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Study sets matching "term:acids = start with "h", binary acids use hydro, ternary no prefix, ending is ic, or ous, depends on polyatomic"

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Study sets matching "term:acids = start with "h", binary acids use hydro, ternary no prefix, ending is ic, or ous, depends on polyatomic"

11 terms
Nomenclature- Chemistry
Acid
Molecular
Ionic
Binary and ternary
formula begins with H or ends with -COOH.
formula is all nonmetals and name has prefixes such as mono-,…
formula begins with a metal (or NH4) and ends with a nonmetal…
What are the two types of acids?
Acid
formula begins with H or ends with -COOH.
Molecular
formula is all nonmetals and name has prefixes such as mono-,…
29 terms
Chemistry Nomenclature
1 Roman numeral
2 Roman numeral
3 Roman numeral
4 Roman numeral
i
ii
iii
iv
1 Roman numeral
i
2 Roman numeral
ii
41 terms
test 5
Reduction
oxidation
metals+ H ...
nonmetals ...
gain of electrons
loss of electrons
replaced each other
replace each other
Reduction
gain of electrons
oxidation
loss of electrons
54 terms
MIDTERMS!!!
Definition of Binary
What does a Binary compound end with
2 ways to know a binary compound
When writing a binary IONIC compound N…
A chemical compound of 2 elements
ide
2 capital letters and the the formula name ends with ide
Never use prefixes when writing a Binary IONIC Compound
Definition of Binary
A chemical compound of 2 elements
What does a Binary compound end with
ide
32 terms
Nomenclature
H2O
NaHCO3
C6H12O6
NH3
Water
Sodium bicarbonate
Glucose(simple sugar)
Ammonia
H2O
Water
NaHCO3
Sodium bicarbonate
7 terms
Naming acids and writing acid formulas
Acid
When acid dissolves in water
Binary acid
Rules for binary acids 4:
A solution that produced hydrogen ions in a solution
It donates a proton
Acid composed of 2 elements first is hydrogen
Prefix hydro... Root of anion is used... Suffix ic is replaced with…
Acid
A solution that produced hydrogen ions in a solution
When acid dissolves in water
It donates a proton
34 terms
Chemistry Naming + Writing Formulas
Acid names end in
Acid names always start with
If the acid is named hydro _ic acid th…
If the acid is named _ous acid the ani…
acid
Hydrogen
ide
ite
Acid names end in
acid
Acid names always start with
Hydrogen
18 terms
Writing and Naming formulas
Oxidation #
When writing formulas what do you do f…
The sum of the positive and negative m…
What do you do if you write a formula…
The # of electrons an element gains loses or shares when comb…
Oxidation #... Cc... Reduce
Zero
Must use parentheses
Oxidation #
The # of electrons an element gains loses or shares when comb…
When writing formulas what do you do f…
Oxidation #... Cc... Reduce
12 terms
Chem
Molecular
Ionic
Polyatomic
Base
No metals... Prefixes
Metal and non metal ... Transition metals use Roman numeral ... No…
Treat like ionic
End in OH ... _____ hydroxide ... Ionic
Molecular
No metals... Prefixes
Ionic
Metal and non metal ... Transition metals use Roman numeral ... No…
21 terms
Chem Chapter 5
binary compounds
binary ionic compounds
binary covalent
type I
composed of two kinds of elements
composed of metal - nonmetal
composed of nonmetal - nonmetal
metal present forms only one cation
binary compounds
composed of two kinds of elements
binary ionic compounds
composed of metal - nonmetal
67 terms
chapter six chem
two types of acids
type of anion for binary acids
type of anion for ternary acids
how to name binary acids
binary... ternary
monatomic
polyatomic
hydro (root of anion)ic acid
two types of acids
binary... ternary
type of anion for binary acids
monatomic
37 terms
ap chem chapter 2 test
atomic number equals
how to get neutrons
if given neutrons, how do you find mas…
acids start with
protons/ electrons
mass number minus atomic number
add protons
h
atomic number equals
protons/ electrons
how to get neutrons
mass number minus atomic number
30 terms
Unit 5- NAMING ELEMENTS
are nonmentals usually: anions, or cat…
are metals usually: anions or cations?
suffix of ions?
What type of element type do you need…
anions
cations
-ide
Ionic (Type 2) with multiple charges... Only needed in name n…
are nonmentals usually: anions, or cat…
anions
are metals usually: anions or cations?
cations
10 terms
naming compounds
2 elements
binary ionic
molecular compounds
binary acids
binary compound
metal and a nonmetal + ide... use roman numerals for moody metals
2 nonmetals above the staircase... use prefixes
H+nonmetal... hydro + name of 2nd element + ic acid... HBr+ hydrobr…
2 elements
binary compound
binary ionic
metal and a nonmetal + ide... use roman numerals for moody metals
12 terms
Acids
Acids starting with hydro and ending w…
Acids ending with ic come from what?
Acids ending with ous come from what?
Root of sulfate/sulfite
An ion ending in ide
An ion ending in ate
An ion ending in ite
Sulfur (not sulf)
Acids starting with hydro and ending w…
An ion ending in ide
Acids ending with ic come from what?
An ion ending in ate
11 terms
naming compounds, ionic, covalent, and acids
ionic
If there is a polyatmoic ion for ionic…
If there is not a polyatmoic ion for i…
Is the metal a transition metal or Sn…
is there a polyatomic ion?
ternary(3) ionic
binary(2) ionic
yes or no
ionic
is there a polyatomic ion?
If there is a polyatmoic ion for ionic…
ternary(3) ionic
20 terms
Chemical Composition Test
oxidation number
mono
di
tri
the number of electrons an element gains, loses, or shares wh…
what is the prefix for one?
what is the prefix for two?
what is the prefix for three?
oxidation number
the number of electrons an element gains, loses, or shares wh…
mono
what is the prefix for one?
12 terms
Chemistry covalent bonds
Acids
How do you know its an acid?
Nonoxoacids
Naming nonoxoacids
Molecular compounds containing hydrogen and a nonmetal polyat…
Has hydrogen or the word acid
No oxygen
Hydro+ nonmetal root and end with ic
Acids
Molecular compounds containing hydrogen and a nonmetal polyat…
How do you know its an acid?
Has hydrogen or the word acid
21 terms
Chemical Nomenclature
Cation
Anion
Ionic Compound
Covalent
Named by element; the positive ion/the metal
Ends in -ide; the negative ion/the non-metal
Transfer of electrons
Two or more nonmetals combined; the sharing of electrons
Cation
Named by element; the positive ion/the metal
Anion
Ends in -ide; the negative ion/the non-metal
14 terms
Chemistry Chapter 3
Hydrates
Naming hydrates
Molecular Compounds
Naming Molecular Compounds
Ionic compounds containing a specific number of waters for ea…
prefix+hydrate after name of ionic compound
Composed of two or more nonmetals
first write the more metal like one first ... prefix name of fir…
Hydrates
Ionic compounds containing a specific number of waters for ea…
Naming hydrates
prefix+hydrate after name of ionic compound
12 terms
Naming and Formula writing
ionic bond
covalent bond
binary ionic compounds with regular me…
binary ionic compounds with transition…
metal to non metal
non metal to non metal
charges of both have to add up to 0, change ending to die
roma numerals are used to indicate the charge of the transiti…
ionic bond
metal to non metal
covalent bond
non metal to non metal
Chem
Mono, di, tri, tetra, penta, hexa, hep…
Ic hydro (root) acid
Ate (root) ic acid
Ite (root) ous acid
Prefix
No oxygen
Oxygen
Oxygen
Mono, di, tri, tetra, penta, hexa, hep…
Prefix
Ic hydro (root) acid
No oxygen
20 terms
Chemistry Binomial Nomenclature
ionic bond how e arranged
covalent bond how e arranged
3.3-1.7 what bonds' electronegativity
1.7-.3 what bonds' electronegativity
forms when valence electrons are transfered from one atom to…
electrons are shared forming a molecule
ionic
polar covalent
ionic bond how e arranged
forms when valence electrons are transfered from one atom to…
covalent bond how e arranged
electrons are shared forming a molecule
62 terms
AAMI Intro to Chemistry week 5
Oxides
Bases
Acids
Binary acids
a metal or nonmetal plus oxygen will give you?
metal plus hydroxide will give you ?
Are compounds that always contain hydrogen and it's always at…
hydrogen plus a nonmetal will give you?
Oxides
a metal or nonmetal plus oxygen will give you?
Bases
metal plus hydroxide will give you ?
27 terms
Chem Test Units 3&4
0-.4
.5-1.9
2.0+
ionic properties
nonpolar covalent
polar covalent
ionic
high melting point and solubility, good conductor, like salt
0-.4
nonpolar covalent
.5-1.9
polar covalent
9 terms
Acids and Bases
Binary Acids
Ternary Acids
Acids
Bases
2 elements... H and a non metallic element... Gases at room temp... Aq…
3 or more elements... H and a polyatomic ion... Naming: polyatomics…
Tend to start with H, sour, reacts with metal to produce H ga…
Tend to end is OH, bitter, slippery, produce OH- ions, ph>7,…
Binary Acids
2 elements... H and a non metallic element... Gases at room temp... Aq…
Ternary Acids
3 or more elements... H and a polyatomic ion... Naming: polyatomics…
13 terms
Acids and bases unit 13
Binary acids
Ternary acids
Naming binary acids
Naming Ternary Acids
Two elements only, compounds with an H cation and a non-metal…
Compounds with a H cation and a polyatomic anion Ex. H2SO4
-use hydro as prefix... -use root name of nonmetal... -use '-ic' su…
-NO 'hydro' prefix ... -H polyatomic ends in '-ate' change to '-…
Binary acids
Two elements only, compounds with an H cation and a non-metal…
Ternary acids
Compounds with a H cation and a polyatomic anion Ex. H2SO4
35 terms
CHEMICAL FORMULAS
Category I
Rule
These metallic ions have
The binary ionic compounds formed are
Binary ionic compounds are metallic ions from groups 1 & grou…
Name cation then anion ... The anion ends with ide
Only one type of charge
Composed of cation & anion
Category I
Binary ionic compounds are metallic ions from groups 1 & grou…
Rule
Name cation then anion ... The anion ends with ide
11 terms
Chemistry naming
Binary molecular compound
First element is named first using the…
Second element is named with its root…
Prefixes are used
Two nonmetal atoms
Binary molecular compound
Binary molecular compounds
Binary molecular compounds
Binary molecular compound
Two nonmetal atoms
First element is named first using the…
Binary molecular compound
8 terms
Chapter 7 Chemistry Review
Ionic Compounds are made up of what?
Covalent Compounds are made up of what?
How to name Ionic Compounds:
How to name Binary Acid Nomenclatures:
Metals and Non-Metals
2 Non-Metals
- For metals, just use their element name or their element na…
H and one other element... Hydro __________ Acid
Ionic Compounds are made up of what?
Metals and Non-Metals
Covalent Compounds are made up of what?
2 Non-Metals
8 terms
Chemistry review
Ionic bonds
Covalent bonds
Nonpolar covalent
Polar covalent
Transferring two electron. The EN is greater than 1.7. It occ…
Sharing of 2 electrons. occur between 2 nonmetals. Central at…
EN is less than 0.4 equally Share electrons
Unequal share of electrons. EN is between 0.4 and 1.7
Ionic bonds
Transferring two electron. The EN is greater than 1.7. It occ…
Covalent bonds
Sharing of 2 electrons. occur between 2 nonmetals. Central at…
8 terms
Chapter 7 Chemistry Review
Ionic Compounds are made up of what?
Covalent Compounds are made up of what?
How to name Ionic Compounds:
How to name Binary Acid Nomenclatures:
Metals and Non-Metals
2 Non-Metals
- For metals, just use their element name or their element na…
H and one other element... Hydro __________ Acid
Ionic Compounds are made up of what?
Metals and Non-Metals
Covalent Compounds are made up of what?
2 Non-Metals
48 terms
Nomenclature Review
Chlorate
Peroxide
Perchlorate
Nitrite
ClO3 -1
O2 -2
ClO4 -1
NO2 -1
Chlorate
ClO3 -1
Peroxide
O2 -2
24 terms
Rules for Writing Formulas and Naming Compounds
Binary ionic
Ternary
Acids
cation
A compound is ..... if there are only two elements in the com…
A compound is .... if it contains more than 2 elements and at…
The compound starts with H
In naming a binary compound, the ... is given first... *Note: if…
Binary ionic
A compound is ..... if there are only two elements in the com…
Ternary
A compound is .... if it contains more than 2 elements and at…
15 terms
Nomenclature U5 Ch4
Nonmetals w covalent bonds
Non metals w covalent bonds naming (bi…
Metal+non metal, charge is known forms…
2 cations, if charge is NOT known
Polyatomic ions
Add Greek prefix to show number of atoms
Binary Ionic (Type I)
Binary ionic (Type II)
Nonmetals w covalent bonds
Polyatomic ions
Non metals w covalent bonds naming (bi…
Add Greek prefix to show number of atoms
25 terms
chemistry unit 4 terms
binary salts
binary salts
binary acids
binary acids
contain a metal and nonmetal
to name: name element 1, change ending of element 2 to ide.
contain hydrogen and a nonmetal
to name: change hydrogen to hydro. Change the ending of eleme…
binary salts
contain a metal and nonmetal
binary salts
to name: name element 1, change ending of element 2 to ide.
17 terms
Naming Compounds
Cations are
Anions are
When compounds aren't binary its becau…
If the negative ion isn't polyatomic,…
Positve
Negative
A polyatomic ion
"Ide"
Cations are
Positve
Anions are
Negative
24 terms
Rules for Writing Formulas and Naming Compounds
Binary ionic
Ternary
Acids
cation
A compound is ..... if there are only two elements in the com…
A compound is .... if it contains more than 2 elements and at…
The compound starts with H
In naming a binary compound, the ... is given first... *Note: if…
Binary ionic
A compound is ..... if there are only two elements in the com…
Ternary
A compound is .... if it contains more than 2 elements and at…
14 terms
Unit 3
Chemical bond
ionic bond
covalent bond
diatomic molecule
attractive force that holds Atoms together
Chemical bond by and electron transfer between metal and non-…
Chemical bond by sharing electrons between non-metal and nonm…
molecules of two in denticle atoms always occur in nature in…
Chemical bond
attractive force that holds Atoms together
ionic bond
Chemical bond by and electron transfer between metal and non-…
26 terms
Naming and Writing Chemical Compounds and Acids
Oxidation Number or Valence Number
what should the sum of the positive an…
Polyatomic Ion
Mono
the number of electrons an element gains, loses, or shares wh…
zero
2 or more elements that are covalently bonded with a charge
1
Oxidation Number or Valence Number
the number of electrons an element gains, loses, or shares wh…
what should the sum of the positive an…
zero
31 terms
Chemical Nomenclature
binary compounds
ternary compounds
ionic naming
binary ionic naming
compounds with 2 elements
-compounds with 3 (or more) elements... -contains polyatomic ion…
-represented by formula units... -empirical formula (SIMPLIFY)
-write name of cation (+)... -use Roman Numerals... -write name of…
binary compounds
compounds with 2 elements
ternary compounds
-compounds with 3 (or more) elements... -contains polyatomic ion…
62 terms
AAMI Intro to Chemistry week 5
Oxides
Bases
Acids
Binary acids
a metal or nonmetal plus oxygen will give you?
metal plus hydroxide will give you ?
Are compounds that always contain hydrogen and it's always at…
hydrogen plus a nonmetal will give you?
Oxides
a metal or nonmetal plus oxygen will give you?
Bases
metal plus hydroxide will give you ?
46 terms
acids, bases, and salts
Arrhenius
Brönsted-Lowry
Lewis
the physical breaking apart of ions fr…
acids create H3O+, bases create OH-
acids are proton donors, bases are proton acceptors
acids are electron pair acceptors, bases are electron pair do…
dissociation
Arrhenius
acids create H3O+, bases create OH-
Brönsted-Lowry
acids are proton donors, bases are proton acceptors
26 terms
Nomenclature TU
cation
anion
type 1
type 2
metal
non metal
metal and nonmetal
transition metal and nonmetal
cation
metal
anion
non metal
30 terms
Chapter 5 Nomenclature
Al
Ag
Cd
Zn
+3
+1
+2
+2
Al
+3
Ag
+1
29 terms
Chemistry Unit 5
binary ionic compounds
polyatomic/ternary ions
binary covalent nomenclature
acids
metal bonded to non-metal, change ending of non-metal to ide
many atoms with a charge
2 non-metals, use prefixes to show subscripts, change ending…
start with H, ionic and charges must be crossed
binary ionic compounds
metal bonded to non-metal, change ending of non-metal to ide
polyatomic/ternary ions
many atoms with a charge
12 terms
Chemistry chapter seven
Acids with no prefix and an ic ending…
How many elements are in an acid that…
Ionic compound
Molecular and covalent
Ate
Two
Metal and nonmetal
Non and non
Acids with no prefix and an ic ending…
Ate
How many elements are in an acid that…
Two
10 terms
naming molecules 12 10 14 chemistry unit 6
end in ide, all have prefixes, non met…
end in ide, do not have prefixes, meta…
ide
roman numeral
naming covalent binary molecules
Naming Ionic binary molecules
means that the element is monoatomic
says the charge of the element, transition metal
end in ide, all have prefixes, non met…
naming covalent binary molecules
end in ide, do not have prefixes, meta…
Naming Ionic binary molecules
19 terms
naming and writing vocabulary
anion
cation
ion
polyatomic ion
negatively charged ion
positively charged ion
charged particle or atom that gained or lost electrons
ion made of two or more atoms
anion
negatively charged ion
cation
positively charged ion
42 terms
Chemistry Chemical Naming Quiz
Do ionics have prefixes or no prefixes?
What comes first in monatomic ionic io…
Do monatomic ionic ions keep their ele…
Anion
no prefixes
cations
keep their element names
last
Do ionics have prefixes or no prefixes?
no prefixes
What comes first in monatomic ionic io…
cations
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