#### Study sets matching "term:epidemiology = study of relationships determining frequency and distribution of diseases"

#### Study sets matching "term:epidemiology = study of relationships determining frequency and distribution of diseases"

epidemic

pandemic

Epidemiology

Characteristics of epidemiology

The occurrence in a community or region of cases of an illnes…

An epidemic occurring worldwide, or over a very wide area, cr…

is concerned with the distribution and determinants of health…

population focus, distribution, determinants, outcomes, quant…

epidemic

The occurrence in a community or region of cases of an illnes…

pandemic

An epidemic occurring worldwide, or over a very wide area, cr…

Epidemiology

Distribution

Distribution variables

Morbidity

The study of the distribution and determinants of disease fre…

Refers to how morbidity and mortality is distributed in a giv…

person, place, and time.

illness, disease, injury

Epidemiology

The study of the distribution and determinants of disease fre…

Distribution

Refers to how morbidity and mortality is distributed in a giv…

epidemiology (Greek)

epidemiology

population perspective

inferential study

a statement about what is upon the people

study of the distribution and determinants of health-related…

described by person, place, and time

descriptive study

epidemiology (Greek)

a statement about what is upon the people

epidemiology

study of the distribution and determinants of health-related…

epidemic

pandemic

Epidemiology

Characteristics of epidemiology

The occurrence in a community or region of cases of an illnes…

An epidemic occurring worldwide, or over a very wide area, cr…

is concerned with the distribution and determinants of health…

population focus, distribution, determinants, outcomes, quant…

epidemic

The occurrence in a community or region of cases of an illnes…

pandemic

An epidemic occurring worldwide, or over a very wide area, cr…

epidemiology

distribution

determinants

scope

community medicine

the frequency and pattern of health-related characteristics a…

Any factor, whether event, characteristic, or other definable…

the range and breadth which epidemiological studies can observe

epidemiology

community medicine

distribution

the frequency and pattern of health-related characteristics a…

epidemiology

distribution

determinants

scope

community medicine

the frequency and pattern of health-related characteristics a…

Any factor, whether event, characteristic, or other definable…

the range and breadth which epidemiological studies can observe

epidemiology

community medicine

distribution

the frequency and pattern of health-related characteristics a…

First Epidemiological study

Snow and the Thames River incident

Epidemiology goals

John Snow

1853/1854

cholera lead to epidemiologic surveillance leading to notifia…

is to prevent disease before people began dying

founding father of modern epidemiology.

First Epidemiological study

1853/1854

Snow and the Thames River incident

cholera lead to epidemiologic surveillance leading to notifia…

Rate Ratio

Odds Ratio

Risk Ratio

Components of Epidemiology

(rate of disease in the exposed) / (rate of disease in the no…

(odds of disease in exposed) / (odds of disease in the non-ex…

(risk of disease in the exposed) / (risk of disease in the no…

-Measure disease frequency... -Assess distribution of disease ... -…

Rate Ratio

(rate of disease in the exposed) / (rate of disease in the no…

Odds Ratio

(odds of disease in exposed) / (odds of disease in the non-ex…

One common way to measure the effect o…

Greater variability leads to

Null Hypothesis(H0)

Alternative Hypothesis(H1 or HA)

Conduct a test of statistical significance

Greater range

No difference, no association

There is some difference or association

One common way to measure the effect o…

Conduct a test of statistical significance

Greater variability leads to

Greater range

Epidemiology

Population

Frequency (quantification)

Distribution

Studies the frequency, distribution and determinants of healt…

Epidemiology studies health and disease in populations. Popul…

"How much" disease exists in populations.

How disease is spread across populations.

Epidemiology

Studies the frequency, distribution and determinants of healt…

Population

Epidemiology studies health and disease in populations. Popul…

Surveillance

Communicable disease

Demography

Biostatistics

systemic collection, analysis, interpretation, dissemination,…

an illness caused by infectious agent that can be transmitted…

the study of data (births, deaths, socioeconomic status) pert…

A field of statistics pertaining to living organisms

Surveillance

systemic collection, analysis, interpretation, dissemination,…

Communicable disease

an illness caused by infectious agent that can be transmitted…

Incidence

Prevalence

Case Fatality Rate

Risk factor

The number of new cases per person per unit of time

The proportion of the population at a given time that has a c…

Ratio of fatal cases to total cases

A definable element of exposure that captures at least one pa…

Incidence

The number of new cases per person per unit of time

Prevalence

The proportion of the population at a given time that has a c…

Define and describe the discipline of…

Summary of epidemiology

Objectives and activities in epidemiol…

Epidemiology assumptions

Epidemiology is...... A public health-discipline basic science w…

Epidemiology is the study (scientific, systematic, data drive…

Identify patterns/trends in disease occurrence in... various gro…

Disease occurrence is not random... Systematic investigation of…

Define and describe the discipline of…

Epidemiology is...... A public health-discipline basic science w…

Summary of epidemiology

Epidemiology is the study (scientific, systematic, data drive…

Epidemiologist (Disease detective)

Epidemiology

What is a classic study?

10 Essential Public Health Services

They collect, analyze and interpret data.They use tools of th…

The study of the distribution and determinants of disease in…

The link between smoking and lung cancer

Epidemiologist (Disease detective)

They collect, analyze and interpret data.They use tools of th…

Epidemiology

The study of the distribution and determinants of disease in…

Acculturation

Age-specific rates

Attack rate

Bimodal

Modifications that individuals or groups undergo when they co…

Frequency of a disease in a particular age stratum divided by…

An alternative form of the incidence rate that is used when t…

Bimodal distribution may signify two different causal mechani…

Acculturation

Modifications that individuals or groups undergo when they co…

Age-specific rates

Frequency of a disease in a particular age stratum divided by…

epidemiology

classical epidemiology

clinical epidemiology

infectious disease epidemiology

the study of the distribution and determinants of diseases an…

(more imp. in event) population oriented, studies community o…

studies patients in health care settings in order to improve…

heavily dependent on laboratory support

epidemiology

the study of the distribution and determinants of diseases an…

classical epidemiology

(more imp. in event) population oriented, studies community o…

Public Health

Public Health Professional

10 Great Public Health achievements 19…

Disciplines of Public Health

The science of protecting and improving the heath of communit…

analyze effects of genetics, personal choice and environment…

1. Vaccination... 2. Motor Safety... 3. Safer work places... 4. Contro…

- Basic sciences ... - Clinical sciences... - Public Health/communi…

Public Health

The science of protecting and improving the heath of communit…

Public Health Professional

analyze effects of genetics, personal choice and environment…

Epidemiology

disease

disease frequency

definition, counting system, calculati…

"The study of the distribution and determinants of... disease fr…

This is defined as health-related states and events... including…

Epidemiology defines this measure as one that identifies and…

What are the three components necessary to calculate disease…

Epidemiology

"The study of the distribution and determinants of... disease fr…

disease

This is defined as health-related states and events... including…

Incidence

Prevalence

Case Fatality Rate

Risk factor

The number of new cases per person per unit of time

The proportion of the population at a given time that has a c…

Ratio of fatal cases to total cases

A definable element of exposure that captures at least one pa…

Incidence

The number of new cases per person per unit of time

Prevalence

The proportion of the population at a given time that has a c…

epidemiology

distribution

determinants

scope

community medicine

the frequency and pattern of health-related characteristics a…

Any factor, whether event, characteristic, or other definable…

the range and breadth which epidemiological studies can observe

epidemiology

community medicine

distribution

the frequency and pattern of health-related characteristics a…

epidemiology

distribution

determinants

scope

community medicine

the frequency and pattern of health-related characteristics a…

Any factor, whether event, characteristic, or other definable…

the range and breadth which epidemiological studies can observe

epidemiology

community medicine

distribution

the frequency and pattern of health-related characteristics a…

public health

3 scientific basis of public health

epidemiology

objectives of epidemiology: 5

goal: promote the health of the population through organized…

pathology and toxicology, internal medicine, epidemiology

study of the distribution and determinants of disease frequen…

study course of disease,... determine extent,... identify pattern…

public health

goal: promote the health of the population through organized…

3 scientific basis of public health

pathology and toxicology, internal medicine, epidemiology

Epidemiology

Two ways frequency of a disease is mea…

Prevalence

Incidence

The study of the relationships of the various factors and con…

1)Prevalence... 2)Incidence

The proportion of people who have a disease during a certain…

Number of new cases over specific period of time

Epidemiology

The study of the relationships of the various factors and con…

Two ways frequency of a disease is mea…

1)Prevalence... 2)Incidence

Ratio (R) Equation

Rate (r)* Equation

Proportion (p)

Ratio Definition

R = X/Y

r = X/(delta)t

P = A/(A+B)

Both numerator and denominator refer to the frequency of some…

Ratio (R) Equation

R = X/Y

Rate (r)* Equation

r = X/(delta)t