Study sets matching "term:chemical elements = small substances that make up structure"

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Study sets matching "term:chemical elements = small substances that make up structure"

11 terms
Elements Compounds and Chemical Changes
element
matter
atom
compound
building blocks of matter
anything that has mass and takes up space
the smallest particle of an element maintaining the chemical…
matter made of two or more different elements; the elements a…
element
building blocks of matter
matter
anything that has mass and takes up space
35 terms
Atomic Structure and Chemical Equations Review
matter
states of matter
atom
element
the material that all objects are made of.
the different forms that can make matter. solid, liquid, gas
the smallest particle into which an element can be divided an…
substances that are the building blocks of all matter. an ele…
matter
the material that all objects are made of.
states of matter
the different forms that can make matter. solid, liquid, gas
5 terms
EQ: What substances make up air?
mixture
compound
homogenous mixture
solvent
the product of the random distribution of one substance throu…
a substance formed from two or more elements chemically unite…
a mixture that has the same uniform appearance and compositio…
a substance that dissolves a solute (a chemically distinct li…
mixture
the product of the random distribution of one substance throu…
compound
a substance formed from two or more elements chemically unite…
Pure Substances: Elements and Compounds. Mixtures: Homogenous and Heterogenous.
Element
Compound
Molecule
Pure substance
A material made of only one type of atom. Found on the peri…
a material which is made of two or more different kind of ato…
Two or more atoms bonded together. Can be elements like O₂ or…
a material in which all of the particles are identical (the s…
Element
A material made of only one type of atom. Found on the peri…
Compound
a material which is made of two or more different kind of ato…
17 terms
Atomic Structure and Chemical Bonds Ch 16
atom
electron cloud
energy level
electron dot diagram
the smallest part of an element that keeps all the properties…
the area of space around the nucleus where the electrons travel
the different areas for an electron in an atom - closer to th…
symbol for the element surrounded by dots that represent the…
atom
the smallest part of an element that keeps all the properties…
electron cloud
the area of space around the nucleus where the electrons travel
18 terms
The atom and chemical substances
Dalton's atomic theory
Elements
Compounds
Chemical changes
Matter is formed by indivisible particles called atoms
Are made up by equal atoms
Are made up by different types of atoms
Involve re-ordering the atoms in a substance, creating new su…
Dalton's atomic theory
Matter is formed by indivisible particles called atoms
Elements
Are made up by equal atoms
Atomic Structure and Elements Compounds Mixtures
matter
element
atom
proton
any substance that has mass and takes up space
substances made of only one type of atom and cannot be broken…
the smallest unit of an element
positive particle in an atom, found in the nucleus
matter
any substance that has mass and takes up space
element
substances made of only one type of atom and cannot be broken…
SCIENCE 605: CHEMICAL STRUCTURE AND CHANGE
acid
atom
base
chemical
A substance that usually tastes sour or sharp. Acetic acid in…
The smallest particle of an element.
A substance that feels slick or soapy and usually has a bitte…
Any of the many substances that make up the matter of the uni…
acid
A substance that usually tastes sour or sharp. Acetic acid in…
atom
The smallest particle of an element.
Atomic Structure and elements
Proton
Neutron
Electron
Elements
Positively charged subatomic particle found in the nucleus of…
Neutrally charged subatomic particle found in the nucleus of…
Negatively charged subatomic particle which orbits the nucleu…
Substances made up of the same type of atom.
Proton
Positively charged subatomic particle found in the nucleus of…
Neutron
Neutrally charged subatomic particle found in the nucleus of…
Atomic Structure of Elements Key Words
atom
atomic number
element
matter
the smallest unit of an element that has the properties of th…
the number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
a pure substance that cannot be broken down into simpler subs…
material that has mass and takes up some amount of space
atom
the smallest unit of an element that has the properties of th…
atomic number
the number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
Structure of Matter
Matter
Elements
Compounds
Atom
anything that has mass and takes up space
fundamental substance of matter
chemical combinations of elements
smallest unit of an element
Matter
anything that has mass and takes up space
Elements
fundamental substance of matter
21 terms
pure substances and mixtures
Atom
Element
Compound
Mixture
the smallest unit of an element that maintains properties of…
a substance that can not be separated or broken down into sim…
a substance made up of atoms of 2 or more different elementsj…
a combination of 2 or more substances that are not chemically…
Atom
the smallest unit of an element that maintains properties of…
Element
a substance that can not be separated or broken down into sim…
17 terms
Structure of Matter
Matter
Mass
Atom
Element
anything that has volume (takes up space) and mass (weight)
similar to weight, but does not include gravity
the smallest unit (building block) of matter
substance made of one type of atoms (which all have the same…
Matter
anything that has volume (takes up space) and mass (weight)
Mass
similar to weight, but does not include gravity
21 terms
Chemical Interactions: Chapter 2 Chemical Reactions
matter
chemistry
physical property
chemical property
Anything that has mass and occupies space.
The study of the properties of matter and how matter changes.
A characteristic of a pure substance that can be observed wit…
A characteristic of a pure substance that describes its abili…
matter
Anything that has mass and occupies space.
chemistry
The study of the properties of matter and how matter changes.
10 terms
Chemical reactions
law of conservation of mass
balanced chemical reaction/equation
double replacement reaction
single replacement reaction
The law that states that mass cannot be created or destroyed…
chemical equation with the same number of atoms of each eleme…
Occurs when different atoms in two different compounds trade…
Occurs when one element replaces another one in a compound.... A…
law of conservation of mass
The law that states that mass cannot be created or destroyed…
balanced chemical reaction/equation
chemical equation with the same number of atoms of each eleme…
22 terms
GrayScience Chapter 10 Chemical Reactions
chemical reaction
reactant
product
chemical equation
process that produces chemical change, resulting in new subst…
substance that exists before a chemical reaction begins
a substance formed as a result of a chemical reaction
shorthand form for writing what reactants are used and what p…
chemical reaction
process that produces chemical change, resulting in new subst…
reactant
substance that exists before a chemical reaction begins
Chemical Compounds in Cells
Elements
Compounds
Organic Compounds
Inorganic Compounds
Any substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substan…
Two or more elements combine chemically to form this
Compounds in living things. Contains CARBON
Compounds in non-living thing. Does not contain carbon.
Elements
Any substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substan…
Compounds
Two or more elements combine chemically to form this
26 terms
Chemical formulas
chemical formula
compound
coefficient
subscript
A formula that gives the elements in a compound and the ratio…
A substance made up of atoms of two or more different element…
A number placed in front of a formula in an equation to indic…
A number in a chemical formula that tells the number of atoms…
chemical formula
A formula that gives the elements in a compound and the ratio…
compound
A substance made up of atoms of two or more different element…
Chemical Bonding: Ionic Bond
Element
Compound
Molecule
Chemical Formula
A substance that cannot be broken down into a simpler substan…
A substance made up of two or more different types of atoms b…
A group of atoms that are held together by covalent bonds so…
Uses chemical symbols to represent the atoms of the elements…
Element
A substance that cannot be broken down into a simpler substan…
Compound
A substance made up of two or more different types of atoms b…
Atoms make up everything
atom
element
compound
finite
-Smallest unit of matter ... - Smallest unit of an element
A substance that cannot be broken down into other substances…
A substance made up of atoms of two or more different element…
having limits; lasting for a limited time
atom
-Smallest unit of matter ... - Smallest unit of an element
element
A substance that cannot be broken down into other substances…
6 terms
Structure of Matter
compound
atom
element
molecule
A substance made up of atoms of two or more different elements
Smallest unit of an element
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
A combination of two or more atoms.
compound
A substance made up of atoms of two or more different elements
atom
Smallest unit of an element
Elements and Compounds
atom
compound
element
periodic table
the smallest unit of an element that maintains the properties…
a substance made of two or more different elements that have…
a pure substance made of only one kind of atom
a table that shows the elements arranged by their atomic numb…
atom
the smallest unit of an element that maintains the properties…
compound
a substance made of two or more different elements that have…
22 terms
Physical & chemical changes, Pure substances & mixtures
atoms
element
compound
mixture
1) the smallest unit of an element that maintains the propert…
made up of one or more of the same kind of atom chemically co…
made up of different kinds of atoms chemically combined.... Comp…
contains a variety of elements & compounds that are not chemi…
atoms
1) the smallest unit of an element that maintains the propert…
element
made up of one or more of the same kind of atom chemically co…
18 terms
6.5ABC Elements & Compounds
element
compound
pure substance
atomic symbol
A pure substance that cannot be separated into simpler substa…
Matter that is composed of two or more elements... that are chem…
Matter that is made up of the same particles... throughout.
The symbol that represents each element on the... periodic table.
element
A pure substance that cannot be separated into simpler substa…
compound
Matter that is composed of two or more elements... that are chem…
13 terms
What Makes Up Matter
atom
atomic theory
molecule
element
the smallest part of an element that still has the properties…
the idea that everything is made of small particles
the smallest particle of a compound that still has the proper…
a pure substance that is made from a single type of atom
atom
the smallest part of an element that still has the properties…
atomic theory
the idea that everything is made of small particles
atomic structure
matter
element
periodic table of elements
atomic number
Anything that has mass and takes up space
A substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substances
A table that classifies elements by their physical and chemic…
The number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
element
A substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substances
17 terms
Chemical Bonding: Covalent Bond
Element
Compound
Molecule
Chemical Formula
A substance that cannot be broken down into a simpler substan…
A substance made up of two or more different types of atoms b…
A group of atoms that are held together by covalent bonds. El…
Uses chemical symbols to represent the atoms of the elements…
Element
A substance that cannot be broken down into a simpler substan…
Compound
A substance made up of two or more different types of atoms b…
Atoms and Elements
The smallest particle of an element th…
An abbreviation of an element's name.
The structure in the center of an atom…
An atomic particle that lacks charge.
Atom
Chemical Symbol
Nucleus
Neutron
The smallest particle of an element th…
Atom
An abbreviation of an element's name.
Chemical Symbol
Chemical Bonds
Element
Compound
Molecule
Chemical Formula
A substance that cannot be broken down into a simpler substan…
A substance made up of two or more different types of atoms b…
A group of atoms that are held together by covalent bonds. El…
Uses chemical symbols to represent the atoms of the elements…
Element
A substance that cannot be broken down into a simpler substan…
Compound
A substance made up of two or more different types of atoms b…
Atomic structure and elements
Carbon
Atom
Atomic mass
Atomic number
an element that is found in almost all compounds that make up…
the smallest unit of an element that has the properties of th…
The combined mass of all of the protons and neutrons of an at…
the number of protons in the nucleus of an atom; atomic numbe…
Carbon
an element that is found in almost all compounds that make up…
Atom
the smallest unit of an element that has the properties of th…
11 terms
Substances and Mixtures
atom
chemical change
composition
compound
small particle that is the building block of matter
a change in matter in which the substances that make... up the m…
what something is made up of
substance made of two or more elements that are... chemically jo…
atom
small particle that is the building block of matter
chemical change
a change in matter in which the substances that make... up the m…
30 terms
Chemical formulas
chemical formula
compound
coefficient
subscript
A formula that gives the elements in a compound and the ratio…
A substance made up of atoms of two or more different element…
A number placed in front of a formula in an equation to indic…
A number in a chemical formula that tells the number of atoms…
chemical formula
A formula that gives the elements in a compound and the ratio…
compound
A substance made up of atoms of two or more different element…
53 terms
Biochemistry: Chemical Reactions
anabolism
catabolism
endergonic
exergonic
metabolic chemical reactions that build up larger molecules f…
metabolic chemical reactions that break down complex organic…
Are anabolic reactions endergonic or exergonic?
Are catabolic reactions endergonic or exergonic?
anabolism
metabolic chemical reactions that build up larger molecules f…
catabolism
metabolic chemical reactions that break down complex organic…
5 terms
Atomic Structure
element
atom
proton
neutron
A pure substance that cannot be broken down into other substa…
Basic particle from which all elements are made
Positively charged particle in the nucleus of an atom
A small particle in the nucleus of the atom, with no electric…
element
A pure substance that cannot be broken down into other substa…
atom
Basic particle from which all elements are made
30 terms
Chemical formulas
chemical formula
compound
coefficient
subscript
A formula that gives the elements in a compound and the ratio…
A substance made up of atoms of two or more different element…
A number placed in front of a formula in an equation to indic…
A number in a chemical formula that tells the number of atoms…
chemical formula
A formula that gives the elements in a compound and the ratio…
compound
A substance made up of atoms of two or more different element…
Elements, Molecules, Compounds, Mixtures
element
molecule
compound
mixture
a pure substance made up of only one kind of atom
a substance made up of two or more of the same atoms
a substance that contains two or more different elements and…
a combination of different substances that are not chemically…
element
a pure substance made up of only one kind of atom
molecule
a substance made up of two or more of the same atoms
17 terms
Science 8 Matter 4 - Elements, Compounds, Mixtures
Molecule
Element
Compound
Mixture
The simplest structural unit of an element or compound.
Matter made up of only one kind of atom, a pure substance.
A substance whose smallest part is made up of atoms of 2 or m…
When 2 or more substances (elements or compounds) come togeth…
Molecule
The simplest structural unit of an element or compound.
Element
Matter made up of only one kind of atom, a pure substance.
Mechanical and Chemical Changes in Digestion
Mechanical digestion
Chemical digestion
Chewing
Digestion
Change size and shape of matter, ex. chewing food
Changing matter chemically into a new substance, ex. enzymes…
Physical or mechanical digestion
Process of breaking down food into easily absorbed substances
Mechanical digestion
Change size and shape of matter, ex. chewing food
Chemical digestion
Changing matter chemically into a new substance, ex. enzymes…
Pure Substances and Mixtures
Atom
Element
Compound
Mixture
the smallest component of an element having the chemical prop…
a substance that cannot be separated or... broken down into a si…
a substance made up of atoms of two or more... different element…
a combination of two or more substances that... are not chemical…
Atom
the smallest component of an element having the chemical prop…
Element
a substance that cannot be separated or... broken down into a si…
31 terms
chemistry - basics / atomic structure
Element
Compound
Mixture
Name the diatomic 7
cannot be decomposed into simpler substances by chemical chan…
can be decomposed into simpler substances by chemical changes…
the physical combination of two or more substances in which t…
H2, N2, O2, F2, Cl2, Br2, I2
Element
cannot be decomposed into simpler substances by chemical chan…
Compound
can be decomposed into simpler substances by chemical changes…
Chemical Interactions
Matter
Chemistry
Physical Property
Chemical Property
Anything that has mass and takes up space.
The study of matter and how matter changes.
A characteristic of a substance that can be observed without…
A characteristic of a substance that describes its ability to…
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space.
Chemistry
The study of matter and how matter changes.
STM--Chemical Energy Vocab.
chemical reaction
chemical equation
chemical symbol
decomposition reaction
a process in which some substances turn into new substances
an equation with reactants and products connected by an arrow…
letter that represents an element
AB yields A+B; original substance breaks down or decomposes i…
chemical reaction
a process in which some substances turn into new substances
chemical equation
an equation with reactants and products connected by an arrow…
Pure Substances and Mixtures
atom
element
compound
mixture
The smallest unit of an element that maintains the properties…
A substance that cannot be separated or broken down into simp…
A substance made up of atoms or ions of two or more different…
A combination of two or more substances that are not chemical…
atom
The smallest unit of an element that maintains the properties…
element
A substance that cannot be separated or broken down into simp…
21 terms
Chemical Bonding: Ionic Bond
Element
Compound
Molecule
Chemical Formula
A substance that cannot be broken down into a simpler substan…
A substance made up of two or more different types of atoms b…
A group of atoms that are held together by covalent bonds so…
Uses chemical symbols to represent the atoms of the elements…
Element
A substance that cannot be broken down into a simpler substan…
Compound
A substance made up of two or more different types of atoms b…
30 terms
Chemical formulas
chemical formula
compound
coefficient
subscript
A formula that gives the elements in a compound and the ratio…
A substance made up of atoms of two or more different element…
A number placed in front of a formula in an equation to indic…
A number in a chemical formula that tells the number of atoms…
chemical formula
A formula that gives the elements in a compound and the ratio…
compound
A substance made up of atoms of two or more different element…
13 terms
Matter 1.4 Elements, Compounds, Pure Substances
element
Compound (1)
molecule
Pure Substance (1)
A pure substance made of only ONE kind of atom chemically com…
A substance made up of atoms of two or more different element…
combination of 2 or more atoms that are joined together CHEMI…
a substance that has definite physical and chemical propertie…
element
A pure substance made of only ONE kind of atom chemically com…
Compound (1)
A substance made up of atoms of two or more different element…
29 terms
Chemical Interactions
Matter
Chemistry
Physical Property
Chemical Property
Anything that has mass and takes up space.
The study of matter and how matter changes.
A characteristic of a substance that can be observed without…
A characteristic of a substance that describes its ability to…
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space.
Chemistry
The study of matter and how matter changes.
PS Week 6 Vocabulary - Introduction to Chemistry
Molecule
Atom
pH
Elements
neutral particle, basic unit of a covalent compound; ex-water
small particle that makes up most types of matter
A measure of the acidity or alkalinity(base) of a solution, s…
matter that is made up of only one type of atom
Molecule
neutral particle, basic unit of a covalent compound; ex-water
Atom
small particle that makes up most types of matter
25 terms
Chemical, Physical Changes and Structures of Matter
Matter
Solvents
Chemical
Homogenous
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Part of a solution that is always the greater amount and the…
A change in matter that produces one or more new substances... A…
of uniform structure or composition throughout... all of the sa…
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Solvents
Part of a solution that is always the greater amount and the…
23 terms
Atoms and Elements
The smallest particle of an element th…
An abbreviation of an element's name.
The structure in the center of an atom…
An atomic particle that lacks charge.
Atom
Chemical Symbol
Nucleus
Neutron
The smallest particle of an element th…
Atom
An abbreviation of an element's name.
Chemical Symbol
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