# Study sets matching "term:epidemiology = study of relationships determining frequ…"

Study sets

Diagrams

Classes

Users

Epidemiology

Distribution

Distribution variables

Morbidity

The study of the distribution and determinants of disease freq…

Refers to how morbidity and mortality is distributed in a give…

person, place, and time.

illness, disease, injury

Epidemiology

The study of the distribution and determinants of disease freq…

Distribution

Refers to how morbidity and mortality is distributed in a give…

Acute disease

Analytical epidemiology

Bacteremia

Biological transmission

A disease in which symptoms develop rapidly but last for only…

Comparison of a diseased group and a healthy group to determin…

A condition in which there are bacteria in the blood

The transmission of a pathogen from one host to another when t…

Acute disease

A disease in which symptoms develop rapidly but last for only…

Analytical epidemiology

Comparison of a diseased group and a healthy group to determin…

Incidence rates

Morbidity rates

Mortality rates

Risk

The occurrence of new cases of disease or condition in a commu…

Rates of illness

Birth and death rates

Probability of an adverse event

Incidence rates

The occurrence of new cases of disease or condition in a commu…

Morbidity rates

Rates of illness

One common way to measure the effect of…

Greater variability leads to

Null Hypothesis(H0)

Alternative Hypothesis(H1 or HA)

Conduct a test of statistical significance

Greater range

No difference, no association

There is some difference or association

One common way to measure the effect of…

Conduct a test of statistical significance

Greater variability leads to

Greater range

Define and describe the discipline of e…

Summary of epidemiology

Objectives and activities in epidemiolo…

Epidemiology assumptions

Epidemiology is...... A public health-discipline basic science wh…

Epidemiology is the study (scientific, systematic, data driven…

Identify patterns/trends in disease occurrence in... various grou…

Disease occurrence is not random... Systematic investigation of…

Define and describe the discipline of e…

Epidemiology is...... A public health-discipline basic science wh…

Summary of epidemiology

Epidemiology is the study (scientific, systematic, data driven…

Incidence rates

Morbidity rates

Mortality rates

Risk

The occurrence of new cases of disease or condition in a commu…

Rates of illness

Birth and death rates

Probability of an adverse event

Incidence rates

The occurrence of new cases of disease or condition in a commu…

Morbidity rates

Rates of illness

what are the 3 key words in the definit…

measures of frequency

measures of association

Risk

distribution determinants ... disease

quantifying disease distribution among groups ... unique to desc…

quantifying the association between determinants and disease…

aka cumulative incidence... The probability that a disease-free,…

what are the 3 key words in the definit…

distribution determinants ... disease

measures of frequency

quantifying disease distribution among groups ... unique to desc…

Ratio (R) Equation

Rate (r)* Equation

Proportion (p)

Ratio Definition

R = X/Y

r = X/(delta)t

P = A/(A+B)

Both numerator and denominator refer to the frequency of some…

Ratio (R) Equation

R = X/Y

Rate (r)* Equation

r = X/(delta)t

Analytic epidemiology

descriptive epidemiology

determinant

distribution

examines causal hypotheses regarding the association between e…

epidemiologic studies that are concerned with characterizing t…

any factor that brings about CHANGE in health condition or oth…

occurrence of diseases and other health outcomes varies in pop…

Analytic epidemiology

examines causal hypotheses regarding the association between e…

descriptive epidemiology

epidemiologic studies that are concerned with characterizing t…

Health

Distribution

Determinant

Morbidity

A state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being an…

-Occurrence of disease and other health outcomes varies in pop…

-A collective or individual risk factor(s).... - the risk factor…

Illnesses due to a specific disease or health condition

Health

A state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being an…

Distribution

-Occurrence of disease and other health outcomes varies in pop…

Incidence

Prevalence

Case Fatality Rate

Risk factor

The number of new cases per person per unit of time

The proportion of the population at a given time that has a ca…

Ratio of fatal cases to total cases

A definable element of exposure that captures at least one par…

Incidence

The number of new cases per person per unit of time

Prevalence

The proportion of the population at a given time that has a ca…

Epidemiology

Distribution

Frequency

Pattern

The study of the distribution and determinants of health-relat…

The frequency and pattern of health events in a population. Di…

The number of health events (number of cases) and the relation…

The occurrence of health-related events by person (who), place…

Epidemiology

The study of the distribution and determinants of health-relat…

Distribution

The frequency and pattern of health events in a population. Di…

John Snow

Epidemiology defined

Sub-specialties within epidemiology

Various employers of epidemiologists

One of the developers of epidemiology

A public health discipline basic science which studies both th…

-focus on disease... -focus on exposure... -focus on population ... ---…

-local/state/territorial/national public health... -Government... -A…

John Snow

One of the developers of epidemiology

Epidemiology defined

A public health discipline basic science which studies both th…

The study of the distribution and deter…

What are the key objective of epidemiol…

Analysis of disease patterns according…

Factors that bring about a change in a…

Epidemiology

Natural course of disease... Extent with in the population... Patter…

Disease Distribution

Disease Determinants

The study of the distribution and deter…

Epidemiology

What are the key objective of epidemiol…

Natural course of disease... Extent with in the population... Patter…

Incidence

Prevalence

Case Fatality Rate

Risk factor

The number of new cases per person per unit of time

The proportion of the population at a given time that has a ca…

Ratio of fatal cases to total cases

A definable element of exposure that captures at least one par…

Incidence

The number of new cases per person per unit of time

Prevalence

The proportion of the population at a given time that has a ca…

Surveillance

Communicable disease

Demography

Biostatistics

systemic collection, analysis, interpretation, dissemination,…

an illness caused by infectious agent that can be transmitted…

the study of data (births, deaths, socioeconomic status) perta…

A field of statistics pertaining to living organisms

Surveillance

systemic collection, analysis, interpretation, dissemination,…

Communicable disease

an illness caused by infectious agent that can be transmitted…

epidemiology

biostatistics

Understand 2 fundamental concepts of ep…

Explain why studying human populations…

The basic science of public health that focuses on the distrib…

A subset of statistics used to handle health-related informati…

-Human disease is NOT randomly distributed throughout a popula…

Basic lab and animal research can have almost all control of e…

epidemiology

The basic science of public health that focuses on the distrib…

biostatistics

A subset of statistics used to handle health-related informati…

What is epidemiology?

T/F Epidemiology focuses on averages.

How does epidemiology differ from other…

Epidemiology focuses on:

The study of how a health-related event is distributed in a po…

True

1. Few things are certain... 2. 1 + 1 does not always equal 2

1. Who the researcher is... 2. What the sampling method is... 3. Wha…

What is epidemiology?

The study of how a health-related event is distributed in a po…

T/F Epidemiology focuses on averages.

True

epidemic

pandemic

Epidemiology

Characteristics of epidemiology

The occurrence in a community or region of cases of an illness…

An epidemic occurring worldwide, or over a very wide area, cro…

is concerned with the distribution and determinants of health…

population focus, distribution, determinants, outcomes, quanti…

epidemic

The occurrence in a community or region of cases of an illness…

pandemic

An epidemic occurring worldwide, or over a very wide area, cro…

epidemiology (Greek)

epidemiology

population perspective

inferential study

a statement about what is upon the people

study of the distribution and determinants of health-related s…

described by person, place, and time

descriptive study

epidemiology (Greek)

a statement about what is upon the people

epidemiology

study of the distribution and determinants of health-related s…

What is bias?

An example of bias

Types of Descriptive Studies (who, wher…

Types of Analytic Studies (why and how)

Bias may be defined as any systematic error in an epidemiologi…

Feline High-Rise Syndrome (FHRS): The injuries associated with…

- Case Study (single case, rabies)... - Case Series (multiple cas…

-Clinical Trials (planned interventions, not just drugs)... - Coh…

What is bias?

Bias may be defined as any systematic error in an epidemiologi…

An example of bias

Feline High-Rise Syndrome (FHRS): The injuries associated with…

Epidemiology

Epidemiological Triad

Agent

Host

The study of how disease is distributed in populations and the…

The product of an interaction of the human host, an infectious…

Originally referred to an infectious microorganism or pathogen…

The animal/human who can get the disease

Epidemiology

The study of how disease is distributed in populations and the…

Epidemiological Triad

The product of an interaction of the human host, an infectious…

What is Health?

Six Dimensions of Health

What is Public Health?

Population

the absence of illness

Physical... Emotional... Spiritual... Environmental... Mental ... Social

The Science and art of promoting health and extending life on…

To a collection of individuals that share one or more observab…

What is Health?

the absence of illness

Six Dimensions of Health

Physical... Emotional... Spiritual... Environmental... Mental ... Social

Define Epidemiology:

Define Population:

Define Disease Frequency:

Define Study of Distribution:

"The study of the distribution and determinants of disease fre…

A group of people with a common characteristic such as place o…

How often does a disease arise in a population?... **Need to deve…

Analysis of disease patterns according to the characteristics…

Define Epidemiology:

"The study of the distribution and determinants of disease fre…

Define Population:

A group of people with a common characteristic such as place o…

Acute disease

Analytical epidemiology

Bacteremia

Biological transmission

A disease in which symptoms develop rapidly but last for only…

Comparison of a diseased group and a healthy group to determin…

A condition in which there are bacteria in the blood

The transmission of a pathogen from one host to another when t…

Acute disease

A disease in which symptoms develop rapidly but last for only…

Analytical epidemiology

Comparison of a diseased group and a healthy group to determin…