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Study sets matching "term:flexibility = range of motion"

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Study sets matching "term:flexibility = range of motion"

35 terms
Range of Motion & Flexibility
ROM
Flexibility
Connective Tissue Composition
Areolar (loose regular) Connective Tis…
-Amount of mobility in a joint... -Influenced by soft tissue & b…
-Musculotendinous units ability to elongate... -Loss of flexibil…
-Collagen (strength & stiffness)... -Elastin (structure & extens…
-thin collagen & elastic fibers... -provides structure w/ tensil…
ROM
-Amount of mobility in a joint... -Influenced by soft tissue & b…
Flexibility
-Musculotendinous units ability to elongate... -Loss of flexibil…
Joint Range of Motion and Flexibility
What is the difference between range o…
What are some pathologies impacting ROM?
In a patient who had a stroke, it is c…
A firm arrest at the end of ROM with a…
-Range of motion describes the distance / angle a patient can…
--rheumatoid arthritis... --lupis... --ankylosing spondylitis... --dia…
plantar, dorsi
Capsular
What is the difference between range o…
-Range of motion describes the distance / angle a patient can…
What are some pathologies impacting ROM?
--rheumatoid arthritis... --lupis... --ankylosing spondylitis... --dia…
14 terms
Range of Motion and Flexibility
static flexibility
dynamic flexibility
causes of soft tissue limitation (4)
myo-fibroblasts
passive; adolescent during puberty and older/elderly individu…
functional; before activities, prior to puberty
1. trauma... 2. adaptive shortening... 3. immobilization... 4. increas…
can produce contractile force for long durations with little…
static flexibility
passive; adolescent during puberty and older/elderly individu…
dynamic flexibility
functional; before activities, prior to puberty
53 terms
Range of motion and flexibility
ROM basic technique used
PROM
A-AROM
AROM
examination of movement... initiating movement into a purposeful…
motion produced by an external force, manual or mechanical-li…
motion produced by a combination of external force and active…
motion produced by active contraction of the muscles
ROM basic technique used
examination of movement... initiating movement into a purposeful…
PROM
motion produced by an external force, manual or mechanical-li…
33 terms
Range of Motion and Flexibility
Flexibility
Causes of Limited ROM
Muscle vs. Joint Improvement
Order of ROM Exercises
-Ability to move a jt thru a full, pain free ROM... -Dependent o…
-Jt capsule tightness - do ROM exercises... -Muscle tightness -…
-If muscle flexibility improves, so does jt ROM... -If jt ROM im…
-AROM - if pt can perform w/o pain or inflammation... -AAROM - i…
Flexibility
-Ability to move a jt thru a full, pain free ROM... -Dependent o…
Causes of Limited ROM
-Jt capsule tightness - do ROM exercises... -Muscle tightness -…
55 terms
range of motion and flexibility
insuffiency
active insuffiency
passive
flexibly does what to the sacromeres
deals with two joint muscles (rectus fem, biceps, gastroc)
two joint muscle that can't VOLUNTARY CONTRACT and provide fu…
two joint muscle that can't be STRETCHED and allow for full R…
-increasing in numbers ... -increases/laid in sersis
insuffiency
deals with two joint muscles (rectus fem, biceps, gastroc)
active insuffiency
two joint muscle that can't VOLUNTARY CONTRACT and provide fu…
12 terms
Flexibility and range of motion injury prevention
What is flexibility?
What is range of motion?
What are the different types of connec…
What is collagen?
Is the musculo-tendinous unit's ability to elongate with the…
Amount of mobility of a joint... Affected by the tension of musc…
-Collagen ... -Elastin ... -Reticulin... -ground substance ... -aerolar c…
Very strong and stiff... More binding collagen the stronger it is
What is flexibility?
Is the musculo-tendinous unit's ability to elongate with the…
What is range of motion?
Amount of mobility of a joint... Affected by the tension of musc…
16 terms
Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation Chapter 5: Range of Motion and Flexibility
Flexibility
Range of Motion
Changes in Soft Tissue due to Immobili…
Exercise Progression After First Week…
Musculotendinous unit's ability to elongate with the applicat…
Joint's mobility... Affected by many tissues in and around the…
...
Active exercises can be preformed frequently throughout the d…
Flexibility
Musculotendinous unit's ability to elongate with the applicat…
Range of Motion
Joint's mobility... Affected by many tissues in and around the…
12 terms
Chapter 6 joint range of motion and flexibility
Flexibilty
Ballistic, static-passive, PNF and act…
Ballistic stretch
During stretching the body part is put…
Define as evident, range motion at a specific joint
Types of stretching methods
Produces a contraction of the associated muscle being stretch…
How is ballistic applied
Flexibilty
Define as evident, range motion at a specific joint
Ballistic, static-passive, PNF and act…
Types of stretching methods
Musculoskeletal Chp 4- Muscle Flexibility and Range of Motion
What represents the mechanical behavio…
The stiffer the tissue, the:
Under normal conditions, a viscoelasti…
High forces of short duration favor:
...
...
...
...
What represents the mechanical behavio…
...
The stiffer the tissue, the:
...
15 terms
Range of Motion
Abduction
Atrophy
Contracture
Flexion
Moving a body part away from the midline
Wasting away of tissue; decrease in size
Tightening or shortening of the muscle
Bending of a body part
Abduction
Moving a body part away from the midline
Atrophy
Wasting away of tissue; decrease in size
5 terms
range of motion
flexion/extension
abduction/adduction
Pronation/Supination
Dorsiflexion/Plantarflexion
bending a joint such as knee or elbow, forward up raise of th…
The movement of a limb away from the midline of the body. The…
rotation of the hand or forearm so that the surface of the pa…
movement of the foot in which the foot or toes flex downward…
flexion/extension
bending a joint such as knee or elbow, forward up raise of th…
abduction/adduction
The movement of a limb away from the midline of the body. The…
23 terms
Range of Motion
shoulder flexion, extension, hyperexte…
shoulder abduction, adduction
shoulder outward rotation, inward rota…
elbow flexion extension
shoulder above head, by side, towards the back
shoulder against body, shoulder away from body
90 degree up then down
to chest and extended
shoulder flexion, extension, hyperexte…
shoulder above head, by side, towards the back
shoulder abduction, adduction
shoulder against body, shoulder away from body
13 terms
Range of Motion
Abduction
Atrophy
Contracture
Flexion
Moving a body part away from the midline
Wasting away of tissue; decrease in size
Tightening or shortening of the muscle
Bending of a body part
Abduction
Moving a body part away from the midline
Atrophy
Wasting away of tissue; decrease in size
18 terms
Ranges of Motion
Flexion
Extension
Hyperextension
Abduction
bending a body part... ex. bending forearm and hand up to shoulder
straightening a body part... ex: straightening the lower leg awa…
excessive straightening of a body part... ex: bending top of han…
Movements in the limbs only; limbs move away from the midline…
Flexion
bending a body part... ex. bending forearm and hand up to shoulder
Extension
straightening a body part... ex: straightening the lower leg awa…
9 terms
Range of Motion
Rotation
Abduction
Adduction
Flexion
Rotation
Abduction
24 terms
Range of Motion
Flexibility
Range of motion
Sarcomere Diagram
Sarcomeres in Parrallel
Musculotendionous unit's ability to elongate with application…
the mobility of a joint ... -determined by soft-tissue and bony…
-influences cross sectional area... -increased isometric force
Flexibility
Musculotendionous unit's ability to elongate with application…
Range of motion
the mobility of a joint ... -determined by soft-tissue and bony…
9 terms
Range of Motion
Flexor
Extension
Abduction
Adduction
a muscle whose contraction bends a limb or other part of the…
increasing the angle between the bones of the limb of the joint
the movement of a limb away from the midline of the body
movement toward the midline of the body
Flexor
a muscle whose contraction bends a limb or other part of the…
Extension
increasing the angle between the bones of the limb of the joint
9 terms
Range of motion
Abduction
Adduction
Flexion
Extension
Movement away from the midline of the body
Movement toward the midline of the body
Bending of the limb; decreasing the angle between the bones
straightening of a flexed limb.
Abduction
Movement away from the midline of the body
Adduction
Movement toward the midline of the body
range of motion
dorsiflexion
plantar flexion
flexion
extension
backward (upward) bending of the foot
bending the sole of the foot downward toward the ground
bending a limb; decreasing the angle between bones
straightening of a flexed limb
dorsiflexion
backward (upward) bending of the foot
plantar flexion
bending the sole of the foot downward toward the ground
Range of Motion
Flexion
Extension
Plantar Flexion
Dorsiflexion
the action of bending or the condition of being bent
Straightening of a flexed limb.
Bending the sole of the foot downward toward the ground.
Backward (upward) bending of the foot
Flexion
the action of bending or the condition of being bent
Extension
Straightening of a flexed limb.
16 terms
Range of Motion
Supination
Inversion
Pronation
Eversion
turning a body part upward
turning a body part inward
turning a body part downward
turning a body part outward
Supination
turning a body part upward
Inversion
turning a body part inward
7 terms
Range of Motion
Abduction
Adduction
Pronation
Supination
The movement of a limb away from the middle of the body
Movement of a body part toward the body's midline
A rotation of the hand and forearm so that the palm faces bac…
Rotation of the forearm and hand so that the palm faces forwa…
Abduction
The movement of a limb away from the middle of the body
Adduction
Movement of a body part toward the body's midline
5 terms
Range of Motion
Flexion/Extension
Abduction/Adduction
Pronation/Supination
Dorsiflexion/Plantarflexion
Extension is the opposite of flexion, describing a straighten…
Abduction is the movement of a limb or other part away from t…
Pronation is a natural movement , Supination is the opposite…
Dorsiflexion is backward flexion (bending), as of the hand or…
Flexion/Extension
Extension is the opposite of flexion, describing a straighten…
Abduction/Adduction
Abduction is the movement of a limb or other part away from t…
9 terms
Range Of motion
Flexion
Extension
Abduction
Adduction
Bending of a Joint
An unbending movement
Movement of a limb away from the midline of the body
Movement of a limb toward midline of the body
Flexion
Bending of a Joint
Extension
An unbending movement
9 terms
Range of Motion
abduction
adduction
dorsiflexion
plantarflexion
movement away from the mid line of the body
movement toward the mid line of the body
backward (upward) bending of the foot
bending the sole of the foot downward toward the ground
abduction
movement away from the mid line of the body
adduction
movement toward the mid line of the body
14 terms
Range of motion
Abduction
Adduction
Dorsiflexion
Extension
Movement away from the midline body
Movement toward the midline of the body
Backward (upward) bending of the foot
Straightening of a flexion limb
Abduction
Movement away from the midline body
Adduction
Movement toward the midline of the body
19 terms
Range of Motion
Flexion
Extension
Abduction
Adduction
The action of bending or the condition of being bent, especia…
The action of moving a limb from a bent to a straight position
A motion that pulls a structure or part away from the midline…
The movement of a body part toward the body's midline. So if…
Flexion
The action of bending or the condition of being bent, especia…
Extension
The action of moving a limb from a bent to a straight position
13 terms
Range of Motion
adduction
abduction
internal rotation
external rotation
move extremity toward midline
move away from midline
move joint toward body
move joint away from the body
adduction
move extremity toward midline
abduction
move away from midline
14 terms
Range of Motion
abduction
adduction
flexion
extension
Movement away from mid line/body
Movement towards mid line/body
bending of a body part
straightening of a body part
abduction
Movement away from mid line/body
adduction
Movement towards mid line/body
21 terms
Ranges of Motion
Flexion
Extension
Hyperextension
Abduction
decreases the angle between 2 bones
increases the angle between 2 bones
increases the angle between 2 bones beyond the normal ROM
Movements in the limbs only; limbs move away from the midline
Flexion
decreases the angle between 2 bones
Extension
increases the angle between 2 bones
37 terms
Range of Motion
active ROM
passive ROM
active-assistive ROM
flexion
patient does exercise
caregiver does exercises
caregiver helps patient do exercises
bending of a joint
active ROM
patient does exercise
passive ROM
caregiver does exercises
11 terms
Range of Motion
Depression
Elevation
Rotation
Circumduction
Movement in inferior direction
Movement in superior direction
Movement around axis
Conical movement of body
Depression
Movement in inferior direction
Elevation
Movement in superior direction
9 terms
Range of Motion
flexion
extension
abduction
rotation
decreasing the angle between two bends; bending a limb
increasing the angle between two bones; straightening out a l…
movement away from the midline of the body
circular movement around an axis (central point), internal ro…
flexion
decreasing the angle between two bends; bending a limb
extension
increasing the angle between two bones; straightening out a l…
9 terms
Range Of Motion
Flexion
Extension
Abduction
Adduction
bending the lower leg up toward the upper leg
straightening the lower arm away from the upper arm
moving the arm out from the side of the body...
moving the fingers toward each other
Flexion
bending the lower leg up toward the upper leg
Extension
straightening the lower arm away from the upper arm
9 terms
range of motion
flexion
abduction
extension
adduction
the action of bending or the condition of being bent, especia…
the movement of a limb or other part away from the midline of…
the stretching of a fractured or dislocated limb so as to res…
the movement of a body part toward the body's midline
flexion
the action of bending or the condition of being bent, especia…
abduction
the movement of a limb or other part away from the midline of…
range of motion
flexion
extension
abduction
adduction
bending a limb
straightening out a limb
movement away from the midline of the body
movement towards the midline of the body
flexion
bending a limb
extension
straightening out a limb
7 terms
Range of Motion
Flexion
Extention
Plantar Flexion
Dorsiflexion
Bending a limb; decreasing the angle between bones.
Straightening of a flexed limb.
Bending the sole of the foot downward toward the ground.
Backward (upward) bending the foot.
Flexion
Bending a limb; decreasing the angle between bones.
Extention
Straightening of a flexed limb.
18 terms
Range of Motion
Ulnar Flexion
Radial Flexion
Dorsiflexion
Plantar Flexion
Ulnar Flexion
Radial Flexion
9 terms
Range of Motion
Flexion
Extension
Abduction
Adduction
Decreasing angle between two bones, bending a limb. ... ex. Rais…
Increasing the angle between two bones; straightening of limb
Movement away form midline of body
Movement towards midline of body
Flexion
Decreasing angle between two bones, bending a limb. ... ex. Rais…
Extension
Increasing the angle between two bones; straightening of limb
15 terms
Range of motion
Moving wrist toward little finger side
Turning the forearm and hand so the pa…
Excessive straightening of a body part
Turning the head from side to side
ulnar deviation
pronation
hyperextension
rotation
Moving wrist toward little finger side
ulnar deviation
Turning the forearm and hand so the pa…
pronation
13 terms
Range Of Motion
Abduction
Adduction
Opposition
Flexion
Move body part away from the body
Move body part towards the body
Touching the fingers to the thumb
Bending body part
Abduction
Move body part away from the body
Adduction
Move body part towards the body
22 terms
Range of Motion
neck flexion
neck extension
neck hyperextension
neck lateral flexion
head from straight up to down towards chin ... Normal range= 45*
head from down position to midline ... normal range= 45 *
head from midline tilted back ... normal range= 10*
head from midline tilted towards the shoulder ... normal range=…
neck flexion
head from straight up to down towards chin ... Normal range= 45*
neck extension
head from down position to midline ... normal range= 45 *
9 terms
range of motion
flexion
extension
abduction
adduction
decreasing angle between two bones; bending a limb
increasing the angle between two bones; straightening out a l…
movement away from the midline of the body
movement toward the midline of the body
flexion
decreasing angle between two bones; bending a limb
extension
increasing the angle between two bones; straightening out a l…
15 terms
Range of Motion
Pivot joint movement
Ball-and-Socket joint movement
Saddle joint movement
Condyloid (Ellipsoidal) joint movement
twisting/turning (neck)
rotate all the way around (shoulder)
not very much, usually for stability and flexibility (carpals)
flexion, extension, adduction,abduction, and circumduction (j…
Pivot joint movement
twisting/turning (neck)
Ball-and-Socket joint movement
rotate all the way around (shoulder)
31 terms
Range of motion
Postural
nerve
philological
social
Some of the effects of immobility cause_____ abnormalities
Some of the effects of immobility cause_____ Damage
Some of the effects of immobility cause_____ and social effects
Some of the effects of immobility cause psychological and ___…
Postural
Some of the effects of immobility cause_____ abnormalities
nerve
Some of the effects of immobility cause_____ Damage
21 terms
Ranges of Motion
Flexion
Extension
Hyperextension
Abduction
decreases the angle between 2 bones
increases the angle between 2 bones
increases the angle between 2 bones beyond the normal ROM
Movements in the limbs only; limbs move away from the midline
Flexion
decreases the angle between 2 bones
Extension
increases the angle between 2 bones
10 terms
Range of Motion
Abduction
Range of Motion
Adduction
Extension
moving a body part away from the mid line of the body
Exercises put a particular join through its full arc of motion.
moving a body part toward the midline of the body
Straightening a body part
Abduction
moving a body part away from the mid line of the body
Range of Motion
Exercises put a particular join through its full arc of motion.
11 terms
Range of motion
Head
Shoulder
Elbow
Wrist
Flexion, extension, hyper extension, later flexion, rotation
Flexion, extension, hyper extension, abduction, adduction, ho…
Flexion, extension, supination, pronation,
Extension, hyper extension, flexion, radial flexion, ulnar fl…
Head
Flexion, extension, hyper extension, later flexion, rotation
Shoulder
Flexion, extension, hyper extension, abduction, adduction, ho…
9 terms
Range of Motion
abduction
adduction
dorsiflection
plantar flexion
movement away from the midline of the body
movement toward the midline of the body
upward bending of the foot
bending the sole of the foot downward toward the ground
abduction
movement away from the midline of the body
adduction
movement toward the midline of the body
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