Study sets matching "term:epidemiology = study of relationships determining frequency and distribution of diseases"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "term:epidemiology = study of relationships determining frequency and distribution of diseases"

120 terms
epidemiology
epidemic
pandemic
Epidemiology
Characteristics of epidemiology
The occurrence in a community or region of cases of an illnes…
An epidemic occurring worldwide, or over a very wide area, cr…
is concerned with the distribution and determinants of health…
population focus, distribution, determinants, outcomes, quant…
epidemic
The occurrence in a community or region of cases of an illnes…
pandemic
An epidemic occurring worldwide, or over a very wide area, cr…
172 terms
Epidemiology of Infectious Diseases Part 1
Epidemiology
Distribution
Distribution variables
Morbidity
The study of the distribution and determinants of disease fre…
Refers to how morbidity and mortality is distributed in a giv…
person, place, and time.
illness, disease, injury
Epidemiology
The study of the distribution and determinants of disease fre…
Distribution
Refers to how morbidity and mortality is distributed in a giv…
10 terms
Review of Basic Concepts of Epidemiology
epidemiology (Greek)
epidemiology
population perspective
inferential study
a statement about what is upon the people
study of the distribution and determinants of health-related…
described by person, place, and time
descriptive study
epidemiology (Greek)
a statement about what is upon the people
epidemiology
study of the distribution and determinants of health-related…
epidemiology
epidemic
pandemic
Epidemiology
Characteristics of epidemiology
The occurrence in a community or region of cases of an illnes…
An epidemic occurring worldwide, or over a very wide area, cr…
is concerned with the distribution and determinants of health…
population focus, distribution, determinants, outcomes, quant…
epidemic
The occurrence in a community or region of cases of an illnes…
pandemic
An epidemic occurring worldwide, or over a very wide area, cr…
120 terms
HOSA Epidemiology Vocabulary
epidemiology
distribution
determinants
scope
community medicine
the frequency and pattern of health-related characteristics a…
Any factor, whether event, characteristic, or other definable…
the range and breadth which epidemiological studies can observe
epidemiology
community medicine
distribution
the frequency and pattern of health-related characteristics a…
25 terms
Epidemiology
First Epidemiological study
Snow and the Thames River incident
Epidemiology goals
John Snow
1853/1854
cholera lead to epidemiologic surveillance leading to notifia…
is to prevent disease before people began dying
founding father of modern epidemiology.
First Epidemiological study
1853/1854
Snow and the Thames River incident
cholera lead to epidemiologic surveillance leading to notifia…
120 terms
HOSA Epidemiology Vocabulary 2015
epidemiology
distribution
determinants
scope
community medicine
the frequency and pattern of health-related characteristics a…
Any factor, whether event, characteristic, or other definable…
the range and breadth which epidemiological studies can observe
epidemiology
community medicine
distribution
the frequency and pattern of health-related characteristics a…
6 terms
(CIH) Epidemiology
Rate Ratio
Odds Ratio
Risk Ratio
Components of Epidemiology
(rate of disease in the exposed) / (rate of disease in the no…
(odds of disease in exposed) / (odds of disease in the non-ex…
(risk of disease in the exposed) / (risk of disease in the no…
-Measure disease frequency... -Assess distribution of disease ... -…
Rate Ratio
(rate of disease in the exposed) / (rate of disease in the no…
Odds Ratio
(odds of disease in exposed) / (odds of disease in the non-ex…
196 terms
Hosa Epidemiology
Incidence
Prevalence
Case Fatality Rate
Risk factor
The number of new cases per person per unit of time
The proportion of the population at a given time that has a c…
Ratio of fatal cases to total cases
A definable element of exposure that captures at least one pa…
Incidence
The number of new cases per person per unit of time
Prevalence
The proportion of the population at a given time that has a c…
114 terms
Epidemiology of Infectious Diseases Part 2
One common way to measure the effect o…
Greater variability leads to
Null Hypothesis(H0)
Alternative Hypothesis(H1 or HA)
Conduct a test of statistical significance
Greater range
No difference, no association
There is some difference or association
One common way to measure the effect o…
Conduct a test of statistical significance
Greater variability leads to
Greater range
Epidemiology vocab chapter I and 2
Acculturation
Age-specific rates
Attack rate
Bimodal
Modifications that individuals or groups undergo when they co…
Frequency of a disease in a particular age stratum divided by…
An alternative form of the incidence rate that is used when t…
Bimodal distribution may signify two different causal mechani…
Acculturation
Modifications that individuals or groups undergo when they co…
Age-specific rates
Frequency of a disease in a particular age stratum divided by…
55 terms
Exam 1- Lecture 1-7 Epidemiology: Descriptive Epidemiology & Measures of Disease Frequency
Define and describe the discipline of…
Summary of epidemiology
Objectives and activities in epidemiol…
Epidemiology assumptions
Epidemiology is...... A public health-discipline basic science w…
Epidemiology is the study (scientific, systematic, data drive…
Identify patterns/trends in disease occurrence in... various gro…
Disease occurrence is not random... Systematic investigation of…
Define and describe the discipline of…
Epidemiology is...... A public health-discipline basic science w…
Summary of epidemiology
Epidemiology is the study (scientific, systematic, data drive…
196 terms
Hosa Epidemiology 2
Incidence
Prevalence
Case Fatality Rate
Risk factor
The number of new cases per person per unit of time
The proportion of the population at a given time that has a c…
Ratio of fatal cases to total cases
A definable element of exposure that captures at least one pa…
Incidence
The number of new cases per person per unit of time
Prevalence
The proportion of the population at a given time that has a c…
Classifications for Epidemiology
epidemiology
classical epidemiology
clinical epidemiology
infectious disease epidemiology
the study of the distribution and determinants of diseases an…
(more imp. in event) population oriented, studies community o…
studies patients in health care settings in order to improve…
heavily dependent on laboratory support
epidemiology
the study of the distribution and determinants of diseases an…
classical epidemiology
(more imp. in event) population oriented, studies community o…
119 terms
Epidemiology Exam 1
Public Health
Public Health Professional
10 Great Public Health achievements 19…
Disciplines of Public Health
The science of protecting and improving the heath of communit…
analyze effects of genetics, personal choice and environment…
1. Vaccination... 2. Motor Safety... 3. Safer work places... 4. Contro…
- Basic sciences ... - Clinical sciences... - Public Health/communi…
Public Health
The science of protecting and improving the heath of communit…
Public Health Professional
analyze effects of genetics, personal choice and environment…
73 terms
Epidemiology
Epidemiology
disease
disease frequency
definition, counting system, calculati…
"The study of the distribution and determinants of... disease fr…
This is defined as health-related states and events... including…
Epidemiology defines this measure as one that identifies and…
What are the three components necessary to calculate disease…
Epidemiology
"The study of the distribution and determinants of... disease fr…
disease
This is defined as health-related states and events... including…
13 terms
Epidemiology
Incidence rates
Morbidity rates
Mortality rates
Risk
The occurrence of new cases of disease or condition in a comm…
Rates of illness
Birth and death rates
Probability of an adverse event
Incidence rates
The occurrence of new cases of disease or condition in a comm…
Morbidity rates
Rates of illness
31 terms
Epidemiology of Viral Diseases
What is epidemiology?
What is incidence rate?
What is prevalence rate?
What is mortality rate?
Study of determinants, dynamics and distribution of disease i…
Measure of disease frequency in a population over a specific…
Measure of disease frequency at a particular time... PR = # cas…
% of animals of a sick population that die from a particular…
What is epidemiology?
Study of determinants, dynamics and distribution of disease i…
What is incidence rate?
Measure of disease frequency in a population over a specific…
122 terms
HOSA Epidemiology Vocabulary 2016
epidemiology
distribution
determinants
scope
community medicine
the frequency and pattern of health-related characteristics a…
Any factor, whether event, characteristic, or other definable…
the range and breadth which epidemiological studies can observe
epidemiology
community medicine
distribution
the frequency and pattern of health-related characteristics a…
120 terms
HOSA Epidemiology Vocabulary 2015
epidemiology
distribution
determinants
scope
community medicine
the frequency and pattern of health-related characteristics a…
Any factor, whether event, characteristic, or other definable…
the range and breadth which epidemiological studies can observe
epidemiology
community medicine
distribution
the frequency and pattern of health-related characteristics a…
Epidemiology
public health
3 scientific basis of public health
epidemiology
objectives of epidemiology: 5
goal: promote the health of the population through organized…
pathology and toxicology, internal medicine, epidemiology
study of the distribution and determinants of disease frequen…
study course of disease,... determine extent,... identify pattern…
public health
goal: promote the health of the population through organized…
3 scientific basis of public health
pathology and toxicology, internal medicine, epidemiology
26 terms
Epidemiology B2 L2 - Measures of Disease Frequency - Association and Risk Estimates
Ratio (R) Equation
Rate (r)* Equation
Proportion (p)
Ratio Definition
R = X/Y
r = X/(delta)t
P = A/(A+B)
Both numerator and denominator refer to the frequency of some…
Ratio (R) Equation
R = X/Y
Rate (r)* Equation
r = X/(delta)t
34 terms
Lecture 3 - Epidemiology & Identification of Vector-borne Diseases
Epidemiology
Two ways frequency of a disease is mea…
Prevalence
Incidence
The study of the relationships of the various factors and con…
1)Prevalence... 2)Incidence
The proportion of people who have a disease during a certain…
Number of new cases over specific period of time
Epidemiology
The study of the relationships of the various factors and con…
Two ways frequency of a disease is mea…
1)Prevalence... 2)Incidence
40 terms
Veterinary Epidemiology- Disease Frequency and Association 1
Define Epidemiology
Objectives of Epidemiology
Types of Prevention
Components of Disease outbreaks
The study of how disease is distributed in populations and fa…
-Determine burden of disease in population... -ID etiology/cause…
Primary-preventing initail development of disease (vaccines,…
Determinants of disease outbreaks, Herd Immunity, Incubation…
Define Epidemiology
The study of how disease is distributed in populations and fa…
Objectives of Epidemiology
-Determine burden of disease in population... -ID etiology/cause…
11 terms
Intro to public health Chapter 5: Epidemiological Principles and Methods
Definition of Epidemiology
Step 1: Define the Disease
Disease Frequency
Distribution of Disease
Epidemiology is defined as "the of the distribution and deter…
Death is easy to determine - death certificates have cause of…
Count number of people with disease and relate to the populat…
Who - sex, age, occupation, race, and economic status... When -…
Definition of Epidemiology
Epidemiology is defined as "the of the distribution and deter…
Step 1: Define the Disease
Death is easy to determine - death certificates have cause of…
77 terms
Epidemiology
Public Health
Pneumocystis Carinii Pneumonia
Kaposi's Sarcoma
Epidemiology
Multidisciplinary field whose goal is to promote the health o…
A chiefly affecting immune optimized individuals that is caus…
Tumor caused by infection with Human Herpesvirus 8.
The study of the distribution and determinants of disease fre…
Public Health
Multidisciplinary field whose goal is to promote the health o…
Pneumocystis Carinii Pneumonia
A chiefly affecting immune optimized individuals that is caus…
97 terms
Epidemiology
Nsg and epidemiology
Epidemiology
The principle science of public health
Two epidemiology methods
Promoting and preserving the health of populations
Study of the distribution and determinants of health and dise…
Epidemiology
Descriptive... Analytic
Nsg and epidemiology
Promoting and preserving the health of populations
Epidemiology
Study of the distribution and determinants of health and dise…
61 terms
Epi I Exam I Review Topics
Basic research goal
Clinical research goal
Public health research
Distribution
understand disease mechanisms or effects of toxic substances
improve diagnosis and treatment of disease; prevention of rec…
prevention of disease, promotion of health
who/what/where/when
Basic research goal
understand disease mechanisms or effects of toxic substances
Clinical research goal
improve diagnosis and treatment of disease; prevention of rec…
Chronic Diseases, Social and Behavioral Epidemiology
History of Epidemiology
Evolution and expansion of epidemiology
Chronic Disease Epidemiology
Advanced model of epidemiology triangle
- Grew out of the field of medicine in 19th century... - Infecti…
Understanding and treatment of vector-borne disease... Shift to…
Study of distribution and determinants of chronic diseases an…
Environment/Behavior/Culture/Physiological Factors/Ecological…
History of Epidemiology
- Grew out of the field of medicine in 19th century... - Infecti…
Evolution and expansion of epidemiology
Understanding and treatment of vector-borne disease... Shift to…
DH 26 The Epidemiology Of Oral Diseases
cohort study
agent
endemic
Environment
Individuals are classified into groups according to having a…
a biological physical or chemical entity capable of causing d…
The constant presence or the usual prevalence of a disease wi…
The sum of all the conditions and elements that make up the s…
cohort study
Individuals are classified into groups according to having a…
agent
a biological physical or chemical entity capable of causing d…
Foundations of Epidemiology (Chapter 1)
What is health?
What are the 6 dimensions of health?
What is public health?
Population is:
Absence of illness
1. Physical ... 2. Social... 3. Mental... 4. Emotional... 5. Spiritual... 6.…
The science and art of promoting health and extending life on…
a collection of individuals that share one or more characteri…
What is health?
Absence of illness
What are the 6 dimensions of health?
1. Physical ... 2. Social... 3. Mental... 4. Emotional... 5. Spiritual... 6.…
Ch. 3 Epidemiology and Nursing Practice
Epidemiology
3 elements of epidemiology
John Snow
Disease mapping
study of disease; include the exam of factors that affect the…
person (groups affected), place (where affected), time (how l…
important name in epidemiology; founder of modern epidemiolog…
frequency distribution of number of deaths, location of death…
Epidemiology
study of disease; include the exam of factors that affect the…
3 elements of epidemiology
person (groups affected), place (where affected), time (how l…
12 terms
Epidemiology in Physical Activity
epidemiology
John Snow
clinical medicine
population medicine
the study of the distribution and determinants of health and…
father of epidemiology
focuses on teh care of individuals; secondary and tertiary pr…
focuses on the community; includes people at risk for develop…
epidemiology
the study of the distribution and determinants of health and…
John Snow
father of epidemiology
157 terms
Epidemiology Midterm I of III
Part I
What are the three major categories of…
What is the definition of epidemiology?
T/F epidemiology is mostly concerned w…
...
1. Basic sciences... 2. Clinical sciences... 3. Population medicine
Study of distribution and determinants of diseases and injuri…
False - interested in groups
Part I
...
What are the three major categories of…
1. Basic sciences... 2. Clinical sciences... 3. Population medicine
78 terms
Epidemiology
Epidemiology definition
determinants are
distrubution refers to
morbidity designates
the study of the occurrence of health, disease, injury, accid…
factors or events that are capable of bringing about a change…
frequency of disease occurence may vary from one population g…
illness, prevalence of a disease of of all disease in a popul…
Epidemiology definition
the study of the occurrence of health, disease, injury, accid…
determinants are
factors or events that are capable of bringing about a change…
Epidemiology
Definition of Epidemiology
Assumptions of epidemiology
Six Uses of Epidemiology
define population
the study of distribution and determinants of health -related…
1. disease does not occur at random... 2. diseases have boh caus…
1. study history of the health of populations... 2. diagnose the…
a group of people with a common characteristic such as a plac…
Definition of Epidemiology
the study of distribution and determinants of health -related…
Assumptions of epidemiology
1. disease does not occur at random... 2. diseases have boh caus…
Principles of Epidemiology Chapter 1
Epidemiology
Frequency
Pattern
Descriptive epidemiology
The study of the distribution and determinants of health-rela…
The number of health related events and the relationship to t…
The occurrence of health-related events discussed in terms of…
Characterizing health events in terms of TPP
Epidemiology
The study of the distribution and determinants of health-rela…
Frequency
The number of health related events and the relationship to t…
Epidemiology
Epidemiology
Father of Epidemiology
Clinical Medicine
Population medicine
The study of the distribution and determinants of health and…
John Snow
Focuses on the care of individuals... Secondary and tertiary pre…
Focuses on the community... includes people at risk for developi…
Epidemiology
The study of the distribution and determinants of health and…
Father of Epidemiology
John Snow
Epidemiology - Chapter 1
Epidemiology
Distribution
Determinants
Deterrents
The study of the distribution, determinants, and deterrents o…
- Refers to this of morbidity and mortality in a population.…
- Why the morbidity or mortality is occurring... - Often answere…
- Utilizing the information gleaned from collected data, what…
Epidemiology
The study of the distribution, determinants, and deterrents o…
Distribution
- Refers to this of morbidity and mortality in a population.…
48 terms
Ch 1Principles of Epidemiology Work Book, Merrill
Mission of Public Health
What is the meaning of population?
Subfields of public health
Three core functions of public health
Support and maintain conditions that promote the six dimensio…
Population is a collection of individuals sharing one or more…
Epidemiology (considered foundation of ph) ... biostatistics ... he…
1) Assessing and monitoring the health of communities and pop…
Mission of Public Health
Support and maintain conditions that promote the six dimensio…
What is the meaning of population?
Population is a collection of individuals sharing one or more…
120 terms
HOSA Epidemiology Vocabulary 2015
epidemiology
distribution
determinants
scope
community medicine
the frequency and pattern of health-related characteristics a…
Any factor, whether event, characteristic, or other definable…
the range and breadth which epidemiological studies can observe
epidemiology
community medicine
distribution
the frequency and pattern of health-related characteristics a…
epidemiology terms
epidemiology
distribution
determinants
epidemiology triad
is concerned with the distribution and determinants of health…
the frequency of occurrence of states of health and illness w…
factors that contribute to the cause of disease, illness, or…
agent, host, and environment
epidemiology
is concerned with the distribution and determinants of health…
distribution
the frequency of occurrence of states of health and illness w…
Epidemiology Lecture 3
Descriptive Epidemiology
Analytical Epidemiology
Descriptive Epidemiology Disease rates
Crude Disease Rates
Used to identify a health problem that may exist... -Characteriz…
Follow descriptive studies and are used to identify the cause…
-Crude/unadjusted... -Category specific/stratified... -Adjusted/sta…
Crude heart disease mortality rates for all Missouri resident…
Descriptive Epidemiology
Used to identify a health problem that may exist... -Characteriz…
Analytical Epidemiology
Follow descriptive studies and are used to identify the cause…
Epidemiology Midterm Exam
Epidemiology
Etiology
Descriptive epidemiology
Analytical epidemiology
study of the patterns of health and disease in populations an…
the cause, set of causes, or manner of causation of a disease…
describes patterns and formulates hypotheses; questions answe…
involves analysis of data to test hypotheses; questions answe…
Epidemiology
study of the patterns of health and disease in populations an…
Etiology
the cause, set of causes, or manner of causation of a disease…
43 terms
Epidemiology Unit : History of Epidemiology, Basic Concepts and Measures
Primary Prevention
Secondary Prevention
Tertiary Prevention
Epidemiology
Pre-pathogenesis, focuses on health promotion and specific pr…
Early stages of pathogenesis, goal is to limit disease progre…
Later stages of pathogenesis, goal is to restore optimal func…
determinants and distributions of health and diseases, morbid…
Primary Prevention
Pre-pathogenesis, focuses on health promotion and specific pr…
Secondary Prevention
Early stages of pathogenesis, goal is to limit disease progre…
Epidemiology
Epidemiology
Look to answer the questions:
Fixed population
Dynamic population
Distribution and determinants of disease frequency in human p…
Who? What? When? Where? Why? How?
membership is permanent and defined by an event... ex: atomic bo…
membership is transient and defined by being in or out of a "…
Epidemiology
Distribution and determinants of disease frequency in human p…
Look to answer the questions:
Who? What? When? Where? Why? How?
59 terms
Epidemiology Exam 1 - Chapter 1
Aspects of health
public health
population
Three core functions of public health
physical, mental, social, emotional, spiritual, environmental
the science/art of promoting health and extending life on an…
refers to a collection of individuals who share one or more p…
assessing and monitoring the health of communities and popula…
Aspects of health
physical, mental, social, emotional, spiritual, environmental
public health
the science/art of promoting health and extending life on an…
37 terms
HOSA epi
Epidemiology
Descriptive Epidemiology
Analytical Epidemiology
Pandemic
...
deals with the frequency and the distribution of risk factors…
aims to research and study risk and protector factors of dise…
An epidemic occurring worldwide, or over a very wide area, cr…
Epidemiology
...
Descriptive Epidemiology
deals with the frequency and the distribution of risk factors…
17 terms
Epidemiology week 1
epidemiology
epidemic
outbreak
endemic
study of distribution and determinants of disease frequency
occurrence of cases exceeding the prevalence in a region/comm…
localized disease epidemic
usual prevalence of a disease with in a population or area, p…
epidemiology
study of distribution and determinants of disease frequency
epidemic
occurrence of cases exceeding the prevalence in a region/comm…
163 terms
health 3300: Epidemiology Final
What is epidemiology?
Epidemiological Reasoning
Frequency
Distribution
The study of the distribution and determinants of disease fre…
Frequency, Distribution, Determinants
Quantification of a disease
Who, Where, and when is getting the disease
What is epidemiology?
The study of the distribution and determinants of disease fre…
Epidemiological Reasoning
Frequency, Distribution, Determinants
1 of 10