Study sets matching "term:architecture = عمارة"

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Study sets matching "term:architecture = عمارة"

84 terms
Architecture
line
repetition
balance
scale
basic building block of visual design
the recurrence of elements in a composition
is the building equally weighted on both sides?
refers to the building's size in relation to people... i feel...…
line
basic building block of visual design
repetition
the recurrence of elements in a composition
22 terms
ARCHITECTURE UNIT 13 DESCRIBING MATERIALS
describing materials
reasonable
brittle
durable
materyalleri tanımlama
mantıklı (logical)
kolayca kırılan ( fragile = It is likely to break apart rathe…
dayanıklı, sağlam (solid, steady, sturdy = It lasts a long ti…
describing materials
materyalleri tanımlama
reasonable
mantıklı (logical)
19 terms
ARCHITECTURE UNIT 13 DESCRIBING MATERIALS WITHOUT TURKISH DEFINITIONS
reasonable
brittle
durable
flexible
logical
fragile = It is likely to break apart rather than bend or str…
solid, steady, sturdy = It lasts a long time and cannot be br…
elastic = It can be bent into a different shape easily
reasonable
logical
brittle
fragile = It is likely to break apart rather than bend or str…
99 terms
Architecture
Chiswick House (WHO)
Chiswick House WHEN
Chiswick House WHERE
Chiswick House SIG
Lord Burlington, William Kent
1700s
England
Classical Revival, Palladian elements, tripartite, bilateral…
Chiswick House (WHO)
Lord Burlington, William Kent
Chiswick House WHEN
1700s
32 terms
ANCIENT GREEK ART & ARCHITECTURE
Cycladic figures ... (Bronze Age Aegean)
Palace of Minos... (Bronze Age)
Bull-leaping fresco from the Palace of…
Bull-leaping fresco, Avaris, Egypt
The beginning of Greek Art History... flat, wedge-shaped sculptu…
-Palace complex at Minos (King)... -Knossos... -Linear B tablets fo…
North entrance of Palace of Minos... Minoan. ca. 16C BCE. scene…
Cult of the bull. ... Motif of Middle Bronze Age figurative art,…
Cycladic figures ... (Bronze Age Aegean)
The beginning of Greek Art History... flat, wedge-shaped sculptu…
Palace of Minos... (Bronze Age)
-Palace complex at Minos (King)... -Knossos... -Linear B tablets fo…
168 terms
Architecture
Architecture
Architecture
Ole Scheeren
Skyscraper
The profession of designing buildings, open areas, communitie…
The action or process of building; construction.
German architect and principal of Buro Ole Scheeren with offi…
A relatively tall building of many stories, especially one fo…
Architecture
The profession of designing buildings, open areas, communitie…
Architecture
The action or process of building; construction.
228 terms
Copy Module 4, Computer Organization & Architecture
Digital Logic
Logic Gates
AND Gate
OR Gate
Fundamental to how computers are built and handle data
Efficient method of designing circuits that are more complica…
1 1 = 1 everything else produces zero's
Everything produces a one, except 0 0.
Digital Logic
Fundamental to how computers are built and handle data
Logic Gates
Efficient method of designing circuits that are more complica…
Architecture
Foundation must sit on
Foundation size
Kitchen & Working Triangle
Door sizes including garage
-Footing which sits on undisturbed soil (supporting soil)
-Walls= 8 feet... -Footing= 20 inches
-Fridge, stove, range
-Front door= 32 or 36 inches... -Bathroom door= 28 inches... -Bedro…
Foundation must sit on
-Footing which sits on undisturbed soil (supporting soil)
Foundation size
-Walls= 8 feet... -Footing= 20 inches
36 terms
Architecture
American Colonial
Cape Cod
English Tudor
French Mansard
Gable roof, 2 story design, Large fireplace, More elaborate t…
Same features as an American Colonial but 1 1/2 story design
Steep hip/gable roof (pitched on all 4 sides), 1 or 2 stories…
Mansard roof, Usually finished in brick with quoins, Cedar sh…
American Colonial
Gable roof, 2 story design, Large fireplace, More elaborate t…
Cape Cod
Same features as an American Colonial but 1 1/2 story design
Architecture
Victorian home plans
Queen anne home plans
Cabin home plans
Bungalow home plans
Victorian home plans feature elaborate detail inside and out,…
Victorian home plans
Victorian home plans feature elaborate detail inside and out,…
Queen anne home plans
225 terms
Architecture
Triumphal Arch
Colesseum
Aqueducts
Pantheon
Ancient Rome. Designed for War Heroes and decorated with stat…
Ancient Rome, Also known as the Flavian Ampitheater. 2/3 of a…
Ancient Rome; carried water from mountains. Made of waterproo…
Ancient Rome. Temple dedicated to all the gods. Built from 12…
Triumphal Arch
Ancient Rome. Designed for War Heroes and decorated with stat…
Colesseum
Ancient Rome, Also known as the Flavian Ampitheater. 2/3 of a…
105 terms
Greek Architecture
abacus
acanthus
Acropolis
Acroterion or acroterium (plural = acr…
A tablet placed horizontally on top of the capital of a colum…
An ambigious flower and a style of plant used for the caps of…
A fortified hilltop in an ancient Greek city
An upright ornament placed at the apex and eaves of gabled ro…
abacus
A tablet placed horizontally on top of the capital of a colum…
acanthus
An ambigious flower and a style of plant used for the caps of…
Architecture Chapter 6
Operand forwarding
How can we compute the branch target e…
What does pipelining do for us in term…
How fast we can make our clock run?
is an optimization in pipelined CPUs to limit performance def…
before we even decode the instruction grab the bits that woul…
It will reduce the S, number of cycles it takes to finish one…
It will depend on the longest phase during five stages. ALU d…
Operand forwarding
is an optimization in pipelined CPUs to limit performance def…
How can we compute the branch target e…
before we even decode the instruction grab the bits that woul…
110 terms
Etruscan and Roman Architecture
Acroterion (acroterium)
Aisle
Amphitheater
Annular vaults
An upright ornament placed at the apex and eaves of gabled ro…
In a basilican church, the portion set parallel to the nave,…
An arena with raked seating arranged around a circular or ova…
A Barrel vault springing from two concentric walls.
Acroterion (acroterium)
An upright ornament placed at the apex and eaves of gabled ro…
Aisle
In a basilican church, the portion set parallel to the nave,…
A1 - Chronology of History of Architecture
Prehistoric Architecture
Paleolithic
Neolithic
Ancient Near Eastern Architecture
Paleolithic and Neolithic
15000 BCE =Mammoth bone house, Mezhirich, Ukraine
6500 BCE = Catal Huyuk, village, Turkey... 3100-1500 BCE = Skar…
Sumerian, Mari, Babylonian, Assyrian, Persian
Prehistoric Architecture
Paleolithic and Neolithic
Paleolithic
15000 BCE =Mammoth bone house, Mezhirich, Ukraine
14 terms
Buddhist Architecture in India
Stupa (Great Stupa at Sanchi)
Great Stupa at Snachi, Madhya Pradesh
Exterior of chaitya hall at Bhaja
Interior of chaitya hall at Karli
A burial site of the Buddha... Split ashes in 8 parts... Emperor As…
original: c. 250 BC ... by Emperor Ashoka... Enlarged and renovated…
Buddhist Monastic Complex... India... 1st cent bc
Buddhist Monastic Complex... India... early 2nd cent AD... aisles and…
Stupa (Great Stupa at Sanchi)
A burial site of the Buddha... Split ashes in 8 parts... Emperor As…
Great Stupa at Snachi, Madhya Pradesh
original: c. 250 BC ... by Emperor Ashoka... Enlarged and renovated…
41 terms
السينما المصرية عمارة يعقوبيان
بِكر
مَهول
لزوم ال------
والذي منه
جديدة خالص ، أول إستعمال
كبير وضخم
إحتياج ال--------
وحاجات تاني مهمة لنفس الموضوع... والحاجات زي كدا: انا لازم اعمل…
بِكر
جديدة خالص ، أول إستعمال
مَهول
كبير وضخم
11 terms
Ch. 16 Architecture Residential Drawing and Design
First
Section
Sash
Actual
The floor plan is normally started in this order.
The floor plan is this type of view.
This is the opening that should be shown for windows.
This dimension should be shown for doors.
First
The floor plan is normally started in this order.
Section
The floor plan is this type of view.
16 terms
Greek Architecture Midterm
Lion Gate
Grand Staircase at the Palace at Knossos
Plan of Pylos
Temple of Artemis
Place: Mycenaean Citadel,... Architect: unknown,... Date: c. 1300 B…
Place: Knossos,... Architect: unknown,... Date: c. 1700 BCE,... Stairc…
Place: Pylos,... Architect: unknown,... Date: Late Helladic,... Highly…
Place: Corfu,... Architect: unknown,... Date: c. 580 BCE, ... Style: D…
Lion Gate
Place: Mycenaean Citadel,... Architect: unknown,... Date: c. 1300 B…
Grand Staircase at the Palace at Knossos
Place: Knossos,... Architect: unknown,... Date: c. 1700 BCE,... Stairc…
474 terms
Introduction to Architecture III / Site Analysis & Design (ARCH 2190, Cross, 2016): Quiz Number One
site planning
normal process includes
What is the problem?
site & user analysis
the art of arranging structures on the land & shaping the spa…
1. a site plan is made by a professional for some paying clie…
1. for whom is the place being made?... 2. for what purpose?... 3…
analysis of the site begins with a personal reconnaissance, w…
site planning
the art of arranging structures on the land & shaping the spa…
normal process includes
1. a site plan is made by a professional for some paying clie…
Exam 1 Architecture
Diagram
Platonic Solids
Axis
Symmetry
- a graphic synthesis of how to organize space by means of fo…
- comes from Plato. ... - 3D forms extruded from primary shapes.…
a line or segment about which a form is organized and can con…
a mirror image about an axis with like measure and proportions
Diagram
- a graphic synthesis of how to organize space by means of fo…
Platonic Solids
- comes from Plato. ... - 3D forms extruded from primary shapes.…
106 terms
Materials in Architecture Exam 1
can wood be recycled and reused?
natural product = natural _________
name several types of abnormalities
name several natural detriments to wood
yes
abnormality
resin pockets, warping, splits, knots
water, sun, and fire damage
can wood be recycled and reused?
yes
natural product = natural _________
abnormality
13 terms
Roman Architecture
Temple of Portunus
Voussoir
Groin Vault
Barrel Vault
Temple of Portunus
Voussoir
Gothic Art and Architecture
Abbot Suger, Church of Saint Denis
Notre Dame Cathedral
ribbed vault
lux nova
France. began 1135; Consecrated 1140... Gothic
France. Gothic. 1163-1250 Notre Dame = Our Lady. Westworks do…
The light that enters a Gothic church through stained glass w…
Abbot Suger, Church of Saint Denis
France. began 1135; Consecrated 1140... Gothic
Notre Dame Cathedral
France. Gothic. 1163-1250 Notre Dame = Our Lady. Westworks do…
68 terms
Architecture Renaissance To Revolution - Exam 1
San Miniato al Monte, Facade
What on a facade signifies a florence…
San Miniato al Monte, Interior
Assisi: San Francesco, Interior
-White marble facade... -Geometric Patterning, contrasting green…
-White marble contrasted with serpentine (Verdi di Prato)... -Ge…
-Tuscan... -Roman Arches... -Timber Roof
-Gothic... -Ribbed Groin Vault on Ceiling ... -Vault --> Curved sto…
San Miniato al Monte, Facade
-White marble facade... -Geometric Patterning, contrasting green…
What on a facade signifies a florence…
-White marble contrasted with serpentine (Verdi di Prato)... -Ge…
38 terms
Architecture 1
Hertz
Byte
Analogue vs Digital Computers
CPU
Cycles per Second
8 bits
Analogue work with continuous signals while digital work with…
Central Processing unit
Hertz
Cycles per Second
Byte
8 bits
Neoclassical architecture
enlightenment
english neopalladians
Chiswick house
Chiswick house floor plan
use and celebration of reason, power with which man understan…
return to the principles of classical architecture promoted b…
built by Lord Burlington (richard boyle) and William Kent... ba…
square plan with central octagonal dome, round room... thermal…
enlightenment
use and celebration of reason, power with which man understan…
english neopalladians
return to the principles of classical architecture promoted b…
10 terms
CS361 Lecture 4.1 Architecture Overview
Define the following terms:... 1) Archit…
What are examples of connectors?
Define: Architectural Style
An example of architectural style is o…
1) shows pieces of a system and their relationships... 2) self-…
Examples include protocols such as HTTP for web servers, IMAP…
a common kind of architecture that tends to occur over and ov…
Server = component that provides services... Client = component…
Define the following terms:... 1) Archit…
1) shows pieces of a system and their relationships... 2) self-…
What are examples of connectors?
Examples include protocols such as HTTP for web servers, IMAP…
48 terms
Architecture Test 1
Parthenon date
Parthenon location
Parthenon architect
Parthenon exterior
c.440 BCE
Athens, Greece - on the acropolis
Ictinus
-"Harmony and balance"... -Thought about height/width ratio... -The…
Parthenon date
c.440 BCE
Parthenon location
Athens, Greece - on the acropolis
29 terms
Architecture DES Final Fall 2015
U.S. Energy Consumption
U.S. Electricity Consumption
LEED
2009 LEED Rating System
47.6% Buildings... 28.1% Transportation... 24.4% Industry
74.9% Building Operations... 24.9% Industry... >1% Transportation
Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design
Certified 40-49 pts (Talkington)... Silver 50-59 pts (Rawls Coll…
U.S. Energy Consumption
47.6% Buildings... 28.1% Transportation... 24.4% Industry
U.S. Electricity Consumption
74.9% Building Operations... 24.9% Industry... >1% Transportation
35 terms
15-16. Architecture
Distyle in antis
Prostyle
Amphiprostyle
Peripteros
Most primitive form of temple
Distyle in antis
Most primitive form of temple
Prostyle
103 terms
Romanesque Architecture
atrium
façade
narthex
towers
an open courtyard; the court in front of a church
face of the church
the vestibule of a church; a transverse hall in front of the…
2 of which surround the narthex
atrium
an open courtyard; the court in front of a church
façade
face of the church
56 terms
Architecture
Principles of Sacred Architecture
Principles of Funerary Architecture
Principles of Commemorative Architecture
Purposes of Funerary Architecture
1. Must be located on a significant location.... 2. Sacred archi…
1. In most cultures, funerary architecture is a subset of sac…
1. All cultures create commemorative buildings.... 2. Typically…
functional: removal of the dead (from realm of living), which…
Principles of Sacred Architecture
1. Must be located on a significant location.... 2. Sacred archi…
Principles of Funerary Architecture
1. In most cultures, funerary architecture is a subset of sac…
ARCHITECTURE
FLOOR PLANS Line weights and types (da…
FLOOR PLANS
FLOOR PLANS Scales
FOUNDATION PLANS
Cut edges of walls / windows and doors / furniture and casewo…
-Horizontal section cut through building (construction mass v…
-NCS scales, typical: 1/4" / 1/8" / 1/16" = 1'-0"
i. Horizontal section cut through building at lowest level... ii…
FLOOR PLANS Line weights and types (da…
Cut edges of walls / windows and doors / furniture and casewo…
FLOOR PLANS
-Horizontal section cut through building (construction mass v…
Greek Architecture
abacus
acanthus
Acropolis
Acroterion or acroterium (plural = acr…
A tablet placed horizontally on top of the capital of a colum…
An ambigious flower and a style of plant used for the caps of…
A fortified hilltop in an ancient Greek city
An upright ornament placed at the apex and eaves of gabled ro…
abacus
A tablet placed horizontally on top of the capital of a colum…
acanthus
An ambigious flower and a style of plant used for the caps of…
Computer Architecture
Computer Architecture is...
CISC
RISC
MIPS stands for
Instruction set architecture (ISA) + machine organization
Complex Instruction Set Computers... - Dense code, simple compil…
Reduced Instruction Set Computers... - Simple instructions, fixe…
Million Instruction Per Second
Computer Architecture is...
Instruction set architecture (ISA) + machine organization
CISC
Complex Instruction Set Computers... - Dense code, simple compil…
15 terms
Computer Architecture (P-Z)
Parity Bit
Peer-to-Peer Network
PLA
RAM
An extra bit attached to a word and causes sum of all digits…
Two or more computers directly connected and directly share t…
An array of logic gates interconnected to implement logic fun…
Memory accessed giving a unique address to each location. Acc…
Parity Bit
An extra bit attached to a word and causes sum of all digits…
Peer-to-Peer Network
Two or more computers directly connected and directly share t…
19 terms
Unit 4: Hellenistic architecture (elaborate)
characteristics of hellenistic archite…
alexandria
cleopatra
son of Julius Caesar and Cleopatra
ionic... grand and big
newa captial of egypt... founded by alexanader 331... dynasty of Pt…
69 - 30... sister an wife of Ptolemy XIII and XIV... sole ruler 44…
Caesarion = Ptolemy XV
characteristics of hellenistic archite…
ionic... grand and big
alexandria
newa captial of egypt... founded by alexanader 331... dynasty of Pt…
33 terms
Quiz 5: Architecture
Prostyle Plan Temple
Amphiprostyle Plan
Peripteral Plan
Pronaos
[ naos ][ pronaos : ... Most common Greek temple, small.... Two col…
:: opisthodomos [ naos ][ pronaos ::... More colums = more money…
: opisthodomos ][ naos ][ pronaos : ... Plus columns ALL around…
Front porch. Normally where you worshipped, since interior is…
Prostyle Plan Temple
[ naos ][ pronaos : ... Most common Greek temple, small.... Two col…
Amphiprostyle Plan
:: opisthodomos [ naos ][ pronaos ::... More colums = more money…
33 terms
Architecture
floorplan
cross-section
elevation
construction materials
"footprint"
slice through building
From front, side, rear, in scale... Showing all walls and openings
Adobe... Stone... Timber... Cast iron... Steel... Reinforced concrete... Steel-…
floorplan
"footprint"
cross-section
slice through building
Classic Greece Architecture
Basic principles of Greek Orders (2)
Planned vs. Additive
Characteristics of Greek Temples
Parthenon
1. Know thyself (aka know orders + rules)... 2. Nothing in excess
additive space = greek aesthetic ... • ex: Parthenon
• extrusion of social environment... • architecture reflects gen…
largest, most magnificent building dominating most sophistica…
Basic principles of Greek Orders (2)
1. Know thyself (aka know orders + rules)... 2. Nothing in excess
Planned vs. Additive
additive space = greek aesthetic ... • ex: Parthenon
24 terms
Art & Architecture
Augustus of Primaporta
Ara Pacis of Augustus
Colosseum
Pantheon
Roman Empire
- Rome, ... - Roman Empire... -Represents peace in the world
- Rome, ... - Roman Empire... - Built by Vespasian
- Rome... - Roman Empire... - Temple for all gods... - Started under A…
Augustus of Primaporta
Roman Empire
Ara Pacis of Augustus
- Rome, ... - Roman Empire... -Represents peace in the world
Architecture of Roman Empire
Coliseum
Parts of Coliseum
Fornix arch (Coliseum)
3 levels of Coliseum
• used for gladiator fights, etc.... • gladiators wellknown + ce…
• gola: opening... • vomitorium: hallway... • square piers construc…
term for Coliseum architecture... • Coliseum far from city --> l…
1. (lowest) doric... 2. (middle) ionic... 3. (top) corinthian... (on t…
Coliseum
• used for gladiator fights, etc.... • gladiators wellknown + ce…
Parts of Coliseum
• gola: opening... • vomitorium: hallway... • square piers construc…
18 terms
Art & Architecture
Robert Henri
William Glackens
Edward Hopper
Reginald Marsh
Urban/Realism/Impressionism... Blurry paintings... - Cities... - Not m…
Impressionist... - Outdoor scenes... - Lack of detail... - Not many fa…
- Loneliness... - Outdoor scenes... - Nighthawks painting... - Corner…
Regionalism... - Cities... - Coney Island... - Soldiers, sailors, char…
Robert Henri
Urban/Realism/Impressionism... Blurry paintings... - Cities... - Not m…
William Glackens
Impressionist... - Outdoor scenes... - Lack of detail... - Not many fa…
21 terms
architecture
Mar Antoine Laugier
Giovanni Battista Piranesie
Robert Adam
William Chambers
1750 / simple hut / greek is better
1750 / Romans are better / artisan precede greeks / graduer,…
1760 Private Interiors / movement, gayety / "seize spirit of…
1760 public buildings / somerset house / monumental buildings…
Mar Antoine Laugier
1750 / simple hut / greek is better
Giovanni Battista Piranesie
1750 / Romans are better / artisan precede greeks / graduer,…
12 terms
Chapter 1: Prehistoric Art and Architecture
Stone Age
Paleolithic Era - Old Stone Age
Human figure with Feline Head (Lion-He…
Women from Willendorf
-Paleolithic Period = Old Stone Age... -Mesolithic = middle ston…
-Hunter/Gatherer society... -Nomadic... -Portable sculpture... -Cave p…
-Material = Mammoth Ivory... -Human/Animal composite image... -1 fo…
-"Venus of Willendorf"... -Prehistoric images of women... -Abstract…
Stone Age
-Paleolithic Period = Old Stone Age... -Mesolithic = middle ston…
Paleolithic Era - Old Stone Age
-Hunter/Gatherer society... -Nomadic... -Portable sculpture... -Cave p…
Roman Architecture
Pont du Gard
Banqueting Hall
Ancient Roman Entertainment Structures
Amphitheaters/Theaters
- Nimes, France... - Roman aqueduct... - 250E6 gallons/day = 250 ga…
- Ctesiphon, Iraq
Amphitheaters... - Colosseum... - Amphitheater of Pompeii... - Piazza…
"ampha" both sides... "theater" entertaining structure... - Buildin…
Pont du Gard
- Nimes, France... - Roman aqueduct... - 250E6 gallons/day = 250 ga…
Banqueting Hall
- Ctesiphon, Iraq
Architecture Midterm
The Parthenon
The Erechtheion
The Colosseum
The Pantheon
Faced enemy attacks, earthquakes, was painted, low reliefs ar…
On Acropolys, columns = women, looks like several temple part…
Big bowl around central flat region, built as amphitheater, 4…
technological achievement, walls 20 ft thick, designed by Emp…
The Parthenon
Faced enemy attacks, earthquakes, was painted, low reliefs ar…
The Erechtheion
On Acropolys, columns = women, looks like several temple part…
34 terms
Lec 15 - Islam Architecture
Islam
Muhammad
Qur'an/ Koran
Jihad
Arabic term = "submission to God's Will" ... Religion based on…
570-632... Born in Mecca as orphan--> became caravan manager... 610…
Seen as direct word of God as revealed to Muhammad through an…
Religious duty of Muslims to maintain + protect Islam... *Becaus…
Islam
Arabic term = "submission to God's Will" ... Religion based on…
Muhammad
570-632... Born in Mecca as orphan--> became caravan manager... 610…
27 terms
architecture
symbolic
aspiration
offer
inspiration
...
n.... 1 [count] : something that a person wants very much to ach…
v.... 1 a [+ object] : to give someone the opportunity to accept…
n.... 1 a [noncount] : something that makes someone want to do s…
symbolic
...
aspiration
n.... 1 [count] : something that a person wants very much to ach…
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