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Study sets matching "term:enzymes = proteins that speed up chemical reactions in the body"

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Study sets matching "term:enzymes = proteins that speed up chemical reactions in the body"

10 terms
bio chemistry Functional protein -enzymes that catalyze(speed up) chemical reactions
What do catalysts do?
what is the significance of enzymes?
Functional protein
Structural Protein
they speed up reactions
they are necessary for all cellular chemical reactions
enzymes that catalyze(speed up) chemical reactions
-components of cell structures and organelles(little organs i…
What do catalysts do?
they speed up reactions
what is the significance of enzymes?
they are necessary for all cellular chemical reactions
11 terms
Enzymes and Chemical Reactions
protein
amino acid
enzyme
-ase
Class of nutrients made up of amino acids. They are needed to…
Building blocks of protein
A protein that makes a reaction happen QUICKER; decreases act…
Used in naming enzymes
protein
Class of nutrients made up of amino acids. They are needed to…
amino acid
Building blocks of protein
12 terms
Enzymes and Chemical Reactions
protein
amino acid
enzyme
-ase
Class of nutrients made up of amino acids. They are needed to…
Building blocks of protein
A protein that makes a reaction happen QUICKER; decreases act…
Used in naming enzymes
protein
Class of nutrients made up of amino acids. They are needed to…
amino acid
Building blocks of protein
17 terms
Chapter 2-4 Enzymes and Chemical Reactions/Proteins
chemical reaction
reactant
product
activation energy
process that changes one set of chemicals into another set of…
element or compound that enters into chemical reaction
element or compound produced by a chemical reaction
amount of energy needed to get a reaction started
chemical reaction
process that changes one set of chemicals into another set of…
reactant
element or compound that enters into chemical reaction
11 terms
Chemical Reactions & Enzymes
chemical reaction
reactant
product
activation energy
a process that changes or transforms one set of chemicals int…
the elements or compounds that enter (or begin) into a chemic…
the elements or compounds produced by a chemical reaction
the energy that is needed to get a chemical reaction started
chemical reaction
a process that changes or transforms one set of chemicals int…
reactant
the elements or compounds that enter (or begin) into a chemic…
7 terms
2.4 Chemical Reactions & Enzymes
chemical reaction
reactant
product
activation energy
process that changes or transforms one set of chemicals into…
the elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
the elements or compounds produced by a chemical reaction
the amount of energy that is needed to get a reaction started
chemical reaction
process that changes or transforms one set of chemicals into…
reactant
the elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
14 terms
Enzymes and Chemical Reactions
protein
amino acid
enzyme
-ase
Class of nutrients made up of amino acids. They are needed to…
Building blocks of protein
A protein that makes a reaction happen QUICKER; decreases act…
Used in naming enzymes
protein
Class of nutrients made up of amino acids. They are needed to…
amino acid
Building blocks of protein
8 terms
Chp 2.4 Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
chemical reaction
activation energy
enzymes
catalyst
is a process that changes one set of chemicals into another s…
the energy that is needed to get a reaction started
a protein catalyst that speeds up the rate of specific biolog…
the substance the speeds up the rate of a chemical reaction.
chemical reaction
is a process that changes one set of chemicals into another s…
activation energy
the energy that is needed to get a reaction started
13 terms
Chemical Reactions and enzymes
chemical reaction
reactant
product
bond energy
A change in which one or more substances are converted into n…
A chemical substance that is present at the start of a chemic…
A substance produced in a chemical reaction
The amount of energy that will break a bond between two atoms.
chemical reaction
A change in which one or more substances are converted into n…
reactant
A chemical substance that is present at the start of a chemic…
12 terms
2.4 Vocab - Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
chemical reaction
reactant
product
activation energy
the process by which one or more substances change to produce…
a starting substance in a chemical reaction
A substance produced in a chemical reaction
Energy needed to get a reaction started
chemical reaction
the process by which one or more substances change to produce…
reactant
a starting substance in a chemical reaction
22 terms
Biology Chapter 2.4- chemical reactions & enzymes
chemical reaction
reactants
products
bicarbonate buffering system
a process that changes one set of chemicals (reactants) into…
the elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
the elements or compounds made by a chemical reaction
chemical reactions that regulate blood pH, keeping it within…
chemical reaction
a process that changes one set of chemicals (reactants) into…
reactants
the elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
10 terms
2.4 Enzymes & Chemical Reactions
Enzyme
Enzymes are _______ macromolecules
Catalyst
Reactant(s)
Biological catalyst, speed up biological chemical reactions
Protein
Speed up chemical reaction rates by decreasing amount of requ…
Starting substance(s) in a chemical reaction
Enzyme
Biological catalyst, speed up biological chemical reactions
Enzymes are _______ macromolecules
Protein
24 terms
Chemical Reactions 2.4 and Enzymes 2.5
Chemical Reaction
Reactants
products
Bond energy
change substances into different substances by breakins and f…
are the substances changed during a reaction... on the left side…
are the substances made during a reaction... on the right side o…
the energy required to break the bonds between two atoms
Chemical Reaction
change substances into different substances by breakins and f…
Reactants
are the substances changed during a reaction... on the left side…
18 terms
proteins, enzymes ans chemical reactions
Proteins
Monomer of a Protein
Polymer of a Protein
Amino Acids
macromolecules that contain NITROGEN as well as carbon, hydro…
amino acid
polypeptide chains
contain amine group on one end (-NH2) and a carboxyl group on…
Proteins
macromolecules that contain NITROGEN as well as carbon, hydro…
Monomer of a Protein
amino acid
12 terms
Enzymes and Chemical Reactions
chemical reaction
reactant
product
enzyme
process that changes one set of chemicals into another
starting materials of any chemical reaction
ending materials of any chemical reaction
protein that assists in chemical reactions
chemical reaction
process that changes one set of chemicals into another
reactant
starting materials of any chemical reaction
Enzymes and Chemical Reactions
chemical reaction
reactants
products
spontaneous reactions
process that changes one set of chemicals into another set of…
elements or compounds that enter the chemical reaction
elements or compounds that are made from a reaction
release energy
chemical reaction
process that changes one set of chemicals into another set of…
reactants
elements or compounds that enter the chemical reaction
15 terms
(B 02.4) Chemical Reactions & Enzymes!
Activation Energy
Catalyst
Chemical Reaction
Endothermic Reactions
The energy needed for a chemical reaction to get started
A substance that speeds up the rate of a chemical reaction
A process that changes, or transforms, one set of chemicals i…
Chemical reactions that require energy to begin
Activation Energy
The energy needed for a chemical reaction to get started
Catalyst
A substance that speeds up the rate of a chemical reaction
11 terms
Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
chemical reaction
reactant
product
activation energy
a process that changes, or transforms, one set of chemicals i…
the elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
the elements or compounds produced by a chemical reaction
the energy that is needed to get a reaction started
chemical reaction
a process that changes, or transforms, one set of chemicals i…
reactant
the elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
8 terms
Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
Chemical Reaction
Reactant
Product
Activation Energy
the process by which one or more substances change to produce…
A chemical substance that is present at the start of a chemic…
A substance produced in a chemical reaction
The amount of energy required to start a chemical reaction
Chemical Reaction
the process by which one or more substances change to produce…
Reactant
A chemical substance that is present at the start of a chemic…
7 terms
Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
chemical reaction
reactant
product
activation energy
A process in which one or more substances are changed into ot…
A substance that enters into a chemical reaction.
A substance formed as a result of a chemical reaction.
The minimum amount of energy required to start a chemical rea…
chemical reaction
A process in which one or more substances are changed into ot…
reactant
A substance that enters into a chemical reaction.
20 terms
Chemical Reactions
physical change
chemical change
reactant
product
a change that alter the form or appearance but does not make…
a change in which one or more substances combine or break apa…
a substance that enters into a chemical reaction
a substance formed as a result of a chemical reaction
physical change
a change that alter the form or appearance but does not make…
chemical change
a change in which one or more substances combine or break apa…
7 terms
Enzymes
Enzyme
Substrate
Active Site
Protein
A type of protein that speeds up a chemical reaction in a liv…
A substance on which an enzyme acts during a chemical reaction.
Location on the enzyme where the substrate will bind
A molecule that is made up of amino acids and that is needed…
Enzyme
A type of protein that speeds up a chemical reaction in a liv…
Substrate
A substance on which an enzyme acts during a chemical reaction.
7 terms
Bio_2.4: Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
chemical reaction
reactant
product
activation energy
Process in which chemical energy is used to produce carbohydr…
Elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
Elements or compounds produced by a chemical reaction
Energy that is needed to get a reaction started
chemical reaction
Process in which chemical energy is used to produce carbohydr…
reactant
Elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
8 terms
Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
chemical reaction
catalyst
activation energy
enzyme
bonds break or form to create new substances
speeds up a chemical reaction
energy needed to start a chemical reaction
special protein that breaks down or puts substances together;…
chemical reaction
bonds break or form to create new substances
catalyst
speeds up a chemical reaction
Enzymes and & Chemical Reactions
active site
lactose an enzyme
the activation energy
extreme temperatures... change in Ph... the…
The part of the enzyme where the substrate binds the
Some people cannot digest milk because they lack
An enzyme speeds up a reaction by
Which of these factors can affect an enzymes activity
active site
The part of the enzyme where the substrate binds the
lactose an enzyme
Some people cannot digest milk because they lack
15 terms
Chemical Reactions and Enzymes- Live
reactants
products
activation energy
active site
the molecules that enter into a chemical reaction (what we st…
the result of a chemical reaction (what is created)
energy needed to start a chemical reaction
the spot where the reactants bind to the enzyme
reactants
the molecules that enter into a chemical reaction (what we st…
products
the result of a chemical reaction (what is created)
8 terms
Enzymes
enzyme
optimal temperature
denaturization (denature)
substrate
A protein that speeds up chemical reactions in the body
Temperature where enzyme activity is the highest/ its best
enzymes can not function if temperature is too high or too low
The reactant on which an enzyme works.
enzyme
A protein that speeds up chemical reactions in the body
optimal temperature
Temperature where enzyme activity is the highest/ its best
11 terms
Proteins & Enzymes
Amino Acids
Peptide bond
Polypeptide
Essential Amino Acids
Building blocks of protiens
Bond that forms between amino acids.
Another name for protein.
Amino acids that one must obtain through diet.
Amino Acids
Building blocks of protiens
Peptide bond
Bond that forms between amino acids.
13 terms
1.8 Chemical reactions and enzymes
Activation energy
Endothermic reaction
Exothermic reaction
Catalyst
Energy required to start a reaction
Products have more energy than the reactants, energy is absor…
Products have less energy than the reactants, energy is relea…
Speeds up a reaction by reducing the activation energy
Activation energy
Energy required to start a reaction
Endothermic reaction
Products have more energy than the reactants, energy is absor…
Enzymes
activation energy
reactants
enzymes
energy
energy needed for a chemical reaction to take place
speed up chemical reactions by lowering the activation energy
the ability to cause matter to move or change
activation energy
energy needed for a chemical reaction to take place
reactants
Chemical Reactions
chemical reaction
substance
acctivation energy
enzyme
a process in which one or more substances are changed into a…
material, matter, stuff item
energy neede to start a chemical reaction
protein that makes or breaks chemical bonds
chemical reaction
a process in which one or more substances are changed into a…
substance
material, matter, stuff item
12 terms
Energy, Chemical Reactions, & Enzymes
energy
reactants
products
energy absorbing reactions
the ability to move or change matter
the starting materials of a chemical reaction
the resulting(ending) materials of a chemical reaction
reaction in which chemical bonds are formed thus storing energy
energy
the ability to move or change matter
reactants
the starting materials of a chemical reaction
18 terms
Enzymes & Chemical Reactions
physical reaction
chemical reaction
reactants
products
changes the form of a substance
changes a substance into something else
substances that change/react (on left side of arrow)
substances that are made/produced (on right side of arrow)
physical reaction
changes the form of a substance
chemical reaction
changes a substance into something else
24 terms
(3.3) Enzymes Speed up Biochemical Reactions
Whether Energy is supplied or released…
Living systems depend on
Catalyst
Biological Catalysts (Enzymes)
Whether a reaction can occur, but not how fast it can occur
Spontaneous reactions
Speeds up chemical reactions without itself being permanently…
Proteins. Enzymes can bind the reactants in a chemical reacti…
Whether Energy is supplied or released…
Whether a reaction can occur, but not how fast it can occur
Living systems depend on
Spontaneous reactions
9 terms
2.4 Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
Chemical Reactions
Reactants
Products
Reactions
A process that changes or transforms, one set of chemicals in…
The element or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
The elements or compounds produced by a chemical reaction
Endothermic and Exothermic
Chemical Reactions
A process that changes or transforms, one set of chemicals in…
Reactants
The element or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
7 terms
2.4 Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
Chemical reaction
Reactant
Product
Activation energy
A process that changes one set of chemicals into another.
Elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction.
Elements or compounds produced by a chemical reaction.
The energy needed to get a reaction started.
Chemical reaction
A process that changes one set of chemicals into another.
Reactant
Elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction.
14 terms
Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
amino acids
lowering the activation energy
active site
chemical reaction
Proteins are polymers formed monomers
An enzyme speeds up a reaction by
In a chemcial reaction, a reactant binds to an enzyme at a re…
___ _____ is a process that changes one set of chemicals into…
amino acids
Proteins are polymers formed monomers
lowering the activation energy
An enzyme speeds up a reaction by
11 terms
Enzymes and Proteins
Enzymes
Catalyst
Chemical (metabolic) reactions in the…
Examples of enzymes are...
-special type of protein ... -speed up the raye of chemical reac…
a substance that speeds up or initiates the rate of a chemica…
digestion... respiration... synthesis
salivary amylase - breaks down starch in the mouth... peptase -…
Enzymes
-special type of protein ... -speed up the raye of chemical reac…
Catalyst
a substance that speeds up or initiates the rate of a chemica…
13 terms
Proteins and enzymes
protein
enzyme
catalyst
antibodies
A molecule that is made up of amino acids and that is needed…
A type of protein that speeds up a chemical reaction in a liv…
A substance that speeds up the rate of a chemical reaction wi…
Specialized proteins that aid in destroying pathogens
protein
A molecule that is made up of amino acids and that is needed…
enzyme
A type of protein that speeds up a chemical reaction in a liv…
11 terms
Chemistry of Life 4: Chemical Reactions & Enzymes
chemical reaction
reactant
product
substrate
a process that involves rearrangement of the molecular or ion…
Substances in a chemical reaction that are consumed during th…
the resulting substance formed from chemical reactions
the reactant(s) that go into an enzyme-catalyzed reaction
chemical reaction
a process that involves rearrangement of the molecular or ion…
reactant
Substances in a chemical reaction that are consumed during th…
23 terms
Proteins and Enzymes
peptide
polypeptide chain
amino acids
conformation
bonds that connect amino acids
many amino acids linked together
monomers of proteins
final shape of a protein
peptide
bonds that connect amino acids
polypeptide chain
many amino acids linked together
7 terms
Chapter 2 - Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
Chemical Reaction
Reactant
Products
Activation Energy
Process that changes, or transforms, one set of chemicals int…
Elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction.
Elements or compounds produced by a chemical reaction.
Energy that is needed to get a reaction started.
Chemical Reaction
Process that changes, or transforms, one set of chemicals int…
Reactant
Elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction.
12 terms
Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
chemical reaction
reactant
product
activation energy
process that changes, or transforms, one set of chemicals int…
elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction.
elements or compounds that are produced by a chemical reaction
energy that is needed to get a reaction started.
chemical reaction
process that changes, or transforms, one set of chemicals int…
reactant
elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction.
9 terms
Bio 2.4 Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
chemical reaction
reactant
product
activation energy
process that changes, or transforms one set of chemicals into…
elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
elements or compounds produced by a chemical reaction
energy that is needed to get a reaction started
chemical reaction
process that changes, or transforms one set of chemicals into…
reactant
elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
11 terms
CHEMICAL REACTIONS AND ENZYMES
What is an enzyme
What do enzymes do?
Everything that happens in something l…
What is a chemical reaction?
protein
Enzymes speed up chemical reactions that take place in cells.
a chemical reaction
A process that changes one set of chemicals into another.
What is an enzyme
protein
What do enzymes do?
Enzymes speed up chemical reactions that take place in cells.
7 terms
Chapter 2, Section 4 (Chemical Reactions and Enzymes)
Chemical Reaction
Reactant
Product
Activation Energy
Process that changes one set of chemicals into another set of…
Element or compound that enters into a chemical reaction
Element or compound produced by a chemical reaction
Energy needed to get a reaction started
Chemical Reaction
Process that changes one set of chemicals into another set of…
Reactant
Element or compound that enters into a chemical reaction
17 terms
Enzymes
Chemical reaction
Products
reactants
Activation energy
Changing one set of chemicals into another set of chemicals
Chemicals produced in a reaction
Chemicals present before a reaction
Energy needed to break the bonds of the reactants and get the…
Chemical reaction
Changing one set of chemicals into another set of chemicals
Products
Chemicals produced in a reaction
9 terms
2.4 Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
Chemical Reactions
Reactants
Products
Reactions
A process that changes or transforms, one set of chemicals in…
The element or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
The elements or compounds produced by a chemical reaction
Endothermic and Exothermic
Chemical Reactions
A process that changes or transforms, one set of chemicals in…
Reactants
The element or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
amino acids
lowering the activation energy
active site
chemical reaction
Proteins are polymers formed monomers
An enzyme speeds up a reaction by
In a chemcial reaction, a reactant binds to an enzyme at a re…
___ _____ is a process that changes one set of chemicals into…
amino acids
Proteins are polymers formed monomers
lowering the activation energy
An enzyme speeds up a reaction by
7 terms
2-4: Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
Chemical Reaction
Reactant
Product
Activation Energy
process that changes one set of chemicals into another set of…
element or compound that enters into a chemical reaction
element or compound produced by a chemical reaction
energy needed to get a reaction started
Chemical Reaction
process that changes one set of chemicals into another set of…
Reactant
element or compound that enters into a chemical reaction
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