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Study sets matching "term:anatomy = structure"

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Study sets matching "term:anatomy = structure"

50 terms
Anatomy Structure
Cranium
Mandible
Cervical Vertebrae (7)
Thoracic Vertebrae (12)
the portion of the skull that encloses the brain
The bone of the lower jaw.
Cranium
the portion of the skull that encloses the brain
Mandible
The bone of the lower jaw.
41 terms
Anatomy - Structures
Proximal Epiphysis
Diaphysis
Distal Epiphysis
Spongy Bone
1
2
3
4
Proximal Epiphysis
1
Diaphysis
2
11 terms
Structure & Anatomy
skeletal
muscular
in/teg/u/men/tary
cardiovascular
framework of the body, supporting organs and furnishing a pla…
permits motion/movement
includes skin, hair, nails, sweat, and sebaceous glands
transports the blood
skeletal
framework of the body, supporting organs and furnishing a pla…
muscular
permits motion/movement
13 terms
Anatomy Structure
Male
Testes
Scrotum
Vas Deferens
Produces and releases active sperm
descends from the abdomen into an external sac
external sac that houses the testes
tube that carries sperm from the epididymis to the urethra
Male
Produces and releases active sperm
Testes
descends from the abdomen into an external sac
100 terms
Anatomy Structures
pelvic inlet
pelvic outlet
pubic arch
subpubic angle
pelvic inlet
male
female
pelvic inlet
pelvic inlet
pelvic outlet
8 terms
Anatomy Structure
Anatomy
Physiology
Atoms
Cell
the study of structure and shape of the body and its parts an…
the study of how the body and its parts work or function
tiny building blocks of matter
the smallest units of all living things
Anatomy
the study of structure and shape of the body and its parts an…
Physiology
the study of how the body and its parts work or function
36 terms
Anatomy Structure
Nasal
Oral
Cervical
Acromial
nose
mouth
neck
shoulder
Nasal
nose
Oral
mouth
170 terms
Anatomy Structures
Frontal Cranial bone
Parietal Cranial bone
Temporal Cranial bone
Occipital Cranial bone
Frontal Cranial bone
Parietal Cranial bone
101 terms
anatomy structures
adrenal gland
alveoli
aorta
axon
adrenal gland
alveoli
21 terms
Brain Anatomy Structure
Frontal Lobe
Gyrus
Sulcus
Parietal Lobe
1... Part of the brain associated with motor control, decision…
ridges
groove
5... A region of the cerebral cortex whose functions include pro…
Frontal Lobe
1... Part of the brain associated with motor control, decision…
Gyrus
ridges
20 terms
Anatomy: structures
condyle
facet
head
trochlea
articulating surface
articulating surface
articulating surface
articulating surface
condyle
articulating surface
facet
articulating surface
72 terms
anatomy structures
esophagus... labeled by the trachea
stomach
liver
gallbladder
esophagus... labeled by the trachea
stomach
17 terms
Anatomy Structures
Adipose Tissue
Dense Connective Tissue
Elastic Cartilage
Fibrocartilage
Large fat vacuoles that push nuclei to the outside of the cell.
Closely packed thick collagen fibers.
Poor vascular
tough shock absorber, interverbal disk, between bones in the…
Adipose Tissue
Large fat vacuoles that push nuclei to the outside of the cell.
Dense Connective Tissue
Closely packed thick collagen fibers.
10 terms
Bone Structure (Microscopic Anatomy)
Haversian system (Osteon)
Haversian canal
Lamella (pl. Lamellae)
Lacunae
The unit structure of adult compact bone
Also called the central canal, contains nerves and blood vess…
A layer of bone, weight bearing
Small cavities between adjacent lamellae
Haversian system (Osteon)
The unit structure of adult compact bone
Haversian canal
Also called the central canal, contains nerves and blood vess…
19 terms
Anatomy structures
Articulating surfaces
Condyle
Facet
Head
Condyle... Facet... Head
Large, rounded, articulating knob
Flattened or shallow articulating surface
Prominent, rounded, articulating end of a bone
Articulating surfaces
Condyle... Facet... Head
Condyle
Large, rounded, articulating knob
28 terms
Anatomy: Skin and Structure
Hair Root
Epidermis
Pacinian Corpuscle
Eccrine Sweat Gland
Hair Root
Epidermis
42 terms
Anatomy Structures
Vessicles
Functional Proteins
Lipids
Glycogen
Produces protein moves to Golgi.... Takes activated proteins to…
Builds hormones, insulin, estrogen, and makes enzymes
Polymer:oils and fats... Monomers: Fatty acids + glycerols... cushi…
Long chains of glucose... Store under skin, greater Omentum, and…
Vessicles
Produces protein moves to Golgi.... Takes activated proteins to…
Functional Proteins
Builds hormones, insulin, estrogen, and makes enzymes
40 terms
Anatomy head structure
maxilla
palatine bone
Hard palate
zygomatic bone
maxilla
palatine bone
12 terms
Bones Structure (Gross Anatomy)
Diaphysis
Proximal and Distal Epiphyses
Medullary Cavity
Endosteum
The shaft of a long bone
The two ends of a bone
Cavity surrounded by compact bone and used for fat storage, a…
Thin layer of connected tissue lining the Medullary Cavity
Diaphysis
The shaft of a long bone
Proximal and Distal Epiphyses
The two ends of a bone
12 terms
Anatomy and Structures
medulla
pons
cerebellum
spinal cord
Hindbrain... Involuntary Functions... breathing, blood pressure, s…
Hindbrain... Relay station and balance... connects the medulla to…
hindbrain ... movement coordination... structure that mediates coo…
Spinal... Simple Reflexes... carries information from our brains t…
medulla
Hindbrain... Involuntary Functions... breathing, blood pressure, s…
pons
Hindbrain... Relay station and balance... connects the medulla to…
17 terms
Anatomy Structures
Abdominal Cavity, Right Iliac region,…
Cranial Cavity
Thoracic Cavity
Abdominal Cavity, hypogastric and left…
Appendix
Brain
Bronchi and Esophagus
Colon
Abdominal Cavity, Right Iliac region,…
Appendix
Cranial Cavity
Brain
12 terms
Anatomy Structures
Integumentary
Skeletal
Muscular
Nervous
Skin, sweat glands, oil glands, hair follicles, pain/pressure…
Bones, cartilages, ligaments, joints
Skeletal muscles
Brain, spinal cord, nerves, sensory receptors
Integumentary
Skin, sweat glands, oil glands, hair follicles, pain/pressure…
Skeletal
Bones, cartilages, ligaments, joints
21 terms
anatomy structures
fusiform muscle- parallel
strap muscles- parallel
radiate muscle- parallel
sphincter muscle- parallel
spindle-shape central belly, tapers to tendon on each end. fo…
uniform diameter with essentially all fibers arranged in a lo…
fan-shaped or convergent, originate on broad aponeuroses and…
endless strap muscle, surrounded opening and function to clos…
fusiform muscle- parallel
spindle-shape central belly, tapers to tendon on each end. fo…
strap muscles- parallel
uniform diameter with essentially all fibers arranged in a lo…
26 terms
Anatomy Structures
Cephalic
Orbital
Nasal
Buccal
Head
Eye
Nose
Cheek
Cephalic
Head
Orbital
Eye
62 terms
Structural Anatomy
Anatomical Position
Superior
Anterior
Medial
Standard body position used as a reference point.... Erect, feet…
Higher/Above
Towards front (ventral)
Closer to the mid-line of body
Anatomical Position
Standard body position used as a reference point.... Erect, feet…
Superior
Higher/Above
33 terms
Human Anatomy - Joints (Structure)
Fibrous Joint
Sutures
Synostosis
Syndesmoses
connected by fibrous connective tissue
A fibrous joint composed... of a thin layer of dense irregular c…
Some sutures, although present during growth of the skull, ar…
There is a greater distance and greater amount of Dense Irreg…
Fibrous Joint
connected by fibrous connective tissue
Sutures
A fibrous joint composed... of a thin layer of dense irregular c…
26 terms
Anatomy structures
Cerebrum
Parietal Lobe
Occipital Lobe
Frontal Lobe
controls conscious activity (perception, thought, conscious m…
somatic sensory information
visual imput
decision making, personality, and motor movements
Cerebrum
controls conscious activity (perception, thought, conscious m…
Parietal Lobe
somatic sensory information
28 terms
Anatomy structures
foramen
fissure
hiatus
fossa
hole
elongated opening
opening at the end of a canal
depressed area
foramen
hole
fissure
elongated opening
60 terms
Structural Anatomy
Long Bones
Short Bones
Flat Bones
Irregular bones
tubular and wide. example humerus
Cuboidal and found in the carpus (wrist) or tarsus (ankle)
Protective function which include cranium bones, sternum
various shapes which include bones of the face, vertebra whic…
Long Bones
tubular and wide. example humerus
Short Bones
Cuboidal and found in the carpus (wrist) or tarsus (ankle)
136 terms
Anatomy/ structures
What structures are included in excret…
what is the functional unit of the exc…
what does the structure of the nephron…
what does the Bowman's capsule consit…
kidney... ureters... bladder... urethra
Nephron
Bowman's capsule... proximal convoluted tubule... loop of henle... dis…
parietal layer of the capsule... capsular space... glomerulus
What structures are included in excret…
kidney... ureters... bladder... urethra
what is the functional unit of the exc…
Nephron
35 terms
Brain Anatomy Structure/Function
Functions of the cerebrum
Functions of the cerebellum
Parts of the brain stem
What are the surface marking of the ce…
Consciousness, thought, reason, memory, vision, hearing, touc…
Sensory perception and motor function
Midbrain, pons, and medulla oblongata
Gyri (ridges), Sulci (shallow grooves), and Fissures (deep gr…
Functions of the cerebrum
Consciousness, thought, reason, memory, vision, hearing, touc…
Functions of the cerebellum
Sensory perception and motor function
21 terms
Anatomy - Cell Structure and Function
chromatin
cytoplasm
endoplasmic reticulum
Golgi apparatus
loosely coiled fiber containing DNA and protein within nucleus
occupies space between cell membrane and nucleus
organelle composed of membrane-bound canals
flattened membranous sacs that package a secretion
chromatin
loosely coiled fiber containing DNA and protein within nucleus
cytoplasm
occupies space between cell membrane and nucleus
20 terms
Anatomy muscle structure
tendon
fascia
epimysium
perimysium
a band or sheet of fibrous connective tissue that covers, sup…
tendon
fascia
a band or sheet of fibrous connective tissue that covers, sup…
34 terms
Skeletal Muscle Structure and Anatomy
striated
endomysium
perimysium
epimysium
have alternating dark and light stripes
layer of connective tissue that surrounds individual muscles…
surrounds fasicles
layer of connective tissue that surrounds muscle
striated
have alternating dark and light stripes
endomysium
layer of connective tissue that surrounds individual muscles…
29 terms
Structural Anatomy
Example of a flat bone
Examples of long bones
Example of an irregular bones
Functions of bone
Head
Limbs... Ribs
Carpus
Structural support... Motion... Protection (i.e. ribs, skull)... Miner…
Example of a flat bone
Head
Examples of long bones
Limbs... Ribs
12 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Bone Structure
Femur Bone
Articular Cartilage
Spongy Bone
Space containing red marrow
Articulates movement in the joint.
Its light so the organism can actually move around.
Femur Bone
Articular Cartilage
Articulates movement in the joint.
32 terms
Anatomy: Structure and Function of the Cell
plasma membrane, cytoplasm, and nucleus
plasma membrane
cytoplasm
nucleus
three major parts of a cell
forms outer cell boundary & separates internal environment of…
contains cytosol, cytoskeleton, inclusions, and organelles
control center of cell & contains DNA
plasma membrane, cytoplasm, and nucleus
three major parts of a cell
plasma membrane
forms outer cell boundary & separates internal environment of…
Anatomy external heart structure
Apex
Base of heart
Right Atrium
Auricle of Right Atrium
Apex
Base of heart
22 terms
Anatomy - Body Structure Position
Used to describe the position of struc…
Above (Body Structure Position)
Below (Body Structure Position)
Front (Body Structure Position)
Directional Terms
Superior
Inferior
Anterior
Used to describe the position of struc…
Directional Terms
Above (Body Structure Position)
Superior
10 terms
Structure of the Spine (Anatomy H)
Cervical
Thoracic
lumbar
sacrum
Cervical
Thoracic
8 terms
Bone Structure (Microscopic Anatomy)
Osteon
Haversian canal
Lamellae
Lacunae
The unit structure of adult compact bone
Also called the central canal, contains nerves and blood vess…
A layer of bone, weight bearing
Small cavities between adjacent lamellae
Osteon
The unit structure of adult compact bone
Haversian canal
Also called the central canal, contains nerves and blood vess…
12 terms
Bone Structure: Gross Anatomy
Compact bone
Spongy bone
Trabeculae
Diaphysis
Dense outer layer that looks smooth and solid
Internal layer that looks like a honeycomb of small trabeculae
open spaces filled with yellow or red bone marrow in living b…
tubular shaft that forms long axis of long bones... • Composed o…
Compact bone
Dense outer layer that looks smooth and solid
Spongy bone
Internal layer that looks like a honeycomb of small trabeculae
16 terms
Cell Anatomy- Structure
nucleus
nuclear pores
plasma membrane
ribosomes
cell organelle containing DNA and surrounded by a double memb…
perforations in the nuclear envelope. About 30-100nm in diame…
membrane that encloses cell
A granule found free in the cytoplasm or attached to RER or n…
nucleus
cell organelle containing DNA and surrounded by a double memb…
nuclear pores
perforations in the nuclear envelope. About 30-100nm in diame…
20 terms
Anatomy: Bone Structure
lateral epicondyle
lateral condyle
yellow marrow
medullary cavity
lateral epicondyle
lateral condyle
228 terms
Anatomy Structure Block III
Diaphragm
Intercostal Muscle
mediastinal surface
Cranial Neural crest
Domed muscular... attaches to the Xiphisternum, the coastal marg…
External intercostals run downward and forward- pulling ribs…
On both sides, the bronchus is posters and pulmonary veins ar…
Generate skeletal tissue of face
Diaphragm
Domed muscular... attaches to the Xiphisternum, the coastal marg…
Intercostal Muscle
External intercostals run downward and forward- pulling ribs…
19 terms
Anatomy: Function & Structure
Atria
Ventricles
Aorta
Pulmonary Artery
Upper Heart Chambers. Receive Blood that Comes to Heart. Pump…
Lower Heart Chambers. Pumps Blood to Vessels That Supply the…
Largest Artery. Brings Oxygenated Blood to Body
Takes Blood from Heart to Lungs to be Oxygenated
Atria
Upper Heart Chambers. Receive Blood that Comes to Heart. Pump…
Ventricles
Lower Heart Chambers. Pumps Blood to Vessels That Supply the…
28 terms
Anatomy: Vertebrae & Nerve Structure
Accessory Process
Arachnoid Matter
Body
Dorsal Root
Projection of transverse process
Thin membrane between dura, pia mater
Weight Supporting portion of vertebrae
Spinal nerve root consisting of sensory fibers
Accessory Process
Projection of transverse process
Arachnoid Matter
Thin membrane between dura, pia mater
15 terms
Anatomy-Bone Structure
Epiphysis
Diaphysis
Articulation
Periosteum
The swollen end of a long bone
Long main portion of a bone (shaft)
The point of connection between two bones (joint)
A fibrous, vascular membrane that covers the bone
Epiphysis
The swollen end of a long bone
Diaphysis
Long main portion of a bone (shaft)
34 terms
Anatomy: Bone Structure
Canaliculi
Cancellous bone
Circumferential Lamellae
Compact Bone
Hairlike channels connecting lacunae
Mesh-like, spongy bone
Lamellae arranged parallel to surface of bone or along marrow…
Hard, dense bone
Canaliculi
Hairlike channels connecting lacunae
Cancellous bone
Mesh-like, spongy bone
20 terms
Anatomy Bone Structure QUIZ
Flat Bones (cranial bones)
Bone Cells
Matrix
Flexible bone
layer of spongy bone (dipole) lined on either side by a layer…
Osteocyte - maintains bone tissue... Osteoblast - forms bone mat…
Collagen fibers where inorganic salts can adhere (gives bone…
mineral is removed from bone
Flat Bones (cranial bones)
layer of spongy bone (dipole) lined on either side by a layer…
Bone Cells
Osteocyte - maintains bone tissue... Osteoblast - forms bone mat…
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