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Study sets matching "term:external validity = the extent to which the results can be generalized to other populations and settings"

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Study sets matching "term:external validity = the extent to which the results can be generalized to other populations and settings"

Validity
Face validity
Criterion validity
Construct Validity
Internal validity
extent to which a measure appears on the surface to measure w…
comparing the results with another measure
Extent to which a test captures a theoretical constuct
If the IV really affects the DV or if it was caused by some o…
Face validity
extent to which a measure appears on the surface to measure w…
Criterion validity
comparing the results with another measure
15 terms
OCR AS Psych Reliability and Validity Concepts H167
Internal reliability
External reliability
Inter-rater reliability
Test-retest reliability
measure of the extent of which something is consistent within…
extent to which a measure varies from one use to another
extent of agreement between two or more scorers/ judges for a…
extent to which the same results are achieved again when test…
Internal reliability
measure of the extent of which something is consistent within…
External reliability
extent to which a measure varies from one use to another
13 terms
Threats to External Validity
Population Validity
Sampling methods and participant chara…
Ecological Validity
Research settings are a threat to what…
the extent to which results observed in a study will generali…
population validity
the extent to which results observed in a study will generali…
Ecological Validity
Population Validity
the extent to which results observed in a study will generali…
Sampling methods and participant chara…
population validity
10 terms
test
face validity
convergent validity
predictive validity
discriminant validity
It looks as if it measures what it is supposed to measure.
Scores on the measure are related to other measures of the sa…
The success with which a test predicts the behavior it is des…
The construct validity of a measure is assessed by examining…
face validity
It looks as if it measures what it is supposed to measure.
convergent validity
Scores on the measure are related to other measures of the sa…
8 terms
Reliability and Validity - Research Methods
The degree to which something measures…
Concerns whether the results are due t…
Refers to the extent to which the resu…
Refers to whether the experimental res…
Validity
Internal Validity
External Validity
Population Validity
The degree to which something measures…
Validity
Concerns whether the results are due t…
Internal Validity
Validity
Concurrent validity
Criterion validity
Content validity
Construct validity
Extent to which procedure correlates with the present behavio…
Extent to which scores from a procedure correlate with an obs…
Extent to which a measurement reflects the variable or behavi…
Extent to which a measurement reflects the hypothetical const…
Concurrent validity
Extent to which procedure correlates with the present behavio…
Criterion validity
Extent to which scores from a procedure correlate with an obs…
13 terms
Reliability and Validity
Internal reliability
External reliability
Inter-rater reliability
Test-retest reliability
measure of the extent of which something is consistent within…
extent to which a measure varies from one use to another
extent of agreement between two or more scorers/ judges for a…
extent to which the same results are achieved again when test…
Internal reliability
measure of the extent of which something is consistent within…
External reliability
extent to which a measure varies from one use to another
10 terms
Validity
Validity
Internal Validity
External Validity
Population Validity
The extent to which we have measured what we actually set out…
The extent to which we can be sure that the IV has affected t…
The extent to which we can generalise beyond the study, e.g p…
The extent to which we can generalise from the sample to othe…
Validity
The extent to which we have measured what we actually set out…
Internal Validity
The extent to which we can be sure that the IV has affected t…
8 terms
Forms of validity
Validity
Convergent validity
Criterion validity
External validity
Does your test measure what its supposed to?
Measurement related to other variables
Prediction if the test relates to future behavior
Extent to which results can be generalized to other populatio…
Validity
Does your test measure what its supposed to?
Convergent validity
Measurement related to other variables
13 terms
Flavours of Reliability and Validity
Internal reliability
External reliability
Inter-rater reliability
Test-retest reliability
measure of the extent of which something is consistent within…
extent to which a measure varies from one use to another
extent of agreement between two or more scorers/ judges for a…
extent to which the same results are achieved again when test…
Internal reliability
measure of the extent of which something is consistent within…
External reliability
extent to which a measure varies from one use to another
9 terms
Types of Validity
Validity
Internal (Experimental) Validity
Ways of ensuring Internal (Experimenta…
Population Valditiy
Refers to whether method of measurement measures what it's su…
The extent to which we can be sure research findings are due…
All variables have to be operationalised carefully, and as ma…
Type of external validity that looks at the extent that resul…
Validity
Refers to whether method of measurement measures what it's su…
Internal (Experimental) Validity
The extent to which we can be sure research findings are due…
8 terms
Validity
Validity
Internal validity
Face validity
Construct validity
The extent to which a test measures what it is suppposed to m…
Occurs when a researcher controls all extraneous variables an…
The degree to which a procedure appears effective in terms of…
Does the study properly measure what it's supposed to measure?
Validity
The extent to which a test measures what it is suppposed to m…
Internal validity
Occurs when a researcher controls all extraneous variables an…
11 terms
Research 470 Test 2- Chapter 8
Systemic Procedures
Steps in Experimental Research
Internal Validity
External Validity
More than any other type of research. experimental research s…
State the research problem, determine the methods to apply, s…
validity of findings with the research study: particularly co…
degree to which the findings can be inferred to the populatio…
Systemic Procedures
More than any other type of research. experimental research s…
Steps in Experimental Research
State the research problem, determine the methods to apply, s…
13 terms
Flavours of Reliability and Validity
Internal reliability
External reliability
Inter-rater reliability
Test-retest reliability
measure of the extent of which something is consistent within…
extent to which a measure varies from one use to another
extent of agreement between two or more scorers/ judges for a…
extent to which the same results are achieved again when test…
Internal reliability
measure of the extent of which something is consistent within…
External reliability
extent to which a measure varies from one use to another
Reliability and Validity
3
Test retest reliability
Split half reliability
Observer reliability/Inter-rater relia…
How many types of reliability are there?
Same test is taken but on two different occasions.
Test is split into two and results will be compared.
Same person being observed by different observers, then they…
3
How many types of reliability are there?
Test retest reliability
Same test is taken but on two different occasions.
12 terms
Validity
Confounding variable
Demand characteristics
Ecological validity
Investigator effects
A variable in an experiment that varies systematically with t…
Cues that inadvertently communicate the aims of the study to…
Whether it is appropriate to generalize the findings to other…
Anything an investigator does that has an effect on a perform…
Confounding variable
A variable in an experiment that varies systematically with t…
Demand characteristics
Cues that inadvertently communicate the aims of the study to…
16 terms
Research Methods: Validity
Construct Validity
Internal Validity
external validity
face validity
Are we measuring what we believe we are measuring? ... Degree…
Ability to draw conclusions about causal relationships from o…
extent to which the results can be generalized to other popul…
The content of the measure appears to reflect the construct b…
Construct Validity
Are we measuring what we believe we are measuring? ... Degree…
Internal Validity
Ability to draw conclusions about causal relationships from o…
8 terms
Validity, Reliability, Objectivity
what is External Validity
Construct Validity
Population Validity
Objectivity
Extent to which the results of the study can be applied to ot…
Extent to which the test measures what it claims to of measured
Extent to which the results can be applied to other people
The need to be impartial and judgemental free
what is External Validity
Extent to which the results of the study can be applied to ot…
Construct Validity
Extent to which the test measures what it claims to of measured
15 terms
Validity and Reliability
Validity
Internal Validity
External Validity
Ecological Validity
Refers to the accuracy of a test/method. The findings are acc…
The extent to which the test or method measures what it inten…
Extent to which the results can be generalized beyond the res…
Extent to which the test reflects real life. Findings can be…
Validity
Refers to the accuracy of a test/method. The findings are acc…
Internal Validity
The extent to which the test or method measures what it inten…
9 terms
Validity
Internal validity
Internal: Face validity
Internal: Content validity
Internal: Concurrent validity
The extent of which the DV is a result of the IV rather than…
Whether the test appears to be doing what it should be doing
The extent of which the IV and DV are actually being measured
Collecting 2 sets of the same data from different areas and g…
Internal validity
The extent of which the DV is a result of the IV rather than…
Internal: Face validity
Whether the test appears to be doing what it should be doing
9 terms
Validity
Internal
External
Face
Construct
Within the test itself, does everything appear to measure wha…
Outside the test, are the results truthful? Can the results b…
On the surface, does the test measure what it intends to meas…
The extent to which the test measures the theory behind it
Internal
Within the test itself, does everything appear to measure wha…
External
Outside the test, are the results truthful? Can the results b…
Validity
What should valid measurements do?
Face Validity
Content Validity
Construct Validity
describe (individuals & groups)... discriminate (between and amo…
The degree to which a measurement device appears to accuratel…
the degree to which the content of a measure represents the u…
the degree to which a measurement device accurately capture t…
What should valid measurements do?
describe (individuals & groups)... discriminate (between and amo…
Face Validity
The degree to which a measurement device appears to accuratel…
14 terms
Research Methods: Validity and Reliability
Validity
External Validity
Internal Validity
Face validity
Making sure we are measuring the thing we say we are measuring.
A form of validity which looks at how well findings can be ap…
A form of validity which looks at if the outcome of an experi…
The extent to which research looks as though it is doing what…
Validity
Making sure we are measuring the thing we say we are measuring.
External Validity
A form of validity which looks at how well findings can be ap…
8 terms
psychology
psychology
internal validity
external validity
population validity
The scientific study of the mind and how it works
it refers to what actually happens in the study, and whether…
The degree to which a study's findings have generality to oth…
the extent the findings can be generalized to other populatio…
psychology
The scientific study of the mind and how it works
internal validity
it refers to what actually happens in the study, and whether…
9 terms
Reliability & Validity
Reliabilty
Internal reliability
External reliability
Validity
Refers to consistency, if a study is repeated using the same…
The extent to which something is consistent within itself
The extent to which a test measures consistently over time
Refers to whether a test measures what it claims to be measur…
Reliabilty
Refers to consistency, if a study is repeated using the same…
Internal reliability
The extent to which something is consistent within itself
17 terms
Validity and Reliability - Psychology A2
Reliability
Test-retest Reliability
Inter observer Reliability
Validity
Refers to how consistent a study or measuring device is. A me…
A measure of consistency for tests and other instruments. Ind…
The extent to which two or more observers are observing and r…
The extent to which findings or conclusions measure what they…
Reliability
Refers to how consistent a study or measuring device is. A me…
Test-retest Reliability
A measure of consistency for tests and other instruments. Ind…
51 terms
RM Unit 9: VALIDITY OF RESEARCH RESULTS
validity
There are four major types of validity…
research reliability
research validity
When we discuss whether findings and conclusions from researc…
internal,... external,... construct, and... statistical conclusion.
present when the same results would be obtained if the study…
the correctness or truthfulness of the inferences that are ma…
validity
When we discuss whether findings and conclusions from researc…
There are four major types of validity…
internal,... external,... construct, and... statistical conclusion.
9 terms
CDO 730: Threats to external validity
generalization across subjects
multiple treatment interference
hawthorne effect
novelty and disruption effects
the extent to which we can generalize from the experimental s…
the extent to which one can generalize the effects of a singl…
the extent to which the extra attention provided to the parti…
the extent to which novelty and disruption aspects of an inde…
generalization across subjects
the extent to which we can generalize from the experimental s…
multiple treatment interference
the extent to which one can generalize the effects of a singl…
External Validity (GCC 525 Vocab)
external validity
face validity
content validity
construct validity
the ability of your experiment results to be generalized outs…
the idea that the model 'looks' like the system under study
refers to the extent to which a measure represents all facets…
the notion that a model is representing what it is supposed t…
external validity
the ability of your experiment results to be generalized outs…
face validity
the idea that the model 'looks' like the system under study
12 terms
psychology definitions from quantitative data to temporal validity
quantitative data
qualitative data
internal reliability
content analysis
data that can be expressed numerically
data that can be expressed through words
assess the consistency of results across items within
quantifying qualitative data through the use of coding units…
quantitative data
data that can be expressed numerically
qualitative data
data that can be expressed through words
10 terms
Reliability and Validity
Internal reliability
External reliability
Test-retest
Split-half
The extent to which a measure is consistent within itself
Produces the same results each time
Should be reliable if the results are similar after retesting
Splitting the test into 2
Internal reliability
The extent to which a measure is consistent within itself
External reliability
Produces the same results each time
10 terms
TEST 1: External Validity and Sampling
external validity
population
sample
census
The extent to which results can be generalized to a larger po…
The entire set of interest.
Some of the set of interest.
All of the set of interest.
external validity
The extent to which results can be generalized to a larger po…
population
The entire set of interest.
40 terms
Acrobatiq Unit 9
research reliability
research validity
internal validity
causal description
when the same results would be obtained if the study were con…
the correctness or truthfulness of the inferences that are ma…
approximate validity with which we infer that a relationship…
a type of causal relationship that describes the consequences…
research reliability
when the same results would be obtained if the study were con…
research validity
the correctness or truthfulness of the inferences that are ma…
19 terms
Research Methods
Face Validity
Construct Validity
Content Validity
Convergent Validity
- "On it's face," does our instrument measure what it's inten…
The extent to which a test measures a theoretical construct…
The extent to which the items on a test are representative of…
...
Face Validity
- "On it's face," does our instrument measure what it's inten…
Construct Validity
The extent to which a test measures a theoretical construct…
15 terms
Different types of validity and reliability
Validity:
Internal Validity
External Validity
Face Validity
refers to a test's ability to measure what it is supposed to…
the extent to which you are able to say that no other variabl…
looks at factors outside the study and the extent to which th…
the extent to which the test looks like it will measure what…
Validity:
refers to a test's ability to measure what it is supposed to…
Internal Validity
the extent to which you are able to say that no other variabl…
21 terms
Experimental Psych, Ch. 8
construct validity
content validity
criterion related validity
reactivity to experimental situation
extent to which we can infer higher order constructs from the…
judgement of the degree to which the items or tasks adequatel…
a judgement of the extent to which the procedures of behavior…
threat to construct validity; research participants motives a…
construct validity
extent to which we can infer higher order constructs from the…
content validity
judgement of the degree to which the items or tasks adequatel…
Reliability and validity
Reliability
Internal Consistency (reliability)
Test-Retest (reliability)
Inter-Item Reliability
Consistency, stability, or repeatability of one or more measu…
Extent to which multiple items used to measure the same varia…
Extent to which a measure or observation is consistent or sta…
Consistency with which answers are given on a test
Reliability
Consistency, stability, or repeatability of one or more measu…
Internal Consistency (reliability)
Extent to which multiple items used to measure the same varia…
20 terms
Reliability and Validity
External Validity
Population validity
Ecological validity
Internal validity
The extent to which the results found can be generalised to o…
The extent to which the results found in the study can be gen…
The extent to which effect of the study/research can be appli…
Whether a study actually assesses/measures what it intends to
External Validity
The extent to which the results found can be generalised to o…
Population validity
The extent to which the results found in the study can be gen…
8 terms
Psych 3111- Lecture 9
Internal Validity
Internal validity and 3 types of claims
Causal claims require 3 things
Increase internal validity
extent to which a valid CAUSAL statement can be made about th…
1. Causal:... -was the study an experiment?... -did the experiment…
1. Covariance- as one changes, the other does too... 2. Temporal…
1. Randomly assign- participants to levels of independent var…
Internal Validity
extent to which a valid CAUSAL statement can be made about th…
Internal validity and 3 types of claims
1. Causal:... -was the study an experiment?... -did the experiment…
8 terms
Threats to External Validity 509A
Generality across subjects
Generality across responses or measures
Generality across settings
Generality across time
the extent to which the results can be extended to subjects w…
the extent to which the results extended to behaviors or doma…
the extent to which the results extend to other situations in…
the extent to which the results extend beyond the times durin…
Generality across subjects
the extent to which the results can be extended to subjects w…
Generality across responses or measures
the extent to which the results extended to behaviors or doma…
Major threats to external validity
Generality across subjects
Generality across responses or measures
Generality across settings
Generality across time
The extent to which the results can be extended to subjects o…
The extent to which the results extend to behaviors or domain…
The extent to which the results extend to other situations in…
The extent to which the results extend beyond the times durin…
Generality across subjects
The extent to which the results can be extended to subjects o…
Generality across responses or measures
The extent to which the results extend to behaviors or domain…
21 terms
Validity
Internal Validity: definition; example…
Internal Validity: may be reduced when…
Internal Validity: poor control of ext…
Internal Validity: demand characterist…
considers whether the study really is testing what it says it…
poor control of extraneous variables; Ps show demand characte…
this may make the study lack internal validity since it may b…
this may make the study lack internal validity as the Ps woul…
Internal Validity: definition; example…
considers whether the study really is testing what it says it…
Internal Validity: may be reduced when…
poor control of extraneous variables; Ps show demand characte…
10 terms
Validity and reliability
Internal validity
Face validity
Construct validity
Concurrent validity
The extent to which a measuring device measures what it is su…
Is the extent to which a measuring device appears, at face va…
Is the extent to which our commonsense/psychological knowledg…
Is the extent to which a measure will produce a similar score…
Internal validity
The extent to which a measuring device measures what it is su…
Face validity
Is the extent to which a measuring device appears, at face va…
131 terms
Experimental Psy Midterm 2
Definition of 'Experiment'
Independent Variable
Extraneous Variables
Dependent Variable
= A systematic research study in which the investigator direc…
The X is the independent variable... It is the factor of interes…
= variables that are not of interest to the researcher but th…
= the behaviors being measured... The Y is the dependent variabl…
Definition of 'Experiment'
= A systematic research study in which the investigator direc…
Independent Variable
The X is the independent variable... It is the factor of interes…
14 terms
PSYCHOLOGY realism, validity, reliability
Reliability is
Internal reliability
External reliability
Validity is
consistency
consistent in itself (tape measure)
reliability over time
the extent as to if it measures what it is supposed to
Reliability is
consistency
Internal reliability
consistent in itself (tape measure)
10 terms
Psychology - Validity
Validity
Internal Validity
External Validity
Ecological Validity
The extent to which the measurement tool is measuring somethi…
Extent to which the tool is measuring what it's supposed to b…
Extent to which findings can be applied to the outside world
Extent to which findings can be applied to other settings
Validity
The extent to which the measurement tool is measuring somethi…
Internal Validity
Extent to which the tool is measuring what it's supposed to b…
18 terms
Types of validity
Internal
External
Ecological
Population
The measuere of the experiments measurement of the dependant…
The extent to which the findings of a study can be generalised
The extent to which the results and conclusions are generalis…
The extent to which the sample can be generalised to similar…
Internal
The measuere of the experiments measurement of the dependant…
External
The extent to which the findings of a study can be generalised
14 terms
Research Methods Terms
The extent to which we can be sure cha…
The extent to which results can be gen…
The extent to which results can be gen…
The extent to which results can be gen…
Internal Validity
External Validity
Ecological validity
Population validity
The extent to which we can be sure cha…
Internal Validity
The extent to which results can be gen…
External Validity
20 terms
Validity
Internal Validity: definition; example…
Internal Validity: may be reduced when…
Internal Validity: poor control of ext…
Internal Validity: demand characterist…
considers whether the study really is testing what it says it…
poor control of extraneous variables; Ps show demand characte…
this may make the study lack internal validity since it may b…
this may make the study lack internal validity as the Ps woul…
Internal Validity: definition; example…
considers whether the study really is testing what it says it…
Internal Validity: may be reduced when…
poor control of extraneous variables; Ps show demand characte…
Discuss the extent to which findings can be generalized from a single case study
Inferential Generalization
Theoretical Generalization
How can theoretical generalization be…
How can theoretical generalization be…
Inferring that the findings of the study can be applied to si…
The results of a case study can be generalized of they suppor…
The case study must have repeatable patterns
The study should provide rich descriptions of the case
Inferential Generalization
Inferring that the findings of the study can be applied to si…
Theoretical Generalization
The results of a case study can be generalized of they suppor…
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