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Study sets matching "term:epidemiology = the study of prevalence, incidence and etiology of a disease within the total population (rather than an individual patient)."

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Study sets matching "term:epidemiology = the study of prevalence, incidence and etiology of a disease within the total population (rather than an individual patient)."

5 terms
Dental Hygiene Perio etiology Q not finished
Etiology
epidemiology
prevalence
incidence
all the factors involved in the development of a disease
study of the prevalence incidence and etiology of a disease w…
number of cases of a disease identified within a specific pop…
number of new disease cases that occur in a given interval of…
Etiology
all the factors involved in the development of a disease
epidemiology
study of the prevalence incidence and etiology of a disease w…
11 terms
EPIDEMIOLOGY
Epidemiology
disease in a measured quantitatively
-host factors... -biological causes... -phys…
etiology
is a multi-factorial study of health and disease in populations
Epidemiology examines?
Types of considerations
the cause
Epidemiology
is a multi-factorial study of health and disease in populations
disease in a measured quantitatively
Epidemiology examines?
13 terms
Epidemiology
Epidemiologist
Etiology
Incidence
Prevalance
the study of disease
cause of the disease
number of new cases appering over a given time
total number of old and new cases existing at a given time
Epidemiologist
the study of disease
Etiology
cause of the disease
13 terms
Epidemiology
Epidemiology
Etiology
Incidence
Prevalence
Study of factors and mechanisms involved in frequency n sprea…
Study of cause of disease
New cases
Total of number cases
Epidemiology
Study of factors and mechanisms involved in frequency n sprea…
Etiology
Study of cause of disease
118 terms
IRAT/GRAT Epidemiology
usual or normal frequency of an advers…
unusual or increased frequency of an a…
worldwide epidemic
morbidity
endemic
epidemic
pandemic
refers to illness... measurement of disease frequency in a speci…
usual or normal frequency of an advers…
endemic
unusual or increased frequency of an a…
epidemic
15 terms
Gordis Chapter 3: The Occurrence of Disease: I. Disease Surveillance and Measuring Morbidity
epidemiologic surveillance
passive surveillance
common problem with passive surveillance
active surveillance
ongoing systematic collection, analysis, and interpretation o…
surveillance in which available data on reportable diseases a…
lack of completeness and therefore lower numbers of incidence…
surveillance in which project staff are recruited to carry ou…
epidemiologic surveillance
ongoing systematic collection, analysis, and interpretation o…
passive surveillance
surveillance in which available data on reportable diseases a…
18 terms
Etiology of Periodontal Disease
etiology
epidemiology
incidence
prevalence
the study of all factors that me be involved in the developme…
the study of prevalence, incidence and etiology of a disease…
number of new disease cases of a disease that occur in a give…
number of cases of a disease that can be identified within a…
etiology
the study of all factors that me be involved in the developme…
epidemiology
the study of prevalence, incidence and etiology of a disease…
12 terms
Chapter 2: Environmental Epidemiology
Epidemiology
Environmental Epidemiology
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs)
Contributions of Epidemiology to Envir…
Concerned with the study of the distribution and determinants…
The study of diseases and health conditions (occurring in the…
Halogenated compound. Classified as dioxin-like chemicals, th…
Concern with populations, use of observational data, methodol…
Epidemiology
Concerned with the study of the distribution and determinants…
Environmental Epidemiology
The study of diseases and health conditions (occurring in the…
15 terms
Epidemiology & infectious disease management
Epidemiology
Father of Epidemiology
Etiology
Incidence
The study of disease transmission
Jon Snow
Cause of the disease
number of new cases appearing over a given time
Epidemiology
The study of disease transmission
Father of Epidemiology
Jon Snow
55 terms
Microbiology Exam 4: Disease Prevention and Epidemiology
Adaptive Immunity
Antibody Titer
Biological Warfare
Biological Weapon
slow response to primary infection; third line of defense; sp…
Is the amount of Ab in serum... Increase in antibody titer indi…
the use of biological agents to kill a military or civilian p…
Organisms or toxins that are:... Easy to produce and deliver... Sa…
Adaptive Immunity
slow response to primary infection; third line of defense; sp…
Antibody Titer
Is the amount of Ab in serum... Increase in antibody titer indi…
16 terms
Measures of disease frequency, rates, and age adjustment
Epidemiology
Incidence rate
What happens when the population at ri…
Cumulative incidence (risk)
Study of distribution and determinants of health and disease…
New cases/person time... -prime interest when studying etiology…
Denominator is usually taken to be the population at risk at…
New/population at risk
Epidemiology
Study of distribution and determinants of health and disease…
Incidence rate
New cases/person time... -prime interest when studying etiology…
25 terms
Epidemiology
First Epidemiological study
Snow and the Thames River incident
Epidemiology goals
John Snow
1853/1854
cholera lead to epidemiologic surveillance leading to notifia…
is to prevent disease before people began dying
founding father of modern epidemiology.
First Epidemiological study
1853/1854
Snow and the Thames River incident
cholera lead to epidemiologic surveillance leading to notifia…
15 terms
Epidemiology: The Study of Disease in Populations
epidemiology
public health principles
tracking disease
prevalence
studying diseases in populations
are epidemiology principles
surveillance of diseases, many are reportable by law
total cases/total populations
epidemiology
studying diseases in populations
public health principles
are epidemiology principles
19 terms
Epidemiology
epidemiology
etiology
epidemic
endemic
the study of the distribution and measures of frequency of di…
cause
unexpectedly large number of cases of an illness, specific he…
disease that occurs regularly in a population as a matter of…
epidemiology
the study of the distribution and measures of frequency of di…
etiology
cause
9 terms
Pathophysiology Exam 1
pathology
general pathology
systemic pathology
pathophysiology
the study of disease
fundamental cellular change in response to pathogenic stimuli
specific responses of organ systems to pathogenic stimuli
study of physiology in the disease state
pathology
the study of disease
general pathology
fundamental cellular change in response to pathogenic stimuli
15 terms
Epidemiology of perio disease
an event or characteristic associated…
the study of health and disease in the…
is the proportion or number if individ…
the rate of new cases occurring within…
risk factor
Epidemiology
Prevalence
Incidence
an event or characteristic associated…
risk factor
the study of health and disease in the…
Epidemiology
60 terms
Micro Chapter 14: Principles of Disease and Epidemiology
Pathology
Etiology
Pathogenesis
Infection
The study of disease
The study of the cause of a disease
The development of disease
Colonization of the body by pathogens
Pathology
The study of disease
Etiology
The study of the cause of a disease
11 terms
Epidemiology
Analytic
Descriptive
Incidence
Prevalence
Layers to numbers (familial, economic, physical, emotional)…
Data collected without speaking to people ... Person... Place... Time…
Number of new cases in population at risk during specified ti…
Proportion of population that has a certain disease at one po…
Analytic
Layers to numbers (familial, economic, physical, emotional)…
Descriptive
Data collected without speaking to people ... Person... Place... Time…
10 terms
Section 4 MCB 231 Lab
Disease
Epidemiology
Pathology
etiology
a change from normal physiological function
the study of the spread of disease
the study of disease
the cause of disease
Disease
a change from normal physiological function
Epidemiology
the study of the spread of disease
69 terms
1. Measures of Disease
The value obtained by dividing one qua…
Proportions and percentages are also _…
What 3 things do Ratios contain?
The number of existing cases of a dise…
Ratio
Ratios
Disease Frequency... Unit population size... Time period during whi…
Prevalence
The value obtained by dividing one qua…
Ratio
Proportions and percentages are also _…
Ratios
84 terms
Micro
epidemiology
etiology
epidemiology
incidence
study of factors and mechanisms involved in the frequency and…
study of the cause of the disease
concerned with method of transmission and etiology
the number of new cases contracted in a specific time in a gi…
epidemiology
study of factors and mechanisms involved in the frequency and…
etiology
study of the cause of the disease
148 terms
Epidemiology
Epidemiology
Epidemiology
Epidemiology
Epidemiology
The study of disease in populations
The study of patterns, causes and control of disease in popul…
The branch of medicine that deals with the study of the cause…
The study of the spread of diseases within and between popula…
Epidemiology
The study of disease in populations
Epidemiology
The study of patterns, causes and control of disease in popul…
12 terms
Medical Dietetics Teminology
Pathophysiology
disease
epidemiology
morbidity
Study of the changes or loss of function of organ or organ sy…
process that disrupts normal physiological function
study of the cause, pattern, or occurrence of diseases
disease occurence
Pathophysiology
Study of the changes or loss of function of organ or organ sy…
disease
process that disrupts normal physiological function
20 terms
Epidemiology
Prevalence
Incidence
Mortality rate
Proportionate mortality
proportion of population that has the disease (new and old ca…
frequency with which disease develops; helpful for studying e…
rate at which individuals in a population die during a specif…
percent of deaths due to a specific cause of death
Prevalence
proportion of population that has the disease (new and old ca…
Incidence
frequency with which disease develops; helpful for studying e…
11 terms
BOARDS- MICROBIOLOGY (Epidemiology definitions)
Study of disease and distribution
Frequency of new cases appearing over…
Measure of total number of cases exist…
Disease that persists in a geographic…
Epidemiology
Incidence
Prevalence
Endemic
Study of disease and distribution
Epidemiology
Frequency of new cases appearing over…
Incidence
15 terms
Epidemiology
epidemiology
epidemic
incidence
prevalence
study of patterns, causes and effects of health and disease c…
when new cases of a certain disease in a given population exc…
number of new disease cases appearing in a particular populat…
overall frequency of a disease in a population
epidemiology
study of patterns, causes and effects of health and disease c…
epidemic
when new cases of a certain disease in a given population exc…
17 terms
Gordis Chapter 3: The Occurrence of Disease:
epidemiologic surveillance
passive surveillance
common problem with passive surveillance
active surveillance
ongoing systematic collection, analysis, and interpretation o…
surveillance in which available data on reportable diseases a…
lack of completeness and therefore lower numbers of incidence…
surveillance in which project staff are recruited to carry ou…
epidemiologic surveillance
ongoing systematic collection, analysis, and interpretation o…
passive surveillance
surveillance in which available data on reportable diseases a…
21 terms
epidemiology
Epidemiology
Counts
Proportions
Rates
Concerned with:... groups of people... disease etiology (causes) ... d…
simplest is number of people in group studied with disease or…
count divided by total number in group... Relative frequency
involve or imply a time relationship... Two most common:... Preval…
Epidemiology
Concerned with:... groups of people... disease etiology (causes) ... d…
Counts
simplest is number of people in group studied with disease or…
8 terms
Epidemiology
Epidemiology
health outcome
Prevalent cases
incident cases
the study of the natural history of disease within population…
condition, disease, death, event or a change in health status…
all individuals in a population living with the outcome of in…
new cases that happen within a specified time period
Epidemiology
the study of the natural history of disease within population…
health outcome
condition, disease, death, event or a change in health status…
10 terms
Study of causes of disease
Cause of a disease
Risk factor
Associations
What needs to be measured to describe…
environmental or individual characteristic which affects the…
A variable whose presence or absence influences the incidence…
to see whether a variable is a risk factor for a disease
Population at risk, prevalence, incidence rate/risk
Cause of a disease
environmental or individual characteristic which affects the…
Risk factor
A variable whose presence or absence influences the incidence…
13 terms
Epidemiology
Incidence rates
Morbidity rates
Mortality rates
Risk
The occurrence of new cases of disease or condition in a comm…
Rates of illness
Birth and death rates
Probability of an adverse event
Incidence rates
The occurrence of new cases of disease or condition in a comm…
Morbidity rates
Rates of illness
51 terms
Epidemiology
Concerned with the distribution and de…
Focus is on the occurrence of health a…
Based on naturally occurring situation…
Study of the amount and distribution o…
Epidemiology
Epidemiology
Observational Sceince
Descriptive Epidemiology... - Focuses on the amount and distribu…
Concerned with the distribution and de…
Epidemiology
Focus is on the occurrence of health a…
Epidemiology
24 terms
Week 3: Measures of Disease Frequency
two types of disease frequency
incidence
prevalence
incidence measures
incidence... prevalence
measures of new cases of disease that develop over a period o…
measures of existing cases of disease at a particular point i…
-estimated from clinical trials and cohort studies... -useful fo…
two types of disease frequency
incidence... prevalence
incidence
measures of new cases of disease that develop over a period o…
39 terms
epidemiology
observational science
descriptive epidemiology
analytic epidemiology
hippocrates
based on naturally occuring situations in order to study the…
study the amount and distribution of disease, used by public…
relationships among the determinants of disease. investigatio…
suggested that environmental factors such as water and air qu…
observational science
based on naturally occuring situations in order to study the…
descriptive epidemiology
study the amount and distribution of disease, used by public…
19 terms
Epi 5
Epidemiology
Non random distribution
Modifiable
Non- Modifiable
The study of the distribution and determinants of health and…
Disease develops in some persons and not... others (individual d…
allow change and prevention: obesity... (inactivity), cancer (sm…
allow identification of high risk... groups for early interventi…
Epidemiology
The study of the distribution and determinants of health and…
Non random distribution
Disease develops in some persons and not... others (individual d…
51 terms
Epidemiology
Concerned with the distribution and de…
Focus is on the occurrence of health a…
Based on naturally occurring situation…
Study of the amount and distribution o…
Epidemiology
Epidemiology
Observational Sceince
Descriptive Epidemiology... - Focuses on the amount and distribu…
Concerned with the distribution and de…
Epidemiology
Focus is on the occurrence of health a…
Epidemiology
12 terms
Chapter 19 Epidemiology Terms
Etiology
Attack Rate
Incidence
Prevalence
studies the cause of disease
out of the number of exposed people, how many come down with…
number of new cases contracted within a population during a s…
total number of people infected within the population at any…
Etiology
studies the cause of disease
Attack Rate
out of the number of exposed people, how many come down with…
epidemiology/infectious disease management
epidemiology
etiology
incidence
prevalence
study of disease
cause of disease
number of cases appearing over a given time
total number of cases (old and new) existing at a given time
epidemiology
study of disease
etiology
cause of disease
59 terms
EAYH Ch. 2 Environmental Epidemiology
major environmental epi study designs:…
____: whether research findings repres…
_____: concerned with the study of the…
epidemiological studies are applied to…
observational
causality
epidemiology
populations
major environmental epi study designs:…
observational
____: whether research findings repres…
causality
8 terms
search for the cause of perio disease
epidemiology
disease prevalence
incidence
community and periodontal index of tre…
the study of health and disease within the total population…
the number of all cases of disease (both old and new) that ar…
the number of new disease cases in a population that occur ov…
most significant in epidemiological research (developed by wh…
epidemiology
the study of health and disease within the total population…
disease prevalence
the number of all cases of disease (both old and new) that ar…
Cancer Bio exam 1, cancer epidemiology
what is epidemiology
what can epidemiology do
purpose of epidemiology
etiology
the study of the DISTRIBUTION and DETERMINANTS of health-rela…
1. determine the extent of disease in populations... 2. detect c…
to develop a foundation for health policy and applications of…
risk factors and causation of different disease
what is epidemiology
the study of the DISTRIBUTION and DETERMINANTS of health-rela…
what can epidemiology do
1. determine the extent of disease in populations... 2. detect c…
21 terms
Comm/Public Health Midterm
Epidemiology
Descriptive epidemiology
Analytic epidemiology
Risk
Study of the distribution and determinants of health and dise…
Form of epidemiology that describes disease according to pers…
Deals with etiology of disease and determinants of health
Probability of getting a disease within a specific time frame
Epidemiology
Study of the distribution and determinants of health and dise…
Descriptive epidemiology
Form of epidemiology that describes disease according to pers…
22 terms
Measures of Disease Frequency, Rates and Age-Adjustment
Epidemiology
Rate
Proportion
Incidence Rate
study of distribution and determinants of health and disease…
How fast is disease occurring? ... Events/population time
What proportion of population is affected?... # affected/total…
- rate at which individuals develop a disease in a population…
Epidemiology
study of distribution and determinants of health and disease…
Rate
How fast is disease occurring? ... Events/population time
12 terms
Epidemiology
etiology
incidence
prevalence
mortality rate
cause of a disease
rate of new infection; percent of pop. acquiring particular d…
rate of disease, percent of pop. that has a particular disease
percent of infected people who die of disease
etiology
cause of a disease
incidence
rate of new infection; percent of pop. acquiring particular d…
42 terms
Chapter 13: Epidemiology and Disease
Epidemiology
Epidemiologist
Etiology
Incidence rate
Study of the distribution and determinants of diseases or con…
A scientist trained to identify and prevent diseases in a giv…
The specific cause of disease in a given population
Total number of new cases seen within a calendar year
Epidemiology
Study of the distribution and determinants of diseases or con…
Epidemiologist
A scientist trained to identify and prevent diseases in a giv…
32 terms
Epidemiology
Epidemiology
etiology
attack rate
incidence
is the science that evaluates the occurrence, determinants, d…
studies the cause of disease
out of the number of exposed people, how many come down with…
number of new cases contracted within a population during a s…
Epidemiology
is the science that evaluates the occurrence, determinants, d…
etiology
studies the cause of disease
20 terms
Epidemiology and Infectious Disease Management
epidemiology
etiology
incidence
prevalence
study of disease
cause of disease
number of NEW cases appearing at a given time
total number of cases OLD & NEW existing at a given time
epidemiology
study of disease
etiology
cause of disease
9 terms
Principles of Oncology: Epidemiology
Epidemiology
Descriptive Epidemiology
Analytic Epidemiology
Triad of disease
study of the distribution and determinants of disease in a po…
examines patterns of disease occurrence in populations, distr…
explores etiologic relationships, investigating possible dete…
host, environment and agent - an intervention can be made at…
Epidemiology
study of the distribution and determinants of disease in a po…
Descriptive Epidemiology
examines patterns of disease occurrence in populations, distr…
29 terms
Measures of Disease - Dr. Bernsten
Prevalence
Incidence
Prevalence may _______ while incidence…
Measuring Incidence can help you to
existing cases of a disease at any one point in time
new cases of a disease or health outcome that develop during…
increase, decreasing
- identify risk factors... - asses disease etiology
Prevalence
existing cases of a disease at any one point in time
Incidence
new cases of a disease or health outcome that develop during…
18 terms
Community health chapter 7
Epidemic
Endemic
Pandemic
Outbreak
Clearly exceeds the normal or expected frequency Influenza A…
The normal or expected frequency of a disease within a commun…
Disease has worldwide distribution (the Black Death, AIDS)
Sudden start of something unwelcome
Epidemic
Clearly exceeds the normal or expected frequency Influenza A…
Endemic
The normal or expected frequency of a disease within a commun…
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