Study sets matching "term:enzymes = catalysts for chemical reactions in living things"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "term:enzymes = catalysts for chemical reactions in living things"

Chemical Reactions, Catalysts and Enzymes
enthalpy
entropy
spontaneity
gibbs free energy
( ΔH): the amount of energy either releases or absorbed by a…
entropy (ΔS): the relative disorder of a reaction... - a positiv…
-ΔH are good, +ΔS are good... -ΔH, +ΔS= spontaneous... +ΔH, -Δs= no…
Gibbs free energy describes whether a reaction will occur und…
enthalpy
( ΔH): the amount of energy either releases or absorbed by a…
entropy
entropy (ΔS): the relative disorder of a reaction... - a positiv…
Chemical Reactions and Enzymes & Catalysts
Chemical reaction
Reactants
Product
On arrow in equation
changes substances into different substances by breaking/form…
substances that are going to be changed (left side of equation)
substances made by chemical reactions (right side of equation)
activation energy (catalyst or enzyme)
Chemical reaction
changes substances into different substances by breaking/form…
Reactants
substances that are going to be changed (left side of equation)
16 terms
biology - chemical reactions, catalyst, enzymes
what is a chemical reaction?
when reactants have less energy than t…
when the reactants have more energy th…
what is activation energy?
a process that changes one set of chemicals into another
obsorbed
released
the energy needed to start a chemical reaction
what is a chemical reaction?
a process that changes one set of chemicals into another
when reactants have less energy than t…
obsorbed
33 terms
Enzymes, Catalysts and the Chemical Reactions of the Cell
Specific
Product
Catalyst
Never
Enzymes are _______ for just one job or function.
The elements or compounds that are produced by a chemical rea…
An inorganic substance that speeds up a chemical reaction.
Enzyme are________ used up in the reaction.
Specific
Enzymes are _______ for just one job or function.
Product
The elements or compounds that are produced by a chemical rea…
15 terms
Chemical Reactions and Enzymes- Live
reactants
products
activation energy
active site
the molecules that enter into a chemical reaction (what we st…
the result of a chemical reaction (what is created)
energy needed to start a chemical reaction
the spot where the reactants bind to the enzyme
reactants
the molecules that enter into a chemical reaction (what we st…
products
the result of a chemical reaction (what is created)
42 terms
TEAS EPS Chemical Reactions, pH, Catalysts and Enzymes
Change in bonding structure due to exc…
Reagents
Products
Double Displacement
What causes a chemical reaction to occur?
The starting substances in a chemical reaction.
The ending substances in a chemical reaction.
A reaction which has two reagents that interact to form two p…
Change in bonding structure due to exc…
What causes a chemical reaction to occur?
Reagents
The starting substances in a chemical reaction.
Chemical Components and Reactions in Living Things
Carbon
Hydrogen
Oxygen
Nitrogen
Black... Valence of 4... O
Yellow... Valence of 1... H2
Red... Valence of 2... O2
Light blue... valence of 3... N2
Carbon
Black... Valence of 4... O
Hydrogen
Yellow... Valence of 1... H2
Chap.4 Chemical Reactions in Living Things
______ Are Changed by a chemical react…
______ Are made by a chemical reaction
Reaction in which the reactant glucose…
The products of cellular respiration
Reactants
Products
Cellular Respiration
Water, Carbon Dioxide, ATP
______ Are Changed by a chemical react…
Reactants
______ Are made by a chemical reaction
Products
28 terms
Chap.4 Chemical Reactions in Living Things
______ Are Changed by a chemical react…
______ Are made by a chemical reaction
Reaction in which the reactant glucose…
The products of cellular respiration
Reactants
Products
Cellular Respiration
Water, Carbon Dioxide, ATP
______ Are Changed by a chemical react…
Reactants
______ Are made by a chemical reaction
Products
Copy- Chap.4 Chemical Reactions in Living Things
______ Are Changed by a chemical react…
______ Are made by a chemical reaction
Reaction in which the reactant glucose…
The products of cellular respiration
Reactants
Products
Cellular Respiration
Water, Carbon Dioxide, ATP
______ Are Changed by a chemical react…
Reactants
______ Are made by a chemical reaction
Products
B4: The Chemical Reactions of Living Things
enzymes
proteins
substrates
products
chemicals that speed up the rate of chemical reactions
consist of long chains of amino acids joined together
chemicals the enzymes work on
chemicals produced in the reaction
enzymes
chemicals that speed up the rate of chemical reactions
proteins
consist of long chains of amino acids joined together
Test #2 (Basic Chemistry, Biochemistry, Chemical Reactions, Living Things)
atom
elements
atomic number
mass number
basic unit of matter
pure substances made up of 1 type of atom
# of protons (same number of electrons)
sum of protons and neutrons
atom
basic unit of matter
elements
pure substances made up of 1 type of atom
24 terms
B4.1. How do chemical reactions take place in living things?
What are living things made up of?
What are the basic life processes?
Movement
Respiration
Cells
Movement... Respiration... Sense... Growth... Reproduction... Excretion... Nutr…
Organisms may move to find food, escape from predators or fin…
Energy is needed to carry out cell processes. Respiration is…
What are living things made up of?
Cells
What are the basic life processes?
Movement... Respiration... Sense... Growth... Reproduction... Excretion... Nutr…
7 terms
2.4 The Chemistry of Life-Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
chemical reactions
reactants
products
activation energy
always involve changes in the chemical bond that join atoms i…
the elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
the elements or compounds that are produced by the reaction
the energy needed to get a reaction started
chemical reactions
always involve changes in the chemical bond that join atoms i…
reactants
the elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
11 terms
Enzymes and Chemical Reactions
protein
amino acid
enzyme
-ase
Class of nutrients made up of amino acids. They are needed to…
Building blocks of protein
A protein that makes a reaction happen QUICKER; decreases act…
Used in naming enzymes
protein
Class of nutrients made up of amino acids. They are needed to…
amino acid
Building blocks of protein
22 terms
Enzymes & Catalysts
Enzyme, catalyst
Rate
Synthesis
Lysis
a type of protein that affect the rate of a reaction by speed…
how fast
to make something
to break something apart, digest
Enzyme, catalyst
a type of protein that affect the rate of a reaction by speed…
Rate
how fast
Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
chemical reaction
Reactant
Product
Bond Energy
a reaction that changes substances into different substances…
the substance changed in a chemical reaction
the substances made by a chemical reaction
the amount of energy needed to break a bond between two atoms
chemical reaction
a reaction that changes substances into different substances…
Reactant
the substance changed in a chemical reaction
7 terms
2.4 Chemical Reactions & Enzymes
chemical reaction
reactant
product
activation energy
process that changes or transforms one set of chemicals into…
the elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
the elements or compounds produced by a chemical reaction
the amount of energy that is needed to get a reaction started
chemical reaction
process that changes or transforms one set of chemicals into…
reactant
the elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
7 terms
Chemical Reactions and Enzymes (chp 2.4)
chemical reaction
reactants
products
activation energy
process that changes, or transforms, one set of chemicals int…
elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
elements or compounds produced by a chemical reaction
energy that is needed to get a reaction started
chemical reaction
process that changes, or transforms, one set of chemicals int…
reactants
elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
13 terms
Chemical Reactions and enzymes
chemical reaction
reactant
product
bond energy
A change in which one or more substances are converted into n…
A chemical substance that is present at the start of a chemic…
A substance produced in a chemical reaction
The amount of energy that will break a bond between two atoms.
chemical reaction
A change in which one or more substances are converted into n…
reactant
A chemical substance that is present at the start of a chemic…
7 terms
Bio > 2-4 Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
chemical reactioin
reactant
product
activation energy
...
A chemical substance that is present at the start of a chemic…
A substance produced in a chemical reaction
Energy needed to get a reaction started
chemical reactioin
...
reactant
A chemical substance that is present at the start of a chemic…
2.4 Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
Chemical Reaction
Activation Energy
Reactants
Products
Process by which substances change into different substances…
Energy input necessary to initiate a chemical reaction
Substance that is changed by a chemical reaction.
Substances made by the chemical reaction
Chemical Reaction
Process by which substances change into different substances…
Activation Energy
Energy input necessary to initiate a chemical reaction
7 terms
Chemical reactions and Enzymes
Chemical reaction
Reactant
Product
Activation energy
A process that changes one set of chemicals into another
Elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
Elements or compounds produced by a chemical reaction
Energy needed to get a reaction started
Chemical reaction
A process that changes one set of chemicals into another
Reactant
Elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
Chemical Reaction
Reactant
Product
Activation Energy
the process by which one or more substances change to produce…
A chemical substance that is present at the start of a chemic…
A substance produced in a chemical reaction
The amount of energy required to start a chemical reaction
Chemical Reaction
the process by which one or more substances change to produce…
Reactant
A chemical substance that is present at the start of a chemic…
18 terms
Chemical Reactions
chemical bond
chemical equation
chemical reaction
coefficient
attraction between atoms when electrons are shared, transferr…
description of a reaction using element symbols and chemical…
process in which atoms of one or more substances rearrange to…
number placed in front of an element symbol or chemical formu…
chemical bond
attraction between atoms when electrons are shared, transferr…
chemical equation
description of a reaction using element symbols and chemical…
14 terms
Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
amino acids
lowering the activation energy
active site
chemical reaction
Proteins are polymers formed monomers
An enzyme speeds up a reaction by
In a chemcial reaction, a reactant binds to an enzyme at a re…
___ _____ is a process that changes one set of chemicals into…
amino acids
Proteins are polymers formed monomers
lowering the activation energy
An enzyme speeds up a reaction by
Chemical Reactions & Enzymes
chemical reaction
reactant
product
activation energy
a process that changes or transforms one set of chemicals int…
the elements or compounds that enter (or begin) into a chemic…
the elements or compounds produced by a chemical reaction
the energy that is needed to get a chemical reaction started
chemical reaction
a process that changes or transforms one set of chemicals int…
reactant
the elements or compounds that enter (or begin) into a chemic…
9 terms
Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
enzymes
substrate
active site
exothermic
a biological catalyst that enables chemical reactions to take…
a substance that is changed by an enzyme
the part of an enzyme that "attaches" to a substrate
chemical reaction that releases energy; the products have les…
enzymes
a biological catalyst that enables chemical reactions to take…
substrate
a substance that is changed by an enzyme
24 terms
Chemical Reactions 2.4 and Enzymes 2.5
Chemical Reaction
Reactants
products
Bond energy
change substances into different substances by breakins and f…
are the substances changed during a reaction... on the left side…
are the substances made during a reaction... on the right side o…
the energy required to break the bonds between two atoms
Chemical Reaction
change substances into different substances by breakins and f…
Reactants
are the substances changed during a reaction... on the left side…
10 terms
2.4 Enzymes & Chemical Reactions
Enzyme
Enzymes are _______ macromolecules
Catalyst
Reactant(s)
Biological catalyst, speed up biological chemical reactions
Protein
Speed up chemical reaction rates by decreasing amount of requ…
Starting substance(s) in a chemical reaction
Enzyme
Biological catalyst, speed up biological chemical reactions
Enzymes are _______ macromolecules
Protein
5 terms
Controlling Chemical Reactions 7.3
Activation energy
Concentration
Catalyst
Enzyme
The minimum amount of energy needed to start a chemical react…
The amount of one material in a certain volume of another mat…
A material that increases the rate of a reaction by lowering…
A type of protein that speeds up a chemical reaction in a liv…
Activation energy
The minimum amount of energy needed to start a chemical react…
Concentration
The amount of one material in a certain volume of another mat…
Enzymes and Chemical Reactions
protein
amino acid
enzyme
-ase
Class of nutrients made up of amino acids. They are needed to…
Building blocks of protein
A protein that makes a reaction happen QUICKER; decreases act…
Used in naming enzymes
protein
Class of nutrients made up of amino acids. They are needed to…
amino acid
Building blocks of protein
Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
Chemical Reactions
Catalyst
Enzymes
Dehydration Synthesis
A process that changes or transforms one set of chemical into…
Substance that speeds up the rate of chemical reactions.
Are the catalyst in living things. Found in many organs; live…
The monomers combine with each other via covalent bonds to fo…
Chemical Reactions
A process that changes or transforms one set of chemical into…
Catalyst
Substance that speeds up the rate of chemical reactions.
8 terms
Chp 2.4 Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
chemical reaction
activation energy
enzymes
catalyst
is a process that changes one set of chemicals into another s…
the energy that is needed to get a reaction started
a protein catalyst that speeds up the rate of specific biolog…
the substance the speeds up the rate of a chemical reaction.
chemical reaction
is a process that changes one set of chemicals into another s…
activation energy
the energy that is needed to get a reaction started
20 terms
Chemical Reactions
physical change
chemical change
reactant
product
a change that alter the form or appearance but does not make…
a change in which one or more substances combine or break apa…
a substance that enters into a chemical reaction
a substance formed as a result of a chemical reaction
physical change
a change that alter the form or appearance but does not make…
chemical change
a change in which one or more substances combine or break apa…
75 terms
ES Ch 7: Chemical Reactions
Reactant
Product
Chemical Energy
Exothermic Reaction
a substance or molecule that participates in a chemical react…
a substance that forms in a chemical reaction
the energy released when a chemical compound reacts to produc…
a chemical reaction in which energy is released to the surrou…
Reactant
a substance or molecule that participates in a chemical react…
Product
a substance that forms in a chemical reaction
7 terms
Biology - Chapter 2.4 - Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
chemical reaction
reactants
products
activation energy
(chemistry) a process in which one or more substances are cha…
Elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction.
The elements or compounds produced by a chemical reaction.
Energy needed to get a reaction started
chemical reaction
(chemistry) a process in which one or more substances are cha…
reactants
Elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction.
Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
Chemical Reaction
Reactants
Products
Activation Energy
(chemistry) a process in which one or more substances are cha…
Elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction.
The elements or compounds produced by a chemical reaction.
Energy needed to get a reaction started
Chemical Reaction
(chemistry) a process in which one or more substances are cha…
Reactants
Elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction.
Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
Chemical reaction
Reactant
Product
Activation energy
Process that changes, or transforms one set of chemicals into…
Element or compound that enter into a chemical reaction
Element or compound produced by a chemical reaction
Energy that is needed to initiate reactions
Chemical reaction
Process that changes, or transforms one set of chemicals into…
Reactant
Element or compound that enter into a chemical reaction
7 terms
Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
chemical reaction
reactant
product
activation energy
A process in which one or more substances are changed into ot…
A substance that enters into a chemical reaction.
A substance formed as a result of a chemical reaction.
The minimum amount of energy required to start a chemical rea…
chemical reaction
A process in which one or more substances are changed into ot…
reactant
A substance that enters into a chemical reaction.
7 terms
Biology 2-4- Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
chemical reaction
reactant
product
activation energy
...
...
...
...
chemical reaction
...
reactant
...
Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
Chemical reaction
Endergonic reactions (endothermic)
Exergonic reactions (exothermic)
Activation Energy
Any process in which reactants are transformed into products
Chemical reaction
Any process in which reactants are transformed into products
Endergonic reactions (endothermic)
7 terms
Bio_2.4: Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
chemical reaction
reactant
product
activation energy
Process in which chemical energy is used to produce carbohydr…
Elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
Elements or compounds produced by a chemical reaction
Energy that is needed to get a reaction started
chemical reaction
Process in which chemical energy is used to produce carbohydr…
reactant
Elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
18 terms
Enzymes & Chemical Reactions
physical reaction
chemical reaction
reactants
products
changes the form of a substance
changes a substance into something else
substances that change/react (on left side of arrow)
substances that are made/produced (on right side of arrow)
physical reaction
changes the form of a substance
chemical reaction
changes a substance into something else
13 terms
1.8 Chemical reactions and enzymes
Activation energy
Endothermic reaction
Exothermic reaction
Catalyst
Energy required to start a reaction
Products have more energy than the reactants, energy is absor…
Products have less energy than the reactants, energy is relea…
Speeds up a reaction by reducing the activation energy
Activation energy
Energy required to start a reaction
Endothermic reaction
Products have more energy than the reactants, energy is absor…
7 terms
Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
Chemical reaction
Reactant
Product
Activation energy
Process that changes, or transforms, one set of chemicals int…
Element or compound that enter into a chemical reaction
Element or compound produced by a chemical reaction
Energy that is needed to get a reaction started
Chemical reaction
Process that changes, or transforms, one set of chemicals int…
Reactant
Element or compound that enter into a chemical reaction
Quizlet - Chemical Reactions
chemical reaction
Precipitate
chemical bond
chemical formula
A process that produces one or more substances that are diffe…
A solid that forms from a solution during a chemical reaction.
the force that holds two atoms together in a molecule
A combination of chemical symbols and numbers to represent a…
chemical reaction
A process that produces one or more substances that are diffe…
Precipitate
A solid that forms from a solution during a chemical reaction.
22 terms
Biology Chapter 2.4- chemical reactions & enzymes
chemical reaction
reactants
products
bicarbonate buffering system
a process that changes one set of chemicals (reactants) into…
the elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
the elements or compounds made by a chemical reaction
chemical reactions that regulate blood pH, keeping it within…
chemical reaction
a process that changes one set of chemicals (reactants) into…
reactants
the elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
7 terms
Lugo Biology 2.4 Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
chemical reaction
reactant
product
activation energy
a process that changes, or transforms, one set of chemicals i…
the elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
the elements or compounds produced by a chemical reaction
energy needed to get a reaction started
chemical reaction
a process that changes, or transforms, one set of chemicals i…
reactant
the elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
29 terms
Chemical Reactions
chemical reaction
reactants
products
chemical equation
the process by which the atoms of one or more substances are…
the starting substance(s) in a chemical reaction
the substance(s) formed during a chemical reaction
a statement using chemical formulas to describe the identitie…
chemical reaction
the process by which the atoms of one or more substances are…
reactants
the starting substance(s) in a chemical reaction
1 of 10