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Study sets matching "term:acids bases = can cause severe burns and tissue damage"

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Study sets matching "term:acids bases = can cause severe burns and tissue damage"

34 terms
acids & bases
sour taste
bitter taste
produces hydrogen ions in solution
corrosive
acid
base
acid
acid and base
sour taste
acid
bitter taste
base
22 terms
Properties of Acids and Bases
Acid
Base
Acid
Acid and Base
Sour Taste
Bitter Taste
Produces Hydrogen ions in solution
Is often corrosive
Acid
Sour Taste
Base
Bitter Taste
38 terms
Science - Acids and Bases
Acid
Acid
Acid
Acid
substances that release H+
react with metal
acetic acid (vinegar)
has a low ph
Acid
substances that release H+
Acid
react with metal
Acids and Bases Only
Acid
Base
Acid
Acids and bases
Sour taste
Bitter taste
Produces more H+ ( hydrogen atoms) in solution
Often corrosive
Acid
Sour taste
Base
Bitter taste
17 terms
Acid/Base
Sour taste
Bitter taste
Produces hydrogen ions in solution
Is often corrosive
Acid
Base
Acid
Acid and Base
Sour taste
Acid
Bitter taste
Base
33 terms
Acids and Bases
Solution
Aqueous solution
Solute
Solvent
has same shape, color, density, and taste.
solution where water is solvent
substance being dissolved into solution
substance doing the dissolving into a solution.
Solution
has same shape, color, density, and taste.
Aqueous solution
solution where water is solvent
18 terms
Acids and Bases test-
acid
base
base
acid and base
sour taste
bitter taste
slippery
often corrosive
acid
sour taste
base
bitter taste
35 terms
Acids and Bases
a substance that produces hydrogen ion…
a substance that produces hydroxide io…
H3O+ ion, forms when an acid dissolves…
OH- ion, forms when a base dissolves i…
acid
base
hydronium ion
hydroxide ion
a substance that produces hydrogen ion…
acid
a substance that produces hydroxide io…
base
68 terms
Burns
airway, breathing, circulation, disabi…
thermal
chemical
electrical
Assess ABCDE's of burns
what is the mechanism of injury?... scald, steam, flame (fire),…
what is the mechanism of injury?... acid, base, gas, lye, paint…
what is the mechanism of injury?... AC, DC, lightening
airway, breathing, circulation, disabi…
Assess ABCDE's of burns
thermal
what is the mechanism of injury?... scald, steam, flame (fire),…
55 terms
Burns; examples of inflammation and healing
burn
heat burns
electrical or chemical burns
any burn injury
a thermal or non-thermal injury to the body, causing acute in…
thermal burns
non-thermal burns
causes an acute inflammatory response and release of chemical…
burn
a thermal or non-thermal injury to the body, causing acute in…
heat burns
thermal burns
22 terms
Cutaneous Glands, Nails, Hair, Burns, and Tissue Repair
Apocrine Glands
Merocrine Sweat Glands
Sweat
Sebaceous Glands
are Found in the Groin, Axilla, Areola, Anal Region, and Bear…
Most Numerous Skin Glands, Which Help to Cool the Body... Myoep…
a Filtrate of Blood Plasma and Includes Some Small Solutes Su…
Use Holocrine Secretion and Have Ducts Which Open Into Hair F…
Apocrine Glands
are Found in the Groin, Axilla, Areola, Anal Region, and Bear…
Merocrine Sweat Glands
Most Numerous Skin Glands, Which Help to Cool the Body... Myoep…
26 terms
Burns
Zone of coagulation
Zone of stasis
Zone of hyperemia
Rule of 9's: head and neck
cells are irreversibly injured, cell death occurs
cells are injured; may die without specialized treatment, usu…
minimal cell injury; cells should recover
9%
Zone of coagulation
cells are irreversibly injured, cell death occurs
Zone of stasis
cells are injured; may die without specialized treatment, usu…
46 terms
Burns
Initial Evaluation:
Signs of Respiratory compromise:
Preferred method for advanced airway?
Patho for Respiratory Compromise
airway... injury... size of burns... CO or cyanide poisoning
-A hoarse voice... -Wheezing, or stridor... -Subjective dyspnea ... -s…
oral intubation
-Swelling in mucosal surfaces... -Fluid develops in alveoli... -Cil…
Initial Evaluation:
airway... injury... size of burns... CO or cyanide poisoning
Signs of Respiratory compromise:
-A hoarse voice... -Wheezing, or stridor... -Subjective dyspnea ... -s…
46 terms
Chapter 23 Acids, Bases and Salts
Acids contain at least one _____ atom…
An acid is a substance that produces _…
When an acid dissolves in water, ____…
All acids taste _______.
hydrogen
hydrogen ions
H⁺, H₃O⁺ (hydrodium)
sour
Acids contain at least one _____ atom…
hydrogen
An acid is a substance that produces _…
hydrogen ions
29 terms
Physical science acids and bases
Acids
Bases
bases
acids
Has more hydronium ions than hydroxide HCL -> H+ +CL-
Has moe hydroxide ions than hydronium NaOH -> Na+ + OH-
Greater than 7 pH
Less than 7 pH
Acids
Has more hydronium ions than hydroxide HCL -> H+ +CL-
Bases
Has moe hydroxide ions than hydronium NaOH -> Na+ + OH-
49 terms
Burns
Thermal burns
Electrical burns
Chemical burns
Radiation burns
scald ... fire/heat (flash or flame)... grease
entrance and exit wound ... burn from "inside out"... unpredictable…
acid ... alkaline ... drugs
radiotherapy ... sun exposure ... medical equipment (US)
Thermal burns
scald ... fire/heat (flash or flame)... grease
Electrical burns
entrance and exit wound ... burn from "inside out"... unpredictable…
17 terms
Acid or Base?
Acid
Base
Acid
Both
sour taste
bitter taste
produces hydrogen ions in solution
is often corrosive
Acid
sour taste
Base
bitter taste
44 terms
Science Acids, Bases and Solutions Vocabulary
acid
base
indicator
saturated solution
a substance that produces hydrogen ions in a water solution
any substance that forms hydroxide ions, OH-, in a water solu…
an organic compound that changes color in acids and bases
a solution that contains all the solute it can hold at a give…
acid
a substance that produces hydrogen ions in a water solution
base
any substance that forms hydroxide ions, OH-, in a water solu…
16 terms
acid and bases
acid
base
neutral
acid properties
a substance with a pH below 7
a substance with a pH above 7
a substance with a pH of 7
sour taste, conduct electricity, can burn or damage tissue
acid
a substance with a pH below 7
base
a substance with a pH above 7
44 terms
Burns
The incidence of burns patients is ___…
_________ damage to the skin can be ca…
_____% of burns injuries occur in and…
Approx. half of the burn survivors are…
1.25 million
Thermal
80
regional burns centers
The incidence of burns patients is ___…
1.25 million
_________ damage to the skin can be ca…
Thermal
46 terms
Burns
Initial Evaluation:
Signs of Respiratory compromise:
Preferred method for advanced airway?
Patho for Respiratory Compromise
airway... injury... size of burns... CO or cyanide poisoning
-A hoarse voice... -Wheezing, or stridor... -Subjective dyspnea ... -s…
oral intubation
-Swelling in mucosal surfaces... -Fluid develops in alveoli... -Cil…
Initial Evaluation:
airway... injury... size of burns... CO or cyanide poisoning
Signs of Respiratory compromise:
-A hoarse voice... -Wheezing, or stridor... -Subjective dyspnea ... -s…
39 terms
Chapter 15 Acids, Bases and Salts
Acids contain at least one _____ atom…
An acid is a substance that produces _…
When an acid dissolves in water, ____…
All acids taste _______.
hydrogen
hydrogen ions
H⁺, H₃O⁺ (hydrodium)
sour
Acids contain at least one _____ atom…
hydrogen
An acid is a substance that produces _…
hydrogen ions
52 terms
Burns
Risk factors for burns
Functions of the skin
Five types of burn injuries
Two factors that affect the extent of…
- Inadequate adult supervision... - Psychomotor disorders... - Rura…
- Conservation of bodily fluids... - Temperature regulation... - Vi…
Thermal, chemical, electrical, radiation, and scald burns
The degree of temperature and the length of exposure
Risk factors for burns
- Inadequate adult supervision... - Psychomotor disorders... - Rura…
Functions of the skin
- Conservation of bodily fluids... - Temperature regulation... - Vi…
54 terms
Science #1
Acids
Bases
Acids
Both
Sour taste
Bitter taste
Produces hydrogen ions in solution
Is often corrosive
Acids
Sour taste
Bases
Bitter taste
21 terms
acids/bases
acid
acid
acid
acid
pain of bee stings
ionizable hydrogen
hydronium ion
eats away metal
acid
pain of bee stings
acid
ionizable hydrogen
264 terms
BURNS IGGY
After a burn injury massive fluid loss…
With ______________ burns nerve ending…
With ______________ burns nerve ending…
Burns reduce activation of vitamin ___.
Evaporation
Partial-thickness
Full-thickness
D. Partial-thickness burns reduce the activation of vitamin D…
After a burn injury massive fluid loss…
Evaporation
With ______________ burns nerve ending…
Partial-thickness
19 terms
Burns
thermal burns
chemical burns
The degree of injury depends on
electric burns
the result of exposure to hot object, scalding liquids, greas…
AKA caustic burns. Occurs when your skin or eyes come into co…
the length of time of connect, the amount of voltage, and the…
results in intense tissue injury with necrosis. This can caus…
thermal burns
the result of exposure to hot object, scalding liquids, greas…
chemical burns
AKA caustic burns. Occurs when your skin or eyes come into co…
13 terms
Burns
what happens when skin is injured
1st degree burn
2nd degree burn
3rd degree burn
body loses fluid like blood plasms & electrolytes... can't regul…
superficial- outer layer of skin is burned, red blanching
epidermis is destroyed, portion of dermis is destroyed, blist…
all layers of the dermis are damaged... possible damage to muscl…
what happens when skin is injured
body loses fluid like blood plasms & electrolytes... can't regul…
1st degree burn
superficial- outer layer of skin is burned, red blanching
18 terms
Acids and Bases
process of becoming neutral and is a d…
neutral
neutralization makes
high concentration=
neutralization
pH=7
water
strong acid
process of becoming neutral and is a d…
neutralization
neutral
pH=7
108 terms
Burns
A traumatic injury to the skin or othe…
what model states that a burn wound is…
what are the zones of injury in the ja…
zone of coagulation
burn
jackson burn model
zone of coag... zone of stasis... zone of hyperaemia
the zone of severe damage caused by primary injury. This tiss…
A traumatic injury to the skin or othe…
burn
what model states that a burn wound is…
jackson burn model
16 terms
Acid and Bases (A = acid; B = base; AB = acid and base)
sour taste
bitter taste
produces hydrogen ions in solution
is often corrosive (acids corrode meta…
A
B
A
AB
sour taste
A
bitter taste
B
72 terms
Burns and Burn Management
Name the 4 types of burns
Denature
What three components of the burning a…
Explain the three components to Jackso…
Thermal, Radiation, Electrical, Chemical
Altering the original substance of somthing
The length of time left agent has contact with skin, the conc…
Zone of coagulation, Zone of Stasis, Zone of Hyperemia,
Name the 4 types of burns
Thermal, Radiation, Electrical, Chemical
Denature
Altering the original substance of somthing
101 terms
BURNS
When do burns occur?
burn incidence
the peds patient...what is the most co…
peds: BSA
Occur when there is injury (alteration in skin integrity) to…
More than 1 million burn injuries per year... 45,000 hospitaliza…
35% of all burn injuries occur in children, 85% of pediatric…
-Children have a greater body surface area (BSA) per kilogram…
When do burns occur?
Occur when there is injury (alteration in skin integrity) to…
burn incidence
More than 1 million burn injuries per year... 45,000 hospitaliza…
112 terms
Burns
coagulation
chemical injury
hypocalcemia
acids
thermal injuries cause cell injury by __________
contact, inhalation, and ingestion/injection are methods of i…
hydrofluoric acid can cause what
____ cause coagulation necrosis of tissue and precipitation o…
coagulation
thermal injuries cause cell injury by __________
chemical injury
contact, inhalation, and ingestion/injection are methods of i…
55 terms
Chemistry Chapter 14: Acids and Bases
Sour
Concentrated acids
Acids
Salt + water
Acid aqueous solution have a ________ taste
Corrosive to body tissue and clothing. Many are poisoning
Some react with active metals and release H2
Acid + base produces
Sour
Acid aqueous solution have a ________ taste
Concentrated acids
Corrosive to body tissue and clothing. Many are poisoning
125 terms
IGS: Burns - [HESI, Chapter 4]
Necrosis caused by the transfer of ene…
What are the 4 categories of burns?
Tissue destruction caused by burns res…
When proteins or nucleic acids lose th…
Burns
Chemical... Thermal... Electrical... Radiation
Coagulation... Protein ... Ionization
Denaturization
Necrosis caused by the transfer of ene…
Burns
What are the 4 categories of burns?
Chemical... Thermal... Electrical... Radiation
46 terms
Chapter 23 Acids, Bases and Salts
Acids contain at least one _____ atom…
An acid is a substance that produces _…
When an acid dissolves in water, ____…
All acids taste _______.
hydrogen
hydrogen ions
H⁺, H₃O⁺ (hydrodium)
sour
Acids contain at least one _____ atom…
hydrogen
An acid is a substance that produces _…
hydrogen ions
NSP OEC Chap 19 Burns
Burn Emergency Room visits per year
burn hospitalizations per year
burn deaths per year
skin roles
70,000
45,000
3000
protection underlying structures... protection against pathogens…
Burn Emergency Room visits per year
70,000
burn hospitalizations per year
45,000
42 terms
Burn Injuries
Functions of the skin
When a burn occurs, damaged cells rele…
Histamine and prostaglandins causes wh…
Thromboxane A2
Protects against excessive fluid and electrolyte losses... prote…
numerous inflammatory mediators... substances which increase cap…
vasodilation
increases size of zone of stasis by promoting platelet aggreg…
Functions of the skin
Protects against excessive fluid and electrolyte losses... prote…
When a burn occurs, damaged cells rele…
numerous inflammatory mediators... substances which increase cap…
90 terms
Trauma Burns
Thermal trauma is
Thermal trauma leads to immediate conc…
Thermal trauma can affect
Common cause of death relative to burn…
Third leading cause of trauma death
airway, breathing, and circulation
Can affect respiratory, heart, kidneys, GI, immune
complications and respiratory failure
Thermal trauma is
Third leading cause of trauma death
Thermal trauma leads to immediate conc…
airway, breathing, and circulation
118 terms
Burns
Four types of burns
Thermal burns
Chemical burns
Chemical burns- organic compound burns
Thermal, electrical, radiation, chemical
Exposure to dry heat- flames, moist heat- steam or hot liquid…
Direct contact with acids, alkaline,or organic compounds. Bur…
Petroleum distillates- cause cutaneous damage through fat sol…
Four types of burns
Thermal, electrical, radiation, chemical
Thermal burns
Exposure to dry heat- flames, moist heat- steam or hot liquid…
63 terms
Burns, Frostbite, Pressure Ulcers
Burns result from
Factors that influence injury severity…
Superficial Burns (1st degree): ... ***TE…
Superficial Partial Thickness Burns (2…
direct contact or exposure to any thermal, chemical, electric…
burn depth, size, location, age (children under 4 and the eld…
Superficial damage to the epidermis only resulting in dry, pa…
injury to the epidermis and part of the dermis resulting in b…
Burns result from
direct contact or exposure to any thermal, chemical, electric…
Factors that influence injury severity…
burn depth, size, location, age (children under 4 and the eld…
45 terms
burns
Functions of the skin
Pathophysiology of burns
Pre-hospital bystanders
rule of nines
Barrier to infection & penetration... Protection from external…
Loss of skin integrity... Fluid shifts... Electrolyte loss ... second…
Rescue... Put out the fire... Stop, drop and roll... If the burn is bi…
look at picture
Functions of the skin
Barrier to infection & penetration... Protection from external…
Pathophysiology of burns
Loss of skin integrity... Fluid shifts... Electrolyte loss ... second…
96 terms
Burns
Phases of Burn
most common cause of burn injuries, pl…
4 types of burns
which stage of burn: pain response and…
Stage 1: Emergent phase ... Stage 2: Fluid shift phase... stage 3:…
fire/flame... Home... Caucasian... Male
thermal... electrical ... chemical... radiation
Stage 1 - Emergent phase
Phases of Burn
Stage 1: Emergent phase ... Stage 2: Fluid shift phase... stage 3:…
most common cause of burn injuries, pl…
fire/flame... Home... Caucasian... Male
49 terms
Combo with "acids bases vocab" and 1 other
oxyacid
ternary acids
anhydrides
acidic anhydride
an acid that is a compound of hydrogen, oxygen, and a third e…
contain three elements: hydrogen, oxygen, and an- other nonme…
oxides that react with water to form acids and basesa
a nonmetallic oxide that, when placed in water, reacts to for…
oxyacid
an acid that is a compound of hydrogen, oxygen, and a third e…
ternary acids
contain three elements: hydrogen, oxygen, and an- other nonme…
131 terms
Acids, Bases, and Salts
Acid-Base Theory
Arrhenius Acids and Bases
Arrhenius Acids
Arrhenius Bases
Acids and bases can be classified in terms of hydrogen ions o…
Compounds are classified as Arrhenius acids or bases based on…
Contain a hydrogen atom that is released in water to form a h…
Contain a hydroxide group which is released in water to form…
Acid-Base Theory
Acids and bases can be classified in terms of hydrogen ions o…
Arrhenius Acids and Bases
Compounds are classified as Arrhenius acids or bases based on…
9 terms
chapter 14 acids and bases
sulfuric acid
sulfuric acid
nitric acid
phosphoric acid
most commonly produced chemical in the world / 47 million ton…
organic substances are dehydrated by sulfuric acid and that i…
uses include making explosives, rubber, plastics, dyes, and p…
the main use is for the production of fertilizers and animal…
sulfuric acid
most commonly produced chemical in the world / 47 million ton…
sulfuric acid
organic substances are dehydrated by sulfuric acid and that i…
47 terms
First Aid
Wound
Abrasions
Lacerations
Caring for minor wounds
a break or tear in the soft tissue of the body
most common type of open wound which is characterized by skin…
a cut with either jagged or smooth edges, usually from a shar…
1. wash hands, put on disposable gloves if available... 2. place…
Wound
a break or tear in the soft tissue of the body
Abrasions
most common type of open wound which is characterized by skin…
31 terms
Science Chapter 23 Sections 1 and 2 Quiz
Acids
Bases
Acids
Acids and bases
have sour taste
bitter taste
Produces hydrogen ions in solutions
Are often corrosive
Acids
have sour taste
Bases
bitter taste
38 terms
Book H - Matter and Energy - Unit 5 - Lesson 2 - Acids, Bases and Salts
Acids contain at least one _____ atom…
An acid is a substance that produces _…
When an acid dissolves in water, ____…
All acids taste _______.
hydrogen
hydrogen ions
H⁺, H₃O⁺ (hydrodium)
sour
Acids contain at least one _____ atom…
hydrogen
An acid is a substance that produces _…
hydrogen ions
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