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Study sets matching "term:flexibility = range of motion of a joint"

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Study sets matching "term:flexibility = range of motion of a joint"

Joint Range of Motion and Flexibility
What is the difference between range o…
What are some pathologies impacting ROM?
In a patient who had a stroke, it is c…
A firm arrest at the end of ROM with a…
-Range of motion describes the distance / angle a patient can…
--rheumatoid arthritis... --lupis... --ankylosing spondylitis... --dia…
plantar, dorsi
Capsular
What is the difference between range o…
-Range of motion describes the distance / angle a patient can…
What are some pathologies impacting ROM?
--rheumatoid arthritis... --lupis... --ankylosing spondylitis... --dia…
12 terms
Chapter 6 joint range of motion and flexibility
Flexibilty
Ballistic, static-passive, PNF and act…
Ballistic stretch
During stretching the body part is put…
Define as evident, range motion at a specific joint
Types of stretching methods
Produces a contraction of the associated muscle being stretch…
How is ballistic applied
Flexibilty
Define as evident, range motion at a specific joint
Ballistic, static-passive, PNF and act…
Types of stretching methods
51 terms
Joints and Range of Motion A&P
hinge joint
condyloid joint
ball-and-socket joint
pivot joint
the articular surfaces are essentially flat, only allow short…
egg-shaped articular surface of one bone fits into a sleeve o…
spherical head of bone fits into a round socket in another -…
the rounded end of one bone fits into a sleeve or ring of bone
hinge joint
the articular surfaces are essentially flat, only allow short…
condyloid joint
egg-shaped articular surface of one bone fits into a sleeve o…
35 terms
Range of Motion & Flexibility
ROM
Flexibility
Connective Tissue Composition
Areolar (loose regular) Connective Tis…
-Amount of mobility in a joint... -Influenced by soft tissue & b…
-Musculotendinous units ability to elongate... -Loss of flexibil…
-Collagen (strength & stiffness)... -Elastin (structure & extens…
-thin collagen & elastic fibers... -provides structure w/ tensil…
ROM
-Amount of mobility in a joint... -Influenced by soft tissue & b…
Flexibility
-Musculotendinous units ability to elongate... -Loss of flexibil…
14 terms
Range of Motion and Flexibility
static flexibility
dynamic flexibility
causes of soft tissue limitation (4)
myo-fibroblasts
passive; adolescent during puberty and older/elderly individu…
functional; before activities, prior to puberty
1. trauma... 2. adaptive shortening... 3. immobilization... 4. increas…
can produce contractile force for long durations with little…
static flexibility
passive; adolescent during puberty and older/elderly individu…
dynamic flexibility
functional; before activities, prior to puberty
53 terms
Range of motion and flexibility
ROM basic technique used
PROM
A-AROM
AROM
examination of movement... initiating movement into a purposeful…
motion produced by an external force, manual or mechanical-li…
motion produced by a combination of external force and active…
motion produced by active contraction of the muscles
ROM basic technique used
examination of movement... initiating movement into a purposeful…
PROM
motion produced by an external force, manual or mechanical-li…
33 terms
Range of Motion and Flexibility
Flexibility
Causes of Limited ROM
Muscle vs. Joint Improvement
Order of ROM Exercises
-Ability to move a jt thru a full, pain free ROM... -Dependent o…
-Jt capsule tightness - do ROM exercises... -Muscle tightness -…
-If muscle flexibility improves, so does jt ROM... -If jt ROM im…
-AROM - if pt can perform w/o pain or inflammation... -AAROM - i…
Flexibility
-Ability to move a jt thru a full, pain free ROM... -Dependent o…
Causes of Limited ROM
-Jt capsule tightness - do ROM exercises... -Muscle tightness -…
55 terms
range of motion and flexibility
insuffiency
active insuffiency
passive
flexibly does what to the sacromeres
deals with two joint muscles (rectus fem, biceps, gastroc)
two joint muscle that can't VOLUNTARY CONTRACT and provide fu…
two joint muscle that can't be STRETCHED and allow for full R…
-increasing in numbers ... -increases/laid in sersis
insuffiency
deals with two joint muscles (rectus fem, biceps, gastroc)
active insuffiency
two joint muscle that can't VOLUNTARY CONTRACT and provide fu…
Joint Range of Motion Measurements
Shoulder Flexion
Shoulder Extension
Shoulder ABduction
Shoulder Horizontal ABduction
0-170
0-60
0-170
0-130
Shoulder Flexion
0-170
Shoulder Extension
0-60
12 terms
Flexibility and range of motion injury prevention
What is flexibility?
What is range of motion?
What are the different types of connec…
What is collagen?
Is the musculo-tendinous unit's ability to elongate with the…
Amount of mobility of a joint... Affected by the tension of musc…
-Collagen ... -Elastin ... -Reticulin... -ground substance ... -aerolar c…
Very strong and stiff... More binding collagen the stronger it is
What is flexibility?
Is the musculo-tendinous unit's ability to elongate with the…
What is range of motion?
Amount of mobility of a joint... Affected by the tension of musc…
19 terms
Joint Range of Motion Measurements
Shoulder Flexion
Shoulder Extension
Shoulder ABduction
Shoulder Horizontal ABduction
0-170
0-60
0-170
0-130
Shoulder Flexion
0-170
Shoulder Extension
0-60
20 terms
Joint Range of Motion Measurements
Shoulder Flexion
Shoulder Extension
Shoulder Abduction
Shoulder Horizontal Abduction
Movement of humerus anteriorly in sagittal plane 0-180
Movement of humerus posteriorly in sagittal plane 0-60
Movement of the humerus laterally in the frontal plane... 0-180.…
Movement of the humerus on a horizontal (transverse) plane fr…
Shoulder Flexion
Movement of humerus anteriorly in sagittal plane 0-180
Shoulder Extension
Movement of humerus posteriorly in sagittal plane 0-60
31 terms
Range of Motion/ Joints
An example of rotation
An example of inversion
An example of radial deviation
An example of flexion
turning the forearm from side to side
turning the foot inward.
turning the fingers toward the thumb side of the hand
bending the lower leg up toward the upper leg
An example of rotation
turning the forearm from side to side
An example of inversion
turning the foot inward.
51 terms
RANGE OF MOTION FOR DIARTHRODIAL JOINTS
Hyperextension of head
Lateral flexion of head
Rotation of head
Flexion of head
Bend head back as far as possible.
Tilt head as far as possible toward each shoulder
Turn head as far as possible to right and left.
Bring chin to rest on chest.
Hyperextension of head
Bend head back as far as possible.
Lateral flexion of head
Tilt head as far as possible toward each shoulder
36 terms
Articulations, Joints, and Range of Motion
Type of Joint: Fibrous - Sutures
Type of Joint: Fibrous - Syndesmoses
Type of Joint: Fibrous - Gomphoses
Type of Joint: Cartilaginous - Synchon…
between bones of skull ( in adults, fibrous tissue ossifies c…
junction of bones held together by ligaments [tibia - fibula;…
tooth attached to socket with periodontal ligament
cartilaginous joints between the shafts and the epiphyseal pl…
Type of Joint: Fibrous - Sutures
between bones of skull ( in adults, fibrous tissue ossifies c…
Type of Joint: Fibrous - Syndesmoses
junction of bones held together by ligaments [tibia - fibula;…
83 terms
Joint Range of Motion
Shoulder flexion
shoulder extension
shoulder abduction
shoulder medial rotation
180
60
180
70
Shoulder flexion
180
shoulder extension
60
22 terms
Joint Range of Motion
Knee Extension
Knee Flexion
Hip Flexion
Hip Flexion with Knee Flexion
90 degrees
125 degrees
90 degrees
120
Knee Extension
90 degrees
Knee Flexion
125 degrees
22 terms
Joint Range of Motion
Flexion
Extension
Hyperextension
Adduction
Flex - elbow
Straighten - Arm
Over straighten - Arm
Move leg closer to body
Flexion
Flex - elbow
Extension
Straighten - Arm
74 terms
Joint Range of Motion
ROM measurements are used for
ROM defined
Active range of motion (AROM)
Passive range of motion (PROM)
Setting intervention goals, selecting intervention methods, a…
Amount of movement that is possible at a joint.
when joint is moved by the muscle that acts on the joint
joint moved by an outside source
ROM measurements are used for
Setting intervention goals, selecting intervention methods, a…
ROM defined
Amount of movement that is possible at a joint.
22 terms
joint range of motion
shoulder flexion
shoulder hyperextension
shoulder abduction
shoulder horizontal abduction
0-170
0-60
0-170
0-40
shoulder flexion
0-170
shoulder hyperextension
0-60
30 terms
Joints and Range of Motion
Pivot
Distinguishing Features
Classification: Function
Classification: Structure
Uniaxial (rotates only... around its long axis)... Examples:... Pro…
Articular cartilage... -cover the ends of the... bones forming the…
Synarthroses... Immovable... Amphiarthroses... Slighlty moveable... Dia…
Fibrous... United by fibrous tissue... Cartilaginous... Bone ends con…
Pivot
Uniaxial (rotates only... around its long axis)... Examples:... Pro…
Distinguishing Features
Articular cartilage... -cover the ends of the... bones forming the…
19 terms
Joint Range of Motion Degrees
Ankle dorsiflexion
ankle plantarflexion
ankle inversion
ankle eversion
45 degrees
20 degrees
40 degrees
20 degrees
Ankle dorsiflexion
45 degrees
ankle plantarflexion
20 degrees
18 terms
Range of Motion and Joint Mobilization
ROM is used as a
*Always check
With ROM we want
ROM is measured with a
therapeutic tool as well as a assessment tool (loss, gained,…
univolved side first
fullest, unrestricted motion possible
goniometer
ROM is used as a
therapeutic tool as well as a assessment tool (loss, gained,…
*Always check
univolved side first
42 terms
Joint Range of Motion and Muscle
Range of Motion
What is ROM influenced by
Severity
Irritability
Motion available at any single joint
Bony structures... Surrounding ligaments... Joint capsule... Muscle... Pa…
Patient's rating of pain and activity limitations
How quickly it provokes and how quickly it subsides
Range of Motion
Motion available at any single joint
What is ROM influenced by
Bony structures... Surrounding ligaments... Joint capsule... Muscle... Pa…
8 terms
Range of Joint Motion
Joint Play
Active ROM
Passive ROM
Physiological Barrier
Discrete, short range movements of a joint independent of the…
Movement accomplished without outside assistance; Patient mov…
Movement which is carried through by the operator without con…
The end point of active joint movement (as far as the patient…
Joint Play
Discrete, short range movements of a joint independent of the…
Active ROM
Movement accomplished without outside assistance; Patient mov…
51 terms
Joint range of motion
Flexion of neck
Extension of neck
Hyperextension of neck
Lateral flexion
Bring chin to rest on chest
Return head to erect position
Bend head back as far as possible
Tilt head as far back as possible
Flexion of neck
Bring chin to rest on chest
Extension of neck
Return head to erect position
10 terms
Joint Range of Motion Terms
Range of Motion
Active Range of Motion
Passive Range of Motion
Active Assisted Range of Motion
ROM - Amount of movement that occurs at a joint (arc)
AROM - The arc of motion through which the joint passes when…
PROM - The arc of motion through which the joint passes when…
AAROM - Patient moves the joint through available ROM and the…
Range of Motion
ROM - Amount of movement that occurs at a joint (arc)
Active Range of Motion
AROM - The arc of motion through which the joint passes when…
24 terms
RANGE OF JOINT MOTION
shoulder flexion
shoulder extension
shoulder add
shoulder abd
180
50
40
180
shoulder flexion
180
shoulder extension
50
14 terms
LE Average Joint Ranges of Motion
hip flexion
hip extension
hip abduction
hip adduction
120°
20°
40°
25°
hip flexion
120°
hip extension
20°
11 terms
Joints Range of motion
Depression
Elevation
Rotation
Circumduction
Downward movement
Upward movement
Turning around an axis
Circular movement of a limb
Depression
Downward movement
Elevation
Upward movement
8 terms
joint range of motion measurements
in shoulder flexion and extension wher…
in shoulder flexion and extension what…
in shoulder abduction and adduction wh…
in shoulder abduction and adduction wh…
axis: center on the shoulder below the acromion process... stati…
elbow in extension, forearm in supination, and shoulder joint…
elbow in extension, forearm in neutral, and shoulder joint at…
parallel to the midline of the trunk posteriorly (vertebral c…
in shoulder flexion and extension wher…
axis: center on the shoulder below the acromion process... stati…
in shoulder flexion and extension what…
elbow in extension, forearm in supination, and shoulder joint…
45 terms
Joint Range of Motion
What two things does range of motion i…
Injury or disease to a joint itself or…
The amount of motion through which a j…
The amount of motion through which a j…
Structure of the joint... elasticity of supporting structures (l…
limitations of range of motion
Normal Range of Motion
passive range of motion
What two things does range of motion i…
Structure of the joint... elasticity of supporting structures (l…
Injury or disease to a joint itself or…
limitations of range of motion
18 terms
Range of motion at joints
Flexion
Extension
Abduction
Adduction
Movement that decreases the angle between bones
Movement that increases the angle between bone
Moving a bone away from the midline
Moving a bone toward the midline
Flexion
Movement that decreases the angle between bones
Extension
Movement that increases the angle between bone
19 terms
Joint Ranges of Motion
Flexion "Flexing"
Extension
Hyperextension
Dorsiflexion
bending a limb at a joint so that the end parts come closer t…
straightening a joint so that the end parts move further apar…
extending the parts of a joint BEYOND the normal range of mot…
moving the ANKLE so that the top of the foot come closer to t…
Flexion "Flexing"
bending a limb at a joint so that the end parts come closer t…
Extension
straightening a joint so that the end parts move further apar…
28 terms
Joint Normal Range of Motion
Shoulder Flexion
Shoulder Extension
Shoulder Abduction
Shoulder Adduction
180 degrees
50-60 degrees
90 degrees
50 degrees
Shoulder Flexion
180 degrees
Shoulder Extension
50-60 degrees
39 terms
Ranges of Joint Motion
Shoulder Flexion
Shoulder Extension
Shoulder Hyperextension
Shoulder Abduction
150-180
0
40-60
150-180
Shoulder Flexion
150-180
Shoulder Extension
0
12 terms
Normal LE Joint Range of Motion
Hip Flexion
Hip Extension
Hip Abduction
Hip Adduction
0-120
0-20
0-45
15-30
Hip Flexion
0-120
Hip Extension
0-20
22 terms
Range of Motion in Synovial Joints
Nonaxial Movement
Uniaxial Movement
Biaxial Movement
Triaxial Movement
non-directional movement, slipping/sliding
movement in one plane
movement in two planes
movement in all three planes
Nonaxial Movement
non-directional movement, slipping/sliding
Uniaxial Movement
movement in one plane
22 terms
range of motion for synovial joints
how to measure ROM
angular movements... examples
flexion
extension
used to determine extent of injury... goniometer
changes size of angle between articulating bones... flexion, ext…
angular movement... decreases angle between bones ... bends or fold…
angular movement... increases angle between bones
how to measure ROM
used to determine extent of injury... goniometer
angular movements... examples
changes size of angle between articulating bones... flexion, ext…
7 terms
Range of Motion (ROM) of Joints
performance... physical
ROM
ROM
-structure of articular surfaces of bo…
A joint's flexibility is part of its ____________ and _______…
the degrees through which a joint can move
_______ is a very important consideration in training for ath…
ROM is normally determined by these 3 factors
performance... physical
A joint's flexibility is part of its ____________ and _______…
ROM
the degrees through which a joint can move
13 terms
synovial joints by range of motion
nonaxial joint
uniaxial
ex: of uniaxial
biaxial joint
do not move on a axis 0
move only in one plane 1
elbow joint
move in two planes 2
nonaxial joint
do not move on a axis 0
uniaxial
move only in one plane 1
34 terms
Joint Ranges of Motion
Hip Flexion
Hip Extension
Hip Abduction
Hip Adduction
120
20
45
15-30
Hip Flexion
120
Hip Extension
20
Range of joint motions
Shoulder flextion
Shoulder extension
Shoulder adduction
Shoulder abduction
180
50
40-50
180
Shoulder flextion
180
Shoulder extension
50
17 terms
Range of motion of joints
Flexion
Extension
Circumdution
Abduction
Decreasing the angle between two bones
Increasing the angle between two bones
"Circular" motion
Bone moves away from the midline
Flexion
Decreasing the angle between two bones
Extension
Increasing the angle between two bones
11 terms
Joints/Range of Motion
Pivot Joints
Ball-and-socket joint
Saddle Joint
Condyloid (Ellipsoidal) Joint
Motion: rotation around central axis... Example: Joint between p…
Motion: movements in all planes and rotation... Example: shoulde…
Motion: variety of movements, mainly in two planes... Example: h…
Motion: sliding or twisting... Example: shoulder, hip
Pivot Joints
Motion: rotation around central axis... Example: Joint between p…
Ball-and-socket joint
Motion: movements in all planes and rotation... Example: shoulde…
12 terms
Joint Range of Motion/Joint Play
Shoulder Flexion
Shoulder Extension
Shoulder Abduction
Shoulder Medial Rotation
180 degrees/firm end feel/pt. supine/fulcrum over lateral asp…
50 degrees/firm end feel/pt. prone/fulcrum over lateral aspec…
180 degrees/firm end feel/fulcrum close to anterior aspect of…
90 degrees/firm end feel/fulcrum over olecranon process/proxi…
Shoulder Flexion
180 degrees/firm end feel/pt. supine/fulcrum over lateral asp…
Shoulder Extension
50 degrees/firm end feel/pt. prone/fulcrum over lateral aspec…
22 terms
HBS: Joints & Range of Motion
abduction
adduction
articular cartilage
articulation
movement away from the midline of the body
movement toward the midline of the body
hyaline cartilage attached to articular bone surfaces
the action or manner in which the parts come together at a jo…
abduction
movement away from the midline of the body
adduction
movement toward the midline of the body
17 terms
Range of Motion of Joints ROM
Flexion
Extension
Circumduction
Abduction
Decreasing the angle between two bones
Increasing the angle between two bones
"Circular" motion
None moves away from the midline of the body
Flexion
Decreasing the angle between two bones
Extension
Increasing the angle between two bones
17 terms
Joint Ranges of Motion
flexion
extension
hyperextension
dorsiflexion
bending limb at joint so that end parts come closer together…
straightening joint so that end parts move further apart (elb…
extending parts of joint beyond normal range of motion
moving ankle so top of foot comes closer to lower leg
flexion
bending limb at joint so that end parts come closer together…
extension
straightening joint so that end parts move further apart (elb…
14 terms
joints/range of motion
how many joints at hip?
hip joints
what kind of joint is coxal (acetabulo…
what kind of joint is sacroiliac?
3
coxal (acetabulofemoral), sacroiliac, pubic symphisis
diarthrodial
arthrodial (gliding)... type of diarthrodial
how many joints at hip?
3
hip joints
coxal (acetabulofemoral), sacroiliac, pubic symphisis
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