How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Study sets matching "term:blood = circulating fluid of the body"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "term:blood = circulating fluid of the body"

15 terms
Disturbances in Blood and Body Fluid Circulation
What causes hyperaemia?
What causes congestion?
What are the effects of congestion on…
What causes ischaemia?
The active process of vasodilation of arteries, due to an inc…
Arises from an impeded blood flow or blockage of blood OUT of…
If congestion is gradual in onset, the body may have time to…
- Cardiac arrest (brain affected first due to its sensitivity…
What causes hyperaemia?
The active process of vasodilation of arteries, due to an inc…
What causes congestion?
Arises from an impeded blood flow or blockage of blood OUT of…
13 terms
BLOOD FLUID $ CIRCULATION
Blood
Plasma
Formed Elements
Erythrocytes or Red Blood Cells (RBCs)
Blood is a connective tissue which is composed of a fluid mat…
Plasma is a straw-coloured and viscous fluid. Plasma constitu…
The formed elements constitute about 45% of the blood. Erythr…
The RBCs are the most abundant cells in blood. In a healthy a…
Blood
Blood is a connective tissue which is composed of a fluid mat…
Plasma
Plasma is a straw-coloured and viscous fluid. Plasma constitu…
12 terms
Circulation and Body Fluids
Diffusion
Ficks law
Open circulatory system
Closed circulatory system
occurs across respiratory and cell membranes... sufficient for s…
Vgas = rate of diffusion... A = tissue area... T = tissure thicknes…
fluid pumped into open ended vessels... circulatory fluid (haemo…
internal vessels - closed ended... pump ( heart)... higher pressure…
Diffusion
occurs across respiratory and cell membranes... sufficient for s…
Ficks law
Vgas = rate of diffusion... A = tissue area... T = tissure thicknes…
50 terms
Body Fluids and Circulation
intracellular fluid
extracellular fluid
interstitial fluid
blood plasma
all fluids inside the cells.
interstitial fluid, blood plasma & major electrolytes.
occurs in spaces between cells within tissues
fluid portion of blood contained within vessels (for animals…
intracellular fluid
all fluids inside the cells.
extracellular fluid
interstitial fluid, blood plasma & major electrolytes.
42 terms
Body Fluid and Circulation
Interstitial Fluid
Blood plasma
Hemolymph
hemocoel
Occurs in spaces between cells within tissues
Fluid portion of blood contained within vessels (for animals…
blood
Contains hemolymph
Interstitial Fluid
Occurs in spaces between cells within tissues
Blood plasma
Fluid portion of blood contained within vessels (for animals…
28 terms
zoology- body fluids and circulation
interstitial fluid
blood plasma
electrolytes in intercellular fluid
electrolytes in extracellular fluid
occurs in spaces between cells within tissues
fluid potion of blood contained within vessels (for animals w…
K+, Mg, PO4+, proteins
Na+, Cl-, HCO3- (bicarbonate ion)
interstitial fluid
occurs in spaces between cells within tissues
blood plasma
fluid potion of blood contained within vessels (for animals w…
43 terms
Body Fluids and Circulation
occurs in spaces between cells within…
fluid portion of blood contained withi…
hemolymph
primary body cavity containing circula…
interstitial fluid
blood plasma
blood
hemocoel
occurs in spaces between cells within…
interstitial fluid
fluid portion of blood contained withi…
blood plasma
41 terms
Body Fluids and Circulation
occurs in spaces between cells within…
fluid portion of blood contained withi…
hemolymph
primary body cavity containing circula…
interstitial fluid
blood plasma
blood
hemocoel
occurs in spaces between cells within…
interstitial fluid
fluid portion of blood contained withi…
blood plasma
39 terms
Body Fluids and Circulation
fibrinogen
globulin
albumins
plasma
plasma protein which is an important clotting factor produced…
plasma protein which is acts as a defense mechanisms. divided…
plasma protein which maintains osmotic pressure/balance.
water, proteins, minerals, glucose, amino acids, lipids are c…
fibrinogen
plasma protein which is an important clotting factor produced…
globulin
plasma protein which is acts as a defense mechanisms. divided…
29 terms
Parts of the Body: Blood Circulation
veine
artère
veine porte
veine cave supérieure
vein
artery
portal vein
superior vena cava
veine
vein
artère
artery
23 terms
4B: Importance of fluids for the circulation of blood
Fluids
Solids
Density
Pressure
Substances that have ability to flow and conform to the shape…
Do not flow and they retain their shape regardless of their…
Mass per unit volume of a substance (fluid or solid)
Measure of force per unit area; it's exerted by a fluid on th…
Fluids
Substances that have ability to flow and conform to the shape…
Solids
Do not flow and they retain their shape regardless of their…
110 terms
Body fluids and blood
Mole
1 molar solution
Molar mass of H20
Moles of H20 in 1L water
a neutral group of atoms joined together by covalent bonds
- a solution that contains one mole of the solute in one litr…
18g/mol
55.55 moles
Mole
a neutral group of atoms joined together by covalent bonds
1 molar solution
- a solution that contains one mole of the solute in one litr…
15 terms
Chapter 25 circulation of body fluids
the blood pressure is the result of the
this many millimeters of blood is pump…
The volume of blood directly increases…
higher blood volume means
elasticity of the walls, pumping action of the heart, blood v…
80 mL
heart rate
higher blood pressure
the blood pressure is the result of the
elasticity of the walls, pumping action of the heart, blood v…
this many millimeters of blood is pump…
80 mL
13 terms
body fluid and blood
Total body water (TBW)
Intracellular space
Interstitial
Blood volume
42L
28L... 40% TBW
10.5L ... 15% TBW
5.5L (plasma + cells)
Total body water (TBW)
42L
Intracellular space
28L... 40% TBW
22 terms
Forensics blood and body fluid
acid phosphatase
agglutination
antibody
antigen
The ________ color test is used to locate and characterized s…
Clumping of cells due to a reaction between antigens on cell…
a substance produced by the body that destroys or inactivates…
A protein that, when introduced in the blood, triggers the pr…
acid phosphatase
The ________ color test is used to locate and characterized s…
agglutination
Clumping of cells due to a reaction between antigens on cell…
28 terms
Qi, blood, and body fluid
Qi
Formation of qi
Congenital qi
Acquired qi
Fundamental substance constituting the universe. ... Essential…
Formed through the join work of kidney, spleen, lung, and sto…
From congenital essence by kidney and inherited from parents.
Food essence and clear qi... -water and food from nature produce…
Qi
Fundamental substance constituting the universe. ... Essential…
Formation of qi
Formed through the join work of kidney, spleen, lung, and sto…
29 terms
Qi, Blood, Body Fluid
qi, blood, body fluid
Jing (essence)
basic concept of qi
formation of qi
- fundamental substances maintaining normal vital activities…
narrow meaning: reproductive Jing... broad meaning: Qi, blood, b…
- essential substance that maintains body's vital activities…
- congenital kidney jing qi... - acquire spleen (stomach) gu qi…
qi, blood, body fluid
- fundamental substances maintaining normal vital activities…
Jing (essence)
narrow meaning: reproductive Jing... broad meaning: Qi, blood, b…
86 terms
Blood and Body Fluids
In 25% of patients with a fever, the c…
What are causes of a non-infectious fe…
In catheters, _____ is the most common…
With blood cultures, you need:... __ cc f…
non-infectious
- tissue damage/necrosis... - ischemic bowel... - post-op atelectas…
Staph epidermidis
20 cc for adults... 5 cc for peds
In 25% of patients with a fever, the c…
non-infectious
What are causes of a non-infectious fe…
- tissue damage/necrosis... - ischemic bowel... - post-op atelectas…
50 terms
QI, BLOOD, BODY FLUID
QI DEFICIENCY
QI SINKING
QI STAGNATION
ST REBELLIOUS QI
Breathlessness, weak voice, spontaneous sweating, no appetite…
Feeling of bearing down, tiredness, listlessness, mental depr…
Feeling of distention, moving distending pain, abdominal mass…
Qi rises instead of descending and leads to Belching, hiccup,…
QI DEFICIENCY
Breathlessness, weak voice, spontaneous sweating, no appetite…
QI SINKING
Feeling of bearing down, tiredness, listlessness, mental depr…
22 terms
Blood and Body Fluid Vocabulary
acid phosphatase
agglutination
antibody
antigen
phosphatase used to free attached phosphate groups from other…
An antibody-mediated immune response in which bacteria or vir…
Y-shaped proteins that respond to an antigen and signal white…
A protein or carbohydrate that, when introduced in the blood,…
acid phosphatase
phosphatase used to free attached phosphate groups from other…
agglutination
An antibody-mediated immune response in which bacteria or vir…
22 terms
Blood and Body Fluid Vocabulary
acid phophatase
agglutination
antibody
antiserum
family of enzymes that can be found in nature and animals
proteins in your blood that determine blood type
a blood protein produced in response to and counteracting a s…
a blood serum containing antibodies against specific antigens…
acid phophatase
family of enzymes that can be found in nature and animals
agglutination
proteins in your blood that determine blood type
35 terms
Blood and Body Fluid
red blood cells
white blood cells
plasma
platelets
Blood cells that carry oxygen from the lungs to the body cells.
Blood cells that perform the function of destroying disease-c…
A sticky, yellow fluid that carries the blood cells and nutri…
A very small blood cell derived from the fragmented cytoplasm…
red blood cells
Blood cells that carry oxygen from the lungs to the body cells.
white blood cells
Blood cells that perform the function of destroying disease-c…
14 terms
Qi, Blood, and Body Fluid
Da Qi/QING QI
gu qi
zong qi
yuan qi
AIR QI- lungs refine fluids
food qi-splee and stomach
ancestral qi, gathering qi, chest qi, pectoral qi= lung and h…
source qi, primary qi, original qi, congential qi= rooted in…
Da Qi/QING QI
AIR QI- lungs refine fluids
gu qi
food qi-splee and stomach
109 terms
Physiology of Body fluids & blood
#1 BODY FLUID COMPARTMENTS
1. Define body fluids
what are the major compartments of bod…
2. Describe the different body fluid c…
...
- compartmentalized ... - substances (solute): electrolytes and…
- extracellular and intracellular
...
#1 BODY FLUID COMPARTMENTS
...
1. Define body fluids
- compartmentalized ... - substances (solute): electrolytes and…
34 terms
Blood and Other Body Fluids
Water Content in cattle
Total body Water
Total Body Water %
Intracellular fluid
60%
40%
Water Content in cattle
Total body Water
8 terms
Body Fluid and Blood
Intracellular Fluid:
Extracellular Fluid:
How much blood do capillaries have to…
Vessels:
-inside the cell... -most found in cytoplasm, small amount in or…
-1/3 of body fluids found outside the cell (33%)... -20% in plas…
At rest:... - most blood is in systemic veins (BIG) and small ve…
- All differ in thickness
Intracellular Fluid:
-inside the cell... -most found in cytoplasm, small amount in or…
Extracellular Fluid:
-1/3 of body fluids found outside the cell (33%)... -20% in plas…
10 terms
Unit 2A: Body Fluids and Circulation
What is the difference between open an…
Sino-Atrial nodes are pace makers in t…
What's the significance of the atrio-v…
Name the valves that guard the left an…
Open Type: Called lacunar type. Flows in sinuses due to the a…
the heart is myogenic heart in humns, hterefore, initiation o…
The significance of the atrio-ventricular node is that it act…
The valve that guards the left A-V apperture is the bicuspid/…
What is the difference between open an…
Open Type: Called lacunar type. Flows in sinuses due to the a…
Sino-Atrial nodes are pace makers in t…
the heart is myogenic heart in humns, hterefore, initiation o…
32 terms
Qi, Blood and Body Fluid
What are the 3 concepts of Qi
What 3 things aid the formation of qi…
What are the 6 functions of Qi?
What is the propelling function of qi…
1) a fundamental substance of the body... 2) strong energy with…
1) Congenital Qi inherated by the parents, stored in the kidn…
1)propelling ... 2)warming... 3)defensive... 4)consolidating (controll…
-growth and development of human body... -movement and generatio…
What are the 3 concepts of Qi
1) a fundamental substance of the body... 2) strong energy with…
What 3 things aid the formation of qi…
1) Congenital Qi inherated by the parents, stored in the kidn…
14 terms
Body fluids and blood
Total body water
Water content of lean tissue
ICS
ECS
42L
0.71L/kg
28L
(Interstitial + plasma) 14L
Total body water
42L
Water content of lean tissue
0.71L/kg
52 terms
Blood and Body Fluids
Functions of blood
Composition of blood
Blood volume
Types of cells
Transport... Distribution... Assist
Cell and cell-like formed elements suspended in a fluid calle…
7-9% of body weight
Erythrocytes... Leukocytes ... Platelets
Functions of blood
Transport... Distribution... Assist
Composition of blood
Cell and cell-like formed elements suspended in a fluid calle…
109 terms
Body Fluids and Blood
60%
18%
7%
15%
What percentage body weight is total body water?
What percentage of body weight is proteins?
What percentage of body weight is minerals?
What percentage of body weight is fat?
60%
What percentage body weight is total body water?
18%
What percentage of body weight is proteins?
12 terms
Body Fluids & Blood
TBW
Intracellular space
DIlution method
Interstial Space
42L
40% OF TBW, TBW-ECS
measures fluid compartments. Conc=S(substnace)/Volume
ECS- Plasma VOlume
TBW
42L
Intracellular space
40% OF TBW, TBW-ECS
42 terms
Blood and Body Fluids
1) transport o2 from lungs to body... 2)…
7-9%
20/80; 25
hematocrit
blood functions: 9
blood volume percentage
blood percentage in pulmonary/systemic circulation; kidney
proportion of cells to plasma
1) transport o2 from lungs to body... 2)…
blood functions: 9
7-9%
blood volume percentage
27 terms
Blood and body fluid exposure
bloodborne pathogens
3 most important blood borne pathogens
HIV
hepatitis B
viruses that you may catch if you come in contact with an inf…
human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)... hepatitis B (HBV)... hepatiti…
virus that causes AIDS ... attacks the immune system... usually cau…
world's most common liver infection ... symptoms usually occur 1…
bloodborne pathogens
viruses that you may catch if you come in contact with an inf…
3 most important blood borne pathogens
human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)... hepatitis B (HBV)... hepatiti…
42 terms
Blood and Body Fluids
1. How many sets do you draw for a blo…
Three types of septicemia
Discuss the formation of the blood bra…
What type of substances can cross the…
1. Three sets either 20 minutes apart or from different sites…
1. Transient (brushing teeth)... 2. Intermittent (infection at d…
It is formed by fenestration of ... endothelial cells (tight jun…
Lipid Soluble (ie, L-dopa for ... Parkinson's disease)
1. How many sets do you draw for a blo…
1. Three sets either 20 minutes apart or from different sites…
Three types of septicemia
1. Transient (brushing teeth)... 2. Intermittent (infection at d…
21 terms
Blood and body fluids
62.5% is?
37.5%
avg human blood is ___ liters
hematocrit
intracellular(contained within n the cells
of total body fluid is extracellular(outside of the cells)
5
packed RBC volume- ... ratio of RBC to volume
62.5% is?
intracellular(contained within n the cells
37.5%
of total body fluid is extracellular(outside of the cells)
50 terms
Body fluids and blood
What unit is used for pressures in med…
How many mmHg does 1kPa =?
What % of a typical 70kg man is water?
List the 3 main fluid compartments
mmHg
7.5mmHg
~60%
1. Plasma... 2. Intracellular... 3. Interstitial
What unit is used for pressures in med…
mmHg
How many mmHg does 1kPa =?
7.5mmHg
113 terms
Qi, Blood, Body Fluids
Qi Deficiency
Qi Sinking
Qi Stagnation
Qi Revision
*Swallow complexion, Weak voice(LU) & Fatigue(LU/SP/KD), Poor…
A feeling of bearing down, Prolapse of organs, mental tdepr…
*A feeling of distension, Frequent sighing, Plum-pit, Distend…
*Cough, asthma,headache, dizziness, irritability, burning uri…
Qi Deficiency
*Swallow complexion, Weak voice(LU) & Fatigue(LU/SP/KD), Poor…
Qi Sinking
A feeling of bearing down, Prolapse of organs, mental tdepr…
33 terms
blood and body fluids
how to do blood cultures
what can pass thru the blood brain bar…
encephalitis
meningoencephalitis
3 sets 20 mins apart... *best to get 30 mins prior to fever spik…
lipid soluble drugs... glucose... small AAs... *some areas no BBB--pos…
inflamm of brain parenchyma... --usually viral
inflamm of brain and meninges... -bacterial OR viral
how to do blood cultures
3 sets 20 mins apart... *best to get 30 mins prior to fever spik…
what can pass thru the blood brain bar…
lipid soluble drugs... glucose... small AAs... *some areas no BBB--pos…
27 terms
Blood and Body Fluids
Body Fluid
Blood and Hematopoietic Tissue
Blood Groups and Types
Physical Characteristics of Blood
60% of body weight... 40% of body weight is Intercellular Fluid…
Classified as a specialized connective tissue (bone origin)... F…
Major blood types: A, B, AB, O... Blood Type AB: universal recip…
Blood Volume is 5-6 L in males & 4-5 L in females... 8% of body…
Body Fluid
60% of body weight... 40% of body weight is Intercellular Fluid…
Blood and Hematopoietic Tissue
Classified as a specialized connective tissue (bone origin)... F…
45 terms
Blood and other Body Fluids
Functions of the blood
Red Blood Cells
Platelets
White Blood Cells
Carries nutrients, Carries O2 to tissues, Carries CO2 to lung…
Erythrocytes
Thrombocytes
Leukocytes
Functions of the blood
Carries nutrients, Carries O2 to tissues, Carries CO2 to lung…
Red Blood Cells
Erythrocytes
10 terms
Blood, Body Fluids, Essence
Functions of blood
Jin fluids functions
Jin fluids characteristics
What controls the jin fliuds
Nourish body, compliment nourishing action of qi.... dense form…
Follow circulation of qi and blood and assist their smooth fl…
clear, thin, watery, flow quickly and easily, fluids excreted…
Lungs, spread them all over the body and moisten and nourish…
Functions of blood
Nourish body, compliment nourishing action of qi.... dense form…
Jin fluids functions
Follow circulation of qi and blood and assist their smooth fl…
98 terms
Body Fluids and Blood
What percentage of body weight is wate…
What are the 2 compartments that make…
What constituents make up the extracel…
What constituents make up the transcel…
water-60%... protein-18%... minerals-7%... fat-15%
Extracellular and Intracellular
Blood plasma, interstitial fluid and lymph, transcellular fluid
cerebrospinal fluid, aqueus humor of eye, GI secretions, rena…
What percentage of body weight is wate…
water-60%... protein-18%... minerals-7%... fat-15%
What are the 2 compartments that make…
Extracellular and Intracellular
14 terms
Blood and Body Fluid Exposure
Which of the following can be transmit…
List three factors that increase the r…
List a few risk factors for HIV infect…
Within what time-frame should HIV post…
HBV ... HIV and HCV can only be transmitted if saliva is contami…
1. Deep injury ... 2. High viral load (acute seroconversion/prim…
HCV, other STIs, MSM, IVDU, sex trade worker, partner is HIV+…
Within 72 hours--but ideally within 2. ... 81% risk reduction
Which of the following can be transmit…
HBV ... HIV and HCV can only be transmitted if saliva is contami…
List three factors that increase the r…
1. Deep injury ... 2. High viral load (acute seroconversion/prim…
32 terms
Blood and Body Fluids
interstitial fluid
lymph
blood
lymphatic system functions
bathes the cells of the body
flows through the lymphatic
made up of living cells and plasma
return excess fluid to general circulation and provide a site…
interstitial fluid
bathes the cells of the body
lymph
flows through the lymphatic
34 terms
Blood Flow and Body Fluids
Edema
Mechanisms of edema
permeability
pressure
Abnormal collection of blood in tissue spaces ... -local ... -syste…
permeability... pressure... proteins
loss of selective permeability of capillary wall
increased pressure in venous system
Edema
Abnormal collection of blood in tissue spaces ... -local ... -syste…
Mechanisms of edema
permeability... pressure... proteins
108 terms
Blood and Body Fluids
Functions of Circulatory System
Respiratory Function
Nutritive Function
Excretory Function
Respiratory... Nutritive... Excretory
Transport o2 and Co2
Carry absorbed digestion products to live and tissues
Carry metabolic wastes to kidneys to be excreted
Functions of Circulatory System
Respiratory... Nutritive... Excretory
Respiratory Function
Transport o2 and Co2
14 terms
Blood & Body Fluids
polycythemia
anemia
pernicious anemia
macrocytic anemia
too many rbis, can increase bp
insufficient # rbis or Hb
inability to absorb vitamin B12
rbc low in # but large in size
polycythemia
too many rbis, can increase bp
anemia
insufficient # rbis or Hb
Blood and body fluids
intestinal fluid
lymph
blood
lymphatic system
bathes the cells of the body
flows through the lymphatic system
made up of living cells and plasma
return excess interstitial fluid to general circulation, site…
intestinal fluid
bathes the cells of the body
lymph
flows through the lymphatic system
41 terms
Blood and Body Fluids
function of blood
Blood composition
Hematopoiesis
pluripotential stem cells
distributing nutrients absorbed from digestive system... transpo…
7-9% body weight... Plasma (55%)... Cells(45%)... Erythrocyes (45%)... Le…
Creation of blood cells... Occurs in bone of most species... Occurs…
Make myeloid stem cells and lymphoid stem cells
function of blood
distributing nutrients absorbed from digestive system... transpo…
Blood composition
7-9% body weight... Plasma (55%)... Cells(45%)... Erythrocyes (45%)... Le…
1 of 10