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Study sets matching "term:anemia = abnormally low red blood cell count"

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Study sets matching "term:anemia = abnormally low red blood cell count"

10 terms
HEMATINIC AGENTS-commonly prescribed for anemia(low red blood cells) and megaloblastic anemia (low red blood cells, larger than normal red blood cells)
Feosol
Slow Fe
Fer in sol
Ferra TD
Ferrous sulfate... Adverse effects-... constipation
Ferrous sulfate... Adverse effects-... constipation
Ferrous sulfate ... Adverse effects-... constipation
Ferrous sulfate ... Adverse effects-... constipation
Feosol
Ferrous sulfate... Adverse effects-... constipation
Slow Fe
Ferrous sulfate... Adverse effects-... constipation
9 terms
3. What are the formed elements of blood? Describes the process of hemopoiesis. Describe the structure and functions of red blood cells. What is erythropoiesis. Define polycythemia, hypoxia, anemia, reticulocyte count, and hematocrit.
What are the formed elements of blood?
Describes the process of hemopoiesis.
Describe the structure and functions o…
What is erythropoiesis?
(1) erythrocytes, which are red blood cells or RBCs, (2) leuk…
process by which blood cells are produced.
biconcave discs about 8 micrometers in diameter, no nucleus a…
production of RBCs. Occurs in the red bone marrow of the cran…
What are the formed elements of blood?
(1) erythrocytes, which are red blood cells or RBCs, (2) leuk…
Describes the process of hemopoiesis.
process by which blood cells are produced.
38 terms
red blood cells
erythrocytes
erythropoiesis
platelets
leukocytes
red blood cells- biconcave disk... -functions: carry oxygen from…
the rate at which red blood cells are produced
cell fragments from special cell in bone marrow
white blood cells... and has 5 types divided in 2 categories: gr…
erythrocytes
red blood cells- biconcave disk... -functions: carry oxygen from…
erythropoiesis
the rate at which red blood cells are produced
50 terms
Anemia, Sickle cell anemia, Thalassemia,
RBC disorders include: 7
Anemia defined:
Anemia's Causes are categorized in 3 g…
Anemia RF:
1. Anemia... 2. Glucose-6-Phosphate Dehydrogenase (G6PD) Def.... 3.…
DECREASED (Hg) hemoglobin levels: ... 1. < 13.5 g/dL in men or…
1. ↓ RBC production, ... 2. ↑ RBC destruction ... 3. blood loss.
1. (+) hx of bleeding, ... 2. (+) hx of anemia... 3. (+) Family hx
RBC disorders include: 7
1. Anemia... 2. Glucose-6-Phosphate Dehydrogenase (G6PD) Def.... 3.…
Anemia defined:
DECREASED (Hg) hemoglobin levels: ... 1. < 13.5 g/dL in men or…
82 terms
CLIN MED - Anemia and Disorders of Red Blood Cells
cell types
What do RBC's do?
Hemoglobin
Major role is to deliver oxygen to the tissues... Does this via…
cell types
What do RBC's do?
Major role is to deliver oxygen to the tissues... Does this via…
10 terms
Red blood cells
Burr Cells (Echinocytes)
Iron deficiency anemia
Basophilic stippling
Hereditary elliptocytosis
Greek word meaning "sea urchin". Echinocytes are reversible,…
RBC morphology
Visualization of ribosomes + mitochondrial remnants.... Causes:…
Autosomal dominant, homozygous w/ extravascular hemolysis.... De…
Burr Cells (Echinocytes)
Greek word meaning "sea urchin". Echinocytes are reversible,…
Iron deficiency anemia
RBC morphology
41 terms
Blood - Chapter 17 - SUMMARY TABLE 17-2 Formed Elements of the Blood
platelets
neutrophil
eosinophil
basophil
platelets
neutrophil
13 terms
Blood
Rbc
Wbc
Platelets
Aplastic anemia
4.2 million - 6.2
5-10000
150-400000
Abnormally low production of red blood cells and distruction…
Rbc
4.2 million - 6.2
Wbc
5-10000
8 terms
Hematology: Red blood cells
red blood cells
anemia
hematocrit
normal hematocrit for men
blood cells that carry oxygen
insufficient red blood cells
test used to measure red blood cells
39-50
red blood cells
blood cells that carry oxygen
anemia
insufficient red blood cells
36 terms
Pathology / Anemia / Red Cell Disorders
Causes of anemia
Acute posthermorrhagic anemia
Iron deficiency anemia
Symptoms
Decreased of red blood production... Increase red cell loss... Bloo…
Relates to Hypovolimia... Blood loss
Chronic blood loss... Dietary deficiency ... Increase iron requirem…
pallor ... fatigue... dyspnea... exertion
Causes of anemia
Decreased of red blood production... Increase red cell loss... Bloo…
Acute posthermorrhagic anemia
Relates to Hypovolimia... Blood loss
13 terms
Anemia
Anemia
Hypoxia
Hemolysis
Iron-deficiency Anemia
condition of an abnormally low number of red blood cells
tissues lack of oxygen
red blood cell death
evidence of iron deficiency, first negative iron balance, sec…
Anemia
condition of an abnormally low number of red blood cells
Hypoxia
tissues lack of oxygen
34 terms
Red Blood Cell Disorders
Hemoglobin (g/dL)
Hematocrit (%)
RBC count (10^6 microLiters)
Reticulocyte Count(%)
Men: 13.6- 17.2... Women: 12 - 15
Men: 39-49... Women: 33-43
Men: 4.3-5.9... Women: 3.5-5.0
0.5-1.5
Hemoglobin (g/dL)
Men: 13.6- 17.2... Women: 12 - 15
Hematocrit (%)
Men: 39-49... Women: 33-43
165 terms
Red Blood Cells & Disorders
anemia
signs and sx of anemia in general
CBC important values
erythrocytosis
- too few RBCs... - also too little hemoglobin
1. fatigue... 2. light-headedness... 3. racing heart... 4. dyspnea... 5.…
1. Hgb grams/dL... 2. MCV fL... 3. RBC count 10^12 cells/L... 4. retic…
- excess of RBC
anemia
- too few RBCs... - also too little hemoglobin
signs and sx of anemia in general
1. fatigue... 2. light-headedness... 3. racing heart... 4. dyspnea... 5.…
20 terms
Abnormal Red Blood Cells
Polychromasia
Hypochromia
Spherocyte
Sickle cells
Abnormally high number of RBCs in bloodstream; mostly immatur…
Has a large central pallor due to abnormal Hgb synthesis... -Dec…
Compact rbcs with reduced central pallor.... -can be hereditary…
-curable type is half-moon shaped... -incurable type is crescent…
Polychromasia
Abnormally high number of RBCs in bloodstream; mostly immatur…
Hypochromia
Has a large central pallor due to abnormal Hgb synthesis... -Dec…
54 terms
Disorders of Red Blood cells
Erythrocytes
How long does a RBC last?
RBC carry oxygen via..?
hemocrit
*red blood cells... *erythrocytes carry oxygen to the cells... *a R…
120 days
hemoglobin
volume percentage of red blood cells in the blood ... *women: 37…
Erythrocytes
*red blood cells... *erythrocytes carry oxygen to the cells... *a R…
How long does a RBC last?
120 days
20 terms
Red blood cells
Polychromasia
MCH
MCHC
Anemia of chronic disease
abnormally high number of red blood cells found in the bloods…
Mean corpuscular hemoglobin... Hb/RBC... NI = 27-31 pg
Mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration... HB/HCT... NI = 32-36 g…
Hepcidin blocks outflux of ferroportin within macrophages.
Polychromasia
abnormally high number of red blood cells found in the bloods…
MCH
Mean corpuscular hemoglobin... Hb/RBC... NI = 27-31 pg
abnormal blood cell counts
decrease in all myeloid elements
increase in all myeloid elements
decrease in red cell count
increase in red cell count
pancytopenia
pancytosis
anemia
erythrocytosis, polycythemia
decrease in all myeloid elements
pancytopenia
increase in all myeloid elements
pancytosis
17 terms
Red Blood Cells
Erythrocytes
Mature RBC
hemoglobin
oxyhemoglobin
transports oxygens, biconcave disc, lack a nucleus (mitochond…
sacs of iron containing protein hemoglobin
molecule responsible for carrying the oxygen and some carbon…
when oxygen binds, protein shape changes become bright red
Erythrocytes
transports oxygens, biconcave disc, lack a nucleus (mitochond…
Mature RBC
sacs of iron containing protein hemoglobin
25 terms
Shiland Chapter 8 Pathology
pancytopenia
aplastic anemia
autoimmune hemolytic
pernicious
Deficiency of all blood cells
caused by reduced red blood cell count, due to bone marrow di…
Autoimmune condition in RBC are destroyed by antibodies
A deficiency of vitamin B12 absorpton
pancytopenia
Deficiency of all blood cells
aplastic anemia
caused by reduced red blood cell count, due to bone marrow di…
10 terms
Ch 16 Red Blood Cells
function of red blood cells
structure of RBCs
hematocrit
Hemoglobin (Hb)
facilitate oxygen transport from lungs to cells and carbon di…
-filled w/ enzymes and hemoglobin ... -no mitochondria; ATP via…
-ratio of RBCs to plasma ... -percentage of total blood volume o…
-main component of RBCs... -responsible for O2 transport ... -large…
function of red blood cells
facilitate oxygen transport from lungs to cells and carbon di…
structure of RBCs
-filled w/ enzymes and hemoglobin ... -no mitochondria; ATP via…
65 terms
Mahmoud - Diseases of Red blood cells Anemia - 11/22
Hematocrit
red cell mass... Hb concentration
CBC
MCV
Ratio of packed cells to total blood volume
Anemia - reduction in ____________ or _____________
Confirm anemia with which laboratory test?
Volume of average red cell (femtoliters)
Hematocrit
Ratio of packed cells to total blood volume
red cell mass... Hb concentration
Anemia - reduction in ____________ or _____________
60 terms
CLIN MED - Anemia and Disorders of Red Blood Cells - Part 2
Macrocytic Anemia (MCV > 100) MAJOR CA…
how do we differentiate between iron d…
Macrocyte
Megaloblastic Anemias
Megaloblastic anemias (B12, folate)... Reticulocytosis... - immat…
low ferratin = iron deficiency ... normal or high ferratin = an…
Anemia characterized by many large, immature and dysfunctiona…
Macrocytic Anemia (MCV > 100) MAJOR CA…
Megaloblastic anemias (B12, folate)... Reticulocytosis... - immat…
how do we differentiate between iron d…
low ferratin = iron deficiency ... normal or high ferratin = an…
103 terms
Red Blood Cell Disorders
signs and symptoms of anemia
Microcytic anemias
site of iron absorption
ferroportin
weakness, pale conjunctiva, headache and lightheadness, angina.
1) iron deficiency... 2) anemia of chronic ds... 3) sideroblastic a…
duodenum
enterocytes transport heme across cell membrane into blood vi…
signs and symptoms of anemia
weakness, pale conjunctiva, headache and lightheadness, angina.
Microcytic anemias
1) iron deficiency... 2) anemia of chronic ds... 3) sideroblastic a…
24 terms
Red Blood Cell Lecture
Lethargy and pale
Causes of anemia
Purpose of spleen
Splenomegaly
Anemia!
Acute or chronic bleeding (only symptom is lethargy and pale)…
Destruction of RBC... RBC life span around 120 days ... Macrophages…
Enlarge spleen due to trapped RBC remnants in the spleen. Can…
Lethargy and pale
Anemia!
Causes of anemia
Acute or chronic bleeding (only symptom is lethargy and pale)…
30 terms
Perfusion 1: Anemia, Iron Deficiency, B12 Anemia, Sickle Cell Anemia, Aplastic Anemia, Hemophilia
Anemia
What is the collaboratively main goal…
Red cell count and hemoglobin levels
Red cell characteristics such as size…
an abnormally low number of circulating red blood cells or le…
to ensure adequate oxygenation
severity of the anemia is determined by these lab tests
the cause of anemia is determined by these lab tests
Anemia
an abnormally low number of circulating red blood cells or le…
What is the collaboratively main goal…
to ensure adequate oxygenation
8 terms
13 disease of red blood cells
anemia
aplastic anemia
hemolytic anemia
Pernicious anemia
Deficiency in erythrocytes or hemoglobin
Failure of blood cell production in the bone marrow
Reduction in red cells due to excessive destruction
Lack of mature erythrocytes caused by inability to absorb vit…
anemia
Deficiency in erythrocytes or hemoglobin
aplastic anemia
Failure of blood cell production in the bone marrow
23 terms
Red Blood Cell Assessment in Anemia
Erythrocytes (RBCs)
Hematopoiesis
Erythropoietin
Erythropoiesis
Biconcave, disk-like cells with a central pallor (paleness) a…
Blood cell production; occurs within bone marrow; production…
Produced by kidneys when low O2 is sensed; stimulates growth…
Red blood cell production; stimulated by decreased O2 in circ…
Erythrocytes (RBCs)
Biconcave, disk-like cells with a central pallor (paleness) a…
Hematopoiesis
Blood cell production; occurs within bone marrow; production…
30 terms
Red Blood Cells
erythropoiesis
Reticulocyte Count
Hemoglobin Saturation
Regulation of Erythropoiesis by kidney
formation of RBC, reticulocytes are the precursor cells
1-1.5% of RBC
need good saturation to get oxygen to cells
kidney detects low oxygen in the blood and secretes erythropo…
erythropoiesis
formation of RBC, reticulocytes are the precursor cells
Reticulocyte Count
1-1.5% of RBC
15 terms
Anemia
Anemia of chronic disease
Human recombinant erythropoietin ... Iron…
Iron Deficiency Anemia
3-5 days
Most common cause of anemia... Any inflammatory/infectious/neopl…
Treatment of anemia chronic renal failure
Chronic external blood loss most common cause (GI hemorrhage)…
Length of time required for dogs bone marrow to produce red b…
Anemia of chronic disease
Most common cause of anemia... Any inflammatory/infectious/neopl…
Human recombinant erythropoietin ... Iron…
Treatment of anemia chronic renal failure
8 terms
LOM: Ch. 13, Pathology, Diseases of Red Blood Cells
anemia
aplastic anemia
hemolytic anemia
pernicious anemia
Deficiency in erythrocytes or hemoglobin.
Failure of blood cell production in the bone marrow.
Reduction in red cells due to excessive destruction.
Lack of mature erythrocytes caused by inability to absorb vit…
anemia
Deficiency in erythrocytes or hemoglobin.
aplastic anemia
Failure of blood cell production in the bone marrow.
19 terms
Blood Terms
Erythrocyte
Leukocyte
Hematopoietic
Erythropoiesis
Red blood cells
White blood cells
Makes blood cells
making red blood cells
Erythrocyte
Red blood cells
Leukocyte
White blood cells
18 terms
04.31D AN UNIT 4 THE BLOOD (PART 1) Blood Diseases & Disorders (PART D)
Leukocytosis
Leukopenia
Thrombocytopenia
Hemophilia
A increase in the total number of white blood cells called le…
A decrease in disease-fighting cells called leukocytes circul…
Low production of platelets; causes bleeding or bruising; can…
A rare bleeding disorder that is normally inherited; blood do…
Leukocytosis
A increase in the total number of white blood cells called le…
Leukopenia
A decrease in disease-fighting cells called leukocytes circul…
69 terms
Red Blood Cell Maturation
Why Reticulocyte stains are classified…
Identify the blue material within a st…
Identify the components being stained…
Calculate the reticulocyte count perce…
Supravital stains will stain cellular components when the cel…
RNA
1. Cytoplasmic RNA... 2. Mitochondria... 3. Ribosomes
Number of Reticulocytes Counted x 100... _______________________…
Why Reticulocyte stains are classified…
Supravital stains will stain cellular components when the cel…
Identify the blue material within a st…
RNA
17 terms
Blood #1
Formed Elements
Plasma
Erythrocytes
Leukocytes
Living blood cells, RBC's and WBC's
Non-living fluid matrix
Red Blood Cells
White blood Cells
Formed Elements
Living blood cells, RBC's and WBC's
Plasma
Non-living fluid matrix
11 terms
Nomenclature of abnormal blood cell counts
Pancytopenia
Pancytosis
Anemia
Erythrocytosis, polycythemia
Decrease in all myeloid elements
Increase in all myeloid elements
Decrease red cell count
Increase in red cell count
Pancytopenia
Decrease in all myeloid elements
Pancytosis
Increase in all myeloid elements
22 terms
Chapter 27 : Disorders of Red Blood Cells
Anemia
Causes for Anemia
Signs and Symptoms of Anemia
Blood Loss Anemia
an abnormally low number of circulating red blood cells or le…
- excessive loss or destruction of red blood cells... - deficien…
- tissue hypoxia... - fatigue and weakness... - dyspnea... - ventricul…
- due to GI bleeding or menstrual disorders... - circulatory shock
Anemia
an abnormally low number of circulating red blood cells or le…
Causes for Anemia
- excessive loss or destruction of red blood cells... - deficien…
Patho Ch.13 Disorders of Red Blood Cells
Blood Loss Anemia
Hemolytic Anemia
Erythropoiesis
Red blood cell life span
depending on rate of hemorrhage and whether the bleeding loss…
premature destruction of red cells, retention of iron
the production of red blood cells
120 days
Blood Loss Anemia
depending on rate of hemorrhage and whether the bleeding loss…
Hemolytic Anemia
premature destruction of red cells, retention of iron
46 terms
Blood
Blood
Red blood cells
White blood cells
Platelets
A bodily fluid in animals and humans that delivers necessary…
It is also called as Erythrocytes. It is the most common type…
Also called as Leukocytes, the cells of the immune system tha…
Also called as Thrombocytes, a component of blood whose funct…
Blood
A bodily fluid in animals and humans that delivers necessary…
Red blood cells
It is also called as Erythrocytes. It is the most common type…
60 terms
Chapter 27: Disorders of Red Blood Cells Porth
The ____ shape of an erythrocyte provi…
The rate at which hemoglobin is synthe…
During its transformation from normobl…
Mature red blood cells have a life spa…
biconcave, cell membrane
iron
nucleus
4
The ____ shape of an erythrocyte provi…
biconcave, cell membrane
The rate at which hemoglobin is synthe…
iron
29 terms
Chapter 32: Anemia
Hematopoiesis
Hemostasis
Stem Cells
Erythropoiesis
the formation and maturation of blood cells
clot formation and dissolution
primitive cell capable of cell replication into either myeloi…
process and formation of red blood cells
Hematopoiesis
the formation and maturation of blood cells
Hemostasis
clot formation and dissolution
52 terms
Red Blood Cell Disorders
Anemia
Hemoglobin (Hb) & anemia
Mean Corpuscular Volume (MCV)
Microcytic Anemias
Reduction in circulating red blood cell (RBC) mass... signs and…
Hb<13.5 men (normal 13.5-17.5) ... Hb<12.5 women (normal 12.5-16)
Microcytic MCV<80... Normocytic MCV 80-100... Macrocytic MCV>100
(1) Iron Deficiency Anemia... (2) Sideroblastic Anemia... (3)Anemia…
Anemia
Reduction in circulating red blood cell (RBC) mass... signs and…
Hemoglobin (Hb) & anemia
Hb<13.5 men (normal 13.5-17.5) ... Hb<12.5 women (normal 12.5-16)
9 terms
hematologic disease states
blood dyscrasias
anemia
iron deficiency anemia
folate deficiency anemia
hematologic disorders that affect components of the blood
condition in which oxygen carrying capacity of blood is retur…
decrease in the number of red blood cells in the blood caused…
decrease in the number of red blood cells in blood caused buy…
blood dyscrasias
hematologic disorders that affect components of the blood
anemia
condition in which oxygen carrying capacity of blood is retur…
303 terms
Red blood cell disorders-Heme
Reticulocytes
Hemolysis Labs
DIC Labs
Leukopenia through BM Suppression diff…
Immature blood cells
LDH-Increase... Indirect Bilirubin-Increases... Haptoglobin-Decreas…
Fibrinogen... Fibrin split products... PT, INR
medication... infection... chemotherapy... autoimmune disease... aplastic…
Reticulocytes
Immature blood cells
Hemolysis Labs
LDH-Increase... Indirect Bilirubin-Increases... Haptoglobin-Decreas…
Chapter 13-Blood Systems-Disease of Red Blood Cells(Types of Anemia)
Anemia
Aplastic anemia
Hemolytic anemia
Pernicious anemia
A deficiency in erythrocytes or hemoglobin
failure of blood cell production due to aplasia or absence of…
reduction in red cells due to excessive destruction
lack of mature erythrocytes caused by inability to absorb vit…
Anemia
A deficiency in erythrocytes or hemoglobin
Aplastic anemia
failure of blood cell production due to aplasia or absence of…
28 terms
FLEX BMS 205 Hematology Red blood cells
Hematology
erythrocytes
hematopoeisis
Peripheral blood
the branch of medicine that deals with diseases of the blood…
a mature blood cell that contains hemoglobin to carry oxygen…
formation of blood cells
circulating blood in humans
Hematology
the branch of medicine that deals with diseases of the blood…
erythrocytes
a mature blood cell that contains hemoglobin to carry oxygen…
64 terms
red blood cell disorders (clin med)
anemia
causes of anemia
blood loss
nutrient deficiency or depletion
etiology -- decrease in RBC mass... can be from:... 1) decreased pr…
Blood loss... Nutrient deficiency or depletion... Acquired bone mar…
causes of anemia... Acute hemorrhage... Gradual, prolonged bleeding
causes of anemia... Iron deficiency anemia*... Vitamin B12 deficie…
anemia
etiology -- decrease in RBC mass... can be from:... 1) decreased pr…
causes of anemia
Blood loss... Nutrient deficiency or depletion... Acquired bone mar…
24 terms
Blood
liquid extracellular fluid
red blood cells
platelets
white blood cells
plasma
dominate 1/10 of all cells, biconcave shape, transport oxygen…
cell fragments, smallest
bigger nucleus, fewer in number
liquid extracellular fluid
plasma
red blood cells
dominate 1/10 of all cells, biconcave shape, transport oxygen…
28 terms
BMS 205 Hematology Red blood cells
Hematology
erythrocytes
hematopoeisis
Peripheral blood
the branch of medicine that deals with diseases of the blood…
a mature blood cell that contains hemoglobin to carry oxygen…
formation of blood cells
circulating blood in humans
Hematology
the branch of medicine that deals with diseases of the blood…
erythrocytes
a mature blood cell that contains hemoglobin to carry oxygen…
27 terms
Red Blood Cell Diseases
Erythrocytosis, primary
Erythrocytosis, secondary
Erythrocytosis SSx
Anemia
-Primary is due to marrow proliferation... -example: polycythemi…
-Secondary:... 1) appropriate compensatory EPO elevation in card…
Signs:... -plethroa (red face)... -Injected sclera... Symptoms:... -none…
Definition:... -female: <12 g/L... -male: <13 g/L... Epi:... -20-30% Afr…
Erythrocytosis, primary
-Primary is due to marrow proliferation... -example: polycythemi…
Erythrocytosis, secondary
-Secondary:... 1) appropriate compensatory EPO elevation in card…
14 terms
anemia and leukemia
anemia
aplastic anemia
iron deficiency anemia
athletes anemia
when the body doesn't get enough oxygen so its the lack of ox…
anemia resulting from destruction of hematopoietic components…
anemia resulting from inadequate intake or absorption of iron
anemia resulting from increased blood volume during athletic…
anemia
when the body doesn't get enough oxygen so its the lack of ox…
aplastic anemia
anemia resulting from destruction of hematopoietic components…
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