Study sets matching "term:cruciate+ligaments = crisscross within the knee; they give anterior and posterior stability and help control rotation"

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Study sets matching "term:cruciate+ligaments = crisscross within the knee; they give anterior and posterior stability and help control rotation"

Knee Joint
Lateral meniscus
Medial meniscus
Menisci
Anterior cruciate ligament
femus-tibia articulations... cushion & stabilize joint... give late…
Lateral meniscus
Medial meniscus
12 terms
Knee Joint
medial meniscus
medial meniscus
lateral meniscus
lateral meniscus
C-shaped fibrocartilage located between the medial condyles p…
C-shaped fibrocartilage located between the lateral condyles…
medial meniscus
C-shaped fibrocartilage located between the medial condyles p…
medial meniscus
Lower Limb Muscles-The Knee Joint
Medial Meniscus
Lateral Meniscus
Anterior cruciate ligament
Posterior cruciate ligament
C-shaped fibrocartilage located between the medial condyles p…
C-shaped fibrocartilage located between the lateral condyles…
Ligament connecting the posterior side of the femur to the an…
ligament connecting the anterior side of the femur to the pos…
Medial Meniscus
C-shaped fibrocartilage located between the medial condyles p…
Lateral Meniscus
C-shaped fibrocartilage located between the lateral condyles…
16 terms
Knee Anatomy, Ligaments
Deep
Hyperextension
Intra-articular
Superficial
This is the term used to describe that a structure is located…
This is the term that names the continuation of extension bey…
This term means within the joint capsule.
This is the term used to describe that a structure is located…
Deep
This is the term used to describe that a structure is located…
Hyperextension
This is the term that names the continuation of extension bey…
8 terms
ligaments of the knee
anterior and posterior cruciate ligame…
anterior and posterior cruciate ligame…
medial collateral ligament
lateral collateral ligament
found in the center of the knee joint
provide stability to the knee
attaches the femur to the tibia on inner side of the knee
attaches the femur to the fibula on the outer side of the knee
anterior and posterior cruciate ligame…
found in the center of the knee joint
anterior and posterior cruciate ligame…
provide stability to the knee
74 terms
THE KNEE: MENISCUS, ANTERIOR AND POSTERIOR CRUCIATE INJURIES and ACHILLES TENDON
Knee type of joint and and roll and gl…
Closed-chain knee kinematics?
ANATOMY
ANATOMY
A Hinge Joint that incorporates both gliding and rolling whic…
Posterior roll and glide
Knee type of joint and and roll and gl…
A Hinge Joint that incorporates both gliding and rolling whic…
Closed-chain knee kinematics?
Posterior roll and glide
35 terms
Knee and shoulder articulation
4
6
articulation
ligament
number of ligaments in the shoulder
number of ligaments in the knee
area where 2 things meet
bone to bone attachment by fibrous connective tissue
4
number of ligaments in the shoulder
6
number of ligaments in the knee
6 terms
Knee Joint (Fig 9.19)
medial meniscus
lateral meniscus
anterior cruciate ligament
posterior cruciate ligament
C-shaped fibrocartilage located between the medial condyles p…
C-shaped fibrocartilage located between the lateral condyles…
ligament connecting the posterior side of the femur to the an…
ligament connecting the anterior side of the femur to the pos…
medial meniscus
C-shaped fibrocartilage located between the medial condyles p…
lateral meniscus
C-shaped fibrocartilage located between the lateral condyles…
Knee-Ligaments
(four main knee ligaments)
Medial Aspect (Medial Collateral Ligam…
Lateral Aspect (Lateral Collateral Lig…
Within the Joint Capsule (knee joint)
Medial Collateral Ligament; Lateral Collateral Ligament; Ante…
Known as: tibia collateral ligament... Goes from medial femur co…
Known as: fibular collateral ligament... Goes from lateral femur…
Anterior Cruciate ligament and Posterior Cruciate ligament
(four main knee ligaments)
Medial Collateral Ligament; Lateral Collateral Ligament; Ante…
Medial Aspect (Medial Collateral Ligam…
Known as: tibia collateral ligament... Goes from medial femur co…
Selected Joint Structures Quiz (Knee)
Knee
Knee
knee
Extension
BLANK joint is a hinge joint
BLANK Joint is an unstable joint
BLANK joint is capable of ... Extension, Flexion, Some rotation…
Knee
BLANK joint is a hinge joint
Knee
BLANK Joint is an unstable joint
32 terms
Day 26: KH2220
Uniaxial Synovial Joint
2
Condyles of Tibia
13-15
What type movement does a knee joint do?
How many menisci are apart of the knee
Where do the menisci of the knee sit on top of?
How many bursae are in the knee?
Uniaxial Synovial Joint
What type movement does a knee joint do?
2
How many menisci are apart of the knee
9 terms
Ligament Functions
iliofemoral
pubofemoral
ischiofemoral
anterior cruciate ligament
limits excessive extension of hip
limits abduction and extension of hip
limits extension and internal rotation of hip
resists anterior translation of tibia and posterior translati…
iliofemoral
limits excessive extension of hip
pubofemoral
limits abduction and extension of hip
Specific Joints of the Body
three
humero-ulnar joint
humero-radial joint
radio-ulnar joint
there are _____ joints at the elbow
medial (20)
lateral, (21)
(22)
three
there are _____ joints at the elbow
humero-ulnar joint
medial (20)
Knees
Osteochondritis Dissecans
Name the 3 bones that compose the knee…
Identify the 4 primary ligaments that…
Name the 4 muscles of the quadriceps
-A joint condition where the bone underneath the cartilage of…
Femur, tibia, patella
Medial Collateral Ligament (MCL), Lateral Collateral Ligament…
Vastus medialis, vastus lateralis, satorius, and rectus femoris
Osteochondritis Dissecans
-A joint condition where the bone underneath the cartilage of…
Name the 3 bones that compose the knee…
Femur, tibia, patella
Anatomy of the Hip & Knee
acetabulum
ROM
Range of motion of the hip
iliofemoral ligament
is a deep socket on the pelvis.
range of motion
at the hip joint due to the shape of the articulating bones,…
The strongest of the hip capsule and ligaments.
acetabulum
is a deep socket on the pelvis.
ROM
range of motion
Knee Joint Features
medial meniscus
lateral meniscus
medial collateral ligament
lateral collateral ligament
C-shaped fibrocartilage pad, located within the knee joint, h…
C-shaped fibrocartilage pad that stabilizes the joint laterally
reinforces medial surface of the knee joint from the femur to…
reinforces lateral surface of the knee; stretches from the fe…
medial meniscus
C-shaped fibrocartilage pad, located within the knee joint, h…
lateral meniscus
C-shaped fibrocartilage pad that stabilizes the joint laterally
20 terms
Care & Prevention Chapter 14
Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL)
Anthroscopic Surgery
Chondromalacia
Fat Pad Syndrome
A knee ligament that keeps the tibia from moving forward on t…
A type of surgery performed on a joint using only small punct…
The softening or wearing away of the cartilage that lies on t…
A condition whereby the fat pad of the knee becomes trapped b…
Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL)
A knee ligament that keeps the tibia from moving forward on t…
Anthroscopic Surgery
A type of surgery performed on a joint using only small punct…
Knee lecture
patella
biaxial diarthroidal
flexion/extension, internal/external r…
tibiofemoral, patellofemoral, proximal…
kneecap... -largest sesamoid bone in body... -functions to increase…
the knee is a ___________ _____________ joint
motions of the knee
3 distinct joints of the knee
patella
kneecap... -largest sesamoid bone in body... -functions to increase…
biaxial diarthroidal
the knee is a ___________ _____________ joint
20 terms
Care & Prevention Chapter 14
Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL)
Anthroscopic Surgery
Chondromalacia
Fat Pad Syndrome
A knee ligament that keeps the tibia from moving forward on t…
A type of surgery performed on a joint using only small punct…
The softening or wearing away of the cartilage that lies on t…
A condition whereby the fat pad of the knee becomes trapped b…
Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL)
A knee ligament that keeps the tibia from moving forward on t…
Anthroscopic Surgery
A type of surgery performed on a joint using only small punct…
65 terms
EXT TCH Final (Knee Part 1)
Knee is classified as a
Knee has
The two articulations that make up the…
Proximal Tibiofibular Joint is part of…
complex diarthrosis
synovial articulation having two or more articular surfaces
-Tibiofemoral Joint... -Patellofemoral Joint
does not contribute to the actions of the knee joint and is n…
Knee is classified as a
complex diarthrosis
Knee has
synovial articulation having two or more articular surfaces
17 terms
Sports Medicine Exam 2 Part 2 Knee
Knee
Two types of cartilage in the knee
Medial collateral ligament
Lateral collateral ligament
-one of the most complex joints in the body... -most movements a…
-articular cartilage: thin layer of connective tissue over en…
flat longitudinal band found on medical side of knee joint
ligament that attaches to the femur and fibula, maintains sta…
Knee
-one of the most complex joints in the body... -most movements a…
Two types of cartilage in the knee
-articular cartilage: thin layer of connective tissue over en…
Hip and Knee
Hip Articulating structures
Joint features of hip
Acetabular labrum
Iliofemoral Ligament
Head of fetus, acetabulum of os coxa
Acetabular labrum, iliofemoral ligament, ischiofemoral ligame…
Fibrocartilage ring that further deepen socket
Connects ilium and femur
Hip Articulating structures
Head of fetus, acetabulum of os coxa
Joint features of hip
Acetabular labrum, iliofemoral ligament, ischiofemoral ligame…
leg
interosseous membrane
tibia
fibula
thin... anteriorly
tibia & fibula connected by ______
medial leg bone that receives weight of body from femur; tran…
- not weight bearing... - no articulation w/ femur... - several m…
joint capsule of knee is __ & absent _____
interosseous membrane
tibia & fibula connected by ______
tibia
medial leg bone that receives weight of body from femur; tran…
141 terms
Gross: Axilla, Arm, Forearm (MSK_083)
knee joint
lateral epicondyle, lateral femoral co…
patella
neck of fibula, head of fibula, latera…
- femur, tibia, and patella contribute articular surfaces ... -…
2,4 articulate with the tibia
-sesamoid bone, ie develops within tendons of muscles (here i…
knee joint
- femur, tibia, and patella contribute articular surfaces ... -…
lateral epicondyle, lateral femoral co…
2,4 articulate with the tibia
26 terms
Ligaments of the Knee and Meniscus
Ligaments of the Menisci
Meniscofemoral Ligaments splits into w…
Transverse Ligament, where it attaches
Transverse Ligament
- transverse ligament... - meniscofemoral ligaments... - coronary l…
- ligament of Humphrey... - ligament of Wrisberg
- attaches to both menisci anteriorly... - can be absent
- attaches to both menisci anteriorly... - can be absent
Ligaments of the Menisci
- transverse ligament... - meniscofemoral ligaments... - coronary l…
Meniscofemoral Ligaments splits into w…
- ligament of Humphrey... - ligament of Wrisberg
52 terms
ENS 303 Knee
Knee function
Femur
Tibia medial condyle
Tibia lateral condyle
largest joint in the body... 4 bones, 3 joints elaborate capsula…
medial and lateral femoral condlyes/epicondyles... adductor tube…
pes anserine- site for gracilis, sartorius and semitendionsus
gerdy's tubercle site for IT band
Knee function
largest joint in the body... 4 bones, 3 joints elaborate capsula…
Femur
medial and lateral femoral condlyes/epicondyles... adductor tube…
30 terms
The Knee Joint
tibiofemoral (knee) joint
tibiofemoral joint
patellofemoral joint
joint capsule
largest and most complex synovial joint in body
primarily a hinge joint
can slightly rotate and has ability for gliding
only encloses lateral and posterior aspects of knee, not the…
tibiofemoral (knee) joint
largest and most complex synovial joint in body
tibiofemoral joint
primarily a hinge joint
Health assessment Test #4- Musculoskeletal System
_______ provide the framework of the b…
Bones:... (1) Produce red blood cells in…
There are ___(1)____ muscles. Muscles…
What are the 3 types of muscles?
Bones
(1) hematopoiesis... (2) calcium and phosphorus
(1) 600... (2) 40-50%
-skeletal (voluntary), ... -cardiac, ... -smooth (involuntary - lin…
_______ provide the framework of the b…
Bones
Bones:... (1) Produce red blood cells in…
(1) hematopoiesis... (2) calcium and phosphorus
19 terms
The Knee-Joint Structure
The Knee Joint
Bones
The femur
Patella
-Largest joint in body... -Very complex... -Primarily a hinge joint…
...
-Femoral condyles articulate on medial & lateral tibial plate…
-Sesamoid bone... -Embedded in quadriceps/ patellar tendon... -Prot…
The Knee Joint
-Largest joint in body... -Very complex... -Primarily a hinge joint…
Bones
...
65 terms
Joint Anatomy of the LE
fibrocartilaginous rim attached to the…
continuation of the labrum bridges the…
reflects proximally along the femoral…
a synovial fold conducting a blood ves…
acetabular labrum
transverse acetabular ligament
synovial membrane of the hip joint
Ligament of the head of the femur
fibrocartilaginous rim attached to the…
acetabular labrum
continuation of the labrum bridges the…
transverse acetabular ligament
20 terms
Lippert The Knee Joint 1-20 (LEAH)
knee joint
genu recurvatum
greater trochanter
lesser trochanter
largest joint in the body
hyper-extension of the knee or "back knees"
attachment site for the gluteus medius and minimus and most d…
attachment for the iliopsoas muscle
knee joint
largest joint in the body
genu recurvatum
hyper-extension of the knee or "back knees"
Joints of the Lower Limb
What are the pelvic girdle joints?
Hip joint movement
What part of the femur is not covered…
What does the fibrous layer of the joi…
lumbosacral, sacroiliac, and pubic symphyssis
flexion-extension, abduction-adduction, medial-lateral rotati…
pit (fovea for the ligament of the head of femur)
proximally on the hip bone to the bony rim of the acetabulum…
What are the pelvic girdle joints?
lumbosacral, sacroiliac, and pubic symphyssis
Hip joint movement
flexion-extension, abduction-adduction, medial-lateral rotati…
11 terms
Knee - Ch. 9
Composed of two separate articulations
Tibiofemoral joint
Patellofemoral joint
Joint type
Tibiofemoral joint... Patellofemoral joint
between condyles of tibia and femur
between patella and patellar surface of femur
Primarily hinge (when flexed can also rotate and glide)
Composed of two separate articulations
Tibiofemoral joint... Patellofemoral joint
Tibiofemoral joint
between condyles of tibia and femur
11 terms
Knee Structure
Articular Cartilage
Anterior Cruciate Ligament
Fibulae (Lateral) Collateral Ligament
Lateral Meniscus
Covers ends of bones
(ACL) attatches femur to tibia anteriorally with capsule
Adds strength laterally outside the capsule
Inside cavity, cushions knee joint
Articular Cartilage
Covers ends of bones
Anterior Cruciate Ligament
(ACL) attatches femur to tibia anteriorally with capsule
133 terms
Knee
Which articulation complexes are typic…
Which articulations participate in kne…
What does the tibiofemoral articulatio…
The femoral shaft lies in oblique alig…
The tibiofemoral, patellofemoral, and tibiofibular articulati…
Tibiofemoral and patellofemoral
Does not actually contribute to the actions of the knee. Inst…
Valgus angle
Which articulation complexes are typic…
The tibiofemoral, patellofemoral, and tibiofibular articulati…
Which articulations participate in kne…
Tibiofemoral and patellofemoral
12 terms
Knee exam
Ligaments of the knee
Cartilage which cushions the tibia and…
Valgus tests what ligament?
Cruciate ligaments
Medial collateral, patellar, lateral collateral, ACL, PCL.
Medial and lateral menisci.
Medial collateral (MCL)
Criss-cross the inner knee, gives anterior and posterior stab…
Ligaments of the knee
Medial collateral, patellar, lateral collateral, ACL, PCL.
Cartilage which cushions the tibia and…
Medial and lateral menisci.
49 terms
Knee
Knee joint size
Medial & lateral tibial condyles
Tibia
Patella- bone type
largest joint in the body
receptacles (holder) for femoral condyles
bears most of the weight
sesamoid (floating) bone
Knee joint size
largest joint in the body
Medial & lateral tibial condyles
receptacles (holder) for femoral condyles
37 terms
The Knee
hinge joint
stability and mobility
femur, patella, tibia, fibula
ACL, PCL, MCL, LCL
type of joint the knee is
primary function of the knee
bones that make up the (4)
Ligaments of the knee (4)
hinge joint
type of joint the knee is
stability and mobility
primary function of the knee
Knee and Hip
definition of sprain
most common ligaments of knee
medial collateral ligament gives _____…
lateral collateral ligament gives ____…
stretching or partial tear of ligament
Medial Collateral Ligament... Lateral Collateral Ligament... Anteri…
valgus
varus
definition of sprain
stretching or partial tear of ligament
most common ligaments of knee
Medial Collateral Ligament... Lateral Collateral Ligament... Anteri…
37 terms
Tendons, Ligaments, Types/Names of Fractures & Other Terms
Pes Anserinus
Hamstring
Sartorius
Gracilis
conjoined tendons of three muscles that insert onto the anter…
A group of muscles along the back of the thigh.
is the longest muscle in the human body. It is a long, thin,…
Adducts thigh at the hip and flexes leg at the knee; assists…
Pes Anserinus
conjoined tendons of three muscles that insert onto the anter…
Hamstring
A group of muscles along the back of the thigh.
81 terms
Knee
Femur Osteology
Tibia Osteology
Fibula Osteology
Patella Osteology
Lateral & medial condyles, lateral & medial epicondyles, inte…
Lateral & medial condyles... Intercondylar eminence... Soleal line…
Head, neck, shaft, lateral malleolus
Flateral is Lateral... Apex, base, articular facets... Articulate…
Femur Osteology
Lateral & medial condyles, lateral & medial epicondyles, inte…
Tibia Osteology
Lateral & medial condyles... Intercondylar eminence... Soleal line…
Kylee Knee Anatomy
Femur
Tibia
Fibula
Patella
bone of the thigh
the inner and typically larger of the two bones between the k…
the outer and usually smaller of the two bones between the kn…
kneecap
Femur
bone of the thigh
Tibia
the inner and typically larger of the two bones between the k…
anatomy quiz 4
anterior tibio fibular ligament
anterior talofibular ligament
calcaneofibular ligament
posterior talofibular ligament
prevents excessive spread between tibia and fibula bones in t…
prevente excessive anterior displacement of talus relative to…
prevents excessive inversion of foot in frontal plane, rollin…
prevents excessive posterior translation of talus within sagi…
anterior tibio fibular ligament
prevents excessive spread between tibia and fibula bones in t…
anterior talofibular ligament
prevente excessive anterior displacement of talus relative to…
46 terms
Anterior and Medial Thigh
Anterior Thigh Compartment
Iliopsoas
Sartorius
Pes Anserine
Iliopsoas: psoas major and iliacus... sartorius (part of Pes Ans…
Psoas major and Iliacus... Prime Hip Flexor... L1-L2 Ventral rami
part of pes anserine... act on both hip and knee
Sartorius (Anterior Compartment)... Gracilis (Medial Compartment…
Anterior Thigh Compartment
Iliopsoas: psoas major and iliacus... sartorius (part of Pes Ans…
Iliopsoas
Psoas major and Iliacus... Prime Hip Flexor... L1-L2 Ventral rami
11 terms
Vocab: Week 4
Knee Joint
Patellar Ligament/Tendon
Patellar Grove
Popliteral Ligaments
Hinge joint that connects femur to lower leg.
Connects patella to the knee.
The patella moves within the ____ and protects the knee.
Surround the patella and connect the ends of the femur and ti…
Knee Joint
Hinge joint that connects femur to lower leg.
Patellar Ligament/Tendon
Connects patella to the knee.
12 terms
Knee Joint
Tibial Collateral Ligament
Fibular Collateral Ligament
Patellar Ligament
Arcuate Popliteal Ligament
Prevents slipping of knee sideways (Medial)
Prevents slipping of knee sideways (Lateral)
Attaches patella to joint
Stabilization (Proximal)
Tibial Collateral Ligament
Prevents slipping of knee sideways (Medial)
Fibular Collateral Ligament
Prevents slipping of knee sideways (Lateral)
44 terms
Kines Week 11
Medial and lateral condyles
Intercondylar groove
Intercondylar notch
Medial and lateral epicondyles
Projections of distal femur articulating with medial and late…
Smooth, rounded area between femoral condyles articulating wi…
Located on posterior-inferior aspect of distal femur, separat…
Bony projections on medial and lateral femoral condyles, serv…
Medial and lateral condyles
Projections of distal femur articulating with medial and late…
Intercondylar groove
Smooth, rounded area between femoral condyles articulating wi…
Chapter 22- Musculoskeletal
musculoskeletal system
cartilage
temporomandibular joint (TMJ)
surface landmarks
provides support to stand erect, movement, produces red blood…
layer of resilient tissue in synovial joints that covers surf…
articulation of mandible and temporal bone. Permits speaking…
spinous processes of C7 and T1 are prominent at base of neck.…
musculoskeletal system
provides support to stand erect, movement, produces red blood…
cartilage
layer of resilient tissue in synovial joints that covers surf…
The knee
Knee
4 primary ligaments
Patellofemoral
Tibio-Femoral
hinge type joint with a slight rotational component
Medial Collateral Ligament... Lateral Collateral Ligament... Anteri…
articulation is where the patella grooves across the distal e…
actual hing joint or knee joint... articulation of the tibia and…
Knee
hinge type joint with a slight rotational component
4 primary ligaments
Medial Collateral Ligament... Lateral Collateral Ligament... Anteri…
17 terms
ch 6 part 2 knee
what is knee joint type?
femur articulate with tibia via what h…
side-to-side cartilage of knee
2 ligaments within patella are called
synovial; hinge type
articular cartilage
medial collateral and lateral collateral ligament
anterior cruciate ligament and posterior cruciate ligament
what is knee joint type?
synovial; hinge type
femur articulate with tibia via what h…
articular cartilage
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