydrogen ion is less than a hydroxide ion
particle formed when a base gains a hydrogen ion
amphoteric
a substance that can behave as an acid or a base
acidic solution
solution where a hydrogen ion is greater than a hydroxide ion
Chemistry Prentice Hall Chapter 19 Acids and BAses Vocabulary List
Acidic Solution
Alkaline Solution
Amphoteric
Basic Solution
Any solution in which the hydrogen ion concentration is great…
A basic solution
A substance that can act as both an acid and a base.
Any solution in which the hydroxide ion concentration is grea…
Acidic Solution
Any solution in which the hydrogen ion concentration is great…
Alkaline Solution
A basic solution
39 terms
Reactions in Aqueous Solution and strong acids and strong bases
hydrochloric acid
hydrobromic acid
hydroiodic acid
Chloric acid
What is the name of this strong acid? Hcl
what is the name of this strong acid? HBr
what is the name of this strong acid? HI
what is the name of this strong acid? HClO3
hydrochloric acid
What is the name of this strong acid? Hcl
hydrobromic acid
what is the name of this strong acid? HBr
22 terms
Reactions in Aqueous Solution
Molarity
Precipitate
Net Ionic Equation
Strong Acid
Moles of solute divided by liters of solution
An insoluable solid
The equation that is left over after "spectator" ions are can…
Ionizes (dissolves) completely. Breaks up in solution into H+…
Molarity
Moles of solute divided by liters of solution
Precipitate
An insoluable solid
19.2 Hydrogen Ions and Acidity
self-ionization
aqueous solution where hydrogen ions a…
Ion Product Constant for water (number)
Ion Product Constant (definition)
the reaction in which water molecules produce ions
Neutral solution
1.0 multiplied by 10 to the negative 14
the product of the concentration of the hydrogen and hydroxid…
self-ionization
the reaction in which water molecules produce ions
aqueous solution where hydrogen ions a…
Neutral solution
38 terms
Aqueous Solution
molarity (M)
standard solution
dilution
electrode
(# of moles)/(liter of solution)
solution of known concentration that is used in chemical anal…
the process of lowering the concentration of a solution by ad…
a solid electrical conductor that is used to make contact wit…
molarity (M)
(# of moles)/(liter of solution)
standard solution
solution of known concentration that is used in chemical anal…
39 terms
Chapter 4: Reactions in Aqueous Solution
Aqueous Solution
Solvent
Solute
Electrolyte
Solutions in which water is the dissolving medium
The component of a solution that is present in the greatest q…
All components of a solution that are not the solvent
Any substance whose aqueous solution contains ions
Aqueous Solution
Solutions in which water is the dissolving medium
Solvent
The component of a solution that is present in the greatest q…
14 terms
Acids and Bases
acidic solution
amphoteric
Basic solution
conjugate acid
is one in which [H+] is greater than [OH-]
a substance that can act as both an acid and a base
any solution in which the hydroxide ion concentration is grea…
two substances that are related by the loss or gain of a sing…
acidic solution
is one in which [H+] is greater than [OH-]
amphoteric
a substance that can act as both an acid and a base
65 terms
Chem - Chapter 7 - Acids and Bases in Aqueous Solutions
What is an electrolyte?
What do acids and bases become when th…
What are always electrolytes?
Is water a strong or weak electrolyte?
An electrolyte is any substance that conducts electricity whe…
Electrolytes
Ionic compounds
Weak
What is an electrolyte?
An electrolyte is any substance that conducts electricity whe…
What do acids and bases become when th…
Electrolytes
Acids and Bases
acidic solution
amphoteric
basic solution
conjugate acid
one in which H+ is greater than OH-
a substance that can act as both an acid and a base
one in which H+ is less than OH-
the particle formed when a base gains a hydrogen ion
acidic solution
one in which H+ is greater than OH-
amphoteric
a substance that can act as both an acid and a base
15 terms
Acid Base Vocab
acidic solution
amphoteric
basic solution
conjugate acid
An acidic solution is any aqueous solution which has a pH < 7…
An amphoteric substance is one which can act as either an aci…
A solution that has a higher concentration of hydroxide ions…
A conjugate acid is the acid member, HX, of a pair of compoun…
acidic solution
An acidic solution is any aqueous solution which has a pH < 7…
amphoteric
An amphoteric substance is one which can act as either an aci…
Reactions in Aqueous Solution
aqueous
electrolytes
electrodes
strong electrolyte
Dissolved in water
A substance that is dissolved in solution and some of its mol…
the part of a cell through which charges enter or exit
soluble compounds that completely form ions in solution
aqueous
Dissolved in water
electrolytes
A substance that is dissolved in solution and some of its mol…
acids and bases
acidic solution
amphoteric
basic solution
conjugate acid
one in which H+ is greater than OH-
a substance that can act as both an acid and a base
one in which H+ is less than OH-
the particle formed when a base gains a hydrogen ion
acidic solution
one in which H+ is greater than OH-
amphoteric
a substance that can act as both an acid and a base
Brown & Lemay Chapter 4: Reactions in Aqueous Solution
solution
solvent
solute
electrolyte
a homogeneous mixture of two or more substances
the dissolving medium of a solution: normally the component o…
substance dissolved in a solvent to form a a solution: it is…
a solute the produces ions in solution: an electrolytic solut…
solution
a homogeneous mixture of two or more substances
solvent
the dissolving medium of a solution: normally the component o…
14 terms
2.6 pH and aqueous solutions
pH
hydronium ion
hydroxide ion
weak acids
- log10 [H3O+]
H3O+
OH-
CH3COOH and other organic acids are examples of _____
pH
- log10 [H3O+]
hydronium ion
H3O+
13 terms
Chem acids and base vocab
Acidic solution
Basic solution
Hydronium ion
Arrhenius model
Contains more hydrogen ions than hydroxide ions
Contains more hydroxide ions than hydrogen ions
Hydrated hydrogen ion; H3O+
States that an acid is a substance that contains hydrogen and…
Acidic solution
Contains more hydrogen ions than hydroxide ions
Basic solution
Contains more hydroxide ions than hydrogen ions
36 terms
Reactions In Aqueous Solution
Polar bond
Strong electrolyte
Weak electrolyte
Nonelectrolyte
Formed when there is an unequal distribution of charge betwee…
Dissociates completely into ions when dissolved in H2O, condu…
Produces relatively few ions when dissolved in H2O, conducts…
Dissolves in water to form neutral molecules; has no effect o…
Polar bond
Formed when there is an unequal distribution of charge betwee…
Strong electrolyte
Dissociates completely into ions when dissolved in H2O, condu…
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