# Study sets matching "term:epidemiology = the study of prevalence, incidence and etiology of a disease within the total population (rather than an individual patient)."

Study sets

Classes

Users

Etiology

epidemiology

prevalence

incidence

all the factors involved in the development of a disease

study of the prevalence incidence and etiology of a disease wi…

number of cases of a disease identified within a specific popu…

number of new disease cases that occur in a given interval of…

Etiology

all the factors involved in the development of a disease

epidemiology

study of the prevalence incidence and etiology of a disease wi…

epidemiologic surveillance

passive surveillance

common problem with passive surveillance

active surveillance

ongoing systematic collection, analysis, and interpretation of…

surveillance in which available data on reportable diseases ar…

lack of completeness and therefore lower numbers of incidence…

surveillance in which project staff are recruited to carry out…

epidemiologic surveillance

ongoing systematic collection, analysis, and interpretation of…

passive surveillance

surveillance in which available data on reportable diseases ar…

Incidence rates

Morbidity rates

Mortality rates

Risk

The occurrence of new cases of disease or condition in a commu…

Rates of illness

Birth and death rates

Probability of an adverse event

Incidence rates

The occurrence of new cases of disease or condition in a commu…

Morbidity rates

Rates of illness

epidemiology

epidemiology

rates

health services

the study of the distribution and determinants of health and d…

what is the principal science of community health practice?

arithmetic expressions that help practitioners consider a coun…

how is epidemiology used to describe the distribution of disea…

epidemiology

the study of the distribution and determinants of health and d…

epidemiology

what is the principal science of community health practice?

usual or normal frequency of an adverse…

unusual or increased frequency of an ad…

worldwide epidemic

morbidity

endemic

epidemic

pandemic

refers to illness... measurement of disease frequency in a specif…

usual or normal frequency of an adverse…

endemic

unusual or increased frequency of an ad…

epidemic

Overview of Epidemiologic Measures

______-Number of existing cases of a di…

__________ prevalence = At a given poin…

__________ prevalence = Within a period…

Prevalence

Point prevalence

Period prevalence (week, month, more)

Overview of Epidemiologic Measures

______-Number of existing cases of a di…

Prevalence

ecological study (Ex: comparing the per…

cross-sectional study (measures prevale…

cohort study (measures incidence)

case-control study

what type of (analytical) observational study is done when inf…

what type of (analytical) observational study mesures exposure…

what type of (analytical) observational study is done on a gro…

what type of (analytical) observational study is more efficien…

ecological study (Ex: comparing the per…

what type of (analytical) observational study is done when inf…

cross-sectional study (measures prevale…

what type of (analytical) observational study mesures exposure…

etiology

epidemiology

incidence

prevalence

the study of all factors that me be involved in the developmen…

the study of prevalence, incidence and etiology of a disease w…

number of new disease cases of a disease that occur in a given…

number of cases of a disease that can be identified within a s…

etiology

the study of all factors that me be involved in the developmen…

epidemiology

the study of prevalence, incidence and etiology of a disease w…

epidemiology

public health principles

tracking disease

prevalence

studying diseases in populations

are epidemiology principles

surveillance of diseases, many are reportable by law

total cases/total populations

epidemiology

studying diseases in populations

public health principles

are epidemiology principles

Epidemiology

Risk factors

prevalence

incidence

the study of health and disease within the total population an…

-Anything that increases host susceptibility to periodontal di…

number of individuals having disease

rate of new cases occurring

Epidemiology

the study of health and disease within the total population an…

Risk factors

-Anything that increases host susceptibility to periodontal di…

epidemiologic surveillance

passive surveillance

common problem with passive surveillance

active surveillance

ongoing systematic collection, analysis, and interpretation of…

surveillance in which available data on reportable diseases ar…

lack of completeness and therefore lower numbers of incidence…

surveillance in which project staff are recruited to carry out…

epidemiologic surveillance

ongoing systematic collection, analysis, and interpretation of…

passive surveillance

surveillance in which available data on reportable diseases ar…

Epidemiology

Environmental Epidemiology

Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs)

Contributions of Epidemiology to Enviro…

Concerned with the study of the distribution and determinants…

The study of diseases and health conditions (occurring in the…

Halogenated compound. Classified as dioxin-like chemicals, the…

Concern with populations, use of observational data, methodolo…

Epidemiology

Concerned with the study of the distribution and determinants…

Environmental Epidemiology

The study of diseases and health conditions (occurring in the…

epidemiology

prevalence

incidence

mortality

study of frequency and distribution of disease within a popula…

total number of cases with respect to entire population... total…

number of new cases in time period/total number of susceptible…

total number of deaths

epidemiology

study of frequency and distribution of disease within a popula…

prevalence

total number of cases with respect to entire population... total…

Adaptive Immunity

Antibody Titer

Biological Warfare

Biological Weapon

slow response to primary infection; third line of defense; spe…

Is the amount of Ab in serum... Increase in antibody titer indic…

the use of biological agents to kill a military or civilian po…

Organisms or toxins that are:... Easy to produce and deliver... Saf…

Adaptive Immunity

slow response to primary infection; third line of defense; spe…

Antibody Titer

Is the amount of Ab in serum... Increase in antibody titer indic…

Epidemiology

Rate

Proportion

Incidence Rate

study of distribution and determinants of health and disease i…

How fast is disease occurring? ... Events/population time

What proportion of population is affected?... # affected/total p…

- rate at which individuals develop a disease in a population…

Epidemiology

study of distribution and determinants of health and disease i…

Rate

How fast is disease occurring? ... Events/population time

Incidence rates

Morbidity rates

Mortality rates

Risk

The occurrence of new cases of disease or condition in a commu…

Rates of illness

Birth and death rates

Probability of an adverse event

Incidence rates

The occurrence of new cases of disease or condition in a commu…

Morbidity rates

Rates of illness

Epidemiology

Incidence rate

What happens when the population at ris…

Cumulative incidence (risk)

Study of distribution and determinants of health and disease i…

New cases/person time... -prime interest when studying etiology…

Denominator is usually taken to be the population at risk at t…

New/population at risk

Epidemiology

Study of distribution and determinants of health and disease i…

Incidence rate

New cases/person time... -prime interest when studying etiology…

epidemiology

etiology

epidemic

endemic

the study of the distribution and measures of frequency of dis…

cause

unexpectedly large number of cases of an illness, specific hea…

disease that occurs regularly in a population as a matter of c…

epidemiology

the study of the distribution and measures of frequency of dis…

etiology

cause

Epidemiology

Etiology

Incidence

Prevalence

The study of factors and mechanisms involved in the frequency…

studying the cause of a disease

the number of new cases contracted within a set population dur…

total number of people infected

Epidemiology

The study of factors and mechanisms involved in the frequency…

Etiology

studying the cause of a disease

Epidemiology

Two factors epidemiology is concerned w…

Equation for incidence

The prevalence of a disease is _____ an…

is the study of the factors and mechanisms involved in the spr…

1. Cause or etiology 2. Transmission of infectious disease w/i…

Incidence= number of new cases within a defined time period/si…

is the... total number of people infected (old and new cases) at…

Epidemiology

is the study of the factors and mechanisms involved in the spr…

Two factors epidemiology is concerned w…

1. Cause or etiology 2. Transmission of infectious disease w/i…

The value obtained by dividing one quan…

Proportions and percentages are also __…

What 3 things do Ratios contain?

The number of existing cases of a disea…

Ratio

Ratios

Disease Frequency... Unit population size... Time period during whic…

Prevalence

The value obtained by dividing one quan…

Ratio

Proportions and percentages are also __…

Ratios