Study sets matching "term:biology = líffræði"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "term:biology = líffræði"

Biologie - Hoofdstuk 6 = Ecologie § 1
Ecologie
biodiversiteit
Milieu
Biotische factoren
De wetenschap die de relaties tussen organismen en hum milieu…
Het aantal verschillende soorten in een gebied
De leefomgeving
Invloeden die afkomstig zijn van de levende natuur
Ecologie
De wetenschap die de relaties tussen organismen en hum milieu…
biodiversiteit
Het aantal verschillende soorten in een gebied
Biology
Diffusion
Osmosis
Active Transport
Facilitated Diffusion
The passive movement of particles from an area of high concen…
A passive movement of water molecules through a semi permeabl…
An active movement where an input of energy is required. Part…
A passive movement of particles from high to low concentratio…
Diffusion
The passive movement of particles from an area of high concen…
Osmosis
A passive movement of water molecules through a semi permeabl…
164 terms
Biology
Properties of the combinations of Carb…
Organic molecules
Testosterone
Hydroxl
-Nonpolar... -Not soluble in H2O ... -Hydrophobic ... -Stable
Molecules of life and are built around chains of carbon
Primary sex characteristics (male/female parts, sex drive, pr…
OH
Properties of the combinations of Carb…
-Nonpolar... -Not soluble in H2O ... -Hydrophobic ... -Stable
Organic molecules
Molecules of life and are built around chains of carbon
214 terms
biology review
1. The variable of an experiment that…
2. A particular preference or point of…
3. A well-tested explanation that unif…
1. List characteristics of living thin…
dependent variable
bias, opinion
scientific theory
1. made of cells... 2. use energy... 3. grow and develop... 4. reprodu…
1. The variable of an experiment that…
dependent variable
2. A particular preference or point of…
bias, opinion
78 terms
Biology Chapter 6
ATP and NADPH
G3P
Light, H2O, NADP+, and and ADP
By using photosynthesis
What is created in the Light Reaction?
What is created in the Calvin Cycle?
What comes in for the Light Reaction to work?
How does the autotroph eat?
ATP and NADPH
What is created in the Light Reaction?
G3P
What is created in the Calvin Cycle?
Biology Chapter 7
diffusion
equilibrium
facilitated diffusion
osmosis
net movement of particles from an area where there are many p…
molecules and ions continue to move and collide but no change…
transport of ions and small molecules across the plasma membr…
diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membrane
diffusion
net movement of particles from an area where there are many p…
equilibrium
molecules and ions continue to move and collide but no change…
30 terms
AP Biology Chapter 14
Trait
P Generation
F1 Generation
F2 Generation
every variant for a character
-parental generation... -true breeding parents
-first filial generation... -hybrid offspring of P generation
-second filial generation... -offspring of F1 hybrids w/ self po…
Trait
every variant for a character
P Generation
-parental generation... -true breeding parents
198 terms
Biology EOC
Activation Energy
Amino Acid
Carbohydrate
Catalyst
amount of energy needed to start a reaction
Bounded by peptide bonds; monomer of a protein
(monosaccharides) main source of energy for the cell; 1 gram…
used in enzymes to lower the activation energy and speed up t…
Activation Energy
amount of energy needed to start a reaction
Amino Acid
Bounded by peptide bonds; monomer of a protein
34 terms
Campbell Biology Chapter 22
Catastrophism
Uniformitarianism
Voyage of the H.M.S. Beagle 1831-36
Galapagos Islands
Explanation of landforms and fossil faunas by floods.
Present state of earth could be explained by gradual processe…
Volcanic archipelago; Geologically young. ... Diversification (a…
Catastrophism
Explanation of landforms and fossil faunas by floods.
Uniformitarianism
Present state of earth could be explained by gradual processe…
209 terms
biology review
dependent variable
bias, opinion
scientific theory
1. List characteristics of living thin…
1. The variable of an experiment that is deliberately changed…
2. A particular preference or point of view that is personal,…
3. A well-tested explanation that unifies a broad range of ob…
1. made of cells... 2. use energy... 3. grow and develop... 4. reprodu…
dependent variable
1. The variable of an experiment that is deliberately changed…
bias, opinion
2. A particular preference or point of view that is personal,…
27 terms
Biology: Genetics
Trait
P Generation
F1 generation
F2 generation
Characteristic that is inherited; can be either dominant or r…
The parent organisms that are bred to make offspring so that…
The first offspring born from a parental (P generation) cross.
The offspring resulting from interbreeding (or self-pollinati…
Trait
Characteristic that is inherited; can be either dominant or r…
P Generation
The parent organisms that are bred to make offspring so that…
Biology
classification
mammal
reptiles
fish
process of putting things into groups.
a warm-blooded vertebrate animal of a class that is distingui…
vertebrates that live on land, scales cover body, lay eggs, c…
An ectothermic vertebrate that lives in the water and has fins.
classification
process of putting things into groups.
mammal
a warm-blooded vertebrate animal of a class that is distingui…
37 terms
AP Biology (Campbell) Chapter 7
plasma membrane
selectively permeable
phospholipids
lipids and proteins
a microscopic membrane of lipids and proteins that form the e…
A membrane that allows certain molecules or ions to pass thro…
consist of a glycerol molecule, two fatty acids, and a phosph…
primary macromolecules found in membranes
plasma membrane
a microscopic membrane of lipids and proteins that form the e…
selectively permeable
A membrane that allows certain molecules or ions to pass thro…
503 terms
Biology
Diffusion
Osmosis
Active Transport
Facilitated Diffusion
The passive movement of particles from an area of high concen…
A passive movement of water molecules through a semi permeabl…
An active movement where an input of energy is required. Part…
A passive movement of particles from high to low concentratio…
Diffusion
The passive movement of particles from an area of high concen…
Osmosis
A passive movement of water molecules through a semi permeabl…
56 terms
Campbell Biology Chapter 2
Emergent Properties
Systems Biology
Hierarchy of Biological Organization
Matter
New properties that arise with each step upward in the hierar…
The attempt to model biological systems based on studying how…
Biosphere ➟ Ecosystem ➟ Community ➟ Population ➟ Organism ➟ O…
Anything that takes up space and has mass
Emergent Properties
New properties that arise with each step upward in the hierar…
Systems Biology
The attempt to model biological systems based on studying how…
11 terms
ATS GCSE Biology - Mitosis
Nucleus
Chromosomes
Body cells
Cell cycle
Contains chromosomes
Made of DNA molecules... Carry a large number of genes
Chromosomes are normally found in pairs... Except in the gametes…
A series of stages where cells divide
Nucleus
Contains chromosomes
Chromosomes
Made of DNA molecules... Carry a large number of genes
Macromolecules Pre-AP Biology
Carbohydrates, Proteins, Nucleic Acids…
Carbohydrates and Lipids
Proteins
Nucleic Acids
The four Macromolecules are...
Macromolecule(s) with the elements CHO
Macromolecule(s) with the elements CHON
Macromolecule(s) with the elements CHONP
Carbohydrates, Proteins, Nucleic Acids…
The four Macromolecules are...
Carbohydrates and Lipids
Macromolecule(s) with the elements CHO
Biology Semester 1
Cell
Cell Theory
Plasma Membrane
Cytoplasm
Basic unit of structure of living organisms.
- All Organisms are made up of cells.... -Smallest organizationa…
Also known as the cell membrane. Separates the outside enviro…
Gel like structure that holds organelle in place.
Cell
Basic unit of structure of living organisms.
Cell Theory
- All Organisms are made up of cells.... -Smallest organizationa…
148 terms
AP Biology Review
Dehydration
Hydrolysis
Disaccharides
Polysaccharides
connecting monomers together by the removal of water
disassembling polymers by the addition of water
glucose + glucose = maltose / glucose + fructose = sucrose /…
Plants: starch (energy) and cellulose (structure)... Animals: gl…
Dehydration
connecting monomers together by the removal of water
Hydrolysis
disassembling polymers by the addition of water
20 terms
Biology Chapter 2 (2016)
CELLS
The Scientific Method
Levels of Organization
mitochondria
Basic units of life
A logical, systematic approach to the solution of a scientifi…
atom - molecule - macro-molecule - organelle - cell - tissue…
Where ATP (energy) for the cell is made. Analogy = power comp…
CELLS
Basic units of life
The Scientific Method
A logical, systematic approach to the solution of a scientifi…
13 terms
CM Biology Organic Molecules
lipids
Carbohydrates
Simple Sungars
Complex Carbohydrates
the fats found in food... Made of Glycerol and 3 Fatty acids... Fun…
Two types: simple and complex. ... Provide sugars in the form of…
Monosaccarhrides. Found in fruits and extracted from plants,…
Groupings of simple Carbs placed in different orders. Starch:…
lipids
the fats found in food... Made of Glycerol and 3 Fatty acids... Fun…
Carbohydrates
Two types: simple and complex. ... Provide sugars in the form of…
36 terms
W-01.3 Schule und Universität = School and University (S. 67)
die Fremdsprache, -n
die Geschichte
die Kunstgeschichte
die Informatik
the foreign language, -s
the history
the art history
the computer science
die Fremdsprache, -n
the foreign language, -s
die Geschichte
the history
Campbell Biology 10th Edition Chapter 3
Polar molecule
Name the 4 emergent properties of wate…
Cohesion
Adhesion
A molecule in which the overall charge is unevenly distributed.
1. Cohesive behavior... 2. Ability to moderate temperature... 3. Ex…
The linking together of like molecules by hydrogen bonds.
The clinging of one substance to another
Polar molecule
A molecule in which the overall charge is unevenly distributed.
Name the 4 emergent properties of wate…
1. Cohesive behavior... 2. Ability to moderate temperature... 3. Ex…
59 terms
Campbell Biology 10th Edition Chapter 5
Carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, and n…
Metabolism
Catabolism
Anabolism
Name the 4 types of macromolecules
All the chemical conversions that occur within a cell... Metabo…
Conversion of complex organic molecules into smaller molecule…
Conversion of small organic molecules by forming chemical bon…
Carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, and n…
Name the 4 types of macromolecules
Metabolism
All the chemical conversions that occur within a cell... Metabo…
Biology Chapter 19
extinct
paleontologist
relative dating
index fossil
The death of every member of a species
scientist who specializes in the study of fossils and ancient…
any method of determining whether an event or object is older…
a fossil known to have lived in a particular geologic age tha…
extinct
The death of every member of a species
paleontologist
scientist who specializes in the study of fossils and ancient…
28 terms
Biology Chapter 15 Genetic Engineering
genetic engineering
purposes of genetic engineering
recombinant DNA
transgenic organisms
manipulating DNA (genes) to get a desired result or trait
locate genes, cloning, breeding, genetically modified food, i…
DNA produced by combining DNA from different sources
organisms that possess genes that they would not naturally po…
genetic engineering
manipulating DNA (genes) to get a desired result or trait
purposes of genetic engineering
locate genes, cloning, breeding, genetically modified food, i…
26 terms
ATS GCSE Biology - Culturing microorganisms
Centimeter
Millimeter
Micrometer
Nanometer
cm... 100cm = 1m
mm... 1000mm = 1m
µm... 1000µm = 1mm... 1 x 10 -3 mm (Standard form -3 small to the t…
nm... 1000nm = 1µm
Centimeter
cm... 100cm = 1m
Millimeter
mm... 1000mm = 1m
26 terms
Biochemistry - AP Biology
Polar Molecule
Hydrophilic
Nonpolar Molecule
Hydrophobic
An asymmetrical molecule with a slight charge (dipole); that…
Water loving
A symmetrical or balanced molecule with no charge; hydrophobi…
Water fearing
Polar Molecule
An asymmetrical molecule with a slight charge (dipole); that…
Hydrophilic
Water loving
9 terms
Carbohydrates
carbohydrate
monosaccharide
disaccharide
polysaccharide
A macromolecule composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. Car…
Single sugar molecule. The monomer (building block) for carbo…
Two monosaccharides linked together.... Molecule Example: sucros…
Many monosaccharides linked together. Functions as energy sto…
carbohydrate
A macromolecule composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. Car…
monosaccharide
Single sugar molecule. The monomer (building block) for carbo…
59 terms
Campbell Biology- Chapter 5
Carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, and n…
Metabolism
Catabolism
Anabolism
Name the 4 types of macromolecules
All the chemical conversions that occur within a cell... Metabo…
Conversion of complex organic molecules into smaller molecule…
Conversion of small organic molecules by forming chemical bon…
Carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, and n…
Name the 4 types of macromolecules
Metabolism
All the chemical conversions that occur within a cell... Metabo…
31 terms
Marine Biology
mutualism
commensalism
parasitism
symbiosis
symbiotic relationship that benefits both organisms ex. yucca…
symbiotic relationship that benefits 1 organism and the other…
symbiotic relationship that benefits 1 organism and the other…
definition: interaction between 2 different organisms living…
mutualism
symbiotic relationship that benefits both organisms ex. yucca…
commensalism
symbiotic relationship that benefits 1 organism and the other…
Genetics Biology
Phenotype
Genotype
Homozygous
Purebred
appearance
letter alleles ex BB, Bb, bb
two of the same letter alleles ex. BB or bb
homozygous
Phenotype
appearance
Genotype
letter alleles ex BB, Bb, bb
19 terms
Enzymes for AP Biology
catalyst
enzyme
activation energy
substrate
substance that speeds up the rate of a chemical reaction with…
protein that speeds up a chemical reaction by lowering the ac…
the amount of energy needed for a reaction to occur
the substance an enzyme acts on
catalyst
substance that speeds up the rate of a chemical reaction with…
enzyme
protein that speeds up a chemical reaction by lowering the ac…
21 terms
ATS GCSE Biology - Cell specialisation, differentiation and microscopy
Differentiation
Specialised
Electron microscope
Sub-cellular structures
When cells become specialised to do a particular job. The cel…
Cells that have a particular job/function.
A microscope that uses electron beams in place of light to gi…
Make up a cell (nucleus, cytoplasm, cell membrane, mitochondr…
Differentiation
When cells become specialised to do a particular job. The cel…
Specialised
Cells that have a particular job/function.
20 terms
Intro to Ag Biology
science
Scientific Method
observation
data
organized way of using evidence to learn about the natural wo…
scientific method is a process for experimentation that is us…
process of gathering information about events or processes in…
information gathered from observations
science
organized way of using evidence to learn about the natural wo…
Scientific Method
scientific method is a process for experimentation that is us…
16 terms
Statistics and Biology
Mean
Standard Deviation
Standard Error of the Mean
Low Standard Deviation
The average of a set of values
The amount by which the values (data points) typically differ…
Determines the precision of the mean value; determine how con…
Less than 2; tells you that the data is closer to the mean; i…
Mean
The average of a set of values
Standard Deviation
The amount by which the values (data points) typically differ…
13 terms
ATS GCSE Biology - Stem cells
Stem cell
Stem cells are found
Zygote
Embryo
Undifferentiated cell of an organism
Zygote ... Embryo's... Adult bone marrow... Meristem in plants
Formed when an egg and sperm fuse... = A single new cell
Hollow ball of cells formed from Zygote... (Inner cells of embry…
Stem cell
Undifferentiated cell of an organism
Stem cells are found
Zygote ... Embryo's... Adult bone marrow... Meristem in plants
205 terms
Biology EOC
Activation Energy
Amino Acid
Carbohydrate
Catalyst
amount of energy needed to start a reaction
Bounded by peptide bonds; monomer of a protein
(monosaccharides) main source of energy for the cell; 1 gram…
used in enzymes to lower the activation energy and speed up t…
Activation Energy
amount of energy needed to start a reaction
Amino Acid
Bounded by peptide bonds; monomer of a protein
56 terms
Biology - Unit 4 - Chemistry of Life - Study Guide
chemistry
biology
science
proton
The study of matter, its composition, and properties is calle…
The study of life is called ___.
constructing an accurate knowledge about the natural world
positively charged subatomic particle
chemistry
The study of matter, its composition, and properties is calle…
biology
The study of life is called ___.
29 terms
Bach Biology Chapter 12 and 13
Complementary base pairing
Double Helix
Nucleotides
Nucleic Acid
Principle that bonds in DNA can form only between adenine and…
two strands of nucleotides wound about each other; structure…
Basic units of DNA molecule, composed of a sugar, a phosphate…
building blocks of DNA and RNA containing hydrogen, oxygen, n…
Complementary base pairing
Principle that bonds in DNA can form only between adenine and…
Double Helix
two strands of nucleotides wound about each other; structure…
28 terms
Biology: Genetics Vocabulary
genetics
fertile
trait
true-breeding
the scientific study of how genes control the characteristics…
capable of growing and developing
a quality that makes one person or thing different from another
A kind of breeding in which the parents with a particular phe…
genetics
the scientific study of how genes control the characteristics…
fertile
capable of growing and developing
59 terms
Campbell Biology- Chapter 5
Carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, and n…
Metabolism
Catabolism
Anabolism
Name the 4 types of macromolecules
All the chemical conversions that occur within a cell... Metabo…
Conversion of complex organic molecules into smaller molecule…
Conversion of small organic molecules by forming chemical bon…
Carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, and n…
Name the 4 types of macromolecules
Metabolism
All the chemical conversions that occur within a cell... Metabo…
Biology Unit 3
Interphase
Prophase
Metaphase
Anaphase
The phase of the cell cycle in which chromosomes are not visi…
Chromosomes are visible and spindle fibers begin to form.
Chromosomes line up along the middle of the cell.
Chromatids separate and begin to move to opposite ends of the…
Interphase
The phase of the cell cycle in which chromosomes are not visi…
Prophase
Chromosomes are visible and spindle fibers begin to form.
24 terms
Biology Chapter 13
uracil
thymine
G
U
RNA contains this base, which DNA does not have.
RNA does NOT contain this base.
C = ____
In RNA, A = ____
uracil
RNA contains this base, which DNA does not have.
thymine
RNA does NOT contain this base.
19 terms
Cellular Transport Biology 1 EOC
Osmosis
Diffusion
Active Transport
Passive Transport
The diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membrane
Particles moving from an area of high concentration to an are…
Process that moves materials across a cell membrane against a…
Process of materials moving across a cell membrane without th…
Osmosis
The diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membrane
Diffusion
Particles moving from an area of high concentration to an are…
BJU Biology Terms Chapter 4
Autotrophs
Heterotrophs
Adenosine Triphosphate - ATP
Adenosine Diphosphate - ADP
Organisms that make their own food. Includes plants, algae, a…
Organisms that depend on other organisms for their energy sou…
Represents stored energy. Bonds are highly unstable. Easily c…
Represents released energy. Easily converted back to ATP. Two…
Autotrophs
Organisms that make their own food. Includes plants, algae, a…
Heterotrophs
Organisms that depend on other organisms for their energy sou…
Biology Chapter 10 - Cell Growth and Division
* What problems does growth cause for…
cell division... 10.1
As a cell increases in size, which inc…
Equation to determine ratio of surface…
* The larger a cell becomes:... - the more demands the cell plac…
The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
Its volume
length x width x 6 ... 1cm cubed = 1cm x 1cm x 6 = 6cm2 (6cm squ…
* What problems does growth cause for…
* The larger a cell becomes:... - the more demands the cell plac…
cell division... 10.1
The process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
7 terms
AP Bio Functional Groups
Hydroxyl
Carbonyl (ketone)
Carbonyl (aldehyde)
Carboxyl (acidic)
-OH
O... =... - C -
O... =... - C... \... H
O... =... - C... \... OH
Hydroxyl
-OH
Carbonyl (ketone)
O... =... - C -
55 terms
ATS GCSE Biology - Cell structure (Year 9)
Cell membrane
Cell wall
Chloroplast
Cytoplasm
Surrounds the cell and controls the passage of substances int…
Found outside the cell membrane in plant and bacterial cells,…
Found in plant cells. Contain chlorophyll that absorbs light…
Where most of the chemical reactions take place in a cell
Cell membrane
Surrounds the cell and controls the passage of substances int…
Cell wall
Found outside the cell membrane in plant and bacterial cells,…
Final Exam Biology 1110
The real MVP Gregor J. Mendel
What was Mendel's experiment
What were the different Generations fo…
What were mendal's observations
He was raised on a farm the Czech Republic and was educated I…
He used pea plants and controlled pollination to find both tr…
The Parental Generation (the original plants)... First Filial G…
If he took two true breeding pea plants (purple and white) an…
The real MVP Gregor J. Mendel
He was raised on a farm the Czech Republic and was educated I…
What was Mendel's experiment
He used pea plants and controlled pollination to find both tr…
1 of 10