Study sets matching "term:enzymes = proteins that speed up chemical reactions in the body"

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Study sets matching "term:enzymes = proteins that speed up chemical reactions in the body"

bio chemistry Functional protein -enzymes that catalyze(speed up) chemical reactions
What do catalysts do?
what is the significance of enzymes?
Functional protein
Structural Protein
they speed up reactions
they are necessary for all cellular chemical reactions
enzymes that catalyze(speed up) chemical reactions
-components of cell structures and organelles(little organs i…
What do catalysts do?
they speed up reactions
what is the significance of enzymes?
they are necessary for all cellular chemical reactions
11 terms
Enzymes and Chemical Reactions
protein
amino acid
enzyme
-ase
Class of nutrients made up of amino acids. They are needed to…
Building blocks of protein
A protein that makes a reaction happen QUICKER; decreases act…
Used in naming enzymes
protein
Class of nutrients made up of amino acids. They are needed to…
amino acid
Building blocks of protein
7 terms
2.4 Chemical Reactions & Enzymes
chemical reaction
reactant
product
activation energy
process that changes or transforms one set of chemicals into…
the elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
the elements or compounds produced by a chemical reaction
the amount of energy that is needed to get a reaction started
chemical reaction
process that changes or transforms one set of chemicals into…
reactant
the elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
7 terms
Chemical Reactions and Enzymes (chp 2.4)
chemical reaction
reactants
products
activation energy
process that changes, or transforms, one set of chemicals int…
elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
elements or compounds produced by a chemical reaction
energy that is needed to get a reaction started
chemical reaction
process that changes, or transforms, one set of chemicals int…
reactants
elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
7 terms
Chemical reactions and Enzymes
Chemical reaction
Reactant
Product
Activation energy
A process that changes one set of chemicals into another
Elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
Elements or compounds produced by a chemical reaction
Energy needed to get a reaction started
Chemical reaction
A process that changes one set of chemicals into another
Reactant
Elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
Enzymes and Chemical Reactions
protein
amino acid
enzyme
-ase
Class of nutrients made up of amino acids. They are needed to…
Building blocks of protein
A protein that makes a reaction happen QUICKER; decreases act…
Used in naming enzymes
protein
Class of nutrients made up of amino acids. They are needed to…
amino acid
Building blocks of protein
7 terms
2.4 The Chemistry of Life-Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
chemical reactions
reactants
products
activation energy
always involve changes in the chemical bond that join atoms i…
the elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
the elements or compounds that are produced by the reaction
the energy needed to get a reaction started
chemical reactions
always involve changes in the chemical bond that join atoms i…
reactants
the elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
Chemical Reactions & Enzymes
chemical reaction
reactant
product
activation energy
a process that changes or transforms one set of chemicals int…
the elements or compounds that enter (or begin) into a chemic…
the elements or compounds produced by a chemical reaction
the energy that is needed to get a chemical reaction started
chemical reaction
a process that changes or transforms one set of chemicals int…
reactant
the elements or compounds that enter (or begin) into a chemic…
10 terms
2.4 Enzymes & Chemical Reactions
Enzyme
Enzymes are _______ macromolecules
Catalyst
Reactant(s)
Biological catalyst, speed up biological chemical reactions
Protein
Speed up chemical reaction rates by decreasing amount of requ…
Starting substance(s) in a chemical reaction
Enzyme
Biological catalyst, speed up biological chemical reactions
Enzymes are _______ macromolecules
Protein
13 terms
Chemical Reactions and enzymes
chemical reaction
reactant
product
bond energy
A change in which one or more substances are converted into n…
A chemical substance that is present at the start of a chemic…
A substance produced in a chemical reaction
The amount of energy that will break a bond between two atoms.
chemical reaction
A change in which one or more substances are converted into n…
reactant
A chemical substance that is present at the start of a chemic…
11 terms
Enzymes and Proteins
Enzymes
Catalyst
Chemical (metabolic) reactions in the…
Examples of enzymes are...
-special type of protein ... -speed up the raye of chemical reac…
a substance that speeds up or initiates the rate of a chemica…
digestion... respiration... synthesis
salivary amylase - breaks down starch in the mouth... peptase -…
Enzymes
-special type of protein ... -speed up the raye of chemical reac…
Catalyst
a substance that speeds up or initiates the rate of a chemica…
Enzymes and & Chemical Reactions
active site
lactose an enzyme
the activation energy
extreme temperatures... change in Ph... the…
The part of the enzyme where the substrate binds the
Some people cannot digest milk because they lack
An enzyme speeds up a reaction by
Which of these factors can affect an enzymes activity
active site
The part of the enzyme where the substrate binds the
lactose an enzyme
Some people cannot digest milk because they lack
7 terms
Bio > 2-4 Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
chemical reactioin
reactant
product
activation energy
...
A chemical substance that is present at the start of a chemic…
A substance produced in a chemical reaction
Energy needed to get a reaction started
chemical reactioin
...
reactant
A chemical substance that is present at the start of a chemic…
22 terms
Biology Chapter 2.4- chemical reactions & enzymes
chemical reaction
reactants
products
bicarbonate buffering system
a process that changes one set of chemicals (reactants) into…
the elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
the elements or compounds made by a chemical reaction
chemical reactions that regulate blood pH, keeping it within…
chemical reaction
a process that changes one set of chemicals (reactants) into…
reactants
the elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
17 terms
Chapter 2-4 Enzymes and Chemical Reactions/Proteins
chemical reaction
reactant
product
activation energy
process that changes one set of chemicals into another set of…
element or compound that enters into chemical reaction
element or compound produced by a chemical reaction
amount of energy needed to get a reaction started
chemical reaction
process that changes one set of chemicals into another set of…
reactant
element or compound that enters into chemical reaction
Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
chemical reaction
reactant
product
activation energy
process that changes, or transforms, one set of chemicals int…
elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
elements or compounds produced by a chemical reaction
energy that is needed to get a reaction started
chemical reaction
process that changes, or transforms, one set of chemicals int…
reactant
elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
7 terms
Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
Chemical reaction
Reactant
Product
Activation energy
Process that changes, or transforms, one set of chemicals int…
Element or compound that enter into a chemical reaction
Element or compound produced by a chemical reaction
Energy that is needed to get a reaction started
Chemical reaction
Process that changes, or transforms, one set of chemicals int…
Reactant
Element or compound that enter into a chemical reaction
7 terms
Chemical Reactions and Enzymes Vocab
chemical reaction
reactant
product
activation energy
process that changes, or transforms, one set of chemicals int…
element or compound that enters into a chemical reaction
element or compound produced by a chemical reaction
energy that is needed to get a reaction started
chemical reaction
process that changes, or transforms, one set of chemicals int…
reactant
element or compound that enters into a chemical reaction
24 terms
Chemical Reactions 2.4 and Enzymes 2.5
Chemical Reaction
Reactants
products
Bond energy
change substances into different substances by breakins and f…
are the substances changed during a reaction... on the left side…
are the substances made during a reaction... on the right side o…
the energy required to break the bonds between two atoms
Chemical Reaction
change substances into different substances by breakins and f…
Reactants
are the substances changed during a reaction... on the left side…
7 terms
Bio_2.4: Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
chemical reaction
reactant
product
activation energy
Process in which chemical energy is used to produce carbohydr…
Elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
Elements or compounds produced by a chemical reaction
Energy that is needed to get a reaction started
chemical reaction
Process in which chemical energy is used to produce carbohydr…
reactant
Elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
11 terms
Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
chemical reaction
reactant
product
activation energy
a process that changes, or transforms, one set of chemicals i…
the elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
the elements or compounds produced by a chemical reaction
the energy that is needed to get a reaction started
chemical reaction
a process that changes, or transforms, one set of chemicals i…
reactant
the elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
7 terms
Lugo Biology 2.4 Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
chemical reaction
reactant
product
activation energy
a process that changes, or transforms, one set of chemicals i…
the elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
the elements or compounds produced by a chemical reaction
energy needed to get a reaction started
chemical reaction
a process that changes, or transforms, one set of chemicals i…
reactant
the elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
Chemical Reaction
Reactant
Product
Activation Energy
the process by which one or more substances change to produce…
A chemical substance that is present at the start of a chemic…
A substance produced in a chemical reaction
The amount of energy required to start a chemical reaction
Chemical Reaction
the process by which one or more substances change to produce…
Reactant
A chemical substance that is present at the start of a chemic…
7 terms
Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
chemical reaction
reactant
product
activation energy
A process in which one or more substances are changed into ot…
A substance that enters into a chemical reaction.
A substance formed as a result of a chemical reaction.
The minimum amount of energy required to start a chemical rea…
chemical reaction
A process in which one or more substances are changed into ot…
reactant
A substance that enters into a chemical reaction.
5 terms
Controlling Chemical Reactions 7.3
Activation energy
Concentration
Catalyst
Enzyme
The minimum amount of energy needed to start a chemical react…
The amount of one material in a certain volume of another mat…
A material that increases the rate of a reaction by lowering…
A type of protein that speeds up a chemical reaction in a liv…
Activation energy
The minimum amount of energy needed to start a chemical react…
Concentration
The amount of one material in a certain volume of another mat…
24 terms
(3.3) Enzymes Speed up Biochemical Reactions
Whether Energy is supplied or released…
Living systems depend on
Catalyst
Biological Catalysts (Enzymes)
Whether a reaction can occur, but not how fast it can occur
Spontaneous reactions
Speeds up chemical reactions without itself being permanently…
Proteins. Enzymes can bind the reactants in a chemical reacti…
Whether Energy is supplied or released…
Whether a reaction can occur, but not how fast it can occur
Living systems depend on
Spontaneous reactions
14 terms
Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
amino acids
lowering the activation energy
active site
chemical reaction
Proteins are polymers formed monomers
An enzyme speeds up a reaction by
In a chemcial reaction, a reactant binds to an enzyme at a re…
___ _____ is a process that changes one set of chemicals into…
amino acids
Proteins are polymers formed monomers
lowering the activation energy
An enzyme speeds up a reaction by
Enzymes and Chemical Reactions
protein
amino acid
enzyme
-ase
Class of nutrients made up of amino acids. They are needed to…
Building blocks of protein
A protein that makes a reaction happen QUICKER; decreases act…
Used in naming enzymes
protein
Class of nutrients made up of amino acids. They are needed to…
amino acid
Building blocks of protein
8 terms
Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
chemical reaction
catalyst
activation energy
enzyme
bonds break or form to create new substances
speeds up a chemical reaction
energy needed to start a chemical reaction
special protein that breaks down or puts substances together;…
chemical reaction
bonds break or form to create new substances
catalyst
speeds up a chemical reaction
8 terms
Chp 2.4 Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
chemical reaction
activation energy
enzymes
catalyst
is a process that changes one set of chemicals into another s…
the energy that is needed to get a reaction started
a protein catalyst that speeds up the rate of specific biolog…
the substance the speeds up the rate of a chemical reaction.
chemical reaction
is a process that changes one set of chemicals into another s…
activation energy
the energy that is needed to get a reaction started
22 terms
GrayScience Chapter 10 Chemical Reactions
chemical reaction
reactant
product
chemical equation
process that produces chemical change, resulting in new subst…
substance that exists before a chemical reaction begins
a substance formed as a result of a chemical reaction
shorthand form for writing what reactants are used and what p…
chemical reaction
process that produces chemical change, resulting in new subst…
reactant
substance that exists before a chemical reaction begins
15 terms
Chemical Reactions and Enzymes- Live
reactants
products
activation energy
active site
the molecules that enter into a chemical reaction (what we st…
the result of a chemical reaction (what is created)
energy needed to start a chemical reaction
the spot where the reactants bind to the enzyme
reactants
the molecules that enter into a chemical reaction (what we st…
products
the result of a chemical reaction (what is created)
12 terms
Energy, Chemical Reactions, & Enzymes
energy
reactants
products
energy absorbing reactions
the ability to move or change matter
the starting materials of a chemical reaction
the resulting(ending) materials of a chemical reaction
reaction in which chemical bonds are formed thus storing energy
energy
the ability to move or change matter
reactants
the starting materials of a chemical reaction
12 terms
2.4 Vocab - Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
chemical reaction
reactant
product
activation energy
the process by which one or more substances change to produce…
a starting substance in a chemical reaction
A substance produced in a chemical reaction
Energy needed to get a reaction started
chemical reaction
the process by which one or more substances change to produce…
reactant
a starting substance in a chemical reaction
12 terms
Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
chemical reaction
reactant
product
activation energy
process that changes, or transforms, one set of chemicals int…
elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction.
elements or compounds that are produced by a chemical reaction
energy that is needed to get a reaction started.
chemical reaction
process that changes, or transforms, one set of chemicals int…
reactant
elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction.
13 terms
1.8 Chemical reactions and enzymes
Activation energy
Endothermic reaction
Exothermic reaction
Catalyst
Energy required to start a reaction
Products have more energy than the reactants, energy is absor…
Products have less energy than the reactants, energy is relea…
Speeds up a reaction by reducing the activation energy
Activation energy
Energy required to start a reaction
Endothermic reaction
Products have more energy than the reactants, energy is absor…
Chapter 2, Section 4 (Chemical Reactions and Enzymes)
Chemical Reaction
Reactant
Product
Activation Energy
Process that changes one set of chemicals into another set of…
Element or compound that enters into a chemical reaction
Element or compound produced by a chemical reaction
Energy needed to get a reaction started
Chemical Reaction
Process that changes one set of chemicals into another set of…
Reactant
Element or compound that enters into a chemical reaction
2.4 Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
Chemical Reactions
Reactants
Products
Reactions
A process that changes or transforms, one set of chemicals in…
The element or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
The elements or compounds produced by a chemical reaction
Endothermic and Exothermic
Chemical Reactions
A process that changes or transforms, one set of chemicals in…
Reactants
The element or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
Chapter 2 - Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
Chemical Reaction
Reactant
Products
Activation Energy
Process that changes, or transforms, one set of chemicals int…
Elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction.
Elements or compounds produced by a chemical reaction.
Energy that is needed to get a reaction started.
Chemical Reaction
Process that changes, or transforms, one set of chemicals int…
Reactant
Elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction.
7 terms
2.4 Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
Chemical reaction
Reactant
Product
Activation energy
A process that changes one set of chemicals into another.
Elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction.
Elements or compounds produced by a chemical reaction.
The energy needed to get a reaction started.
Chemical reaction
A process that changes one set of chemicals into another.
Reactant
Elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction.
5 terms
Enzymes
activation energy
active site
catalyst
enzyme
the energy needed to get a chemical reaction started
the region on an enzyme that binds to the substrate
a substance that speeds up chemical reactions, without being…
a protein that increases the rate of a chemical reaction with…
activation energy
the energy needed to get a chemical reaction started
active site
the region on an enzyme that binds to the substrate
18 terms
Enzymes & Chemical Reactions
physical reaction
chemical reaction
reactants
products
changes the form of a substance
changes a substance into something else
substances that change/react (on left side of arrow)
substances that are made/produced (on right side of arrow)
physical reaction
changes the form of a substance
chemical reaction
changes a substance into something else
7 terms
Chemical Reactions and Enzymes (2-4)
Chemical Reaction
Reactants
Products
Activation Energy
a process that changes or transforms one set of chemicals int…
the elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
the elements or compounds produced by a chemical reaction
the energy needed to get a reaction started
Chemical Reaction
a process that changes or transforms one set of chemicals int…
Reactants
the elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
20 terms
Chemical Reactions
physical change
chemical change
reactant
product
a change that alter the form or appearance but does not make…
a change in which one or more substances combine or break apa…
a substance that enters into a chemical reaction
a substance formed as a result of a chemical reaction
physical change
a change that alter the form or appearance but does not make…
chemical change
a change in which one or more substances combine or break apa…
7 terms
Section 2.4 Chemical reactions and Enzymes
Chemical reaction
Reactant
Product
Activation energy
Process that changes, or transforms, one set of chemicals int…
Elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
Elements or compounds produced by a chemical reaction
Energy that is needed to get a reaction started
Chemical reaction
Process that changes, or transforms, one set of chemicals int…
Reactant
Elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
proteins, enzymes ans chemical reactions
Proteins
Monomer of a Protein
Polymer of a Protein
Amino Acids
macromolecules that contain NITROGEN as well as carbon, hydro…
amino acid
polypeptide chains
contain amine group on one end (-NH2) and a carboxyl group on…
Proteins
macromolecules that contain NITROGEN as well as carbon, hydro…
Monomer of a Protein
amino acid
Chapter 2.4 Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
Chemical Reactions
Reactants
Products
Activation Energy
a process that changes, or transforms, one set of chemicals i…
elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
elements or compounds produced by a chemical reaction
energy that is needed to get a reaction
Chemical Reactions
a process that changes, or transforms, one set of chemicals i…
Reactants
elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
9 terms
Chemical reactions & enzymes
Chemical reaction
Reactants
Products
[reactants] —> [products]
A process that changes or transforms one set of chemicals int…
Compounds that enter a reaction
Compounds that are produced by a reaction
...
Chemical reaction
A process that changes or transforms one set of chemicals int…
Reactants
Compounds that enter a reaction
8 terms
Enzymes
enzyme
optimal temperature
denaturization (denature)
substrate
A protein that speeds up chemical reactions in the body
Temperature where enzyme activity is the highest/ its best
enzymes can not function if temperature is too high or too low
The reactant on which an enzyme works.
enzyme
A protein that speeds up chemical reactions in the body
optimal temperature
Temperature where enzyme activity is the highest/ its best
9 terms
Bio 2.4 Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
chemical reaction
reactant
product
activation energy
process that changes, or transforms one set of chemicals into…
elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
elements or compounds produced by a chemical reaction
energy that is needed to get a reaction started
chemical reaction
process that changes, or transforms one set of chemicals into…
reactant
elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
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