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Study sets matching "term:enzymes = protein that acts as a biological catalyst"

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Study sets matching "term:enzymes = protein that acts as a biological catalyst"

11 terms
1.2.7. Explain the mechanism of action and specificity of enzymes in terms of their three-dimensional structure; enzymes as biological catalysts that reduce activation energy, catalysing a wide range of intracellular and extracellular reactions.
● What are enzymes?... ● What is molecula…
● What are anabolic reactions?... ● What…
Lock and Key hypothesis:... ● What is the…
● Enzymes are biological catalysts. They change only the rate…
● The reactions that build up new chemicals are anabolic reac…
○ Within the protein structure of each enzyme is an active si…
● What are enzymes?... ● What is molecula…
● Enzymes are biological catalysts. They change only the rate…
● What are anabolic reactions?... ● What…
● The reactions that build up new chemicals are anabolic reac…
28 terms
Biological Molecules and Enzymes
monosaccharide
disaccharide
monomer
dimer
the monomer of polysaccharides; a single sugar unit; e.g. glu…
A two unit sugar; composed of two monosaccharides
a single unit
two monomers bonded together
monosaccharide
the monomer of polysaccharides; a single sugar unit; e.g. glu…
disaccharide
A two unit sugar; composed of two monosaccharides
8 terms
Biology - Enzymes
catalyst
enzymes
enzyme chart
substrate
a substance that speeds up the rate of a chemical reaction
proteins that act as biological catalysts
just look at the chart there isnt a specific question to answer
blue part
catalyst
a substance that speeds up the rate of a chemical reaction
enzymes
proteins that act as biological catalysts
10 terms
Biology - Enzymes
catalyst
enzymes
enzyme chart
substrate
a substance that speeds up the rate of a chemical reaction
proteins that act as biological catalysts
just look at the chart there isnt a specific question to answer
blue part
catalyst
a substance that speeds up the rate of a chemical reaction
enzymes
proteins that act as biological catalysts
Biological Molecules and Enzymes
monosaccharide
disaccharide
monomer
dimer
the monomer of polysaccharides; a single sugar unit; e.g. glu…
A two unit sugar; composed of two monosaccharides
a single unit
two monomers bonded together
monosaccharide
the monomer of polysaccharides; a single sugar unit; e.g. glu…
disaccharide
A two unit sugar; composed of two monosaccharides
8 terms
Enzymes
Catalyst
Enzyme
Activation Energy
Substrate
A substance that speeds up the rate of a chemical reaction
A protein that acts as a biological catalyst by reducing the…
The energy required to start a chemical reaction
Substance that enters a chemical reaction and binds to the en…
Catalyst
A substance that speeds up the rate of a chemical reaction
Enzyme
A protein that acts as a biological catalyst by reducing the…
8 terms
Enzymes
Enzyme
Substrate
Catalyst
Activation energy
Protein molecules that act as catalysts in biological reactio…
Material or substance on which an enzyme acts on.
A substance that increases the rate of a chemical reaction wi…
The minimum energy that must be input to a reaction to start…
Enzyme
Protein molecules that act as catalysts in biological reactio…
Substrate
Material or substance on which an enzyme acts on.
8 terms
Enzymes
Enzyme
Substrate
Catalyst
Activation energy
Protein molecules that act as catalysts in biological reactio…
Material or substance on which an enzyme acts on.
A substance that increases the rate of a chemical reaction wi…
The minimum energy that must be input to a reaction to start…
Enzyme
Protein molecules that act as catalysts in biological reactio…
Substrate
Material or substance on which an enzyme acts on.
8 terms
Enzymes
Enzyme
Substrate
Active site
Activation energy
Biological catalysts that speed up chemical reactions. They a…
The molecule that that the enzyme binds and acts on
The place on the enzyme where the substrate binds
The energy needed to start a reaction. Enzymes lower the acti…
Enzyme
Biological catalysts that speed up chemical reactions. They a…
Substrate
The molecule that that the enzyme binds and acts on
11 terms
Proteins and Enzymes
Amino Acids
Peptide bond
Polypeptide
Essential Amino Acids
Building blocks of protiens
Bond that forms between amino acids.
Another name for protein.
Amino acids that one must obtain through diet.
Amino Acids
Building blocks of protiens
Peptide bond
Bond that forms between amino acids.
13 terms
Enzymes (the basics)
Enzyme
Protein
Active Site
Substrate
A protein molecule that acts as a biological catalyst.
A polymer consisting of many amino acid monomers covalently b…
The area on an enzyme molecule to which the substrate binds.
The substance that is used up in an enzyme-controlled reactio…
Enzyme
A protein molecule that acts as a biological catalyst.
Protein
A polymer consisting of many amino acid monomers covalently b…
19 terms
MCAT Biochemistry: Enzymes as Biological Catalysts
What is an enzyme?
Ribozymes
substrates
active site
proteins acting as biological catalysts to drive life process…
are biological catalysts composed of RNA instead of polypepti…
molecules that are affected by an enzyme
The part of an enzyme molecule where a substrate molecule att…
What is an enzyme?
proteins acting as biological catalysts to drive life process…
Ribozymes
are biological catalysts composed of RNA instead of polypepti…
6 terms
B3.4 Catalysts and enzymes
Catalyst
Enzyme
Substrate
Active Site
Speeds up a reaction without being used up
A large protein that acts as a biological catalyst
The chemical or chemicals that the enzyme joins to
The part of the enzyme that the substrate fits exactly
Catalyst
Speeds up a reaction without being used up
Enzyme
A large protein that acts as a biological catalyst
55 terms
Biochemistry ch. 2 Enzymes as Biological catalysts
Enzymes
Oxidoreductases
transferases
hydrolases
Biological catalysts that are unchanged by the reactions they…
catalyze oxidation -reduction reactions that involve the tran…
move a functional group from one molecule to another molecule
catalyze cleavage with the addition of water
Enzymes
Biological catalysts that are unchanged by the reactions they…
Oxidoreductases
catalyze oxidation -reduction reactions that involve the tran…
20 terms
Enzymes
active site
substrate
biological catalyst
enzyme- substrate complex
An area within the tertiary structure of the enzyme able to b…
The molecule(s) that react in the presence of the enzyme
Increases the rate of a chemical reaction.... Works under normal…
When the substrate and the enzyme bind together and the react…
active site
An area within the tertiary structure of the enzyme able to b…
substrate
The molecule(s) that react in the presence of the enzyme
11 terms
Enzymes
enzymes
catalyst
activation energy
substrate
biological cataylsts; proteins that speed up chemical reactio…
a substance that speeds up a chemical reaction
energy needed to get a reaction started
the molecule(s) upon which an enzyme acts
enzymes
biological cataylsts; proteins that speed up chemical reactio…
catalyst
a substance that speeds up a chemical reaction
11 terms
Enzymes
enzymes
catalyst
activation energy
substrate
biological cataylsts; proteins that speed up chemical reactio…
a substance that speeds up a chemical reaction
energy needed to get a reaction started
the molecule(s) upon which an enzyme acts
enzymes
biological cataylsts; proteins that speed up chemical reactio…
catalyst
a substance that speeds up a chemical reaction
7 terms
2.4 Chemical Reactions & Enzymes
chemical reaction
reactant
product
activation energy
process that changes or transforms one set of chemicals into…
the elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
the elements or compounds produced by a chemical reaction
the amount of energy that is needed to get a reaction started
chemical reaction
process that changes or transforms one set of chemicals into…
reactant
the elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
8 terms
Enzymes
enzyme
activation energy
active site
substrate
biological catalysts; these molecules speed up the rate of re…
The minimum amount of energy needed to activate the reaction.
a specific region of the enzyme, made up of a small number of…
the molecule on which the enzyme acts
enzyme
biological catalysts; these molecules speed up the rate of re…
activation energy
The minimum amount of energy needed to activate the reaction.
5 terms
Enzymes
catalyst
substrate
active site
enzyme
substance that increase the rate of a chemical reaction
the substance which an enzyme acts
the region that binds to a protein
A molecule produced by living organisms that catalyses chemic…
catalyst
substance that increase the rate of a chemical reaction
substrate
the substance which an enzyme acts
11 terms
Proteins & Enzymes
Amino Acids
Peptide bond
Polypeptide
Essential Amino Acids
Building blocks of protiens
Bond that forms between amino acids.
Another name for protein.
Amino acids that one must obtain through diet.
Amino Acids
Building blocks of protiens
Peptide bond
Bond that forms between amino acids.
6 terms
Enzymes
Enzyme
Active site
Substrate
Denature
A protein that acts as a catalyst (speeds up a reaction)
The location on an enzyme where the substrate binds
The molecules that is built or broken down by an enzyme
When the shape of an enzyme is destroyed by a change in tempe…
Enzyme
A protein that acts as a catalyst (speeds up a reaction)
Active site
The location on an enzyme where the substrate binds
41 terms
Enzymes Review Cards
Chemical Reaction
Reactants
Products
Reactants to Products
Process that changes one set of chemicals into another
Starting materials of a chemical reaction
Newly formed substances of a chemical reaction
How are chemical reactions written?
Chemical Reaction
Process that changes one set of chemicals into another
Reactants
Starting materials of a chemical reaction
12 terms
Chapter 04 Energy, enzymes, biological reactions
coupled reaction
ATP
phosphorylation
equilibrium site
reactions that occur simultaneously; one is exergonic reactio…
(adenosine triphosphate) main energy source that cells use fo…
The metabolic process of introducing a phosphate group into a…
rate of forward equals the rate of the reverse
coupled reaction
reactions that occur simultaneously; one is exergonic reactio…
ATP
(adenosine triphosphate) main energy source that cells use fo…
51 terms
Block 1: Enzymes as a Catalyst I
What is the function of an enzyme and…
___________________________mimic subst…
____________________reversibly bind at…
_______________bind to enzyme at site…
they act as catalysts no net charge during reaction, lower ac…
competitive inhibitor
uncompetitive or non-competitive
allosteric inhibitors
What is the function of an enzyme and…
they act as catalysts no net charge during reaction, lower ac…
___________________________mimic subst…
competitive inhibitor
23 terms
Proteins and Enzymes
peptide
polypeptide chain
amino acids
conformation
bonds that connect amino acids
many amino acids linked together
monomers of proteins
final shape of a protein
peptide
bonds that connect amino acids
polypeptide chain
many amino acids linked together
16 terms
AQA A-Level Biology - Enzymes
Activation Energy
Enzyme Function
Enzyme Structure
Active Site
The minimum energy required for successful collisions to resu…
Lowers the activation energy for a reaction to start, behaves…
Globular proteins that have a functional region known as an a…
Functional region on an enzyme that is complimentary to subst…
Activation Energy
The minimum energy required for successful collisions to resu…
Enzyme Function
Lowers the activation energy for a reaction to start, behaves…
9 terms
AKS 8j. Explain how enzymes function as catalysts.
enzyme
catalyst
substrate
product
biological catalysts.
chemicals that speed up chemical reactions.
substance on which an enzyme acts.
enzymes act as biological catalysts to convert substrate to...
enzyme
biological catalysts.
catalyst
chemicals that speed up chemical reactions.
11 terms
Enzymes
Chemical Reactions
Reactants
Products
Activation Energy
The process that changes one set of chemicals into another.
The elements or compounds that enter (start) a reaction.
The elements or compounds that are created in a reaction.
The amount of energy required for a reaction to start.
Chemical Reactions
The process that changes one set of chemicals into another.
Reactants
The elements or compounds that enter (start) a reaction.
10 terms
Enzyme
Enzyme
Catalyst
Substrate
Active Site
protein that is a biological catalyst
substance that decreases the activation energy needed to star…
reactant in a chemical reaction upon which an enzyme acts
place where substances come to react
Enzyme
protein that is a biological catalyst
Catalyst
substance that decreases the activation energy needed to star…
6 terms
Enzymes
Substrate
chemical reaction
reactant
activation energy
A specific reactant acted upon by an enzyme
A process that changes or transforms one set of chemicals int…
The element or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction.
Energy needed to get a reaction started
Substrate
A specific reactant acted upon by an enzyme
chemical reaction
A process that changes or transforms one set of chemicals int…
11 terms
Enzymes
chemical reaction
reactants
product
activation energy
a process that changes one reaction to another set of chemicals
the elements or compounds entered into a reaction
the element or compound produced by the reaction
the energy required to start a reaction
chemical reaction
a process that changes one reaction to another set of chemicals
reactants
the elements or compounds entered into a reaction
24 terms
Enzymes...
Enzyme
Catalyst
Substrate
Active Site
globular protein that is a biological catalyst
substance that speed up reactions
reactant in a chemical reaction upon which an enzyme acts
place in enzymes where substances come to react
Enzyme
globular protein that is a biological catalyst
Catalyst
substance that speed up reactions
8 terms
Biological Molecules
Triglyceride
Substrate
Active Site
Enzyme - Substrate Complex
3 fatty acids attached to glycerol
reactant of an enzyme-catalyzed reaction
Region of an enzyme into which a particular substrate fits.
When the enzyme and substrate are combined
Triglyceride
3 fatty acids attached to glycerol
Substrate
reactant of an enzyme-catalyzed reaction
30 terms
Chapter 12 - Enzymes: The Protein Catalyst
what is an enzyme?
what is a catalyst?
what is an activation energy?
What do digestive enzymes do?
- a specialized protein that speeds up a reaction... or... starts…
-a substance that speeds up a reaction between substances wit…
energy needed to start a reaction... enzymes lower the activati…
they decrease the amount of heat energy needed during digesti…
what is an enzyme?
- a specialized protein that speeds up a reaction... or... starts…
what is a catalyst?
-a substance that speeds up a reaction between substances wit…
9 terms
Enzyme Part 1
Enzyme
Catalyst
Substrate
Active Site
protein that is a biological catalyst
substance that decreases the activation energy needed to star…
reactant in a chemical reaction upon which an enzyme acts
place where substances come to react
Enzyme
protein that is a biological catalyst
Catalyst
substance that decreases the activation energy needed to star…
10 terms
National 5 - Cells 1.5 Proteins and enzymes
Active site
Antibody
Catalyst
Denaturation
position on the surface of an enzyme molecule to which specif…
protein that is involved in defence in animals
a substance that speeds up a chemical reaction by reducing th…
change in the shape of molecules of protein such as enzymes,…
Active site
position on the surface of an enzyme molecule to which specif…
Antibody
protein that is involved in defence in animals
44 terms
All of Enzymes
enzyme
substrate
enzyme substrate complex
non-competitive inhibitor
A protein molecule that acts as a biological catalyst.
The substance that fits into the active site of the enzyme at…
The intermediate structure formed when a substrate molecule b…
An inhibitor of an enzyme-controlled reaction that binds to t…
enzyme
A protein molecule that acts as a biological catalyst.
substrate
The substance that fits into the active site of the enzyme at…
14 terms
Enzymes
enzymes
catalyst
activation energy
substrate
biological cataylsts, functional proteins; their names usuall…
a substance that speeds up a chemical reaction
Energy needed to get a reaction started
the molecule that gets changed
enzymes
biological cataylsts, functional proteins; their names usuall…
catalyst
a substance that speeds up a chemical reaction
10 terms
Enzyme Review
catalyst
Enzyme
reaction
Substrate
something that brings about a change in something else
A special protein that speeds up chemical reaction; protein t…
chemicals combining together or breaking apart
The reactant that binds to the enzyme's active site and is tr…
catalyst
something that brings about a change in something else
Enzyme
A special protein that speeds up chemical reaction; protein t…
12 terms
Protein and Enzyme
Peptidebond
Dipeptide
Polypeptide
Catalyst
The bond between two amino acid
Two amino acid together
More than two amino acid together
Substance which speeds up the process
Peptidebond
The bond between two amino acid
Dipeptide
Two amino acid together
10 terms
Enzymes
Enzymes
Substrate
Optimum temperature
Product
Specific proteins that acts as biological catalysts that spee…
the molecule on which an enzyme act
The temperature at which enzymes works best
The substance formed as a result of enzyme action
Enzymes
Specific proteins that acts as biological catalysts that spee…
Substrate
the molecule on which an enzyme act
11 terms
Enzymes
Chemical Reactions
Reactants
Products
Activation Energy
The process that changes one set of chemicals into another.
The elements or compounds that enter (start) a reaction.
The elements or compounds that are created in a reaction.
The amount of energy required for a reaction to start.
Chemical Reactions
The process that changes one set of chemicals into another.
Reactants
The elements or compounds that enter (start) a reaction.
22 terms
Enzymes
Reactants
Products
Metabolism
Catabolic Reactions
Compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
Compounds produced by a chemical reaction
All chemical reactions that occur in cells of living organisms
Breakdown of complex organic molecules into simpler substance…
Reactants
Compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
Products
Compounds produced by a chemical reaction
22 terms
Enzymes
Reactants
Products
Metabolism
Catabolic Reactions
Compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
Compounds produced by a chemical reaction
All chemical reactions that occur in cells of living organisms
Breakdown of complex organic molecules into simpler substance…
Reactants
Compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
Products
Compounds produced by a chemical reaction
22 terms
Enzymes
Reactants
Products
Metabolism
Catabolic Reactions
Compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
Compounds produced by a chemical reaction
All chemical reactions that occur in cells of living organisms
Breakdown of complex organic molecules into simpler substance…
Reactants
Compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
Products
Compounds produced by a chemical reaction
12 terms
Enzymes
enzyme
activation energy
active site
substrate
biological catalysts; these molecules speed up the rate of re…
The minimum amount of energy needed to activate the reaction.
a specific region of the enzyme, made up of a small number of…
the molecule on which the enzyme acts
enzyme
biological catalysts; these molecules speed up the rate of re…
activation energy
The minimum amount of energy needed to activate the reaction.
22 terms
Lab 4: Enzymes-Protein Catalyst
Amplitude
Wavelength
Visible light
Absorbed wavelength
height of a wave, determines the brightness of the light
distance from the crest of one wave to the crest of the next…
colors depend on the wavelength, ... ~combination of all visible…
you do not see the color
Amplitude
height of a wave, determines the brightness of the light
Wavelength
distance from the crest of one wave to the crest of the next…
12 terms
Enzymes
enzymes
catalyst
activation energy
substrate
biological catalysts; their names usually end in - ase
any chemical substance that causes or speeds up a chemical re…
Energy needed to get a reaction started
the molecule upon which an enzyme acts
enzymes
biological catalysts; their names usually end in - ase
catalyst
any chemical substance that causes or speeds up a chemical re…
6 terms
enzymes
catalyst
enzyme
metabolism
substrate
speeds up chemical reaction, and are not used up
biological catalyst speeds up metabolism
chemical reactions in living cells
a molecule upon which an enzyme acts
catalyst
speeds up chemical reaction, and are not used up
enzyme
biological catalyst speeds up metabolism
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