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Study sets matching "term:civil liberties = the personal guarantees and freedoms that the federal government cannot abridge by law, constitution, or judicial interpretation"

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Study sets matching "term:civil liberties = the personal guarantees and freedoms that the federal government cannot abridge by law, constitution, or judicial interpretation"

40 terms
(14) Civil Liberties - 1st Amendment Freedoms
unalienable rights
"...endowed by their Creator..."
freedom of assembly
right to petition
Basic rights that cannot be taken away (surrendered) from the…
means those rights are absolute
What is the 1st Amendment freedom that protects people's righ…
The legal claim that allows citizens to urge their government…
unalienable rights
Basic rights that cannot be taken away (surrendered) from the…
"...endowed by their Creator..."
means those rights are absolute
8 terms
05 The Bill of Rights and Civil Liberties
civil liberties
civil rights
incorporation
libel
basic freedoms guaranteed under the U.S. Constitution, such a…
guarantees of equal rights and equal treatment under the law,…
the process by which the Supreme Court applies the Bill of Ri…
publishing false information about someone with intent to cau…
civil liberties
basic freedoms guaranteed under the U.S. Constitution, such a…
civil rights
guarantees of equal rights and equal treatment under the law,…
40 terms
Civil Liberties
habeas corpus
establishment clause
free exercise clause
Clear and present danger test
An order to produce an arrested person before a judge.
Part of the 1st amendment that says the government may not es…
Part of the 1st amendment that prohibits government from inte…
A test that can allow the government to interfere with speech…
habeas corpus
An order to produce an arrested person before a judge.
establishment clause
Part of the 1st amendment that says the government may not es…
41 terms
Ch 19 Civil Liberties: 1st Amendment Freedoms & Crash Course #23-26 (Magruder's American Government)
Bill of Rights
Civil liberties
Civil rights
Alien
The first ten amendments to the constitution
PROTECTIONS FROM GOVERNMENT INFRINGEMENT ON RIGHTS; the guara…
PROTECTIONS OF YOUR RIGHTS BY GOVERNMENT AGAINST DENIAL BY OT…
Foreign-born resident or noncitizen
Bill of Rights
The first ten amendments to the constitution
Civil liberties
PROTECTIONS FROM GOVERNMENT INFRINGEMENT ON RIGHTS; the guara…
22 terms
Civil Liberties: First Amendment Freedoms
Civil Liberties
Civil Rights
How far or to what extent may a person…
Due Process Clause
Protections against government. Guarantees of the safety of p…
Positive Acts of Government that seek to make constitutional…
Rights are relative, they can be exercised only as far as the…
No State can deny to any person any right that is basic or es…
Civil Liberties
Protections against government. Guarantees of the safety of p…
Civil Rights
Positive Acts of Government that seek to make constitutional…
8 terms
Civil Liberties: First Amendment Freedoms
Bill of Rights
civil liberties
civil rights
due process clause
First 10 amendments in the Constitution
Guarantees of personal freedoms against possible threats from…
A law that banned discrimination on the basis of race, sex, n…
Part of the 14th amendment which guarantees that no state den…
Bill of Rights
First 10 amendments in the Constitution
civil liberties
Guarantees of personal freedoms against possible threats from…
30 terms
AP Gov Ch 14 Civil Liberties
Barron v. Baltimore (1833)
Bethel Schools v. Fraser (1986)
clear and present danger test
due procss
Bill of Rights was NOT applicable to the states
Schools can limit lewd/offensive speech.
Interpretation of the First Amendment that holds that the gov…
A fundamental, constitutional guarantee that all legal procee…
Barron v. Baltimore (1833)
Bill of Rights was NOT applicable to the states
Bethel Schools v. Fraser (1986)
Schools can limit lewd/offensive speech.
27 terms
Ch 19- Civil Liberties: First Amendment Freedoms
Bill of Rights
civil liberties
civil rights
Due Process Clause
Ten amendments; ratified by the States and became a part of t…
protections against the government; guarantees of the safety…
positive acts of the government; seek to make constitutional…
stated in 14th Amendment; "No State shall... deprive any pers…
Bill of Rights
Ten amendments; ratified by the States and became a part of t…
civil liberties
protections against the government; guarantees of the safety…
45 terms
AP Gov: Chapter 4 - Civil Liberties
civil liberties
Bill of Rights
First Amendment
Incorporation Doctrine
laws that protect people from the government; including freed…
the first ten amendments in the constitution
Freedom of the press, speech, religion, and of assembly.
The Bill of Rights is nationalized - provisions apply to the…
civil liberties
laws that protect people from the government; including freed…
Bill of Rights
the first ten amendments in the constitution
25 terms
Civil Liberties and Civil Rights
Civil Liberties
Civil Rights
writ of habeas corpus
bills of attainder
Rights that belong to everyone; protections against government;
Positive acts of government designed to prevent discriminatio…
You must be brought before the court and informed of charges…
You cannot be punished without a trial.
Civil Liberties
Rights that belong to everyone; protections against government;
Civil Rights
Positive acts of government designed to prevent discriminatio…
42 terms
4. Civil Liberties & Civil Rights
substantive rights
bad tendency rule
balancing doctrine
bill of attainder
constitutional guarantees essential for personal liberty. fre…
a test used by the supreme court to determine the permissible…
a concept used by judges to weigh the competing interests or…
a legislative act that declares the guilt of an individual an…
substantive rights
constitutional guarantees essential for personal liberty. fre…
bad tendency rule
a test used by the supreme court to determine the permissible…
27 terms
Civil Liberties and Civil Rights
Civil Liberties
Civil Rights
writ of habeas corpus
ex post facto laws
Rights that belong to everyone; protections against government;
Positive acts of government designed to prevent discriminatio…
You must be brought before the court and informed of charges…
Laws applied to acts committed before the laws' passage are u…
Civil Liberties
Rights that belong to everyone; protections against government;
Civil Rights
Positive acts of government designed to prevent discriminatio…
10 terms
Civil Liberties
civil liberties
civil rights
Bill of Rights
Ninth Amendment
the personal guarantees and freedoms that the federal governm…
the government protected rights of individuals against arbitr…
first ten amendments to the US Constitution which largely gua…
"enumeration in the constitution of certain rights shall not…
civil liberties
the personal guarantees and freedoms that the federal governm…
civil rights
the government protected rights of individuals against arbitr…
25 terms
Government Civil Rights and Liberties
Civil Rights
Civil Liberties
Bill of Rights
1st Amendment
Guarantees of equal rights and equal treatment under the law,…
Basic freedoms guaranteed under the U.S. Constitution, such a…
Fist 10 Amendments; Limits the power and protects citizens of…
Freedom of,... Speech, Press, Assembly, Petition, and Religion.
Civil Rights
Guarantees of equal rights and equal treatment under the law,…
Civil Liberties
Basic freedoms guaranteed under the U.S. Constitution, such a…
AP Gov Civil Rights & Liberties
bill of attainder
bill of rights
civil liberties
clear and present danger test
...
the first ten amendments which largely guarantee specific rig…
the personal guarantees and freedoms that the federal governm…
...
bill of attainder
...
bill of rights
the first ten amendments which largely guarantee specific rig…
42 terms
Civil Liberties and Civil Rights for American Gov't
Civil Liberties
Civil Rights
1st Amendment
14th Amendment
Constitutional freedoms guaranteed to all citizens
Protection the government guarantees against discrimination
Freedom of Religion, Speech, Press, Assembly, and Petition
(1) All persons born in the U.S. are citizens; (2) no person…
Civil Liberties
Constitutional freedoms guaranteed to all citizens
Civil Rights
Protection the government guarantees against discrimination
7 terms
Seven Principles of Government
Popular Sovereignty
REPublicanism
Federalism
Separation of Powers
A government in which the people rule, the authority of gover…
This idea calls for the people to exercise or delegate their…
This is a constitutional system that shares power between the…
This idea divided the government into branches (judicial, leg…
Popular Sovereignty
A government in which the people rule, the authority of gover…
REPublicanism
This idea calls for the people to exercise or delegate their…
24 terms
"The Bill of Rights and Civil Liberties"
Bill of Rights
Civil liberties
Clear and present danger doctrine
Cruel and unusual punishment
A formal statement of the fundamental rights of the people of…
Constitutional freedoms guaranteed to all citizens
Government can interfere with speech if it will lead to evil…
Amendment 8
Bill of Rights
A formal statement of the fundamental rights of the people of…
Civil liberties
Constitutional freedoms guaranteed to all citizens
35 terms
The Federal Court System & Civil Liberties
Civil Rights
Civil Liberties
What courts hold the power of judicial…
Preventative Detention
Actions taken by the government to create an equal playing fi…
Protections against the government
state and federal
When someone is held without bail as an option
Civil Rights
Actions taken by the government to create an equal playing fi…
Civil Liberties
Protections against the government
Ch. 4 - Civil Liberties
civil liberties
Bill of Rights
first amendment
fourteenth amendment
constitutional and other legal protections against government…
the first 10 amendments to the Constitution; define basic lib…
establishes 5 great liberties - freedom of speech, press, rel…
became the basis for the incorporation doctrine applying the…
civil liberties
constitutional and other legal protections against government…
Bill of Rights
the first 10 amendments to the Constitution; define basic lib…
56 terms
AP GOV Civil rights and Civil Liberties
Civil liberties
civil rights
Bill of Rights
9th Amendment
the personal guarantees and freedoms that the federal governm…
the government protected rights of individuals against arbitr…
the first ten amendments which largely guarantee specific rig…
part of bill of rights that reads, "the enumeration in the Co…
Civil liberties
the personal guarantees and freedoms that the federal governm…
civil rights
the government protected rights of individuals against arbitr…
56 terms
AP GOV Civil rights and Civil Liberties
Civil liberties
civil rights
Bill of Rights
9th Amendment
the personal guarantees and freedoms that the federal governm…
the government protected rights of individuals against arbitr…
the first ten amendments which largely guarantee specific rig…
part of bill of rights that reads, "the enumeration in the Co…
Civil liberties
the personal guarantees and freedoms that the federal governm…
civil rights
the government protected rights of individuals against arbitr…
24 terms
Chapter 19 Civil Liberties: First Amendment Freedoms
prior restraint
injunction
shield law
libel
curbing ideas before they are expressed
a court order to force or limit some act
gives reporters some protections against having to disclose t…
false and malicious use of printed words
prior restraint
curbing ideas before they are expressed
injunction
a court order to force or limit some act
21 terms
Unit 5: The Bill of Rights and Civil Liberties
Bill of Rights
Civil Liberties
Clear and present danger doctrine
Double Jeopardy
Although the Anti-Federalists failed to block the ratificatio…
The legal constitutional protections against government. Alth…
Judicial interpretation of the First Amendment that governmen…
Trial or punishment for the same crime by the same government…
Bill of Rights
Although the Anti-Federalists failed to block the ratificatio…
Civil Liberties
The legal constitutional protections against government. Alth…
19 terms
Civil Rights/Liberties Part 1
civil liberties
civil rights
Due Process Clause
freedom of speech
protections against government
positive acts of gov't. that seek to make constitutional guar…
part of the Constitution that ensures that the States cannot…
Which is an example of a civil liberty?... a) Civil Rights Act o…
civil liberties
protections against government
civil rights
positive acts of gov't. that seek to make constitutional guar…
10 terms
Civil liberties vocab
Free exercise clause
Establishment clause
Incorporation doctrine
Fourteenth Amendment
protects citizens' rights to practice their religion as they…
the clause in the First Amendment of the US Constitution that…
a constitutional doctrine through which selected provisions o…
addresses citizenship rights and equal protection of the laws…
Free exercise clause
protects citizens' rights to practice their religion as they…
Establishment clause
the clause in the First Amendment of the US Constitution that…
22 terms
Civil Rights and Liberties
civil rights
civil liberties
habeas corpus
ex post facto
the right to be free from discrimination. actions by the gove…
basic rights and freedoms guaranteed through the Constitution…
A court order requiring explanation to a judge why a prisoner…
can't punish an individual for action that was legal when he/…
civil rights
the right to be free from discrimination. actions by the gove…
civil liberties
basic rights and freedoms guaranteed through the Constitution…
26 terms
AP Government Civil Liberties and Rights
clear and present danger test
due process of law
equal protection of the law
establishment clause
Interpretation of the First Amendment that holds that the gov…
Constitutional requirement for fundamental fairness in our le…
idea that all citizens should be treated equally under the la…
Clause in the First Amendment that says the government may no…
clear and present danger test
Interpretation of the First Amendment that holds that the gov…
due process of law
Constitutional requirement for fundamental fairness in our le…
36 terms
Chapter 4: Civil Liberties
Civil Liberties
Civil Rights
Bill of Rights
Ninth Amendment
The personal guarantees and freedoms that the government cann…
The government-protected rights of individuals against arbitr…
The first ten amendments to the US Constitution, which largel…
Part of the Bill of Rights that makes it clear that enumerati…
Civil Liberties
The personal guarantees and freedoms that the government cann…
Civil Rights
The government-protected rights of individuals against arbitr…
34 terms
AP Government Chapter 5: Civil Liberties
civil liberties
civil rights
Bill of Rights
Ninth Amendment
the personal guarantees and freedoms that the federal governm…
the government-protected rights of individuals against arbitr…
the first ten amendments to the US Constitution, which largel…
part of the Bill of Right that reads "The enumeration in the…
civil liberties
the personal guarantees and freedoms that the federal governm…
civil rights
the government-protected rights of individuals against arbitr…
20 terms
Civil Liberties (Chapter 4)
Civil Liberties
First Ten Amendments
14th amendment
Establishment Clause
personal freedoms protected for all individuals
Bill of Rights
incorporated the protections of the bill of rights to the STA…
Prevents the government from creating a national religion
Civil Liberties
personal freedoms protected for all individuals
First Ten Amendments
Bill of Rights
51 terms
Chapter 4: Civil Liberties (AP Gov)
Civil Liberties
Bill of Rights
Barron v. Baltimore
Fourteenth Amendment
individual legal and constitutional protections against the g…
restricts the powers of the central government, gives America…
(1833), ruled that the Bill of Rights restrained only the nat…
an amendment to the Constitution of the United States adopted…
Civil Liberties
individual legal and constitutional protections against the g…
Bill of Rights
restricts the powers of the central government, gives America…
54 terms
Federal System and Civil Liberties
Tenth Amendment
Reserved powers
Concurrent Powers
Bill of Attainder
Powers reserved for the states
Powers not enumerated or implied that are given to states
Powers both states and gv't have
Writ punishing someone without a trial
Tenth Amendment
Powers reserved for the states
Reserved powers
Powers not enumerated or implied that are given to states
61 terms
Civil Rights/Liberties
1st Amendment
2nd Amendment
3rd Amendment
4th Amendment
Congress cannot make a law that establishes a religion, stops…
A well regulated militia, being necessary to the security of…
Prohibits soldiers from temporarily residing in private homes…
Protects people from being searched or having their things ta…
1st Amendment
Congress cannot make a law that establishes a religion, stops…
2nd Amendment
A well regulated militia, being necessary to the security of…
22 terms
Chapter 5 (The Bill of Rights and Civil Liberties) Key Terms - Barrons
Bill of Rights
Civil Liberties
Clear and Present Danger Doctrine
Cruel and Unusual Punishment
Adopted in 1791 by the states two years after the ratificatio…
Those rights of the people that are protected by the constitu…
Established in Schenck v United States (1919), it gives the g…
Doctrine found in the Eighth Amendment to the Constitution th…
Bill of Rights
Adopted in 1791 by the states two years after the ratificatio…
Civil Liberties
Those rights of the people that are protected by the constitu…
24 terms
Civil Liberties - Chapter 4: We The People 10ED
habeas corpus
bill of attainder
ex post facto laws
bill of rights
a court order demanding that an individual in custody be brou…
a law that declares a person guilty of a crime without a trial
laws that declare an action to be illegal after it has been c…
The first 10 amendments to us U.S. Constitution, ratified in…
habeas corpus
a court order demanding that an individual in custody be brou…
bill of attainder
a law that declares a person guilty of a crime without a trial
50 terms
AP GOVERNMENT Ch 4/Civil Liberties
Assemble
Bill of Rights
Civil Liberties
Civil Rights
To gather with one another in order to express views on publi…
The first ten amendments to the Constitution
The guarantees of the safety of persons, opinions, and proper…
A term used for those positive acts of government that seek t…
Assemble
To gather with one another in order to express views on publi…
Bill of Rights
The first ten amendments to the Constitution
12 terms
Civil Liberties
civil liberties
civil rights
bill of rights
9th Amendment
the personal guarantees and freedoms that the federal governm…
the government-protected rights of individuals against arbitr…
the first 10 amendments to the U.S. Constitution, which large…
part of the bill of rights that reads "the enumeration in the…
civil liberties
the personal guarantees and freedoms that the federal governm…
civil rights
the government-protected rights of individuals against arbitr…
Unit 6B: Civil Liberties
civil liberties
due process clause
substantive due process
selective incorporation
the personal guarantees and freedoms that the government cann…
clause contained in the Fifth (federal) and Fourteenth Amendm…
judicial interpretation of the Fifth and Fourteenth Amendment…
a judicial doctrine whereby most, but not all, protections fo…
civil liberties
the personal guarantees and freedoms that the government cann…
due process clause
clause contained in the Fifth (federal) and Fourteenth Amendm…
13 terms
Civil Rights and Civil Liberties Study Guide
Affirmative Action
Civil Liberties
Civil Rights
Due Process Clause
an action or policy favoring those who tend to suffer from di…
personal guarantees and freedoms that the government cannot a…
the rights of citizens to political and social freedom and eq…
Part of Fourteenth Amendment. The clause acts as a safeguard…
Affirmative Action
an action or policy favoring those who tend to suffer from di…
Civil Liberties
personal guarantees and freedoms that the government cannot a…
8 terms
Ch. 5 The Bill of Rights and Civil Liberties
Civil Liberties
Civil Rights
Incorporation
Libel
Basic freedoms guaranteed under the constitution (freedom of…
Equal rights and equal treatment under the law. Not protectio…
Process which the supreme court applies the bill of rights to…
Publishing false info abt someone w/ intent to cause harm.
Civil Liberties
Basic freedoms guaranteed under the constitution (freedom of…
Civil Rights
Equal rights and equal treatment under the law. Not protectio…
68 terms
AP GOV Civil Rights & Civil Liberties
Civil liberties
civil rights
Bill of Rights
9th Amendment
the personal guarantees and freedoms that the federal governm…
the government protected rights of individuals against arbitr…
the first ten amendments which largely guarantee specific rig…
amendment in bill of rights that reads, "the enumeration in t…
Civil liberties
the personal guarantees and freedoms that the federal governm…
civil rights
the government protected rights of individuals against arbitr…
19 terms
Civil Rights & Civil Liberties Vocabulary
civil liberties
civil rights
Due Process Clause
freedom of speech
protections against government
positive acts of gov't. that seek to make constitutional guar…
part of the Constitution that ensures that the States cannot…
Which is an example of a civil liberty?... a) Civil Rights Act o…
civil liberties
protections against government
civil rights
positive acts of gov't. that seek to make constitutional guar…
30 terms
Unit 4: Federal Courts, Civil Liberties, Civil Rights
Defendant
Plaintiff
Writ of Habeas Corpus
Ex Post Facto Law
an individual or group being sued or charged with a crime
A person or party filing a lawsuit
A court order requiring explanation to a judge why a prisoner…
A law which punishes people for a crime that was not a crime…
Defendant
an individual or group being sued or charged with a crime
Plaintiff
A person or party filing a lawsuit
26 terms
Chapter 5 Rights/Liberties and Bill of Rights
1st Amendment
2nd Amendment
3rd Amendment
4th Amendment
Protect Freedom of Religion, Speech, Petition, Press, and Ass…
You have the right to own guns
The government cannot force people to keep troops in their pr…
Protection against Unreasonable Search and Seizure
1st Amendment
Protect Freedom of Religion, Speech, Petition, Press, and Ass…
2nd Amendment
You have the right to own guns
10 terms
US GOV
Suffrage
Subpoena
Seperate but equal
Dual citizenship
The right to vote in political elections
a writ ordering a person to attend a court.
a legal doctrine in United States constitutional law that jus…
a person's citizenship status, in which a person is concurren…
Suffrage
The right to vote in political elections
Subpoena
a writ ordering a person to attend a court.
Civil Rights/Liberties
civil liberties
civil rights
bill of rights
substantive due process
freedoms that protect the individual FROM the government---fu…
protections granted by the government----acts of the governme…
1st 10 amendments to the Constitution
the law itself must be fair
civil liberties
freedoms that protect the individual FROM the government---fu…
civil rights
protections granted by the government----acts of the governme…
12 terms
Civil Liberties
civil liberties
civil rights
selective incorporation
fundamental freedoms
personal guarantees and freedoms that the federal government…
the government protected rights of individuals against arbitr…
a judicial doctrine whereby most but not all of the protectio…
the rights defined by the court to be essential to order, lib…
civil liberties
personal guarantees and freedoms that the federal government…
civil rights
the government protected rights of individuals against arbitr…
32 terms
Civil Liberties and Civil Rights - Ch 4
Bill of Rights
civil liberties
civil rights
right of habeas corpus
the first 10 amendments to the Constitution, ratified in 1791…
areas of personal freedom with which governments are constrai…
obligation imposed on government to take positive action to p…
a court order demanding that an individual in custody be brou…
Bill of Rights
the first 10 amendments to the Constitution, ratified in 1791…
civil liberties
areas of personal freedom with which governments are constrai…
103 terms
The Judicial Branch, Civil Liberties & Civil Rights
What are civil liberties?
Bill of Rights
Barron v. Baltimore (1833)
Gitlow v. New York (1925)
Individual freedoms guaranteed in the Bill of Rights. They ar…
Protected freedom at a national level, but these freedoms wer…
The Supreme Court ruled that states could not be forced to up…
The Supreme Court reversed its earlier decision in Barron v.…
What are civil liberties?
Individual freedoms guaranteed in the Bill of Rights. They ar…
Bill of Rights
Protected freedom at a national level, but these freedoms wer…
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