Study sets matching "term:epilepsy = sudden, transient disturbances of brain function cause seizures"

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Study sets matching "term:epilepsy = sudden, transient disturbances of brain function cause seizures"

80 terms
Brain Diseases: Seizures & Epilepsy
What type of disorder is epilepsy?
Epilepsy is characterized by:
Epilepsy is characterized by seizures
What is epilepsy?
Brain Disorder
seizures
• Loss of body control... • May cry out... • May fall unconscious... •…
• Uncontrollable firing of neurons... • Produce uncontrollable t…
What type of disorder is epilepsy?
Brain Disorder
Epilepsy is characterized by:
seizures
Seizures and Epilepsy
Stepwise approach to "lapse of conscio…
Postictal state
Epileptic seizure
Epilepsy
1) Decide if it's a medical emergency... 2) Has this ever happen…
confusion, disorientation or agitation
Discrete clinical event due to abnormal transient, hypersynch…
State of recurrent unprovoked seizures
Stepwise approach to "lapse of conscio…
1) Decide if it's a medical emergency... 2) Has this ever happen…
Postictal state
confusion, disorientation or agitation
20 terms
Epilepsy and Seizures
Chronic disorder characterized by recu…
Seizure or epilepsy is a finite event
Transient disturbance of cerebral func…
Reaction of brain to stress, sleep dep…
epilepsy
seizure
seizure
seizure
Chronic disorder characterized by recu…
epilepsy
Seizure or epilepsy is a finite event
seizure
62 terms
Seizures and Epilepsy
Seizures
Seizures result in
2 forms of seizure
Epilepsy
Brief, temporary disturbance in the electrical activity of th…
An altered state of consciousness, actions or movement
- Non-epileptic seizure... - Epileptic seizure
- A disorder characterized by recurring seizures (also known…
Seizures
Brief, temporary disturbance in the electrical activity of th…
Seizures result in
An altered state of consciousness, actions or movement
233 terms
Epilepsy
Epidemiology
Seizure
Does having a seizure mean that you ha…
Epilepsy
2.9 million adults and children in US... ~ 8% will experience a…
Transient disturbance of electrical activity in the brain... Ma…
No
Defined by the occurrence of ≥ 2 unprovoked seizures separate…
Epidemiology
2.9 million adults and children in US... ~ 8% will experience a…
Seizure
Transient disturbance of electrical activity in the brain... Ma…
Seizures
Definition
Epilepsy definition
Focal Seizures
Focal
Transient disturbance of cerebral function.... Caused by abnorma…
Disorder of brain function that takes for in recurring seizur…
Abnormal neuronal activity originates/limited to one hemisphe…
Seizure activity that does not impair awareness of responsive…
Definition
Transient disturbance of cerebral function.... Caused by abnorma…
Epilepsy definition
Disorder of brain function that takes for in recurring seizur…
64 terms
Seizures and Epilepsy
convulsions
seizure
epilepsy
epileptic seizures
brief paroxysmal, stereotyped motor behaviors
disturbance of central nervous system associated with excessi…
syndromes associated with repeated seizures
primary disorder of recurrent seizures without a reversible m…
convulsions
brief paroxysmal, stereotyped motor behaviors
seizure
disturbance of central nervous system associated with excessi…
23 terms
Seizures & epilepsy
Definition of Epilepsy
definition of seizure
Jacksonian march
Todd's paresis
o ≥1 seizure AND enduring alteration in brain that ↑'s likeli…
Transient disturbance of cerebral fcn caused by an abnormal n…
o Seizure activity marked by focal motor sz with unilateral c…
transient hemiplegia/monoplegia after seizure
Definition of Epilepsy
o ≥1 seizure AND enduring alteration in brain that ↑'s likeli…
definition of seizure
Transient disturbance of cerebral fcn caused by an abnormal n…
Seizures and Epilepsy
Seizures
Seizures result in
2 forms of seizure
Epilepsy
Brief, temporary disturbance in the electrical activity of th…
An altered state of consciousness, actions or movement
- Non-epileptic seizure... - Epileptic seizure
- A disorder characterized by recurring seizures (also known…
Seizures
Brief, temporary disturbance in the electrical activity of th…
Seizures result in
An altered state of consciousness, actions or movement
Seizures and Epilepsy
Definition of Epilepsy
what is the most common site of a seiz…
what dictates the symptoms and clinica…
frontal lobe seizure
chronic condition that is diagnosed after someone has two unp…
the temporal lobe
that regions of the brain that are affected by the abnormal e…
loss of consciousness
Definition of Epilepsy
chronic condition that is diagnosed after someone has two unp…
what is the most common site of a seiz…
the temporal lobe
233 terms
Epilepsy
Epidemiology
Seizure
Does having a seizure mean that you ha…
Epilepsy
2.9 million adults and children in US... ~ 8% will experience a…
Transient disturbance of electrical activity in the brain... Ma…
No
Defined by the occurrence of ≥ 2 unprovoked seizures separate…
Epidemiology
2.9 million adults and children in US... ~ 8% will experience a…
Seizure
Transient disturbance of electrical activity in the brain... Ma…
patho final: seizures & epilepsy
what is happening with a seizure
frontal lobe function
parietal lobe function
temporal lobe function
abnormal electrical activity in the brain causing a sudden un…
planning and control of movements
deal with sensation
important for learning, memory, and emotions
what is happening with a seizure
abnormal electrical activity in the brain causing a sudden un…
frontal lobe function
planning and control of movements
32 terms
Epilepsy
Epilepsy definition
Secondary epilepsy
Idiopathic epilepsy
Seizures
Group of disorders characterized by recurrent unprovoked seiz…
- If seizure is attributable to prior neurologic insult is de…
Without a probable predisposing factor, the seizure disorder…
Seizure is a transient disturbance of cerebral function cause…
Epilepsy definition
Group of disorders characterized by recurrent unprovoked seiz…
Secondary epilepsy
- If seizure is attributable to prior neurologic insult is de…
5 terms
pharm final
epilepsy
seizure
epileptic seizure
non epileptic seizure
produce brief disturbances in normal electrical activity in b…
sudden alteration of behaviour caused by CNS dysfunction... sudd…
caused by primary CNS dysfunction... excess depolarization and h…
seizure like episode not result abnoraml electrical acitivity…
epilepsy
produce brief disturbances in normal electrical activity in b…
seizure
sudden alteration of behaviour caused by CNS dysfunction... sudd…
Seizures
Neuro Diagnostic studies
Seizure Epidemiology
Seizure
Focal seizure
Electroencephalography (EEG)... Nerve Conduction Study (NCS) w o…
10% may experience a seizure in lifetime... Most are provoked an…
transient disturbance of cerebral function caused by abnormal…
Limited to one cerebral hemisphere, producing signs and sxs a…
Neuro Diagnostic studies
Electroencephalography (EEG)... Nerve Conduction Study (NCS) w o…
Seizure Epidemiology
10% may experience a seizure in lifetime... Most are provoked an…
118 terms
20- Epilepsy
define seizure
define Status epilepticus
describe the etiology of a seizure
look at some of the Potential Causes f…
Transient disturbance of electrical activity in the brain... (D…
Recurrent seizures without an intervening period of conscious…
Abnormal firing of neurons... Stability of neuron is disrupted…
define seizure
Transient disturbance of electrical activity in the brain... (D…
define Status epilepticus
Recurrent seizures without an intervening period of conscious…
47 terms
seizures and epilepsy
resting membrane potential
goal of antiepileptic drugs
what depolarizes cell?
types of chemical transmissions
~70mV
raise seizure threshold by stabilizing membranes/preventing f…
chemical transmision
excitatory and inhibitory
resting membrane potential
~70mV
goal of antiepileptic drugs
raise seizure threshold by stabilizing membranes/preventing f…
Seizures and Spinal Cord Injury
paroxysmal, uncontrolled electrical di…
Seizure possible etiology related to m…
Seizure possible etiology related to e…
Condition in which a person has sponta…
Seizure
• Acidosis... • Electrolyte imbalances (hyponatremia)... • Hypoglyc…
• Heart... • Hypertension... • Lung (expansion of lungs, oxygenatio…
Epilepsy
paroxysmal, uncontrolled electrical di…
Seizure
Seizure possible etiology related to m…
• Acidosis... • Electrolyte imbalances (hyponatremia)... • Hypoglyc…
35 terms
Seizures
Seizure
Epilepsy
Cause of most newly diagnosed cases of…
Most common cause of seizures in child…
a paroxysmal change in behavior associated with abnormal elec…
two or more unprovoked seizures
- Idiopathic/ cryptogenic
- Febrile... - Congenital... - Metabolic
Seizure
a paroxysmal change in behavior associated with abnormal elec…
Epilepsy
two or more unprovoked seizures
104 terms
epilepsy
parts of the neurologic exam
motor function grading scale
grading for level of consciousness usi…
reflex grading scale: 0
Mental status (orientation to person, place and time)... Motor f…
0- no movement... 1-twitch... 2-movement but NOT against gravity... 3-…
no response, absent reflex
parts of the neurologic exam
Mental status (orientation to person, place and time)... Motor f…
motor function grading scale
0- no movement... 1-twitch... 2-movement but NOT against gravity... 3-…
60 terms
Seizures and Epilepsy
Give the 3 defining characteristics of…
Are seizures genetic?
Give several general risk-factors for…
What causes people to have seizures? (…
○Spontaneous... ○Recurring... ○Caused by underlying condition
No, but they do cluster in families (genetic tendency); no at…
○Older adults... ○African Americans... ○Males... ○Stroke, Alzheimer's…
○Systemic or metabolic disturbance; ↓glucose, fever, *drugs/m…
Give the 3 defining characteristics of…
○Spontaneous... ○Recurring... ○Caused by underlying condition
Are seizures genetic?
No, but they do cluster in families (genetic tendency); no at…
Diseases of the Nervous System
Seizure
Types of seizures
Grand Mal
Symptoms of Grand Mal Seizures
Convulsions; a transient disturbance of the brain function th…
Grand Mal, Petit Mal, focal, Tonic-Clonic, Cluster Seizures,…
Violent, generalized seizure
No localizing signs however; loses consciousness, generalized…
Seizure
Convulsions; a transient disturbance of the brain function th…
Types of seizures
Grand Mal, Petit Mal, focal, Tonic-Clonic, Cluster Seizures,…
epilepsy and seizures
def of epilepsy
def of seizures
causes of epilepsy and seizures?
what % of population has epilepsy? Is…
chronic neurological disorder characterized by recurrent seiz…
episodes of sudden, transient disturbances in cerebral excita…
unknown, congenital, birth trauma, anoxia, genetic, infection…
3% of U.S. ... meds work for 50% to eliminate... 25% controls ... othe…
def of epilepsy
chronic neurological disorder characterized by recurrent seiz…
def of seizures
episodes of sudden, transient disturbances in cerebral excita…
Ramos Epilepsy/Seizures
Probably best to read his glance over…
Epilepsy syndromes =
Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy =
Lennox-Gastaut syndrome =
These quizlets aren't all-encompassing of the "yellow" material
Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy... Lennox-Gastaut syndrome... Mesial te…
myoclonic jerks of arms/shoulders
impaired cognitive function and poor prognosis 2ndary to unde…
Probably best to read his glance over…
These quizlets aren't all-encompassing of the "yellow" material
Epilepsy syndromes =
Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy... Lennox-Gastaut syndrome... Mesial te…
89 terms
Therapy- Epilepsy
____ is a symptom of disturbed electri…
____ is a period of altered sensation…
____ is decreased cortical activity fo…
____ is the period of time between sei…
Seizure
Aura
Post-ictal phase
Inter-ictal
____ is a symptom of disturbed electri…
Seizure
____ is a period of altered sensation…
Aura
17 terms
Epilepsy
seizure
epilepsy
cortical neurons
primary generalized seizures
"fits" or "convulsions" are transient disturbances of brain f…
neurologic condition in which a person experiences recurrent…
a seizure results from an excessive discharge of a large popu…
those without a clear focal cortical onset, account for more…
seizure
"fits" or "convulsions" are transient disturbances of brain f…
epilepsy
neurologic condition in which a person experiences recurrent…
Overview of Nervous System
paraplegia
seizure
syncope
tremor
paralysis of both legs and the lower part of the body
a severe involuntary contraction of muscles
fainting
shaking; rhythmic muscular movement; involuntary, repetitive,…
paraplegia
paralysis of both legs and the lower part of the body
seizure
a severe involuntary contraction of muscles
43 terms
MED 1: Seizure
what is epilepsy
what is a seizure
Metabolic d/o causing Epilepsy
Epilepsy caused by Trauma-
disorder characterized by unprovoked repetitive seizures
transient disturbance in cerebral function due to impaired pa…
**alcohol withdrawal, uremia, hypoglycemia, hyperglycemia
post-traumatic epilepsy common in adolescents, tends to occur…
what is epilepsy
disorder characterized by unprovoked repetitive seizures
what is a seizure
transient disturbance in cerebral function due to impaired pa…
12 terms
Nervous System Terms_3
Seizure
Syncope
Tremor
Unconsciousness
Sudden attack or recurrence of a disease
loss of consciousness and postural tone.
Involuntary trembling of the body or limbs
State of lack of response to stimuli.
Seizure
Sudden attack or recurrence of a disease
Syncope
loss of consciousness and postural tone.
37 terms
Drug Chem- Anticonvulsant Drugs
How neurons become epileptic...
Intractable Epilepsy
Onset of Seizures
Causes of Seizures
1) Loss of normal inhibitory control mechanism... 2) Chemical s…
When you continue to have seizures despite the best treatment.
Abnormally rapid CNS (brain) neuronal activity
1) Opening of Na+ and Ca++ channels... 2) GABA levels drop or ar…
How neurons become epileptic...
1) Loss of normal inhibitory control mechanism... 2) Chemical s…
Intractable Epilepsy
When you continue to have seizures despite the best treatment.
Chronic Pediatric Seizures Farrell
Know all the things
Epilepsy
The cause of seizure in US children is…
Acute disturbances that cause seizure?
Disorder causing increased tendency for recurrent, unprovoked…
Less than 20%
Fever... Electrolyte imbalance... Drug tox or withdrawal... Trauma or…
Know all the things
Epilepsy
Disorder causing increased tendency for recurrent, unprovoked…
28 terms
epilepsy
focal seizure
motor cortex (focal)
limbic system (focal)
phases of a focal seizure
abnormal activity originates from a small group of neurons wi…
twitching / jerking finger or limbs
unusual behaviors; loss of consciousness
interictal period > synchronization of activity within seizur…
focal seizure
abnormal activity originates from a small group of neurons wi…
motor cortex (focal)
twitching / jerking finger or limbs
42 terms
Epilepsy
transient disturbance of cerebral func…
2 unprovoked seizures > 24 hrs apart,…
Risk factors for epilepsy
True or False: Seizures occur more com…
Seizure
epilepsy
Head trauma... stroke... Infxn... Toxic-metabolic d/o... Drug and alcohol…
True
transient disturbance of cerebral func…
Seizure
2 unprovoked seizures > 24 hrs apart,…
epilepsy
63 terms
Seizures and Epilepsy
Stepwise approach to lapse of consciou…
Pre-ictal aura
Epilepsy definition (new)
New definition of seizures
1) decide if situation is a medical emergency--> hypoglycemia…
-sense of fear... -olfactory/gustatory sensations... -involuntary j…
>/= 1 seizure AND enduring alteration in brain that increases…
-transient disturbance of cerebral function caused by abnorma…
Stepwise approach to lapse of consciou…
1) decide if situation is a medical emergency--> hypoglycemia…
Pre-ictal aura
-sense of fear... -olfactory/gustatory sensations... -involuntary j…
34 terms
NS 254 Final: Exam 1 Seizures and Epilepsy
Seizure
Epilepsy
Metabolic disturbances causing seizure…
Most common causes of seizure during f…
uncontrolled electrical firing of neurons in the brain that i…
Spontaneous recurring seizures caused by a chronic underlying…
acidosis,... electrolyte imbalances... hypoglycemia... hypoxia... alcohol…
Severe birth defects... infection... inborn errors of metabolism
Seizure
uncontrolled electrical firing of neurons in the brain that i…
Epilepsy
Spontaneous recurring seizures caused by a chronic underlying…
118 terms
Seizures--CM III, Exam 1
Disturbance of cerebral function due t…
Sudden and brief muscle contraction th…
Sudden stiffening/rigidity of muscles
Where does tonic most commonly occur?…
Seizure
Myoclonus
Tonic
-Back... -Arms... -Legs
Disturbance of cerebral function due t…
Seizure
Sudden and brief muscle contraction th…
Myoclonus
48 terms
EEG & Epilepsy
What is electroencephalography?
EEG is used to assess (4)?
Does EEG record action potentials?
Name the 4 main types of continuous rh…
a non-invasive technique for recording the electrical activit…
brain damage... epilepsy... brain death... sleep stages
NO!... EPSP and IPSP summation
alpha-activity... Beta-activity... Theta-activity... Delta-activity
What is electroencephalography?
a non-invasive technique for recording the electrical activit…
EEG is used to assess (4)?
brain damage... epilepsy... brain death... sleep stages
5 terms
Medical skills 50
Cerebrospinal fluid
Dementia
Epilepsy
Impulse
Fluid contained in the brains ventricles
Organic loss of intellectual function
Transient disturbances of brain function
Sudden pushing force; activity along nerve fibers
Cerebrospinal fluid
Fluid contained in the brains ventricles
Dementia
Organic loss of intellectual function
17 terms
Epilepsy
Seizure
Aura
Prodrome
ILAE Classification of Epileptic Seizu…
Abnormal excessive and synchronous electrical discharges of b…
Perceptual disturbance experienced... Perception of strange ligh…
Early symptom that might indicate start of a disease... Pre-ictal
Partial (focal) vs Generalized (both hemispheres)... Partial --…
Seizure
Abnormal excessive and synchronous electrical discharges of b…
Aura
Perceptual disturbance experienced... Perception of strange ligh…
27 terms
Nervous system
Ambul/o
Cephal/o
Contus/o
Encephal/o, Onarc/o
Walk
Head
Bruise
Brain
Ambul/o
Walk
Cephal/o
Head
Alteration in Brain Function
altered level of consciousness, change…
Decorticate (flexor) posturing
Decerebrate (extensor) posturing
poor prognosis
Most common sign of brain dysfunction is___________and_______…
flexion of arms, wrists, adduction of upper extremities, inte…
-rigid arms with palms turned away from the body, stiffly ext…
Both decerebrate posturing and decorticate posturing are asso…
altered level of consciousness, change…
Most common sign of brain dysfunction is___________and_______…
Decorticate (flexor) posturing
flexion of arms, wrists, adduction of upper extremities, inte…
90 terms
Seizures
Seizure
Distribution of first seizure occurence
Epilepsy
Partial (Focal) Seizures
disorder of disturbed electrical activity in the brain
Newborn infants and young children, Patients >65
Chronic disorder of recurrent, unprovoked seizures
Changes in motor function, sensory or somatosensory symptoms,…
Seizure
disorder of disturbed electrical activity in the brain
Distribution of first seizure occurence
Newborn infants and young children, Patients >65
36 terms
Seizures
Seizures
Epilepsy
Types
Phases
• An abnormal , electric discharge of cerebral neurons and ar…
• characterized by recurrent seizures that are not provoked b…
• Absence... • Partial: (Simple = no loss of time, Complex = los…
• Aura- nausea, dizziness, smell... • Ictus-seizure... • Post-ictal…
Seizures
• An abnormal , electric discharge of cerebral neurons and ar…
Epilepsy
• characterized by recurrent seizures that are not provoked b…
Nervous System Pathological Conditions
Alzheimer disease
Bell palsy
Cerebrovascular accident
Cerebral palsy
a form of dementia that eventually results in complete loss o…
facial paralysis resulting from injury to the 7th cranial dis…
a stroke, brain tissue damage resulting from a vascular distu…
Non-progressive motor dysfunction disease usually associated…
Alzheimer disease
a form of dementia that eventually results in complete loss o…
Bell palsy
facial paralysis resulting from injury to the 7th cranial dis…
11 terms
Epilepsy
Epilepsy
Seizure
Causes
Diagnosis
Group of disorders characterized by recurrent unprovoked seiz…
A transient disturbance of cerebral function caused by abnorm…
- Idiopathic ... - Febrile ... - Birth injury... - Metabolic... - Infecti…
- History ... - General physical examination... - Complete neurolog…
Epilepsy
Group of disorders characterized by recurrent unprovoked seiz…
Seizure
A transient disturbance of cerebral function caused by abnorm…
Chronic Disorders of Neurologic Function
Seizure Disorder
How do seizures manifest?
Epilepsy or seizure disorder refers to
Causes of seizures
Transient neurologic event of paroxysmal abnormal or excessiv…
By disturbances of skeletal motor function, sensation, autono…
recurrent seizures
Cerebral injury, lesions, metabolic/nutritional disorders, id…
Seizure Disorder
Transient neurologic event of paroxysmal abnormal or excessiv…
How do seizures manifest?
By disturbances of skeletal motor function, sensation, autono…
29 terms
Nervous system symptomatic terms
Aphasia
Dysphasia
Coma
Delirium
Inability to speak
Difficulty speaking
A deep sleep ; a general term referring to levels of decrease…
A stat of mental confusion caused by disturbance in cerebral…
Aphasia
Inability to speak
Dysphasia
Difficulty speaking
5 terms
Ch.18 #1-5
Cerebrospinal fluid
Dementia
Epilepsy
Impulse
Fluid contained in the brain's ventricles, intracranial space…
Organic loss of intellectual function
Transient disturbances of brain function
Sudden pushing force; activity along nerve fibers
Cerebrospinal fluid
Fluid contained in the brain's ventricles, intracranial space…
Dementia
Organic loss of intellectual function
12 terms
Nervous System Terms Set #3
Tonic-clonic seizure
Seizure
Migraine
Syncope
The body becomes entirely rigid and is followed by uncontroll…
A sudden attack of illness, especially a stroke or an epilept…
A recurrent throbbing headache that typically affects one sid…
Temporary loss of consciousness caused by a fall in blood pre…
Tonic-clonic seizure
The body becomes entirely rigid and is followed by uncontroll…
Seizure
A sudden attack of illness, especially a stroke or an epilept…
68 terms
#2 Epilepsy and Seizures
epilepsy def
seizures def
what is the cause of epilepsy and seiz…
cause of E&S for newborn/infancy?
chronic disorder characterized by recurrent seizures
transient disturbance of cerebral function due to abnormal ne…
primary CNS dysfunction
birth trauma
epilepsy def
chronic disorder characterized by recurrent seizures
seizures def
transient disturbance of cerebral function due to abnormal ne…
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