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Study sets matching "term:electrical = signaling that controls ion grates for nerve and tissue."

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Study sets matching "term:electrical = signaling that controls ion grates for nerve and tissue."

36 terms
Nerve Tissue
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
Neurons
Neuroglia
consists of brain and spinal cord
consists of nerves and groups of nerve cells that form gangli…
specialized for conduction of electrical impulses
neuron supporting cells
Central Nervous System (CNS)
consists of brain and spinal cord
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
consists of nerves and groups of nerve cells that form gangli…
19 terms
Biology Section 17.2: Specialized Tissue in Animals
Nervous tissue
Neuron
Dendrite
Axon
the tissue responsible for regulating, controlling and transm…
a nerve cell that processes and transmits information through…
a branched appendage attached to a neuron's cell body that re…
a long tail extending away from a cell body through which imp…
Nervous tissue
the tissue responsible for regulating, controlling and transm…
Neuron
a nerve cell that processes and transmits information through…
111 terms
Chapter 16: Nervous Tissue
structures that make up the nervous sy…
What structures are in the CNS?
What structures are in the PNS?
The brain stem merges with the spinal…
brain... cranial nerves and their branches... spinal cord... spinal ne…
brain and spinal cord
cranial nerves and their branches... spinal nerves and their bra…
foramen magnum
structures that make up the nervous sy…
brain... cranial nerves and their branches... spinal cord... spinal ne…
What structures are in the CNS?
brain and spinal cord
33 terms
12.3 Electrical signals in neurons
Two types of neuron electrical signals
Graded potentials
Action potentials
Nerve action potential (nerve impulse)
graded potentials & action potentials
used for short-distance communication only
allow communication over long distances within the body
an action potential that occurs in a neuron
Two types of neuron electrical signals
graded potentials & action potentials
Graded potentials
used for short-distance communication only
125 terms
Nerve Tissue
Neuron
Neuroglia
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Large cells, transmit/generate messages in the form of nerve…
a class of cells in the brain and spinal cord that form a sup…
`
Neuron
Large cells, transmit/generate messages in the form of nerve…
Neuroglia
a class of cells in the brain and spinal cord that form a sup…
33 terms
Nervous tissue and neurotransmission CFA
action potential
astrocytes
autonomic
axon
electrical event that occurs when enough stimulus is applied…
glial cell that anchors neuron to blood supply in CNS
involuntary division of PNS regulates cardiac, smooth muscle…
sends signal away from neuron
action potential
electrical event that occurs when enough stimulus is applied…
astrocytes
glial cell that anchors neuron to blood supply in CNS
Ch 11 - Nervous Tissue Structure and Signaling
Endocrine system
Nervous system
2 major anatomical subdivisions
Central Nervous system (CNS)
chemical messengers (hormones) delivered to the bloodstream
1. Sense organs receive information... 2. Brain and spinal cord…
Central Nervous system (CNS)... Peripheral Nervous system (PNS)
Brain and spinal cord enclosed in bony coverings
Endocrine system
chemical messengers (hormones) delivered to the bloodstream
Nervous system
1. Sense organs receive information... 2. Brain and spinal cord…
26 terms
Nervous Tissue and Brain
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Neuroglia
Astrocyte
brain and spinal cord
nerves that connect CNS with the rest of the body
most abundant nerve cell in CNS; support neurons
"star cell"; forms protective barrier around neurons of CNS
Central Nervous System
brain and spinal cord
Peripheral Nervous System
nerves that connect CNS with the rest of the body
33 terms
Ion Channels and Electrical Signaling
Electrical signaling
Selectivity filters
How are ion channels controlled?
Membrane potential
Uses opening and closing of ion channels to change the membra…
Filters on ion channels that shapes the opening to fit only a…
Ion channel flows are controlled by gates on the channels whe…
The voltage of the cytoplasm of the cell
Electrical signaling
Uses opening and closing of ion channels to change the membra…
Selectivity filters
Filters on ion channels that shapes the opening to fit only a…
27 terms
Nervous system
neuron
axon
dendrite
soma (cell body)
specialized type of cell transmitting a signal; making up ner…
single output extension of the neuron to transmit the electri…
multiple extensions of the soma or cell body to receive input
largest portion of the neuron that is the location of the maj…
neuron
specialized type of cell transmitting a signal; making up ner…
axon
single output extension of the neuron to transmit the electri…
25 terms
The nerve of DJ
Axon
dendrite
PNS
CNS
the long part of a neuron that carries nerve impulses away fr…
the finger like structure that receives the electrical message
Peripheral nervous system is a division of the nervous system…
Central Nervous System
Axon
the long part of a neuron that carries nerve impulses away fr…
dendrite
the finger like structure that receives the electrical message
101 terms
Neurons and Electrical Signaling
Why is communication important
What two regulatory systems of the bod…
brain is the
what kind of tissue are nerves and wha…
for maintaing homeostasis
nervous system (rapid)... endocrine system (slow)... the hypothala…
control center
excitable tissue ... -they undergo rapid changes in their membra…
Why is communication important
for maintaing homeostasis
What two regulatory systems of the bod…
nervous system (rapid)... endocrine system (slow)... the hypothala…
22 terms
11.1C 2nervous system action potential definitions
Nervous system
Reflex arc
synapse
myelin sheath
The network of nerve cells and fibres which transmits nerve i…
The nerve pathway involved in a reflex action, including at i…
A junction between two nerve cells, consisting of a minute ga…
The myelin sheath is a protective covering that surrounds fib…
Nervous system
The network of nerve cells and fibres which transmits nerve i…
Reflex arc
The nerve pathway involved in a reflex action, including at i…
17 terms
Nervous system
nervous system
neuron
motor neuron
sensory neuron
the body's electrical communication network consisting of ner…
nerve cell
nerve cell that transmits impulses from the CNS to effectors
transmits impulses from sensory receptors to other neurons
nervous system
the body's electrical communication network consisting of ner…
neuron
nerve cell
22 terms
10.2a 2nervous system definitions
Nervous system
Reflex arc
synapse
myelin sheath
The network of nerve cells and fibres which transmits nerve i…
The nerve pathway involved in a reflex action, including at i…
A junction between two nerve cells, consisting of a minute ga…
The myelin sheath is a protective covering that surrounds fib…
Nervous system
The network of nerve cells and fibres which transmits nerve i…
Reflex arc
The nerve pathway involved in a reflex action, including at i…
17 terms
11.1C nervous system definitions
Nervous system
Reflex arc
synapse
diffusion
The network of nerve cells and fibres which transmits nerve i…
The nerve pathway involved in a reflex action, including at i…
A junction between two nerve cells, consisting of a minute ga…
Diffusion is the action of molecules moving from an area of h…
Nervous system
The network of nerve cells and fibres which transmits nerve i…
Reflex arc
The nerve pathway involved in a reflex action, including at i…
30 terms
The Nervous System and Nerve Signaling (AP Bio)
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Autonomic Nervous System
Sympathetic System
The portion of the nervous system consisting of the brain and…
The portion of the nervous system consisting of neurons proje…
The portion of the nervous system that controls involuntary a…
The portion of the autonomic nervous system that works to exc…
Central Nervous System
The portion of the nervous system consisting of the brain and…
Peripheral Nervous System
The portion of the nervous system consisting of neurons proje…
16 terms
Chapter 3 Tissues: Nervous and Muscle Tissues Description, Function and Location
Nervous Tissue Description
Nervous Tissue Function
Nervous Tissue Location
Nervous Tissue
Cell processes that may be quite long extend from the nucleus…
Transmit electrical signals from sensory receptors to effecto…
Brain, spinal cord, and nerves
Nervous Tissue Description
Cell processes that may be quite long extend from the nucleus…
Nervous Tissue Function
Transmit electrical signals from sensory receptors to effecto…
16 terms
Chapter 3 Tissues: Nervous and Muscle Tissues
Nervous Tissue Description
Nervous Tissue Funciton
Nervous Tissue Location
Nervous Tissue
1. Cell processes that may be quite long extend from the nucl…
Transmit electrical signals from sensory receptors and to eff…
Brain, spinal cord, and nerves
Nervous Tissue Description
1. Cell processes that may be quite long extend from the nucl…
Nervous Tissue Funciton
Transmit electrical signals from sensory receptors and to eff…
55 terms
Nerve Tissue
Sensory (afferent) division
Integrative nerves
Motor (efferent) nerves
Cranial nerves
Carries signals from various receptors to the CNS.
Lie entirely within the CNS. Recieve signals from many other…
Carries signals from the CNS to the gland and muscle cells th…
Nerves that do not extend from the vertebrae; control and sen…
Sensory (afferent) division
Carries signals from various receptors to the CNS.
Integrative nerves
Lie entirely within the CNS. Recieve signals from many other…
95 terms
NERVE NEURONS
neurons
sensory neurons
motor neurons
innervation
"excitable cells;" The cells that make up the nervous system…
the diverse group of cells specialized for the detection of v…
transmit signals from the CNS to the muscles or glands they i…
he neural or electrical arousal of an organ or muscle or glan…
neurons
"excitable cells;" The cells that make up the nervous system…
sensory neurons
the diverse group of cells specialized for the detection of v…
50 terms
Introduction to Neuroscience
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
"Reticular Theory"
"Neuron Doctrine"
Protected inside a bony skull and vertebral column.... Brain an…
Extends beyond the bony skull and vertebral column; carries s…
Camillo Golgi... Nerves cells create continuous network, commun…
Santiago Ramon y Cajal... Charles Sherrington... Neurons are discr…
Central Nervous System
Protected inside a bony skull and vertebral column.... Brain an…
Peripheral Nervous System
Extends beyond the bony skull and vertebral column; carries s…
55 terms
Ch 11- Nervous Tissue Synaptic Signaling and Disease
Synapse
Electrical synapses
Chemical synapses
Axodendritic synapse
a structure that permits a neuron to pass an electrical or ch…
Gap junctions conduct signal directly between cytoplasm (*car…
- First neuron releases neurotransmitter onto second neuron t…
synapses between the axon endings of one neuron and the *de…
Synapse
a structure that permits a neuron to pass an electrical or ch…
Electrical synapses
Gap junctions conduct signal directly between cytoplasm (*car…
12 terms
Body Systems
cerebrum
cerebellum
brain stem
skull
largest part of the brain, consisting of two halves and servi…
coordinates voluntary movements, posture, and balance; locate…
the stalklike part of the brain that is located at the base;…
The skeleton bone of the head that encloses and protects the…
cerebrum
largest part of the brain, consisting of two halves and servi…
cerebellum
coordinates voluntary movements, posture, and balance; locate…
30 terms
PLTW: HBS - 2.2 neurons
Action Potential
Axon
Dendrite
Ion
A momentary reversal in electrical potential across a plasma…
A usually long and single nerve-cell process that usually con…
Any of the usually branching protoplasmic processes that cond…
An atom or group of atoms that carries a positive or negative…
Action Potential
A momentary reversal in electrical potential across a plasma…
Axon
A usually long and single nerve-cell process that usually con…
23 terms
Nervous system
nervous system
neuron
motor neuron
sensory neuron
the body's electrical communication network consisting of ner…
nerve cell
nerve cell that transmits impulses from the CNS to effectors
transmits impulses from sensory receptors to other neurons
nervous system
the body's electrical communication network consisting of ner…
neuron
nerve cell
27 terms
Neurons and nervous system intro
Central nervous system
Peripheral nervous system
Somatic nervous system
Autonomic nervous system
Consists of the brain and spinal cord
Consists of all the nerves and ganglia that lie outside the C…
Sensory and motor functions that control skeletal muscle that…
Controls smooth muscles, cardiac muscles and glands.... Monitors…
Central nervous system
Consists of the brain and spinal cord
Peripheral nervous system
Consists of all the nerves and ganglia that lie outside the C…
56 terms
Nerve tissue
Dendrites
Soma
Axon
synapses
receive signal sfrom other neurons
metabolic center
carries signals in the form of nerve impulses
Sites of communication between 2 neurons
Dendrites
receive signal sfrom other neurons
Soma
metabolic center
42 terms
Nerve Tissue function
Three sensory functions
Sensory Input
Integration
Motor Output
1.) Sensory Input... 2.) Integration... 3.) Motor Output
Sensing a thing
When your brain plots what to do with the sensory input
the response that occurs when your nervous system activates a…
Three sensory functions
1.) Sensory Input... 2.) Integration... 3.) Motor Output
Sensory Input
Sensing a thing
107 terms
Unit 3 All Vocab
Phrenology
Neuron
Dendrites
Axon
Francis Gall's 1800s theory that bumps on the skull reveal so…
nerve cell, basic building block of nervous system
neuron's bushy branching extensions that receive messages and…
neuron extension that passes electrical messages to other neu…
Phrenology
Francis Gall's 1800s theory that bumps on the skull reveal so…
Neuron
nerve cell, basic building block of nervous system
28 terms
Myology-Muscle Contraction
Actin
Myosin
Somatic neuron
Axon
thin myofibril
thick myofibril
efferent motor nerve
the long threadlike part of a nerve cell along which impulses…
Actin
thin myofibril
Myosin
thick myofibril
22 terms
Human Nervous System
Nervous System
Neuron
Brain
Spinal cord
the network of nerve cells and fibers that transmits nerve im…
a specialized cell transmitting nerve impulses; a nerve cell.
an organ of soft nervous tissue contained in the skull of ver…
the cylindrical bundle of nerve fibers and associated tissue…
Nervous System
the network of nerve cells and fibers that transmits nerve im…
Neuron
a specialized cell transmitting nerve impulses; a nerve cell.
27 terms
Chapter 4: Brain and Nerves
spinal cord
neurons
dendrites
synapses
thick bundle of nerves that runs from the brain, down the spi…
bundles of special cells that transmit information through el…
receive information and transmit it to the neuron's body
a gap between the end of one nerve cell and the beginning of…
spinal cord
thick bundle of nerves that runs from the brain, down the spi…
neurons
bundles of special cells that transmit information through el…
19 terms
Nerve and Muscle Tissue and Membranes
Nervous Tissue
Skeletal Muscle
Cardiac Muscle
Smooth Muscle
Nervous Tissue
Skeletal Muscle
130 terms
IFP NEURO
What does the nervous system do for us
Label neurone
Nerves cells are
What do neurons do
Control of the body in communication... fast control of the func…
neurones
- contain all of the normal machinery of life
What does the nervous system do for us
Control of the body in communication... fast control of the func…
Label neurone
10 terms
Muscle and nervous tissue
Muscle tissues
Skeletal tissue
Function: voluntary movement, locomoti…
Cardiac muscle tissue
Highly cellular, vascularized tissues that are responsible fo…
Function:... Location:
Muscle tissues
Highly cellular, vascularized tissues that are responsible fo…
Skeletal tissue
14 terms
Nervous System
nervous system
homeostasis
brain
cerebrum
The brain and spinal cord, plus all of the neurons traveling…
Maintaining the body in a stable condition. Example: regulati…
The mass of nerve tissue located in the cranium that is the m…
Largest part of the brain; coordinates voluntary actions like…
nervous system
The brain and spinal cord, plus all of the neurons traveling…
homeostasis
Maintaining the body in a stable condition. Example: regulati…
9 terms
A/H ANATOMY: TYPES OF TISSUE
Bone Tissue
Nervous Tissue
Adipose Tissue
Loose Connective Tissue
Location: bones... Function: support/protection, provides le…
Location: brain, spinal cord, nerves... Function: transmit e…
Location: under skin, around kidneys/eyeballs, within abdom…
Location: lymphoid organs... Function: fibers form a soft in…
Bone Tissue
Location: bones... Function: support/protection, provides le…
Nervous Tissue
Location: brain, spinal cord, nerves... Function: transmit e…
11 terms
Nervous System Vocabulary
brain
nerves
spinal cord
nervous system
the organ located in the cranium (skull) that controls the me…
bundles of fiber that carry impulses from the brain to other…
cord of nerve tissue extending through the spine and protecte…
ensures that different systems of your body are coordinated,…
brain
the organ located in the cranium (skull) that controls the me…
nerves
bundles of fiber that carry impulses from the brain to other…
57 terms
Bio Nervous System vocabulary flashcards
Neuron
Axon
Dendrite
Axon Terminal
Typically consist of a cell body, which contains a nucleus an…
A long, slender projection of a nerve cell that typically con…
Tree like fashion structures that serve as the main apparatus…
The somewhat enlarged, often club- shaped endings by which ax…
Neuron
Typically consist of a cell body, which contains a nucleus an…
Axon
A long, slender projection of a nerve cell that typically con…
33 terms
Neural Communication
Neurons
Sensory Neurons
Motor Neurons
Interneurons
Nerve Cells; the basic building block of the nervous system
Carry incoming messages from the sensory receptors of the bod…
Carry outgoing messages from the brain and spinal cord to the…
Nurons located inside the brain and spinal cord that communic…
Neurons
Nerve Cells; the basic building block of the nervous system
Sensory Neurons
Carry incoming messages from the sensory receptors of the bod…
49 terms
Epithelial Review
Epithelial Tissue
Tissue
Epithelial Cells
Connective Tissue
tissue that covers exposed surfaces, lines passageways, and f…
collections of cells and cell products that perform specific,…
cells that cover and line body organs
tissue that fills internal spaces, supports other tissues, tr…
Epithelial Tissue
tissue that covers exposed surfaces, lines passageways, and f…
Tissue
collections of cells and cell products that perform specific,…
Neuron Signaling and the Brain-Kinchington B&B
Neuron
Brain
Cell Body
Dendrite
nerve cell
organ that controls the body
contains the organelles and nucleus, part of cell
branches that receive signals and send to axon
Neuron
nerve cell
Brain
organ that controls the body
93 terms
Ch 11 cell signaling
Direct contact
Gap junctions
Plasmodesmata
Synaptic signaling
In animals:... Cell proteins, carbohydrates, and lipids of the p…
In animals:... .Allow for chemical and electrical signaling betw…
In plants:... .tunnels of cytoplasm between cells... .passageway fo…
When a nerve cell releases neurotransmitter molecules into a…
Direct contact
In animals:... Cell proteins, carbohydrates, and lipids of the p…
Gap junctions
In animals:... .Allow for chemical and electrical signaling betw…
13 terms
Ch 11: Histology of Nervous Tissue
Nervous tissue
nervous tissue
nervous tissue
motor neuron processes
description: neurons are branching cells; cell processes that…
function: transmit electrical signals from sensory receptors…
location: brain, spinal cord, and nerves
(not center arrow)
Nervous tissue
description: neurons are branching cells; cell processes that…
nervous tissue
function: transmit electrical signals from sensory receptors…
36 terms
Unit 7 - Human Body Systems - DiRienzo
muscle tissue
nerve tissue
epithelial tissue
connective tissue
contracts to pull on bones, pumps heart, pushes food through…
transmits electrical signals to control body functions (INSID…
protective covering and germ barrier - skin (OUTSIDE BODY)
provides support for your body and connects all parts (INSIDE…
muscle tissue
contracts to pull on bones, pumps heart, pushes food through…
nerve tissue
transmits electrical signals to control body functions (INSID…
60 terms
NEURO 10-6-16: Nerve Cell Plasticity: Damage and Response in the Human Nervous System
Cell types (2)
Neurons
Neuroglial Cells
Astrocytes (CNS)
Neurons... Neuroglial Cells
Excitation & inhibition impulses generated through electrical…
Provide structural support and protection... Present in gray an…
line external surface of brain & blood vessels (regulate tran…
Cell types (2)
Neurons... Neuroglial Cells
Neurons
Excitation & inhibition impulses generated through electrical…
14 terms
29.1 Organ Systems Communicating & 29.2 Neurons
nervous system
endocrine system
stimulus
central nervous system
physically connected network of cells, tissues, and organs th…
collection of physically disconnected organs that helps to co…
anything that triggers a response
interprets messages from other nerves in the body and stores…
nervous system
physically connected network of cells, tissues, and organs th…
endocrine system
collection of physically disconnected organs that helps to co…
17 terms
Tissue Functions
Adipose
Hyaline Cartilage
Simple Columnar Epithelium
Stratified Squamous Epithelium
connecting tissue that also stores fat and is involved in the…
strong but flexible and elastic cells that help support struc…
single layer of cells found in the lining of respiratory and…
Multiple layers of cells found in the epidermis, mouth and es…
Adipose
connecting tissue that also stores fat and is involved in the…
Hyaline Cartilage
strong but flexible and elastic cells that help support struc…
24 terms
Nervous system
nervous system
neuron
motor neuron
sensory neuron
the body's electrical communication network consisting of ner…
nerve cell
nerve cell that transmits impulses from the CNS to effectors
transmits impulses from sensory receptors to other neurons
nervous system
the body's electrical communication network consisting of ner…
neuron
nerve cell
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