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Study sets matching "term:epilepsy = sudden, transient disturbances of brain function cause seizures"

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Study sets matching "term:epilepsy = sudden, transient disturbances of brain function cause seizures"

80 terms
Brain Diseases: Seizures & Epilepsy
What type of disorder is epilepsy?
Epilepsy is characterized by:
Epilepsy is characterized by seizures
What is epilepsy?
Brain Disorder
seizures
• Loss of body control... • May cry out... • May fall unconscious... •…
• Uncontrollable firing of neurons... • Produce uncontrollable t…
What type of disorder is epilepsy?
Brain Disorder
Epilepsy is characterized by:
seizures
18 terms
Seizures
Definition
Epilepsy definition
Focal Seizures
Focal
Transient disturbance of cerebral function.... Caused by abnorma…
Disorder of brain function that takes for in recurring seizur…
Abnormal neuronal activity originates/limited to one hemisphe…
Seizure activity that does not impair awareness of responsive…
Definition
Transient disturbance of cerebral function.... Caused by abnorma…
Epilepsy definition
Disorder of brain function that takes for in recurring seizur…
58 terms
Seizures and Epilepsy
Stepwise approach to "lapse of conscio…
Postictal state
Epileptic seizure
Epilepsy
1) Decide if it's a medical emergency... 2) Has this ever happen…
confusion, disorientation or agitation
Discrete clinical event due to abnormal transient, hypersynch…
State of recurrent unprovoked seizures
Stepwise approach to "lapse of conscio…
1) Decide if it's a medical emergency... 2) Has this ever happen…
Postictal state
confusion, disorientation or agitation
62 terms
Seizures and Epilepsy
Seizures
Seizures result in
2 forms of seizure
Epilepsy
Brief, temporary disturbance in the electrical activity of th…
An altered state of consciousness, actions or movement
- Non-epileptic seizure... - Epileptic seizure
- A disorder characterized by recurring seizures (also known…
Seizures
Brief, temporary disturbance in the electrical activity of th…
Seizures result in
An altered state of consciousness, actions or movement
32 terms
Epilepsy
Epilepsy definition
Secondary epilepsy
Idiopathic epilepsy
Seizures
Group of disorders characterized by recurrent unprovoked seiz…
- If seizure is attributable to prior neurologic insult is de…
Without a probable predisposing factor, the seizure disorder…
Seizure is a transient disturbance of cerebral function cause…
Epilepsy definition
Group of disorders characterized by recurrent unprovoked seiz…
Secondary epilepsy
- If seizure is attributable to prior neurologic insult is de…
233 terms
Epilepsy
Epidemiology
Seizure
Does having a seizure mean that you ha…
Epilepsy
2.9 million adults and children in US... ~ 8% will experience a…
Transient disturbance of electrical activity in the brain... Ma…
No
Defined by the occurrence of ≥ 2 unprovoked seizures separate…
Epidemiology
2.9 million adults and children in US... ~ 8% will experience a…
Seizure
Transient disturbance of electrical activity in the brain... Ma…
29 terms
patho final: seizures & epilepsy
what is happening with a seizure
frontal lobe function
parietal lobe function
temporal lobe function
abnormal electrical activity in the brain causing a sudden un…
planning and control of movements
deal with sensation
important for learning, memory, and emotions
what is happening with a seizure
abnormal electrical activity in the brain causing a sudden un…
frontal lobe function
planning and control of movements
118 terms
20- Epilepsy
define seizure
define Status epilepticus
describe the etiology of a seizure
look at some of the Potential Causes f…
Transient disturbance of electrical activity in the brain... (D…
Recurrent seizures without an intervening period of conscious…
Abnormal firing of neurons... Stability of neuron is disrupted…
define seizure
Transient disturbance of electrical activity in the brain... (D…
define Status epilepticus
Recurrent seizures without an intervening period of conscious…
50 terms
Diseases of the Nervous System
Seizure
Types of seizures
Grand Mal
Symptoms of Grand Mal Seizures
Convulsions; a transient disturbance of the brain function th…
Grand Mal, Petit Mal, focal, Tonic-Clonic, Cluster Seizures,…
Violent, generalized seizure
No localizing signs however; loses consciousness, generalized…
Seizure
Convulsions; a transient disturbance of the brain function th…
Types of seizures
Grand Mal, Petit Mal, focal, Tonic-Clonic, Cluster Seizures,…
233 terms
Epilepsy
Epidemiology
Seizure
Does having a seizure mean that you ha…
Epilepsy
2.9 million adults and children in US... ~ 8% will experience a…
Transient disturbance of electrical activity in the brain... Ma…
No
Defined by the occurrence of ≥ 2 unprovoked seizures separate…
Epidemiology
2.9 million adults and children in US... ~ 8% will experience a…
Seizure
Transient disturbance of electrical activity in the brain... Ma…
104 terms
epilepsy
parts of the neurologic exam
motor function grading scale
grading for level of consciousness usi…
reflex grading scale: 0
Mental status (orientation to person, place and time)... Motor f…
0- no movement... 1-twitch... 2-movement but NOT against gravity... 3-…
no response, absent reflex
parts of the neurologic exam
Mental status (orientation to person, place and time)... Motor f…
motor function grading scale
0- no movement... 1-twitch... 2-movement but NOT against gravity... 3-…
43 terms
MED 1: Seizure
what is epilepsy
what is a seizure
Metabolic d/o causing Epilepsy
Epilepsy caused by Trauma-
disorder characterized by unprovoked repetitive seizures
transient disturbance in cerebral function due to impaired pa…
**alcohol withdrawal, uremia, hypoglycemia, hyperglycemia
post-traumatic epilepsy common in adolescents, tends to occur…
what is epilepsy
disorder characterized by unprovoked repetitive seizures
what is a seizure
transient disturbance in cerebral function due to impaired pa…
42 terms
Epilepsy
transient disturbance of cerebral func…
2 unprovoked seizures > 24 hrs apart,…
Risk factors for epilepsy
True or False: Seizures occur more com…
Seizure
epilepsy
Head trauma... stroke... Infxn... Toxic-metabolic d/o... Drug and alcohol…
True
transient disturbance of cerebral func…
Seizure
2 unprovoked seizures > 24 hrs apart,…
epilepsy
51 terms
Seizures
Neuro Diagnostic studies
Seizure Epidemiology
Seizure
Focal seizure
Electroencephalography (EEG)... Nerve Conduction Study (NCS) w o…
10% may experience a seizure in lifetime... Most are provoked an…
transient disturbance of cerebral function caused by abnormal…
Limited to one cerebral hemisphere, producing signs and sxs a…
Neuro Diagnostic studies
Electroencephalography (EEG)... Nerve Conduction Study (NCS) w o…
Seizure Epidemiology
10% may experience a seizure in lifetime... Most are provoked an…
Seizures - Neuro 2
single event of paroxysmal, uncontroll…
a condition in which a person has spon…
generalized seizures
tonic clonic seizures (grand mal)
seizure
epilepsy
bilateral synchronous epileptic discharges in the brain from…
loss of consciousness and falling, body stiffens, subsequent…
single event of paroxysmal, uncontroll…
seizure
a condition in which a person has spon…
epilepsy
59 terms
Seizures and Epilepsy
Seizures
Seizures result in
2 forms of seizure
Epilepsy
Brief, temporary disturbance in the electrical activity of th…
An altered state of consciousness, actions or movement
- Non-epileptic seizure... - Epileptic seizure
- A disorder characterized by recurring seizures (also known…
Seizures
Brief, temporary disturbance in the electrical activity of th…
Seizures result in
An altered state of consciousness, actions or movement
69 terms
Chronic Disorders of Neurologic Function
Seizure Disorder
How do seizures manifest?
Epilepsy or seizure disorder refers to
Causes of seizures
Transient neurologic event of paroxysmal abnormal or excessiv…
By disturbances of skeletal motor function, sensation, autono…
recurrent seizures
Cerebral injury, lesions, metabolic/nutritional disorders, id…
Seizure Disorder
Transient neurologic event of paroxysmal abnormal or excessiv…
How do seizures manifest?
By disturbances of skeletal motor function, sensation, autono…
37 terms
Drug Chem- Anticonvulsant Drugs
How neurons become epileptic...
Intractable Epilepsy
Onset of Seizures
Causes of Seizures
1) Loss of normal inhibitory control mechanism... 2) Chemical s…
When you continue to have seizures despite the best treatment.
Abnormally rapid CNS (brain) neuronal activity
1) Opening of Na+ and Ca++ channels... 2) GABA levels drop or ar…
How neurons become epileptic...
1) Loss of normal inhibitory control mechanism... 2) Chemical s…
Intractable Epilepsy
When you continue to have seizures despite the best treatment.
23 terms
Seizures & epilepsy
Definition of Epilepsy
definition of seizure
Jacksonian march
Todd's paresis
o ≥1 seizure AND enduring alteration in brain that ↑'s likeli…
Transient disturbance of cerebral fcn caused by an abnormal n…
o Seizure activity marked by focal motor sz with unilateral c…
transient hemiplegia/monoplegia after seizure
Definition of Epilepsy
o ≥1 seizure AND enduring alteration in brain that ↑'s likeli…
definition of seizure
Transient disturbance of cerebral fcn caused by an abnormal n…
118 terms
Seizures--CM III, Exam 1
Disturbance of cerebral function due t…
Sudden and brief muscle contraction th…
Sudden stiffening/rigidity of muscles
Where does tonic most commonly occur?…
Seizure
Myoclonus
Tonic
-Back... -Arms... -Legs
Disturbance of cerebral function due t…
Seizure
Sudden and brief muscle contraction th…
Myoclonus
51 terms
Pathophysiology of seizures and epilepsy
Seizure
Manifestations of seizures (5)
Epilepsy
Epilepsy vs. Seizure (2)
an abnormal, excessive , disorderly discharge from neuronal a…
Manifestations: depend on the location of the seizure activit…
a condition in which a person has recurrent seizures due to a…
Not everything that looks like a seizure is a seizure and not…
Seizure
an abnormal, excessive , disorderly discharge from neuronal a…
Manifestations of seizures (5)
Manifestations: depend on the location of the seizure activit…
27 terms
Nervous system
Ambul/o
Cephal/o
Contus/o
Encephal/o, Onarc/o
Walk
Head
Bruise
Brain
Ambul/o
Walk
Cephal/o
Head
35 terms
Seizures
Seizure
Epilepsy
Cause of most newly diagnosed cases of…
Most common cause of seizures in child…
a paroxysmal change in behavior associated with abnormal elec…
two or more unprovoked seizures
- Idiopathic/ cryptogenic
- Febrile... - Congenital... - Metabolic
Seizure
a paroxysmal change in behavior associated with abnormal elec…
Epilepsy
two or more unprovoked seizures
10 terms
Symptoms
Alzheimner Disease
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
Bell Palsy
Epilepsy
Deterioration of mental capacity
Atrophy of muscles and paralysis
Unilateral Facial paralysis
Sudden, transient disturbances of brain functions cause seizu…
Alzheimner Disease
Deterioration of mental capacity
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
Atrophy of muscles and paralysis
29 terms
Nervous system symptomatic terms
Aphasia
Dysphasia
Coma
Delirium
Inability to speak
Difficulty speaking
A deep sleep ; a general term referring to levels of decrease…
A stat of mental confusion caused by disturbance in cerebral…
Aphasia
Inability to speak
Dysphasia
Difficulty speaking
13 terms
Nervous System Pathological Conditions
Alzheimer disease
Bell palsy
Cerebrovascular accident
Cerebral palsy
a form of dementia that eventually results in complete loss o…
facial paralysis resulting from injury to the 7th cranial dis…
a stroke, brain tissue damage resulting from a vascular distu…
Non-progressive motor dysfunction disease usually associated…
Alzheimer disease
a form of dementia that eventually results in complete loss o…
Bell palsy
facial paralysis resulting from injury to the 7th cranial dis…
89 terms
Therapy- Epilepsy
____ is a symptom of disturbed electri…
____ is a period of altered sensation…
____ is decreased cortical activity fo…
____ is the period of time between sei…
Seizure
Aura
Post-ictal phase
Inter-ictal
____ is a symptom of disturbed electri…
Seizure
____ is a period of altered sensation…
Aura
72 terms
Seizures, CNS Injury, and Tumors
Seizures
Seizure focus
Epilepsy
Seizure classifications
transient disturbances of cerebral function caused by abnorma…
site of brain where seizure originated
RECURRENT seizures... seizures often idiopathic... seizures can be…
-generalized = whole brain involved... -partial = only part of b…
Seizures
transient disturbances of cerebral function caused by abnorma…
Seizure focus
site of brain where seizure originated
45 terms
Week 6 patho 1
Seizures
Manifestations of seizures
Pathophysiology of seizures
Nursing seizure management
Transient neurological event of paroxysmal abnormal or excess…
Disturbances in motor function, autonomic visceral function,…
Alteraction in the membrane potential- makes some neurons abn…
Protect airway- administer oxygen... Protect pt from injury- saf…
Seizures
Transient neurological event of paroxysmal abnormal or excess…
Manifestations of seizures
Disturbances in motor function, autonomic visceral function,…
18 terms
Chronic Pediatric Seizures Farrell
Know all the things
Epilepsy
The cause of seizure in US children is…
Acute disturbances that cause seizure?
Disorder causing increased tendency for recurrent, unprovoked…
Less than 20%
Fever... Electrolyte imbalance... Drug tox or withdrawal... Trauma or…
Know all the things
Epilepsy
Disorder causing increased tendency for recurrent, unprovoked…
17 terms
Epilepsy
seizure
epilepsy
cortical neurons
primary generalized seizures
"fits" or "convulsions" are transient disturbances of brain f…
neurologic condition in which a person experiences recurrent…
a seizure results from an excessive discharge of a large popu…
those without a clear focal cortical onset, account for more…
seizure
"fits" or "convulsions" are transient disturbances of brain f…
epilepsy
neurologic condition in which a person experiences recurrent…
55 terms
GM Unit 5- Seizures
seizure
epilepsy
structural causes of seizures
metabolic causes of seizures
transient disturbance of cerebral function... - abnormal paroxys…
two or more unprovoked seizures in ones lifetime
trauma, tumor, vascular, infection, congenital, degenerative…
ETOH withdrawal, hypoglycemia, electrolyte abnormalities, hyp…
seizure
transient disturbance of cerebral function... - abnormal paroxys…
epilepsy
two or more unprovoked seizures in ones lifetime
46 terms
epilepsy and seizures
def of epilepsy
def of seizures
causes of epilepsy and seizures?
what % of population has epilepsy? Is…
chronic neurological disorder characterized by recurrent seiz…
episodes of sudden, transient disturbances in cerebral excita…
unknown, congenital, birth trauma, anoxia, genetic, infection…
3% of U.S. ... meds work for 50% to eliminate... 25% controls ... othe…
def of epilepsy
chronic neurological disorder characterized by recurrent seiz…
def of seizures
episodes of sudden, transient disturbances in cerebral excita…
71 terms
Epilepsy
Epilepsy
Epilepsy - Dx
Aura
"Provoked" Seizures
-MC of the chronic neurological disorders... -Not contagious and…
-Diagnosed with the occurrence of two or more seizures
-Sometimes people know when they are about to have a seizure…
-Metabolic disorders [Hypoglycemia; Electrolyte imbalance]... -W…
Epilepsy
-MC of the chronic neurological disorders... -Not contagious and…
Epilepsy - Dx
-Diagnosed with the occurrence of two or more seizures
48 terms
EEG & Epilepsy
What is electroencephalography?
EEG is used to assess (4)?
Does EEG record action potentials?
Name the 4 main types of continuous rh…
a non-invasive technique for recording the electrical activit…
brain damage... epilepsy... brain death... sleep stages
NO!... EPSP and IPSP summation
alpha-activity... Beta-activity... Theta-activity... Delta-activity
What is electroencephalography?
a non-invasive technique for recording the electrical activit…
EEG is used to assess (4)?
brain damage... epilepsy... brain death... sleep stages
212 terms
Pharmacology Module 14B
A neurological disorder that produces…
Characterized by sudden, brief seizure…
A sudden alteration of behaviour that…
A seizure that is caused by primary CN…
epilepsy
epilepsy
seizure
epileptic seizure
A neurological disorder that produces…
epilepsy
Characterized by sudden, brief seizure…
epilepsy
34 terms
NS 254 Final: Exam 1 Seizures and Epilepsy
Seizure
Epilepsy
Metabolic disturbances causing seizure…
Most common causes of seizure during f…
uncontrolled electrical firing of neurons in the brain that i…
Spontaneous recurring seizures caused by a chronic underlying…
acidosis,... electrolyte imbalances... hypoglycemia... hypoxia... alcohol…
Severe birth defects... infection... inborn errors of metabolism
Seizure
uncontrolled electrical firing of neurons in the brain that i…
Epilepsy
Spontaneous recurring seizures caused by a chronic underlying…
9 terms
Care and problems for cns and pns
explain 2 ways to care for the nervous…
define degenerative
symptoms of Parkinson's disease
symptoms of Alzheimer's disease
rest and exercise
deterioration of function
uncoordinated muscular movement
lose memory, speech, powers of judgement, body cordination
explain 2 ways to care for the nervous…
rest and exercise
define degenerative
deterioration of function
28 terms
epilepsy
focal seizure
motor cortex (focal)
limbic system (focal)
phases of a focal seizure
abnormal activity originates from a small group of neurons wi…
twitching / jerking finger or limbs
unusual behaviors; loss of consciousness
interictal period > synchronization of activity within seizur…
focal seizure
abnormal activity originates from a small group of neurons wi…
motor cortex (focal)
twitching / jerking finger or limbs
67 terms
Seizures - To be cont....
Disturbance of cerebral function due t…
Highest incidence of seizures occurs i…
A disorder characterized by *recurrent…
Seizures with intrinsic causes are ter…
Seizure
Childhood and late adulthood
Epilepsy
Primary
Disturbance of cerebral function due t…
Seizure
Highest incidence of seizures occurs i…
Childhood and late adulthood
17 terms
Disorders of Brain Function
stroke
ischemic stroke
transient ischemic attack
hemorrhagic stroke
focal neurological deficit resulting from a vascular induced…
most common type of stoke
stroke caused by a clot, blockage is transient, causes no per…
most frequently fatal type of stroke; spontaneous rupture of…
stroke
focal neurological deficit resulting from a vascular induced…
ischemic stroke
most common type of stoke
65 terms
Seizure
seizures
metabolic disturbances a/d with seizures
extracranial diseases a/d with seizures
extracranial disorders a/d with seizures
- Paroxysmal, uncontrolled electrical discharge of neurons in…
Acidosis... Electrolyte imbalances... Hypoglycemia... Hypoxemia... Alcoho…
heart, lung, liver, kidneys
HTN, SLE lupus, DM, and septicemia
seizures
- Paroxysmal, uncontrolled electrical discharge of neurons in…
metabolic disturbances a/d with seizures
Acidosis... Electrolyte imbalances... Hypoglycemia... Hypoxemia... Alcoho…
29 terms
Epilepsy
Seizure
Seizure Features
Epilepsy
Epilepsy Syndrome
- series of hypersynchronous neuronal discharges which cause…
1) Stereotyped events... 2) Disturbance in consciousness/amnesia…
- recurrent unprovoked seizures
- constellation of seizure type, EEG pattern, and patient des…
Seizure
- series of hypersynchronous neuronal discharges which cause…
Seizure Features
1) Stereotyped events... 2) Disturbance in consciousness/amnesia…
48 terms
Med terms nervous system
coma
delirium
dementia
motor deficit
levels of decreased consciousness with varying responsiveness
state of mental confusion due to disturbances in cerebral fun…
impairment of intellectual function characterized by memory l…
loss or impairment of muscle function
coma
levels of decreased consciousness with varying responsiveness
delirium
state of mental confusion due to disturbances in cerebral fun…
47 terms
seizures and epilepsy
resting membrane potential
goal of antiepileptic drugs
what depolarizes cell?
types of chemical transmissions
~70mV
raise seizure threshold by stabilizing membranes/preventing f…
chemical transmision
excitatory and inhibitory
resting membrane potential
~70mV
goal of antiepileptic drugs
raise seizure threshold by stabilizing membranes/preventing f…
17 terms
Epilepsy
Seizure
Aura
Prodrome
ILAE Classification of Epileptic Seizu…
Abnormal excessive and synchronous electrical discharges of b…
Perceptual disturbance experienced... Perception of strange ligh…
Early symptom that might indicate start of a disease... Pre-ictal
Partial (focal) vs Generalized (both hemispheres)... Partial --…
Seizure
Abnormal excessive and synchronous electrical discharges of b…
Aura
Perceptual disturbance experienced... Perception of strange ligh…
79 terms
Seizures and Epilepsy
Transient changes in neurological func…
Seizures are considered a disorder in…
In seizure propagation, _____________…
Seizures are divided into 2 major cate…
seizures
cortex
glutamate
focal seizures... generalized seizures
Transient changes in neurological func…
seizures
Seizures are considered a disorder in…
cortex
46 terms
Seizures
What is a seizure
Metabolic disturbances associated with…
Extracranial disorders associated with…
Epilepsy
Paroxysmal, uncontrolled electrical discharge of neurons, int…
Acidosis... Electrolyte imbalances... Hypoglycemia... Hypoxemia... Al…
HTN... Systemic lupus... DM... Septicemia
spontaneously recurring seizures caused by underlying chronic…
What is a seizure
Paroxysmal, uncontrolled electrical discharge of neurons, int…
Metabolic disturbances associated with…
Acidosis... Electrolyte imbalances... Hypoglycemia... Hypoxemia... Al…
37 terms
Seizure
seizure
Epilepsy
Three subcategories of epilepsy
Idiopathic epilepsy
transient, involuntary change in behavior due to abnormal, ex…
recurrent seizures of any type with non-progressive intracran…
Idiopathic... symptomatic... Reactive
primary... recurrent seizures in which there is no identifiable…
seizure
transient, involuntary change in behavior due to abnormal, ex…
Epilepsy
recurrent seizures of any type with non-progressive intracran…
69 terms
NSG312 - Seizure Disorders / Epilepsy
Triggering Factors for Seizure
Generalized seizure
Tonic seizure
Clonic seizure
- Med non-adherence... - Sleep deprivation... - Stress... - Accident /…
Affects both hemispheres of the brain at once
Muscles initially stiffen and pt loses consciousness (Conscio…
Only clonic phase is experienced, lasting several minutes.
Triggering Factors for Seizure
- Med non-adherence... - Sleep deprivation... - Stress... - Accident /…
Generalized seizure
Affects both hemispheres of the brain at once
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