# Study sets matching "term:epidemiology = the study of prevalence, incidence and etiology of a disease within the total population (rather than an individual patient)."

Study sets

Diagrams

Classes

Users

Etiology

epidemiology

prevalence

incidence

all the factors involved in the development of a disease

study of the prevalence incidence and etiology of a disease wi…

number of cases of a disease identified within a specific popu…

number of new disease cases that occur in a given interval of…

Etiology

all the factors involved in the development of a disease

epidemiology

study of the prevalence incidence and etiology of a disease wi…

epidemiology

example uses of epidemiology

epidemiological method

incidence

the study of the distribution and determinants of disease in p…

aetiology and transmission of infectious diseases, aetiology o…

1. defining the disease... 2. counting the frequency of the disea…

the rate of new (or newly diagnosed) cases of the disease with…

epidemiology

the study of the distribution and determinants of disease in p…

example uses of epidemiology

aetiology and transmission of infectious diseases, aetiology o…

Epidemiology

disease in a measured quantitatively

-host factors... -biological causes... -physi…

etiology

is a multi-factorial study of health and disease in populations

Epidemiology examines?

Types of considerations

the cause

Epidemiology

is a multi-factorial study of health and disease in populations

disease in a measured quantitatively

Epidemiology examines?

Incidence rates

Morbidity rates

Mortality rates

Risk

The occurrence of new cases of disease or condition in a commu…

Rates of illness

Birth and death rates

Probability of an adverse event

Incidence rates

The occurrence of new cases of disease or condition in a commu…

Morbidity rates

Rates of illness

Overview of Epidemiologic Measures

______-Number of existing cases of a di…

__________ prevalence = At a given poin…

__________ prevalence = Within a period…

Prevalence

Point prevalence

Period prevalence (week, month, more)

Overview of Epidemiologic Measures

______-Number of existing cases of a di…

Prevalence

etiology

epidemiology

incidence

prevalence

the study of all factors that me be involved in the developmen…

the study of prevalence, incidence and etiology of a disease w…

number of new disease cases of a disease that occur in a given…

number of cases of a disease that can be identified within a s…

etiology

the study of all factors that me be involved in the developmen…

epidemiology

the study of prevalence, incidence and etiology of a disease w…

ecological study (Ex: comparing the per…

cross-sectional study (measures prevale…

cohort study (measures incidence)

case-control study

what type of (analytical) observational study is done when inf…

what type of (analytical) observational study mesures exposure…

what type of (analytical) observational study is done on a gro…

what type of (analytical) observational study is more efficien…

ecological study (Ex: comparing the per…

what type of (analytical) observational study is done when inf…

cross-sectional study (measures prevale…

what type of (analytical) observational study mesures exposure…

epidemiology

public health principles

tracking disease

prevalence

studying diseases in populations

are epidemiology principles

surveillance of diseases, many are reportable by law

total cases/total populations

epidemiology

studying diseases in populations

public health principles

are epidemiology principles

epidemiology

epidemiology

rates

health services

the study of the distribution and determinants of health and d…

what is the principal science of community health practice?

arithmetic expressions that help practitioners consider a coun…

how is epidemiology used to describe the distribution of disea…

epidemiology

the study of the distribution and determinants of health and d…

epidemiology

what is the principal science of community health practice?

epidemiologic surveillance

passive surveillance

common problem with passive surveillance

active surveillance

ongoing systematic collection, analysis, and interpretation of…

surveillance in which available data on reportable diseases ar…

lack of completeness and therefore lower numbers of incidence…

surveillance in which project staff are recruited to carry out…

epidemiologic surveillance

ongoing systematic collection, analysis, and interpretation of…

passive surveillance

surveillance in which available data on reportable diseases ar…

usual or normal frequency of an adverse…

unusual or increased frequency of an ad…

worldwide epidemic

morbidity

endemic

epidemic

pandemic

refers to illness... measurement of disease frequency in a specif…

usual or normal frequency of an adverse…

endemic

unusual or increased frequency of an ad…

epidemic

Epidemiology

Risk factors

prevalence

incidence

the study of health and disease within the total population an…

-Anything that increases host susceptibility to periodontal di…

number of individuals having disease

rate of new cases occurring

Epidemiology

the study of health and disease within the total population an…

Risk factors

-Anything that increases host susceptibility to periodontal di…

What is Epidemiology?

Prevention

Prevalence

Incidence

What is Epidemiology?... -Study of health and disease within the…

Prevention:... -Determine amount of disease & how it is distribut…

Prevalence:... -the number of ALL cases of a disease present in a…

Incidence:... -number of NEW cases in a population that occur at…

What is Epidemiology?

What is Epidemiology?... -Study of health and disease within the…

Prevention

Prevention:... -Determine amount of disease & how it is distribut…

Epidemic

Endemic

Pandemic

Measures of Frequency... Incidence vs prev…

the occurrence of disease clearly in excess of normal expectan…

habitually pressent in a community/geographic area/population…

worse - global ... large geographic areas... Disease that occurs ove…

Incidence =

**New cases**, increase short term acute disease... Pre…Epidemic

the occurrence of disease clearly in excess of normal expectan…

Endemic

habitually pressent in a community/geographic area/population…

epidemiology

prevalence

incidence

mortality

study of frequency and distribution of disease within a popula…

total number of cases with respect to entire population... total…

number of new cases in time period/total number of susceptible…

total number of deaths

epidemiology

study of frequency and distribution of disease within a popula…

prevalence

total number of cases with respect to entire population... total…

Epidemiology

Rate

Proportion

Incidence Rate

study of distribution and determinants of health and disease i…

How fast is disease occurring? ... Events/population time

What proportion of population is affected?... # affected/total p…

- rate at which individuals develop a disease in a population…

Epidemiology

study of distribution and determinants of health and disease i…

Rate

How fast is disease occurring? ... Events/population time

Incidence rates

Morbidity rates

Mortality rates

Risk

The occurrence of new cases of disease or condition in a commu…

Rates of illness

Birth and death rates

Probability of an adverse event

Incidence rates

The occurrence of new cases of disease or condition in a commu…

Morbidity rates

Rates of illness

Attachment loss is not steady, it is __…

Most of the time what happens with ging…

Define epidemiology

Purpose of epidemiologic studies

Episodic

It does not even progress into periodontitis

Health and disease within the total population... *also looks at…

1. Amount and distribution of disease... 2. Investigate cause... 3.…

Attachment loss is not steady, it is __…

Episodic

Most of the time what happens with ging…

It does not even progress into periodontitis

Adaptive Immunity

Antibody Titer

Biological Warfare

Biological Weapon

slow response to primary infection; third line of defense; spe…

Is the amount of Ab in serum... Increase in antibody titer indic…

the use of biological agents to kill a military or civilian po…

Organisms or toxins that are:... Easy to produce and deliver... Saf…

Adaptive Immunity

slow response to primary infection; third line of defense; spe…

Antibody Titer

Is the amount of Ab in serum... Increase in antibody titer indic…

epidemiology

etiology

epidemic

endemic

the study of the distribution and measures of frequency of dis…

cause

unexpectedly large number of cases of an illness, specific hea…

disease that occurs regularly in a population as a matter of c…

epidemiology

the study of the distribution and measures of frequency of dis…

etiology

cause

The value obtained by dividing one quan…

Proportions and percentages are also __…

What 3 things do Ratios contain?

The number of existing cases of a disea…

Ratio

Ratios

Disease Frequency... Unit population size... Time period during whic…

Prevalence

The value obtained by dividing one quan…

Ratio

Proportions and percentages are also __…

Ratios