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Study sets matching "term:drives = positive and negative environmental stimuli that motivate behavior are called"

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Study sets matching "term:drives = positive and negative environmental stimuli that motivate behavior are called"

18 terms
Plant Responses to Environmental Stimuli
stimuli
tropism
positive tropism
negative tropism
(one is called a stimulus) Changes in the environment such as…
the growth response of a plant toward or away from a stimulus
Growth towards a stimulus
Growth away from a stimulus
stimuli
(one is called a stimulus) Changes in the environment such as…
tropism
the growth response of a plant toward or away from a stimulus
16 terms
9.1 Motivation
motivation
internal theories
external theories
instinct
an inner state that energizes behavior toward the fulfillment…
theories of motivation assuming that something about the orga…
theories of motivation focussing on attributes of the goal or…
an unlearned, relatively fixed pattern of behavior that is es…
motivation
an inner state that energizes behavior toward the fulfillment…
internal theories
theories of motivation assuming that something about the orga…
9 terms
Lecture 15
Motivation
Understanding motivated behaviors
Instinct/Evolutionary theory
drive reduction theory
the need or desire that energizes and directs behavior
Instinct theory, drive reduction theory, arousal theory, masl…
instinct: pattern of behavior is rooted in genes and the body…
aroused/tense state related to a physical need, humans are mo…
Motivation
the need or desire that energizes and directs behavior
Understanding motivated behaviors
Instinct theory, drive reduction theory, arousal theory, masl…
59 terms
5. Motivation, Emotion, and Stress
Motivation
Extrinsic... motivation
Motivation that comes from within ones…
instincts,
is the purpose, or driving force, behind our actions
can include rewards for showing a desired behavior or avoidin…
intrinsic motivation. This can be driven... by interest in a tas…
which are innate, fixed... patterns of behavior in response to s…
Motivation
is the purpose, or driving force, behind our actions
Extrinsic... motivation
can include rewards for showing a desired behavior or avoidin…
14 terms
lecture 15-- motivation
Motivation
Instinct/Evolutionary Theory
Drives
Drive Reduction Theory
need/desire that energizes and directs behavior (Ex. Hunger,…
unlearned behaviors are passed down from generations. society…
aroused/tense states related to physical need such as hunger…
Humans are motivated to reduce drives (IE Eat? )
Motivation
need/desire that energizes and directs behavior (Ex. Hunger,…
Instinct/Evolutionary Theory
unlearned behaviors are passed down from generations. society…
27 terms
Chapter 9: Motivation and Emotion
motivation
instinct
drive-reduction theory
homeostasis
the inner state that energizes behavior toward the fulfillmen…
an unlearned, relatively fixed pattern of behavior that is es…
the theory that an imbalance in homeostasis creates a physiol…
tendency for organisms to keep physiological systems balanced…
motivation
the inner state that energizes behavior toward the fulfillmen…
instinct
an unlearned, relatively fixed pattern of behavior that is es…
16 terms
Motivation and Emotions
Motive
Emotions
Instincts
Drive
A need, desire or want that arouses the organism and directs…
changes in psychological and behavioral states caused by a st…
Inborn behavior patterns that are characteristic of an entire…
A state of tension or arousal brought on by biological needs
Motive
A need, desire or want that arouses the organism and directs…
Emotions
changes in psychological and behavioral states caused by a st…
10 terms
Unit 7: emotion and motivation
motivation
instinct
drive-reduction theory
homeostasis
A need or desire that energizes and directs behavior
A complex behavior that is rigidly patterned throughout a spe…
The idea that a physiological need creates an aroused tension…
A tendency to maintain a balanced or constant internal state;…
motivation
A need or desire that energizes and directs behavior
instinct
A complex behavior that is rigidly patterned throughout a spe…
34 terms
Motivation & Emotion
instincts
ethologist
sociobiology
drive reduction theory
inherited behavior patterns
animal behaviorists, researched critical period and imprinting
tries to relate social behavior to evolutionary biology
behavior is motivated by the need to reduce drives
instincts
inherited behavior patterns
ethologist
animal behaviorists, researched critical period and imprinting
8 terms
Motivation (in general)
Motivation
Instinct
Instinct Theory
Drive Reduction Theory
A need or desire that directs a behavior
A behavior that must be learned and have a pattern
Behaviors are motivated my underlying instincts
A need creates a drive that motivates for it to be met
Motivation
A need or desire that directs a behavior
Instinct
A behavior that must be learned and have a pattern
23 terms
UNIT 6 MOTIVATION THEORIES
Motivation
Motive
Instinct theory
Instinct
A need or desire that energizes and direct behavior
The reason or purpose for a behavior
-replaced by the evolutionary theory
A complex behavior that is rigidly patterned throughout a spe…
Motivation
A need or desire that energizes and direct behavior
Motive
The reason or purpose for a behavior
42 terms
Chapter 11&12 Motivation & Emotion & Personality
Emotions (affect): ... Immediate, specifi…
Feelings
Mood
Composition of Emotions
- Primary/Basic Emotions: universal (across cultures), innate…
Our subjective experience of emotions
Diffuse, long-lasting emotional states, often... without a speci…
• Physiological Response... - Increased blood pressure, heart ra…
Emotions (affect): ... Immediate, specifi…
- Primary/Basic Emotions: universal (across cultures), innate…
Feelings
Our subjective experience of emotions
9 terms
Unit 11 Lesson 1 Intro to Movivation
Motivation
Drive Reduction Theory
Incentive Theory
Incentive
Need/desire that energizes behavior ... Directs it towards a goal
Need creates arousal state of tension that motivates organism…
Motivation thru positive and negative external stimuli
Environmental stimulus that motivates behavior
Motivation
Need/desire that energizes behavior ... Directs it towards a goal
Drive Reduction Theory
Need creates arousal state of tension that motivates organism…
31 terms
Psych 4
Define Emotion
Define Motive
Define Motivation
Variety of Motive #1
An externally-motivated psychic and physical reaction that is…
internally-motivated need or desire that propels a person to…
includes the biological and psychic (social, emotional and co…
Survival Motive
Define Emotion
An externally-motivated psychic and physical reaction that is…
Define Motive
internally-motivated need or desire that propels a person to…
AP Psych Chapter 12-14 FRQ
amygdala
instinct theory
post traumatic stress
two factor theory
a structure of the limbic system involved in memory and emoti…
evolutionary psychology, species specific behavior causes org…
psychological disorder that may become evident after a person…
proposes that emotions have 2 ingredients: physical arousal a…
amygdala
a structure of the limbic system involved in memory and emoti…
instinct theory
evolutionary psychology, species specific behavior causes org…
16 terms
Motivation
Theories of motivation
instinct theory
drive reduction theory
arousal theory
instinct, drive reduction, arousal, expectancy, hierarchy of…
our behavior is hard wired
biological needs drive our behavior; state of arousal brought…
we are motivated to maintain an optimum level of arousal; yer…
Theories of motivation
instinct, drive reduction, arousal, expectancy, hierarchy of…
instinct theory
our behavior is hard wired
8 terms
Ch. 12 Psychology Terms
Motivation
Instinct
Drive Reduction Theory
Incentives
A need or desire that energizes and directs behavior.
Complex behaviors that are rigidly patterned throughout a spe…
The idea that a psychological need creates an aroused tension…
Positive and negative environmental stimuli that motivates be…
Motivation
A need or desire that energizes and directs behavior.
Instinct
Complex behaviors that are rigidly patterned throughout a spe…
8 terms
Unit 8A: Motivational Concepts
motivation
instinct
instinct theory
drive-reduction theory
a need or desire that propels a behavior towards a goal
a complex behavior that is rigidly patterned throughout a spe…
now replaced as evolutionary perspective, tried to explain hu…
physical drives creates an aroused tension state (a drive) th…
motivation
a need or desire that propels a behavior towards a goal
instinct
a complex behavior that is rigidly patterned throughout a spe…
36 terms
Chapter 11 What Drives Us
motivation
4 perspectives for understanding motiv…
instinct
drive-reduction theory
a need or desire that energizes and directs behavior
1. instinct theory 2. drive-reduction theory 3. arousal theor…
a fixed behavior pattern that is the same through a species (…
suggests that a physiological need creates a state of tension…
motivation
a need or desire that energizes and directs behavior
4 perspectives for understanding motiv…
1. instinct theory 2. drive-reduction theory 3. arousal theor…
14 terms
Motivation
Motivation refers to a need or desire…
drive
drive reduction theory
incentives
energizes and directs behavior towards a goal
is an aroused state related to a physical need such as hunger…
relates the idea that we are motivated to eat and other thing…
positive or negative environmental stimuli that motivate beha…
Motivation refers to a need or desire…
energizes and directs behavior towards a goal
drive
is an aroused state related to a physical need such as hunger…
58 terms
Motivation and Emotion
motivation
instincts
incentives
positive incentives
a driving force that initiates/ directs behavior
inborn abilities
environmental stimuli that encourage behavior
encourages us to act
motivation
a driving force that initiates/ directs behavior
instincts
inborn abilities
14 terms
Psychology Chapter 9
Motivation is defined by psychologists…
For a person deprived of water, the sa…
Victims of a famine will often eat una…
Positive and negative environmental st…
a need or desire that energizes and directs behavior.
drive reduction.
drive-reduction theory.
incentives
Motivation is defined by psychologists…
a need or desire that energizes and directs behavior.
For a person deprived of water, the sa…
drive reduction.
34 terms
Motivation
Motivation
Instinct
Drive
Need
Need or desire that energizes and directs behavior
Complex behavior that is rigidly patterned throughout a speci…
Aroused, motivated state
The psychological feature that arouses an organism to action…
Motivation
Need or desire that energizes and directs behavior
Instinct
Complex behavior that is rigidly patterned throughout a speci…
18 terms
Psychology 8a Vocab
Motivation
Instinct
Drive Reduction Theory
Drive
a need or desire that energizes and directs behavior
a complex behavior that is rigidly patterned throughout a spe…
the idea that a physiological need creates an aroused tension…
An aroused tension state
Motivation
a need or desire that energizes and directs behavior
Instinct
a complex behavior that is rigidly patterned throughout a spe…
sss
Drive reduction theory
Motivation
homeostasis
incentive
the idea that a physiological need creates an aroused tension…
A need or desire that energizes and directs behavior
A tendency to maintain a balanced or constant internal state;…
A positive or negative environmental stimulus that motivates…
Drive reduction theory
the idea that a physiological need creates an aroused tension…
Motivation
A need or desire that energizes and directs behavior
51 terms
AP Psych Unit 8 - Motivation and Emotion
motive
instinct theory
drive reduction theory
incentive theory
the psychological feature that arouses an organism to action…
A view that explains human behavior as motivated by automatic…
the idea that a physiological need creates an aroused tension…
A theory of motivation stating that behavior is directed towa…
motive
the psychological feature that arouses an organism to action…
instinct theory
A view that explains human behavior as motivated by automatic…
22 terms
Psychology- Motivation
Motivation is defined by psychologists…
An instinctive behavior is one that is:
It is characteristics of bears to hibe…
A need refers to:
A need or desire that energizes and directs behavior
Designed to reduce drives
Instinct
A physiological state that usually triggers motivational arou…
Motivation is defined by psychologists…
A need or desire that energizes and directs behavior
An instinctive behavior is one that is:
Designed to reduce drives
51 terms
psychology unit 8: motivation and emotion
charles darwin
abraham maslow
william masters & virginia johnson
alfred kinsey
english natural scientist who formulated a theory of evolutio…
humanistic psychologist known for his "hierarchy of needs" an…
first scientists to observe and measure sexual behavior in th…
controversial indiana university "sexologist" who documented…
charles darwin
english natural scientist who formulated a theory of evolutio…
abraham maslow
humanistic psychologist known for his "hierarchy of needs" an…
22 terms
Psychology- Motivation
Motivation is defined by psychologists…
An instinctive behavior is one that is:
It is characteristics of bears to hibe…
A need refers to:
A need or desire that energizes and directs behavior
Designed to reduce drives
Instinct
A physiological state that usually triggers motivational arou…
Motivation is defined by psychologists…
A need or desire that energizes and directs behavior
An instinctive behavior is one that is:
Designed to reduce drives
51 terms
AP Psych: Motivation and Emotion
motive
instinct theory
drive reduction theory
incentive theory
the psychological feature that arouses an organism to action…
A view that explains human behavior as motivated by automatic…
the idea that a physiological need creates an aroused tension…
A theory of motivation stating that behavior is directed towa…
motive
the psychological feature that arouses an organism to action…
instinct theory
A view that explains human behavior as motivated by automatic…
54 terms
Intro to ABA
Positive reinforcement
Contiguity
Negative reinforcement
Antecedent
Some stimulus is presented after a behavior and this increase…
the closeness of events in time
the removal of a stimulus following a response that increases…
A stimulus that comes before a response
Positive reinforcement
Some stimulus is presented after a behavior and this increase…
Contiguity
the closeness of events in time
9 terms
H
Motivation
Instinct
Drive reeducation theory
Homeostasis
Is a need or desire that energizes and directs behavior
Complex behavior that is rigidly patterned throughout a speci…
Attempts to explain behavior as arising from a physiological…
Refres to the body tendency to maintain a balanced or constan…
Motivation
Is a need or desire that energizes and directs behavior
Instinct
Complex behavior that is rigidly patterned throughout a speci…
46 terms
CH 8 Emotion and Motivation
emotion
James-Lange theory
Cannon-Bard theory
Two-Factor Theory (Schacter-Singer)
positive or negative experience that is associated with a par…
stimuli FIRST trigger physiological activity in the body whic…
stimuli simultaneously trigger physiological activity in the…
physiological changes are non-specifc, emotional stimuli elic…
emotion
positive or negative experience that is associated with a par…
James-Lange theory
stimuli FIRST trigger physiological activity in the body whic…
24 terms
Week 7: Module 6: Aversive Control of Behavior
aversive stimuli
avoidance
coercion
conditioned aversive stimulus (Save)
environmental stimuli or events an organism escapes or avoids
what a contingency is called when the operant increases by pr…
use of punishment to get others to act as we like
an aversive stimulus acquired by a history of conditioning
aversive stimuli
environmental stimuli or events an organism escapes or avoids
avoidance
what a contingency is called when the operant increases by pr…
43 terms
Motivation and Emotion
Motivation
Motive
Psychological Factors
Needs
The influences that account for the initiation, direction, in…
A reason or purpose for behavior
Hormones or certain areas of the brain influence sexual inter…
Food,water, sleep, etc.
Motivation
The influences that account for the initiation, direction, in…
Motive
A reason or purpose for behavior
41 terms
Behavior & Motivation
learning
biological/neuroscience approach
cognitive approach
behavioral approach
a relatively permanent change in behavior brought about by ex…
considers how people function biologically, and how the funct…
focuses on how people think, understand, and know about the w…
focuses on observable behaviors that can be measured objectiv…
learning
a relatively permanent change in behavior brought about by ex…
biological/neuroscience approach
considers how people function biologically, and how the funct…
28 terms
Motivation Psychology Terms
Intrinsic Motivation
Extrinsic Motivation
Incentive
Physiological Needs
A desire to perform a behavior for its own sake
A desire to perform a behavior due to promised rewards or thr…
A positive or negative environmental stimulus that motivates…
Basic need for things such as food, water, and shelter that m…
Intrinsic Motivation
A desire to perform a behavior for its own sake
Extrinsic Motivation
A desire to perform a behavior due to promised rewards or thr…
23 terms
Chapter 11
Carmen has plenty of food and lives in…
Drive is to ________ as incentive is t…
Jonah is an avid visitor to various so…
Jackie has a strong sense of competenc…
belonging and love needs
push, pull
being denied all access to the phone and computer for an enti…
self-esteem
Carmen has plenty of food and lives in…
belonging and love needs
Drive is to ________ as incentive is t…
push, pull
93 terms
chapter 8
motivation
Motive Definition
Motive Example
Five factors of motivation
the influences that account for the initiation, direction, in…
a reason or purpose for behavior
The desire to save up money to by myself a dog
physiological, needs, emotional, cognitive, social/environmen…
motivation
the influences that account for the initiation, direction, in…
Motive Definition
a reason or purpose for behavior
46 terms
AP Psychology Motivation and Emotion Vocabulary
anorexia nervosa
bulimia nervosa
motivation
drive
eating disorder most common in adolescent females characteriz…
eating disorder characterized by a pattern fo eating binges i…
need or desire that energizes and directs behavior
a psychological tension and physical arousal arising when the…
anorexia nervosa
eating disorder most common in adolescent females characteriz…
bulimia nervosa
eating disorder characterized by a pattern fo eating binges i…
46 terms
Psych Ch.10 Motivation and Emotion
Motivation
Motive
Instinct Doctrine
Instinctive Behaviors
The influences that account for the initiation, direction, in…
A reason or purpose for behavior
A view that behavior is motivated by automatic, involuntary,…
Innate, automatic dispositions to respond in particular ways…
Motivation
The influences that account for the initiation, direction, in…
Motive
A reason or purpose for behavior
20 terms
Psych 12-14
Mofivation
Instinct
Drug reduction theory
Incentives
Need or desire that energizes and directs behavior
Complex behavior that is rigidly patterned throughout a speci…
Attempts to explain behavior as arising from a physiological…
Positive or negative environmental stimuli that motivate beha…
Mofivation
Need or desire that energizes and directs behavior
Instinct
Complex behavior that is rigidly patterned throughout a speci…
125 terms
AP Psych Motivation & Emotion
Motivation
Motives
Social motives
Emotion
A psychological process that directs and maintains behavior t…
Needs or desires that energize behavior
Learned motives acquired as part of growing up in a particula…
A psychological feeling that involves a mixture of physiologi…
Motivation
A psychological process that directs and maintains behavior t…
Motives
Needs or desires that energize behavior
46 terms
Learning Mini Test #1
Learning
All behavior is the result of ________…
Difference between Dewey and James
mechanistic functionalist
A relatively permanent change in behavior potential that resu…
instinctive functions that promote survival
Dewey thought that instinctive behaviors were replaced by the…
behavior is motivated by internal biochemical forces
Learning
A relatively permanent change in behavior potential that resu…
All behavior is the result of ________…
instinctive functions that promote survival
12 terms
Chapter 12: Motivation
Motivation
Biological Motivation
Social Motivation
Instinct
A need or desire that energizes and directs behavior (energiz…
-Instincts: Complex behavior that is rigidly patterned throug…
-Incentives: A positive or negative environmental stimulus th…
-Complex behavior that is rigidly patterned throughout a spec…
Motivation
A need or desire that energizes and directs behavior (energiz…
Biological Motivation
-Instincts: Complex behavior that is rigidly patterned throug…
41 terms
Modules 37-40
motivation
instinct
drive-reduction theory
homeostasis
D: a need or desire that energizes and directs behavior... O: e…
D: a complex, unlearned behavior that is rigidly patterned th…
D: the idea that a physiological need creates an aroused tens…
D: a tendency to maintain a balanced or constant internal sta…
motivation
D: a need or desire that energizes and directs behavior... O: e…
instinct
D: a complex, unlearned behavior that is rigidly patterned th…
35 terms
Motivation
Motivation
Motive
Instinct Doctrine
Drive Reduction Theory
process that influences initiation, direction, intensity, and…
reason for behavior
Instinct = an innate, automatic disposition toward a specific…
disruptions of homeostasis (state of internal physiological e…
Motivation
process that influences initiation, direction, intensity, and…
Motive
reason for behavior
51 terms
AP Psych: Motivation and Emotion
motive
instinct theory
drive reduction theory
incentive theory
the psychological feature that arouses an organism to action…
A view that explains human behavior as motivated by automatic…
the idea that a physiological need creates an aroused tension…
A theory of motivation stating that behavior is directed towa…
motive
the psychological feature that arouses an organism to action…
instinct theory
A view that explains human behavior as motivated by automatic…
46 terms
Psych Ch.10 Motivation and Emotion
Motivation
Motive
Instinct Doctrine
Instinctive Behaviors
The influences that account for the initiation, direction, in…
A reason or purpose for behavior
A view that behavior is motivated by automatic, involuntary,…
Innate, automatic dispositions to respond in particular ways…
Motivation
The influences that account for the initiation, direction, in…
Motive
A reason or purpose for behavior
47 terms
PSYC 202 Chapter 10 Motivation and Emotion
Motivation
Motive
Instinct doctrine
instinctive behaviors
the influences that account for the initiation, direction, in…
a reason or purpose for behavior
A view that behavior is motivated by automatic, involuntary,…
innate, automatic dispositions to respond in particular ways…
Motivation
the influences that account for the initiation, direction, in…
Motive
a reason or purpose for behavior
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