Study sets matching "term:enzymes = substances that increase the speed of chemical reactions."

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Study sets matching "term:enzymes = substances that increase the speed of chemical reactions."

bio chemistry Functional protein -enzymes that catalyze(speed up) chemical reactions
What do catalysts do?
what is the significance of enzymes?
Functional protein
Structural Protein
they speed up reactions
they are necessary for all cellular chemical reactions
enzymes that catalyze(speed up) chemical reactions
-components of cell structures and organelles(little organs i…
What do catalysts do?
they speed up reactions
what is the significance of enzymes?
they are necessary for all cellular chemical reactions
11 terms
Enzymes and Chemical Reactions
protein
amino acid
enzyme
-ase
Class of nutrients made up of amino acids. They are needed to…
Building blocks of protein
A protein that makes a reaction happen QUICKER; decreases act…
Used in naming enzymes
protein
Class of nutrients made up of amino acids. They are needed to…
amino acid
Building blocks of protein
7 terms
2.4 Chemical Reactions & Enzymes
chemical reaction
reactant
product
activation energy
process that changes or transforms one set of chemicals into…
the elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
the elements or compounds produced by a chemical reaction
the amount of energy that is needed to get a reaction started
chemical reaction
process that changes or transforms one set of chemicals into…
reactant
the elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
7 terms
Chemical Reactions and Enzymes (chp 2.4)
chemical reaction
reactants
products
activation energy
process that changes, or transforms, one set of chemicals int…
elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
elements or compounds produced by a chemical reaction
energy that is needed to get a reaction started
chemical reaction
process that changes, or transforms, one set of chemicals int…
reactants
elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
7 terms
2.4 The Chemistry of Life-Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
chemical reactions
reactants
products
activation energy
always involve changes in the chemical bond that join atoms i…
the elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
the elements or compounds that are produced by the reaction
the energy needed to get a reaction started
chemical reactions
always involve changes in the chemical bond that join atoms i…
reactants
the elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
7 terms
Chemical reactions and Enzymes
Chemical reaction
Reactant
Product
Activation energy
A process that changes one set of chemicals into another
Elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
Elements or compounds produced by a chemical reaction
Energy needed to get a reaction started
Chemical reaction
A process that changes one set of chemicals into another
Reactant
Elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
Chemical Reactions & Enzymes
chemical reaction
reactant
product
activation energy
a process that changes or transforms one set of chemicals int…
the elements or compounds that enter (or begin) into a chemic…
the elements or compounds produced by a chemical reaction
the energy that is needed to get a chemical reaction started
chemical reaction
a process that changes or transforms one set of chemicals int…
reactant
the elements or compounds that enter (or begin) into a chemic…
13 terms
Chemical Reactions and enzymes
chemical reaction
reactant
product
bond energy
A change in which one or more substances are converted into n…
A chemical substance that is present at the start of a chemic…
A substance produced in a chemical reaction
The amount of energy that will break a bond between two atoms.
chemical reaction
A change in which one or more substances are converted into n…
reactant
A chemical substance that is present at the start of a chemic…
2.4 Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
Chemical Reaction
Activation Energy
Reactants
Products
Process by which substances change into different substances…
Energy input necessary to initiate a chemical reaction
Substance that is changed by a chemical reaction.
Substances made by the chemical reaction
Chemical Reaction
Process by which substances change into different substances…
Activation Energy
Energy input necessary to initiate a chemical reaction
10 terms
2.4 Enzymes & Chemical Reactions
Enzyme
Enzymes are _______ macromolecules
Catalyst
Reactant(s)
Biological catalyst, speed up biological chemical reactions
Protein
Speed up chemical reaction rates by decreasing amount of requ…
Starting substance(s) in a chemical reaction
Enzyme
Biological catalyst, speed up biological chemical reactions
Enzymes are _______ macromolecules
Protein
Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
chemical reaction
Reactant
Product
Bond Energy
a reaction that changes substances into different substances…
the substance changed in a chemical reaction
the substances made by a chemical reaction
the amount of energy needed to break a bond between two atoms
chemical reaction
a reaction that changes substances into different substances…
Reactant
the substance changed in a chemical reaction
Enzymes and Chemical Reactions
protein
amino acid
enzyme
-ase
Class of nutrients made up of amino acids. They are needed to…
Building blocks of protein
A protein that makes a reaction happen QUICKER; decreases act…
Used in naming enzymes
protein
Class of nutrients made up of amino acids. They are needed to…
amino acid
Building blocks of protein
7 terms
Bio > 2-4 Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
chemical reactioin
reactant
product
activation energy
...
A chemical substance that is present at the start of a chemic…
A substance produced in a chemical reaction
Energy needed to get a reaction started
chemical reactioin
...
reactant
A chemical substance that is present at the start of a chemic…
18 terms
Chemical Reactions
chemical bond
chemical equation
chemical reaction
coefficient
attraction between atoms when electrons are shared, transferr…
description of a reaction using element symbols and chemical…
process in which atoms of one or more substances rearrange to…
number placed in front of an element symbol or chemical formu…
chemical bond
attraction between atoms when electrons are shared, transferr…
chemical equation
description of a reaction using element symbols and chemical…
12 terms
2.4 Vocab - Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
chemical reaction
reactant
product
activation energy
the process by which one or more substances change to produce…
a starting substance in a chemical reaction
A substance produced in a chemical reaction
Energy needed to get a reaction started
chemical reaction
the process by which one or more substances change to produce…
reactant
a starting substance in a chemical reaction
22 terms
Biology Chapter 2.4- chemical reactions & enzymes
chemical reaction
reactants
products
bicarbonate buffering system
a process that changes one set of chemicals (reactants) into…
the elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
the elements or compounds made by a chemical reaction
chemical reactions that regulate blood pH, keeping it within…
chemical reaction
a process that changes one set of chemicals (reactants) into…
reactants
the elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
8 terms
Chp 2.4 Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
chemical reaction
activation energy
enzymes
catalyst
is a process that changes one set of chemicals into another s…
the energy that is needed to get a reaction started
a protein catalyst that speeds up the rate of specific biolog…
the substance the speeds up the rate of a chemical reaction.
chemical reaction
is a process that changes one set of chemicals into another s…
activation energy
the energy that is needed to get a reaction started
Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
Chemical Reaction
Reactant
Product
Activation Energy
the process by which one or more substances change to produce…
A chemical substance that is present at the start of a chemic…
A substance produced in a chemical reaction
The amount of energy required to start a chemical reaction
Chemical Reaction
the process by which one or more substances change to produce…
Reactant
A chemical substance that is present at the start of a chemic…
11 terms
Chemistry of Life 4: Chemical Reactions & Enzymes
chemical reaction
reactant
product
substrate
a process that involves rearrangement of the molecular or ion…
Substances in a chemical reaction that are consumed during th…
the resulting substance formed from chemical reactions
the reactant(s) that go into an enzyme-catalyzed reaction
chemical reaction
a process that involves rearrangement of the molecular or ion…
reactant
Substances in a chemical reaction that are consumed during th…
24 terms
Chemical Reactions 2.4 and Enzymes 2.5
Chemical Reaction
Reactants
products
Bond energy
change substances into different substances by breakins and f…
are the substances changed during a reaction... on the left side…
are the substances made during a reaction... on the right side o…
the energy required to break the bonds between two atoms
Chemical Reaction
change substances into different substances by breakins and f…
Reactants
are the substances changed during a reaction... on the left side…
20 terms
Chemical Reactions
physical change
chemical change
reactant
product
a change that alter the form or appearance but does not make…
a change in which one or more substances combine or break apa…
a substance that enters into a chemical reaction
a substance formed as a result of a chemical reaction
physical change
a change that alter the form or appearance but does not make…
chemical change
a change in which one or more substances combine or break apa…
7 terms
Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
Chemical reaction
Reactant
Product
Activation energy
Process that changes, or transforms, one set of chemicals int…
Element or compound that enter into a chemical reaction
Element or compound produced by a chemical reaction
Energy that is needed to get a reaction started
Chemical reaction
Process that changes, or transforms, one set of chemicals int…
Reactant
Element or compound that enter into a chemical reaction
7 terms
Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
chemical reaction
reactant
product
activation energy
A process in which one or more substances are changed into ot…
A substance that enters into a chemical reaction.
A substance formed as a result of a chemical reaction.
The minimum amount of energy required to start a chemical rea…
chemical reaction
A process in which one or more substances are changed into ot…
reactant
A substance that enters into a chemical reaction.
5 terms
Enzymes
activation energy
active site
catalyst
enzyme
the energy needed to get a chemical reaction started
the region on an enzyme that binds to the substrate
a substance that speeds up chemical reactions, without being…
a protein that increases the rate of a chemical reaction with…
activation energy
the energy needed to get a chemical reaction started
active site
the region on an enzyme that binds to the substrate
7 terms
Bio_2.4: Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
chemical reaction
reactant
product
activation energy
Process in which chemical energy is used to produce carbohydr…
Elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
Elements or compounds produced by a chemical reaction
Energy that is needed to get a reaction started
chemical reaction
Process in which chemical energy is used to produce carbohydr…
reactant
Elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
8 terms
Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
chemical reaction
catalyst
activation energy
enzyme
bonds break or form to create new substances
speeds up a chemical reaction
energy needed to start a chemical reaction
special protein that breaks down or puts substances together;…
chemical reaction
bonds break or form to create new substances
catalyst
speeds up a chemical reaction
7 terms
Chemical Reactions and Enzymes Vocab
chemical reaction
reactant
product
activation energy
process that changes, or transforms, one set of chemicals int…
element or compound that enters into a chemical reaction
element or compound produced by a chemical reaction
energy that is needed to get a reaction started
chemical reaction
process that changes, or transforms, one set of chemicals int…
reactant
element or compound that enters into a chemical reaction
7 terms
Lugo Biology 2.4 Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
chemical reaction
reactant
product
activation energy
a process that changes, or transforms, one set of chemicals i…
the elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
the elements or compounds produced by a chemical reaction
energy needed to get a reaction started
chemical reaction
a process that changes, or transforms, one set of chemicals i…
reactant
the elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
Quizlet - Chemical Reactions
chemical reaction
Precipitate
chemical bond
chemical formula
A process that produces one or more substances that are diffe…
A solid that forms from a solution during a chemical reaction.
the force that holds two atoms together in a molecule
A combination of chemical symbols and numbers to represent a…
chemical reaction
A process that produces one or more substances that are diffe…
Precipitate
A solid that forms from a solution during a chemical reaction.
9 terms
Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
enzymes
substrate
active site
exothermic
a biological catalyst that enables chemical reactions to take…
a substance that is changed by an enzyme
the part of an enzyme that "attaches" to a substrate
chemical reaction that releases energy; the products have les…
enzymes
a biological catalyst that enables chemical reactions to take…
substrate
a substance that is changed by an enzyme
11 terms
Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
chemical reaction
reactant
product
activation energy
a process that changes, or transforms, one set of chemicals i…
the elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
the elements or compounds produced by a chemical reaction
the energy that is needed to get a reaction started
chemical reaction
a process that changes, or transforms, one set of chemicals i…
reactant
the elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
19 terms
Chemical Reactions (Chapter 7 Combined)
Activation energy
Concentration
Catalyst
Enzyme
The minimum amount of energy needed to start a chemical react…
The amount of one material in a certain volume of another mat…
A material that increases the rate of a reaction by lowering…
A type of protein that speeds up a chemical reaction in a liv…
Activation energy
The minimum amount of energy needed to start a chemical react…
Concentration
The amount of one material in a certain volume of another mat…
53 terms
Biochemistry: Chemical Reactions
anabolism
catabolism
endergonic
exergonic
metabolic chemical reactions that build up larger molecules f…
metabolic chemical reactions that break down complex organic…
Are anabolic reactions endergonic or exergonic?
Are catabolic reactions endergonic or exergonic?
anabolism
metabolic chemical reactions that build up larger molecules f…
catabolism
metabolic chemical reactions that break down complex organic…
11 terms
Unit 2: Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
Chemical reaction
Reactants
Products
Exothermic reaction
A process that changes one set of chemicals to another, invol…
The compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
The elements or compounds produced by the chemical reaction
Release energy
Chemical reaction
A process that changes one set of chemicals to another, invol…
Reactants
The compounds that enter into a chemical reaction
5 terms
Controlling Chemical Reactions 7.3
Activation energy
Concentration
Catalyst
Enzyme
The minimum amount of energy needed to start a chemical react…
The amount of one material in a certain volume of another mat…
A material that increases the rate of a reaction by lowering…
A type of protein that speeds up a chemical reaction in a liv…
Activation energy
The minimum amount of energy needed to start a chemical react…
Concentration
The amount of one material in a certain volume of another mat…
Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
Activation Energy
Catalyst
Chemical reaction
Denature
The energy input necessary to initiate a chemical reaction.
Substance that decreases activation energy and increases reac…
A process by which substances change into different substance…
A protein that its shape
Activation Energy
The energy input necessary to initiate a chemical reaction.
Catalyst
Substance that decreases activation energy and increases reac…
8 terms
Chemical Reactions (Enzymes)
chemical reaction
reactant
products
activation energy
process by which atoms or groups of atoms in a substance are…
starting substances on the left of the arrow in a chemical eq…
substances formed in a reaction and found on the right of the…
minimum amount of energy needed to start a reaction, for reac…
chemical reaction
process by which atoms or groups of atoms in a substance are…
reactant
starting substances on the left of the arrow in a chemical eq…
18 terms
Chemical Reactions
chemical bond
chemical equation
chemical reaction
coefficient
attraction between atoms when electrons are shared, transferr…
description of a reaction using element symbols and chemical…
process in which atoms of one or more substances rearrange to…
number placed in front of an element symbol or chemical formu…
chemical bond
attraction between atoms when electrons are shared, transferr…
chemical equation
description of a reaction using element symbols and chemical…
12 terms
Energy, Chemical Reactions, & Enzymes
energy
reactants
products
energy absorbing reactions
the ability to move or change matter
the starting materials of a chemical reaction
the resulting(ending) materials of a chemical reaction
reaction in which chemical bonds are formed thus storing energy
energy
the ability to move or change matter
reactants
the starting materials of a chemical reaction
40 terms
Chemical Reactions
Chemical Properties
chemical reaction
chemical bond
chemical formula
characteristics of matter that can only be observed when one…
A process that produces one or more substances that are diffe…
the force that holds two atoms together in a molecule
A combination of chemical symbols and numbers to represent a…
Chemical Properties
characteristics of matter that can only be observed when one…
chemical reaction
A process that produces one or more substances that are diffe…
Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
Chemical Reactions
Catalyst
Enzymes
Dehydration Synthesis
A process that changes or transforms one set of chemical into…
Substance that speeds up the rate of chemical reactions.
Are the catalyst in living things. Found in many organs; live…
The monomers combine with each other via covalent bonds to fo…
Chemical Reactions
A process that changes or transforms one set of chemical into…
Catalyst
Substance that speeds up the rate of chemical reactions.
22 terms
GrayScience Chapter 10 Chemical Reactions
chemical reaction
reactant
product
chemical equation
process that produces chemical change, resulting in new subst…
substance that exists before a chemical reaction begins
a substance formed as a result of a chemical reaction
shorthand form for writing what reactants are used and what p…
chemical reaction
process that produces chemical change, resulting in new subst…
reactant
substance that exists before a chemical reaction begins
Biology Chapter 2 The Chemistry of Life Section 4 Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
Chemical Reaction
Reactant
Product
Activation Energy
The process that changes or transforms, one set of chemicals…
Elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction.
Elements or compounds produced by a chemical reaction.
The energy needed to get a reaction started .
Chemical Reaction
The process that changes or transforms, one set of chemicals…
Reactant
Elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction.
18 terms
Chemical Reactions
chemical bond
chemical equation
chemical reaction
coefficient
attraction between atoms when electrons are shared, transferr…
description of a reaction using element symbols and chemical…
process in which atoms of one or more substances rearrange to…
number placed in front of an element symbol or chemical formu…
chemical bond
attraction between atoms when electrons are shared, transferr…
chemical equation
description of a reaction using element symbols and chemical…
13 terms
1.8 Chemical reactions and enzymes
Activation energy
Endothermic reaction
Exothermic reaction
Catalyst
Energy required to start a reaction
Products have more energy than the reactants, energy is absor…
Products have less energy than the reactants, energy is relea…
Speeds up a reaction by reducing the activation energy
Activation energy
Energy required to start a reaction
Endothermic reaction
Products have more energy than the reactants, energy is absor…
18 terms
Enzymes & Chemical Reactions
physical reaction
chemical reaction
reactants
products
changes the form of a substance
changes a substance into something else
substances that change/react (on left side of arrow)
substances that are made/produced (on right side of arrow)
physical reaction
changes the form of a substance
chemical reaction
changes a substance into something else
26 terms
Chemical Reactions 1
Chemical Formula
Chemical Equation
Reactants
Products
The combination of symbols and numbers that represent a molec…
Represents a chemical reaction using symbols and chemical for…
The elements or compounds used in a chemical reaction
The elements or compounds produced by a chemical reaction
Chemical Formula
The combination of symbols and numbers that represent a molec…
Chemical Equation
Represents a chemical reaction using symbols and chemical for…
10 terms
Chemical reactions
law of conservation of mass
balanced chemical reaction/equation
double replacement reaction
single replacement reaction
The law that states that mass cannot be created or destroyed…
chemical equation with the same number of atoms of each eleme…
Occurs when different atoms in two different compounds trade…
Occurs when one element replaces another one in a compound.... A…
law of conservation of mass
The law that states that mass cannot be created or destroyed…
balanced chemical reaction/equation
chemical equation with the same number of atoms of each eleme…
14 terms
Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
amino acids
lowering the activation energy
active site
chemical reaction
Proteins are polymers formed monomers
An enzyme speeds up a reaction by
In a chemcial reaction, a reactant binds to an enzyme at a re…
___ _____ is a process that changes one set of chemicals into…
amino acids
Proteins are polymers formed monomers
lowering the activation energy
An enzyme speeds up a reaction by
12 terms
Chemical Reactions and Enzymes
chemical reaction
reactant
product
activation energy
process that changes, or transforms, one set of chemicals int…
elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction.
elements or compounds that are produced by a chemical reaction
energy that is needed to get a reaction started.
chemical reaction
process that changes, or transforms, one set of chemicals int…
reactant
elements or compounds that enter into a chemical reaction.
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