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Study sets matching "term:chemical elements = small substances that make up structure"

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Study sets matching "term:chemical elements = small substances that make up structure"

8 terms
Pure Substances: Elements and Compounds. Mixtures: Homogenous and Heterogenous.
Element
Compound
Molecule
Pure substance
A material made of only one type of atom. Found on the peri…
a material which is made of two or more different kind of ato…
Two or more atoms bonded together. Can be elements like O₂ or…
a material in which all of the particles are identical (the s…
Element
A material made of only one type of atom. Found on the peri…
Compound
a material which is made of two or more different kind of ato…
18 terms
The atom and chemical substances
Dalton's atomic theory
Elements
Compounds
Chemical changes
Matter is formed by indivisible particles called atoms
Are made up by equal atoms
Are made up by different types of atoms
Involve re-ordering the atoms in a substance, creating new su…
Dalton's atomic theory
Matter is formed by indivisible particles called atoms
Elements
Are made up by equal atoms
11 terms
Elements Compounds and Chemical Changes
element
matter
atom
compound
building blocks of matter
anything that has mass and takes up space
the smallest particle of an element maintaining the chemical…
matter made of two or more different elements; the elements a…
element
building blocks of matter
matter
anything that has mass and takes up space
5 terms
EQ: What substances make up air?
mixture
compound
homogenous mixture
solvent
the product of the random distribution of one substance throu…
a substance formed from two or more elements chemically unite…
a mixture that has the same uniform appearance and compositio…
a substance that dissolves a solute (a chemically distinct li…
mixture
the product of the random distribution of one substance throu…
compound
a substance formed from two or more elements chemically unite…
25 terms
Physical & chemical changes, Pure substances & mixtures
physical change
chemical change
law of conservation of mass
a few signs of chemical change
a change that affects one or more physical properties of a su…
a change that occurs when one or more substances change into…
states that in ordinary chemical & physical changes, mass is…
1. production of a gas... 2. production of an odor... 3. formation…
physical change
a change that affects one or more physical properties of a su…
chemical change
a change that occurs when one or more substances change into…
7 terms
Pure Substances and Mixtures
atom
element
compound
mixture
The smallest unit of an element that maintains the properties…
A substance that cannot be separated or broken down into simp…
A substance made up of atoms or ions of two or more different…
A combination of two or more substances that are not chemical…
atom
The smallest unit of an element that maintains the properties…
element
A substance that cannot be separated or broken down into simp…
7 terms
Pure Substances and Mixtures
Atom
Element
Compound
Mixture
the smallest component of an element having the chemical prop…
a substance that cannot be separated or... broken down into a si…
a substance made up of atoms of two or more... different element…
a combination of two or more substances that... are not chemical…
Atom
the smallest component of an element having the chemical prop…
Element
a substance that cannot be separated or... broken down into a si…
17 terms
Atomic Structure and Chemical Bonds Ch 16
atom
electron cloud
energy level
electron dot diagram
the smallest part of an element that keeps all the properties…
the area of space around the nucleus where the electrons travel
the different areas for an electron in an atom - closer to th…
symbol for the element surrounded by dots that represent the…
atom
the smallest part of an element that keeps all the properties…
electron cloud
the area of space around the nucleus where the electrons travel
7 terms
Chapter 11 - Elements, Compounds and Mixtures
Element
Compound
Bonds
Mixture
A substance made up of only one type of atom (Always on Perio…
Two or more elements chemically combined (eg. Sodium Chloride)
Strong forces that chemically join elements to make a compound
Consists of two or more substances mingled together but not c…
Element
A substance made up of only one type of atom (Always on Perio…
Compound
Two or more elements chemically combined (eg. Sodium Chloride)
9 terms
Structure of Matter
Matter
Elements
Compounds
Atom
anything that has mass and takes up space
fundamental substance of matter
chemical combinations of elements
smallest unit of an element
Matter
anything that has mass and takes up space
Elements
fundamental substance of matter
65 terms
Matter, Elements, Atomic Structure
Atom
Density
Element
Compound
the smallest unit of an element that maintains the chemical p…
the measure of mass of a substance per unit volume
a substance that cannot be separated or broken down into simp…
a substance made of two or more different atoms
Atom
the smallest unit of an element that maintains the chemical p…
Density
the measure of mass of a substance per unit volume
14 terms
Atomic Structure and Elements Compounds Mixtures
matter
element
atom
proton
any substance that has mass and takes up space
substances made of only one type of atom and cannot be broken…
the smallest unit of an element
positive particle in an atom, found in the nucleus
matter
any substance that has mass and takes up space
element
substances made of only one type of atom and cannot be broken…
17 terms
Pure Substances and Mixtures
atom
element
compound
mixture
the smallest unit of an element that maintains the the proper…
a substance that cannot be separated or broken down into simp…
a substance made up of atoms of two or more different element…
a combination of two or more substances that are not chemical…
atom
the smallest unit of an element that maintains the the proper…
element
a substance that cannot be separated or broken down into simp…
25 terms
SCIENCE 605: CHEMICAL STRUCTURE AND CHANGE
acid
atom
base
chemical
A substance that usually tastes sour or sharp. Acetic acid in…
The smallest particle of an element.
A substance that feels slick or soapy and usually has a bitte…
Any of the many substances that make up the matter of the uni…
acid
A substance that usually tastes sour or sharp. Acetic acid in…
atom
The smallest particle of an element.
17 terms
Structure of Matter
Matter
Mass
Atom
Element
anything that has volume (takes up space) and mass (weight)
similar to weight, but does not include gravity
the smallest unit (building block) of matter
substance made of one type of atoms (which all have the same…
Matter
anything that has volume (takes up space) and mass (weight)
Mass
similar to weight, but does not include gravity
9 terms
Atomic Structure of Elements Key Words
atom
atomic number
element
matter
the smallest unit of an element that has the properties of th…
the number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
a pure substance that cannot be broken down into simpler subs…
material that has mass and takes up some amount of space
atom
the smallest unit of an element that has the properties of th…
atomic number
the number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
21 terms
pure substances and mixtures
Atom
Element
Compound
Mixture
the smallest unit of an element that maintains properties of…
a substance that can not be separated or broken down into sim…
a substance made up of atoms of 2 or more different elementsj…
a combination of 2 or more substances that are not chemically…
Atom
the smallest unit of an element that maintains properties of…
Element
a substance that can not be separated or broken down into sim…
12 terms
Elements, Compound, Mixtures
Compound
Atom
Mixture
Element
2 or more DIFFERENT elements that are chemically bonded to ma…
The smallest particle of matter that makes up elements
2 or more substances that are together but NOT chemically com…
A pure substance that cannot be broken down any further by ch…
Compound
2 or more DIFFERENT elements that are chemically bonded to ma…
Atom
The smallest particle of matter that makes up elements
15 terms
Chemical Compounds in Cells
Elements
Compounds
Organic Compounds
Inorganic Compounds
Any substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substan…
Two or more elements combine chemically to form this
Compounds in living things. Contains CARBON
Compounds in non-living thing. Does not contain carbon.
Elements
Any substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substan…
Compounds
Two or more elements combine chemically to form this
26 terms
Chemical formulas
chemical formula
compound
coefficient
subscript
A formula that gives the elements in a compound and the ratio…
A substance made up of atoms of two or more different element…
A number placed in front of a formula in an equation to indic…
A number in a chemical formula that tells the number of atoms…
chemical formula
A formula that gives the elements in a compound and the ratio…
compound
A substance made up of atoms of two or more different element…
Elements and Compounds
atom
compound
element
periodic table
the smallest unit of an element that maintains the properties…
a substance made of two or more different elements that have…
a pure substance made of only one kind of atom
a table that shows the elements arranged by their atomic numb…
atom
the smallest unit of an element that maintains the properties…
compound
a substance made of two or more different elements that have…
18 terms
6.5ABC Elements & Compounds
element
compound
pure substance
atomic symbol
A pure substance that cannot be separated into simpler substa…
Matter that is composed of two or more elements... that are chem…
Matter that is made up of the same particles... throughout.
The symbol that represents each element on the... periodic table.
element
A pure substance that cannot be separated into simpler substa…
compound
Matter that is composed of two or more elements... that are chem…
30 terms
Chemical formulas
chemical formula
compound
coefficient
subscript
A formula that gives the elements in a compound and the ratio…
A substance made up of atoms of two or more different element…
A number placed in front of a formula in an equation to indic…
A number in a chemical formula that tells the number of atoms…
chemical formula
A formula that gives the elements in a compound and the ratio…
compound
A substance made up of atoms of two or more different element…
14 terms
Pure Substances and Mixtures
atom
element
compounds
mixtures
the smallest unit of an element that maintains the properties…
a substance that cannot be separated or broken down into simp…
a substance made up of atoms of two or more different element…
a combination of two or more substances that are not chemical…
atom
the smallest unit of an element that maintains the properties…
element
a substance that cannot be separated or broken down into simp…
18 terms
atomic structure
matter
element
periodic table of elements
atomic number
Anything that has mass and takes up space
A substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substances
A table that classifies elements by their physical and chemic…
The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
element
A substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substances
11 terms
Substances and Mixtures
atom
chemical change
composition
compound
small particle that is the building block of matter
a change in matter in which the substances that make... up the m…
what something is made up of
substance made of two or more elements that are... chemically jo…
atom
small particle that is the building block of matter
chemical change
a change in matter in which the substances that make... up the m…
21 terms
Chemical Bonding: Ionic Bond
Element
Compound
Molecule
Chemical Formula
A substance that cannot be broken down into a simpler substan…
A substance made up of two or more different types of atoms b…
A group of atoms that are held together by covalent bonds so…
Uses chemical symbols to represent the atoms of the elements…
Element
A substance that cannot be broken down into a simpler substan…
Compound
A substance made up of two or more different types of atoms b…
13 terms
What Makes Up Matter
atom
atomic theory
molecule
element
the smallest part of an element that still has the properties…
the idea that everything is made of small particles
the smallest particle of a compound that still has the proper…
a pure substance that is made from a single type of atom
atom
the smallest part of an element that still has the properties…
atomic theory
the idea that everything is made of small particles
16 terms
atomic structure
matter
element
periodic table of elements
atomic number
Anything that has mass and takes up space
A substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substances
A table that classifies elements by their physical and chemic…
The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
element
A substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substances
17 terms
Science 8 Matter 4 - Elements, Compounds, Mixtures
Molecule
Element
Compound
Mixture
The simplest structural unit of an element or compound.
Matter made up of only one kind of atom, a pure substance.
A substance whose smallest part is made up of atoms of 2 or m…
When 2 or more substances (elements or compounds) come togeth…
Molecule
The simplest structural unit of an element or compound.
Element
Matter made up of only one kind of atom, a pure substance.
Elements, Molecules, Compounds, Mixtures
element
molecule
compound
mixture
a pure substance made up of only one kind of atom
a substance made up of two or more of the same atoms
a substance that contains two or more different elements and…
a combination of different substances that are not chemically…
element
a pure substance made up of only one kind of atom
molecule
a substance made up of two or more of the same atoms
23 terms
Atoms and Elements
The smallest particle of an element th…
An abbreviation of an element's name.
The structure in the center of an atom…
An atomic particle that lacks charge.
Atom
Chemical Symbol
Nucleus
Neutron
The smallest particle of an element th…
Atom
An abbreviation of an element's name.
Chemical Symbol
13 terms
Atomic Structure
Matter
Mass
Volume
Weight
anything that has mass and takes up space.
a measure of the amount of matter in a substance (m).
the amount of space a substance takes up (V).
a measure of the pull of gravity on an object.
Matter
anything that has mass and takes up space.
Mass
a measure of the amount of matter in a substance (m).
29 terms
Chemical Interactions
Matter
Chemistry
Physical Property
Chemical Property
Anything that has mass and takes up space.
The study of matter and how matter changes.
A characteristic of a substance that can be observed without…
A characteristic of a substance that describes its ability to…
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space.
Chemistry
The study of matter and how matter changes.
10 terms
Chapter 3 Vocabulary
pure substance
element
atom
chemical symbol
substance made of one kind of material having definite proper…
simplest type of pure substance
smallest particle of an element that has all the properties o…
shorthand way of representing an element
pure substance
substance made of one kind of material having definite proper…
element
simplest type of pure substance
21 terms
Chemical Bonding: Ionic Bond
Element
Compound
Molecule
Chemical Formula
A substance that cannot be broken down into a simpler substan…
A substance made up of two or more different types of atoms b…
A group of atoms that are held together by covalent bonds so…
Uses chemical symbols to represent the atoms of the elements…
Element
A substance that cannot be broken down into a simpler substan…
Compound
A substance made up of two or more different types of atoms b…
30 terms
Chemical formulas
chemical formula
compound
coefficient
subscript
A formula that gives the elements in a compound and the ratio…
A substance made up of atoms of two or more different element…
A number placed in front of a formula in an equation to indic…
A number in a chemical formula that tells the number of atoms…
chemical formula
A formula that gives the elements in a compound and the ratio…
compound
A substance made up of atoms of two or more different element…
30 terms
Chemical formulas
chemical formula
compound
coefficient
subscript
A formula that gives the elements in a compound and the ratio…
A substance made up of atoms of two or more different element…
A number placed in front of a formula in an equation to indic…
A number in a chemical formula that tells the number of atoms…
chemical formula
A formula that gives the elements in a compound and the ratio…
compound
A substance made up of atoms of two or more different element…
30 terms
Chemical formulas
chemical formula
compound
coefficient
subscript
A formula that gives the elements in a compound and the ratio…
A substance made up of atoms of two or more different element…
A number placed in front of a formula in an equation to indic…
A number in a chemical formula that tells the number of atoms…
chemical formula
A formula that gives the elements in a compound and the ratio…
compound
A substance made up of atoms of two or more different element…
10 terms
Pure Substances & Mixtures
Atoms
Element
Compound
Mixture
The smallest particle of an element. All matter is made of th…
One or more of the same kind of atom. Building blocks of all…
Different kinds of atoms chemically combined to form a substa…
Variety of elements and/or compounds not chemically combined.…
Atoms
The smallest particle of an element. All matter is made of th…
Element
One or more of the same kind of atom. Building blocks of all…
Science Vocab Unit 1 - Chemistry
Atom
Atomic number
Atomic weight/mass
Charge
the smallest particle of a substance that can exist by itself…
Number of protons in an atom.
the mass of an atom of a chemical element expressed in atomic…
Electric charge definition, one of the basic properties of th…
Atom
the smallest particle of a substance that can exist by itself…
Atomic number
Number of protons in an atom.
30 terms
7 Cells Ch 1 Cell Structure and Function Vocabulary
Cells
Microscope
Cell theory
The basic unit of structure and function in living things
An instrument that makes small objects looks larger
...
Cells
The basic unit of structure and function in living things
Microscope
An instrument that makes small objects looks larger
12 terms
chemical reactions/balancing equations
synthesis
decomposition reaction
Single replacement (displacement) reac…
double displacement reaction
2 or more reactants -> product
single reactant -> 2 or more products
element + compound -> element compound
compound + compound -> compound + compound
synthesis
2 or more reactants -> product
decomposition reaction
single reactant -> 2 or more products
29 terms
Chemical Interactions
Matter
Chemistry
Physical Property
Chemical Property
Anything that has mass and takes up space.
The study of matter and how matter changes.
A characteristic of a substance that can be observed without…
A characteristic of a substance that describes its ability to…
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space.
Chemistry
The study of matter and how matter changes.
33 terms
Elements and Compounds
atom
compound definition
element definition
periodic table
the smallest unit of an element that maintains the properties…
a substance made of two or more different elements that have…
a pure substance made of only one kind of atom
a table that shows the elements arranged by their atomic numb…
atom
the smallest unit of an element that maintains the properties…
compound definition
a substance made of two or more different elements that have…
16 terms
Atoms, Elements, Compounds, Mixtures Grade 6 review
element
atom
compound
mixture
a pure substance that cannot be broken down into other substa…
the smallest particle of an element that still has the chemic…
a substance made up of two or more elements that are chemical…
a combination of two or more substances that can be easily se…
element
a pure substance that cannot be broken down into other substa…
atom
the smallest particle of an element that still has the chemic…
20 terms
Chemical Reactions
physical change
chemical change
reactant
product
a change that alter the form or appearance but does not make…
a change in which one or more substances combine or break apa…
a substance that enters into a chemical reaction
a substance formed as a result of a chemical reaction
physical change
a change that alter the form or appearance but does not make…
chemical change
a change in which one or more substances combine or break apa…
21 terms
Chemistry - Classification of Matter
Periodic Table
mass
matter
substance
A table that shows the elements, their atomic number, symbol,…
A measure of the amount of matter in an object
Anything that has mass and takes up space
A single kind of matter that is pure and has a specific set o…
Periodic Table
A table that shows the elements, their atomic number, symbol,…
mass
A measure of the amount of matter in an object
15 terms
Unit 4 Chemical Reactions
Balanced
Reactants
Products
Physical Change
An equation is said to be balanced if the number of atoms of…
The starting substances in a chemical reaction.
The substances produced by a chemical reaction.
A change involving no new substances.
Balanced
An equation is said to be balanced if the number of atoms of…
Reactants
The starting substances in a chemical reaction.
29 terms
2.1 - Understanding chemical substances
atom
catalyst
compound
chemical reaction
the smallest particle of an element that still characterizes…
a cause of change; a substance that increases the rate of a c…
a molecule that contains atoms of two or more elements
a process in which atoms of the same or different elements re…
atom
the smallest particle of an element that still characterizes…
catalyst
a cause of change; a substance that increases the rate of a c…
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