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Study sets matching "term:bio ethics = the ethics of life"

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Study sets matching "term:bio ethics = the ethics of life"

26 terms
Ethic of Life
Abortion
Euthanasia
Excommunication
Genetic engineering
the deliberate termination of a pregnancy by killing the unbo…
a direct action or deliberated lack of action that causes the…
A severe penalty the Church imposes on a Catholic who has com…
the manipulation of an ovum's or fetus' genetic coding
Abortion
the deliberate termination of a pregnancy by killing the unbo…
Euthanasia
a direct action or deliberated lack of action that causes the…
12 terms
Biology: Ethics & Bioethics. 7 characteristics of life
Ethics
Bioethics
First characteristic of life.
Homeostasis
Moral principles & values held by humans that govern behavior.
Ethical issues connected with advances in biology/medical ... Ex…
Homeostasis
Regulation or balance ... Ex: blood sugar
Ethics
Moral principles & values held by humans that govern behavior.
Bioethics
Ethical issues connected with advances in biology/medical ... Ex…
16 terms
ETHICS: End-of-Life Dilemmas
Define, "Advance Directives"
Define, "Do-Not-Resuscitate"
Define, "Durable Power of Attorney"
Define, "Euthanasia"
Patient states in advance the kinds of medical care that he o…
Given by physicians and indicate that in the event of a cardi…
Principle who will carry out the intent of a living will.
The mercy killing of the hopelessly ill, injured, or incapaci…
Define, "Advance Directives"
Patient states in advance the kinds of medical care that he o…
Define, "Do-Not-Resuscitate"
Given by physicians and indicate that in the event of a cardi…
13 terms
Islam Ethics: Life & Death
abortion
artificial insemination by donor (AID)
artificial insemination by the husband…
contraception
The deliberate termination (ending) of a pregnancy, usually b…
When a woman is made pregnant by the sperm of a man other tha…
When a woman is made pregnant by the sperm of her husband, bu…
The artificial and chemical methods used to prevent pregnancy…
abortion
The deliberate termination (ending) of a pregnancy, usually b…
artificial insemination by donor (AID)
When a woman is made pregnant by the sperm of a man other tha…
25 terms
Ethics at the End of Life
Euthanasia
Active euthanasia
Passive euthanasia
Voluntary euthanasia
When X intentionally kills Y, or permits Y's death, for Y's b…
X performs an action which itself results in Y's death
X allows Y to die. X withholds life prolonging treatment or w…
Euthanasia when Y competently requests death himself
Euthanasia
When X intentionally kills Y, or permits Y's death, for Y's b…
Active euthanasia
X performs an action which itself results in Y's death
14 terms
Christian Ethics: Right to Life
abor tion
active euthanasia
embryo
euthanasia
The deliberate termination (ending) of a pregnancy, usually b…
The ending of a life by a deliberate action, such as by givin…
Fertilised ovum at about 12-14 days when implanted into the w…
Inducing a painless death, with compassion, to ease suffering…
abor tion
The deliberate termination (ending) of a pregnancy, usually b…
active euthanasia
The ending of a life by a deliberate action, such as by givin…
50 terms
Ethics: Beginning of Life Issues
Old testament
New Testament
Early Church
St. Thomas Aquinas
life begins with one's first breath
Abortion not mentioned besides "thou shalt not murder;" there…
Part of christian tradition was to separate
Life is when mother feels quickening--males more important th…
Old testament
life begins with one's first breath
New Testament
Abortion not mentioned besides "thou shalt not murder;" there…
46 terms
Ethics for Life Chapter 1
Ethics
Why study ethics?
Philosophical Ethics
Aristotle
A branch of philosophy dealing with rules and right of conduc…
In order to improve ones ability to make real life moral deci…
The study of the values and guidelines by which we live and t…
It is through repeated performance of good actions that we be…
Ethics
A branch of philosophy dealing with rules and right of conduc…
Why study ethics?
In order to improve ones ability to make real life moral deci…
12 terms
matters of life (ethics)
Surrogacy
Genetic Engineering/Designer babies
Eugenics
Savior siblings
The surrogate uses her own egg fertilized with the intended f…
Where the parents can decide on the genes of the embryo e.g.…
Creating a perfect human race by removing human defects
Embryos that are selected to develop into babies that will he…
Surrogacy
The surrogate uses her own egg fertilized with the intended f…
Genetic Engineering/Designer babies
Where the parents can decide on the genes of the embryo e.g.…
50 terms
Ethics - End of Life
euthanasia
rights, life, suicide, integrity, die,…
active euthanasia
suicide
the mercy killing of the hopelessly ill, injured, or incapaci…
Euthanasia complex debate:... ensure patient's constitutional __…
intentional commission of an act resulting in death; ex: givi…
Active euthanasia is considered _____ when patients do it the…
euthanasia
the mercy killing of the hopelessly ill, injured, or incapaci…
rights, life, suicide, integrity, die,…
Euthanasia complex debate:... ensure patient's constitutional __…
12 terms
Ethics 1 - the right to life
Sanctity of life
Abortion
Pro-choice
Pro- life
Life is sacred because its is God given
The deliberate termination of a pregnancy, usually before the…
Slogan used for the view that women should have the right to…
Slogan used for the view that supports the right to life of t…
Sanctity of life
Life is sacred because its is God given
Abortion
The deliberate termination of a pregnancy, usually before the…
26 terms
Ethics beginning of life issues
Procreation
Unify
Martial bond
Conception
To create a child as a result of a couples act of physical love
Creates a stronger martial bond,
Coming together physically to create a stronger bond
To conceive
Procreation
To create a child as a result of a couples act of physical love
Unify
Creates a stronger martial bond,
58 terms
End of Life Ethics
Palliative Care
Palliative Care Traits
Hospice Care
Eligibility Insurance Requirements for…
-An approach to caring for patients with a "life LIMITING" di…
-Affirms life and regards dying as a normal process ... -Neither…
-The logical end point of palliative care... -Accepts that deat…
Usually tied to Medicare... -The patient must be certified as…
Palliative Care
-An approach to caring for patients with a "life LIMITING" di…
Palliative Care Traits
-Affirms life and regards dying as a normal process ... -Neither…
11 terms
Ethics: Beginning of Life
How many abortions worldwide per year…
Abortion's Act 1967 (amended 1990)
1861 Offences Against the Person
What does 'social grounds' entail?
42 million abortions, 40% are done by unsafe methods
(Private bill by MP David Steel) Declared abortion could be p…
It is illegal to intentionally cause a miscarriage (amended i…
-Pregnancy has not exceeded 24th week... -continuance of pregnan…
How many abortions worldwide per year…
42 million abortions, 40% are done by unsafe methods
Abortion's Act 1967 (amended 1990)
(Private bill by MP David Steel) Declared abortion could be p…
30 terms
MEDICAL ETHICS - QUALITY OF LIFE
Quality of life arguments take an
life is valued as a
So there is nothing intrinsically
PETER SINGER'S QUALITY OF LIFE ARGUMENTS
instrumental view of human life
means to an end of fulfilling those things that make a life w…
good about being alive - it is instrumental in allowing us to…
...
Quality of life arguments take an
instrumental view of human life
life is valued as a
means to an end of fulfilling those things that make a life w…
22 terms
Ethics- matters of life
Is human experimentation legal in UK?
For euthanasia
Against euthanasia
What is therapeutic cloning ?
Yes
Some people have no hope for the future- too in pain... Mercy... It…
Grief for family ... Christians believe God is the only one who…
The creation of an organ or tissue with a genetic match
Is human experimentation legal in UK?
Yes
For euthanasia
Some people have no hope for the future- too in pain... Mercy... It…
58 terms
Life And Death-Ethics
who said "Every human being of adult y…
is there a legal right to suicide?
what is Justice Scalia's view on refus…
What is the 14th amendment liberty int…
Justice Cardozo in Schloendorf V Society of NY Hospitals
No
he thinks it is the same as suicide. he has the minority view
it includes the right to make decisions about how to die
who said "Every human being of adult y…
Justice Cardozo in Schloendorf V Society of NY Hospitals
is there a legal right to suicide?
No
55 terms
Ethics: End of Life Issues
Stages of Terminal Illness
Denial
Anger
Bargaining
Denial, Anger, Bargaining, Depression, Acceptance
First reaction to something bad: "It can't be true"
Common to get stuck in this emotion for a long time
Bargaining w God
Stages of Terminal Illness
Denial, Anger, Bargaining, Depression, Acceptance
Denial
First reaction to something bad: "It can't be true"
22 terms
Ethics at the End of Life
Euthanasia
Active Euthanasia
Dr Cox
Passive Euthanasia
X intentionally kills Y, or permits Y's death, for Y's benefit
X performs an action which itself results in Y's death
Only UK doctor...
X allows Y to die. X withholds life prolonging treatment or w…
Euthanasia
X intentionally kills Y, or permits Y's death, for Y's benefit
Active Euthanasia
X performs an action which itself results in Y's death
16 terms
Ethics at the End of Life
Euthanasia
Active euthanasia
Passive euthanasia
Voluntary euthanasuia
X intentionally kills Y, or permits Y's death, for Y's benefit.
X performs an action which itself results in Y's death
X allows Y to die. X withholds life prolonging treatment or w…
Euthanasia when Y competently requests death himself
Euthanasia
X intentionally kills Y, or permits Y's death, for Y's benefit.
Active euthanasia
X performs an action which itself results in Y's death
22 terms
Ethics at the Beginning of Life
All abortions must be reported by the…
1861 Offences against the Person Act
Abortion Act 1967
Social Ground... Used to be 28 weeks (pr…
backstreet abortions...illegal
58. Administering drugs or using instruments to procure... abort…
Can be carried out legally on... -social grouns... -grave permanent…
The pregnancy has not exceeded the 24th week and that the con…
All abortions must be reported by the…
backstreet abortions...illegal
1861 Offences against the Person Act
58. Administering drugs or using instruments to procure... abort…
22 terms
CVCC LIFE SCIENCE: ETHICS
Ethics
Morals
Values
nursing ethics
is a system of standards or moral principles that direct acti…
are concerned with dealing with a right or wrong behavior (co…
involve the worth you assign to an idea or an action
the values and ethical principles governing nursing practice,…
Ethics
is a system of standards or moral principles that direct acti…
Morals
are concerned with dealing with a right or wrong behavior (co…
14 terms
end of life ethics
actual loss
perceived loss
anticipatory loss
disenfranchised grief
recognized by others
experienced by one person but cannot be varified by others
experience before loss happens
socially unacceptable grief (ex: suicide)
actual loss
recognized by others
perceived loss
experienced by one person but cannot be varified by others
The Goal of Life ETHICS
telos
consequentalism
utilitariamism
deontological ethics
an ultimate goal/aim
the end justifies the means
greatest good for the greatest number
measures right and wrong based on duty and rules
telos
an ultimate goal/aim
consequentalism
the end justifies the means
16 terms
MEDICAL ETHICS - SANCTITY OF LIFE
There are 2 versions of the sanctity o…
NATURAL LAW - SANCTITY OF LIFE ARGUMEN…
Aquinas based his theory of natural law
According to Aquinas,
1. religious version: Natural law/revealed law... 2. humanist n…
...
on Aristotle's view that everything in nature has a telos
everything has a telos which aims to fulfil the 5 primary pre…
There are 2 versions of the sanctity o…
1. religious version: Natural law/revealed law... 2. humanist n…
NATURAL LAW - SANCTITY OF LIFE ARGUMEN…
...
31 terms
End of Life Care/Ethics
advanced healthcare directive
assisted suicide
death anxiety
do-not-intubate order (DNI)
legal documents that allow individuals to choose their prefer…
self-administration of a lethal dose of medication provided b…
worry or fear related to death or dying
prohibits endotracheal intubation in the vent of severe respi…
advanced healthcare directive
legal documents that allow individuals to choose their prefer…
assisted suicide
self-administration of a lethal dose of medication provided b…
23 terms
Ethics at the Beginning of Life
When is a medical abortion used?
1st pill of medical abortion
2nd pill of medical abortion
Vacuum aspiration/suction abortion
Recommended for pregnancies up to 13 weeks.
Mifepristone - prevents implantation of early embryo. Adminis…
Mifoprostol - taken 2 days after the 1st pill to break down t…
7-15 weeks. Can be done under a local or general anaesthetic.…
When is a medical abortion used?
Recommended for pregnancies up to 13 weeks.
1st pill of medical abortion
Mifepristone - prevents implantation of early embryo. Adminis…
26 terms
Neuroethics + End of Life Ethics
ETHICS of neuroscience
NEUROSCIENCE of ethics
The runaway trolley dilemma (switch) i…
The runaway trolley dilemma (pushing s…
Study of ethical, legal, and social questions that arise when…
The IMPACT of neuroscientific KNOWLEDGE upon our understandin…
Utilitarian/Consequentialist (Do action for the greater good)…
Do not push, moral absolute wrong harming another (Deontologi…
ETHICS of neuroscience
Study of ethical, legal, and social questions that arise when…
NEUROSCIENCE of ethics
The IMPACT of neuroscientific KNOWLEDGE upon our understandin…
9 terms
Life Science: Land Ethics
God made it and found it good Gen 1
Creation belongs to God Ps 50
Mankind is in charge Gen 1
Man is to tend and keep Gods world as…
Land ethic 1
Land ethic 2
Land ethic 3
Land ethic 4
God made it and found it good Gen 1
Land ethic 1
Creation belongs to God Ps 50
Land ethic 2
13 terms
Ethics- early life
Who are pro-choice ?
Who are pro-life?
What ACT made abortion legal up to 24…
For a legal abortion to take place wha…
A pressure group who are in favour of a woman's right to choo…
Oppose abortion and in favour of the life of a foetus ... Unbor…
1967 abortion act
Mother physical or mental state is at risk ... Mothers life is a…
Who are pro-choice ?
A pressure group who are in favour of a woman's right to choo…
Who are pro-life?
Oppose abortion and in favour of the life of a foetus ... Unbor…
14 terms
Ethics & Sociology of Everyday Life
5 Ethical Norms
What is the role of the I-R-B?
Who is Rik Scarce?
Social Stratification
1. Don't harm your research subjects.... 2. Obtain informed cons…
The role of the Institutional Review Board is for the protect…
He refused to give over confidential info about his research…
division of society into groups arranged into a social hierar…
5 Ethical Norms
1. Don't harm your research subjects.... 2. Obtain informed cons…
What is the role of the I-R-B?
The role of the Institutional Review Board is for the protect…
RE ETHICS- the right to life
Sanctity of life
Foetus
Embryo
Abortion
All life is sacred
Fertilised ovum from 8 weeks
Fertilised ovum at 12-14days
The deliberate termination of a pregnancy
Sanctity of life
All life is sacred
Foetus
Fertilised ovum from 8 weeks
17 terms
Good Life Ethics Terminology
Ethics
Morality
Maslow's hierarchy
Relativism
ethos "custom, usage or character" - community imposed set of…
good vs. bad; mos/moris - "manner, custom, good."
theory about what drives human decisions, ranked from physica…
there is no one truth (different places set their "customs")
Ethics
ethos "custom, usage or character" - community imposed set of…
Morality
good vs. bad; mos/moris - "manner, custom, good."
13 terms
Ethics at the beginning of life
Worldwide Statistics
England and Wales
Scotland
Abortion Act 1967
42 million abortions/year and 40% of those are by unsafe meth…
185,122 abortions (reduction from 2011 189,931)... 91% under 13…
12 447 abortions (reduction from 2011 12 904)... 94% under 13 we…
If two doctors approve, abortion can be approved if: ... -the mo…
Worldwide Statistics
42 million abortions/year and 40% of those are by unsafe meth…
England and Wales
185,122 abortions (reduction from 2011 189,931)... 91% under 13…
16 terms
End of Life Ethics
death
coma
pvs
palliative care
the irreversible cessation of all vital functions especially…
a state of profound unconsciousness from which one does not r…
persistent vegetative state. A wakeful unconscious state with…
medical services that affords relief, but not cure
death
the irreversible cessation of all vital functions especially…
coma
a state of profound unconsciousness from which one does not r…
18 terms
Ethics Near the End of Life
Hippocratic Oath
Respect for autonomy
Best interests
External Influence on Ethics
"Primum non nocere"... Added patient autonomy and transcendence…
-Informed consent... -Freedom from interference from others... -Fre…
-Non-maleficence: Do no harm... -Beneficence
Subjectivism- Individual preference... Conventionalism- Cultural…
Hippocratic Oath
"Primum non nocere"... Added patient autonomy and transcendence…
Respect for autonomy
-Informed consent... -Freedom from interference from others... -Fre…
33 terms
Med Ethics - Quality of Life
What is QOL?
What is Sanctity of life?
Quality of life (2 aspects)
Evaluating QOL is very subjective and…
a degree of satisfaction that people experience and value abo…
Sanctity = human life represents the highest value and must b…
1) QOL refers to the personal satisfaction that is expressed…
1) Lack of understanding about the patient's own values... 2) Di…
What is QOL?
a degree of satisfaction that people experience and value abo…
What is Sanctity of life?
Sanctity = human life represents the highest value and must b…
18 terms
Med Ethics: End of Life
Enumerate the underlying changes in so…
What are some examples of Extraordinar…
What are some examples of Cataclysmic…
List 3 commonly encountered ethical is…
Extraordinary Technological Progress... Cataclysmic Cultural Sh…
Shift from death at home to hospitals... Intensive care units... Ar…
Civil rights... Rebirth of feminism... Post-war individualism... Respo…
Withholding and Withdrawing Care... -Artificial nutrition... -Resus…
Enumerate the underlying changes in so…
Extraordinary Technological Progress... Cataclysmic Cultural Sh…
What are some examples of Extraordinar…
Shift from death at home to hospitals... Intensive care units... Ar…
47 terms
RS ETHICS - Matters of life
What is the Sanctity of life?
What Christian evidence is there for t…
What Islamic evidence is there for the…
When do Muslims believe human life sta…
Life is a sacred God-given gift. God only decides when it sta…
- "surely you know that God's spirit lives within you..."... - "…
- " He is the one who created you from a single soul" ... - "Do…
After 4 months of pregnancy, when a Muslim believes a child r…
What is the Sanctity of life?
Life is a sacred God-given gift. God only decides when it sta…
What Christian evidence is there for t…
- "surely you know that God's spirit lives within you..."... - "…
41 terms
Ethics End of Life 2
What challenge does PBS Suicide Touris…
Main ideas of PBS Tourist
What does the term suicide tourism ref…
What does Sister Mary Andrew do with h…
People will go to Europe to end their life. People are commit…
How do you know if the person is not in pain when they are a…
Tourists who travel to Europe to get physician assisted suicide
She goes into trials to help educate the community on possibl…
What challenge does PBS Suicide Touris…
People will go to Europe to end their life. People are commit…
Main ideas of PBS Tourist
How do you know if the person is not in pain when they are a…
42 terms
Ethics End of life
what causes death in old age
5 top causes of death are
what is a DNR
do dnrs transfer
chronic disease
heart disease... cancer... stroke... copd... accident
drs order that tells you not to resuscitate a patient
no, must be re order if in a new hospital
what causes death in old age
chronic disease
5 top causes of death are
heart disease... cancer... stroke... copd... accident
38 terms
Ethics Chapter 12 Ethical Issues relating to life
Artificial insemination (AI)
Assisted or Artificial Conception - le…
In assisted or artificial conception t…
Artificial insemination donor (AID)
injection of seminal fluid into vagina from husband or donor
legitimacy and support
not
a man donates semen for a woman who is not his wife
Artificial insemination (AI)
injection of seminal fluid into vagina from husband or donor
Assisted or Artificial Conception - le…
legitimacy and support
23 terms
Ethics of Family Life
What is the foundation of society?
Value of Family Life (2 views)
Authority of Family Life (3 views)
Two Becoming One (2 -> 1)
Family
1. Predominate world View... -Hierarchial Approach... Power to dire…
1. Predominate world View... -Hierarchial Approach... Power to dire…
1. Identical:... -Had OWN goals, plans, preferences.... -SHARE same…
What is the foundation of society?
Family
Value of Family Life (2 views)
1. Predominate world View... -Hierarchial Approach... Power to dire…
12 terms
Child Life Code of Ethics
1st code of ethics
2nd
3rd
4th
aim must be the welfare of those whom they serve
competence, objectivity, and the professional integrity neces…
requires that all services be provided without bias or prejud…
adherence to concepts of privacy and confidentiality with spe…
1st code of ethics
aim must be the welfare of those whom they serve
2nd
competence, objectivity, and the professional integrity neces…
POR Ethics - Right to Life
What does the Universal declaration of…
Why do Christians protect the right to…
When does human life begin for Christi…
When does human life begin for Muslims?
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights
Because life is a gift from God
At conception
At ensoulment, 19 weeks
What does the Universal declaration of…
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights
Why do Christians protect the right to…
Because life is a gift from God
28 terms
Ethics & End of Life Care
Beneficence
nonmaleficence
autonomy
justice
doing good
do no harm
pt's right to choose; freedom
equal fairness
Beneficence
doing good
nonmaleficence
do no harm
29 terms
SJ Ethics of Life Presentation
1 Ethics of Life: Suicide - Phoebe
2 Quotation - Britanny
3 Outline - Divya
4 Suicide Prevention Video - Divya
Our Topics is the Ethics of Life and as a group, we have deci…
This quotation says, "It's (suicide) a permanent solution to…
We will be discussing what suicide is, the reasons so many co…
Here's a video on Suicide prevention.
1 Ethics of Life: Suicide - Phoebe
Our Topics is the Ethics of Life and as a group, we have deci…
2 Quotation - Britanny
This quotation says, "It's (suicide) a permanent solution to…
17 terms
Ethics at end of life
Euthanasia
Active Euthanasia
Passive Euthanasia
Voluntary Euthanasia
X intentionally kills Y, or permits Y's death for Y's benefit
X performs an action which itself results in Y's death
X allows Y to die. X withholds or withdraws life prolonging t…
Euthanasia when Y competently requests death himself
Euthanasia
X intentionally kills Y, or permits Y's death for Y's benefit
Active Euthanasia
X performs an action which itself results in Y's death
58 terms
Life and Health with Ethics
Applicant
Application
Attained age
Effective date
Party making application, offering himslef/herself or another…
document that provides info for underwriting purposes. After…
A person's age at any point or time (age at policy issue, ren…
date when insurance coverage begins (may also be inception da…
Applicant
Party making application, offering himslef/herself or another…
Application
document that provides info for underwriting purposes. After…
9 terms
Ethics for Life Chapter 4- Ethical Subjectivism
Ethical Subjectivism
Opinion
Tolerance
Emotivism
what is morally right and wrong is simply a matter of persona…
what a person feels and it does not have to be backed up by r…
often confused for ethical subjectivism. ... a universal duty t…
that all moral statements are meaningless and that there are…
Ethical Subjectivism
what is morally right and wrong is simply a matter of persona…
Opinion
what a person feels and it does not have to be backed up by r…
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