Study sets matching "term:civil liberties = the personal guarantees and freedoms that the federal government cannot abridge by law, constitution, or judicial interpretation"

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Study sets matching "term:civil liberties = the personal guarantees and freedoms that the federal government cannot abridge by law, constitution, or judicial interpretation"

40 terms
(14) Civil Liberties - 1st Amendment Freedoms
unalienable rights
"...endowed by their Creator..."
freedom of assembly
right to petition
Basic rights that cannot be taken away (surrendered) from the…
means those rights are absolute
What is the 1st Amendment freedom that protects people's righ…
The legal claim that allows citizens to urge their government…
unalienable rights
Basic rights that cannot be taken away (surrendered) from the…
"...endowed by their Creator..."
means those rights are absolute
8 terms
05 The Bill of Rights and Civil Liberties
civil liberties
civil rights
incorporation
libel
basic freedoms guaranteed under the U.S. Constitution, such a…
guarantees of equal rights and equal treatment under the law,…
the process by which the Supreme Court applies the Bill of Ri…
publishing false information about someone with intent to cau…
civil liberties
basic freedoms guaranteed under the U.S. Constitution, such a…
civil rights
guarantees of equal rights and equal treatment under the law,…
41 terms
Ch 19 Civil Liberties: 1st Amendment Freedoms & Crash Course #23-26 (Magruder's American Government)
Bill of Rights
Civil liberties
Civil rights
Alien
The first ten amendments to the constitution
PROTECTIONS FROM GOVERNMENT INFRINGEMENT ON RIGHTS; the guara…
PROTECTIONS OF YOUR RIGHTS BY GOVERNMENT AGAINST DENIAL BY OT…
Foreign-born resident or noncitizen
Bill of Rights
The first ten amendments to the constitution
Civil liberties
PROTECTIONS FROM GOVERNMENT INFRINGEMENT ON RIGHTS; the guara…
22 terms
Civil Liberties: First Amendment Freedoms
Civil Liberties
Civil Rights
How far or to what extent may a person…
Due Process Clause
Protections against government. Guarantees of the safety of p…
Positive Acts of Government that seek to make constitutional…
Rights are relative, they can be exercised only as far as the…
No State can deny to any person any right that is basic or es…
Civil Liberties
Protections against government. Guarantees of the safety of p…
Civil Rights
Positive Acts of Government that seek to make constitutional…
8 terms
Civil Liberties: First Amendment Freedoms
Bill of Rights
civil liberties
civil rights
due process clause
First 10 amendments in the Constitution
Guarantees of personal freedoms against possible threats from…
A law that banned discrimination on the basis of race, sex, n…
Part of the 14th amendment which guarantees that no state den…
Bill of Rights
First 10 amendments in the Constitution
civil liberties
Guarantees of personal freedoms against possible threats from…
40 terms
Civil Liberties
habeas corpus
establishment clause
free exercise clause
Clear and present danger test
An order to produce an arrested person before a judge.
Part of the 1st amendment that says the government may not es…
Part of the 1st amendment that prohibits government from inte…
A test that can allow the government to interfere with speech…
habeas corpus
An order to produce an arrested person before a judge.
establishment clause
Part of the 1st amendment that says the government may not es…
35 terms
The Federal Court System & Civil Liberties
Civil Rights
Civil Liberties
What courts hold the power of judicial…
Preventative Detention
Actions taken by the government to create an equal playing fi…
Protections against the government
state and federal
When someone is held without bail as an option
Civil Rights
Actions taken by the government to create an equal playing fi…
Civil Liberties
Protections against the government
30 terms
AP Gov Ch 14 Civil Liberties
Barron v. Baltimore (1833)
Bethel Schools v. Fraser (1986)
clear and present danger test
due procss
Bill of Rights was NOT applicable to the states
Schools can limit lewd/offensive speech.
Interpretation of the First Amendment that holds that the gov…
A fundamental, constitutional guarantee that all legal procee…
Barron v. Baltimore (1833)
Bill of Rights was NOT applicable to the states
Bethel Schools v. Fraser (1986)
Schools can limit lewd/offensive speech.
45 terms
AP Gov: Chapter 4 - Civil Liberties
civil liberties
Bill of Rights
First Amendment
Incorporation Doctrine
laws that protect people from the government; including freed…
the first ten amendments in the constitution
Freedom of the press, speech, religion, and of assembly.
The Bill of Rights is nationalized - provisions apply to the…
civil liberties
laws that protect people from the government; including freed…
Bill of Rights
the first ten amendments in the constitution
27 terms
Ch 19- Civil Liberties: First Amendment Freedoms
Bill of Rights
civil liberties
civil rights
Due Process Clause
Ten amendments; ratified by the States and became a part of t…
protections against the government; guarantees of the safety…
positive acts of the government; seek to make constitutional…
stated in 14th Amendment; "No State shall... deprive any pers…
Bill of Rights
Ten amendments; ratified by the States and became a part of t…
civil liberties
protections against the government; guarantees of the safety…
22 terms
Civil Rights and Liberties
civil rights
civil liberties
habeas corpus
ex post facto
the right to be free from discrimination. actions by the gove…
basic freedoms guaranteed through the Constitution as protect…
A court order requiring explanation to a judge why a prisoner…
punishing an individual for action that was legal when he/she…
civil rights
the right to be free from discrimination. actions by the gove…
civil liberties
basic freedoms guaranteed through the Constitution as protect…
Civil Liberties
Due Process Clause
Selective Incorporation
Bill of Rights
Civil Liberties
Clause in the 14th Amendment that says no state can take away…
The manner in which the Supreme Court has interpreted the gua…
The first ten amendments added to the Constitution, ratified…
Freedoms protected against any unjust actions taken by the go…
Due Process Clause
Clause in the 14th Amendment that says no state can take away…
Selective Incorporation
The manner in which the Supreme Court has interpreted the gua…
54 terms
Federal System and Civil Liberties
Tenth Amendment
Reserved powers
Concurrent Powers
Bill of Attainder
Powers reserved for the states
Powers not enumerated or implied that are given to states
Powers both states and gv't have
Writ punishing someone without a trial
Tenth Amendment
Powers reserved for the states
Reserved powers
Powers not enumerated or implied that are given to states
25 terms
Civil Liberties and Civil Rights
Civil Liberties
Civil Rights
writ of habeas corpus
bills of attainder
Rights that belong to everyone; protections against government;
Positive acts of government designed to prevent discriminatio…
You must be brought before the court and informed of charges…
You cannot be punished without a trial.
Civil Liberties
Rights that belong to everyone; protections against government;
Civil Rights
Positive acts of government designed to prevent discriminatio…
42 terms
4. Civil Liberties & Civil Rights
substantive rights
bad tendency rule
balancing doctrine
bill of attainder
constitutional guarantees essential for personal liberty. fre…
a test used by the supreme court to determine the permissible…
a concept used by judges to weigh the competing interests or…
a legislative act that declares the guilt of an individual an…
substantive rights
constitutional guarantees essential for personal liberty. fre…
bad tendency rule
a test used by the supreme court to determine the permissible…
21 terms
Unit 5: The Bill of Rights and Civil Liberties
Bill of Rights
Civil Liberties
Clear and present danger doctrine
Double Jeopardy
Although the Anti-Federalists failed to block the ratificatio…
The legal constitutional protections against government. Alth…
Judicial interpretation of the First Amendment that governmen…
Trial or punishment for the same crime by the same government…
Bill of Rights
Although the Anti-Federalists failed to block the ratificatio…
Civil Liberties
The legal constitutional protections against government. Alth…
AP Government Civil Liberties
Civil Liberties
Civil Rights
Bill of Rights
Ninth Amendment*
The personal guarantees and freedoms that the government cann…
The government-protected rights of individuals against arbitr…
The first ten amendments to the U.S. Constitution, which larg…
Part of the Bill of Rights that makes it clear that enumerati…
Civil Liberties
The personal guarantees and freedoms that the government cann…
Civil Rights
The government-protected rights of individuals against arbitr…
42 terms
Civil Liberties and Civil Rights for American Gov't
Civil Liberties
Civil Rights
1st Amendment
14th Amendment
Constitutional freedoms guaranteed to all citizens
Protection the government guarantees against discrimination
Freedom of Religion, Speech, Press, Assembly, and Petition
(1) All persons born in the U.S. are citizens; (2) no person…
Civil Liberties
Constitutional freedoms guaranteed to all citizens
Civil Rights
Protection the government guarantees against discrimination
Civil Liberties and Civil Rights
Civil Liberties
Civil Rights
writ of habeas corpus
ex post facto laws
Rights that belong to everyone; protections against government;
Positive acts of government designed to prevent discriminatio…
You must be brought before the court and informed of charges…
Laws applied to acts committed before the laws' passage are u…
Civil Liberties
Rights that belong to everyone; protections against government;
Civil Rights
Positive acts of government designed to prevent discriminatio…
"The Bill of Rights and Civil Liberties"
Bill of Rights
Civil liberties
Clear and present danger doctrine
Cruel and unusual punishment
A formal statement of the fundamental rights of the people of…
Constitutional freedoms guaranteed to all citizens
Government can interfere with speech if it will lead to evil…
Amendment 8
Bill of Rights
A formal statement of the fundamental rights of the people of…
Civil liberties
Constitutional freedoms guaranteed to all citizens
56 terms
AP GOV Civil rights and Civil Liberties
Civil liberties
civil rights
Bill of Rights
9th Amendment
the personal guarantees and freedoms that the federal governm…
the government protected rights of individuals against arbitr…
the first ten amendments which largely guarantee specific rig…
part of bill of rights that reads, "the enumeration in the Co…
Civil liberties
the personal guarantees and freedoms that the federal governm…
civil rights
the government protected rights of individuals against arbitr…
24 terms
Chapter 19 Civil Liberties: First Amendment Freedoms
prior restraint
injunction
shield law
libel
curbing ideas before they are expressed
a court order to force or limit some act
gives reporters some protections against having to disclose t…
false and malicious use of printed words
prior restraint
curbing ideas before they are expressed
injunction
a court order to force or limit some act
26 terms
AP Government Civil Liberties and Rights
clear and present danger test
due process of law
equal protection of the law
establishment clause
Interpretation of the First Amendment that holds that the gov…
Constitutional requirement for fundamental fairness in our le…
idea that all citizens should be treated equally under the la…
Clause in the First Amendment that says the government may no…
clear and present danger test
Interpretation of the First Amendment that holds that the gov…
due process of law
Constitutional requirement for fundamental fairness in our le…
Civil Rights and Civil Liberties
Incorporation
Engle v. Vitale
Establishment Clause
Free Exercise Clause
Using the 14th amendment to apply the Bill of Rights to the S…
1962 case in which the court rule that school prayer was unco…
Clause in the First Amendment that says the government may no…
A First Amendment provision that prohibits government from in…
Incorporation
Using the 14th amendment to apply the Bill of Rights to the S…
Engle v. Vitale
1962 case in which the court rule that school prayer was unco…
5 terms
Chapters 13&15 Civil Liberties
Human rights
Civil liberties
14th amendment
Gitlow v. New York
the basic rights to which all people are entitled as human be…
Constitutional freedoms guaranteed to all citizens. Protected…
..., Declares that all persons born in the U.S. are citizens…
established selective incorporation of the Bill of rights; st…
Human rights
the basic rights to which all people are entitled as human be…
Civil liberties
Constitutional freedoms guaranteed to all citizens. Protected…
21 terms
Chapter 19~Civil Liberties: First Amendment Freedoms
Bill of Rights
civil liberties
civil rights
alien
The first ten amendments to the Constitution
The guarantees of the safety of persons, opinions, and proper…
A term used for those positive acts of government that seek t…
Foreign-born resident, or noncitizen
Bill of Rights
The first ten amendments to the Constitution
civil liberties
The guarantees of the safety of persons, opinions, and proper…
50 terms
AP GOVERNMENT Civil Liberties
Assemble
Bill of Rights
Civil Liberties
Civil Rights
To gather with one another in order to express views on publi…
The first ten amendments to the Constitution
The guarantees of the safety of persons, opinions, and proper…
A term used for those positive acts of government that seek t…
Assemble
To gather with one another in order to express views on publi…
Bill of Rights
The first ten amendments to the Constitution
50 terms
AP GOVERNMENT Ch 4/Civil Liberties
Assemble
Bill of Rights
Civil Liberties
Civil Rights
To gather with one another in order to express views on publi…
The first ten amendments to the Constitution
The guarantees of the safety of persons, opinions, and proper…
A term used for those positive acts of government that seek t…
Assemble
To gather with one another in order to express views on publi…
Bill of Rights
The first ten amendments to the Constitution
22 terms
Chapter 5 (The Bill of Rights and Civil Liberties) Key Terms - Barrons
Bill of Rights
Civil Liberties
Clear and Present Danger Doctrine
Cruel and Unusual Punishment
Adopted in 1791 by the states two years after the ratificatio…
Those rights of the people that are protected by the constitu…
Established in Schenck v United States (1919), it gives the g…
Doctrine found in the Eighth Amendment to the Constitution th…
Bill of Rights
Adopted in 1791 by the states two years after the ratificatio…
Civil Liberties
Those rights of the people that are protected by the constitu…
AP US Government and Politics Chapter 5- Civil Liberties
Bill of Rights
Ninth Amendment
Tenth Amendment
Civil liberties
The first ten amendments to the U.S. Constitution, which larg…
Part of the Bill of Rights that makes it clear that enumerati…
The final part of the Bill of Rights that defines the basic p…
The personal guarantees and freedoms that the government cann…
Bill of Rights
The first ten amendments to the U.S. Constitution, which larg…
Ninth Amendment
Part of the Bill of Rights that makes it clear that enumerati…
Chapter 4: Civil Liberties (AP Gov)
Civil Liberties
Bill of Rights
Barron v. Baltimore
Fourteenth Amendment
individual legal and constitutional protections against the g…
restricts the powers of the central government, gives America…
(1833), ruled that the Bill of Rights restrained only the nat…
an amendment to the Constitution of the United States adopted…
Civil Liberties
individual legal and constitutional protections against the g…
Bill of Rights
restricts the powers of the central government, gives America…
25 terms
Kline US Government Civil Liberties & Civil Rights
Civil Liberties
Clear and Present Danger
Free Exercise Clause
Establishment Clause
Constitutional freedoms listed in 1st Amendment guaranteed to…
Speech that creates an immediate threat to others
1st amendment clause that says you can practice religion as l…
Separates church and state
Civil Liberties
Constitutional freedoms listed in 1st Amendment guaranteed to…
Clear and Present Danger
Speech that creates an immediate threat to others
10 terms
Civil Liberties
civil liberties
civil rights
Bill of Rights
Ninth Amendment
the personal guarantees and freedoms that the federal governm…
the government protected rights of individuals against arbitr…
first ten amendments to the US Constitution which largely gua…
"enumeration in the constitution of certain rights shall not…
civil liberties
the personal guarantees and freedoms that the federal governm…
civil rights
the government protected rights of individuals against arbitr…
AP Gov Civil Rights & Liberties
bill of attainder
bill of rights
civil liberties
clear and present danger test
...
the first ten amendments which largely guarantee specific rig…
the personal guarantees and freedoms that the federal governm…
...
bill of attainder
...
bill of rights
the first ten amendments which largely guarantee specific rig…
23 terms
Chapter 4 Civil Liberties and Public Policy
civil liberties
bill of rights
first amendment
fourteenth amendment
individual legal and constitutional protections against the g…
the first ten amendments of the Constitution, which define su…
constitutional amendment that establishes the 4 great civil l…
the constitutional amendment that states " No state shall mak…
civil liberties
individual legal and constitutional protections against the g…
bill of rights
the first ten amendments of the Constitution, which define su…
56 terms
AP GOV Civil rights and Civil Liberties
Civil liberties
civil rights
Bill of Rights
9th Amendment
the personal guarantees and freedoms that the federal governm…
the government protected rights of individuals against arbitr…
the first ten amendments which largely guarantee specific rig…
part of bill of rights that reads, "the enumeration in the Co…
Civil liberties
the personal guarantees and freedoms that the federal governm…
civil rights
the government protected rights of individuals against arbitr…
40 terms
AP Gov:Unit 5-The federal courts,civil liberties,and civil rights
Judicial Review
Writ of Certiorari
Stare Decisis
Judicial Activism
The power of the courts to strike down laws that are unconsti…
A decision by the Supreme Court to hear an appeal from a lowe…
Latin phrase,"let the decision stand." The vast majority of t…
(1) broad court rulings based on political or personal belief…
Judicial Review
The power of the courts to strike down laws that are unconsti…
Writ of Certiorari
A decision by the Supreme Court to hear an appeal from a lowe…
34 terms
AP Government Chapter 5: Civil Liberties
civil liberties
civil rights
Bill of Rights
Ninth Amendment
the personal guarantees and freedoms that the federal governm…
the government-protected rights of individuals against arbitr…
the first ten amendments to the US Constitution, which largel…
part of the Bill of Right that reads "The enumeration in the…
civil liberties
the personal guarantees and freedoms that the federal governm…
civil rights
the government-protected rights of individuals against arbitr…
36 terms
Chapter 4: Civil Liberties
Civil Liberties
Civil Rights
Bill of Rights
Ninth Amendment
The personal guarantees and freedoms that the government cann…
The government-protected rights of individuals against arbitr…
The first ten amendments to the US Constitution, which largel…
Part of the Bill of Rights that makes it clear that enumerati…
Civil Liberties
The personal guarantees and freedoms that the government cann…
Civil Rights
The government-protected rights of individuals against arbitr…
Chapter 4: Civil liberties
Civil liberties
Civil rights
Who wanted bill of rights?
What were the three main arguments tha…
The personal gaurantees and freedoms that the government cann…
The government-protected rights of individuals against arbitr…
Anti federalists
1) Most state constitutions contained a bill of rights, so fe…
Civil liberties
The personal gaurantees and freedoms that the government cann…
Civil rights
The government-protected rights of individuals against arbitr…
20 terms
Civil Liberties (Chapter 4)
Civil Liberties
First Ten Amendments
14th amendment
Establishment Clause
personal freedoms protected for all individuals
Bill of Rights
incorporated the protections of the bill of rights to the STA…
Prevents the government from creating a national religion
Civil Liberties
personal freedoms protected for all individuals
First Ten Amendments
Bill of Rights
30 terms
Unit 4: Federal Courts, Civil Liberties, Civil Rights
Defendant
Plaintiff
Writ of Habeas Corpus
Ex Post Facto Law
an individual or group being sued or charged with a crime
A person or party filing a lawsuit
A court order requiring explanation to a judge why a prisoner…
A law which punishes people for a crime that was not a crime…
Defendant
an individual or group being sued or charged with a crime
Plaintiff
A person or party filing a lawsuit
AP GOVERNMENT CHAPTER 5: Civil Liberties
Bill of attainder
Bill of Rights
Civil liberties
Civil rights
A law declaring an act illegal without a judical trial
The first ten amendments to the U.S. Constitution, which larg…
The persons guarantees and freedoms and that government canno…
The government-protected rights of individuals against arbitr…
Bill of attainder
A law declaring an act illegal without a judical trial
Bill of Rights
The first ten amendments to the U.S. Constitution, which larg…
HCHS Government - Unit 5 (Civil Rights and Civil Liberties)
[carryover] limited government
[carryover] authoritarian government
[carryover] republic
[carryover] direct democracy
a government that is restricted, usually by a constitution
a government that is not elected and may (or may not) have to…
rule by elected leaders, also called a representative democracy
a system where people vote directly on laws
[carryover] limited government
a government that is restricted, usually by a constitution
[carryover] authoritarian government
a government that is not elected and may (or may not) have to…
AP Gov Civil Liberties (100)
Civil Liberties
Civil Rights
Due Process Clause
Selective Interpretation
The personal guarantees and freedoms that the government cann…
The government protected rights of groups against arbitrary o…
Clause contained in the Fifth and Fourteenth Amendment; Over…
An interpretation of the Constitution holding that the due pr…
Civil Liberties
The personal guarantees and freedoms that the government cann…
Civil Rights
The government protected rights of groups against arbitrary o…
24 terms
Civil Liberties - Chapter 4: We The People 10ED
habeas corpus
bill of attainder
ex post facto laws
bill of rights
a court order demanding that an individual in custody be brou…
a law that declares a person guilty of a crime without a trial
laws that declare an action to be illegal after it has been c…
The first 10 amendments to us U.S. Constitution, ratified in…
habeas corpus
a court order demanding that an individual in custody be brou…
bill of attainder
a law that declares a person guilty of a crime without a trial
56 terms
Civil Rights and Civil Liberties
Civil liberties
civil rights
Bill of Rights
9th Amendment
the personal guarantees and freedoms that the federal governm…
the government protected rights of individuals against arbitr…
the first ten amendments which largely guarantee specific rig…
part of bill of rights that reads, "the enumeration in the Co…
Civil liberties
the personal guarantees and freedoms that the federal governm…
civil rights
the government protected rights of individuals against arbitr…
19 terms
Civil Rights & Civil Liberties Vocabulary
civil liberties
civil rights
Due Process Clause
freedom of speech
protections against government
positive acts of gov't. that seek to make constitutional guar…
part of the Constitution that ensures that the States cannot…
Which is an example of a civil liberty?... a) Civil Rights Act o…
civil liberties
protections against government
civil rights
positive acts of gov't. that seek to make constitutional guar…
38 terms
Unit 3 Civil Liberties
Civil Liberties
Bill of Rights
First Amendment
Gitlow v. New York
The legal constitutional protections against government. Set…
The first ten amendments to the US Constitution, define basic…
The constitutional amendment that establishes the four great…
The 1925 Supreme Court decision that held that freedoms of pr…
Civil Liberties
The legal constitutional protections against government. Set…
Bill of Rights
The first ten amendments to the US Constitution, define basic…
Ch. 5 The Bill of Rights and Civil Liberties
Civil Liberties
Civil Rights
Incorporation
Libel
Basic freedoms guaranteed under the constitution (freedom of…
Equal rights and equal treatment under the law. Not protectio…
Process which the supreme court applies the bill of rights to…
Publishing false info abt someone w/ intent to cause harm.
Civil Liberties
Basic freedoms guaranteed under the constitution (freedom of…
Civil Rights
Equal rights and equal treatment under the law. Not protectio…
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