Study sets matching "term:epidemiology = the study of the frequency and distribution of disease"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "term:epidemiology = the study of the frequency and distribution of disease"

6 terms
Epidemiology frequency and distribution data
Incedence
Prevalence
Endimic
Sporadic
Number of new cases during a given period
Total number of cases, new and existing
Occurs continually
Few scattered cases
Incedence
Number of new cases during a given period
Prevalence
Total number of cases, new and existing
20 terms
Measuring the frequency and distribution of Disease
When do rankings mean nothing?
What is epidemiology?
What are the two assumptions that epid…
What are the three branches of epidemi…
Rankings mean nothing when there is a very small margin of di…
a basic science concerned with the frequency and distribution…
1. Disease does not occur randomly... 2. Human disease has caus…
• Descriptive Epidemiology: Analysis of general characteristi…
When do rankings mean nothing?
Rankings mean nothing when there is a very small margin of di…
What is epidemiology?
a basic science concerned with the frequency and distribution…
8 terms
Epidemiology-Measures of disease frequency
Counts
Fractions
Ratio
Proportion
number of individual animals which are infected, diseased or…
number of individual animals which are infected, diseased or…
the relative size of two quantities expressed by dividing one…
a ratio whose numerator is included in the denominator.... Used…
Counts
number of individual animals which are infected, diseased or…
Fractions
number of individual animals which are infected, diseased or…
16 terms
Epidemiology, disease frequency
Incidence
Cumulative incidence
Incidence density
Prevalence
# new cases within a time period in a population at risk
# new cases in a time period / # people at risk
# new cases in a time period / sum of # person-years at risk…
# existing cases within a time period in a population at risk
Incidence
# new cases within a time period in a population at risk
Cumulative incidence
# new cases in a time period / # people at risk
102 terms
Disease Frequencies and Measures in Epidemiology
Counts
Ratio
Proportion
Uses of proportions
refers to the number of cases of a disease or the health phen…
fraction, no specified relationship between numerator and den…
a measure that states a count relative to the size of the gro…
can demonstrate the magnitude of the problem, provides an ind…
Counts
refers to the number of cases of a disease or the health phen…
Ratio
fraction, no specified relationship between numerator and den…
44 terms
Epidemiology: Measures of Disease Frequency
What is Epidemiology?
What are the greek roots of the word E…
What are the roles of epidemiology in…
What are the three types of prevention?
the study of the distribution and determinants and/or health-…
epi = upon... demos = the people... ology = to study ... epidemiology…
*Monitor health of population... *Respond to emerging public hea…
Primary Prevention (ebola)... Secondary Prevention (high cholest…
What is Epidemiology?
the study of the distribution and determinants and/or health-…
What are the greek roots of the word E…
epi = upon... demos = the people... ology = to study ... epidemiology…
Epidemiology- Measures of Disease Frequency I
Ratio
Proportion
Rate.
Population at Risk
A fraction in which the numerator is not part of the denomina…
A fraction in which the numerator is part of the denominator
Denominator involves a measure of time.
Includes only those individuals present at the beginning of t…
Ratio
A fraction in which the numerator is not part of the denomina…
Proportion
A fraction in which the numerator is part of the denominator
19 terms
EIC 3-1: Principles of Epidemiology: Distribution of Disease
epidemiology
Why do we care about it? What is it us…
Patient FAQs
Objectives of epidemiology (5 of them)
study of patterns in distribution of disease and in the deter…
Population health: ... Use to identify major causes of morbidity…
Why did I get this disease?... How common is this problem?... Wha…
Identify causes of disease: Understand etiology of diseases…
epidemiology
study of patterns in distribution of disease and in the deter…
Why do we care about it? What is it us…
Population health: ... Use to identify major causes of morbidity…
8 terms
PPHC #8: Frequency + Distribution of Disease
What are the two assumptions of epidem…
What are the three branches of epidemo…
What is INCIDENCE?
What is POINT PREVALENCE?
1) Disease does NOT occur randomly ... 2) Human disease has "cas…
1) Descriptive... 2) Analytical... -Analyze causes, risks, determin…
(# of NEW cases) / [(# of people in population)*(t)]
(# of NEW or OLD cases) / (# of people in population) ... At tim…
What are the two assumptions of epidem…
1) Disease does NOT occur randomly ... 2) Human disease has "cas…
What are the three branches of epidemo…
1) Descriptive... 2) Analytical... -Analyze causes, risks, determin…
Epidemiology: Measure of Disease Frequency and Association
Relative risk
What does relative risk show?
Attributable death rate (ADR)
What does ADR show?
Comparing the risk of one group (Herd A) to the risk of anoth…
The incidence of death/disease as a result of a given factor…
Death rate for heavy smokers - death rate for non-smokers
ADR of a risk factor is a measure of the amount that the deat…
Relative risk
Comparing the risk of one group (Herd A) to the risk of anoth…
What does relative risk show?
The incidence of death/disease as a result of a given factor…
11 terms
epidemiology: study of disease
Botulism
cholera
coccidioidomycosis
conjunctivitis
ingestion of contaminated foods
ingestion of contaminated water, feces, vomitus, etc.
inhalation of spores
contact with discharge from infected area or from respirations
Botulism
ingestion of contaminated foods
cholera
ingestion of contaminated water, feces, vomitus, etc.
15 terms
Epidemiology: The Study of Disease in Populations
epidemiology
public health principles
tracking disease
prevalence
studying diseases in populations
are epidemiology principles
surveillance of diseases, many are reportable by law
total cases/total populations
epidemiology
studying diseases in populations
public health principles
are epidemiology principles
40 terms
Veterinary Epidemiology- Disease Frequency and Association 1
Define Epidemiology
Objectives of Epidemiology
Types of Prevention
Components of Disease outbreaks
The study of how disease is distributed in populations and fa…
-Determine burden of disease in population... -ID etiology/cause…
Primary-preventing initail development of disease (vaccines,…
Determinants of disease outbreaks, Herd Immunity, Incubation…
Define Epidemiology
The study of how disease is distributed in populations and fa…
Objectives of Epidemiology
-Determine burden of disease in population... -ID etiology/cause…
21 terms
Epidemiology Lecture 2: Measure of Disease Frequency
What is a ratio?
What is a risk ratio?
What is a rate ratio?
What is an odds ratio?
-Both numerator and denominator refer to the frequency of som…
-aka relative risk... -Compares the risk of a health event (dise…
Compares incidence rates, person-time rates, or mortality rat…
quantifies the relationship between an exposure with two cate…
What is a ratio?
-Both numerator and denominator refer to the frequency of som…
What is a risk ratio?
-aka relative risk... -Compares the risk of a health event (dise…
36 terms
Disease Frequency and Study Designs
Type of incidence for an Open Cohort
Type of incidence for a Closed Cohort
Which disease frequency is found in a…
Measure of Association for a Case-Cont…
Incidence Rate
Cumulative Incidence
Prevalence
Odds Ratio
Type of incidence for an Open Cohort
Incidence Rate
Type of incidence for a Closed Cohort
Cumulative Incidence
11 terms
Disease Detectives- Epidemiology study designs
Basic Studies designs
Ecological
Cross Sectional
Case-Control
These are the most commonly used
Comparisons of Geographical locations
A survey, questionnaire, "snapshot in time"
Compare people with and without disease to find common exposu…
Basic Studies designs
These are the most commonly used
Ecological
Comparisons of Geographical locations
Study Guide 15: Disease and Epidemiology
what is a pathogen?
what is normal microbiota?
how many bacterial cells are in/on you…
what are the major body sites/regions…
a disease-causing organism
microorganisms that colonize a host without causing a disease
10
skin, eyes, nose and throat, mouth, large intestine, urinary…
what is a pathogen?
a disease-causing organism
what is normal microbiota?
microorganisms that colonize a host without causing a disease
Disease Detectives:Epidemiological Study Designs
ecological
cross sectional
case-control
cohort
comparisons of geographical locations
survey, health questionnaire; "snapshot in time"
compare people w/ and w/out disease to find common exposures
compare people w/ and w/out exposures to see what happens to…
ecological
comparisons of geographical locations
cross sectional
survey, health questionnaire; "snapshot in time"
6 terms
Epidemiology I MEASURES OF DISEASE FREQUENCY, RATES AND AGE-ADJUSTMENT
Incidence
Incidence Rate
Person Time
Cumulative Incidence
# of new diseases
(#new cases/#of person years at risk of developing)*1000... Use…
PT=#of subjects * yrs of follow up
Proportion... #new cases/#of persons at risk for disease
Incidence
# of new diseases
Incidence Rate
(#new cases/#of person years at risk of developing)*1000... Use…
38 terms
chapter 14 Principles of Disease and Epidemiology study guide
what are the 4 types of immunity ?
Immunity
Innate immunity
Adaptive immunity:
-Naturally acquired active immunity... Resulting from infection…
ability to ward off disease
immediate non-specific defenses against any pathogen
slower-acting, specific immunity or resistance to a specific…
what are the 4 types of immunity ?
-Naturally acquired active immunity... Resulting from infection…
Immunity
ability to ward off disease
130 terms
Epidemiology/Infectious Diseases Study Set
Epidemiology
Etiology
attack rate
incidence
the science that evaluates the occurrence, determinants, dist…
studies the cause of disease
out of the # of exposed people, how many come down with the d…
# of new cases contracted within a population during a specif…
Epidemiology
the science that evaluates the occurrence, determinants, dist…
Etiology
studies the cause of disease
55 terms
Exam 1- Lecture 1-7 Epidemiology: Descriptive Epidemiology & Measures of Disease Frequency
Define and describe the discipline of…
Summary of epidemiology
Objectives and activities in epidemiol…
Epidemiology assumptions
Epidemiology is...... A public health-discipline basic science w…
Epidemiology is the study (scientific, systematic, data drive…
Identify patterns/trends in disease occurrence in... various gro…
Disease occurrence is not random... Systematic investigation of…
Define and describe the discipline of…
Epidemiology is...... A public health-discipline basic science w…
Summary of epidemiology
Epidemiology is the study (scientific, systematic, data drive…
Epidemiology: The Study of Disease, Injury, and Death in the Community
An epidemiologist is to a __________ a…
Epidemiology
Epidemiology has been called ________…
Epidemiology
population, patient
Study outbreaks of disease, injury, & death in the human popu…
"population medicine"
"the study of the distribution and determinants of health-rel…
An epidemiologist is to a __________ a…
population, patient
Epidemiology
Study outbreaks of disease, injury, & death in the human popu…
63 terms
Epidemiology: The Study of Disease, Injury, and Death in the Community
An epidemiologist is to a __________ a…
Epidemiology
Epidemiology has been called ________…
Epidemiology
population, patient
Study outbreaks of disease, injury, & death in the human popu…
"population medicine"
"the study of the distribution and determinants of health-rel…
An epidemiologist is to a __________ a…
population, patient
Epidemiology
Study outbreaks of disease, injury, & death in the human popu…
105 terms
ch 14 principles of disease and epidemiology study guide
Pathogen
Pathology
Etiology
Epidemiology
disease causing organism
study of disease
cause of the disease
where, when & how transmitted
Pathogen
disease causing organism
Pathology
study of disease
43 terms
Epidemiology: The Study of Disease, Injury, and Death in the Community (3)
what do epidemiologists do?
what are subgroups?
what is epidemiology?
what is an endemic?
study outbreaks of disease, injury, and death in human popula…
we can direct prevention efforts to populations most likely t…
study of distribution of health related events in specific po…
disease, illness that occurs regularly
what do epidemiologists do?
study outbreaks of disease, injury, and death in human popula…
what are subgroups?
we can direct prevention efforts to populations most likely t…
Epidemiology: The Study of Disease, Injury, and Death in the Community (3)
what do epidemiologists do?
what are subgroups?
what is epidemiology?
what is an endemic?
study outbreaks of disease, injury, and death in human popula…
we can direct prevention efforts to populations most likely t…
study of distribution of health related events in specific po…
disease, illness that occurs regularly
what do epidemiologists do?
study outbreaks of disease, injury, and death in human popula…
what are subgroups?
we can direct prevention efforts to populations most likely t…
11.3 Epidemiology: The Study of Disease in Populations
Epidemiology
early epidemiologists
prevalence
incidence
studying diseases in populations
john snow... florence nightingale
total cases/total population... can be a particular group
new cases/total susceptible people ... change with time/season
Epidemiology
studying diseases in populations
early epidemiologists
john snow... florence nightingale
26 terms
Epidemiology B2 L2 - Measures of Disease Frequency - Association and Risk Estimates
Ratio (R) Equation
Rate (r)* Equation
Proportion (p)
Ratio Definition
R = X/Y
r = X/(delta)t
P = A/(A+B)
Both numerator and denominator refer to the frequency of some…
Ratio (R) Equation
R = X/Y
Rate (r)* Equation
r = X/(delta)t
Disease Detectives: Basic Epidemiological Study Designs
Ecological
Cross Sectional
Case-Control
Cohort
comparisons of geographical locations
a survey,health questionnaire, "snapshot in time"
compare people with and without disease to find common exposu…
compare people with and without exposures to see what happens…
Ecological
comparisons of geographical locations
Cross Sectional
a survey,health questionnaire, "snapshot in time"
Behavioral Science - Epidemiology/Biostatistics 3 (Statistical and Nonnormal distributions, statistical hypotheses, outcomes, statistical tests, Disease Prevention)
Measure of Central Tendency ... (Statisti…
Measures of Dispersion... (Statistical Di…
Normal Distribution... (Statistical Distr…
Bimodal... (Nonnormal Distribution)
Mean = (sum of values / total number of values)... Most affected…
Standard Deviation = how much variability exists from the mea…
Gaussian, also called bell-shaped... Mean = Median = ode... 68%, 95…
Suggests two different populations... i.e. metabolic polymorphi…
Measure of Central Tendency ... (Statisti…
Mean = (sum of values / total number of values)... Most affected…
Measures of Dispersion... (Statistical Di…
Standard Deviation = how much variability exists from the mea…
22 terms
Ch 3: epidemiology: the study of disease, injury, and death in the community B366
Epidemiology
epidemic
endemic disease
pandemic
the study of the distribution and determinants of health-rela…
an unexpectedly large number of cases of an illness, specific…
a disease that occurs regularly in a population as a matter o…
an outbreak of disease over a side geographical area such as…
Epidemiology
the study of the distribution and determinants of health-rela…
epidemic
an unexpectedly large number of cases of an illness, specific…
25 terms
Microbiology Chapter 14 Study Guide: Principles of Disease and Epidemiology
Infection
Etiology
Disease
Pathogenesis
Invasion or colonization of the body by potentially patho-... ge…
The cause of a disease.
a change from a state of health, in which the body is not... pro…
The manner in which a disease develops.
Infection
Invasion or colonization of the body by potentially patho-... ge…
Etiology
The cause of a disease.
68 terms
Chap 3 - Epidemiology: The Study of Disease, Injury, and Death in the Community
True or False: A primary care physicia…
What is the study of the distribution…
What is an epidemic?
What is a disease that that occurs reg…
True
Epidemiology is the study of the distribution and determinant…
An epidemic is an UNEXPECTEDLY large number of cases of an il…
An endemic disease occurs regularly in a population as a matt…
True or False: A primary care physicia…
True
What is the study of the distribution…
Epidemiology is the study of the distribution and determinant…
22 terms
Ch 3: epidemiology: the study of disease, injury, and death in the community B366
Epidemiology
epidemic
endemic disease
pandemic
the study of the distribution and determinants of health-rela…
an unexpectedly large number of cases of an illness, specific…
a disease that occurs regularly in a population as a matter o…
an outbreak of disease over a side geographical area such as…
Epidemiology
the study of the distribution and determinants of health-rela…
epidemic
an unexpectedly large number of cases of an illness, specific…
99 terms
Chapter 3: Epidemiology: The Study of Disease, Injury, and Death in the Community
Epidemiologists are interested in
Population medicine
epidemiology
epidemic
how many people are sick, who is sick, when the people became…
What epidemiology is also known as
the study of the distribution and determinants of health-rela…
an unexpectedly large number of cases of an illness, specific…
Epidemiologists are interested in
how many people are sick, who is sick, when the people became…
Population medicine
What epidemiology is also known as
57 terms
Chapter 3 - Epidemiology: The Study of Disease, Injury, and Death in the Community
What is epidemiology?
What is an epidemic?
What is a pandemic?
What is an endemic disease?
The study of health issues in a community. The study of the d…
An unexpectedly large number of cases of an illness, specific…
An outbreak of disease over a wide geographical area such as…
A disease that occurs regularly in a population as a matter o…
What is epidemiology?
The study of health issues in a community. The study of the d…
What is an epidemic?
An unexpectedly large number of cases of an illness, specific…
54 terms
Chapter 3 Epidemiology: the study of disease, injury, and death in the community
Epidemiology
Epidemic
Endemic disease
Epidemiologist
---the study of the distribution and determinants of health-r…
--- an unexpectedly large number of cases of an illness, spec…
--- a disease that occurs regularly in a population as a matt…
--- is an investigator who studies the occurrence of disease…
Epidemiology
---the study of the distribution and determinants of health-r…
Epidemic
--- an unexpectedly large number of cases of an illness, spec…
5 terms
Lecture 3 -Epidemiology (John Snow & Lyme Disease Study)
Basic background
data sources
types of studies
issues of study design and analysis
epi
rates
?
2*2 tables
Basic background
epi
data sources
rates
79 terms
Microbiology Chapter 14 - Principles of Disease and Epidemiology Study Guide
What is pathology?
What is etiology?
What is pathogenesis?
What is infection?
The study of disease
The study of the cause of a disease
The development of disease
Colonization of the body by pathogens and causes a change in…
What is pathology?
The study of disease
What is etiology?
The study of the cause of a disease
63 terms
Chapter 13 Microbe-Human Interactions Infection, Disease, and Epidemiology-study questions
1. Infection occurs when
2. All infectious diseases
3. Which is not terminology used for r…
5. The human body typically begins to…
pathogens enter and multiply in body tissues
are caused by microorganisms or their products
pathogenic flora
during, and immediately after birth
1. Infection occurs when
pathogens enter and multiply in body tissues
2. All infectious diseases
are caused by microorganisms or their products
BIOL 240 - Final Exam Study Guide - Epidemiology and Disease Transmission
What are the two types of outbreaks? B…
Sporadic disease
Endemic disease
Outbreak
1. Common Source - foodborne illness, Legionnaires' disease... 2…
disease that occurs occasionally at irregular intervals in a…
disease that occurs at steady low levels in a population; can…
a sudden occurrence of a disease either locally or in a limit…
What are the two types of outbreaks? B…
1. Common Source - foodborne illness, Legionnaires' disease... 2…
Sporadic disease
disease that occurs occasionally at irregular intervals in a…
110 terms
June 8th - Overview of Analytic Studies; Measures of Disease Frequency;
Study Design?: 24 dietary recall, phys…
Exposure?: 24 dietary recall, physicia…
Was it an adequate measure of exposure?
Assess reverse causality in this scena…
Study design: cross sectional study
24 hour dietary recall of apple consumption
No -- does not represent dietary patterns... Possible misclassif…
No reverse causality (effect before cause): "because I go to…
Study Design?: 24 dietary recall, phys…
Study design: cross sectional study
Exposure?: 24 dietary recall, physicia…
24 hour dietary recall of apple consumption
43 terms
Intro to Comm & PUBH Chapter 3 - Epidemiology: The Study of Disease, Injury, and Death in the Community
Epidemiology
Epidemiology is
Epidemic
Endemic
"Population medicine" ... Collect information about disease stat…
the study of distribution and determinants of health-related…
Unexpectedly large number of cases of an illness, specific he…
Disease that occurs regularly in a population as a matter of…
Epidemiology
"Population medicine" ... Collect information about disease stat…
Epidemiology is
the study of distribution and determinants of health-related…
Done Unit 1 Ch. 3 Epidemiology: The Study of Disease, Injury, and Death in the Community
Epidemiology
Epidemic
Endemic Disease
Epidemiologist
The study of the distribution and determinants of health-rela…
An unexpectedly large number of cases of an illness, specific…
A disease that occurs regularly in a population as a matter o…
One who practices epidemiology.
Epidemiology
The study of the distribution and determinants of health-rela…
Epidemic
An unexpectedly large number of cases of an illness, specific…
Key Area 3 - Immunology - The Transmission and Control of Infectious Diseases - Epidemiological Studies of Infectious Diseases
What do Epidemiologists study?
What characteristics do Epidemiologist…
How are the spread of infectious disea…
What is Sporadic?
The outbreak and pattern of infectious diseases to determine…
The location associated with its outbreak, its pattern and sp…
Sporadic, Endemic, Epidemic, Pandemic
Occasional occurrence
What do Epidemiologists study?
The outbreak and pattern of infectious diseases to determine…
What characteristics do Epidemiologist…
The location associated with its outbreak, its pattern and sp…
76 terms
Microbiology Study Guide Chapters 14 and 15 Infection and Disease Epidemiology Microbe-Human Interactions
Normal (resident) biota (flora):
Infection:
Infectious disease:
Endogenous infection:
Microorganisms that colonize a host without causing disease
Pathogenic microorganisms penetrate the host defenses, enter…
A disease in which pathogens invade a susceptible host and ca…
Infection caused by an opportunity pathogen from an individua…
Normal (resident) biota (flora):
Microorganisms that colonize a host without causing disease
Infection:
Pathogenic microorganisms penetrate the host defenses, enter…
20 terms
Microbiology ch13: Microbe-Human Interactions Infection, Disease, and Epidemiology-study questions
1. Infection occurs when ... A. contamina…
2. All infectious diseases ... A. are con…
3. Which is not terminology used for r…
5. The human body typically begins to…
pathogens enter and multiply in body tissues
are caused by microorganisms or their products
pathogenic flora
during, and immediately after birth
1. Infection occurs when ... A. contamina…
pathogens enter and multiply in body tissues
2. All infectious diseases ... A. are con…
are caused by microorganisms or their products
20 terms
Microbiology ch13: Microbe-Human Interactions Infection, Disease, and Epidemiology-study questions
1. Infection occurs when ... A. contamina…
2. All infectious diseases ... A. are con…
3. Which is not terminology used for r…
5. The human body typically begins to…
pathogens enter and multiply in body tissues
are caused by microorganisms or their products
pathogenic flora
during, and immediately after birth
1. Infection occurs when ... A. contamina…
pathogens enter and multiply in body tissues
2. All infectious diseases ... A. are con…
are caused by microorganisms or their products
Microbiology ch13: Microbe-Human Interactions Infection, Disease, and Epidemiology-study questions
1. Infection occurs when ... A. contamina…
2. All infectious diseases ... A. are con…
3. Which is not terminology used for r…
5. The human body typically begins to…
pathogens enter and multiply in body tissues
are caused by microorganisms or their products
pathogenic flora
during, and immediately after birth
1. Infection occurs when ... A. contamina…
pathogens enter and multiply in body tissues
2. All infectious diseases ... A. are con…
are caused by microorganisms or their products
1 of 10