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Study sets matching "term:earth science = geology and astronomy"

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Study sets matching "term:earth science = geology and astronomy"

39 terms
Earth Science 1 - Astronomy and Geology
Star
Galaxy
solar system
orbit
(astronomy) a celestial body of hot gases that radiates energ…
(astronomy) a collection of star systems
sun, planets, and all the other objects that revolve around t…
The curved path of a celestial object or spacecraft around a…
Star
(astronomy) a celestial body of hot gases that radiates energ…
Galaxy
(astronomy) a collection of star systems
91 terms
academic part2(Geology/Earth Science+Astronomy)
reservoir
aquifer
prime meridian
tropic of cancer
水庫
地下蓄水層
本初子午線
北迴歸線/巨蟹座
reservoir
水庫
aquifer
地下蓄水層
16 terms
DCC Earth Science & Astronomy (Elemental) - Unit 4: Geology
Cartographer
Lines of Latitude
Lines of Longitude
Mantle
a person who makes maps
(parallels) lines that run parallel around the globe, dividin…
(meridians) lines that run from the North to the South pole,…
the mostly solid part of the Earth that lies between its crus…
Cartographer
a person who makes maps
Lines of Latitude
(parallels) lines that run parallel around the globe, dividin…
29 terms
Astronomy: Earth Science - WFHS
solar system
orbit
revolve
rotate
The sun is at the center with 8 planets that revolve around it.
The circular path an object takes around another (revolution).
The circles represent Earth moving around the Sun as the moon…
To spin on an axis take one day; 24 hours; night and day.
solar system
The sun is at the center with 8 planets that revolve around it.
orbit
The circular path an object takes around another (revolution).
45 terms
Astronomy Earth Science
the way the Earth is tilted on its axi…
Earth's tilt and rotation
solar eclipse
Solstice
What causes Earth to have seasons?
When the Moon moves directly between Earth and the Sun, shado…
the day when the Sun reaches its greatest distance north or s…
the way the Earth is tilted on its axi…
What causes Earth to have seasons?
Earth's tilt and rotation
33 terms
Earth Science (Geology) Vocabulary
Deposition
Fault
Vent
Rock Cycle
The process by which weathered materials are carried by erosi…
A weak point of fracture in the Earth's crust where the rock…
An opening from which lava and gases from the Earth's interio…
A series of natural processes by which rocks are slowly chang…
Deposition
The process by which weathered materials are carried by erosi…
Fault
A weak point of fracture in the Earth's crust where the rock…
31 terms
TASC Science: Astronomy and Geology
What happens within stars?
What happens when a star dies?
What technology do scientists use to d…
What are solar flares and sunspots and…
Hydrogen nuclei bond together to create more complex elements…
The star explodes in a supernova, where all elements formed i…
Scientists use the light spectra. Each element's electrons ha…
Solar flares are hot spots on the sun, which sunspots are coo…
What happens within stars?
Hydrogen nuclei bond together to create more complex elements…
What happens when a star dies?
The star explodes in a supernova, where all elements formed i…
35 terms
Earth-Space Science: Astronomy
moon
albedo
maria
ejecta
Satellite orbiting around a heavenly body
The amount of sunlight that a surface reflects
Dark, smooth plains on the moon's surface
Material blasted out as a result of impact that fell back to…
moon
Satellite orbiting around a heavenly body
albedo
The amount of sunlight that a surface reflects
Earth-Space Science: Astronomy
moon
albedo
maria
ejecta
Satellite orbiting around a heavenly body
The amount of sunlight that a surface reflects
Dark, smooth plains on the moon's surface
Material blasted out as a result of impact that fell back to…
moon
Satellite orbiting around a heavenly body
albedo
The amount of sunlight that a surface reflects
15 terms
Astronomy-earth science 2
perihelion
aphelion
perigee
apogee
orbital point nearest the sun
The place in the Earth's orbit where Earth is farthest away f…
point of moon's orbit when it is nearest the earth; CF. apogee
farthest point from the earth in the orbit of a satellite
perihelion
orbital point nearest the sun
aphelion
The place in the Earth's orbit where Earth is farthest away f…
33 terms
Earth Science/Astronomy
north pole
prime meridian
latitude
longitude
the point on Earth located at 90 degrees north latitude, wher…
the imaginary line that divides the earth in the eastern and…
imaginary lines that run west to east and are used to measure…
Imaginary lines that run from the North to the South Pole & a…
north pole
the point on Earth located at 90 degrees north latitude, wher…
prime meridian
the imaginary line that divides the earth in the eastern and…
25 terms
Earth Science: Astronomy and Earth
polaris
picture of a boat that looks as if it…
gravity
atmosphere
the north star, stays in one position while other stars rotat…
moved along the earths curved surface
the force that pulls everything down to the earth (is stronge…
the air
polaris
the north star, stays in one position while other stars rotat…
picture of a boat that looks as if it…
moved along the earths curved surface
33 terms
Honors Earth Science Astronomy
What kind of spectrum is this?
Continuous spectra are produced from
What kind of spectrum is this?
Emission spectra are produced from
Continuous spectra
hot solids or dense gases
Emission spectra
hot gases
What kind of spectrum is this?
Continuous spectra
Continuous spectra are produced from
hot solids or dense gases
9 terms
Earth Science - Astronomy Unit
Rotation
Revolution
Perihelion
Aphelion
the spinning of a body, such as Earth, about its axis
the motion of one body about another, as Earth, about the sun
the point in the orbit of a planet where it is closest to the…
The place in the orbit of a planet where the planet is furthe…
Rotation
the spinning of a body, such as Earth, about its axis
Revolution
the motion of one body about another, as Earth, about the sun
30 terms
Earth Science and Geology MIL
Crust
Mantle
Outer Core
Inner Core
Relatively thin and rocky
Has the properties of a solid, but can flow very slowly
Made from liquid Nickel and Iron
Made from solid Nickel and Iron
Crust
Relatively thin and rocky
Mantle
Has the properties of a solid, but can flow very slowly
40 terms
CMS Earth Science Astronomy
Astronomy
Year
Month
Day
The study of all physical objects beyond Earth
The time required for the Earth to orbit the sun once
Roughly the time required for the moon to orbit the Earth once
The time required for the Earth to rotate once on its axis
Astronomy
The study of all physical objects beyond Earth
Year
The time required for the Earth to orbit the sun once
15 terms
Astronomy-earth science 2
perihelion
aphelion
perigee
apogee
orbital point nearest the sun
The place in the Earth's orbit where Earth is farthest away f…
point of moon's orbit when it is nearest the earth; CF. apogee
farthest point from the earth in the orbit of a satellite
perihelion
orbital point nearest the sun
aphelion
The place in the Earth's orbit where Earth is farthest away f…
26 terms
Earth Science - Astronomy
galaxy
planet
Mercury
Venus
a massive system made up of billions of stars, dust and gas c…
a celestial body moving in an elliptical orbit around a star
the closest planet to the sun
the second planet from the sun and is the second brightest ob…
galaxy
a massive system made up of billions of stars, dust and gas c…
planet
a celestial body moving in an elliptical orbit around a star
10 terms
Astronomy/Earth Science Test
Orbit
Order of Planets from the Sun
Gravity
Revolution
The path of an object as it revolves around another object in…
Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune
A force of attraction between objects that is due to their ma…
The movement of an object around another object.
Orbit
The path of an object as it revolves around another object in…
Order of Planets from the Sun
Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune
70 terms
Earth Science, Astronomy
Light Year
Speed of Light
Parsec
Astronomical Unit (AU)
Standard Distance in Astronomy. Light Year is a distance that…
186,000 miles per second.
3.24 Light Years
Distance Between Earth and the Sun. 93 Million miles, or 9 Li…
Light Year
Standard Distance in Astronomy. Light Year is a distance that…
Speed of Light
186,000 miles per second.
29 terms
AACS Earth Science: Astronomy
Seasons
Apehelion
Astronomy
Big Bang
the divisions of the year, and resulting weather changes caus…
The point in a planets orbit when it is farthest from the sun.
branch of science that deals with celestial objects, space an…
Theory that states that the universe started with a giant exp…
Seasons
the divisions of the year, and resulting weather changes caus…
Apehelion
The point in a planets orbit when it is farthest from the sun.
59 terms
Earth Science astronomy #1
the big bang theory
hubble's law
spiral galaxis
elliptical galaxis
theory that a dense ball of matter and gas expanded outward.
edwin hubble found evidence of doppler shift that supports th…
"disk like" with spiral arms, Mostly young stars
no arms, old stars, lens shaped
the big bang theory
theory that a dense ball of matter and gas expanded outward.
hubble's law
edwin hubble found evidence of doppler shift that supports th…
23 terms
Earth Science Words (Geology)
basalt
granite
rift
fossil evidence
A dark, dense, igneous rock with a fine texture, found in oce…
A usually light colored igneous rock that is found in contine…
A split, break, breach
Fossils have been discovered proving past life forms
basalt
A dark, dense, igneous rock with a fine texture, found in oce…
granite
A usually light colored igneous rock that is found in contine…
57 terms
Earth Science Astronomy vocab
Rotation
revolution
perihelion
aphelion
the spin of a body on its axis
the motion of a body that travels around another body in spac…
the point in the orbit of a planet at which the planet is the…
the point in the orbit of a planet at which the planet is the…
Rotation
the spin of a body on its axis
revolution
the motion of a body that travels around another body in spac…
24 terms
Grade 10 Earth Science Astronomy
asteroid
Big Bang Theory
celestial object
comet
a solid body, that has no atmosphere, and it orbits the sun
an idea that the universe started out with all its matter pac…
objects that you can see in the sky, but they are beyond the…
bodies made up of meteoroids packed in ice that revolve aroun…
asteroid
a solid body, that has no atmosphere, and it orbits the sun
Big Bang Theory
an idea that the universe started out with all its matter pac…
45 terms
Astronomy Unit Test- Earth Science
tides
heliocentric
apparent diameter
March 21 Sun Path
the regular rise and fall of the ocean's surface influenced b…
A model of the solar system in which Earth and the other plan…
The Sun looks bigger than other stars because it is closer
rises due east, sets due west, peaks at 40-50 degrees in NYS
tides
the regular rise and fall of the ocean's surface influenced b…
heliocentric
A model of the solar system in which Earth and the other plan…
34 terms
Earth Science/Astronomy
north pole
prime meridian
latitude
longitude
the point on Earth located at 90 degrees north latitude, wher…
the imaginary line that divides the earth in the eastern and…
imaginary lines that run west to east and are used to measure…
Imaginary lines that run from the North to the South Pole & a…
north pole
the point on Earth located at 90 degrees north latitude, wher…
prime meridian
the imaginary line that divides the earth in the eastern and…
26 terms
Earth Science Astronomy
Axis of rotation
Revolution
Duration of insolation
New York State has several more hours…
Rotation is movement around an axis. Earth rotates every *2…
An object traveling around another on a set orbit. Earth revo…
The length of time daylight is received at a location during…
Earth rotates on its axis and revolves around the sun. This a…
Axis of rotation
Rotation is movement around an axis. Earth rotates every *2…
Revolution
An object traveling around another on a set orbit. Earth revo…
97 terms
Earth Science Astronomy unit
astronomy
the universe is ____
how do we know the universe is expandi…
all matter and energy in the universe…
branch of science that deals with celestial objects, space, a…
expanding
because all galaxies are moving away from earth(because of th…
13.8
astronomy
branch of science that deals with celestial objects, space, a…
the universe is ____
expanding
20 terms
Earth, Sun & Moon :: Astronomy :: Earth Science
solar system
orbit
revolve
rotate
The sun is at the center with 8 planets that revolve around it.
The circular path an object takes around another (revolution).
The circles represent Earth moving around the Sun as the moon…
To spin on an axis take one day; 24 hours; night and day.
solar system
The sun is at the center with 8 planets that revolve around it.
orbit
The circular path an object takes around another (revolution).
95 terms
earth science astronomy
luminosity
suns luminosity and temperature
direct relationship in the sky
sirius
the brightness of stars in comparison to our sun
luminosity is 1, temperature is 5,500k
as the temperature increases, the brightness increases. the c…
brightest and hottest star in the sky
luminosity
the brightness of stars in comparison to our sun
suns luminosity and temperature
luminosity is 1, temperature is 5,500k
50 terms
earth science astronomy
star
solar system
galaxy
universe
a gas ball that emits energy... -huge gaseous sphere that emits…
a star of planets that orbit it
groups of billions of stars
everything in space ... includes (galaxies ,dark matter(60 hexil…
star
a gas ball that emits energy... -huge gaseous sphere that emits…
solar system
a star of planets that orbit it
15 terms
Earth Science - Geology
Basaltic Rocks... (Igneous)
Granitic Rocks... (Igneous)
Andesitic Rocks... (Igneous)
Porphyritic Rocks... (Igneous)
Dark, heavy, dense
Light colored, light weight
Mix of light & dark colors
Has both large & small grains
Basaltic Rocks... (Igneous)
Dark, heavy, dense
Granitic Rocks... (Igneous)
Light colored, light weight
12 terms
Earth Science Astronomy Vocab
Order of Increasing Size
Star Life Cycle
Asteroids
Nuclear Fusion
The order of smaller objects in the universe to the universe…
The order of the star growing from when it is formed to when…
Small rocky celestial bodies found between the Mars and Jupit…
The reaction where two hydrogen atoms join and make a single…
Order of Increasing Size
The order of smaller objects in the universe to the universe…
Star Life Cycle
The order of the star growing from when it is formed to when…
28 terms
Earth/Environmental Science - Astronomy
Universe
Galaxy
Rotation
Revolution
Everything, All of space, stars, planets, etc.
A system of millions/billions stars all together, gas and dus…
The process of turning or circling around something. Ex: The…
Movement of one object around a center or another object. Ex:…
Universe
Everything, All of space, stars, planets, etc.
Galaxy
A system of millions/billions stars all together, gas and dus…
10 terms
EARTH SCIENCE AND GEOLOGY
Magma
Lava
Plate Tectonics
Subduction
hot fluid or semi-fluid material below or within the earth's…
hot molten or semi-fluid rock erupted from a volcano or fissu…
a theory explaining the structure of the earth's crust and ma…
the sideways and downward movement of the edge of a plate of…
Magma
hot fluid or semi-fluid material below or within the earth's…
Lava
hot molten or semi-fluid rock erupted from a volcano or fissu…
144 terms
Earth Science & Geology
Metamorphic Rock
Metamorphic
Sedimentary rock
Igneous Rock
Rock that was once one form of rock but has changed to anothe…
Anthracite is a _______________ rock.
Rock that has formed through the deposition and solidificatio…
Formed through the cooling and solidification of magma or lava.
Metamorphic Rock
Rock that was once one form of rock but has changed to anothe…
Metamorphic
Anthracite is a _______________ rock.
Earth Science - ASTRONOMY QUIZZES
Refracting Telescope
Reflecting Telescope
Radio Telescope
Orbit
A telescope that uses a convex lens to concentrate light from…
A telescope that uses a curved mirror to concentrate light fr…
Collects radio waves and some microwaves using an antenna tha…
The path an object follows as it moves around another object
Refracting Telescope
A telescope that uses a convex lens to concentrate light from…
Reflecting Telescope
A telescope that uses a curved mirror to concentrate light fr…
26 terms
Earth Science Astronomy
Axis of rotation
Revolution
Duration of insolation
New York State has several more hours…
Rotation is movement around an axis. Earth rotates every *2…
An object traveling around another on a set orbit. Earth revo…
The length of time daylight is received at a location during…
Earth rotates on its axis and revolves around the sun. This a…
Axis of rotation
Rotation is movement around an axis. Earth rotates every *2…
Revolution
An object traveling around another on a set orbit. Earth revo…
15 terms
Earth Science Midterm (Astronomy)
Nebular Hypothesis S
Nebular Hypothesis N
Nebular Hypothesis A
Nebular Hypothesis P
Star explodes
Nebula forms.
Accretion disk forms.
Proto planets form.
Nebular Hypothesis S
Star explodes
Nebular Hypothesis N
Nebula forms.
36 terms
Earth science geology vocab
cartography
latitude
longitude
latitude
the science of map-making
flat horizontal lines on a globe
vertical lines on a globe
lines that measure degrees north and south of the equator
cartography
the science of map-making
latitude
flat horizontal lines on a globe
1,365 terms
Science Bowl Astronomy and Earth Science
Albedo
Aphelion
Apogee
Astronomical Unit (AU)
Amount of sunlight that is reflected by the surface of a plan…
The point in an orbit in which an object is at its farthest p…
The point in an orbit in which an object is at its farthest p…
Mean distance from the Earth to the Sun.
Albedo
Amount of sunlight that is reflected by the surface of a plan…
Aphelion
The point in an orbit in which an object is at its farthest p…
34 terms
Astronomy and Earth Science Unit Exam
Mercury
Venus
Earth
Mars
The first planet from the sun.... The smallest planet in our sol…
The second planet from the sun.... The hottest planet in our sol…
The third planet from the sun.... The only known planet with lif…
The fourth planet from the sun.... The second smallest planet.... K…
Mercury
The first planet from the sun.... The smallest planet in our sol…
Venus
The second planet from the sun.... The hottest planet in our sol…
Geology: Earth Science
explain the asthenosphere
explain the lithosphere
mantle
what is the main cause of the differen…
weak, hot, detached from lithosphere
crust plus upper mantle.
upper: rigid... middle: weak... lower: strong... lithosphere... asthenosp…
The density of oceanic crust causes it to sink in relation to…
explain the asthenosphere
weak, hot, detached from lithosphere
explain the lithosphere
crust plus upper mantle.
16 terms
Earth Science - Geology Unit
Classify
Characteristic
Composition
Crystal
...the division of rocks and minerals into groups, or classes…
...The description of an item, mineral, or rock in geology
...the chemical makeup of a rock; describes either the minera…
a solid formed by the solidification of a chemical and having…
Classify
...the division of rocks and minerals into groups, or classes…
Characteristic
...The description of an item, mineral, or rock in geology
10 terms
Earth Science Astronomy
Which type of radiation has the shorte…
The energy of a photon is related to i…
As light passes through a prism, which…
which type of telescope uses a concave…
gamma rays
wavelength
violet
reflecting
Which type of radiation has the shorte…
gamma rays
The energy of a photon is related to i…
wavelength
46 terms
Earth Science SOL Review (Astronomy)
The Earths's Tilt at 23.5 degrees is
When the Hemisphere is tilted toward t…
Area around the _____get most of the d…
3rd planet from the sun (inner, rocky…
the (reason for the seasons)
summer
equator
Earth
The Earths's Tilt at 23.5 degrees is
the (reason for the seasons)
When the Hemisphere is tilted toward t…
summer
58 terms
Earth Science Astronomy
Spring/ Fall 90°N (North Pole)
Spring/ Fall 66.5°N (Arctic Circle)
Spring/ Fall 41 °N (Suffern)
Spring/ Fall 23.5°N (Tropic of Cancer)
12 hours of daylight
12 hours of daylight
12 hours of daylight
12 hours of daylight
Spring/ Fall 90°N (North Pole)
12 hours of daylight
Spring/ Fall 66.5°N (Arctic Circle)
12 hours of daylight
10 terms
Earth Science: Astronomy
Axis
Constellations
Coriolis effect
Solar eclipse
The imaginary line that runs from the north to South Pole whi…
A group of stars that form a pattern in the sky and are used…
The deflection of matter moving at Earth's surface to the rig…
When the moon revolves in front of the sun and casts a shadow…
Axis
The imaginary line that runs from the north to South Pole whi…
Constellations
A group of stars that form a pattern in the sky and are used…
28 terms
Houmard Earth Science Astronomy
Celestial Body
Ellipse
Mercury
Planet
Stars and Planets
An oval shaped path
The first planet from the sun
A celestial body moving in an elliptical orbit
Celestial Body
Stars and Planets
Ellipse
An oval shaped path
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