Study sets matching "term:endocrine systems = these two systems control and coordinate the 50 trillion cells in a human"

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Study sets matching "term:endocrine systems = these two systems control and coordinate the 50 trillion cells in a human"

34 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology Nervous and Endocrine Systems
central nervous system (CNS)
peripheral nervous system (PNS)
brain
spinal cord
It has two parts - the brain and the spinal cord.
This sysstem spreads out from the CNS, going to the outer edg…
The three parts of the brain are the cerebrum, cerebellum and…
part of the CNS and the connection to the PNS
central nervous system (CNS)
It has two parts - the brain and the spinal cord.
peripheral nervous system (PNS)
This sysstem spreads out from the CNS, going to the outer edg…
11 terms
7.2 - The endocrine system simple
hypothalamus
pituitary
thyroid
adrenal
hypothalamus
pituitary
16 terms
Year 9 Chemical control: Endocrine system
Adrenal glands
Adrenalin
Antidiuretic hormone (ADH)
Endocrine glands
endocrine glands situated on the kidneys.
the common name for the hormone epinephrine.
a hormone that controls the amount of urine produced by the b…
glands that produce hormones.
Adrenal glands
endocrine glands situated on the kidneys.
Adrenalin
the common name for the hormone epinephrine.
29 terms
Lesson 9 - the Nervous and Endocrine Systems
central nervous system
cerebrum
cerebellum
brainstem
has 2 parts, the brain and the spinal card
the largest part of the brain, where most of your thinking an…
means little cerebrum, controls the complex muscle movements
connects the brain to the spinal cord, controls your breathin…
central nervous system
has 2 parts, the brain and the spinal card
cerebrum
the largest part of the brain, where most of your thinking an…
17 terms
7.2 - The endocrine system definitions
pancreas
adrenaline
thyroxine
insulin
What is the hormone produced by the adrenal gland?
What is the hormone produced by the thyroid
decreases blood sugar
pancreas
adrenaline
What is the hormone produced by the adrenal gland?
7 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Lesson 9 Endocrine System
Adrenal Gland
Thyroid Gland
Hormones
Pituitary Gland
the glands that release the hormone epinephrine (the hormone…
the gland located on the front of the neck that produces a ho…
chemicals produced in your glands that travel in the blood st…
the gland in your brain that is the central controller for ma…
Adrenal Gland
the glands that release the hormone epinephrine (the hormone…
Thyroid Gland
the gland located on the front of the neck that produces a ho…
28 terms
Endocrine
Pituitary gland
Thyroid gland
Parathyroid glands
Thymus
1. Tiny structure size of grape... 2. Located at base of brain…
1. Butterfly-shaped mass of tissue... 2. On either side of laryn…
1. Four glands, each the size of a grain of rice... 2. Attached…
1. Endocrine gland and lymphatic organ... 2. Located behind ster…
Pituitary gland
1. Tiny structure size of grape... 2. Located at base of brain…
Thyroid gland
1. Butterfly-shaped mass of tissue... 2. On either side of laryn…
52 terms
Nervous system and endocrine system
sensory division
motor division
two divisions of the peripheral nervou…
somatic nervous system
carries sensory information from the body to the central nerv…
carries nerve impulses from the central nervous system to the…
Sensory division and the motor division
controls voluntary activities nerves are connected to skeleta…
sensory division
carries sensory information from the body to the central nerv…
motor division
carries nerve impulses from the central nervous system to the…
21 terms
Unit 2A: Human Body Systems
Circulatory System Function
Digestive System Function
Muscular System Function
Skeletal System Function
Transports and carries blood around the body to supply cells…
Breaks down food into smaller molecules that the body can use…
Allows the body to move, provides strength, support, posture…
Provides structure, support and protection for organs, known…
Circulatory System Function
Transports and carries blood around the body to supply cells…
Digestive System Function
Breaks down food into smaller molecules that the body can use…
29 terms
Organ Systems
Nervous System
Nervous System
Cardiovascular System
Cardiovascular System
brain, spinal cord, & nerves
controls and coordinates the body's responses to internal and…
heart, blood, & blood vessels
Transportation system of the body
Nervous System
brain, spinal cord, & nerves
Nervous System
controls and coordinates the body's responses to internal and…
32 terms
Organ Systems of the Human Body
Integumentary System structures/organs
-barrier against infection... -regulates…
Skeletal System structures/organs
- supports the body... - protects interna…
- skin... - hair... - nails... - sweat & oil glands... - sensory receptors
Integumentary System's functions
- bones... - ligaments... - cartilage ... - joints
Skeletal System's functions
Integumentary System structures/organs
- skin... - hair... - nails... - sweat & oil glands... - sensory receptors
-barrier against infection... -regulates…
Integumentary System's functions
11 terms
Body Systems
Integumentary
Muscular system
Skeletal System
Nervous System
Includes skin, hair, and nails. Protects the internal body fr…
Movement of and through the body.
Support and protection.
Fast acting control system; provides communication throughout…
Integumentary
Includes skin, hair, and nails. Protects the internal body fr…
Muscular system
Movement of and through the body.
24 terms
Endocrine
Pituitary gland
Thyroid gland
Parathyroid glands
Thymus
1. Tiny structure size of grape... 2. Connected to hypothalamus…
1. Two lobes connected by the isthmus... 2. On either side of la…
1. Four glands, each the size of a grain of rice... 2. Attached…
1. Endocrine gland and lymphatic organ... 2. Located behind ster…
Pituitary gland
1. Tiny structure size of grape... 2. Connected to hypothalamus…
Thyroid gland
1. Two lobes connected by the isthmus... 2. On either side of la…
15 terms
7.2 and 7.3 simple
pituitary
adrenal
pancreas
nervous
Controls other endocrine glands. Called the master gland.
releases adrenaline in your body.
Regulates blood sugar levels.
the brain is part of the n______ system
pituitary
Controls other endocrine glands. Called the master gland.
adrenal
releases adrenaline in your body.
30 terms
Organ Systems
Nervous System
Nervous System
Cardiovascular System
Cardiovascular System
brain, spinal cord, & nerves
controls and coordinates the body's responses to internal and…
heart, blood, & blood vessels
Transportation system of the body
Nervous System
brain, spinal cord, & nerves
Nervous System
controls and coordinates the body's responses to internal and…
Endocrine System
Direct Communication
gap junctions
paracrine communication
local hormones
- fastest but rarest type of communication... - uses *gap juncti…
two cells held together by a channel protein called a connexon
- movement of hormones through extracellular fluid... - uses c…
a hormone that stays in the same area that it was secreted from
Direct Communication
- fastest but rarest type of communication... - uses *gap juncti…
gap junctions
two cells held together by a channel protein called a connexon
12 terms
EMS Life Science Unit 5 Human Body Systems
ENDOCRINE SYSTEM
NERVOUS SYSTEM
SKELETAL SYSTEM
CIRCULATORY SYSTEM
controls body fluid balance, growth and sexual development
Gathers information from the body's environment and coordinat…
Supports and protects the body
transports blood, which carries oxygen and nutrients to the c…
ENDOCRINE SYSTEM
controls body fluid balance, growth and sexual development
NERVOUS SYSTEM
Gathers information from the body's environment and coordinat…
62 terms
Endocrine System
Endocrine System
Effects of the endocrine system
Endocrine glands
Circulating hormones
controls body activities by reducing chemical messages called…
-alters metabolism... -regulates growth and development... -regulat…
small, widely separated, ductless, well vascularized, secrete…
One hormone acts on a specific target cell (lock and key) wit…
Endocrine System
controls body activities by reducing chemical messages called…
Effects of the endocrine system
-alters metabolism... -regulates growth and development... -regulat…
26 terms
Human Body Systems
nervous system
endocrine system
stimulus
central nervous system
network of cells, tissues, and organs that controls thoughts,…
system of organs that control growth, development, and respon…
something that causes a response
includes the brain and spinal cord
nervous system
network of cells, tissues, and organs that controls thoughts,…
endocrine system
system of organs that control growth, development, and respon…
28 terms
Unit 1 Outcome 2 - Structural Levels of Organization and System Overview
integumentary system
muscular system
skeletal system
nervous system
integumentary system
muscular system
83 terms
9. Nervous system, Identification
Left cerebral hemisphere
Anterior commissure
Basal Ganglia
Right Cerebral Hemisphere
Controls right side of body and is responsible for math, anal…
Myelinated commissure connecting cortical regions in the temp…
Subcortical gray matter nuclei. Processing link between thala…
Controls left side of body and is largely responsible for mus…
Left cerebral hemisphere
Controls right side of body and is responsible for math, anal…
Anterior commissure
Myelinated commissure connecting cortical regions in the temp…
22 terms
Human Organ Systems (structure and function)
Nervous system (structures)
Nervous system (function)
Integumentary system (structures)
Integumentary system (function)
Structure: Brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerves
Function: Recognizes and coordinates the body's response to c…
Structures: Skin, hair, nails, sweat and oil glands
Function: Serves as a barrier against infection and injury, h…
Nervous system (structures)
Structure: Brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerves
Nervous system (function)
Function: Recognizes and coordinates the body's response to c…
77 terms
Human Anatomy, Martini, CH 19: Endocrine System
homestatic regulation involves:
hormones:
endocrine system
endocrine cells:
coordinating activities of organs and systems throughout body
alter metabolic activities of many different tissues and orga…
includes all endocrine cells and tissues in the body
glandular secretory cells that release hormones directly into…
homestatic regulation involves:
coordinating activities of organs and systems throughout body
hormones:
alter metabolic activities of many different tissues and orga…
35-1 Human Body Systems
cells, tissues, organs, organ systems
nervous
integumentary
respiratory
levels of organization
system that coordinates the body's response to changes in its…
system that serves as a barrier against infection and injury
system that provides oxygen needed for cellular respiration a…
cells, tissues, organs, organ systems
levels of organization
nervous
system that coordinates the body's response to changes in its…
36 terms
Lecture one material (Includes basics, cells and cell types, fluids in the body, and introduces control systems)
B. Cells
C. 100 trillion
D: Cells need a source of nutrients an…
D. Baroreceptors
The basic unit of life is:... A. atoms... B. Cells... C. H2O... D. Molec…
The human organism is made up of approximately _____ cells... A…
Which of the following is/are needs of a typically cell?... A.…
Which of the following is not a need of a typical cell?... A. A…
B. Cells
The basic unit of life is:... A. atoms... B. Cells... C. H2O... D. Molec…
C. 100 trillion
The human organism is made up of approximately _____ cells... A…
35 terms
Human Body Systems
skin
skeletal system
muscular system
digestive system
protects body, keeps water inside, regulates body temperature
supports body, works with muscles, makes blood cells
enables body to move (includes smooth, cardiac, skeletal)
takes food in, breaks it down, absorbs nutrients
skin
protects body, keeps water inside, regulates body temperature
skeletal system
supports body, works with muscles, makes blood cells
64 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Endocrine System
hormone
2 types of hormones
hormone-like substances
how hormones work
a chemical substance that is carried by the circulation from…
steroid hormones (made from fat), protein hormones(made from…
similar to hormones but not "exactly" like them. May mimic th…
1. Leaves gland and enters bloodstream 2. Reaches "target tis…
hormone
a chemical substance that is carried by the circulation from…
2 types of hormones
steroid hormones (made from fat), protein hormones(made from…
13 terms
Body Systems
Muscular System
Involuntary Muscle
Voluntary Muscle
Urinary (Liquid Waste System)
Movement System... Strength/Power System
Muscles that move automatically... Smooth: Bladder, stomach... Card…
Muscles that are controlled by thought... Skeletal: Bicep, trice…
Remove liquid waste: Bladder, kidneys
Muscular System
Movement System... Strength/Power System
Involuntary Muscle
Muscles that move automatically... Smooth: Bladder, stomach... Card…
116 terms
The Nervous System
synapse
central
peripheral
dendrite
A ________ is a small space across which an impulse travels t…
The ________ nervous system is made up of the brain and spina…
The ________ nervous system is made up of all the nerves outs…
What is the branch part of the neuron that receives messages…
synapse
A ________ is a small space across which an impulse travels t…
central
The ________ nervous system is made up of the brain and spina…
22 terms
HESI A2 Endocrine System
Hypothalamus
Endocrine and nervous system
Nervous and endocrine system
Steroid and protein hormones
The _______governs the pituitary gland and is in turn control…
These two systems meet at the hypothalamus and pituitary gland
The ______ and _______ coordinate and control the body
Name the two major groups of hormones
Hypothalamus
The _______governs the pituitary gland and is in turn control…
Endocrine and nervous system
These two systems meet at the hypothalamus and pituitary gland
Human Body Systems - Nervous and Endocrine
What is the endocrine system made up of?
The endocrine system produces ____1___…
2 types of hormones:
hypothalamus
glands that release products directly into the blood (meaning…
1. hormones... 2. blood... 3. target cells
steroidal... nonsteroidal
produces hormones that control the pituitary gland... located a…
What is the endocrine system made up of?
glands that release products directly into the blood (meaning…
The endocrine system produces ____1___…
1. hormones... 2. blood... 3. target cells
8 terms
Endocrine System (Human Systems)
Antidiuretic Hormone and oxytocin are…
what is made of beta cells produced in…
the formation and activity of the corp…
Characteristic of a nonsteroid homone
posterior pituitary gland
insulin
luteinizing hormone
-typically proteins, short chains or individual amino acids…
Antidiuretic Hormone and oxytocin are…
posterior pituitary gland
what is made of beta cells produced in…
insulin
First Lecture for A&P
Anatomy
Physiology
Homeostasis
Function reflects Structure
literal meaning:cutting the body a part. ... Also: Study of body…
Study of how the body structures work.
Maintaining a relatively stable condition within the body. Al…
organ's job based on its makeup.
Anatomy
literal meaning:cutting the body a part. ... Also: Study of body…
Physiology
Study of how the body structures work.
53 terms
A&P II Endocrine System
Endocrine System
Target Cells
Central Concepts of Endocrine System
Endocrine System & Nervous System
Composed of endocrine glands located throughout the body that…
Cells with a specific receptor for a hormone
1. Endocrine glands; 2. hormones; 3. hormone transport; 4. ta…
The two major control systems in the body
Endocrine System
Composed of endocrine glands located throughout the body that…
Target Cells
Cells with a specific receptor for a hormone
61 terms
Human Coordination
Human Nervous System
2 Main Parts Of The Nervous System
Nerve Cells
Neuron Diagram
The nervous system is a communication system that controls al…
- Central Nervous System (CNS) ... Brain and Spinal cord... - Peri…
- The nervous system is made up of trillion of nerve cells or…
Dendrites: Branch out from the cell body and receives message…
Human Nervous System
The nervous system is a communication system that controls al…
2 Main Parts Of The Nervous System
- Central Nervous System (CNS) ... Brain and Spinal cord... - Peri…
22 terms
Human Organ Systems (Structure and Function)
Nervous system (structures)
Nervous system (function)
Integumentary system (structures)
Integumentary system (function)
Structure: Brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerves
Function: Recognizes and coordinates the body's response to c…
Structures: Skin, hair, nails, sweat and oil glands
Function: Serves as a barrier against infection and injury, h…
Nervous system (structures)
Structure: Brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerves
Nervous system (function)
Function: Recognizes and coordinates the body's response to c…
Unit 7 - Human Body Vocabulary List 2
Cancer
infectious disease
pasteurization
pathogen
disease in which cells reproduce uncontrollably
caused by a pathogen; can be transmitted from one person to a…
process in which a food is heated to a temperature that kills…
disease-causing agent such as a bacterium or a virus
Cancer
disease in which cells reproduce uncontrollably
infectious disease
caused by a pathogen; can be transmitted from one person to a…
54 terms
The Nervous System Set
Central nervous system (CNS)
Somatic nervous system
Peripheral nervous system (PNS)
Autonomic nervous system
Nervous system subdivision that is composed of the brain and…
Subdivision of the PNS that controls voluntary activities suc…
Nervous system subdivision that is composed of the cranial ne…
Subdivision of the PNS that regulates the activity of the car…
Central nervous system (CNS)
Nervous system subdivision that is composed of the brain and…
Somatic nervous system
Subdivision of the PNS that controls voluntary activities suc…
27 terms
Ch 21 Interactions of Human Body Systems
Amino acid
Macromolecule
Monosaccharide
Nucleotide
building block of protein
substance that forms from joining many small organic compound…
building block of carbohydrates
building block of nucleic acids; made of a nitrogen base, a s…
Amino acid
building block of protein
Macromolecule
substance that forms from joining many small organic compound…
44 terms
7.2 - The endocrine system all
pancreas
What is the hormone produced by the ad…
What is the hormone produced by the th…
What are the hormones produced by the…
adrenaline - fight or flight response
thyroxine - increases metabolism
ADH (antidiuretic hormone) - controls water levels, growth ho…
pancreas
What is the hormone produced by the ad…
adrenaline - fight or flight response
Human Anatomy, Martini, CH 19: Endocrine System
homestatic regulation involves:
hormones:
endocrine system
endocrine cells:
coordinating activities of organs and systems throughout body
alter metabolic activities of many different tissues and orga…
includes all endocrine cells and tissues in the body
glandular secretory cells that release hormones directly into…
homestatic regulation involves:
coordinating activities of organs and systems throughout body
hormones:
alter metabolic activities of many different tissues and orga…
Nervous and Endocrine Systems
synaptic knobs
bipolar cells
multipolar
action potential
the end of an axon
one dendrite
many dendrites
while Na/K atpase pump K+ into cell the leak channels let it…
synaptic knobs
the end of an axon
bipolar cells
one dendrite
Unit 7 - Human Body Vocabulary List 2
Cancer
infectious disease
pasteurization
pathogen
disease in which cells reproduce uncontrollably
caused by a pathogen; can be transmitted from one person to a…
process in which a food is heated to a temperature that kills…
disease-causing agent such as a bacterium or a virus
Cancer
disease in which cells reproduce uncontrollably
infectious disease
caused by a pathogen; can be transmitted from one person to a…
27 terms
Organ Systems of the Human Body
Integumentary System structures/organs
-barrier against infection... -regulates…
Skeletal System structures/organs
- supports the body... - protects interna…
- skin... - hair... - nails... - sweat & oil glands... - sensory receptors
Integumentary System's functions
- bones... - ligaments... - cartilage ... - joints
Skeletal System's functions
Integumentary System structures/organs
- skin... - hair... - nails... - sweat & oil glands... - sensory receptors
-barrier against infection... -regulates…
Integumentary System's functions
209 terms
Endocrine System Ch 18
hormone
endocrine system
2 Kinds of Glands
exocrine glands
a mediator molecule that is released in one part of the body…
works with the nervous system to coordinate functions of all…
1. exocrine glands... 2. endocrine glands
secrete their products into ducts that carry the secretions i…
hormone
a mediator molecule that is released in one part of the body…
endocrine system
works with the nervous system to coordinate functions of all…
12 terms
11 Organ Systems
Integumentary System
Skeletal System
Muscular System
Nervous System
Organs: hair, skin, nails, sweat glands... Function: protect ag…
Organs: axial & appendicular skeletons (bones, joints, cartil…
Organs: Axial & Appendicular skeletal muscles... Function: allo…
Organs: brain, spinal cord, nerves... Function: direct immediat…
Integumentary System
Organs: hair, skin, nails, sweat glands... Function: protect ag…
Skeletal System
Organs: axial & appendicular skeletons (bones, joints, cartil…
11 human body systems and plant cells
Neucleus
Reproductive System
Cytoplasm
Ribosomes
The part of the cell that stores chromosomes and has its own…
-Produces eggs (in females) and sperm (in males) ... -Produces e…
Cells' jelly-like fluid, gives the cell its shape, supports t…
Makes proteins; acts like little factories
Neucleus
The part of the cell that stores chromosomes and has its own…
Reproductive System
-Produces eggs (in females) and sperm (in males) ... -Produces e…
69 terms
Chapter 45 body systems
Cell
50 trillion cells
Principle of complementary
Stem cells
The smallest unit or life
How many cells you have in your body
The structure of a cell reflects the cell's function and the…
Are cells that have not yet differentiated, it's structure do…
Cell
The smallest unit or life
50 trillion cells
How many cells you have in your body
26 terms
Living Systems and Mitosis
cells
asexual reproduction
circulatory system
endocrine system
Basic building block of life
Process by which a single parent reproduces by itself
The human body system that contains the heart, blood, and all…
A group of glands that secrete hormones (chemicals) into the…
cells
Basic building block of life
asexual reproduction
Process by which a single parent reproduces by itself
38 terms
Human Body Systems 2
skeletal system
muscular system
respiratory system
circulatory system
Gives body shape and protects organs. 206 bones
Muscles that are attached to and move bones. Some organs are…
Carries oxygen into the lungs where it is transferred to the…
uses blood and blood vessels to move oxygen and nutrients to…
skeletal system
Gives body shape and protects organs. 206 bones
muscular system
Muscles that are attached to and move bones. Some organs are…
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