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Study sets matching "term:enzymes = specialized macromolecules that speed up chemical reactions in cells."

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Study sets matching "term:enzymes = specialized macromolecules that speed up chemical reactions in cells."

10 terms
bio chemistry Functional protein -enzymes that catalyze(speed up) chemical reactions
What do catalysts do?
what is the significance of enzymes?
Functional protein
Structural Protein
they speed up reactions
they are necessary for all cellular chemical reactions
enzymes that catalyze(speed up) chemical reactions
-components of cell structures and organelles(little organs i…
What do catalysts do?
they speed up reactions
what is the significance of enzymes?
they are necessary for all cellular chemical reactions
11 terms
Enzymes and Chemical Reactions
protein
amino acid
enzyme
-ase
Class of nutrients made up of amino acids. They are needed to…
Building blocks of protein
A protein that makes a reaction happen QUICKER; decreases act…
Used in naming enzymes
protein
Class of nutrients made up of amino acids. They are needed to…
amino acid
Building blocks of protein
11 terms
Chemical Reactions & Enzymes
chemical reaction
reactant
product
activation energy
a process that changes or transforms one set of chemicals int…
the elements or compounds that enter (or begin) into a chemic…
the elements or compounds produced by a chemical reaction
the energy that is needed to get a chemical reaction started
chemical reaction
a process that changes or transforms one set of chemicals int…
reactant
the elements or compounds that enter (or begin) into a chemic…
15 terms
Macromolecules/enzymes/Organelles
carbohydrate
lipid
nucleic acid
protein
Class of organic compounds that includes monosaccharides & po…
organic compounds, such as fats, oils, and waxes, that are ma…
Biological macromolecule that stores genetic information. DNA…
An organic compound that is made of one or more chains of ami…
carbohydrate
Class of organic compounds that includes monosaccharides & po…
lipid
organic compounds, such as fats, oils, and waxes, that are ma…
8 terms
Chp 2.4 Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
chemical reaction
activation energy
enzymes
catalyst
is a process that changes one set of chemicals into another s…
the energy that is needed to get a reaction started
a protein catalyst that speeds up the rate of specific biolog…
the substance the speeds up the rate of a chemical reaction.
chemical reaction
is a process that changes one set of chemicals into another s…
activation energy
the energy that is needed to get a reaction started
10 terms
2.4 Enzymes & Chemical Reactions
Enzyme
Enzymes are _______ macromolecules
Catalyst
Reactant(s)
Biological catalyst, speed up biological chemical reactions
Protein
Speed up chemical reaction rates by decreasing amount of requ…
Starting substance(s) in a chemical reaction
Enzyme
Biological catalyst, speed up biological chemical reactions
Enzymes are _______ macromolecules
Protein
2.4 Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
Chemical Reaction
Activation Energy
Reactants
Products
Process by which substances change into different substances…
Energy input necessary to initiate a chemical reaction
Substance that is changed by a chemical reaction.
Substances made by the chemical reaction
Chemical Reaction
Process by which substances change into different substances…
Activation Energy
Energy input necessary to initiate a chemical reaction
16 terms
BHS Chemical Reactions
reactant
product
chemical reaction
compound
starting substance in a chemical reaction
final substance in a chemical reaction
process by which the atoms of an original substance rearrange…
A substance made up of atoms of two or more different element…
reactant
starting substance in a chemical reaction
product
final substance in a chemical reaction
18 terms
Unit 3.2- Macromolecules and Enzymes
macromolecules
carbohydrates
protein
monosaccharide
the large molecules necessary for life processes to happen
sugars, starches and fibers found in fruits, grains, vegetabl…
molecules made of amino acid building blocks...these allow th…
a sugar molecule composed of a single sugar monomer
macromolecules
the large molecules necessary for life processes to happen
carbohydrates
sugars, starches and fibers found in fruits, grains, vegetabl…
13 terms
Macromolecules,Chemical reactions, and enzymes
Macromolecules
Carbohydrates
Starch and sugar
Monosaccharide
Giant molecules
Compounds made up of CHO (Carbon Hydrogen Oxygen)
These are examples of carbohydrates. Starches form when sugar…
Single sugar molecule. ex. glucose, galactose and fructose
Macromolecules
Giant molecules
Carbohydrates
Compounds made up of CHO (Carbon Hydrogen Oxygen)
25 terms
Macromolecules - H/W, Enzymes and Cell Theory
Monomer
Polymer
Macromolecule
Carbohydrate
a single unit of an organic molecule.
a string of multiple attached monomers.
a large, complex molecule made up of many strings of polymers.
a "sugar" macromolecule that provides the body with quick, sh…
Monomer
a single unit of an organic molecule.
Polymer
a string of multiple attached monomers.
8 terms
Chemical reactions and Enzymes
chemical reactions
reactants
products
activation energy
is the process that changes, or transforms.
the element or compound that enter into a chemical reaction.
the element or compound that is produced by a chemical reacti…
what is used to start a chemical reaction.
chemical reactions
is the process that changes, or transforms.
reactants
the element or compound that enter into a chemical reaction.
15 terms
Macromolecules and Enzymes
protein
amino acid
enzyme
substrate
an organic compound that is made of one or more chains of ami…
the monomer of a protein
a type of protein that speeds up a chemical reaction in a liv…
a specific reactant acted upon by an enzyme
protein
an organic compound that is made of one or more chains of ami…
amino acid
the monomer of a protein
53 terms
Biochemistry: Chemical Reactions
anabolism
catabolism
endergonic
exergonic
metabolic chemical reactions that build up larger molecules f…
metabolic chemical reactions that break down complex organic…
Are anabolic reactions endergonic or exergonic?
Are catabolic reactions endergonic or exergonic?
anabolism
metabolic chemical reactions that build up larger molecules f…
catabolism
metabolic chemical reactions that break down complex organic…
18 terms
Unit III: Macromolecules and Enzymes (TRG 3.2)
macromolecules
carbohydrates
protein
monosaccharide
the large molecules necessary for life processes to happen
sugars, starches and fibers found in fruits, grains, vegetabl…
molecules made of amino acid building blocks...these allow th…
a sugar molecule composed of a single sugar monomer
macromolecules
the large molecules necessary for life processes to happen
carbohydrates
sugars, starches and fibers found in fruits, grains, vegetabl…
12 terms
2.4 Vocab - Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
chemical reaction
reactant
product
activation energy
the process by which one or more substances change to produce…
a starting substance in a chemical reaction
A substance produced in a chemical reaction
Energy needed to get a reaction started
chemical reaction
the process by which one or more substances change to produce…
reactant
a starting substance in a chemical reaction
7 terms
2.4 Chemical Reactions & Enzymes
chemical reaction
reactant
product
activation energy
process that changes or transforms one set of chemicals into…
the elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
the elements or compounds produced by a chemical reaction
the amount of energy that is needed to get a reaction started
chemical reaction
process that changes or transforms one set of chemicals into…
reactant
the elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
13 terms
Chemical Reactions and enzymes
chemical reaction
reactant
product
bond energy
A change in which one or more substances are converted into n…
A chemical substance that is present at the start of a chemic…
A substance produced in a chemical reaction
The amount of energy that will break a bond between two atoms.
chemical reaction
A change in which one or more substances are converted into n…
reactant
A chemical substance that is present at the start of a chemic…
18 terms
Unit III: Macromolecules and Enzymes (TRG 3.2)
macromolecules
carbohydrates
protein
monosaccharide
the large molecules necessary for life processes to happen
sugars, starches and fibers found in fruits, grains, vegetabl…
molecules made of amino acid building blocks...these allow th…
a sugar molecule composed of a single sugar monomer
macromolecules
the large molecules necessary for life processes to happen
carbohydrates
sugars, starches and fibers found in fruits, grains, vegetabl…
22 terms
Biology Chapter 2.4- chemical reactions & enzymes
chemical reaction
reactants
products
bicarbonate buffering system
a process that changes one set of chemicals (reactants) into…
the elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
the elements or compounds made by a chemical reaction
chemical reactions that regulate blood pH, keeping it within…
chemical reaction
a process that changes one set of chemicals (reactants) into…
reactants
the elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
10 terms
Enzymes and Cell Theory
Chemical Reaction (50)
Reactant (50)
Product (50)
Activation Energy (51)
A process that changes, or transforms, one set of chemicals i…
the elements, or compounds, that ENTER into a chemical reaction
The element, of compounds, PRODUCED by a chemical reaction
the energy needed to get a reaction started
Chemical Reaction (50)
A process that changes, or transforms, one set of chemicals i…
Reactant (50)
the elements, or compounds, that ENTER into a chemical reaction
15 terms
(B 02.4) Chemical Reactions & Enzymes!
Activation Energy
Catalyst
Chemical Reaction
Endothermic Reactions
The energy needed for a chemical reaction to get started
A substance that speeds up the rate of a chemical reaction
A process that changes, or transforms, one set of chemicals i…
Chemical reactions that require energy to begin
Activation Energy
The energy needed for a chemical reaction to get started
Catalyst
A substance that speeds up the rate of a chemical reaction
26 terms
Macromolecules & Enzymes
Monosaccharide
Disaccharide
Polysaccharide
Glucose
A simple, single molecule of sugar such as glucose.
2 monosaccharides bound together by a glycoside linkage
Carbohydrate polymers made up of numerous monosaccharide unit…
A simple sugar most organisms use for energy
Monosaccharide
A simple, single molecule of sugar such as glucose.
Disaccharide
2 monosaccharides bound together by a glycoside linkage
12 terms
Enzymes and Chemical Reactions
protein
amino acid
enzyme
-ase
Class of nutrients made up of amino acids. They are needed to…
Building blocks of protein
A protein that makes a reaction happen QUICKER; decreases act…
Used in naming enzymes
protein
Class of nutrients made up of amino acids. They are needed to…
amino acid
Building blocks of protein
Chemical Reactions
chemical reaction
substance
acctivation energy
enzyme
a process in which one or more substances are changed into a…
material, matter, stuff item
energy neede to start a chemical reaction
protein that makes or breaks chemical bonds
chemical reaction
a process in which one or more substances are changed into a…
substance
material, matter, stuff item
15 terms
Chemical Compounds in Cells
Elements
Compounds
Organic Compounds
Inorganic Compounds
Any substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substan…
Two or more elements combine chemically to form this
Compounds in living things. Contains CARBON
Compounds in non-living thing. Does not contain carbon.
Elements
Any substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substan…
Compounds
Two or more elements combine chemically to form this
52 terms
Enzymes, macromolecules
Proteins
Denatured
The shape
Catalyst
What type of organic molecule are enzymes?
When an enzyme loses its shape it is said to have become ____…
What determines the function of an enzyme?
A molecule that speeds up a chemical reaction but is not chan…
Proteins
What type of organic molecule are enzymes?
Denatured
When an enzyme loses its shape it is said to have become ____…
9 terms
Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
enzymes
substrate
active site
exothermic
a biological catalyst that enables chemical reactions to take…
a substance that is changed by an enzyme
the part of an enzyme that "attaches" to a substrate
chemical reaction that releases energy; the products have les…
enzymes
a biological catalyst that enables chemical reactions to take…
substrate
a substance that is changed by an enzyme
41 terms
Macromolecules and Enzymes
Carbohydrates, Proteins, Nucleic Acids…
Carbohydrates and Lipids
Proteins
Nucleic Acids
The four Macromolecules are...
Macromolecule(s) with the elements CHO
Macromolecule(s) with the elements CHON
Macromolecule(s) with the elements CHONP
Carbohydrates, Proteins, Nucleic Acids…
The four Macromolecules are...
Carbohydrates and Lipids
Macromolecule(s) with the elements CHO
14 terms
Enzymes and Chemical Reactions
protein
amino acid
enzyme
-ase
Class of nutrients made up of amino acids. They are needed to…
Building blocks of protein
A protein that makes a reaction happen QUICKER; decreases act…
Used in naming enzymes
protein
Class of nutrients made up of amino acids. They are needed to…
amino acid
Building blocks of protein
7 terms
Chemical compounds in cells
lipids
carbohydrates
proteins
element
Energy-rich organic compounds, such as fats, oils, and waxes,…
Broken down to glucose to provide energy.
Any of a group of complex organic macromolecules that are com…
A substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substances
lipids
Energy-rich organic compounds, such as fats, oils, and waxes,…
carbohydrates
Broken down to glucose to provide energy.
15 terms
Macromolecules
carbohydrate
lipid
nucleic acid
protein
Class of organic compounds that includes monosaccharides & po…
organic compounds, such as fats, oils, and waxes, that are ma…
Biological macromolecule that stores genetic information. DNA…
An organic compound that is made of one or more chains of ami…
carbohydrate
Class of organic compounds that includes monosaccharides & po…
lipid
organic compounds, such as fats, oils, and waxes, that are ma…
8 terms
Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
chemical reaction
catalyst
activation energy
enzyme
bonds break or form to create new substances
speeds up a chemical reaction
energy needed to start a chemical reaction
special protein that breaks down or puts substances together;…
chemical reaction
bonds break or form to create new substances
catalyst
speeds up a chemical reaction
13 terms
1.8 Chemical reactions and enzymes
Activation energy
Endothermic reaction
Exothermic reaction
Catalyst
Energy required to start a reaction
Products have more energy than the reactants, energy is absor…
Products have less energy than the reactants, energy is relea…
Speeds up a reaction by reducing the activation energy
Activation energy
Energy required to start a reaction
Endothermic reaction
Products have more energy than the reactants, energy is absor…
11 terms
Enzymes and chemical reactions
Enzymes
Catalyst
Activation energy
Denaturation
Molecules that speed up specific reaction cells... Molecular ca…
Biological molecule that speeds up chemical reactions
Energy required to start reaction
Change shape
Enzymes
Molecules that speed up specific reaction cells... Molecular ca…
Catalyst
Biological molecule that speeds up chemical reactions
16 terms
Macromolecules - proteins
proteins
amino acids
20
catalyst
complex polymers made up of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nit…
The monomers of proteins are _________ _________.
There are __________ (number) amino acids that vary in shape,…
any substance that speeds up the rate of a chemical reaction…
proteins
complex polymers made up of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nit…
amino acids
The monomers of proteins are _________ _________.
52 terms
Properties of Water, Enzymes, Macromolecules
polarity
H2O
cohesion
adhesion
having positive and negative charge
the formula for water
water being attracted and sticking to other water molecules,…
water being attracted or sticking to other materials
polarity
having positive and negative charge
H2O
the formula for water
15 terms
Macromolecules
carbohydrate
lipid
protein
nucleic acid
main source of quick energy for most organisms
long-term energy storage; part of biological membranes; water…
Controls rate of reactions and provides structure
store and transmit genetic information
carbohydrate
main source of quick energy for most organisms
lipid
long-term energy storage; part of biological membranes; water…
12 terms
Macromolecules and Enzymes
Macromolecule
Carbohydrate
Starch
Cellulose
huge molecules found in most living things, contains thousand…
organic molecules consisting of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen,…
an energy storage polysaccharide of plants
structural polysaccharide that makes the strongest part of th…
Macromolecule
huge molecules found in most living things, contains thousand…
Carbohydrate
organic molecules consisting of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen,…
24 terms
Chemical Reactions 2.4 and Enzymes 2.5
Chemical Reaction
Reactants
products
Bond energy
change substances into different substances by breakins and f…
are the substances changed during a reaction... on the left side…
are the substances made during a reaction... on the right side o…
the energy required to break the bonds between two atoms
Chemical Reaction
change substances into different substances by breakins and f…
Reactants
are the substances changed during a reaction... on the left side…
19 terms
Macromolecules and enzymes
activation energy
active site
amino acid
carbohydrate
minimum amount of energy needed for reactants to form product…
specific place where a substance binds on an enzyme
building block of proteins (the monomer)
compound containing carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen, made up of…
activation energy
minimum amount of energy needed for reactants to form product…
active site
specific place where a substance binds on an enzyme
15 terms
Macromolecules
carbohydrate
lipid
nucleic acid
protein
Class of organic compounds that includes monosaccharides & po…
organic compounds, such as fats, oils, and waxes, that are ma…
Biological macromolecule that stores genetic information. DNA…
An organic compound that is made of one or more chains of ami…
carbohydrate
Class of organic compounds that includes monosaccharides & po…
lipid
organic compounds, such as fats, oils, and waxes, that are ma…
36 terms
Macromolecules
Carbohydrates, Proteins, Nucleic Acids…
Carbohydrates and Lipids
Proteins
Nucleic Acids
The four Macromolecules are...
Macromolecule(s) with the elements CHO
Macromolecule(s) with the elements CHON
Macromolecule(s) with the elements CHONP
Carbohydrates, Proteins, Nucleic Acids…
The four Macromolecules are...
Carbohydrates and Lipids
Macromolecule(s) with the elements CHO
11 terms
Macromolecules
atom
compound
covalent bond
ionic bond
the smallest basic unit of matter
made up of different kinds of atoms bonded together
a connection between two atoms that share electrons
an electrical (+/-) attraction between two atoms that have ga…
atom
the smallest basic unit of matter
compound
made up of different kinds of atoms bonded together
20 terms
Unit #5 Macromolecules Vocabulary
active site
antibody
denature
hemoglobin
The place on the enzyme where the substrate attaches to the e…
Protein that helps destroy pathogens (things that cause disea…
To change the shape of an enzyme so that it doesn't work anym…
Iron-containing protein in red blood cells that transports ox…
active site
The place on the enzyme where the substrate attaches to the e…
antibody
Protein that helps destroy pathogens (things that cause disea…
18 terms
proteins, enzymes ans chemical reactions
Proteins
Monomer of a Protein
Polymer of a Protein
Amino Acids
macromolecules that contain NITROGEN as well as carbon, hydro…
amino acid
polypeptide chains
contain amine group on one end (-NH2) and a carboxyl group on…
Proteins
macromolecules that contain NITROGEN as well as carbon, hydro…
Monomer of a Protein
amino acid
16 terms
Enzymes and Chemical Reactions - Honors Bio
rearrange
chemical reaction
enzymes
substrates
cells use chemical reactions to change the available material…
causes everything that happens in a cell
help reactants by giving them a site to come together to react
reactants that are affected by enzymes in enzyme-catalyzed re…
rearrange
cells use chemical reactions to change the available material…
chemical reaction
causes everything that happens in a cell
Vocabulary Unit 2: 2.4 Chemical Reactions and Enzymes Study this for quiz #4
Catalyst
Enzyme
Substrate
Activation Energy
anything that speeds up chemical reactions
protein catalyst
reactant of an enzyme-catalyzed reaction
the amount of energy needed to start a chemical reaction
Catalyst
anything that speeds up chemical reactions
Enzyme
protein catalyst
20 terms
Chemical Reactions
physical change
chemical change
reactant
product
a change that alter the form or appearance but does not make…
a change in which one or more substances combine or break apa…
a substance that enters into a chemical reaction
a substance formed as a result of a chemical reaction
physical change
a change that alter the form or appearance but does not make…
chemical change
a change in which one or more substances combine or break apa…
52 terms
Chapter 5: Macromolecules
Macromolecules
Polymer
Monomer
Enzymes
large molecules classified as carbohydrates, proteins, lipids…
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
the repeating units that serve as the building blocks of a po…
specialized macromolecules (proteins) that speed up chemical…
Macromolecules
large molecules classified as carbohydrates, proteins, lipids…
Polymer
A long molecule consisting of many similar or identical build…
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