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Study sets matching "term:classical conditioning = classical conditioning or operant conditioning. responses are involuntary and reflexible."

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Study sets matching "term:classical conditioning = classical conditioning or operant conditioning. responses are involuntary and reflexible."

10 terms
Psych Chapter 6 - Classical or Operant Conditioning?
Every time someone flushes a toilet in…
Your father gives you a credit card at…
Your car has a red, flashing light tha…
You eat a new food and then get sick b…
Classical training.... US - 1st time hot water... UR - jumping back…
Operant training... Credit card is positive reinforcement
Operant training.... Positive punishment - flashing lights when…
Classical... US - Flu... UR - Sickness ... CS - New food... CR - Nausea
Every time someone flushes a toilet in…
Classical training.... US - 1st time hot water... UR - jumping back…
Your father gives you a credit card at…
Operant training... Credit card is positive reinforcement
17 terms
Classical Conditioning
Learning
Stimulus
Conditioning
Classical Conditioning
A relatively permanent change in behavior caused by experience.
"A thing" that causes a response
Also known as learning
A person's old response is attached to a new stimulus.... The be…
Learning
A relatively permanent change in behavior caused by experience.
Stimulus
"A thing" that causes a response
Learning: Classical & Operant Conditioning
Classical Conditioning
Unconditioned Stimulus
Unconditioned Response
Conditioned Stimulus
A process of behavior modification in which a neutral stimulu…
Any event which reliably produces a predictable response
Any behavior predictably caused by an unconditioned stimulus
Any event which is neutral (at the start of classical conditi…
Classical Conditioning
A process of behavior modification in which a neutral stimulu…
Unconditioned Stimulus
Any event which reliably produces a predictable response
18 terms
Classical Conditioning
Learning
Stimulus
Conditioning
Classical Conditioning
A relatively permanent change in behavior caused by experience.
"A thing"
Also known as learning
A person's old response is attached to a new stimulus.... The be…
Learning
A relatively permanent change in behavior caused by experience.
Stimulus
"A thing"
37 terms
Classical and Operant Conditioning
Unconditional Learning
Classical Conditioning
Stimulus
Neutral Stimulus (NS)
the acquisition of knowledge or skills through experience, st…
(Learn by association) a type of learning: learn to link 1 or…
Any event/situation that evokes a response
(In classical conditioning) a stimulus that elicits no response
Unconditional Learning
the acquisition of knowledge or skills through experience, st…
Classical Conditioning
(Learn by association) a type of learning: learn to link 1 or…
31 terms
Classical Conditioning and operant conditioning
What is learning
Classical conditioning (pavlovian cond…
unconditioned stimulus (UCS)
Unconditioned response (UCR)
a process based on experience and results in a relatively con…
Conditioning process in which an originally neutral stimulus,…
A stimulus that evokes an unconditioned response without prev…
In classical conditioning, the unlearned, naturally occurring…
What is learning
a process based on experience and results in a relatively con…
Classical conditioning (pavlovian cond…
Conditioning process in which an originally neutral stimulus,…
41 terms
Classical Conditioning and Operant Conditioning
Learning
Associative learning
Classical Conditioning
Stimulus
Long lasting change in behavior due to experience... we learn by…
learning that happens when 2 events occur together... ex: placin…
A type of learning in which a stimulus gains the power to cau…
anything in the environment that one can respond to
Learning
Long lasting change in behavior due to experience... we learn by…
Associative learning
learning that happens when 2 events occur together... ex: placin…
10 terms
Classical Conditioning
learning
classical conditioning
unconditioned stimulus (UCS)
unconditioned response (UCR)
a relatively permanent change in knowledge or behavior result…
a form of learning in which a neutral stimulus comes to elici…
in classical conditioning, a stimulus that automatically elic…
in classical conditioning, an unlearned, automatic response t…
learning
a relatively permanent change in knowledge or behavior result…
classical conditioning
a form of learning in which a neutral stimulus comes to elici…
10 terms
Classical Conditioning
Ivan Pavlov
classical conditioning
stimulus
discrimination
discovered classical conditioning; trained dogs to salivate a…
Conditioning process in which an originally neutral stimulus,…
A signal to which an organism responds
In classical conditioning, the learned ability to distinguish…
Ivan Pavlov
discovered classical conditioning; trained dogs to salivate a…
classical conditioning
Conditioning process in which an originally neutral stimulus,…
40 terms
Module 27 Operant Conditioning, Classical Conditioning
operant conditioning
law of effect
Thorndike
B.F. Skinner
type of learning in which behavior is strengthened if followe…
Thorndike's principal that behaviors followed by favorable co…
behaviorist that developed the law of effect
most influential behaviorist, creator of operant chamber
operant conditioning
type of learning in which behavior is strengthened if followe…
law of effect
Thorndike's principal that behaviors followed by favorable co…
16 terms
Classical Conditioning
Learning
Stimulus
Conditioning
Classical Conditioning
A relatively permanent change in behavior caused by experience.
"A thing" that causes a response
Also known as learning
A person's old response is attached to a new stimulus.... The be…
Learning
A relatively permanent change in behavior caused by experience.
Stimulus
"A thing" that causes a response
17 terms
Classical Conditioning Concepts
A student fails an assignment because…
Giovanni enjoys being the centre of at…
Vesna puts up an umbrella so that she…
Daniel gives an employee a bonus becau…
Punishment
extinction
negative reinforcement
positive reinforcement
A student fails an assignment because…
Punishment
Giovanni enjoys being the centre of at…
extinction
9 terms
Classical and operant conditioning
(CS)... Classical conditioning
(UCS)... Classical conditioning
(UCR)... Classical conditioning
(CR)... Classical conditioning
Conditioned stimulus
Unconditioned stimulus
Unconditioned response
Conditioned response
(CS)... Classical conditioning
Conditioned stimulus
(UCS)... Classical conditioning
Unconditioned stimulus
13 terms
Learning (Classical conditioning)
association
acquisition
classical conditioning
conditioned response (CR)
a learned connection between two [or more] objects or events…
in classical conditioning the process through which an organi…
reflexive response elicited by previously neutral stimulus th…
the learned or acquired response to the conditioned stimulus
association
a learned connection between two [or more] objects or events…
acquisition
in classical conditioning the process through which an organi…
15 terms
Classical Conditioning (chapter 7) part I
Ivan Pavlov
classical conditioning
operant conditioning
unconditioned stimulus (UCS)
experimented with dogs (saliva), bells, and food
associating one stimulus with another... a formally neutral stim…
learning through consequences
(food in mouth) a stimulus that elicits a reflexive or innate…
Ivan Pavlov
experimented with dogs (saliva), bells, and food
classical conditioning
associating one stimulus with another... a formally neutral stim…
49 terms
classical conditioning, operant conditioning, and observational learning
Classical Conditioning:
Unconditioned Stimulus:
Reflex:
Unconditioned Response:
acquiring a new response to a previously neutral stimulus tha…
the stimulus in a reflex that automatically elicits an uncond…
A stimulus response pair in which the stimulus (unconditioned…
the response in a reflex that is automatically elicited by th…
Classical Conditioning:
acquiring a new response to a previously neutral stimulus tha…
Unconditioned Stimulus:
the stimulus in a reflex that automatically elicits an uncond…
13 terms
Chapter 6 Quiz I: Classical Conditioning
Learning
Habituation
Classical Conditioning
Unconditioned Stimulus (UCS)
The modification through experience of pre-existing behavior…
The process of adapting to stimuli that do not change.
A procedure in which a neutral stimulus is repeatedly paired…
A stimulus that elicits a response without conditioning.
Learning
The modification through experience of pre-existing behavior…
Habituation
The process of adapting to stimuli that do not change.
14 terms
Classical and Operant Conditioning
learning
classical conditioning
behaviorism
unconditioned stimulus
A relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due t…
A type of learning in which one learns to link two or more st…
An approach that advocates that psychologists restrict themse…
in classical conditioning, a stimulus that unconditionally—na…
learning
A relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due t…
classical conditioning
A type of learning in which one learns to link two or more st…
150 terms
Pettus: Classical Conditioning and Operant Conditioning
Psychodynamic (Psychoanalytic) paradig…
Behaviourism paradigm
Cognitive paradigm
Humanistic and Existential paradigm
Freud... 1-Emphasis on *unconscious conflict between biological…
Skinner... "it's all about the environment that determines every…
We all perceive environment in a different schema
something that motives human nature is higher level- cannot b…
Psychodynamic (Psychoanalytic) paradig…
Freud... 1-Emphasis on *unconscious conflict between biological…
Behaviourism paradigm
Skinner... "it's all about the environment that determines every…
15 terms
Operant vs. Classical conditioning
Classical Conditioning
Classical Conditioning
Classical Conditioning
Classical Conditioning
Reflexive, involuntary behaviors
Elicited by stimulus
Associating two stimuli: CS + UCS
Physiological and emotional responses
Classical Conditioning
Reflexive, involuntary behaviors
Classical Conditioning
Elicited by stimulus
150 terms
Pettus: Classical Conditioning and Operant Conditioning
Psychodynamic (Psychoanalytic) paradig…
Behaviourism paradigm
Cognitive paradigm
Humanistic and Existential paradigm
Freud... 1-Emphasis on *unconscious conflict between biological…
Skinner... "it's all about the environment that determines every…
We all perceive environment in a different schema
something that motives human nature is higher level- cannot b…
Psychodynamic (Psychoanalytic) paradig…
Freud... 1-Emphasis on *unconscious conflict between biological…
Behaviourism paradigm
Skinner... "it's all about the environment that determines every…
17 terms
Classical conditioning
association
acquisition
aversion therapy
classical conditioning
a learned connection between two [or more] objects or events…
in classical conditioning the process through which an organi…
a form of treatment using classical conditioning to cause an…
reflexive response elicited by previously neutral stimulus th…
association
a learned connection between two [or more] objects or events…
acquisition
in classical conditioning the process through which an organi…
52 terms
Factors SHARED by Classical and Operant Conditioning
Both CC and OC involve
Both CC and OC involve
Both CC and OC can become
Both CC and OC can
learning associations
stimuli in the environment, which can be generalized
extinct
reappear suddenly
Both CC and OC involve
learning associations
Both CC and OC involve
stimuli in the environment, which can be generalized
43 terms
Classical conditioning and operant conditioning
learning
classical conditioning
stimulus
response
a relatively permanent change in behavior caused by experience.
a type of learning where a stimulus gains the power to cause…
anything in the environment that one can respond to.
any behavior or option
learning
a relatively permanent change in behavior caused by experience.
classical conditioning
a type of learning where a stimulus gains the power to cause…
12 terms
Classical Conditioning
learning
classical conditioning
unconditioned stimulus (UCS)
unconditioned response (UCR)
a relatively permanent change in knowledge or behavior result…
a form of learning in which a neutral stimulus comes to elici…
in classical conditioning, a stimulus that automatically elic…
in classical conditioning, an unlearned, automatic response t…
learning
a relatively permanent change in knowledge or behavior result…
classical conditioning
a form of learning in which a neutral stimulus comes to elici…
27 terms
Classical and Operant Conditioning
Learning
Classical Conditioning
Ivan Pavlov
Unconditioned Stimulus
A relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due t…
A type of learning in which one learns to link two or more st…
A Russian researcher in the early 1900s who was the first res…
in classical conditioning, a stimulus that unconditionally—na…
Learning
A relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due t…
Classical Conditioning
A type of learning in which one learns to link two or more st…
36 terms
Classical Conditioning and Operant Conditioning
Learning
Associative learning
Conditioning
Classical Conditioning
A learning relatively permanent change in behavior due to exp…
Linking two events that occur close together in time (Sit Fid…
The process of learning associations between events and behav…
A type of learning we learn to associate two stimuli and anti…
Learning
A learning relatively permanent change in behavior due to exp…
Associative learning
Linking two events that occur close together in time (Sit Fid…
18 terms
Classical Conditioning Niko
Learning
Stimulus
Conditioning
Classical Conditioning
A relatively permanent change in behavior caused by experience.
A change in an organism's surroundings that causes the organi…
Also known as learning
Conditioning process in which an originally neutral stimulus,…
Learning
A relatively permanent change in behavior caused by experience.
Stimulus
A change in an organism's surroundings that causes the organi…
14 terms
Comparing Classical and Operant Conditioning
Classical Conditioning
Classical Conditioning
Classical Conditioning
Classical Conditioning
Reflexive, involuntary behaviors
Elicited by stimulus
Associating two stimuli: CS and UCS
Physiological and emotional responses
Classical Conditioning
Reflexive, involuntary behaviors
Classical Conditioning
Elicited by stimulus
46 terms
Learning: Applications of classical conditioning and introduction to operant conditioning
Little Albert
Conditioned taste aversions
Classical conditioning and Phobias
Classical conditioning and sexual pref…
...
- "sauce bearnaise " syndrome... - Often occurs in response to f…
- Many phobias are acquired by classical conditioning ... ex lit…
- Jim Pfaus, concordia... - Men who have initial sexual experien…
Little Albert
...
Conditioned taste aversions
- "sauce bearnaise " syndrome... - Often occurs in response to f…
37 terms
Classical and Operant Conditioning
Unconditional Learning
Classical Conditioning
Stimulus
Neutral Stimulus (NS)
the acquisition of knowledge or skills through experience, st…
(Learn by association) a type of learning: learn to link 1 or…
Any event/situation that evokes a response
(In classical conditioning) a stimulus that elicits no response
Unconditional Learning
the acquisition of knowledge or skills through experience, st…
Classical Conditioning
(Learn by association) a type of learning: learn to link 1 or…
39 terms
(LC) Chapter 3: Basic Principles of Classical Conditioning
Classical conditioning
Conditioned reflex
Unconditioned stimulus (US)
Unconditioned response (UR)
The procedure of repeatedly pairing an initially neutral stim…
Another name for a conditioned response.
In classical conditioning, a stimulus that naturally elicits…
In classical conditioning, an innate response that is elicite…
Classical conditioning
The procedure of repeatedly pairing an initially neutral stim…
Conditioned reflex
Another name for a conditioned response.
24 terms
Classical Conditioning
learning
conditioning
classical conditioning
Ivan Pavlov
process that produces a relatively permanent change in knowle…
process that produces a relatively permanent change in behavi…
process of learning an association between a stimulus and the…
Russian physiologist who earned a Nobel Prize for his discove…
learning
process that produces a relatively permanent change in knowle…
conditioning
process that produces a relatively permanent change in behavi…
118 terms
Classical and Operant Conditioning
acquisition
extinction
spontaneously recovery
renewal effect
In classical conditioning, the initial stage, when one links…
Disappearance of the conditioned response.
process in classical conditioning by which a CR can recur aft…
sudden reemergence of a conditioned response following extinc…
acquisition
In classical conditioning, the initial stage, when one links…
extinction
Disappearance of the conditioned response.
26 terms
Classical vs Operant Conditioning
Associative Learning
Classical Conditioning
Unconditioned Stimulus
Unconditioned Response
Learning that certain events occur together
Started with Ivan Povlov
A stimulus that naturally and automatically triggers a response
The unlearned, naturally occurring response to the UCS
Associative Learning
Learning that certain events occur together
Classical Conditioning
Started with Ivan Povlov
31 terms
Classical and Operant Conditioning
Classical Conditioning
Neutral Stimulus
Unconditioned Stimulus (UCS)
Unconditioned Stimulus Response (USR)
Learning procedure in which associations are made between a n…
Stimulus that does not initially elicit any part of the uncon…
Stimulus that elicits a certain predictable response typicall…
Organism's automatic reaction to a stimulus.
Classical Conditioning
Learning procedure in which associations are made between a n…
Neutral Stimulus
Stimulus that does not initially elicit any part of the uncon…
28 terms
Classical/Operant Conditioning Vocab
Stimulus
Response
Conditioning
Classical Conditioning
a feature in the environment that is detected by an organism…
an observable reaction to a stimulus. A reaction to something
a type of learning that involves stimulus- response connectio…
where one stimulus calls forth the response that is usually c…
Stimulus
a feature in the environment that is detected by an organism…
Response
an observable reaction to a stimulus. A reaction to something
22 terms
Classical and Operant Conditioning
Learning is...
Associations are...
Classical Conditioning is...
Operant Conditioning is....
any change in behavior because of the environment. This occur…
things that connect events that occur together. We learn thro…
learning that one stimulus is associated to another stimulus…
Learning your action is associated with a consequence.
Learning is...
any change in behavior because of the environment. This occur…
Associations are...
things that connect events that occur together. We learn thro…
10 terms
Psychology - Classical Conditioning and Operant Conditioning
classical conditioning
acquisition
extinction
spontaneously recovery
Conditioning process in which an originally neutral stimulus,…
In classical conditioning, the initial stage, when one links…
Disappearance of the conditioned response.
process in classical conditioning by which a CR can recur aft…
classical conditioning
Conditioning process in which an originally neutral stimulus,…
acquisition
In classical conditioning, the initial stage, when one links…
27 terms
Learning (Classical & Operant Conditioning)
Important People
Learning
Ivan Pavlov
Classical Conditioning
1) B.F. Skinner= Positive Reinforcement... 2) Ivan Pavlov= Class…
A relatively permanent change in behavior due to experience
-Russian physicist ... -Dog experiment: food wheeled in metal ca…
Type of learning in which we learn to link two or more stimul…
Important People
1) B.F. Skinner= Positive Reinforcement... 2) Ivan Pavlov= Class…
Learning
A relatively permanent change in behavior due to experience
10 terms
classical conditioning operant
Neutral Stimulus
Unconditioned Stimulus
Conditioned response
Unconditional response
A stimulus eliciting no response.
Stimulus that normally produces a measurable involuntary resp…
the learned response to a previously neutral (but now conditi…
the automatic or unlearned response to a stimulus
Neutral Stimulus
A stimulus eliciting no response.
Unconditioned Stimulus
Stimulus that normally produces a measurable involuntary resp…
Classical vs Operant Conditioning
classical conditioning
operant conditioning
what is the process of classical condi…
how operant works
- Ivan Pavlov (Russian Phisiologist)... - involves placing a neu…
- B.F. Skinner (American Psychologist)... - involves applying re…
NS (neutral stimulus) + US (unconditioned stimulus) = CR (con…
associations between a voluntary behavior and the consequence…
classical conditioning
- Ivan Pavlov (Russian Phisiologist)... - involves placing a neu…
operant conditioning
- B.F. Skinner (American Psychologist)... - involves applying re…
155 terms
Learning: Operant and Classical Conditioning
Adaptation
a
Unconscious
Adapation
A change over time in the responsiveness of the sensory syste…
A change over time in the responsiveness of the sensory syste…
Adaptation is an unconscious/conscious sensory mechanism.
An unconscious, temporary change in response to environment;…
Adaptation
A change over time in the responsiveness of the sensory syste…
a
A change over time in the responsiveness of the sensory syste…
15 terms
Learning (Operant Conditioning)
learning
classical conditioning
operant conditioing
BF Skinner
a relatively permanent change in behavior that occurs as a re…
a process in which a neutral stimulus brings about a response…
makes a behavior more or less likely to happen in the future…
Psychologist who stated the definition of operant conditionin…
learning
a relatively permanent change in behavior that occurs as a re…
classical conditioning
a process in which a neutral stimulus brings about a response…
Classical vs Operant Conditioning
Classical Conditioning -Basic Idea
Operant Conditioning -Basic Idea
Classical Conditioning -Response
Operant Conditioning -Response
organism associates events
organism associates behavior and resulting events
involuntary, automatic
voluntary, operates on environment
Classical Conditioning -Basic Idea
organism associates events
Operant Conditioning -Basic Idea
organism associates behavior and resulting events
24 terms
Operant Conditioning
Associative Learning
Operant Conditioning
Respondent Behavior
Operant Behavior
learning that certain events (a response and its consequences…
a type of learning in which behavior is strengthened if follo…
behavior that occurs as an automatic response to some stimulu…
behavior that operates on the environment, producing conseque…
Associative Learning
learning that certain events (a response and its consequences…
Operant Conditioning
a type of learning in which behavior is strengthened if follo…
Psychology (classical and operant conditioning)
Unconditioned Stimulus
Unconditioned Response
Classical Conditioning
Conditioned Response
A stimulus that evokes an unconditioned response
The unlearned behavior
Explains association
The learned behavior
Unconditioned Stimulus
A stimulus that evokes an unconditioned response
Unconditioned Response
The unlearned behavior
28 terms
Psychology: Classical and Operant Conditioning
Classical Condition
Ivan Pavlov
Pavlov's Experiment
Results to Pavlov's Experiment
Method of learning in which associates are made between a nat…
Russian physiologist... Noble Prize for physiology of digestion…
Studied dog digestions... -sight of feeder caused salivation ev…
Dogs began salivating before food was given... *For every stimu…
Classical Condition
Method of learning in which associates are made between a nat…
Ivan Pavlov
Russian physiologist... Noble Prize for physiology of digestion…
69 terms
Operant Conditioning
Operant conditioning
Operant
Three-phase model of operant condition…
Discriminative stimulus (SD)
type of learning for which the consequences of an action dete…
response (or set of responses) that acts on the environment t…
description and explanation of operant conditioning as having…
object or event that precedes a particular response, signals…
Operant conditioning
type of learning for which the consequences of an action dete…
Operant
response (or set of responses) that acts on the environment t…
12 terms
Chapter 20 Classical Conditioning
Respondent behavior
Neutral stimulus
Unconditioned response
Unconditioned stimulus
behavior that occurs as an automatic response to some stimulus
a stimulus that does not cause a response
Unlearned or involuntary response to an unconditioned stimulus
A stimulus that evokes an unconditioned response without prev…
Respondent behavior
behavior that occurs as an automatic response to some stimulus
Neutral stimulus
a stimulus that does not cause a response
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