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Study sets matching "term:carbon nitrogen = the four elements that make up 96% of body matter are"

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Study sets matching "term:carbon nitrogen = the four elements that make up 96% of body matter are"

20 terms
Carbon and Nitrogen Cycles
BIOGEOCHEMICAL CYCLE
CARBON CYCLE
COMBUSTION
NITROGEN CYCLE
Process in which elements, chemical compounds and other forms…
Carbon is used by plants during photosynthesis and made into…
Combustion reaction is when oxygen combines with another comp…
Transfer of nitrogen from the atmosphere to the soil, to livi…
BIOGEOCHEMICAL CYCLE
Process in which elements, chemical compounds and other forms…
CARBON CYCLE
Carbon is used by plants during photosynthesis and made into…
8 terms
The chemical basis and of life
Matter
Element
Compounds
About 96 ℅ of living matter is compose…
Composed of one or more elements
Pure substances that cannot be broken down into other substan…
A substance made of two more elements that are combined in a…
Oxygen... Carbon... Hydrogen... Nitrogen
Matter
Composed of one or more elements
Element
Pure substances that cannot be broken down into other substan…
16 terms
Carbon and Nitrogen cycle
Nitrogen cycle
Carbon cycle
Nitrification
Denitrification
How nitrogen travels through the environment
How CO2 travels through the environment
When nitrogen is made usable for plants
When nitrogen moves from the soil to the air
Nitrogen cycle
How nitrogen travels through the environment
Carbon cycle
How CO2 travels through the environment
11 terms
Chemistry of life
Carbon hydrogen oxygen nitrogen
Oxygen
Matter
Energy
4 elements that make up 96 %the body
The most element in the human body
Anything that occupies space has mass
The ability to do work it can be chemical, electrical, mechan…
Carbon hydrogen oxygen nitrogen
4 elements that make up 96 %the body
Oxygen
The most element in the human body
30 terms
Chapter 2: Chemicals, Matter, and Life
Buffers (1)
Buffers (2)
Radioactivity (1)
Radioactivity (2)
Chemicals that prevent sharp changes in H+ concentrations
Are important in maintaining a relatively constant pH in body…
Emission of atomic particles form and isotope
used in the treatment of cancer
Buffers (1)
Chemicals that prevent sharp changes in H+ concentrations
Buffers (2)
Are important in maintaining a relatively constant pH in body…
144 terms
chapter 2
what is the universe and everything in…
any material that takes up space, livi…
the ability to move matter and exists…
3 forms of energy
matter and energy
matter
energy
-heat... -light... -chemical bonds
what is the universe and everything in…
matter and energy
any material that takes up space, livi…
matter
20 terms
Carbon and Nitrogen Cycles
BIOGEOCHEMICAL CYCLE
CARBON CYCLE
COMBUSTION
NITROGEN CYCLE
Process in which elements, chemical compounds and other forms…
Carbon is used by plants during photosynthesis and made into…
Combustion reaction is when oxygen combines with another comp…
Transfer of nitrogen from the atmosphere to the soil, to livi…
BIOGEOCHEMICAL CYCLE
Process in which elements, chemical compounds and other forms…
CARBON CYCLE
Carbon is used by plants during photosynthesis and made into…
15 terms
CYCLING OF MATTER - INB pgs. 2-1 - 2-11
Water cycle
Precipitation
Evaporation
Transpiration
hydrologic cycle moves water from the Earth though the atmosp…
any form of water that falls to the Earth's surface
process where water in oceans and lakes is heated up enough t…
process where plants lose water through the undersides of the…
Water cycle
hydrologic cycle moves water from the Earth though the atmosp…
Precipitation
any form of water that falls to the Earth's surface
88 terms
Coach Wiley's Ch 2/3 Anatomy Info
anything that occupies space and has m…
3 States of Matter
Matter may be changed
the ability to do work. ... Has no mass a…
matter
Solid: ... Liquid: ... Gaseous:
Physically and Chemically
Energy
anything that occupies space and has m…
matter
3 States of Matter
Solid: ... Liquid: ... Gaseous:
17 terms
Water, Carbon, Nitrogen Cycles
Oxygen, carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen
evaporation
transpiration
nutrients
elements that make up 95% of the body in most organisms
the process by which water changes from liquid form to an atm…
water entering the atmosphere by evaporating from the leaves…
all the chemical substances that an organism requires to live…
Oxygen, carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen
elements that make up 95% of the body in most organisms
evaporation
the process by which water changes from liquid form to an atm…
14 terms
Biology chp. 2.1
Atom
Elements
Protons
Electrons
is the smallest basic unit of matter
is one particular type of atom, and it cannot be broken down…
have a positive electrical charge
have a negative electrical charge
Atom
is the smallest basic unit of matter
Elements
is one particular type of atom, and it cannot be broken down…
32 terms
Biology 1 Pre-Ap:Water, Carbon and Nitrogen Cycle
cycle
water cycle
carbon cycle
Condensation
a series of events that happens over and over again
The continuous process by which water moves from Earth's surf…
the movement of nitrogen through the environment
When water vapor (a gas) cools and changes back into a liquid…
cycle
a series of events that happens over and over again
water cycle
The continuous process by which water moves from Earth's surf…
57 terms
Chemistry of Life Vocabulary
Biochemistry
Atom
Proton
Neutron
study of the chemical aspects of life
smallest particle of a pure substance that still has the chem…
positively charged particle within the nucleus of an atom
electrically neutral particle within the nucleus of an atom
Biochemistry
study of the chemical aspects of life
Atom
smallest particle of a pure substance that still has the chem…
20 terms
Carbon and Nitrogen Cycles
BIOGEOCHEMICAL CYCLE
CARBON CYCLE
COMBUSTION
NITROGEN CYCLE
Process in which elements, chemical compounds and other forms…
Carbon is used by plants during photosynthesis and made into…
Combustion reaction is when oxygen combines with another comp…
Transfer of nitrogen from the atmosphere to the soil, to livi…
BIOGEOCHEMICAL CYCLE
Process in which elements, chemical compounds and other forms…
CARBON CYCLE
Carbon is used by plants during photosynthesis and made into…
13 terms
2.3 and 2.5 vocabulary
monomer
polymer
protein
nucleic acids
small individual unit of a large organic molecule or polymer
large molecule made up of many smaller units called monomers
amino acids, these form body structures and can be enzymes
made of nucleotides, genetic information and instructions for…
monomer
small individual unit of a large organic molecule or polymer
polymer
large molecule made up of many smaller units called monomers
12 terms
LT 7 - Matter, Carbon compounds, carbon, elements bond, macromolecules
Amino Acids
Carbohydrate
Carbon
Carbon Backbone
A compound with an amino group on one end and a caboxyl group…
A compound made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms.
A naturally abundant, nonmetallic element that occurs in all…
The properties of carbon make it the backbone of the organic…
Amino Acids
A compound with an amino group on one end and a caboxyl group…
Carbohydrate
A compound made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms.
18 terms
6.5ABC Elements & Compounds
element
compound
pure substance
atomic symbol
A pure substance that cannot be separated into simpler substa…
Matter that is composed of two or more elements... that are chem…
Matter that is made up of the same particles... throughout.
The symbol that represents each element on the... periodic table.
element
A pure substance that cannot be separated into simpler substa…
compound
Matter that is composed of two or more elements... that are chem…
23 terms
SPS Lesson 2 Cht 1 Grade 5 Classifying Matter
molecule
molecule
water molecule
air
What are two or more atoms joined together
What is the smallest unit of a compound
What has a combination of 2 hydrogen and one oxygen atom
What is a mixture of several different kinds of molecules
molecule
What are two or more atoms joined together
molecule
What is the smallest unit of a compound
185 terms
Bio 1107 Quiz-1
Biotic, Abiotic
Solid, Liquid, Gas
Physical Change
Chopping Wood/Chewing
2 types of matter
3 phases
In matter- Shape is altered, but chemically the same
Examples of matter undergoing physical changes
Biotic, Abiotic
2 types of matter
Solid, Liquid, Gas
3 phases
14 terms
Carbon and Nitrogen Cycles
carbon cycle
combustion
nitrogen cycle
nitrification
Carbon is used by plants during photosynthesis and made into…
Type of reaction where oxygen combines with another compound…
Transfer of nitrogen from the atmosphere to the soil, to livi…
Oxidation of ammonium compounds in dead organic material into…
carbon cycle
Carbon is used by plants during photosynthesis and made into…
combustion
Type of reaction where oxygen combines with another compound…
17 terms
Carbon and Nitrogen Cycles key terms
CARBON CYCLE
COMBUSTION
NITROGEN CYCLE
NITRIFICATION
Carbon is used by plants during photosynthesis and made into…
Combustion reaction is when oxygen combines with another comp…
Transfer of nitrogen from the atmosphere to the soil, to livi…
Oxidation of ammonium compounds in dead organic material into…
CARBON CYCLE
Carbon is used by plants during photosynthesis and made into…
COMBUSTION
Combustion reaction is when oxygen combines with another comp…
100 terms
biomed ch 2
element
compound
how many major elements
What percent of the body do 4 of the m…
pure, can't be broken down
two+ elements joined together, can be broken down
11
96
element
pure, can't be broken down
compound
two+ elements joined together, can be broken down
48 terms
Chapter 2 Biology
Element
How many elements are there in nature?
Matter
Compound
Substance that cannot be broken down to other substances
92
Anything that occupies space or has weight
A substance consisting of two or more different elements in a…
Element
Substance that cannot be broken down to other substances
How many elements are there in nature?
92
60 terms
Chapter 2 Lecture
anerysym
matter
mass
weight
blood vessels expand like a balloon
anything that occupies space ... liquid, gas, solid
how much matter something is made up of
gravity
anerysym
blood vessels expand like a balloon
matter
anything that occupies space ... liquid, gas, solid
26 terms
Cycles of Matter
Biogeochemical cycle
Energy
Matter
Basic Elements
living or once living earth chemicals
moves in 2 directions
recycled between and within ecosystems
4
Biogeochemical cycle
living or once living earth chemicals
Energy
moves in 2 directions
21 terms
CYCLES: Water, Carbon and Nitrogen
Evaporation
Transpiration
Condenstaion
Precipitation
Water heats up and changes states from liquid to gas
Evaporation in plants through holes (stomata) in their leaves…
Gaseous water condenses into liquid droplets (these droplets…
Any form of water that falls from the sky (snow, freezing rai…
Evaporation
Water heats up and changes states from liquid to gas
Transpiration
Evaporation in plants through holes (stomata) in their leaves…
16 terms
Ch.2 Chemistry
Chemistry
Matter
Elements
4 elments form 96 percent of body mass
science of the sructure
anything that takes up space
substances that can not be slpit into simpler substances by o…
hydrogen oxygen carbon and nitrogen
Chemistry
science of the sructure
Matter
anything that takes up space
9 terms
Carbon Cycle and Nitrogen Cycle Quiz
carbon
nitrogen
nitrogen fixation
carbon dioxide
an element whose symbol is C; it is needed by all living thin…
an element whose symbol is N; it is needed by all living thin…
bacteria in the soil and on the roots of phants change nitrog…
A gas/compound that is breathed out from the body of animals…
carbon
an element whose symbol is C; it is needed by all living thin…
nitrogen
an element whose symbol is N; it is needed by all living thin…
34 terms
Carbon and Nitrogen Cycles & ECOSYSTEMS
BIOGEOCHEMICAL CYCLE
CARBON CYCLE
COMBUSTION
NITROGEN CYCLE
Process in which elements, chemical compounds and other forms…
Carbon is used by plants during photosynthesis and made into…
Combustion reaction is when oxygen combines with another comp…
Transfer of nitrogen from the atmosphere to the soil, to livi…
BIOGEOCHEMICAL CYCLE
Process in which elements, chemical compounds and other forms…
CARBON CYCLE
Carbon is used by plants during photosynthesis and made into…
8 terms
Carbon and Carbon Properties
carbon
organic chemistry
organic compound
valence electrons
chemical element that makes up the majority of life
study of carbon compounds
a class of compounds that contain carbon
electrons on the outer level of an element; these are the ele…
carbon
chemical element that makes up the majority of life
organic chemistry
study of carbon compounds
16 terms
Porta Science, Matter & Energy, Unit 1, Lesson 4
atoms
element
compound
mixture
the smallest unit of an element that maintains the properties…
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
A substance made up of atoms of two or more different element…
A combination of two or more substances that are not chemical…
atoms
the smallest unit of an element that maintains the properties…
element
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
93 terms
Chapter 2
Periodic table
relationship between matter, elements,…
electronegativity
electronegativity trend in Periodic Ta…
organized chart of the elements (~112 known)
all matter is composed of elements... all elements are composed…
ability of atoms to grab electrons= reactivity
from Left to Right: E increases'... from Top to Bottom: E decrea…
Periodic table
organized chart of the elements (~112 known)
relationship between matter, elements,…
all matter is composed of elements... all elements are composed…
50 terms
Carbon Chemistry and Macromolecules
polymer
monomer
carbohydrate
protein
A large molecule composed of repeating structural units or mo…
A molecule of any compound that can react with other molecule…
"Compound containing carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in the appr…
Class of nutrients made up of amino acids. They are needed to…
polymer
A large molecule composed of repeating structural units or mo…
monomer
A molecule of any compound that can react with other molecule…
56 terms
Campbell Biology Chapter 2
Emergent Properties
Systems Biology
Hierarchy of Biological Organization
Matter
New properties that arise with each step upward in the hierar…
The attempt to model biological systems based on studying how…
Biosphere ➟ Ecosystem ➟ Community ➟ Population ➟ Organism ➟ O…
Anything that takes up space and has mass
Emergent Properties
New properties that arise with each step upward in the hierar…
Systems Biology
The attempt to model biological systems based on studying how…
14 terms
Elements Making up the Human Body
Oxygen
Carbon
Hydrogen
Nitrogen
A major componant of organic and inorganic molecules; as a ga…
Primary elemental component of all organic molecules, includi…
A component of most organic molecules; in ionic form, influen…
A component of protiens and nucleic acids (genetic material).
Oxygen
A major componant of organic and inorganic molecules; as a ga…
Carbon
Primary elemental component of all organic molecules, includi…
48 terms
APES Unit 4 Ch 3 - MATTER CYCLES THROUGH THE BIOSPHERE
carbon cycle
All ecosystems of the Earth
Biosphere
Biosphere
In the natural ___________, there are two main processes whic…
The biosphere is made up of the combination of __________.
is the region of our planet where life resides.
_______ forms a 20 km (12 mile) thick shell around Earth betw…
carbon cycle
In the natural ___________, there are two main processes whic…
All ecosystems of the Earth
The biosphere is made up of the combination of __________.
62 terms
APES Biochemistry (Carbon-Based Molecules) -CISH
Electron
Proton
Neutron
Atom
A small negatively charged subatomic particle that fill the s…
Heavy positive charged subatomic particle
A subatomic particle of about the same mass as a proton but w…
the smallest component of an element having the chemical prop…
Electron
A small negatively charged subatomic particle that fill the s…
Proton
Heavy positive charged subatomic particle
13 terms
Structure of Matter: I Can 1, 3, 4
Matter
Elements
Compounds
Mixture
anything that takes up space and has volume
pure substances that cannot be separated into simpler substan…
Pure substance that is composed of two or more different elem…
combination of two or more pure substances that are not chemi…
Matter
anything that takes up space and has volume
Elements
pure substances that cannot be separated into simpler substan…
35 terms
The Nutrient Cycles
Nitrogen, carbon, hydrogen, oxygen
recycled
evaporation
transpiration
What ate the four elements that make up over 95% of the body?
what happens to matter within and between ecosystems?
What is the process where water changes from its liquid form…
What is evaporating from the leaves of trees called?
Nitrogen, carbon, hydrogen, oxygen
What ate the four elements that make up over 95% of the body?
recycled
what happens to matter within and between ecosystems?
52 terms
Chapter 4: The Chemical Basis of Life
What are the 4 elements that make up 9…
Pure substance that cannot be broken d…
Elements that make up less than 0.01%…
The number of protons in an atom's nuc…
Oxygen... Carbon... Hydrogen... Nitrogen
Element
Trace Element
Atomic Number
What are the 4 elements that make up 9…
Oxygen... Carbon... Hydrogen... Nitrogen
Pure substance that cannot be broken d…
Element
49 terms
Basic Body Chemistry
Carbon dioxide, Water, and Salts are .…
Covalent Bonds
Ionic Bond
Monomers
Inorganic compounds
Bonds where electrons are shared
Bonds where electrons are taken away or given up
Units that make up polymers... ex: Carbohydrates, Lipids, Protei…
Carbon dioxide, Water, and Salts are .…
Inorganic compounds
Covalent Bonds
Bonds where electrons are shared
12 terms
Types of Molecules
Macromolecules
Organic
Proteins
Lipids
large, carbon-based molecules that your body uses
- means it contains the element carbon
- made of amino acids; are used to make up structures; and us…
- fats, waxes, hormones
Macromolecules
large, carbon-based molecules that your body uses
Organic
- means it contains the element carbon
18 terms
Carbon Chemistry - Organic Macromolecules
polymer
monomer
carbohydrate
protein
A large molecule composed of repeating structural units or mo…
A molecule that can bond with other molecules of the same typ…
Compound containing carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen that serves…
Macromolecule made up of amino acids. They are needed to buil…
polymer
A large molecule composed of repeating structural units or mo…
monomer
A molecule that can bond with other molecules of the same typ…
29 terms
Chemical Bonds, Carbon, and Water
Ion
ionic bond
covalent bond
Hydrogen bonds
an atom that has gained or lost an electron, and is therefore…
Formed when one or more electrons are transferred from one at…
the strongest type of bond, atoms share their valence electro…
occur between partially charged molecules where a hydrogen at…
Ion
an atom that has gained or lost an electron, and is therefore…
ionic bond
Formed when one or more electrons are transferred from one at…
8 terms
A&P 2
chemical elements
how many elements are there?
chemical symbol examples
how many chemical elements are normall…
building blocks that make up all forms of matter - both livin…
118 - 92 occurring naturally on Earth
C for Carbon... O for oxygen... N for nitrogen
26
chemical elements
building blocks that make up all forms of matter - both livin…
how many elements are there?
118 - 92 occurring naturally on Earth
84 terms
Structure of Matter
Acceleration
Atom
Atomic Mass
Atomic Number
a change in the velocity (speed, direction, or both) of a bod…
the smallest unit of an element that has the properties of th…
The combined mass of all of the protons and neutrons of an at…
the number of protons in the nucleus of an atom; atomic numbe…
Acceleration
a change in the velocity (speed, direction, or both) of a bod…
Atom
the smallest unit of an element that has the properties of th…
259 terms
Lecture 2 The Chemistry of Life
Chemistry
Matter—
Weight—
3 states of matter
Since chemicals compose your body (and all body activities ar…
anything that has mass and occupies space.
pull of gravity on mass
Solid, liquid and gas
Chemistry
Since chemicals compose your body (and all body activities ar…
Matter—
anything that has mass and occupies space.
37 terms
Biology Chapter 2
atom
nucleus
proton
neutron
the basic unit of matter
the center of an atom, which contains the protons and neutrons
positively charged sub atomic particle that is found in the n…
sub atomic particle found in the nucleus of an atom that has…
atom
the basic unit of matter
nucleus
the center of an atom, which contains the protons and neutrons
25 terms
Biology Chapter Two - Section 1
Atom
Protons
Protons and Neutrons
Neutrons
Smallest basic unit of matter
Positive electric charge
Form the dense center of an atom- the atomic nucleus
Neutral; no charge
Atom
Smallest basic unit of matter
Protons
Positive electric charge
53 terms
CYCLES: Water, Carbon and Nitrogen
Evaporation
Transpiration
Condenstaion
Precipitaion
Water heats up and changes states from liquid to gas
Evaporation in plants through holes (stomata) in their leaves…
Gaseous water condenses into liquid droplets (these droplets…
Any form of water that falls from the sky (snow, freezing rai…
Evaporation
Water heats up and changes states from liquid to gas
Transpiration
Evaporation in plants through holes (stomata) in their leaves…
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