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Study sets matching "term:enzymes = substances that increase the speed of chemical reactions."

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Study sets matching "term:enzymes = substances that increase the speed of chemical reactions."

10 terms
bio chemistry Functional protein -enzymes that catalyze(speed up) chemical reactions
What do catalysts do?
what is the significance of enzymes?
Functional protein
Structural Protein
they speed up reactions
they are necessary for all cellular chemical reactions
enzymes that catalyze(speed up) chemical reactions
-components of cell structures and organelles(little organs i…
What do catalysts do?
they speed up reactions
what is the significance of enzymes?
they are necessary for all cellular chemical reactions
11 terms
Enzymes and Chemical Reactions
protein
amino acid
enzyme
-ase
Class of nutrients made up of amino acids. They are needed to…
Building blocks of protein
A protein that makes a reaction happen QUICKER; decreases act…
Used in naming enzymes
protein
Class of nutrients made up of amino acids. They are needed to…
amino acid
Building blocks of protein
12 terms
2.4 Vocab - Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
chemical reaction
reactant
product
activation energy
the process by which one or more substances change to produce…
a starting substance in a chemical reaction
A substance produced in a chemical reaction
Energy needed to get a reaction started
chemical reaction
the process by which one or more substances change to produce…
reactant
a starting substance in a chemical reaction
8 terms
Chp 2.4 Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
chemical reaction
activation energy
enzymes
catalyst
is a process that changes one set of chemicals into another s…
the energy that is needed to get a reaction started
a protein catalyst that speeds up the rate of specific biolog…
the substance the speeds up the rate of a chemical reaction.
chemical reaction
is a process that changes one set of chemicals into another s…
activation energy
the energy that is needed to get a reaction started
11 terms
Chemical Reactions & Enzymes
chemical reaction
reactant
product
activation energy
a process that changes or transforms one set of chemicals int…
the elements or compounds that enter (or begin) into a chemic…
the elements or compounds produced by a chemical reaction
the energy that is needed to get a chemical reaction started
chemical reaction
a process that changes or transforms one set of chemicals int…
reactant
the elements or compounds that enter (or begin) into a chemic…
13 terms
Chemical Reactions and enzymes
chemical reaction
reactant
product
bond energy
A change in which one or more substances are converted into n…
A chemical substance that is present at the start of a chemic…
A substance produced in a chemical reaction
The amount of energy that will break a bond between two atoms.
chemical reaction
A change in which one or more substances are converted into n…
reactant
A chemical substance that is present at the start of a chemic…
2.4 Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
Chemical Reaction
Activation Energy
Reactants
Products
Process by which substances change into different substances…
Energy input necessary to initiate a chemical reaction
Substance that is changed by a chemical reaction.
Substances made by the chemical reaction
Chemical Reaction
Process by which substances change into different substances…
Activation Energy
Energy input necessary to initiate a chemical reaction
18 terms
Chemical Reactions
chemical bond
chemical equation
chemical reaction
coefficient
attraction between atoms when electrons are shared, transferr…
description of a reaction using element symbols and chemical…
process in which atoms of one or more substances rearrange to…
number placed in front of an element symbol or chemical formu…
chemical bond
attraction between atoms when electrons are shared, transferr…
chemical equation
description of a reaction using element symbols and chemical…
7 terms
2.4 Chemical Reactions & Enzymes
chemical reaction
reactant
product
activation energy
process that changes or transforms one set of chemicals into…
the elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
the elements or compounds produced by a chemical reaction
the amount of energy that is needed to get a reaction started
chemical reaction
process that changes or transforms one set of chemicals into…
reactant
the elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
20 terms
Chemical Reactions
physical change
chemical change
reactant
product
a change that alter the form or appearance but does not make…
a change in which one or more substances combine or break apa…
a substance that enters into a chemical reaction
a substance formed as a result of a chemical reaction
physical change
a change that alter the form or appearance but does not make…
chemical change
a change in which one or more substances combine or break apa…
22 terms
Biology Chapter 2.4- chemical reactions & enzymes
chemical reaction
reactants
products
bicarbonate buffering system
a process that changes one set of chemicals (reactants) into…
the elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
the elements or compounds made by a chemical reaction
chemical reactions that regulate blood pH, keeping it within…
chemical reaction
a process that changes one set of chemicals (reactants) into…
reactants
the elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
12 terms
Enzymes and Chemical Reactions
protein
amino acid
enzyme
-ase
Class of nutrients made up of amino acids. They are needed to…
Building blocks of protein
A protein that makes a reaction happen QUICKER; decreases act…
Used in naming enzymes
protein
Class of nutrients made up of amino acids. They are needed to…
amino acid
Building blocks of protein
Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
chemical reaction
Reactant
Product
Bond Energy
a reaction that changes substances into different substances…
the substance changed in a chemical reaction
the substances made by a chemical reaction
the amount of energy needed to break a bond between two atoms
chemical reaction
a reaction that changes substances into different substances…
Reactant
the substance changed in a chemical reaction
14 terms
Enzymes and Chemical Reactions
protein
amino acid
enzyme
-ase
Class of nutrients made up of amino acids. They are needed to…
Building blocks of protein
A protein that makes a reaction happen QUICKER; decreases act…
Used in naming enzymes
protein
Class of nutrients made up of amino acids. They are needed to…
amino acid
Building blocks of protein
10 terms
2.4 Enzymes & Chemical Reactions
Enzyme
Enzymes are _______ macromolecules
Catalyst
Reactant(s)
Biological catalyst, speed up biological chemical reactions
Protein
Speed up chemical reaction rates by decreasing amount of requ…
Starting substance(s) in a chemical reaction
Enzyme
Biological catalyst, speed up biological chemical reactions
Enzymes are _______ macromolecules
Protein
24 terms
Chemical Reactions 2.4 and Enzymes 2.5
Chemical Reaction
Reactants
products
Bond energy
change substances into different substances by breakins and f…
are the substances changed during a reaction... on the left side…
are the substances made during a reaction... on the right side o…
the energy required to break the bonds between two atoms
Chemical Reaction
change substances into different substances by breakins and f…
Reactants
are the substances changed during a reaction... on the left side…
11 terms
Chemistry of Life 4: Chemical Reactions & Enzymes
chemical reaction
reactant
product
substrate
a process that involves rearrangement of the molecular or ion…
Substances in a chemical reaction that are consumed during th…
the resulting substance formed from chemical reactions
the reactant(s) that go into an enzyme-catalyzed reaction
chemical reaction
a process that involves rearrangement of the molecular or ion…
reactant
Substances in a chemical reaction that are consumed during th…
31 terms
Quizlet - Chemical Reactions
chemical reaction
Precipitate
chemical bond
chemical formula
A process that produces one or more substances that are diffe…
A solid that forms from a solution during a chemical reaction.
the force that holds two atoms together in a molecule
A combination of chemical symbols and numbers to represent a…
chemical reaction
A process that produces one or more substances that are diffe…
Precipitate
A solid that forms from a solution during a chemical reaction.
53 terms
Biochemistry: Chemical Reactions
anabolism
catabolism
endergonic
exergonic
metabolic chemical reactions that build up larger molecules f…
metabolic chemical reactions that break down complex organic…
Are anabolic reactions endergonic or exergonic?
Are catabolic reactions endergonic or exergonic?
anabolism
metabolic chemical reactions that build up larger molecules f…
catabolism
metabolic chemical reactions that break down complex organic…
8 terms
Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
Chemical Reaction
Reactant
Product
Activation Energy
the process by which one or more substances change to produce…
A chemical substance that is present at the start of a chemic…
A substance produced in a chemical reaction
The amount of energy required to start a chemical reaction
Chemical Reaction
the process by which one or more substances change to produce…
Reactant
A chemical substance that is present at the start of a chemic…
12 terms
2.4 Vocab NP - Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
chemical reaction
reactant
product
activation energy
the process by which one or more substances change to produce…
a starting substance in a chemical reaction
A substance produced in a chemical reaction
Energy needed to get a reaction started
chemical reaction
the process by which one or more substances change to produce…
reactant
a starting substance in a chemical reaction
21 terms
Chemical Reactions
chemical bond
chemical equation
chemical reaction
coefficient
attraction between atoms when electrons are shared, transferr…
description of a reaction using element symbols and chemical…
process in which atoms of one or more substances rearrange to…
number placed in front of an element symbol or chemical formu…
chemical bond
attraction between atoms when electrons are shared, transferr…
chemical equation
description of a reaction using element symbols and chemical…
7 terms
Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
chemical reaction
reactant
product
activation energy
A process in which one or more substances are changed into ot…
A substance that enters into a chemical reaction.
A substance formed as a result of a chemical reaction.
The minimum amount of energy required to start a chemical rea…
chemical reaction
A process in which one or more substances are changed into ot…
reactant
A substance that enters into a chemical reaction.
12 terms
Enzymes and Chemical Reactions
chemical reaction
reactant
product
enzyme
process that changes one set of chemicals into another
starting materials of any chemical reaction
ending materials of any chemical reaction
protein that assists in chemical reactions
chemical reaction
process that changes one set of chemicals into another
reactant
starting materials of any chemical reaction
18 terms
Chemical Reactions
chemical bond
chemical equation
chemical reaction
coefficient
attraction between atoms when electrons are shared, transferr…
description of a reaction using element symbols and chemical…
process in which atoms of one or more substances rearrange to…
number placed in front of an element symbol or chemical formu…
chemical bond
attraction between atoms when electrons are shared, transferr…
chemical equation
description of a reaction using element symbols and chemical…
18 terms
Chemical Reactions
chemical bond
chemical equation
chemical reaction
coefficient
attraction between atoms when electrons are shared, transferr…
description of a reaction using element symbols and chemical…
process in which atoms of one or more substances rearrange to…
number placed in front of an element symbol or chemical formu…
chemical bond
attraction between atoms when electrons are shared, transferr…
chemical equation
description of a reaction using element symbols and chemical…
Enzymes and Chemical Reactions
chemical reaction
reactants
products
spontaneous reactions
process that changes one set of chemicals into another set of…
elements or compounds that enter the chemical reaction
elements or compounds that are made from a reaction
release energy
chemical reaction
process that changes one set of chemicals into another set of…
reactants
elements or compounds that enter the chemical reaction
18 terms
Chemical Reactions
chemical bond
chemical equation
chemical reaction
coefficient
attraction between atoms when electrons are shared, transferr…
description of a reaction using element symbols and chemical…
process in which atoms of one or more substances rearrange to…
number placed in front of an element symbol or chemical formu…
chemical bond
attraction between atoms when electrons are shared, transferr…
chemical equation
description of a reaction using element symbols and chemical…
18 terms
Chemical Reactions
chemical bond
chemical equation
chemical reaction
coefficient
attraction between atoms when electrons are shared, transferr…
description of a reaction using element symbols and chemical…
process in which atoms of one or more substances rearrange to…
number placed in front of an element symbol or chemical formu…
chemical bond
attraction between atoms when electrons are shared, transferr…
chemical equation
description of a reaction using element symbols and chemical…
15 terms
(B 02.4) Chemical Reactions & Enzymes!
Activation Energy
Catalyst
Chemical Reaction
Endothermic Reactions
The energy needed for a chemical reaction to get started
A substance that speeds up the rate of a chemical reaction
A process that changes, or transforms, one set of chemicals i…
Chemical reactions that require energy to begin
Activation Energy
The energy needed for a chemical reaction to get started
Catalyst
A substance that speeds up the rate of a chemical reaction
8 terms
Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
chemical reaction
catalyst
activation energy
enzyme
bonds break or form to create new substances
speeds up a chemical reaction
energy needed to start a chemical reaction
special protein that breaks down or puts substances together;…
chemical reaction
bonds break or form to create new substances
catalyst
speeds up a chemical reaction
11 terms
Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
chemical reaction
reactant
product
activation energy
a process that changes, or transforms, one set of chemicals i…
the elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
the elements or compounds produced by a chemical reaction
the energy that is needed to get a reaction started
chemical reaction
a process that changes, or transforms, one set of chemicals i…
reactant
the elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
Unit 4 Chemical Reactions
reactants
products
chemical reaction
first law of thermodynamics
atoms or molecules present at the beginning of a chemical rea…
atoms or molecules formed by a chemical reaction
occurs when atomic bonds are formed or broken
matter and energy cannot be created or destroyed; they can on…
reactants
atoms or molecules present at the beginning of a chemical rea…
products
atoms or molecules formed by a chemical reaction
26 terms
Chemical Reactions 1
Chemical Formula
Chemical Equation
Reactants
Products
The combination of symbols and numbers that represent a molec…
Represents a chemical reaction using symbols and chemical for…
The elements or compounds used in a chemical reaction
The elements or compounds produced by a chemical reaction
Chemical Formula
The combination of symbols and numbers that represent a molec…
Chemical Equation
Represents a chemical reaction using symbols and chemical for…
13 terms
Chemical Reactions Quizlet
physical change
chemical change
reactant
product
a change that alter the form or appearance but does not make…
a change in which one or more substances combine or break apa…
a substance that enters into a chemical reaction
a substance formed as a result of a chemical reaction
physical change
a change that alter the form or appearance but does not make…
chemical change
a change in which one or more substances combine or break apa…
13 terms
1.8 Chemical reactions and enzymes
Activation energy
Endothermic reaction
Exothermic reaction
Catalyst
Energy required to start a reaction
Products have more energy than the reactants, energy is absor…
Products have less energy than the reactants, energy is relea…
Speeds up a reaction by reducing the activation energy
Activation energy
Energy required to start a reaction
Endothermic reaction
Products have more energy than the reactants, energy is absor…
20 terms
Chemical Reactions
physical change
chemical change
reactant
product
a change that alter the form or appearance but does not make…
a change in which one or more substances combine or break apa…
a substance that enters into a chemical reaction
a substance formed as a result of a chemical reaction
physical change
a change that alter the form or appearance but does not make…
chemical change
a change in which one or more substances combine or break apa…
23 terms
Chemical Reactions
chemical reaction
Precipitate
chemical bond
chemical formula
A process that produces one or more substances that are diffe…
A solid that forms from a solution during a chemical reaction.
the force that holds two atoms together in a molecule
A combination of chemical symbols and numbers to represent a…
chemical reaction
A process that produces one or more substances that are diffe…
Precipitate
A solid that forms from a solution during a chemical reaction.
18 terms
Enzymes & Chemical Reactions
physical reaction
chemical reaction
reactants
products
changes the form of a substance
changes a substance into something else
substances that change/react (on left side of arrow)
substances that are made/produced (on right side of arrow)
physical reaction
changes the form of a substance
chemical reaction
changes a substance into something else
20 terms
Chemical Reactions
physical change
chemical change
reactant
product
a change that alter the form or appearance but does not make…
a change in which one or more substances combine or break apa…
a substance that enters into a chemical reaction
a substance formed as a result of a chemical reaction
physical change
a change that alter the form or appearance but does not make…
chemical change
a change in which one or more substances combine or break apa…
8 terms
Chemical Reactions (Enzymes)
chemical reaction
reactant
products
activation energy
process by which atoms or groups of atoms in a substance are…
starting substances on the left of the arrow in a chemical eq…
substances formed in a reaction and found on the right of the…
minimum amount of energy needed to start a reaction, for reac…
chemical reaction
process by which atoms or groups of atoms in a substance are…
reactant
starting substances on the left of the arrow in a chemical eq…
15 terms
Chemical Reactions combo
chemical reaction
Precipitate
chemical bond
chemical formula
A process that produces one or more substances that are diffe…
A solid that forms from a solution during a chemical reaction.
the force that holds two atoms together in a molecule
A combination of chemical symbols and numbers to represent a…
chemical reaction
A process that produces one or more substances that are diffe…
Precipitate
A solid that forms from a solution during a chemical reaction.
10 terms
Day 3 - Enzymes
chemical reaction
reactants
activation energy
enzymes
change in which one or more substances are converted into dif…
are present at the beginning of a chemical reaction
the amount of energy needed to start a chemical reaction
catalysts for chemical reactions in living things
chemical reaction
change in which one or more substances are converted into dif…
reactants
are present at the beginning of a chemical reaction
20 terms
Chemical Reactions
physical change
chemical change
reactant
product
a change that alter the form or appearance but does not make…
a change in which one or more substances combine or break apa…
a substance that enters into a chemical reaction
a substance formed as a result of a chemical reaction
physical change
a change that alter the form or appearance but does not make…
chemical change
a change in which one or more substances combine or break apa…
20 terms
Chapter 5 Chemical Reactions
physical change
chemical change
reactant
product
a change that alter the form or appearance but does not make…
a change in which one or more substances combine or break apa…
a substance that enters into a chemical reaction
a substance formed as a result of a chemical reaction
physical change
a change that alter the form or appearance but does not make…
chemical change
a change in which one or more substances combine or break apa…
13 terms
Chemical Reactions-Vocabulary
catalyst
surface area
energy
exothermic reaction
a substance that speeds up a chemical reaction
the amount of area exposed of a solid substance
is released or absorbed during a chemical reaction
reactants → products + energy
catalyst
a substance that speeds up a chemical reaction
surface area
the amount of area exposed of a solid substance
Chemical Reactions
chemical reaction
substance
acctivation energy
enzyme
a process in which one or more substances are changed into a…
material, matter, stuff item
energy neede to start a chemical reaction
protein that makes or breaks chemical bonds
chemical reaction
a process in which one or more substances are changed into a…
substance
material, matter, stuff item
11 terms
2.4 chemical reactions and enzymes
chemical reaction
reactant
product
activation energy
the process by which one or more substances change to produce…
a starting substance in a chemical reaction
A substance produced in a chemical reaction
Energy needed to get a reaction started
chemical reaction
the process by which one or more substances change to produce…
reactant
a starting substance in a chemical reaction
67 terms
Chemical Reactions, Energy, and Enzymes
Chemical reaction
Chemical formula
Chemical equation
Bonds between atoms in the reactants b…
Process that changes substances into different substances by…
An expression which states the number and type of atoms prese…
Representation of a chemical reaction using symbols of the el…
what happens during a chemical reaction?
Chemical reaction
Process that changes substances into different substances by…
Chemical formula
An expression which states the number and type of atoms prese…
20 terms
Chapter 5 Chemical Reactions
physical change
chemical change
reactant
product
a change that alter the form or appearance but does not make…
a change in which one or more substances combine or break apa…
a substance that enters into a chemical reaction
a substance formed as a result of a chemical reaction
physical change
a change that alter the form or appearance but does not make…
chemical change
a change in which one or more substances combine or break apa…
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