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Study sets matching "term:cell = smallest unit of living matter"

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Study sets matching "term:cell = smallest unit of living matter"

26 terms
Week 2.2: Cells, The Smallest Unit Of Living Matter
What are 7 things that cells can do?
What are 4 characteristics about the C…
What does it mean in the Cell Membrane…
What are 2 ways thing get through a me…
1. Take up nutrients... 2. Expended energy... 3. Maintain water and…
1. Provides a barrier... 2. Creates a boundary... 3. Has a phosphol…
Doesn't allow everything in and out
1. Passive Transport... 2. Active Transport
What are 7 things that cells can do?
1. Take up nutrients... 2. Expended energy... 3. Maintain water and…
What are 4 characteristics about the C…
1. Provides a barrier... 2. Creates a boundary... 3. Has a phosphol…
5 terms
Cell - The smallest living unit in our body
Asexual reproduction
Sexual reproductin
Homeostasis
Metabolism
Reproduction with only one parent
Reproduction with 2 parents
Returning you body back to normal
All of the chemical processes that occur in our body
Asexual reproduction
Reproduction with only one parent
Sexual reproductin
Reproduction with 2 parents
19 terms
Cells are the smallest living units of life 3.2
Extracellular Fluid
Interstitial Fluid
Plasma Membrane (Cell Membrane)
Cytoplasm
Our body cells are surrounded by a watery medium called ...
The extracellular fluid in most tissues is called ...
This separates the cell contents, or cytoplasm, from the extr…
A general term for the material located between the plasma me…
Extracellular Fluid
Our body cells are surrounded by a watery medium called ...
Interstitial Fluid
The extracellular fluid in most tissues is called ...
30 terms
Foundation Block - Lecture 6 - The Cell, the smallest living sub-unit
somatic cell
oocyte
rough endoplasmic reticulum structure
rough endoplasmic reticulum function
any cell of a living organism other then the reproductive cells
a cell in an ovary which may undergo (a-symetric) meiotic div…
connected cisternae (formed of a double membrane which forms…
- receives new proteins and ensures proper folding... - protein…
somatic cell
any cell of a living organism other then the reproductive cells
oocyte
a cell in an ovary which may undergo (a-symetric) meiotic div…
24 terms
Cells: smallest unit of life
Prokaryotic
Organells
Cell walls
Cell membrane
Contains membrane bound structures
Structures that preform functions
Protects cell and gives shape
Protective layer
Prokaryotic
Contains membrane bound structures
Organells
Structures that preform functions
20 terms
Cells- Smallest Unit of Life
Anton VanLeeuwenhoek
Robert Hooke
Schleiden
Schwann
Made the first microscope that could view individual cells... (S…
gave cells their name after he saw them through the microscop…
Schleiden was a botanist who said that all plants were made o…
a zoologist who said that all animals were made of cells
Anton VanLeeuwenhoek
Made the first microscope that could view individual cells... (S…
Robert Hooke
gave cells their name after he saw them through the microscop…
Cells:The smallest unit of life
Anton VanLeevwehoek
Robert Hooke
Schleiden
Schwann
Made the first microscope that could view single cells, and s…
Gave cells their name after he saw them through the microscope.
Schleiden was a botanist who said that all plants were made o…
A zoologist who said that all animals were made of cells.
Anton VanLeevwehoek
Made the first microscope that could view single cells, and s…
Robert Hooke
Gave cells their name after he saw them through the microscope.
16 terms
Cell: The Smallest Unit of Life
Andon VanLeewenhoek
Robert Hooke
Schleiden
Schwann
Made the first microscope that could view individual cells. S…
Gave cells their name after he saw them through the microscop…
Schleiden was a botanist who said that all plants were made o…
Schwann was a zoologist who said that all animals were made o…
Andon VanLeewenhoek
Made the first microscope that could view individual cells. S…
Robert Hooke
Gave cells their name after he saw them through the microscop…
76 terms
cells; the smallest unit of life
what are the two types of cells
where is the dna contained
why is structure important in a cell
what do all cells have
eukaryotic & prokaryotic
dna is contained within the nucleus of the cell
the structure of a cell equals the function; cell shape gives…
all cells have a cell membrane, cytoplasm, and dna
what are the two types of cells
eukaryotic & prokaryotic
where is the dna contained
dna is contained within the nucleus of the cell
25 terms
chapter 21 the living cell: what is the smallest living thing?
1. Which of the following is a cell?
2. Which phrase best describes the ins…
3. What is NOT a function of the cell…
4. Following Hooke's identification of…
a. chicken egg yolk... b. bacterium... c. sperm... d. nerve... e. all…
b. full of diverse structures
a. reproduction
a. two centuries
1. Which of the following is a cell?
a. chicken egg yolk... b. bacterium... c. sperm... d. nerve... e. all…
2. Which phrase best describes the ins…
b. full of diverse structures
9 terms
Cell Vocabulary Blue Edition Cells the Smallest Units of Life
Cell
Microscope
Nucleus
Organ
The smallest unit of life.
A device that makes small things look bigger.
A cell part that controls everything in a cell.
A group of tissues working together.
Cell
The smallest unit of life.
Microscope
A device that makes small things look bigger.
66 terms
What Makes the Cell the Smallest Unit of Life
cytosol
nucleoid
cytoplasm
plasma membrane
semifluid, jellylike substance in which sub cellular componen…
region that is not membrane-enclosed where DNA is concentrate…
The interior of a cell
the border of every cell that is selectively permeable to oxy…
cytosol
semifluid, jellylike substance in which sub cellular componen…
nucleoid
region that is not membrane-enclosed where DNA is concentrate…
20 terms
Cells-smallest structural and functional unit of an organism
Organism
Nucleus
Cell wall
Cytoplasm
Anything living
middle of the cell
rigid structure that enclose,supports,and protects the cells…
the material or protoplasm within a living cell, excluding th…
Organism
Anything living
Nucleus
middle of the cell
7 terms
Atom A atom is the smallest basic unit of matter
Element
Compound
Ion
Ionic Bond
a type of atom that cannot be broken down into a simple subst…
a substance formed when two or more chemical elements are che…
an atom that has gained or lost one or more electrons.
forms through the electrical force between oppositely charged…
Element
a type of atom that cannot be broken down into a simple subst…
Compound
a substance formed when two or more chemical elements are che…
26 terms
Science - 5th Grade - Note 18 - Cells: The smallest unit of life
What is another word for living thing?
What are the levels of organization, s…
What are organisms made out of?
Do all cells contain the exact same st…
Organism
Cells, Tissue, Organ, Organ System, Organism
One or more cells
All cells share basic structures, but also have some differen…
What is another word for living thing?
Organism
What are the levels of organization, s…
Cells, Tissue, Organ, Organ System, Organism
19 terms
Chapter 3.1 Cells: The Smallest Units of Life Vocabulary
Cell Theory
Plasma Membrane
Cytoplasm
Cytosol
States that every living thing is composed of one or more cel…
The lipid based boundary that surrounds the cell and decides…
All of the contents inside the plasma membrane
Thick gel like fluid inside a cell, composed of ions and biom…
Cell Theory
States that every living thing is composed of one or more cel…
Plasma Membrane
The lipid based boundary that surrounds the cell and decides…
60 terms
Cells: the living units
cell theory
Cell (plasma) membrane or plasmalemma
cytosol
Organelles
1. Cells are the structural "building blocks" of all plants a…
a selectively permeable barrier between inside (intracellular…
jellylike, fluid-containing part of the cytoplasm in which ot…
(little organs)— subunits of cells that compartmentalize a ce…
cell theory
1. Cells are the structural "building blocks" of all plants a…
Cell (plasma) membrane or plasmalemma
a selectively permeable barrier between inside (intracellular…
89 terms
cells the living unit
cells
extracellular material
interstitial fluid
plasma membrane
Basic unit of life
Any substances contributing to body mass that are found outsi…
Watery, internal environment of vertebrates.
A boundary between a cell and its environment
cells
Basic unit of life
extracellular material
Any substances contributing to body mass that are found outsi…
24 terms
Science 10 Unit C: Cycling of Matter in Living Systems; Section I: The Cell
The Janssen Brothers
Antonie Philips van Leeuwenhoek
Robert Hooke
Electron Microscope
Who developed the first microscope?
Who was the first to see unicellular organisms under a single…
The first to use the word "cell" through looking at cork cells?
Microscope that forms an image by focusing beams of electrons…
The Janssen Brothers
Who developed the first microscope?
Antonie Philips van Leeuwenhoek
Who was the first to see unicellular organisms under a single…
55 terms
Cells - The Living Units
The Cell Theory:
Organelles
Plasma Membrane
Functions of Plasma Membrane
Cells are the "building blocks" of all plants and animals
Small structures in the cytoplasm (ribosomes, mitochondria, a…
Membrane made of a double layer of lipids within which protei…
Serves as an external cell barrier; acts in transport of subs…
The Cell Theory:
Cells are the "building blocks" of all plants and animals
Organelles
Small structures in the cytoplasm (ribosomes, mitochondria, a…
208 terms
3. Cells: The Living Units
Cell Theory
generalized cell
composite cell
plasma membrane
-all known living things are made up of one or more cells... -th…
-a human cell has three main parts;... -plasma membrane... -cytopla…
-different name for generalized cell
-separates the extracellular fluid and intracellular fluid
Cell Theory
-all known living things are made up of one or more cells... -th…
generalized cell
-a human cell has three main parts;... -plasma membrane... -cytopla…
60 terms
Cells: the living units
cell theory
Cell (plasma) membrane or plasmalemma
cytosol
Organelles
1. Cells are the structural "building blocks" of all plants a…
a selectively permeable barrier between inside (intracellular…
jellylike, fluid-containing part of the cytoplasm in which ot…
(little organs)— subunits of cells that compartmentalize a ce…
cell theory
1. Cells are the structural "building blocks" of all plants a…
Cell (plasma) membrane or plasmalemma
a selectively permeable barrier between inside (intracellular…
19 terms
Unit I - Composition of Living Matter
elemental building blocks
ionic bonds
covalent bonds
hydrogen bonds
carbon, hydrogen, and nitrogen; combine into macromolecules t…
bonds in which electrons are donated
bonds in which electrons are shared
bonds in which positive and negative forces interact with eac…
elemental building blocks
carbon, hydrogen, and nitrogen; combine into macromolecules t…
ionic bonds
bonds in which electrons are donated
81 terms
Cells: The Living Units
Cytology
First step in any disease process is...
Cell
Structure and Function are complementa…
Study of cells
Inflammation
The smallest structural and functional unit of life
The structure at the cellular level determines its function
Cytology
Study of cells
First step in any disease process is...
Inflammation
63 terms
Cells - The Living Units
Cell Theory Concepts
Characteristics of Cells
Fluid Mosaic Model
Phospholipid Bilayer
1. Cells are the basic structural and functional units of lif…
1. Cells vary greatly in their size, shape, and function... 2. A…
-plasma membrane has this because it is a double layer of pho…
head of a phospholipid molecule is made up of phosphate group…
Cell Theory Concepts
1. Cells are the basic structural and functional units of lif…
Characteristics of Cells
1. Cells vary greatly in their size, shape, and function... 2. A…
40 terms
Cells: The Living Units
Cell
Cytology
Animal Cell
Plasma Membrane
Basic structural and functional unit of living organisms.
The study of a cell with a microscope.
Consists of..... 1) Plasma Membrane... 2) Rough ER... 3) Ribosomes... 4)…
Extent of the cell; separating 2 of the body's major fluid co…
Cell
Basic structural and functional unit of living organisms.
Cytology
The study of a cell with a microscope.
29 terms
Cells: The Living Units
Nucleolus
Smooth endoplasmic reticulum
Cytoplasm
Mitochondrion
Found inside the nucleus and produces ribosomes
Which type of organelle or structure is primarily involved in…
A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are…
Cell organelle that converts the chemical energy stored in fo…
Nucleolus
Found inside the nucleus and produces ribosomes
Smooth endoplasmic reticulum
Which type of organelle or structure is primarily involved in…
19 terms
Cells: The Living Units
Plasma membrane
Plasma membrane-fluid mosaic model and…
Diffusion
Osmosis
a semipermeable limiting layer of cell protoplasm —called als…
mosaic of phospholipids, cholesterol, proteins, and carbohydr…
the intermingling of substances by the natural movement of th…
diffusion of molecules through a semipermeable membrane from…
Plasma membrane
a semipermeable limiting layer of cell protoplasm —called als…
Plasma membrane-fluid mosaic model and…
mosaic of phospholipids, cholesterol, proteins, and carbohydr…
45 terms
Cells: the living units
Robert Hooke
Prokaryotic cell
Eukaryote cell
Intracellular fluid
the first person to observe cells
A cell that does not have a nucleus
A cell that does have a nucleus
part of the plasma membrane; means within in the cells... - flui…
Robert Hooke
the first person to observe cells
Prokaryotic cell
A cell that does not have a nucleus
32 terms
Cells: The Living Units
all cells have
plasma membrane
lipid bilayer
glycoproteins
plasma membrane, cytoplasm, nucleus
flexible outer boundary; selectively permeable
stops anything not lipid soluble from entering cell. separate…
lipids w/ polar sugar groups on outer membrane surface. they…
all cells have
plasma membrane, cytoplasm, nucleus
plasma membrane
flexible outer boundary; selectively permeable
14 terms
Cells: The Living Units
ER smooth
ER Rough
peroxisomes
cytoplasm
metabolizes lipids, stores calcium
makes proteins
neutralize and remove toxic substances in cell
cytosol (liquid) + organelles+ inclusions (pigment/nutrients)
ER smooth
metabolizes lipids, stores calcium
ER Rough
makes proteins
46 terms
cells: the living unit
How are cells produced?
What are the three main parts of the c…
cytoplasm
Cytosol
By the division of preexisting cells. (mitosis and meiosis)
plasma membrane, nucleus, and cytoplasm
constitutes the bulk of the cells mass. ... Made up of cytosol a…
jelly like fluid containing part of the cytoplasm in which ot…
How are cells produced?
By the division of preexisting cells. (mitosis and meiosis)
What are the three main parts of the c…
plasma membrane, nucleus, and cytoplasm
14 terms
Cells: the living units
Cell Theory
Extracellular Materials
Plasma Membrane
Fluid Mosaic Model
The cell is the basic structural and functional unit of life…
Body fluids... Interstitial fluid, cerebrospinal fluid, and pla…
Separates intracellular fluid from extracellular fluid... Four…
1. Fluid= movement... 2.Mosaic= many parts working together
Cell Theory
The cell is the basic structural and functional unit of life…
Extracellular Materials
Body fluids... Interstitial fluid, cerebrospinal fluid, and pla…
15 terms
Cell: The Living Unit
Cell Theory:
Cells:
Cell membrane (plasmalemma):
Cytoplasm:
1. structural "building blocks" of all plants and animals... 2.…
DIFFER in size/shape
a selectively permeable barrier bwt the inside (intracellular…
makes up most of the cell mass... 1. cytosol... 2. organelles
Cell Theory:
1. structural "building blocks" of all plants and animals... 2.…
Cells:
DIFFER in size/shape
41 terms
Cells: The Living Units
3 Components of the Cell Theory
Cytosol
Cytoplasm
2 Importance of Membrane Organelles
1. "Building Blocks" of all living things... 2. Comes from pre-e…
Jellylike, fluid-containing (contains ions, amino acids, suga…
Cytosol + Organelles (except nucleus)
1. Segregation of Molecules... 2. Membrane Surface Area for Synt…
3 Components of the Cell Theory
1. "Building Blocks" of all living things... 2. Comes from pre-e…
Cytosol
Jellylike, fluid-containing (contains ions, amino acids, suga…
39 terms
CELLS LIVING UNITS
Cell
Plasma membrane
The plasma membrane is what time of me…
Proteins and cholesterol molecules are…
The basic functional unit of all living things
Separates internal metabolic events from the external environ…
Phospholipid
Phospholipid
Cell
The basic functional unit of all living things
Plasma membrane
Separates internal metabolic events from the external environ…
115 terms
Cells: The Living Units
All cells have what 3 common stuctures…
What is plasma membrane compoesed of?
Membrane Proteins
Integral Proteins Functions
1) Plasma Membrane-Flexible outer boundy, 2) Cytoplasm-intrac…
Phospholipids (75%), glycolipids (5%), and cholesterol (20%) .
Two types: Integral and Peripheral.
Transport proteins (channels and carriers), enzymes, or recep…
All cells have what 3 common stuctures…
1) Plasma Membrane-Flexible outer boundy, 2) Cytoplasm-intrac…
What is plasma membrane compoesed of?
Phospholipids (75%), glycolipids (5%), and cholesterol (20%) .
28 terms
Cells & Living Units
fats
cytoplasm
waste disposal & energy transfer
cytoplasm
What chemical is missing thats within the cell___________This…
Many of the functions of a cell are carried out within the
Several typical functions are: food storage, protein-making,…
The nucleus lies within the_______ is . . It also contains th…
fats
What chemical is missing thats within the cell___________This…
cytoplasm
Many of the functions of a cell are carried out within the
39 terms
Cells: The Living Units
Cell Theory
Cell membrane (plasmalemma)
Cytosol
Organelles
1. Cells are the structural "building blocks" of all plants a…
a selectively permeable barrier between inside (intracellular…
jellylike, fluid-containing pare of the cytoplasm in which ot…
sub-units of cells that compartmentalize a cell's biochemical…
Cell Theory
1. Cells are the structural "building blocks" of all plants a…
Cell membrane (plasmalemma)
a selectively permeable barrier between inside (intracellular…
11 terms
Cells the living unit
Cell Theory
Cell diversity
Human Cell
Plasma membrane
Cell sturctural and functional unit of life... Organism function…
200 different types of human cells... Differ in shapes, size = d…
Plasma membrane ... Cytoplasm ... Nucleus
Flexible outer boundary
Cell Theory
Cell sturctural and functional unit of life... Organism function…
Cell diversity
200 different types of human cells... Differ in shapes, size = d…
11 terms
Cells : The Living Units
Hypertonic
Hypotonic
Isotonic
What is the Mitochondria and what is i…
When the concentration of solutes is greater outside the cell…
When the concentration of solutes is greater inside the cell…
When the concentration of solutes is the same on the inside a…
Double membrane structure. Site of ATP synthesis, powerhouse…
Hypertonic
When the concentration of solutes is greater outside the cell…
Hypotonic
When the concentration of solutes is greater inside the cell…
42 terms
The Cell - the building unit of living organism
The Cell
Tissue
Organs
Systems
الخلية
أنسجة
أعضاء
أجهزة
The Cell
الخلية
Tissue
أنسجة
83 terms
cells : the living units
cell
organismal activity
plasma membrane
plasma membrane
basic structural & functional unit of life
it depends on individual & collective activity of cells
separated intracellular fluids from extracellular fluid
plays a dynamic role in cellular activity
cell
basic structural & functional unit of life
organismal activity
it depends on individual & collective activity of cells
23 terms
Cells - The Living Units
Composition of Cell Membrane Lipids
Membrane Protein Functions
Three types of cell junctions
Tight Junctions
Phospholipids (75%), cholesterol (20%), glycolipids (5%)
transport, signal receptors, attachment to cytoskeleton and E…
(1) tight junctions (2) desmosomes (rivids) (3) gap junctions
Integral proteins on adjacent cells fuse to form an... impermeab…
Composition of Cell Membrane Lipids
Phospholipids (75%), cholesterol (20%), glycolipids (5%)
Membrane Protein Functions
transport, signal receptors, attachment to cytoskeleton and E…
CELLS : THE LIVING UNITS
Basic Structure of the cell
Extracellular materials
Classes of extracellular materials
Extracellular fluids
plasma membrane, cytoplasm containing organelles, nucleus
substances found outside cells
extracellular fluids (body fluids), cellular secretions, extr…
interstitial fluid, blood plasma, cerebrospinal fluid
Basic Structure of the cell
plasma membrane, cytoplasm containing organelles, nucleus
Extracellular materials
substances found outside cells
12 terms
Cells: the living units
Plasma membrane
Phospholipid
Hydrophilic
Hydrophobic
Separates two of the bodys major fluid compartments (intracel…
Polar head and non-polar tails
Water-loving
Water-fear
Plasma membrane
Separates two of the bodys major fluid compartments (intracel…
Phospholipid
Polar head and non-polar tails
42 terms
Cells: The Living Units
Cells
Plasma Membrane
Fluid Mosaic Model
Membrane Lipids
Make up all living organisms and are the smallest living stru…
A phosopholipid bi-layer with proteins embedded in one or bot…
The current working theory of cell membrane structure. It sta…
Come in three varieties, phospholipid, cholesterol, and glyco…
Cells
Make up all living organisms and are the smallest living stru…
Plasma Membrane
A phosopholipid bi-layer with proteins embedded in one or bot…
114 terms
Cells: The Living Units
Cells
Cell theory
Generalized or composite cell
Plasma membrane
structural units of all living things
1. a cell is the basic structural and functional unit of livi…
all cells have the same basic parts and some common functions
defines the extent of the cell, separates two of the bodies m…
Cells
structural units of all living things
Cell theory
1. a cell is the basic structural and functional unit of livi…
61 terms
Cells: The Living Units
Cell
Generalized cell
Human cells have 3 basic parts
Plasma membrane
Structural and functional unit of life
All cells have some common structures and functions
Plasma membrane, cytoplasm, and nucleus
Flexible outer boundary. Phospholipid bilayer, selective perm…
Cell
Structural and functional unit of life
Generalized cell
All cells have some common structures and functions
53 terms
Cells: The Living Units
all life is cellular; cells are the st…
transport, receptor, attachment, enzym…
tight junction
desmosome
cell theory
functions of proteins
prevent things from getting between the cells
hold cells together
all life is cellular; cells are the st…
cell theory
transport, receptor, attachment, enzym…
functions of proteins
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