# Study sets matching "term:epidemiology = the study of prevalence, incidence and e…"

Study sets

Diagrams

Classes

Users

significance of understanding and using…

How must one manipulate a fraction or p…

prevalence

significance of prevalence

-Measuring the magnitude or frequency of a state of health det…

A rate is a fraction or a proportion; therefore, it is necessa…

proportion of that population having the disorder at a given p…

provides a static measure of dx frequency, analogous to a sing…

significance of understanding and using…

-Measuring the magnitude or frequency of a state of health det…

How must one manipulate a fraction or p…

A rate is a fraction or a proportion; therefore, it is necessa…

Fractions

Ratio:

Proportion

rate

Express relative frequency of disease in a defined population…

A/b: numeraor and denominator are independent... Cats per dog

A/(a+b): numerator included in denominator... "Decimal fraction"…

Proportion that includes a time element... A/(a+b) per unit time…

Fractions

Express relative frequency of disease in a defined population…

Ratio:

A/b: numeraor and denominator are independent... Cats per dog

Epidemiology

Etiology

Patterns of Incidence

Endemic

The science that deals with the incidence and distribution of…

Study of the cause of disease

Endemic... Epidemic... Pandemic

Diseases that are constantly present (often at a low level) in…

Epidemiology

The science that deals with the incidence and distribution of…

Etiology

Study of the cause of disease

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Incidence rates

Morbidity rates

Mortality rates

Risk

The occurrence of new cases of disease or condition in a commu…

Rates of illness

Birth and death rates

Probability of an adverse event

Incidence rates

The occurrence of new cases of disease or condition in a commu…

Morbidity rates

Rates of illness

Significance of Understanding ... and Usin…

How must one manipulate a fraction or p…

Define: Prevalence

Significance of Prevalence

- Measuring the magnitude or frequency of a state of health de…

A rate is a fraction or a proportion; therefore, it is necessa…

Proportion of that population having the disorder at a given p…

Provides a static measure of dx frequency, analogous to a sing…

Significance of Understanding ... and Usin…

- Measuring the magnitude or frequency of a state of health de…

How must one manipulate a fraction or p…

A rate is a fraction or a proportion; therefore, it is necessa…

epidemiologic surveillance

passive surveillance

common problem with passive surveillance

active surveillance

ongoing systematic collection, analysis, and interpretation of…

surveillance in which available data on reportable diseases ar…

lack of completeness and therefore lower numbers of incidence…

surveillance in which project staff are recruited to carry out…

epidemiologic surveillance

ongoing systematic collection, analysis, and interpretation of…

passive surveillance

surveillance in which available data on reportable diseases ar…

Etiology

epidemiology

prevalence

incidence

all the factors involved in the development of a disease

study of the prevalence incidence and etiology of a disease wi…

number of cases of a disease identified within a specific popu…

number of new disease cases that occur in a given interval of…

Etiology

all the factors involved in the development of a disease

epidemiology

study of the prevalence incidence and etiology of a disease wi…

epidemiology

public health principles

tracking disease

prevalence

studying diseases in populations

are epidemiology principles

surveillance of diseases, many are reportable by law

total cases/total populations

epidemiology

studying diseases in populations

public health principles

are epidemiology principles

Overview of Epidemiologic Measures

______-Number of existing cases of a di…

__________ prevalence = At a given poin…

__________ prevalence = Within a period…

Prevalence

Point prevalence

Period prevalence (week, month, more)

Overview of Epidemiologic Measures

______-Number of existing cases of a di…

Prevalence

Overview of Epidemiologic Measures

______-Number of existing cases of a di…

__________ prevalence = At a given poin…

__________ prevalence = Within a period…

Prevalence

Point prevalence

Period prevalence (week, month, more)

Overview of Epidemiologic Measures

______-Number of existing cases of a di…

Prevalence

ecological study (Ex: comparing the per…

cross-sectional study (measures prevale…

cohort study (measures incidence)

case-control study

what type of (analytical) observational study is done when inf…

what type of (analytical) observational study mesures exposure…

what type of (analytical) observational study is done on a gro…

what type of (analytical) observational study is more efficien…

ecological study (Ex: comparing the per…

what type of (analytical) observational study is done when inf…

cross-sectional study (measures prevale…

what type of (analytical) observational study mesures exposure…

Incidence rates

Morbidity rates

Mortality rates

Risk

The occurrence of new cases of disease or condition in a commu…

Rates of illness

Birth and death rates

Probability of an adverse event

Incidence rates

The occurrence of new cases of disease or condition in a commu…

Morbidity rates

Rates of illness

Eitology

Epidemiology

Prevalence

Incidence

• Causative factors of a disease... • Periodontal disease has mul…

The study of the prevalence, incidence, and etiology of a dise…

The number of cases of a disease in a population at a given po…

Number of new cases of a disease that occur in a population ov…

Eitology

• Causative factors of a disease... • Periodontal disease has mul…

Epidemiology

The study of the prevalence, incidence, and etiology of a dise…

Epidemiology

Epidemiology is

Epidemic

Endemic

"Population medicine" ... Collect information about disease statu…

the study of distribution and determinants of health-related s…

Unexpectedly large number of cases of an illness, specific hea…

Disease that occurs regularly in a population as a matter of c…

Epidemiology

"Population medicine" ... Collect information about disease statu…

Epidemiology is

the study of distribution and determinants of health-related s…

epidemiology

incidence

prevalance

endemic

study of the location, course, and transmission of disease wit…

the number of new cases of a disease in a given area or popula…

total number of cases in a given area or population in a given…

A disease that normally occurs continually at a relatively sta…

epidemiology

study of the location, course, and transmission of disease wit…

incidence

the number of new cases of a disease in a given area or popula…

Incidence

incidence measurement starts with what…

incidence rate ratio

best use for incidence

number of new cases of a disease in a specified amount of time…

healthy people!! not already sick people - only measuring the…

examines risk factors and health disparities... men compared to w…

how rapidly a disease is developing, or how common within a ce…

Incidence

number of new cases of a disease in a specified amount of time…

incidence measurement starts with what…

healthy people!! not already sick people - only measuring the…

epidemiology

epidemiologist

can be used to prevent disease outbreak…

epidemic

population medicine... study of distribution and determinants of…

concerned with course of disease in a population... -collect info…

DATA... -has to support what you are going to do

unexpectedly large numbers of cases of an illness. specific he…

epidemiology

population medicine... study of distribution and determinants of…

epidemiologist

concerned with course of disease in a population... -collect info…

Incidence

Prevalence

Case Fatality Rate

Risk factor

The number of new cases per person per unit of time

The proportion of the population at a given time that has a ca…

Ratio of fatal cases to total cases

A definable element of exposure that captures at least one par…

Incidence

The number of new cases per person per unit of time

Prevalence

The proportion of the population at a given time that has a ca…

Infectivity

Virulence

Pandemic

Incidence

The proportion of persons exposed to an infectious agent who b…

The ability of any agent of infection to produce disease. numb…

world wide epidemic

The number of newly diagnosed cases during a specific time per…

Infectivity

The proportion of persons exposed to an infectious agent who b…

Virulence

The ability of any agent of infection to produce disease. numb…

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Morbidity

Incidence Rate

Mortality

Identifying Risk Factors begins with me…

Rate of Illness in the population. Frequency with which a part…

The incidence rate is the number of new cases per population a…

The death rate in the population

Observing the behaviour/genetics and environment of people who…

Morbidity

Rate of Illness in the population. Frequency with which a part…

Incidence Rate

The incidence rate is the number of new cases per population a…

Epidemiology

Mortality

Morbidity

Sporadic

Study of origin and pattern of disease

Incidence of DEATH in population

Incidence of DISEASE in population

Cases of disease occur at one in separate areas

Epidemiology

Study of origin and pattern of disease

Mortality

Incidence of DEATH in population

Epidemic

Endemic

Pandemic

Measures of Frequency... Incidence vs prev…

the occurrence of disease clearly in excess of normal expectan…

habitually pressent in a community/geographic area/population…

worse - global ... large geographic areas... Disease that occurs ove…

Incidence =

**New cases**, increase short term acute disease... Pre…Epidemic

the occurrence of disease clearly in excess of normal expectan…

Endemic

habitually pressent in a community/geographic area/population…

Pathology

Etiology

Pathogenesis

Infection

scientific study of disease

Cause or origin of a disease

manner, or process, by which a disease develops

invasion of colonization of the body by pathogenic microorgani…

Pathology

scientific study of disease

Etiology

Cause or origin of a disease