Study sets matching "term:enzymes = specialized macromolecules that speed up chemical reactions in cells."

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Study sets matching "term:enzymes = specialized macromolecules that speed up chemical reactions in cells."

bio chemistry Functional protein -enzymes that catalyze(speed up) chemical reactions
What do catalysts do?
what is the significance of enzymes?
Functional protein
Structural Protein
they speed up reactions
they are necessary for all cellular chemical reactions
enzymes that catalyze(speed up) chemical reactions
-components of cell structures and organelles(little organs i…
What do catalysts do?
they speed up reactions
what is the significance of enzymes?
they are necessary for all cellular chemical reactions
5.5 Enzymes speed up the cell's chemical reactions by lowering energy barriers
What keeps ATP from spontaneously deco…
What does energy of activation do?
What would happen to a cell if its rea…
What type of catalyst is an enzyme?
energy barriers (energy of activation)
gets a chemical reaction going
die
biological, organic
What keeps ATP from spontaneously deco…
energy barriers (energy of activation)
What does energy of activation do?
gets a chemical reaction going
11 terms
Enzymes and Chemical Reactions
protein
amino acid
enzyme
-ase
Class of nutrients made up of amino acids. They are needed to…
Building blocks of protein
A protein that makes a reaction happen QUICKER; decreases act…
Used in naming enzymes
protein
Class of nutrients made up of amino acids. They are needed to…
amino acid
Building blocks of protein
7 terms
2.4 Chemical Reactions & Enzymes
chemical reaction
reactant
product
activation energy
process that changes or transforms one set of chemicals into…
the elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
the elements or compounds produced by a chemical reaction
the amount of energy that is needed to get a reaction started
chemical reaction
process that changes or transforms one set of chemicals into…
reactant
the elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
7 terms
Chemical Reactions and Enzymes (chp 2.4)
chemical reaction
reactants
products
activation energy
process that changes, or transforms, one set of chemicals int…
elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
elements or compounds produced by a chemical reaction
energy that is needed to get a reaction started
chemical reaction
process that changes, or transforms, one set of chemicals int…
reactants
elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
9 terms
Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
enzymes
substrate
active site
exothermic
a biological catalyst that enables chemical reactions to take…
a substance that is changed by an enzyme
the part of an enzyme that "attaches" to a substrate
chemical reaction that releases energy; the products have les…
enzymes
a biological catalyst that enables chemical reactions to take…
substrate
a substance that is changed by an enzyme
Macromolecules,Chemical reactions, and enzymes
Macromolecules
Carbohydrates
Starch and sugar
Monosaccharide
Giant molecules
Compounds made up of CHO (Carbon Hydrogen Oxygen)
These are examples of carbohydrates. Starches form when sugar…
Single sugar molecule. ex. glucose, galactose and fructose
Macromolecules
Giant molecules
Carbohydrates
Compounds made up of CHO (Carbon Hydrogen Oxygen)
53 terms
Biochemistry: Chemical Reactions
anabolism
catabolism
endergonic
exergonic
metabolic chemical reactions that build up larger molecules f…
metabolic chemical reactions that break down complex organic…
Are anabolic reactions endergonic or exergonic?
Are catabolic reactions endergonic or exergonic?
anabolism
metabolic chemical reactions that build up larger molecules f…
catabolism
metabolic chemical reactions that break down complex organic…
10 terms
2.4 Enzymes & Chemical Reactions
Enzyme
Enzymes are _______ macromolecules
Catalyst
Reactant(s)
Biological catalyst, speed up biological chemical reactions
Protein
Speed up chemical reaction rates by decreasing amount of requ…
Starting substance(s) in a chemical reaction
Enzyme
Biological catalyst, speed up biological chemical reactions
Enzymes are _______ macromolecules
Protein
Chemical Reactions & Enzymes
chemical reaction
reactant
product
activation energy
a process that changes or transforms one set of chemicals int…
the elements or compounds that enter (or begin) into a chemic…
the elements or compounds produced by a chemical reaction
the energy that is needed to get a chemical reaction started
chemical reaction
a process that changes or transforms one set of chemicals int…
reactant
the elements or compounds that enter (or begin) into a chemic…
Macromolecules/enzymes/Organelles
carbohydrate
lipid
nucleic acid
protein
Class of organic compounds that includes monosaccharides & po…
organic compounds, such as fats, oils, and waxes, that are ma…
Biological macromolecule that stores genetic information. DNA…
An organic compound that is made of one or more chains of ami…
carbohydrate
Class of organic compounds that includes monosaccharides & po…
lipid
organic compounds, such as fats, oils, and waxes, that are ma…
16 terms
BHS Chemical Reactions
reactant
product
chemical reaction
compound
starting substance in a chemical reaction
final substance in a chemical reaction
process by which the atoms of an original substance rearrange…
A substance made up of atoms of two or more different element…
reactant
starting substance in a chemical reaction
product
final substance in a chemical reaction
8 terms
Chemical reactions and Enzymes
chemical reactions
reactants
products
activation energy
is the process that changes, or transforms.
the element or compound that enter into a chemical reaction.
the element or compound that is produced by a chemical reacti…
what is used to start a chemical reaction.
chemical reactions
is the process that changes, or transforms.
reactants
the element or compound that enter into a chemical reaction.
2.4 Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
Chemical Reaction
Activation Energy
Reactants
Products
Process by which substances change into different substances…
Energy input necessary to initiate a chemical reaction
Substance that is changed by a chemical reaction.
Substances made by the chemical reaction
Chemical Reaction
Process by which substances change into different substances…
Activation Energy
Energy input necessary to initiate a chemical reaction
7 terms
Chemical reactions and Enzymes
Chemical reaction
Reactant
Product
Activation energy
A process that changes one set of chemicals into another
Elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
Elements or compounds produced by a chemical reaction
Energy needed to get a reaction started
Chemical reaction
A process that changes one set of chemicals into another
Reactant
Elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
Unit 3.2- Macromolecules and Enzymes
macromolecules
carbohydrates
protein
monosaccharide
the large molecules necessary for life processes to happen
sugars, starches and fibers found in fruits, grains, vegetabl…
molecules made of amino acid building blocks...these allow th…
a sugar molecule composed of a single sugar monomer
macromolecules
the large molecules necessary for life processes to happen
carbohydrates
sugars, starches and fibers found in fruits, grains, vegetabl…
18 terms
3.2 - Macromolecules and Enzymes
macromolecules
carbohydrates
protein
monosaccharide
the large molecules necessary for life processes to happen
sugars, starches and fibers found in fruits, grains, vegetabl…
molecules made of amino acid building blocks...these allow th…
a sugar molecule composed of a single sugar monomer
macromolecules
the large molecules necessary for life processes to happen
carbohydrates
sugars, starches and fibers found in fruits, grains, vegetabl…
7 terms
2.4 The Chemistry of Life-Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
chemical reactions
reactants
products
activation energy
always involve changes in the chemical bond that join atoms i…
the elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
the elements or compounds that are produced by the reaction
the energy needed to get a reaction started
chemical reactions
always involve changes in the chemical bond that join atoms i…
reactants
the elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
25 terms
Macromolecules - H/W, Enzymes and Cell Theory
Monomer
Polymer
Macromolecule
Carbohydrate
a single unit of an organic molecule.
a string of multiple attached monomers.
a large, complex molecule made up of many strings of polymers.
a "sugar" macromolecule that provides the body with quick, sh…
Monomer
a single unit of an organic molecule.
Polymer
a string of multiple attached monomers.
Enzymes
metabolism
enzyme
protein
amino acid
chemical reactions that take place in cells
type of protein that speeds up chemical reactions; can be den…
macromolecule used to regulate body functions (hormones) and…
building block or subunit of proteins like enzymes and hormones
metabolism
chemical reactions that take place in cells
enzyme
type of protein that speeds up chemical reactions; can be den…
13 terms
Chemical Reactions and enzymes
chemical reaction
reactant
product
bond energy
A change in which one or more substances are converted into n…
A chemical substance that is present at the start of a chemic…
A substance produced in a chemical reaction
The amount of energy that will break a bond between two atoms.
chemical reaction
A change in which one or more substances are converted into n…
reactant
A chemical substance that is present at the start of a chemic…
18 terms
Unit III: Macromolecules and Enzymes (TRG 3.2)
macromolecules
carbohydrates
protein
monosaccharide
the large molecules necessary for life processes to happen
sugars, starches and fibers found in fruits, grains, vegetabl…
molecules made of amino acid building blocks...these allow th…
a sugar molecule composed of a single sugar monomer
macromolecules
the large molecules necessary for life processes to happen
carbohydrates
sugars, starches and fibers found in fruits, grains, vegetabl…
Enzymes and Chemical Reactions
protein
amino acid
enzyme
-ase
Class of nutrients made up of amino acids. They are needed to…
Building blocks of protein
A protein that makes a reaction happen QUICKER; decreases act…
Used in naming enzymes
protein
Class of nutrients made up of amino acids. They are needed to…
amino acid
Building blocks of protein
26 terms
Macromolecules & Enzymes
Monosaccharide
Disaccharide
Polysaccharide
Glucose
A simple, single molecule of sugar such as glucose.
2 monosaccharides bound together by a glycoside linkage
Carbohydrate polymers made up of numerous monosaccharide unit…
A simple sugar most organisms use for energy
Monosaccharide
A simple, single molecule of sugar such as glucose.
Disaccharide
2 monosaccharides bound together by a glycoside linkage
25 terms
Dr A: Enzymes and Macromolecules
Amino Acid
Peptide
Enzyme
Cellulose
The picture represents a monomer of a
The bond used to hold amino acids together in proteins
A protein that speeds up a reaction
Plants store carbohydrates as
Amino Acid
The picture represents a monomer of a
Peptide
The bond used to hold amino acids together in proteins
22 terms
Biology Chapter 2.4- chemical reactions & enzymes
chemical reaction
reactants
products
bicarbonate buffering system
a process that changes one set of chemicals (reactants) into…
the elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
the elements or compounds made by a chemical reaction
chemical reactions that regulate blood pH, keeping it within…
chemical reaction
a process that changes one set of chemicals (reactants) into…
reactants
the elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
8 terms
Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
chemical reaction
catalyst
activation energy
enzyme
bonds break or form to create new substances
speeds up a chemical reaction
energy needed to start a chemical reaction
special protein that breaks down or puts substances together;…
chemical reaction
bonds break or form to create new substances
catalyst
speeds up a chemical reaction
11 terms
Unit 2: Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
Chemical reaction
Reactants
Products
Exothermic reaction
A process that changes one set of chemicals to another, invol…
The compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
The elements or compounds produced by the chemical reaction
Release energy
Chemical reaction
A process that changes one set of chemicals to another, invol…
Reactants
The compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
10 terms
Enzymes and Cell Theory
Chemical Reaction (50)
Reactant (50)
Product (50)
Activation Energy (51)
A process that changes, or transforms, one set of chemicals i…
the elements, or compounds, that ENTER into a chemical reaction
The element, of compounds, PRODUCED by a chemical reaction
the energy needed to get a reaction started
Chemical Reaction (50)
A process that changes, or transforms, one set of chemicals i…
Reactant (50)
the elements, or compounds, that ENTER into a chemical reaction
5 terms
Controlling Chemical Reactions 7.3
Activation energy
Concentration
Catalyst
Enzyme
The minimum amount of energy needed to start a chemical react…
The amount of one material in a certain volume of another mat…
A material that increases the rate of a reaction by lowering…
A type of protein that speeds up a chemical reaction in a liv…
Activation energy
The minimum amount of energy needed to start a chemical react…
Concentration
The amount of one material in a certain volume of another mat…
7 terms
Bio > 2-4 Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
chemical reactioin
reactant
product
activation energy
...
A chemical substance that is present at the start of a chemic…
A substance produced in a chemical reaction
Energy needed to get a reaction started
chemical reactioin
...
reactant
A chemical substance that is present at the start of a chemic…
15 terms
Macromolecules and Enzymes
protein
amino acid
enzyme
substrate
an organic compound that is made of one or more chains of ami…
the monomer of a protein
a type of protein that speeds up a chemical reaction in a liv…
a specific reactant acted upon by an enzyme
protein
an organic compound that is made of one or more chains of ami…
amino acid
the monomer of a protein
Enzymes and chemical reactions
Enzymes
Catalyst
Activation energy
Denaturation
Molecules that speed up specific reaction cells... Molecular ca…
Biological molecule that speeds up chemical reactions
Energy required to start reaction
Change shape
Enzymes
Molecules that speed up specific reaction cells... Molecular ca…
Catalyst
Biological molecule that speeds up chemical reactions
8 terms
Chp 2.4 Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
chemical reaction
activation energy
enzymes
catalyst
is a process that changes one set of chemicals into another s…
the energy that is needed to get a reaction started
a protein catalyst that speeds up the rate of specific biolog…
the substance the speeds up the rate of a chemical reaction.
chemical reaction
is a process that changes one set of chemicals into another s…
activation energy
the energy that is needed to get a reaction started
Chemical Compounds in Cells
Elements
Compounds
Organic Compounds
Inorganic Compounds
Any substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substan…
Two or more elements combine chemically to form this
Compounds in living things. Contains CARBON
Compounds in non-living thing. Does not contain carbon.
Elements
Any substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substan…
Compounds
Two or more elements combine chemically to form this
13 terms
1.8 Chemical reactions and enzymes
Activation energy
Endothermic reaction
Exothermic reaction
Catalyst
Energy required to start a reaction
Products have more energy than the reactants, energy is absor…
Products have less energy than the reactants, energy is relea…
Speeds up a reaction by reducing the activation energy
Activation energy
Energy required to start a reaction
Endothermic reaction
Products have more energy than the reactants, energy is absor…
52 terms
Enzymes, macromolecules
Proteins
Denatured
The shape
Catalyst
What type of organic molecule are enzymes?
When an enzyme loses its shape it is said to have become ____…
What determines the function of an enzyme?
A molecule that speeds up a chemical reaction but is not chan…
Proteins
What type of organic molecule are enzymes?
Denatured
When an enzyme loses its shape it is said to have become ____…
15 terms
Macromolecules
carbohydrate
lipid
nucleic acid
protein
Class of organic compounds that includes monosaccharides & po…
organic compounds, such as fats, oils, and waxes, that are ma…
Biological macromolecule that stores genetic information. DNA…
An organic compound that is made of one or more chains of ami…
carbohydrate
Class of organic compounds that includes monosaccharides & po…
lipid
organic compounds, such as fats, oils, and waxes, that are ma…
41 terms
Macromolecules and Enzymes
Carbohydrates, Proteins, Nucleic Acids…
Carbohydrates and Lipids
Proteins
Nucleic Acids
The four Macromolecules are...
Macromolecule(s) with the elements CHO
Macromolecule(s) with the elements CHON
Macromolecule(s) with the elements CHONP
Carbohydrates, Proteins, Nucleic Acids…
The four Macromolecules are...
Carbohydrates and Lipids
Macromolecule(s) with the elements CHO
14 terms
Enzymes
Activation energy
Enzyme
Active site
Catalyst
Energy needed to start a reaction
a protein that works as a catalyst to speed up chemical react…
slot or groove on the enzyme where a substrate fits
a substance that speeds up a reaction
Activation energy
Energy needed to start a reaction
Enzyme
a protein that works as a catalyst to speed up chemical react…
24 terms
(3.3) Enzymes Speed up Biochemical Reactions
Whether Energy is supplied or released…
Living systems depend on
Catalyst
Biological Catalysts (Enzymes)
Whether a reaction can occur, but not how fast it can occur
Spontaneous reactions
Speeds up chemical reactions without itself being permanently…
Proteins. Enzymes can bind the reactants in a chemical reacti…
Whether Energy is supplied or released…
Whether a reaction can occur, but not how fast it can occur
Living systems depend on
Spontaneous reactions
20 terms
Macromolecules and Enzymes Study Set
carbohydrates
Lipids
proteins
nucleic acids
made of carbon, oxygen, hydrogen, sugars, and starches used f…
made of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen they are oils, fats, and…
made of carbon, oxygen, hydrogen, and nitrogen and makes up m…
made of carbon oxygen, hydrogen, phosphorus, and nitrogen the…
carbohydrates
made of carbon, oxygen, hydrogen, sugars, and starches used f…
Lipids
made of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen they are oils, fats, and…
6 terms
Unit 4 - Vocab Set 3 Macromolecules
Reactant
Enzyme
Catalyst
Substrate
A chemical substance that is present at the start of a chemic…
A type of protein that speeds up a chemical reaction in a liv…
A substance that speeds up the rate of a chemical reaction.
The reactant on which an enzyme works.
Reactant
A chemical substance that is present at the start of a chemic…
Enzyme
A type of protein that speeds up a chemical reaction in a liv…
Chemical compounds in cells
lipids
carbohydrates
proteins
element
Energy-rich organic compounds, such as fats, oils, and waxes,…
Broken down to glucose to provide energy.
Any of a group of complex organic macromolecules that are com…
A substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substances
lipids
Energy-rich organic compounds, such as fats, oils, and waxes,…
carbohydrates
Broken down to glucose to provide energy.
24 terms
Chemical Reactions 2.4 and Enzymes 2.5
Chemical Reaction
Reactants
products
Bond energy
change substances into different substances by breakins and f…
are the substances changed during a reaction... on the left side…
are the substances made during a reaction... on the right side o…
the energy required to break the bonds between two atoms
Chemical Reaction
change substances into different substances by breakins and f…
Reactants
are the substances changed during a reaction... on the left side…
7 terms
Lugo Biology 2.4 Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
chemical reaction
reactant
product
activation energy
a process that changes, or transforms, one set of chemicals i…
the elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
the elements or compounds produced by a chemical reaction
energy needed to get a reaction started
chemical reaction
a process that changes, or transforms, one set of chemicals i…
reactant
the elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
chemical reaction
reactant
product
activation energy
process that changes, or transforms, one set of chemicals int…
elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
elements or compounds produced by a chemical reaction
energy that is needed to get a reaction started
chemical reaction
process that changes, or transforms, one set of chemicals int…
reactant
elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
7 terms
Bio_2.4: Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
chemical reaction
reactant
product
activation energy
Process in which chemical energy is used to produce carbohydr…
Elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
Elements or compounds produced by a chemical reaction
Energy that is needed to get a reaction started
chemical reaction
Process in which chemical energy is used to produce carbohydr…
reactant
Elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
16 terms
Macromolecules, Chemical Reactions & Enzymes Vocab
Chemical reaction
Reactant
Product
Activation energy
is the process by which atoms or groups of atoms in substance…
substance that exists before a chemical reaction starts; loca…
substance formed by a chemical reaction; located on the right…
the minimum amount of energy needed for reactants to form pro…
Chemical reaction
is the process by which atoms or groups of atoms in substance…
Reactant
substance that exists before a chemical reaction starts; loca…
7 terms
Chemical Reactions and Enzymes Vocab
chemical reaction
reactant
product
activation energy
process that changes, or transforms, one set of chemicals int…
element or compound that enters into a chemical reaction
element or compound produced by a chemical reaction
energy that is needed to get a reaction started
chemical reaction
process that changes, or transforms, one set of chemicals int…
reactant
element or compound that enters into a chemical reaction
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